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Dietary habits

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036177/dietary-patterns-in-internal-migrants-in-a-continental-country-a-population-based-study
#1
Antonio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Bartira Gorgulho, Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the differences and similarities in dietary patterns among migrants and natives. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of São Paulo. The study population included internal migrants, defined as individuals born outside São Paulo city who had lived in the city for ten years or longer. The final population (n = 999) was divided into three groups: natives of São Paulo (n = 354), migrants from the Southeast (n = 349) and migrants from the Northeast (n = 296)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032963/exploring-sex-differences-in-diets-and-activity-patterns-through-dental-and-skeletal-studies-in-populations-from-ancient-corinth-greece
#2
D E Michael, C Eliopoulos, S K Manolis
Sex and temporal differences are assessed in relation to dietary habits and activity patterns in three ancient populations from Corinth, Greece. The skeletal sample spans time from the Geometric to the Early Byzantine Period (9th c. BCE-5th c. CE). Dental caries and tooth wear have been proven to be reliable dietary indicators. Similarly, spinal osteoarthritis, spinal facet remodeling and Schmorl's nodes, have been used to infer activity patterns.
September 15, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032525/determinants-of-serum-organochlorine-pesticide-and-polychlorinated-biphenyl-levels-in-middle-aged-korean-adults
#3
Jun-Tae Kim, Jung-Ho Kang, Yoon-Seok Chang, Duk-Hee Lee, Sung-Deuk Choi
The serum levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in a middle-aged Korean population and investigated associations with age, gender, body mass index (BMI), metabolic syndrome (MS), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and dietary habits. The median concentrations of 22 OCPs and 34 PCBs in the serum samples were 483 and 216 ng g(-1) lipid, respectively. The most abundant compound was p,p'-DDE, followed by PCB 153, β-HCH, PCB 118, and PCB 180. The results of multiple linear regression and other statistical analyses revealed that serum OCP and PCB levels were higher in women and were positively correlated with age...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032502/gut-microbiota-changes-in-the-extreme-decades-of-human-life-a-focus-on-centenarians
#4
REVIEW
Aurelia Santoro, Rita Ostan, Marco Candela, Elena Biagi, Patrizia Brigidi, Miriam Capri, Claudio Franceschi
The gut microbiota (GM) is a complex, evolutionarily molded ecological system, which contributes to a variety of physiological functions. The GM is highly dynamic, being sensitive to environmental stimuli, and its composition changes over the host's entire lifespan. However, the basic question of how much these changes may be ascribed to variables such as population, diet, genetics and gender, and/or to the aging process per se is still largely unanswered. We argue that comparison among studies on centenarians-the best model of healthy aging and longevity-recruited from different geographical areas/populations (different genetics and dietary habits) can help to disentangle the contribution of aging and non-aging-related variables to GM remodeling with age...
October 14, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026604/transglucosidase-improves-the-bowel-movements-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-preliminary-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Akihiro Shimozato, Makoto Sasaki, Naotaka Ogasawara, Yasushi Funaki, Masahide Ebi, Chiho Goto, Satoshi Koikeda, Takashi Joh, Kunio Kasugai
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have highlighted the relationship between gut microbiota and bowel movements. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate transglucosidase treatment efficacy for bowel movements in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to clarify the relationship between bowel movements, dietary habits, gut microbiota and fecal short-chain fatty acids. METHODS: In this randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 66 patients received placebo or transglucosidase (300 or 900 mg/day) orally, for 12 weeks...
October 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023740/surveillance-and-monitoring-of-oral-health-in-elderly-people
#6
Hideo Miyazaki, Judith A Jones, Eugenio D Beltrán-Aguilar
Continued ageing of the global population is expected to pose significant challenges to maintaining optimum lifelong health in individuals and populations. Oral health is an essential element of general health and quality of life throughout an individual's life course, yet it is often neglected in integrated approaches to general health promotion. Surveillance and monitoring systems are essential for developing oral health policy and strategy at both national and community levels. As major oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal diseases are core indicators for surveillance at every stage of life...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022562/ketogenic-diet-in-endocrine-disorders-current-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
L Gupta, D Khandelwal, S Kalra, P Gupta, D Dutta, S Aggarwal
Ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that leads to nutritional ketosis, long known for antiepileptic effects and has been used therapeutically to treat refractory epilepsy. This review attempts to summarize the evidence and clinical application of KD in diabetes, obesity, and other endocrine disorders. KD is usually animal protein based. An empiric vegetarian Indian variant of KD has been provided keeping in mind the Indian food habits. KD has beneficial effects on cardiac ischemic preconditioning, improves oxygenation in patients with respiratory failure, improves glycemic control in diabetics, is associated with significant weight loss, and has a beneficial impact on polycystic ovarian syndrome...
