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Dietary habits

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679632/dietary-habits-associated-with-reduced-insulin-resistance-the-nagahama-study
#1
Kaori Ikeda, Tosiya Sato, Takeo Nakayama, Daisuke Tanaka, Kazuaki Nagashima, Fumika Mano, Erina Joo, Shimpei Fujimoto, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Shinji Kosugi, Akihiro Sekine, Yasuharu Tabara, Fumihiko Matsuda, Nobuya Inagaki
AIMS: To investigate the association between insulin resistance assessed by a homeostasis model and dietary habits. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using a community-based cohort, the Nagahama Prospective Cohort for Comprehensive Human Bioscience. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed with log HOMA-IR or log HOMA- β as the dependent variable and 20 dietary habits, tobacco smoking, medical history, family medical history of diabetes, age and BMI as the simultaneous independent variables in each sex separately...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#2
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678007/an-mhealth-application-for-educating-and-monitoring-patients-treated-with-a-ketogenic-diet-regimen
#3
Elisa Maria Zini, Anna Tagliabue, Claudia Trentani, Cinzia Ferraris, Rosangela Boninsegna, Silvana Quaglini, Giordano Lanzola
Ketogenic Diet (KD) is a high-fat diet used to treat refractory epilepsy in patients, also including children. Because of the inherent differences with a balanced diet, patients starting KD face an abrupt switch of dietary habits. Moreover, KD is associated with several side effects that should be closely monitored. In this paper, we propose an mHealth application for training and empowering patients in managing KD. The application also acts as a bridge connecting patients with the health care staff for coaching and monitoring purposes...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677110/dietary-treatment-of-metabolic-acidosis-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
REVIEW
Roswitha Siener
Chronic kidney disease and reduced glomerular filtration rate are risk factors for the development of chronic metabolic acidosis. The prevention or correction of chronic metabolic acidosis has been found to slow progression of chronic kidney disease. Dietary composition can strongly affect acid⁻base balance. Major determinants of net endogenous acid production are the generation of large amounts of hydrogen ions, mostly by animal-derived protein, which is counterbalanced by the metabolism of base-producing foods like fruits and vegetables...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674273/the-potential-of-herb-medicines-in-the-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Jie Ying, Miaomiao Zhang, Xiaoyan Qiu, Yu Lu
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of common malignant neoplasms in the world. Due to dietary habits, environmental factors, stress and so on, larger numbers of person are diagnose with EC every year. Currently, the clinical treatment of EC mainly includes radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgical resection alone or combined strategy. These treatment options are insufficient and often associated with a number of side effects. Medicinal herbs containing Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) have been used as an adjunct treatment for alleviating the side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy and for improving the quality of life of cancer patients...
April 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673929/sleep-disorders-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-insights-into-types-relationship-to-obesity-and-high-altitude-and-possible-lines-of-management
#6
REVIEW
Ahmed M Kabel, Amani M Al Thumali, Khayriah A Aldowiala, Raghad D Habib, Shoroq S Aljuaid, Huda A Alharthi
A sleep disorder is a medical disorder of the sleep pattern of a person that may be serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. Disruptions in sleep can be caused by a variety of causes, from teeth grinding to night terrors. Sleep disorders are usually prevalent among adolescents and young adults, possibly due to factors related to life style, dietary habits, hormonal and emotional disturbances. Other factors that may precipitate sleep disorders include environmental, psychological and genetic factors...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673925/diet-and-lifestyle-habits-association-with-cardiovascular-disease-indices-in-a-nigerian-sub-population
#7
Victor M Oguoma, Ezekiel U Nwose, Timothy C Skinner, Ross S Richards, Phillip T Bwititi
BACKGROUND: There is inadequate evidence regarding the pattern of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours in Nigeria hence the aim of this study was to assess the pattern of lifestyle-related habits that predispose to risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) indices in a Nigerian population. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 apparently healthy males and females ≥18 years old. The World Health Organisation (WHO) STEPwise questionnaire was used to collect information on tobacco use or smoking habits, alcohol consumption and dietary habits...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673005/seroepidemiological-map-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-associated-risk-factors-in-preconception-period-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#8
