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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733174/lipoprotein-insulin-resistance-score-and-risk-of-incident-diabetes-during-extended-follow-up-of-20%C3%A2-years-the-women-s-health-study
#1
Paulo H N Harada, Olga V Demler, Sagar B Dugani, Akintunde O Akinkuolie, Manickavasagar V Moorthy, Paul M Ridker, Nancy R Cook, Aruna D Pradhan, Samia Mora
BACKGROUND: Type II diabetes (T2D) is preceded by prolonged insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency incompletely captured by glucose metabolism parameters, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglycerides. OBJECTIVE: Whether lipoprotein insulin resistance (LPIR) score, a metabolomic marker, is associated with incident diabetes and improves risk reclassification over traditional markers on extended follow-up. METHODS: Among 25,925 nondiabetic women aged 45 years or older, LPIR was measured by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy as a weighted score of very low density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and HDL particle sizes, and their subsets concentrations...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727758/longevity-effect-of-a-polysaccharide-from-chlorophytum-borivilianum-on-caenorhabditis-elegans-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#2
Steve Thomas Pannakal, Sibylle Jäger, Albert Duranton, Amit Tewari, Subarna Saha, Aneesha Radhakrishnan, Nita Roy, Jean François Kuntz, Soraya Fermas, Darryl James, Jane Mellor, Namita Misra, Lionel Breton
The traditional Indian medicine, Ayurveda, provides insights and practical solutions towards a healthy life style. Rasayana is a branch of Ayurveda known for preserving and promoting health, enhancing the quality of life and delaying the aging process. In the traditional knowledge, the Rasayana herb, Chlorophytum borivilianum (C. borivilanum) is regarded as a general health promoting tonic that delays aging and increases lifespan, cognitive function and physical strength. Aging is a complex and multifactorial physiological phenomenon that manifests itself over a wide range of biological systems, tissues, and functions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725327/prevalence-of-undiagnosed-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-adults-aged-20-40-a-cross-sectional-study-in-2016-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#3
Faisal Saed Alharthi, Jamilah Saad Alrahimi, Abdulrahman Ali Alotaibi, Daniah Ahmed Alhamdi, Bashair Mohammed Ibrahim, Yasmina Aymen Badeeb
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the first leading cause of death worldwide. In Saudi Arabia, CVDs are the major killers with a mortality rate of 46%. CVD risk factors are not exclusive to old populations. Thus, the purpose of this study was to approximately find the prevalence of these risk factors, particularly high blood pressure (HBP), high blood glucose (HBG), obesity, and smoking. METHODS: This cross-sectional was conducted in May 2016 and took place in the Ambulatory Care Center of King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah...
June 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715595/lifestyle-physical-activity-and-cognitive-functions-the-impact-on-the-scores-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca
#4
A Innocenti, D M Cammisuli, D Sgromo, F Franzoni, J Fusi, F Galetta, C Pruneti
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a rapid screening tool, including subtests to assess several cognitive domains, developed to detect MCI from normal ageing cognitive changes. Several validation and normative studies have conducted around the world considering the influences of age and education on the MoCA score, but none takes into account the lifestyle and habits. However, lifestyles, and particularly physical activity (PA) have been positively associated with both physical and mental health in elderly...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709960/eating-behavior-style-predicts-craving-and-anxiety-experienced-in-food-related-virtual-environments-by-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#5
Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Antonios Dakanalis, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Isabel Sánchez, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado
Eating behavior style (emotional, restrictive, or external) has been proposed as an explanation for the differences in response to food-related cues between people who overeat and those who do not, and has been also considered a target for the treatment of eating disorders (EDs) characterized by lack of control over eating and weight-related (overweight/obesity) conditions. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating behavior style and psychophysiological responses (self-reported food craving and anxiety) to food-related virtual reality (VR) environments in outpatients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) and to compare them with healthy participants...
