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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087957/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-between-urban-and-rural-population-in-malaysia
#1
I Noor Hassim, M R Norazman, M Diana, Y Khairul Hazdi, I Rosnah
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused significant burden to Malaysia as it accounted for 36% of total deaths. This study aims to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adult and assess the difference between urban and rural population in the selected communities. METHODS: This study is part of the ongoing Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) database, whereby the baseline data were collected since June 2008. CVD risk was measured using INTERHEART risk score which comprised of eleven risk factors i...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087497/developing-nutrition-label-reading-skills-a-web-based-practice-approach
#2
Lisa M Soederberg Miller, Laurel A Beckett, Jacqueline J Bergman, Machelle D Wilson, Elizabeth A Applegate, Tanja N Gibson
BACKGROUND: Nutrition labels offer the information needed to follow Dietary Guidelines for Americans, yet many individuals use labels infrequently or ineffectively due to limited comprehension and the effort required to use them. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop and test a Web-based label-reading training tool to improve individuals' ability to use labels to select more healthful foods. We were particularly interested in determining whether practice can lead to increased accuracy using labels as well as decreased effort, together reflecting greater efficiency...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080834/low-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-in-spain-especially-in-the-overweight-obese-population-the-anibes-study
#3
Elena Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Aránzazu Aparicio, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa M Ortega
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the dietary intake of the Spanish population according to ponderal status and body fat distribution. METHODS: Data were obtained from ANIBES (Anthropometry, Intake, and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample (1013 men, 996 women) of the Spanish population (18-64 years). The final fieldwork was carried out from mid-September to November (three months) 2013. A 3-day dietary record provided information about food and beverage consumption...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077198/association-of-bmi-with-risk-of-cvd-mortality-and-all-cause-mortality
#4
Chee Cheong Kee, Mohd Ghazali Sumarni, Kuang Hock Lim, Sharmini Selvarajah, Jamaiyah Haniff, Guat Hiong Helen Tee, Kaur Gurpreet, Yusoff Ahmad Faudzi, Nasir Mustafa Amal
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between BMI and risk of CVD mortality and all-cause mortality among Malaysian adults. DESIGN: Population-based, retrospective cohort study. Participants were followed up for 5 years from 2006 to 2010. Mortality data were obtained via record linkages with the Malaysian National Registration Department. Multiple Cox regression was applied to compare risk of CVD and all-cause mortality between BMI categories adjusting for age, gender and ethnicity...
January 12, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077027/probabilistic-acute-risk-assessment-of-cumulative-exposure-to-organophosphorus-and-carbamate-pesticides-from-dietary-vegetables-and-fruits-in-shanghai-populations
#5
Fan Li, Yaqun Yuan, Pai Meng, Min Wu, Shuguang Li, Bo Chen
Organophosphorus (OPs) and carbamate pesticides (CPs) are among the most widely used pesticides in China, playing a major role in protecting agricultural commodities. In this study, we determined the cumulative acute exposure to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides of Shanghai residents from vegetables and fruits (VFs). The food consumption data were obtained from the Shanghai Food Consumption Survey (SHFCS) of 2012-2014 including a total of 1973 participants aged 2-90 years. The pesticide residue data were obtained from the Shanghai monitoring program during 2008-2011 with 34 organophosphates and 11 carbamates analyzed in a total of 5335 samples of VFs...
January 12, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074329/dietary-adequacy-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-to-healthy-developing-children
#6
Nagwa A Meguid, Mona Anwar, Geir Bjørklund, Adel Hashish, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Maha Hemimi, Eman Sultan
Although the etiology and pathology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is still poorly understood, a number of environmental, anthropological, neurobiological and genetic factors have been related to the pathophysiology of ASD, even the impact of oxidative stress response related to the environment and nutrition intake. Usual recommended dietary habits are based on the combination of behavioral and dietary or nutraceutical interventions together with pharmacotherapy. Investigations about a reliable relationship between diet and ASD are still lacking...
January 10, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070479/the-impact-of-religiosity-on-dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-in-minority-women-participating-in-the-health-is-power-hip-study
#7
Serene Ansari, Erica G Soltero, Elizabeth Lorenzo, Rebecca E Lee
African American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (HL) women report lower rates of physical activity (PA) and poorer dietary habits compared to their white counterparts. Religiosity can act as a protective factor for health; however, the relationship between religiosity, PA, and diet is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the influence of religiosity on PA and fruit and vegetable (FV) and fat consumption in minority women. Health is Power (HIP) was a 6-month intervention where participants (AA: 63%; HL: 37%) were randomized to a PA or FV group...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065611/-diet-and-lifestyle-rules-in-chronic-constipation-in-adults-from-fantasy-to-reality%C3%A2
#8
Nadia Fathallah, Dominique Bouchard, Vincent de Parades
Chronic constipation is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal complaints and a frequent reason for consultation. Lifestyle modification and dietary advice attract a lot of patients, often dissatisfied with a long-term drug intake. These behavioral modifications are recommended as a first-line approach in the treatment of chronic mild constipation in the majority of current guidelines despite a low level of evidence. Fiber supplementation is probably the most relevant measure because of a satisfactory level of proof...
