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Dietary habits

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244794/health-implications-of-dietary-habits-in-transition-countries-a-life-course-perspective
#1
Carlo Agostoni, Marco Silano, Giovanni Fattore
Pediatric Research accepted article preview online, 15 December 2017. doi:10.1038/pr.2017.319.
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241212/serum-magnesium-abnormality-and-influencing-factors-of-serum-magnesium-level-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-single-center-study-in-northern-china
#2
Shihming Tsai, Huiping Zhao, Bei Wu, Li Zuo, Mei Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Both hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia have been associated with cardiovascular diseases, bone diseases, and mortality in dialysis patients. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of and influencing factors for abnormal serum Mg levels in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study in Peking University People's Hospital recorded the demographic information, clinical characteristics, and laboratory data. Data were assessed and compared with the results from 2 other studies in China...
December 14, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239994/effects-of-judo-training-on-bones-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Simone Ciaccioni, Giancarlo Condello, Flavia Guidotti, Laura Capranica
The aim of this study was to provide a systematic literature review on the osteogenic effects of judo (PROSPERO: CRD42016041803). The online search was conducted according to the inclusion criteria: observational studies and clinical/interventional trials in English from inception to June 2016; bone health, mineral density (BMD), diameters, impact force and turnover markers (BTM) outcomes. Thirty-four studies were included and graded for their methodological quality ("fair" quality: 79.4%). The most used assessment method (44...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239585/how-to-help-patients-adopt-and-maintain-a-healthy-lifestyle-a-review-of-behavioral-evidence-of-determinants-and-means
#4
Pilvikki Absetz, Nelli Hankonen
A significant part of the population do not follow dietary and exercise recommendations. In Current Care Guidelines, lifestyle counseling is considered as part of good medical care. Lifestyle diseases are, however, not decreasing. Does counseling fail to reach its goal, or is it being provided at all? In the narrative review article based on systematic surveys, we approach the change in lifestyle through both conscious and automatic psychosocial processes. Research evidence indicates that a change in behavior can be supported through both processes...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239243/lifestyle-changes-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-curative-or-palliative-chemotherapy-is-it-feasible
#5
Karianne Vassbakk-Brovold, Sveinung Berntsen, Liv Fegran, Henrik Lian, Odd Mjåland, Svein Mjåland, Karin Nordin, Stephen Seiler, Christian Kersten
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explore the feasibility of an individualized comprehensive lifestyle intervention in cancer patients undergoing curative or palliative chemotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: At one cancer center, serving a population of 180,000, 100 consecutive of 161 eligible newly diagnosed cancer patients starting curative or palliative chemotherapy entered a 12-month comprehensive, individualized lifestyle intervention. Participants received a grouped startup course and monthly counseling, based on self-reported and electronically evaluated lifestyle behaviors...
December 14, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237377/diet-and-brain-health-which-role-for-polyphenols
#6
Vanessa Castelli, Davide Grassi, Raffaella Bocale, Michele d'Angelo, Andrea Antonosante, Annamaria Cimini, Claudio Ferri, Giovambattista Desideri
BACKGROUND: The aging of western societies is leading to a dramatic increase in the prevalence of chronic conditions, threatening the health status and then the sustainability of our healthcare systems. In particular, dementia is being increasingly recognized as a public health priority, given its enormous socioeconomic burdens further amplified by the absence of treatments really effective in improving the clinical course of the disease. METHODS: The question of whether some degree of cognitive deterioration is an inevitable part of aging or should be considered as a pathological pre-stage of dementia is currently debated...