July 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700041/association-between-resilience-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-brazilian-victims-of-urban-violence-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#6
Stefania Pigatto Teche, Alcina Juliana Soares Barros, Regis Goulart Rosa, Luciano Pinto Guimarães, Kariny Larissa Cordini, Julia Domingues Goi, Simone Hauck, Lucia Helena Freitas
Introduction: This study investigated the association between resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Brazilian victims of urban violence. It also compared defense mechanisms, parental bonding, and childhood trauma between those who developed PTSD and those who did not. Methods: This cross-sectional case-control study included 66 adult subjects exposed to recent urban violence in southern Brazil - 33 with PTSD and 33 healthy controls matched by sex and age - who were administered the Resilience Scale, Defense Style Questionnaire, Parental Bonding Instrument, and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690602/geography-ethnicity-or-subsistence-specific-variations-in-human-microbiome-composition-and-diversity
#7
REVIEW
Vinod K Gupta, Sandip Paul, Chitra Dutta
One of the fundamental issues in the microbiome research is characterization of the healthy human microbiota. Recent studies have elucidated substantial divergences in the microbiome structure between healthy individuals from different race and ethnicity. This review provides a comprehensive account of such geography, ethnicity or life-style-specific variations in healthy microbiome at five major body habitats-Gut, Oral-cavity, Respiratory Tract, Skin, and Urogenital Tract (UGT). The review focuses on the general trend in the human microbiome evolution-a gradual transition in the gross compositional structure along with a continual decrease in diversity of the microbiome, especially of the gut microbiome, as the human populations passed through three stages of subsistence like foraging, rural farming and industrialized urban western life...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683811/the-prevalence-of-impaired-fasting-glucose-and-undiagnosed-diabetes-mellitus-and-associated-risk-factors-among-adults-living-in-a-rural-koladiba-town-northwest-ethiopia
#8
Abebaw Worede, Shitaye Alemu, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Molla Abebe
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is becoming a big public health challenge, particularly in developing countries like Ethiopia. It is a manageable disease if early screening and follow up is made. However, as studies in Ethiopia are limited and unorganized, determining the magnitude of prediabetes and diabetes and identifying associated risk factors is quite essential. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted from February to April 2015 among adults (aged ≥20 years) in a rural Koladiba town...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677522/population-engagement-and-consultation-at-the-local-level-thailand-experience
#9
Weerasak Putthasri, Nanoot Mathurapote, Orapan Srisookwattana
The World Health Organization handbook on Strategizing National Health in the 21st Century has emphasized the importance of the process of population consultation on needs and expectations. According to Thailand National Health Act 2007, three innovative social tools for participatory healthy public policy process were proposed, i.e., health assembly, health impact assessment and health system statute (charter). In practice, population consultation process is required in the process of the tools implementation...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676037/challenges-and-outcomes-of-haemodialysis-among-patients-presenting-with-kidney-diseases-in-dodoma-tanzania
#10
Alfred J Meremo, David P Ngilangwa, Masumbuko Y Mwashambwa, Matobogolo B Masalu, Janet Kapinga, Rehema Tagalile, Issa Sabi
BACKGROUND: Kidney Diseases contribute a significant proportion to the global burden of non-communicable diseases. Haemodialysis services as the main modality of renal replacement therapy in most resource limited countries is only available in few cities and at higher costs. The aim of this study was to determine the challenges and outcomes of patients who were on haemodialysis at the University of Dodoma (UDOM) haemodialysis unit in Tanzania. METHODS: In this retrospective study; we reviewed haemodialysis registers and charts of 116 patients dialyzed from January 2013 to June 2015 at The UDOM haemodialysis unit...
July 4, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674841/a-novel-smartphone-accelerometer-application-for-low-intensity-activity-and-energy-expenditure-estimations-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#11
Sylvie Rousset, Romain Guidoux, Ludivine Paris, Nicolas Farigon, Magalie Miolanne, Clément Lahaye, Martine Duclos, Yves Boirie, Damien Saboul
Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviors are on the rise worldwide and contribute to the current overweight and obesity scourge. The loss of healthy life style benchmarks and the lack of the need to move make it necessary to provide feedback about physical and sedentary activities in order to promote active ways of life. The aim of this study was to develop a specific function adapted to overweight and obese people to identify four physical activity (PA) categories and to estimate the associated total energy expenditure (TEE)...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664697/variations-in-physical-activity-of-male-and-female-students-from-the-ukraine-in-health-promoting-life-style
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Józef Bergier, Barbara Bergier, Anatolii Tsos
[b]Introduction. [/b]A large-scale research was performed concerning issues relating to physical activity as an important factor in a healthy lifestyle and involved observing the differences among males and females as future elites of the Ukraine. [b]Objective. [/b]The objective of the research is to assess the physical activity of students from the Ukraine, considering such factors as: gender, leisure time, time spent sitting, sports performed or intended to be performed, and the BMI. [b]Materials and method...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647714/the-burden-of-multiple-sclerosis-and-patients-coping-strategies
#13
Lorena Lorefice, Giuseppe Fenu, Jessica Frau, Giancarlo Coghe, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Eleonora Cocco