January 5, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065181/effects-of-a-healthier-snack-on-snacking-habits-and-glycated-hb-hba1c-a-6-week-intervention-study
#9
Mary R Yan, Andrew Parsons, Gillian A Whalley, Elaine C Rush
Dietary behaviour modification may change eating habits and reduce the impact of poor nutrition. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of daily consumption of a healthier snack bar on snacking habits and glycated Hb (HbA1c) within a 6-week intervention. In all, twenty-eight participants were randomly allocated to two groups to either consume the bars as the main snack for 6 weeks (n 14) or receipt of the bars was delayed for 6 weeks (n 14) following a stepped-wedge design. All participants had HbA1c concentrations measured at weeks -1, 0, 4, 6, 10 and 12...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064339/ultrastructure-of-the-midgut-in-heteroptera-hemiptera-with-different-feeding-habits
#10
Helen Pinto Santos, Magdalena Rost-Roszkowska, Jitka Vilimova, José Eduardo Serrão
Heteroptera have diverse feeding habits with phytophagous, zoophagous, and haematophagous species. This dietary diversity associated with the monophyly of Heteroptera makes these insects a good object for comparative studies of the digestive tract. This work compares the ultrastructure of the middle midgut region in the phytophagous Coptosoma scutellatum (Plataspidae), Graphosoma lineatum (Pentatomidae), Kleidocerys resedae (Lygaeidae), and zoophagous Rhynocoris iracundus (Reduviidae), Nabis rugosus (Nabidae), and Himacerus apterus (Nabidae), to verify if diet affects midgut cells in phylogenetically related insects...
January 7, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062141/reduced-subclinical-carotid-vascular-disease-and-arterial-stiffness-in-vegetarian-men-the-carvos-study
#11
Julio Acosta-Navarro, Luiza Antoniazzi, Adriana Midori Oki, Maria Carlos Bonfim, Valeria Hong, Pedro Acosta-Cardenas, Celia Strunz, Eleonora Brunoro, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Wilson Salgado Filho, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis, the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The objective of this study was to verify if vegetarian (VEG) diet could be related a better profile of subclinical vascular disease evaluated by arterial stiffness and functional and structural properties of carotid arteries, compared to omnivorous (OMN) diet. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 44 VEG and 44 OMN apparently healthy men ≥35years of age, in order to not have confounding risk factors of subclinical atherosclerosis, were assessed for anthropometric data, blood pressure, blood lipids, glucose, C reactive protein (CRP), and arterial stiffness determined by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052471/can-oral-health-education-be-delivered-to-high-caries-risk-children-and-their-parents-using-a-computer-game-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Ahmad Aljafari, Jennifer Elizabeth Gallagher, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Families of children undergoing general anaesthesia (GA) for caries management requested that oral health advice is delivered using audio-visual media. OBJECTIVE: To compare an oral health education computer game to one-to-one education. DESIGN: A blind randomised controlled trial of 4- to 10-year-old children scheduled for GA due to caries. Primary outcome measures were (1) parent and child satisfaction with education method; (2) improvements in child's dietary knowledge; and (3) changes in child's diet and toothbrushing habits...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041601/higher-intake-of-cryptoxanthin-is-related-to-low-body-mass-index-and-body-fat-in-japanese-middle-aged-women
#13
Asuka Hirose, Masakazu Terauchi, Miho Hirano, Mihoko Akiyoshi, Yoko Owa, Kiyoko Kato, Toshiro Kubota
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases increases with age, especially in postmenopausal women. In this study, we investigated the dietary patterns associated with body mass and body fat in Japanese middle-aged women. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: This study used baseline data collected in a previous study in 88 women aged 40-60 years. Participants were assessed for age, menopausal status, lifestyle factors, body composition, and dietary habits using a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire, which provides information on the amounts of nearly 100 nutritional factors consumed during the previous month...
February 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039036/nutritional-intake-depressive-symptoms-and-vitamin-d-status-in-hypertensive-patients-in-the-north-of-iran-a-case-control-study
#14
A Salari, M Mahdavi-Roshan, T Hasandokht, M Gholipour, S Soltanipour, M Nagshbandi, A Javadzadeh
OBJECTIVE: We investigated vitamin D status, body size, nutritional intake and depression status in hypertensive patients in the north of Iran that have special dietary habit and lifestyle according to their culture and geographical situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 127 patients with newly recognized hypertension and the 120 normal participants, in the north of Iran. Anthropometric data was measured and demographic characteristics, dietary intake, depression and medical status were collected by valid questionnaires...