Qiongjie Zhou, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Shikun Zhang, Xiaotian Li, Ganesh Acharya
AIM: The aims of this study were to investigate the regional differences in seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in preconception period among Chinese women of reproductive age and to evaluate associated risk factors. METHODS: This national, population-based, cross-sectional serosurvey covered all 31 provinces and province-level municipalities in Mainland China. Married women intending to get pregnant within 6 months between 2010 and 2012 were recruited. Information on demographic characteristics (age, place of residence, occupation, dietary habits and exposure to cat) was obtained using interviews, and venous blood samples were collected to screen for Toxoplasma gondii infection...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672181/pilates-physical-activity-and-diet-survey-an-italian-self-administered-questionnaire-evaluating-diet-habits-of-gym-goers-validation-process
#9
Vincenza Gianfredi, Daniele Nucci, Francesco Ceccarelli, Milena Villarini, Massimo Moretti
PILATES study aims are to assess the main characteristics related to food habits, diet behaviors, and nutrition knowledge and how and where gym-goers get information on dietary supplementation. We present evidence for the reliability, feasibility, and construct validity of the PILATES questionnaire. Cohen's kappa statistic (k) for dichotomous variables was used to assess the agreement between the two administrations (interrater agreement). The nutrient composition and energy of food were derived from the Food Composition Database for Epidemiological Studies in Italy (Banca Dati di Composizione degli Alimenti per Studi Epidemiologici in Italia - BDA)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669534/long-term-effects-of-comprehensive-school-health-on-health-related-knowledge-attitudes-self-efficacy-health-behaviours-and-weight-status-of-adolescents
#10
Nicole Naadu Ofosu, John Paul Ekwaru, Kerry Ann Bastian, Sarah A Loehr, Kate Storey, John C Spence, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: APPLE Schools is a Comprehensive School Health (CSH) project, started in schools in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas where dietary habits are poor, physical activity (PA) levels are low, and obesity rates are high. Earlier research showed program effects whereby energy intake, PA and weight status of students in APPLE Schools had reached similar levels as that of students in other schools. However, it is unknown whether the effects of CSH are sustained when children grow into adolescents...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668653/second-primary-cancers-and-survival-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-association-with-prediagnosis-lifestyles
#11
Samantha Morais, Clara Castro, Luís Antunes, Bárbara Peleteiro, Maria J Bento, Nuno Lunet
To quantify the association between prediagnosis lifestyles with the risk of second primary cancers (SPCs) and survival of patients with gastric first primary cancer (FPC). We recruited 574 gastric patients from two major public hospitals in North Portugal (2001-2006). Smoking, alcohol and dietary habits in the year before FPC diagnosis were evaluated. Patients were followed up to 31 December 2011 for an SPC and to 31 May 2017 for vital status. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios for incidence of an SPC or death...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668067/social-inequality-in-cancer-survivors-health-behaviours-a-danish-population-based-study
#12
K Friis, F B Larsen, C V Nielsen, A-M H Momsen, C M Stapelfeldt
The aim of this study was to compare health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet), to explore social inequality in these behaviours among cancer survivors and individuals with no history of cancer, respectively, and to study the impact of time since diagnosis on cancer survivors' health behaviours. Data from the Danish National Health Survey from 2013 were linked with data from the Danish Cancer Registry to identify all cancer diagnoses among the respondents during the period 1945-2012...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665770/dietary-diversity-score-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-serum-adiponectin-concentrations-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#13
Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Leila Jahangiry
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors and lipid abnormalities. Previous studies evaluated the dietary habits and nutrient intakes among patients with metabolic syndrome; however the association between metabolic risk factors and adiponectin with dietary diversity score (DDS) in patients with metabolic syndrome has not been evaluated yet. Therefore the aim of the current study was to evaluate these relationships among patients with metabolic syndrome...