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that mainly affects young people. Patients with MS experience several emotional responses to changed perceptions of themselves and manage this situation in ways focused on controlling the overall burden of disease. This present study aimed to evaluate differences between patients with MS and healthy controls (HCs) in coping styles, identifying the MS clinical features that influence adaptive responses. METHODS: Patients with MS, according to the McDonald 2010 criteria, and HCs were recruited...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646832/diet-for-women-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#14
Diana Wasiluk, Lucyna Ostrowska, Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Janke, Grażyna Jurkowska
Background: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is one of the most frequent digestive system diseases, of various medical signs. It is assumed that proper life style, including appropriate, rational diet is a factor helpful for treating such a disorder. Objective: The purpose of this paper was to assess the selected dietary habits, and to evaluate the nutritional value of daily food rations for patients with a mixed type of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Material and Methods: The questionnaire survey involved a group of 32 women suffering from a mixed type of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (The Rome III Diagnostic Criteria were used to diagnose the disease)...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640118/high-normotension-is-associated-with-future-metabolic-syndrome-but-not-cardiovascular-disease-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#15
Yen-Lin Chen, Chun-Hsien Hsu, Chang-Hsun Hsieh, Chung-Ze Wu, Jiunn-Diann Lin, Jin-Biou Chang, Yao-Jen Liang, Yi-Ting Tsai, Te-Lin Hsia, Dee Pei
Hypertension and prehypertension can increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. However, whether the harmful effects of high blood pressure (BP) are also seen with high normotension remains unknown. This 10-year longitudinal follow-up study aimed to investigate the relationships among normal-range BP, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and CVD.A total of 9133 nonmedicated normotensive participants, 4634 males and 4499 females, aged 60 years or older were enrolled in a standard health examination program at 2 academic hospitals and a health screening center in Taiwan...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624982/towards-ageing-well-use-it-or-lose-it-exercise-epigenetics-and-cognition
#16
Irene Maeve Rea
More and more people are living into the 90s or becoming centenarians. But, the gift of increased 'age span' seldom equates with an improved 'health-span'. Governments across the world are expressing concern about the epidemic of chronic disease, and have responded by initiating policies that make prevention, reduction and treatment of chronic disease, a public health priority. But understanding, how to age long and well, with the avoidance of chronic disease and later life complex disease morbidity is challenging...
June 17, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623106/the-role-of-physiotherapy-in-patients-undergoing-pulmonary-surgery-for-lung-cancer-a-literature-review
#17
F Kendall, P Abreu, P Pinho, J Oliveira, P Bastos
This review aims to appraise the role of physiotherapy care in patients submitted to pulmonary surgery, in preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative phases. Pulmonary surgery is the gold standard treatment for patients with lung cancer if it is completely resectable. However, the major impairments and complications induced by surgery are well known. Physiotherapy has been regularly used both in the preparation of the surgical candidates; in their functional recovery in the immediate postoperative period, and in the medium/long term but there is a lack of concise evidence-based recommendations...
June 13, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601928/association-of-islamic-prayer-with-psychological-stability-in-bosnian-war-veterans
#18
Izet Pajević, Osman Sinanović, Mevludin Hasanović
To compare the outcomes among war veterans who pray/do not pray and who were not suffering mental disorders after the Bosnia-Herzegovina war (1992-95). The sample consists of 100 healthy Bosnian war veterans divided in two equal groups-one, a highly religious group inside which were individuals who perform five obligatory prayers every day, and another group of individuals who do not practice any daily prayer. We used Minnesota Multiphase Personal Inventory (MMPI), Profile Index of Emotions (PIE) and Life Style Questionnaire (LSQ)...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586603/evaluating-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-through-bone-mass-density
#19
Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Asif Khaliq, Ashar Mahmood
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a bone disorder, characterized by loss of bone mass density. Osteoporosis affects more than 30% of post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis is often associated with restricted body movement, pain and joint deformities. Early identification and early intervention can help in reducing these complications. The primary objective of this study was to estimate the burden of Osteoporosis in Urban setting of Sindh among women of different age groups and to access the effect of different protective measures that can reduce the risk of Osteoporosis...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572983/childhood-overweight-obesity-and-associated-factors-among-primary-school-children-in-dire-dawa-eastern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Assefa Desalew, Alemnesh Mandesh, Agumasie Semahegn
BACKGROUND: Obesity in children is increasing worldwide. Malnutrition has become a double burden challenge of public health concern in developing countries. Childhood obesity increases the risk of chronic disease in childhood as well as adulthood. However, information is very scarce about childhood obesity in developing countries specifically in Ethiopia. Therefore, we aimed to assess childhood overweight, obesity and associated factors among primary school children at Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia...
2017: BMC Obesity
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