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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241286/-humor-in-medicine-the-art-of-leaping-over-the-shadows
#1
Barbara Wild
Humor and laughter are integral parts of human life and communication - and so of course they occur in medical contacts.Humor is defined as a personality based cognitive emotional style of processing situations, characterized by the ability to find positive aspects even in negative situations, and the ability to communicate this point of view to others and to cheer them up. Humor can support healing processes and coping with illness. Humor and jokes reduce anxiety and stress (for patients and doctors). Humorous people have a more realistic, flexible and less fearful behaviour...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238692/migraine-related-vertigo
#2
Vithal D Udagatti, Rajendran Dinesh Kumar
Migraine related vertigo (MRV) is largely accepted in the vestibular community and probably represents the second most common cause of vertigo after benign positional vertigo by far exceeding Meniere's disease. The data on vestibular migraine management is still relatively poor, despite its enormous importance in daily practice. A 55-year old male presented with history of giddiness, imbalance, sweating and sensation of nausea with severe pulsating headache of one day duration. Ear, Nose and Throat examination was normal...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234919/-soft-skills-somewhat-different-doping
#3
REVIEW
H J Heppner
Doping actually means the taking of illegal substances or the use of forbidden methods to increase or maintain performance. Diseases associated with age and functional decline can lead to constraints in the activities of daily living and this leads to loss of autonomy; therefore, doping in its different variations is used to try to achieve performance, which would not otherwise be possible. A somewhat different method is soft skills, i.e. personal, social and methodological competences, which are adopted to remain fit with the help of selection and compensation...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218067/perceived-age-and-life-style-the-specific-contributions-of-seven-factors-involved-in-health-and-beauty
#4
Victor Gabriel Clatici, Daniel Racoceanu, Claude Dalle, Cristiana Voicu, Lucia Tomas-Aragones, Servando E Marron, Uwe Wollina, Simona Fica
OBJECTIVES: The skin is a dynamic, visible organ, showing the most obvious signs of aging. The mechanisms of extrinsic aging, most of them presented in this paper, are currently well known and also the only ones that can be counteracted. Therefore, the transition of this knowledge in the general population is of the most importance, in order to introduce healthy aging strategies, to prevent the development of chronic or malignant diseases and psychological burden related to old age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A thorough review of the literature has been performed in order to identify the main factors involved in skin health and aging...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215971/a-mediterranean-style-dietary-intervention-supplemented-with-fish-oil-improves-diet-quality-and-mental-health-in-people-with-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial-helfimed
#5
Natalie Parletta, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Jihyun Cho, Amy Wilson, Svetlana Bogomolova, Anthony Villani, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Theo Niyonsenga, Sarah Blunden, Barbara Meyer, Leonie Segal, Bernhard T Baune, Kerin O'Dea
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether a Mediterranean-style diet (MedDiet) supplemented with fish oil can improve mental health in adults suffering depression. METHODS: Adults with self-reported depression were randomized to receive fortnightly food hampers and MedDiet cooking workshops for 3 months and fish oil supplements for 6 months, or attend social groups fortnightly for 3 months. Assessments at baseline, 3 and 6 months included mental health, quality of life (QoL) and dietary questionnaires, and blood samples for erythrocyte fatty acid analysis...
December 7, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213038/-an-influence-of-interictal-anxiety-on-coping-and-self-control-strategies-for-epileptic-seizures-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#6
O V Vorobyova, Yu I Stadniuk
AIM: A comparative analysis of coping and self-control strategies for epileptic seizures in temporal lobe epilepsy patients with and without interictal anxiety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Authors evaluated interictal anxiety (IA) with HADS, strategies for seizure control with CBES-SC, coping-style with BriefCOPE scale and quality of life with QOLIE-31-P scale in 45 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The control group consisted of 86 healthy individuals. RESULTS: In 35% of patients with TLE, the anxiety (HADS) was higher compared to the normal level...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206878/predictors-of-mercury-lead-cadmium-and-antimony-status-in-norwegian-never-pregnant-women-of-fertile-age
#7
Christina Herland Fløtre, Kristin Varsi, Thea Helm, Bjørn Bolann, Anne-Lise Bjørke-Monsen
BACKGROUND: The toxic trace elements mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and antimony (Sb) are transferred over the placenta to the fetus and secreted into the breastmilk. All four elements bioaccumulate in the body and as maternal age at delivery is increasing in industrialized countries, the burden of toxic trace elements in never-pregnant women of fertile age is of concern. METHODS: Healthy, never-pregnant women aged 18 to 40 years (n = 158) were recruited between June 2012 and March 2015 in Bergen, Norway...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201967/elite-dental-students-a-cross-sectional-study-on-different-aspects-of-their-life-style
#8
Abdolhamid Zafarmand, Maryam Asvar
Statement of the Problem: Lifestyle has a key role in having a life with quality. This is much more critical in academic community. Elite students are the scientific capital of each community; therefore, improvement of their life-style is a very crucial issue and is a way of esteeming them. Purpose: This study was aimed to scrutinize the life-style of elite dental students to provide a guideline for healthy life-style for their own and for other students, as well...