December 27, 2016: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038436/examining-the-effects-of-cigarette-smoking-on-food-cravings-and-intake-depressive-symptoms-and-stress
#15
Ariana M Chao, Marney A White, Carlos M Grilo, Rajita Sinha
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationships among smoking status and total and specific types of food cravings (i.e., high-fats, sweets, fast-food fats, and complex carbohydrates/starches) and the influence of demographic, clinical, and psychological factors on this relationship. METHODS: Seven-hundred and twelve adults completed measures of food cravings, dietary intake, and smoking history. Heights and weights were measured. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses while adjusting for demographic, clinical, and psychological covariates...
December 21, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036050/environmental-determinants-of-bronchial-asthma-among-saudi-school-children-in-southwestern-saudi-arabia
#16
Jobran M Alqahtani, Ahmed M Asaad, Nabil J Awadalla, Ahmed A Mahfouz
The aim here was to study the possible environmental and dietary determinants of asthma among school-aged children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. In a cross-sectional study on a representative sample in Najran in Southwestern Saudi Arabia using an Arabic version of the modified ISAAC Phase III, parent-administered questionnaire data were collected. Skin prick tests (SPTs) were performed. The study included 1700 school children, out of them 468 (27.5%) were diagnosed with, cases of bronchial asthma and 20.8% (353) reported a 12-month nocturnal cough (as a proxy of severe asthma)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036017/are-treated-celiac-patients-at-risk-for-mycotoxins-an-italian-case-study
#17
Martina Cirlini, Teresa Mazzeo, Leda Roncoroni, Vincenza Lombardo, Luca Elli, Maria T Bardella, Carlo Agostoni, Luisa Doneda, Furio Brighenti, Chiara Dall'Asta, Nicoletta Pellegrini
Urinary biomarkers of mycotoxin exposure were evaluated in a group of celiac patients (n = 55) and in a control group of healthy subjects (n = 50) following their habitual diet. Deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZEN), and fumonisin B1 (FB1) were monitored in 105 urinary samples collected from the two groups. Dietary habits were also recorded through compilation of a seven-day weighed dietary diary. Biomarkers of mycotoxin exposure were detected in 21 celiac patients and in 15 control subjects, corresponding to about 34% of total participants...
December 28, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033525/dietary-polychlorinated-biphenyls-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-incidence-of-malignant-melanoma
#18
Carolina Donat-Vargas, Marika Berglund, Anders Glynn, Alicja Wolk, Agneta Åkesson
BACKGROUND: For malignant melanoma, other risk factors aside from sun exposure have been hardly explored. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)-mainly from fatty fish- may affect melanogenesis and promote melanoma progression, while long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids seem to exert antineoplastic actions in melanoma cells. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the association of validated estimates of dietary PCB exposure as well as the intake of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (EPA-DHA), accounting for sun habits and skin type, with the risk of malignant melanoma in middle-aged and elderly women...
December 26, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032238/sociocultural-and-environmental-influences-on-brazilian-immigrant-mothers-beliefs-and-practices-related-to-child-feeding-and-weight-status
#19
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Maria H Hasselman, Marcia M T Machado, Raquel S Mezzavilla, Barbara M Detro
Background Length of residence in the United States (US), changes in dietary and physical activity behaviors, and economic and social barriers contribute to high childhood obesity rates among children from immigrant families in the US. Brazilians comprise a fast-growing immigrant population group in the US, yet little research has focused on health issues affecting Brazilian children in immigrant families. Understanding sociocultural and environmental influences on parents' beliefs and practices related to child feeding and weight status is essential to altering obesity trends in this group...
December 28, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031376/vitamin-b-6-status-in-unsupplemented-pregnant-women-is-associated-positively-with-serum-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-inversely-with-the-n-6-to-n-3-fatty-acid-ratio
#20
Maria F Mujica-Coopman, Ana B Franco-Sena, Dayana R Farias, Juliana S Vaz, Alex Brito, Gilberto Kac, Yvonne Lamers
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B-6-deficient diets decrease plasma docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and arachidonic acid (AA) concentrations in healthy adults. These fatty acids (FAs) are important for fetal neurodevelopment, but the relation between vitamin B-6 status and circulating polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs) during pregnancy is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the relation between plasma pyridoxal 5' phosphate (PLP; the active form of vitamin B-6) and serum DHA, EPA, AA, linoleic acid, eicosadienoic, and α-linolenic acid concentrations during pregnancy...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
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