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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917807/healthcare-workers-at-dialysis-centers-and-students-studying-in-dialysis-departments-behavioural-assessment
#1
Nukhet Bayer, Birsen Bilgen Sivri, Muzeyyen Arslan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the behaviours of students studying dialysis and health personnel working at dialysis centers and the influencing factors. METHODS: Students studying dialysis department at Turgut Özal University (n=70) and healthcare personnel working at eight Dialysis Centers located in the center of Ankara (n=83) were recruited. Data was collected from personal information forms and Healthy Life Style Behaviours (HLSB)-II scale...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893212/effects-of-energy-conservation-strategies-on-cancer-related-fatigue-and-health-promotion-lifestyle-in-breast-cancersurvivors-a-randomized-control-trial
#2
Elham Sadeghi, Nahid Gozali, Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi
Purpose: Cancer-related fatigue is frequently experienced by patients during and after therapy. The present study was conducted to assess the impact of energy conservation strategies and health promotion in breast cancer survivors. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was carried out to compare the intervention effect (n=69.0) with controls (n=66.0) based on routine oncology ward care. The intervention was five weekly sessions for groups of 6-8 breast cancer survivors. Data on fatigue and health promotion lifestyle were obtained before and after completion the intervention and then 8 weeks later for analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#3
Laura Polloni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Emilia Ferruzza, Roberta Bonaguro, Francesca Lazzarotto, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Antonella Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological wellbeing. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared to healthy peers, and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880996/oxidative-stress-induced-damage-to-paternal-genome-and-impact-of-meditation-and-yoga-can-it-reduce-incidence-of-childhood-cancer
#4
Dada Rima, Basant Kumar Shiv, Chawla Bhavna, Bisht Shilpa, Khan Saima
Background: Sperm DNA damage is underlying aetiology of poor implantation and pregnancy rates but also affects health of offspring and may also result in denovo mutations in germ line and post fertilization. This may result in complex diseases, polygenic disorders and childhood cancers. Childhood cancer like retinoblastoma (RB) is more prevalent in developing countries and the incidence of RB has increased more than three fold in India in the last decade. Recent studies have documented increased incidence of cancers in children born to fathers who consume alcohol in excess and tobacco or who were conceived by assisted conception...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869381/-analysis-of-adiposity-and-physical-fitness-in-young-colombian-students
#5
Constanza Palomino-Devia, Fernando Manuel Otero-Saborido, José Antonio González-Jurado
Body mass index and physical fitness are important markers of a healthy life style. Objective: To analyze adiposity and physical fitness in young students from public schools in Armenia, Colombia, and examine differences between sex and age groups. Materials and methods: We analyzed 1,150 students: 46.6% (n=536) males and 53.4% (n=614) females, with an age range of 10 to 20 years (15.45 ± 2.52). Physical fitness was evaluated by the Course-Navette test, the Horizontal Jump test, the 20-meter run test and the Sit-and-Reach test...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812308/daily-salivary-cortisol-profile-insights-from-the-croatian-late-adolescence-stress-study-class
#6
Daniela Šupe-Domić, Goran Milas, Irena Drmić Hofman, Lada Rumora, Irena Martinović Klarić
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to examine basal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and to determine associations of various covariates (gender, sleep-wake rhythm, demographic, academic, life style and health-related characteristics) with altered daily salivary cortisol profiles in late adolescence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The total analytic sample consisted of 903 Croatian secondary school students aged 18 - 21 years (median 19 years). Salivary cortisol was sampled at home at three time points over the course of one week and its concentrations were measured by using the enzyme immunoassay...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776608/a-predictive-study-of-antecedent-variables-of-workaholism
#7
María J Serrano-Fernández, Joan Boada-Grau, Carme Gil-Ripoll, Andreu Vigil-Colet