December 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195191/self-disturbances-cognitive-biases-and-insecure-attachment-as-mechanisms-of-the-relationship-between-traumatic-life-events-and-psychotic-like-experiences-in-non-clinical-adults-a-path-analysis
#9
Łukasz Gawęda, Renata Pionke, Martyna Krężołek, Katarzyna Prochwicz, Joanna Kłosowska, Dorota Frydecka, Błażej Misiak, Kamila Kotowicz, Agnieszka Samochowiec, Monika Mak, Piotr Błądziński, Andrzej Cechnicki, Barnaby Nelson
Although traumatic life events have been linked to psychotic-like experiences, the mechanisms of the relationship remain unclear. We investigated whether insecure (anxious and avoidant) attachment styles, cognitive biases and self-disturbances serve as significant mediators in the relationship between traumatic life events and psychotic-like experiences in non-clinical sample. Six-hundred and ninety healthy participants (522 females) who have not ever been diagnosed with psychiatric disorders took part in the study...
November 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167050/insecure-attachment-style-and-cumulative-traumatic-life-events-in-patients-with-somatoform-pain-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yeliz Nacak, Eva Morawa, Daniela Tuffner, Yesim Erim
OBJECTIVE: Current models assume somatoform pain disorder (SPD) to be the result of a complex interaction between bio- and psychosocial factors, but the etiology is still not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the distribution of attachment style and the frequency of traumatic life events, especially childhood adversities, in patients with SPD compared to healthy controls. METHODS: We compared 65 patients with SPD (confirmed by Structured Clinical Interview, SCID-I) to 65 age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136746/-study-on-handgrip-strength-of-elderly-%C3%A2-60-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#11
L Q Su, Z X Yin, X C Wang, Y B Lyu, W H Shi, J Zhang, J S Luo, X M Shi
Objective: To assess the status of handgrip strength of elderly population from longevity areas in China, and to analyze the correlative factors of handgrip strength of elderly people. Methods: Data from Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) in 2012 was used, from which1 967 participants aged ≥60 years old with valid data of grip strength value from 8 Chinese longevity areas were included. Information on demographics characteristic, life style and health status was collected using questionnaires...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126396/feasibility-of-structured-endurance-training-and-mediterranean-diet-in-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers-an-interventional-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial-libre-1
#12
Marion Kiechle, Ricarda Dukatz, Maryam Yahiaoui-Doktor, Anika Berling, Maryam Basrai, Vera Staiger, Uwe Niederberger, Nicole Marter, Jacqueline Lammert, Sabine Grill, Katharina Pfeifer, Kerstin Rhiem, Rita K Schmutzler, Matthias Laudes, Michael Siniatchkin, Martin Halle, Stephan C Bischoff, Christoph Engel
BACKGROUND: Women with pathogenic BRCA germline mutations have an increased risk for breast and ovarian cancer that seems to be modified by life-style factors. Though, randomized trials investigating the impact of lifestyle interventions on cancer prevention and prognosis in BRCA carriers are still missing. METHODS: We implemented a multicenter, prospective randomized controlled trial in BRCA1/2 patients, comparing a lifestyle intervention group (IG) with a control group (CG) with the primary aim to prove feasibility...
November 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117472/text-messaging-approach-improves-weight-loss-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-study
#13
Page Axley, Sudha Kodali, Yong-Fang Kuo, Sujan Ravi, Toni Seay, Nina M Parikh, Ashwani K Singal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as the most common liver disease. The only effective treatment is 7-10% weight loss. Mobile technology is increasingly used in weight management. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of text messaging intervention on weight loss in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: 30 well-defined NAFLD patients (mean age 52 yrs., 67% females, mean BMI 38) were randomized 1:1 to control group: counseling on healthy diet and exercise, or intervention group: text messages in addition to healthy life style counseling...
