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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666919/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-insufficiency-and-evidence-for-disease-prevention-in-the-older-population
#1
REVIEW
Julia Kühn, Paula Trotz, Gabriele I Stangl
The prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency, usually assessed by the analysis of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH])D), is very high in the aging German population. An important factor that reduces endogenous vitamin D synthesis in older persons is physical inactivity or care-dependency that limits the time spent outside. Additionally, it has been suggested that the age-dependent decline in the glomerular filtration rate is associated with a reduced production of bioactive calcitriol. As this phenomenon is not detectable by the assessment of 25(OH)D, it is necessary to analyze the level of parathyroid hormone as a marker of calcitriol function...
April 17, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615959/rorschach-evaluation-of-personality-and-emotional-characteristics-in-adolescents-with-migraine-versus-epilepsy-and-controls
#2
Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Daniela Candeloro, Alda Mita, Matteo Chiappedi, Umberto Balottin
The literature examining primary headache, including migraine, in adolescents, has pointed out the key role played by a wide range of psychiatric disorders in reducing the patients' quality of life. Moreover, pioneering studies showed that preexisting personality characteristics, specific emotion regulation styles and psychological-psychiatric difficulties are likely to increase the risk of the onset, maintenance, and outcome of headache. Still personality issues in migraine have been poorly studied, in particular in children and adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594339/obesogenic-habits-among-children-and-their-families-in-response-to-initiation-of-gluten-free-diet
#3
Neriya Levran, Michael Wilschanski, Jessica Livovsky, Edna Shachar, Moti Moskovitz, Lama Assaf-Jabrin, Eyal Shteyer
Initiation of a lifelong, gluten-free diet (GFD) in children with celiac disease (CD) influences the child's life in many ways. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of GFD on the child and his/her family's eating habits and lifestyle behaviors. To study this, we asked children and their parents completed the Family Eating and Activity Habits Questionnaire (FEAHQ) at the time of diagnosis of CD and at least 6 months after initiation of GFD and a questionnaires assessing symptoms related to CD and adherence to the GFD diet...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593617/the-role-of-difficulty-in-identifying-and-describing-feelings-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-behavior-nssi-associations-with-perceived-attachment-quality-stressful-life-events-and-suicidal-ideation
#4
Rita Cerutti, Antonio Zuffianò, Valentina Spensieri
Objective: Core alexithymic features, such as the difficulty in identifying and describing feelings, are associated with poor attachment styles and emotional trauma, which influence the capacity to regulate affect. Additionally, emotional regulation has been found to be the most commonly identified function associated with non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) in adolescents as they attempt to modulate strong emotions. However, few studies have examined the link between difficulty in identifying and describing feelings (core components of alexithymia), NSSI behaviors, quality of attachment, life stressors and suicidal ideation in healthy early adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593560/intestinal-metagenomes-and-metabolomes-in-healthy-young-males-inactivity-and-hypoxia-generated-negative-physiological-symptoms-precede-microbial-dysbiosis
#5
Robert Šket, Tadej Debevec, Susanne Kublik, Michael Schloter, Anne Schoeller, Boštjan Murovec, Katarina Vogel Mikuš, Damjan Makuc, Klemen Pečnik, Janez Plavec, Igor B Mekjavić, Ola Eiken, Zala Prevoršek, Blaž Stres
We explored the metagenomic, metabolomic and trace metal makeup of intestinal microbiota and environment in healthy male participants during the run-in (5 day) and the following three 21-day interventions: normoxic bedrest (NBR), hypoxic bedrest (HBR) and hypoxic ambulation (HAmb) which were carried out within a controlled laboratory environment (circadian rhythm, fluid and dietary intakes, microbial bioburden, oxygen level, exercise). The fraction of inspired O2 (Fi O2 ) and partial pressure of inspired O2 (Pi O2 ) were 0...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581956/effects-of-lifestyle-on-muscle-strength-in-a-healthy-danish-population
#6
Else Marie Bartels, Samuel Robertson, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Merete Appleyard, Anders Stockmarr
Background: Lifestyle is expected to influence muscle strength. This study aimed at assessing a possible relationship between smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity, and muscle strength in a healthy Danish population aged 20-79 years. Population study based on data collected from The Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) and measurements of Isokinetic muscle strength from a sub-study of randomly selected healthy participants from CCHS. Methods: 126 women and 63 men were studied...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572771/brain-functional-connectivity-correlates-of-coping-styles
#7
Emiliano Santarnecchi, Giulia Sprugnoli, Elisa Tatti, Lucia Mencarelli, Francesco Neri, Davide Momi, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Simone Rossi, Alessandro Rossi
Coping abilities represent the individual set of mental and behavioral strategies adopted when facing stress or traumatic experiences. Coping styles related to avoidance have been linked to a disposition to develop psychiatric disorders such as PTSD, anxiety, and major depression, whereas problem-oriented coping skills have been positively correlated with well-being and high quality of life. Even though coping styles constitute an important determinant of resilience and can impact many aspects of everyday living, no study has investigated their brain functional connectivity underpinnings in humans...