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have pointed to a relationship between personality variables, engagement, and the lifestyle of workers with workaholism. Our goal in the present study is to carry out a predictive study of the pre-existing variables for workaholism.  Method : The study sample participants were 513 workers (48.1 % men, 51.9 % women), obtained through non-probability sampling. The programmes used were FACTOR (7.2 version) and SPSS 20.0. RESULTS: We found that personality variables such as engagement, self-efficacy, obsessive-compulsive component (ICO), satisfaction with life and lifestyle were predictive of workaholism...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776603/prevalence-of-strategies-for-coping-with-daily-stress-in-children
#8
Francisco M Morales Rodríguez, María V Trianes Torres, Jesús Miranda Páez, Cándido J Inglés
BACKGROUND: The study of coping strategies in children guarantees quality of life from childhood onwards. The present paper aims to determine the prevalence of coping strategies for three everyday problems in children, while examining sociodemographic variables, context variables, and teacher assessment. METHOD: The sample is composed of 7,058 school children aged between 8 and 13 years old. RESULTS: Results show a higher prevalence of the Active Solution strategy at home and in school contexts compared with the health area, where the Active Solutionis the least prevalent strategy, and Concealing the Problem the most widely used, followed by Passivity...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757931/internet-addiction-sleep-and-health-related-life-quality-among-obese-individuals-a-comparison-study-of-the-growing-problems-in-adolescent-health
#9
Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Cemil Koçyiğit, Ali Kanik, Ellen Selkie, Huseyin Yilmaz, Gonul Catli, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Bumin Nuri Dundar
BACKGROUND: The rapid rise in the global prevalence of obesity suggests that environmental factors may be responsible. The increased use of technology is associated with increased rates of obesity due to declines in physical activity and significant sedentary life style. Internet addiction is also a growing health issue associated with diminished physical activity and poor sleep quality as well as various health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine associations between Internet addiction and adolescent obesity-related problems...
October 18, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756900/synchronized-human-skeletal-myotubes-of-lean-obese-and-type-2-diabetic-patients-maintain-circadian-oscillation-of-clock-genes
#10
Jan Hansen, Silvie Timmers, Esther Moonen-Kornips, Helene Duez, Bart Staels, Matthijs K C Hesselink, Patrick Schrauwen
Cell and animal studies have demonstrated that circadian rhythm is governed by autonomous rhythmicity of clock genes. Although disturbances in circadian rhythm have been implicated in metabolic disease development, it remains unknown whether muscle circadian rhythm is altered in human models of type 2 diabetes. Here we used human primary myotubes (HPM) to investigate if rhythmicity of clock- and metabolic gene expression is altered in donors with obesity or type 2 diabetes compared to metabolically healthy donors...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753812/ssa-04-3-leptin-adiponectin-in-cardiometabolic-disease
#11
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689315/pilot-testing-of-the-first-you-should-get-stronger-program-among-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-dementia
#12
Neslihan Lök, Kerime Bademli
OBJECTIVE: In this study, randomized controlled interventional study pattern was used to examine the effects of the "First You Should Get Stronger" program on the caregiving burden and healthy life style behavior of caregivers of dementia patients. METHODS: "Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale" and "Healthy Life Style Behavior Scale" were used. The study was completed with 40 caregivers in total with 20 in the intervention group and 20 in the control group. A statistically significant difference was determined between the "Zarit Caregiving Burden Scale" and "Healthy Life Style Behavior Scale" score averages of the intervention group that participated in the "First You Should Get Stronger" program in comparison with those of the control group...
January 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670346/synthetic-and-natural-nutritional-supplements-health-allies-or-risk-to-public-health
#13
Nassia Kioukia-Fougia, Nikolaos Georgiadis, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Fotini Vasilaki, Persefoni Fragkiadaki, Evangelia Meimeti, Christina Tsitsimpikou
BACKGROUND: The modern way of life involves high stress levels, poor eating habits, lack of exercise, obesity and other detrimental health factors. Nutritional supplements (NS) are complexes of nutrients with variant activity that may infer reversal to nutrient depletion. They tend to be popular amongst social categories associated with the healthy life style, such as the elite and amateur athletes, military people and the general population. OBJECTIVE: An overview of the state of play with regards to nutritional supplements -natural and synthetic-, is important both from toxicological and commercial point of view...