December 12, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234667/a-matter-of-taste-lineage-specific-loss-of-function-of-taste-receptor-genes-in-vertebrates
#7
REVIEW
Marco Antinucci, Davide Risso
Vertebrates can perceive at least five different taste qualities, each of which is thought to have a specific role in the evolution of different species. The avoidance of potentially poisonous foods, which are generally bitter or sour tasting, and the search for more nutritious ones, those with high-fat and high-sugar content, are two of the most well-known examples. The study of taste genes encoding receptors that recognize ligands triggering taste sensations has helped to reconstruct several evolutionary adaptations to dietary changes...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233806/mobile-health-technology-mdiab-for-the-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Shruti Muralidharan, Viswanathan Mohan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Sidhant Jena, Nikhil Tandon, Steven Allender, Harish Ranjani
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing in epidemic proportions in low- and middle-income countries. There is an urgent need for novel methods to tackle the increasing incidence of diabetes. The ubiquity of mobile phone use and access to Internet makes mobile health (mHealth) technology a viable tool to prevent and manage diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial is to implement and evaluate the feasibility, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of a reality television-based lifestyle intervention program...
December 12, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233206/parental-work-characteristics-and-diet-quality-among-pre-school-children-in-dual-parent-households-results-from-a-population-based-cohort-in-taiwan
#9
Jennifer Chun-Li Wu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between parental work characteristics and diet quality among pre-school children in dual-parent households. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parental work characteristics were measured by the types of combined parental work schedules and work hours. The main outcome variables included meal eating habits as well as 'health-conscious food' and 'unhealthy non-core food' dietary patterns derived by using principal component analysis...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233205/effect-of-dietary-habits-on-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-yazd-healthy-heart-project
#10
Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Masoud Mirzaei, Seyedeh Mahdieh Namayandeh, Mohammad Hossein Soltani, Mohammadreza Pakseresht, Ali Pedarzadeh, Zahra Baramesipour, Reza Faraji, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) refers to a group of risk factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Dietary habits are among the most important risk factors for MetS. The current study aimed at assessing the effect of dietary habits on the risk of MetS in a 10-year follow-up study in central Iran. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Yazd, Iran. SUBJECTS: Participants aged 20-74 years without any history of MetS, who were originally recruited for Yazd Healthy Heart Project (YHHP) during 2005-2006, were revisited during 2015-2016...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231497/-effect-and-postoperative-reactions-of-acupoint-catgut-embedding-for-prediabetes
#11
Ning Xue, Jianbin Zhang, Zhaoxin Xia, Nili Da
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect and safety of acupoint catgut embedding for prediabetes. METHODS: Eighty-six patients with prediabetes were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, 43 cases in each one. Diabetes health education was applied in the two groups. Catgut embedding was used at bilateral Pishu (BL 20), Weiwanxiashu (EX-B 3), Ganshu (BL 18), Shenshu (BL 23), and Zusanli (ST 36) in the observation group, once every 15 days for 6 times...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229988/dietary-habits-and-cooking-methods-could-reduce-avoidable-exposure-to-pcbs-in-maternal-and-cord-sera
#12
Weiwei Jin, Masae Otake, Akifumi Eguchi, Kenichi Sakurai, Hiroko Nakaoka, Masahiro Watanabe, Emiko Todaka, Chisato Mori
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), like other persistent organic pollutants, are accumulating throughout the food chain and pose health threats to humans, especially children and foetuses. There is no protocol for reducing the contamination levels of the PCBs in humans. This study identified food items and cooking methods that reduce serum PCB levels by analysing data collected from the Chiba Study of Mother and Child Health. The sample size was 194 subjects. Serum PCB levels were measured using gas chromatography-electron capture negative ionization quadrupole mass spectrometry...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228998/capturing-health-and-eating-status-through-a-nutritional-perception-screening-questionnaire-npsq9-in-a-randomised-internet-based-personalised-nutrition-intervention-the-food4me-study
#13
Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Audrey Rankin, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Marianne C Walsh, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Yannis Manios, Miroslaw Jarosz, Hannelore Daniel, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Mike Gibney, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Julie A Lovegrove, Lynn J Frewer, John C Mathers, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines emphasize healthy eating to promote wellbeing and prevention of non-communicable diseases. The perceived healthiness of food is determined by many factors affecting food intake. A positive perception of healthy eating has been shown to be associated with greater diet quality. Internet-based methodologies allow contact with large populations. Our present study aims to design and evaluate a short nutritional perception questionnaire, to be used as a screening tool for assessing nutritional status, and to predict an optimal level of personalisation in nutritional advice delivered via the Internet...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226798/long-term-effects-of-a-swedish-lifestyle-intervention-programme-on-lifestyle-habits-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-increased-cardiovascular-risk