March 23, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555310/bone-histomorphometry-in-transiliac-biopsies-from-48-normal-healthy-men
#8
Robert R Recker, Mohammed K Akhter, Joan M Lappe, Patrice Watson
Investigators and clinicians use bone histomorphometry data from iliac bone biopsies to study bone abnormalities in diseased patients, and to understand the safety and effectiveness of pharmaceutical interventions. This requires access to a high quality normal data-set to be used for comparisons, a resource that has not been adequate to date. The objective of this work is to present static and dynamic bone histomorphometry data from transilial bone biopsies performed on 48 healthy males, evenly distributed between ages 45 and 75...
March 16, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540920/psychosocial-interventions-in-patients-with-dual-diagnosis
#9
REVIEW
B N Subodh, Nidhi Sharma, Raghav Shah
Management of patients with dual diagnosis (Mental illness and substance use disorders) is a challenge. A lack of improvement in either disorder can lead to a relapse in both. The current consensus opinion favours an integrated approach to management of both the disorders wherein the same team of professionals manages both the disorders in the same setting. The role of pharmacotherapy for such dual diagnosis patients is well established but the non-pharmacological approaches for their management are still evolving...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535078/describing-the-process-of-adopting-nutrition-and-fitness-apps-behavior-stage-model-approach
#10
Laura M König, Gudrun Sproesser, Harald T Schupp, Britta Renner
BACKGROUND: Although mobile technologies such as smartphone apps are promising means for motivating people to adopt a healthier lifestyle (mHealth apps), previous studies have shown low adoption and continued use rates. Developing the means to address this issue requires further understanding of mHealth app nonusers and adoption processes. This study utilized a stage model approach based on the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM), which proposes that people pass through qualitatively different motivational stages when adopting a behavior...
March 13, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534705/diabetes-and-abnormal-glucose-regulation-in-the-adult-population-of-burkina-faso-prevalence-and-predictors
#11
Tieba Millogo, Brice W Bicaba, Joseph Kouesyandé Soubeiga, Estelle Dabiré, Isaie Médah, Séni Kouanda
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is reportedly growing fast in sub-Saharan Africa. There is however a scarcity of epidemiologic data on DM in Burkina Faso. We carried out a secondary analysis of the first survey conducted in Burkina Faso on a nationally representative sample following the World Health Organization (WHO) Stepwise approach to risk factors Surveillance (STEPS) for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) with the aims of identifying the prevalence of NCDs and the prevalence of common risk factors for NCDs...