November 8, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064029/the-portal-hypertension-syndrome-etiology-classification-relevance-and-animal-models
#14
REVIEW
Jaime Bosch, Yasuko Iwakiri
BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension is a key complication of portal hypertension, which is responsible for the development of varices, ascites, bleeding, and hepatic encephalopathy, which, in turn, cause a high mortality and requirement for liver transplantation. AIM: This review deals with the present day state-of-the-art preventative treatments of portal hypertension in cirrhosis according to disease stage. Two main disease stages are considered, compensated and decompensated cirrhosis, the first having good prognosis and being mostly asymptomatic, and the second being heralded by the appearance of bleeding or non-bleeding complications of portal hypertension...
October 24, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058982/a-comparative-study-of-negative-life-events-and-depressive-symptoms-among-healthy-older-adults-and-older-adults-with-chronic-disease
#15
Han Zhang, Tingting Gao, Jinglei Gao, Yixi Kong, Yueyang Hu, Ruimei Wang, Songli Mei
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to study internal relations and functionary mechanism between social support, coping style, negative life events and depressive symptoms and compare these relations in healthy older adults and older adults with chronic disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015. In total, 1,264 older adults with chronic disease and 749 healthy older adults participated in this investigation which consist of socio-demographic characters, negative life events, social support, coping style and depressive symptoms...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055387/the-colon-revisited-or-the-key-to-wellness-health-and-disease
#16
C A Gonzalez-Correa, E Mulett-Vásquez, D A Miranda, C H Gonzalez-Correa, P A Gómez-Buitrago
The hypothesis being advanced in this paper is that there is a new medical paradigm emerging from the biomedical research carried out in this century, mainly due to the explosion of the so called "omics" and associated techniques. The main idea is that there is a common pathway from wellbeing and health to chronic disease ("chronopathy") and even to death, which comprises following steps: 1) unhealthy diet, sedentary life style and permanent exposition to xenobiotics and all kinds of noxious stimuli;→2) intestinal dysbiosis;→3) alteration of the intestinal mucus layer (especially that of the colon);→4) disruption of the endothelial tight junctions;→5) metabolic endotoxemia+bacterial translocation;→6) inflammation;→7) exacerbation of the enteric nervous system (ENS) and consequent maladaptation and malfunctioning of the colon;→8) epigenetic manifestations;→9) "chronopathy" and premature death...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038723/survey-of-awareness-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-arar-population-northern-border-region-of-saudi-arabia
#17
Aseel Menwer Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Hanan Khalid Alotaibi, Khalid Ayed Alanazi, Banan Khalid Alotaibi, Sultan Majed Alshammari, Saud Rteamy Alanazi, Meshari Dalaf Alhazmi, Yousef Talal Alshammari, Zaid Qati Alshammari
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most widely prevalent diseases in Saudi Arabia. Health education is considered an essential component to improve knowledge and change behavior. People affected by diabetes often have inadequate knowledge about the nature of diabetes, its risk factors and associated complication. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of the Arar population with various aspects of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Arar city, the capital of the Northern Province of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035067/executive-functioning-in-relation-to-coping-in-mild-versus-moderate-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Sandra E Rakers, Myrthe E Scheenen, Herma J Westerhof-Evers, Myrthe E de Koning, Harm J van der Horn, Joukje van der Naalt, Jacoba M Spikman
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between executive functioning (EF) and coping styles, separately for mild and moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the chronic phase postinjury. METHOD: Patients with mild (n = 47) and moderate-severe TBI (n = 59) were included, in addition to healthy controls (HCs; n = 51). Assessment consisted of EF tests (Trail Making Test, Zoo Map Test, Controlled Oral Word Association Test) and questionnaires examining EF (Dysexecutive Questionnaire) and coping styles (Utrecht Coping List)...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019323/diet-physical-activity-marital-status-and-risk-of-cancer-a-case-control-study-of-adults-from-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#19
Eyad Fawzi AlSaeed, Mutahir A Tunio
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the dietary habits, engagement in various sports, smoking habits, marital status and other demographic characteristics, between cancer patients and healthy adults (control) at our institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 500 participants (237 cancer patients and 263 healthy adults). A well-structured questionnaire was given to these participants regarding the life style, dietary habits, and marital status through interviews...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991920/health-related-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-coping-strategies-for-chikungunya-a-qualitative-study-in-cura%C3%A3-ao
#20
Jelte Elsinga, Martin P Grobusch, Adriana Tami, Izzy Gerstenbluth, Ajay Bailey
INTRODUCTION: Chikungunya is an emerging public health problem in tropical and subtropical regions, due to ongoing transmission and its incapacitating acute disease phase, and chronic sequelae. The disease is responsible for a major impact on Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), which may last several years. To our knowledge, this study is the first qualitative examination of HRQoL and coping strategies of chikungunya-infected individuals. METHODS: Qualitative research methods consisted of 20 in-depth interviews and seven Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), n = 50...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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