October 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021948/the-association-between-distance-to-public-amenities-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-lower-income-singaporeans
#8
K K Lim, Y H Kwan, C S Tan, L L Low, A P Chua, W Y Lee, L Pang, H Y Tay, S Y Chan, T Ostbye
Existing evidence on the association between built environment and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors focused on the general population, which may not generalize to higher risk subgroups such as those with lower socio-economic status (SES). We examined the associations between distance to 5 public amenities from residential housing (public polyclinic, subsidized private clinic, healthier eatery, public park and train station) and 12 CVD risk factors (physical inactivity, medical histories and unhealthy dietary habits) among a study sample of low income Singaporeans aged ≥ 40 years (N = 1972)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020158/modeling-risk-factor-trajectories-when-measurement-tools-change-sequentially-during-follow-up-in-cohort-studies-application-to-dietary-habits-in-prodromal-dementia
#9
Maude Wagner, Jean-François Dartigues, Cécilia Samieri, Cécile Proust-Lima
Modeling risk factor trajectories is critical to understand the natural history of diseases; yet, the measurement tools used to assess risk factors often evolve during follow-up in cohorts and such change prevents longitudinal analyses using standard models. The authors propose to address this issue with a Latent Process Model. Trajectories of average intakes of five food families (Fish, Meat, Fruits, Vegetables, Carbohydrate-rich foods) were described in prodromal dementia during the 10 years prior to diagnosis of cases and compared to those of controls, using a case-control sample nested within the Three-City Study, Bordeaux, France (1999-2012)...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019323/diet-physical-activity-marital-status-and-risk-of-cancer-a-case-control-study-of-adults-from-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#10
Eyad Fawzi AlSaeed, Mutahir A Tunio
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the dietary habits, engagement in various sports, smoking habits, marital status and other demographic characteristics, between cancer patients and healthy adults (control) at our institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 500 participants (237 cancer patients and 263 healthy adults). A well-structured questionnaire was given to these participants regarding the life style, dietary habits, and marital status through interviews...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018983/nutritional-habits-risk-and-progression-of-parkinson-disease
#11
REVIEW
Roberto Erro, Francesco Brigo, Stefano Tamburin, Mauro Zamboni, Angelo Antonini, Michele Tinazzi
Parkinson disease (PD) is a multifactorial disease, where a genetic predisposition combines with putative environmental risk factors. Mounting evidence suggests that the initial PD pathological manifestations may be located in the gut to subsequently affect brain areas. Moreover, several lines of research demonstrated that there are bidirectional connections between the central nervous system and the gut, the "gut-brain axis" that influences both brain and gastrointestinal function. This opens a potential therapeutic window suggesting that specific dietary strategies may interact with the disease process and influence the risk of PD or modify its course...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017845/the-relationship-between-dentine-hypersensitivity-dietary-acid-intake-and-erosive-tooth-wear
#12
Saoirse O'Toole, David Bartlett
OBJECTIVES: To assess the interplay between dietary acid intake, toothbrushing and erosive tooth wear as aetiological factors in self-reported DH MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis on previously collected data from 600 participants with (n=300) and without (n=300) severe erosive tooth wear. Participants recruited from restorative clinics of King's College London Dental Institute (REC Ref 14/EM/1171) were questioned on their self-reported DH, frequency and timing of dietary acid intake, habits associated with consumption of dietary acids and tooth brushing habits...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993381/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-fewer-than-20-remaining-teeth-in-taiwanese-adults-with-disabilities-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Mei-Yu Pan, Tsung-Cheng Hsieh, Hung-Cheng Tai, Ming-Shyan Lin, Yu-Chen Lin, Mei-Yen Chen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of and the factors associated with a number of remaining teeth (NRT) <20 among adults with disabilities. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING: This study was part of a health promotion programme designed for community-dwelling adults with disabilities. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 549 adults with disabilities, aged 20-80 years, living in the community in Chiayi County in Taiwan...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991380/dental-microwear-textural-analysis-as-an-analytical-tool-to-depict-individual-traits-and-reconstruct-the-diet-of-a-primate
#14
Alice M Percher, Gildas Merceron, Gontran Nsi Akoue, Jordi Galbany, Alejandro Romero, Marie Je Charpentier
OBJECTIVES: Dental microwear is a promising tool to reconstruct animals' diet because it reflects the interplay between the enamel surface and the food items recently consumed. This study examines the sources of inter-individual variations in dietary habits in a free-ranging population of mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) using a combination of feeding monitoring and in vivo dental microwear textural analysis (DMTA). METHODS: We investigated the impact of seasonality and individual traits on four DMTA parameters...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990666/updating-the-research-on-the-chemopreventive-and-therapeutic-role-of-peptide-lunasin