March 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526468/long-term-effectiveness-of-ra-1-a-standardized-ayurvedic-medicine-as-a-monotherapy-and-in-combination-with-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-the-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#12
Arvind Chopra, Manjit Saluja, Toktam Kianifard, Deepa Chitre, Anuradha Venugopalan
BACKGROUND: Data on long term use of Ayurvedic drugs is sparse. They may prove useful if combined with modern medicine in certain clinical situations (integrative medicine). We present the results of a long term observational study of RA-1 (Ayurvedic drug) used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: On completion of a 16 week randomized controlled study, 165 consenting volunteer patients were enrolled into a three year open label phase (OLP) study...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510006/-the-attitude-to-one-s-own-health-among-native-residents-of-yakutia
#13
E P Ammosova, R N Zakharova, T M Klimova, A V Timofeieva, A I Fedorov, M E Baltakhinova
The study was carried out concerning value reference points and attitudes of native population of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) intended for health preservation. The analysis was applied to answers of 292 respondents residing in rural area of Yakutia. The analysis of answers of value motivation section demonstrated that for most respondents their health is a priority value of life. At that, most of respondents misunderstand and underestimate role of health in their life because they are unaware of health as an instrumental value...
July 2017: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500680/environmental-risk-factors-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-a-case-control-study
#14
Sharareh Eskandarieh, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Amir Reza Azimi, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi, Nasrin Asgari, Mohammad Ali Sahraian
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) has unknown risk factors. The aim of this study was to identify the environmental risk factors for NMOSD. A case-control study was conducted in Tehran from 2015 to 2016 among 100 patients with NMOSD. Sex-matched healthy controls (n = 400) were selected through random digit dialing (RDD). Logistic regression was used to estimate unadjusted and adjusted ORs (odds ratio) at 95% confidence intervals (CI) via SPSS. Compared with the control population, in NMOSD patients, the adjusted OR for low dairy consumption per week was (OR = 18...
March 2, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480987/comparative-study-of-serum-lipid-profiles-in-nepalese-cancer-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#15
Dipendra Raj Pandeya, Ajay Rajbhandari, Manoj Nepal, Ezeldine K Abdalhabib, Mahesh Bhatta, Sudha Sen Malla, Laxmi Upadhyay, Mohammed H Saiem Al Dahr
Significant efforts have been made to study cancer at the biochemical and cellular level and identify factors associated with progression. The aim of this hospital based randomized comparative study at the Nepalese Army Institute of Health science hospital was to assess factors in 52 people diagnosed with different types of cancer and 56 normal control persons. Fasting blood samples were analyzed for serum total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides (TG) and low density lipoprotein (LDL)...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473518/management-of-measurable-variable-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors
#16
Sonja Francula Zaninovic, Iskra A Nola
AIM: To summarize the main findings on variable cardiovascular risk factors and their management in everyday practice. METHODS: A narrative review of the relevant literature known to the authors and incorporation of healthy changes tips in defined variable cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: There are known variable cardiovascular risk factors to be claimed as those that should be changed in order to achieve a better prevention of cardiovascular disease development...
February 21, 2018: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#17
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448237/the-effect-of-multimorbidity-on-the-gap-between-global-and-age-comparative-self-rated-health-scores-among-the-korean-elderly
#18
Namsoo Kim, Hyun-Jun Nam, Juhwan Noh, Eun-Cheol Park
Most of the behavior change models regard perceived health status as a motivation for healthy behaviors or chronic disease self-management. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the number of chronic diseases and the difference between global and age-comparative self-rated health scores (GSRH and ASRH). We used national representative survey data pertaining to the elderly in 2011 from the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. In total, 10,003 participants (≥60 years old) were selected from those who had completed the survey in 2008...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428927/dancing-for-healthy-aging-functional-and-metabolic-perspectives
#19
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422485/is-the-word-osteoporosis-a-reason-for-kinesiophobia
#20
Zafer Gunendi, Dilek Eker, Duygu Tecer, Belgin Karaoglan
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that causes weakening of the bones which increases the risk of fractures. Especially hip fractures lead to substantial physical, psychological, social and economic burden both for the patients and the governments. Excercises and physically active life style are essential preventive and therapeutic approaches for osteoporosis. Kinesiophobia is an irrational fear of movement due to the belief of susceptibility to injury. It is associated with lower levels of physical activity...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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