September 23, 2016: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643352/ssa-04-3-leptin-adiponectin-in-cardiometabolic-disease
#14
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617915/correlation-analysis-and-its-significance-of-serum-nt-probnp-ph-value-and-paco2-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
W Guo, Y Fu
Objective: To explore the correlation analysis of serum NT-proBNP, pH value and PaCO2 in patients with the different degrees of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and their significances. Methods: One hundred and twenty-six cases of COPD patients' clinical data were collected in our hospital. The correlation analysis of NT-proBNP, pH value and PaCO2 in patients was performed and compared with 50 patients at the same period. The serum NT-proBNP concentration was measured by using bidirectional lateral flow immunoassay, pH value was detected with the ion electrode selection method and PaCO2 was detected with gas sensitive electrode method...
March 9, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613099/genetic-polymorphisms-of-enos-786t-c-intron-4b-4a-894g-t-and-its-association-with-asymptomatic-first-degree-relatives-of-coronary-heart-disease-patients
#16
Galimudi Rajesh Kumar, Kondapalli Mrudula Spurthi, Gundapaneni Kishore Kumar, Tupurani Mohini Aiyengar, Padala Chiranjeevi, Shyamala Nivas, Cingeetham Anuradha, Banapuram Swathi, Sanjib Kumar Sahu, Altaf Ali, Hanumanth Surekha Rani
BACKGROUND: The eNOS gene has been extensively screened for important variations in the promoter (-786T/C), Intron 4 (4b/4a) and exon 7 (894G/T) regions in multiple diseases. Prevalence of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is much higher in young Indians when compared to other ethnic groups and first-degree relatives (FDRS) of CHD patients are at risk correlating with earlier age-of-onset and poor prognosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to understand the genetic mechanism of eNOS -786T/C, Intron 4b/4a and 894G/T polymorphisms/haplotypes in the development of CHD and to identify individuals having coronary risk factors among the FDRS of CHD patients by comparing them with the general population...
September 6, 2016: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608973/financial-incentives-for-a-healthy-life-style-and-disease-prevention-among-older-people-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Marzena Tambor, Milena Pavlova, Stanisława Golinowska, Jelena Arsenijevic, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: To motivate people to lead a healthier life and to engage in disease prevention, explicit financial incentives, such as monetary rewards for attaining health-related targets (e.g. smoking cessation, weight loss or increased physical activity) or disincentives for reverting to unhealthy habits, are applied. A review focused on financial incentives for health promotion among older people is lacking. Attention to this group is necessary because older people may respond differently to financial incentives, e...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590950/the-obese-pregnancy
#18
A H Aamir
Weight gain in pregnancy is physiological but if a woman is overweight prior to pregnancy, this will put both women and foetus at risk of adverse complications. Obesity can affect women at all the stages of pregnancy. Obese women can be a cause of reduced fertility as compared to a normal weight woman, and a typical example is of the Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). The incidence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus ,hypertension and preeclamsia is 2-3 folds higher in obesity particularly with a BMI of> 30kg/m2...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590946/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-south-asia-epidemiology
#19
Fatema Jawad, Kiran Ejaz
Gestational diabetes mellitus, is defined by the American Diabetes Association as "diabetes diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy that is not clearly overt diabetes". WHO has further classified the period of diagnosis as Hyperglycaemia in Pregnancy and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. The former term is applicable in the early period of gestation and GDM is detected after 24 weeks. Irrespective of the guidelines followed, the presence of Diabetes Mellitus during pregnancy, has to be taken seriously as it is an important metabolic derangement and can prove to be harmful for the mother and dangerous for the foetus...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586376/weight-loss-strategies-of-south-african-female-university-students-and-comparison-of-weight-management-related-characteristics-between-dieters-and-non-dieters
#20
Marjanne Senekal, Gabrielle L Lasker, Lindsay van Velden, Ria Laubscher, Norman J Temple
BACKGROUND: Female university students are at risk for weight gain and use of inappropriate weight-loss strategies. By gaining a greater understanding of the weight-loss strategies used by and weight management related characteristics of these students, effective weight management interventions for this vulnerable group can be developed. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty female students from South Africa universities, aged 18-25 years, participated in this cross-sectional study; 162 attempted weight loss during the year preceding the study (dieters) and 88 were non-dieters...
2016: BMC Public Health
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