April 17, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663088/updates-in-the-metabolic-management-of-calcium-stones
#14
REVIEW
Kristina L Penniston, Stephen Y Nakada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Urinary risk factors, such as hypercalciuria, hypocitraturia, and hyperoxaluria, either in combination or alone, are associated with calcium stones. Dietary habits as well as underlying medical conditions can influence urinary risk factors. Evaluation of the conglomerate of patients' stone risks provides evidence for individualized medical management, an effective and patient-supported approach to prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Many patients with stones desire prevention to avoid repeated surgical interventions...
April 16, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662307/thyroid-nodules-in-centenarians-prevalence-and-relationship-to-lifestyle-characteristics-and-dietary-habits
#15
Yao Yao, Xianghui Chen, Shengzheng Wu, Liang Guo, Hao Zhang, Qiao Zhu, Jie Tang, Fuxin Luan, Yali Zhao, Faqin Lv, Yao He
Background: Thyroid nodules (TNs) are common thyroid lesions in older population. Few studies have focused on the prevalence of TNs and their relationship to lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits in centenarians. The current study aimed at determining the prevalence of TNs in Chinese centenarians by using high-resolution ultrasound (US) equipment and at investigating its relationship to lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits. Participants and methods: The current study was part of the China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study that was conducted in Hainan, an iodine-sufficient region in People's Republic of China...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662045/macronutrient-and-major-food-group-intake-in-a-cohort-of-southern-italian-adults
#16
Serena Mulè, Mariagiovanna Falla, Alessandra Conti, Dora Castiglione, Isabella Blanco, Armando Platania, Maurizio D'Urso, Marina Marranzano
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake of macronutrient and foods is considered crucial to decrease the risk of diet-related non-communicable diseases. METHODS: The aim of this study was to describe the intake of major food groups and macronutrients in a random sample of 1838 southern Italian adults. RESULTS: No significant differences of macronutrient consumption between sexes were found. By contrast, younger individuals had significantly higher intake of animal protein than older ones...
April 15, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661223/youth-s-social-network-structures-and-peer-influences-study-protocol-mymovez-project-phase-i
#17
Kirsten E Bevelander, Crystal R Smit, Thabo J van Woudenberg, Laura Buijs, William J Burk, Moniek Buijzen
BACKGROUND: Youth are an important target group for social network interventions, because they are particularly susceptible to the adaptation of healthy and unhealthy habits and behaviors of others. They are surrounded by 'social influence agents' (i.e., role models such as family, friends and peers) that co-determine their dietary intake and physical activity. However, there is a lack of systematic and comprehensive research on the implementation of a social network approach in health campaigns...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661143/dietary-habits-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-lebanese-hospital
#18
Shafika Assaad, Rawan Chaaban, Fida Tannous, Christy Costanian
BACKGROUND: To examine the association between dietary habits and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection among patients at a tertiary healthcare center in Lebanon. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 294 patients in 2016, at a hospital in Northern Lebanon. Participants were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to collect information on socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics; dietary habits were ascertained via a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
April 16, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659681/snacking-recommendations-worldwide-a-scoping-review
#19
Monika Potter, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Undine Lehmann
Across the globe, dietary habits include the consumption of foods and drinks between main meals. Although often described as "snacks" or "snacking," there is no scientific consensus of what constitutes a snack, either as an eating occasion or as a snack food. Nonetheless, food-based dietary guidelines, compiled at national or regional levels by governments, learned societies, and health organizations, frequently refer to snacking habits and desirable or undesirable snack food choices. This review aims to provide a comprehensive snapshot of snacking recommendations worldwide...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656863/prevalence-of-functional-defecation-disorders-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Ilan J N Koppen, Mana H Vriesman, Miguel Saps, Shaman Rajindrajith, Xiaoxia Shi, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marc A Benninga, Merit M Tabbers
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature regarding the epidemiology of functional constipation and functional nonretentive fecal incontinence (FNRFI) in children. Secondary objectives were to assess the geographical, age, and sex distribution of functional constipation and FNRFI and to evaluate associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases were searched from 2006 until September 2017. The following inclusion criteria were applied: (1) prospective studies of population-based samples; (2) reporting on the prevalence of functional constipation or FNRFI according to the Rome III/IV criteria; (3) in children aged 0-18 years; and (4) published in full manuscript form...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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