#14
Matthias Lidin, Elin Ekblom-Bak, Monica Rydell Karlsson, Mai-Lis Hellénius
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a structured intervention programme on lifestyle habits and quality of life after six months and one year in participants with increased cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Participants aged ≥18 years with increased cardiovascular risk were referred from primary health care and hospitals. The programme was launched at an outpatient clinic in a department of cardiology at a university hospital. It consisted of individual visits to a nurse for a health check-up and lifestyle counselling at baseline, after six months and at one year...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225484/the-prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-female-university-students-in-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#15
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Osama Al-Amer
Background: Prior data on iron deficiency anemia's (IDA) prevalence and associated risk factors among female university students are scarce in the Saudi Arabian context. This study therefore recruited a sample of female students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, to investigate IDA prevalence and risk factors and fill the identified research gap. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 200 apparently healthy female students aged between 19 and 25 years was performed between February and June 2016...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225314/validity-and-reliability-of-a-general-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-japanese-adults
#16
Mai Matsumoto, Rie Tanaka, Shinji Ikemoto
Nutrition knowledge is necessary for individuals to adopt appropriate dietary habits, and needs to be evaluated before nutrition education is provided. However, there is no tool to assess general nutrition knowledge of adults in Japan. Our aims were to determine the validity and reliability of a general nutrition knowledge questionnaire for Japanese adults. We developed the pilot version of the Japanese general nutrition knowledge questionnaire (JGNKQ) and administered the pilot study to assess content validity and internal reliability to 1,182 Japanese adults aged 18-64 y...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224552/factors-influencing-the-eating-practices-of-hospital-nurses-during-their-shifts
#17
Tina Monaghan, Lauren Dinour, Doreen Liou, Melanie Shefchik
The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing hospital nurses' dietary practices during their shifts. Semistructured interviews grounded in the Social Ecological Model focused on individual, interpersonal, organizational, and public policy factors affecting intake. Responses from 20 female nurses were qualitatively coded and categorized based on common themes. Four major themes emerged: occupational characteristics, hesitation to take breaks, influence of unhealthy food, and organizational and industry policies...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224459/dietary-patterns-of-households-in-scotland-differences-by-level-of-deprivation-and-associations-with-dietary-goals
#18
S Whybrow, Lca Craig, J I Macdiarmid
BACKGROUND: Foods tend to be consumed in combinations, and dietary pattern analysis and diet-quality scores are often more appropriate methods of assessing overall diet quality than is intakes of individual foods or nutrients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary patterns from the food and drink purchases of households in Scotland, and to identify any dietary patterns that were associated with closer adherence to the Revised Dietary Goals for Scotland (RDGS)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223581/toward-new-forms-of-meal-sharing-collective-habits-and-personal-diets
#19
Estelle Masson, Sandrine Bubendorff, Christèle Fraïssé
This article sheds light on the fact that the commensality remains a fundamental aspect of eating in French culture. However, at the same time, the expansion of the individualization and medicalization of the act of eating during the latest decades impacted the social representations of food. We will first place dietary practices into a general context in which the relationship to food tends to be individualised and in which health-related issues remain an important aspect of the discourse about food on internet...
December 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219784/the-association-between-cartenoid-status-and-body-composition-in-children-2-18-years-of-age-a-systematic-review
#20
Jessica L Gust, John V Logomarsino
The aim of this review was to determine the association between carotenoid status and body composition in children 2 - 18 years of age. Obesity is often related to poor dietary habits and lower fruit and vegetable consumption in children. Fruit and vegetables are the primary sources of antioxidant-rich dietary carotenoids; decreased intake may lead to increased risk of chronic diseases. Identifying those with lower carotenoid status in childhood could be an important target for public health intervention. Research methods for the review were conducted using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) checklist and the Central Michigan University library, via multiple scientific databases...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
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