#15
REVIEW
Chia-Chien Hsieh, Cristina Martínez-Villaluenga, Ben O de Lumen, Blanca Hernández-Ledesma
Chronic diseases have become the medical challenge of the 21st century because of their high incidence and mortality rates. Modulation of diet and lifestyle habits is considered as the best strategy for the prevention of these disorders. Health promoting benefits beyond their nutritional effects have been described for multiple dietary compounds. Among these compounds, peptide lunasin is considered as one of the most promising. Naturally present in soybean, lunasin has been extensively studied in the last two decades because of its potential against chronic diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular and immunological disorders...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990017/associations-between-patients-understanding-of-periodontal-disease-treatment-compliance-and-disease-status
#16
Benjamin Hughes, Giseon Heo, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between patients' understanding of periodontal disease, their individual compliance to homecare, self-reported periodontal disease, and how they have been educated regarding their oral health. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A cross-sectional study was performed by distributing questionnaires to patients at the University of Alberta Dental Clinic. A survey consisting of 45 questions was constructed in order to quantify patients' understanding of periodontal disease (section 1), where they received their information, how often they have been instructed by dental practitioners, their homecare habits (section 2), and their self-reported periodontal status (section 3)...
October 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989872/current-indicators-of-nutritional-care-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-in-india-do-we-need-a-national-nutritional-guideline
#17
Sanjay Kalra, Ashok Kumar Das, P Raghupathy, Subhankar Chowdhury, Banshi D Saboo, P Dinakaran, Shuchy Chugh
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is an important pillar of management in children with type 1 diabetes. Indian food is heavily influenced by region, religion, traditions, seasons, and cultural choices. This survey was done to assess current practices and the need for India specific nutritional guidelines for children with type 1 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two 12-item questionnaires were administered to forty health-care professionals across India. The first questionnaire evaluated current clinical practice indicators for nutrition in these children and second assessed practices for counseling a child on dietary habits...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989739/prey-selection-and-dietary-flexibility-of-three-species-of-mammalian-predator-during-an-irruption-of-non-cyclic-prey
#18
Emma E Spencer, Thomas M Newsome, Christopher R Dickman
Predators often display dietary shifts in response to fluctuating prey in cyclic systems, but little is known about predator diets in systems that experience non-cyclic prey irruptions. We tracked dietary shifts by feral cats (Felis catus), red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and dingoes (Canis dingo) through a non-cyclic irruption of small mammalian prey in the Simpson Desert, central Australia. We predicted that all three predators would alter their diets to varying degrees as small mammals declined post irruption, and to test our predictions we live-trapped small mammals through the irruption event and collected scats to track predator diets...
September 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989127/relationship-of-body-mass-index-with-diet-physical-activities-and-lifestyles-of-dental-students
#19
Syed R Habib, Sakhar Alghofaily, Hussam Alshamrani, Abdullah Alhammad, Kamran Habib Awan
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight issues and obesity by recording the body mass index (BMI) and explore the dietary habits, physical activities (PAs), and lifestyles of male students at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A custom-designed self-administrative form and questionnaire were used in this study for data collection. The first part of the form was used to record the participants' height and weight for the BMI...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988315/serum-gamma-glutamyltransferase-is-inversely-associated-with-dietary-total-and-coffee-derived-polyphenol-intakes-in-apparently-healthy-japanese-men
#20
Chie Taguchi, Yoshimi Kishimoto, Kazuo Kondo, Kazushige Tohyama, Toshinao Goda
PURPOSE: Serum γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) has been proposed as a marker of oxidative stress. Here, we examined the association between serum GGT and the dietary intake of polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey including 7960 apparently healthy Japanese men (aged 22-86 years) who participated in health checkups was conducted in Shizuoka, Japan. We analyzed these subjects' clinical serum parameters and lifestyle factors, including dietary polyphenol intake, which was evaluated by a self-administered questionnaire and by matching the subjects' food consumption data with our original polyphenol content database...
October 7, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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