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Dietary habits

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213631/destroying-god-s-temple-physical-inactivity-poor-diet-obesity-and-other-sin-behaviors
#1
Mark D Faries, Megan McClendon, Eric J Jones
On average, our participants (N = 112), who self-proclaimed to be Christians, believed that physically inactive lifestyles, unhealthy eating, overeating, and being obese destroy the body, God's temple. However, these beliefs were less definitive, than those of other common "sin" behaviors, such as drug use, smoking, and excessive drinking of alcohol. In addition, destroying the body with physical inactivity or poor diet was not necessarily viewed as sinful. Subsequently, these beliefs did not relate to self-reported physical activity, dietary behavior, or body mass index...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#2
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210748/risk-factors-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-suburban-adolescents-from-a-malaysian-district
#3
Wai Fong Chew, Pooi Pooi Leong, Sook Fan Yap, A Malik Yasmin, Kong Bung Choo, Gary Kim Kuan Low, Nem Yun Boo
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the risk factors associated with abdominal obesity (AO) in suburban adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adolescents aged 15-17 years from five randomly selected secondary schools in the Hulu Langat district of Selangor State, Malaysia. Waist circumference (WC) was measured at the midpoint between the lower margin of last palpable rib and the top of iliac crest. Information on sociodemographic data, dietary habits, physical activity levels and duration of sleep was obtained via interviewer-administered questionnaires...
February 17, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210498/efficacy-of-hbm-based-dietary-education-intervention-on-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-in-medical-students
#4
Hamid Reza Tavakoli, Hossein Dini-Talatappeh, Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki
BACKGROUND: Using various models of behavior change, a number of studies in the area of nutrition education have confirmed that nutrition habits and behaviors can be improved. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the effects of education on patterns of dietary consumption among medical students at the military university of Tehran, with a view to correcting those patterns. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 242 medical students from the Military University of Tehran were chosen by convenience sampling and then divided into control (n = 107) and intervention groups (n = 135) by block randomization...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208814/adequacy-of-usual-vitamin-and-mineral-intake-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents-enalia-study
#5
Ana M López-Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio, Liliana G González-Rodríguez, Esther Cuadrado-Soto, Josefa Rubio, Victoria Marcos, Rosa Sanchidrián, Sara Santos, Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Marian Ángeles Dal Re, Carmen Villar, Teresa Robledo, J Javier Castrodeza, Rosa M Ortega
Background: The National Dietary Survey on the Child and Adolescent Population in Spain (ENALIA) provides data to assess the usual micronutrient intake among Spanish infants, children, and adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey (November 2012-July 2014) of a representative sample of Spanish children and adolescents (six months-17 years) (n = 1862). Dietary information was collected using two non-consecutive one-day food diaries (six months-10 years old) or two 24 h dietary recalls (11 years and older) separated by at least 14 days...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198673/diversity-and-enterotype-in-gut-bacterial-community-of-adults-in-taiwan
#6
Chao Liang, Han-Chi Tseng, Hui-Mei Chen, Wei-Chi Wang, Chih-Min Chiu, Jen-Yun Chang, Kuan-Yi Lu, Shun-Long Weng, Tzu-Hao Chang, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Chen-Tsung Weng, Hwei-Ming Wang, Hsien-Da Huang
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal microbiota, particularly gut microbiota, is associated with human health. The biodiversity of gut microbiota is affected by ethnicities and environmental factors such as dietary habits or medicine intake, and three enterotypes of the human gut microbiome were announced in 2011. These enterotypes are not significantly correlated with gender, age, or body weight but are influenced by long-term dietary habits. However, to date, only two enterotypes (predominantly consisting of Bacteroides and Prevotella) have shown these characteristics in previous research; the third enterotype remains ambiguous...
January 25, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198081/latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-in-asian-and-european-populations
#7
REVIEW
Alok Kumar, Alberto de Leiva
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder caused by relative or absolute insulin deficiency and characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia. It is expected that by year 2025, 80% of all Type 2 Diabetic patients will be living in developing or low and middle income countries. Among Asians, there has been an overall increase in abdominal obesity however, the risk of diabetes in these populations starts at much lower body mass index (BMI) as compared to Caucasians. A significant proportion of diabetic patients with adult-onset, initially non-requiring insulin treatment, depicts diabetes-associated autoantibodies in their sera...
February 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195150/molecular-dietary-analysis-of-two-sympatric-felids-in-the-mountains-of-southwest-china-biodiversity-hotspot-and-conservation-implications
#8
Mengyin Xiong, Dajun Wang, Hongliang Bu, Xinning Shao, Dan Zhang, Sheng Li, Rongjiang Wang, Meng Yao
Dietary information is lacking in most of small to mid-sized carnivores due to their elusive predatory behaviour and versatile feeding habits. The leopard cat (LPC; Prionailurus bengalensis) and the Asiatic golden cat (AGC; Catopuma temminckii) are two important yet increasingly endangered carnivore species in the temperate mountain forest ecosystem in Southwest China, a global biodiversity hotspot and a significant reservoir of China's endemic species. We investigated the vertebrate prey of the two sympatric felids using faecal DNA and a next-generation sequencing (NGS)/metabarcoding approach...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190656/living-status-and-frequency-of-eating-out-of-home-foods-in-relation-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-4-017-japanese-female-dietetic-students-aged-18-20-years-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#9
Satomi Kobayashi, Keiko Asakura, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Living status (e.g., living with family or alone) may affect dietary habits. We compared nutritional adequacy according to living status and the frequency of eating out-of-home foods in young Japanese women. METHODS: Female dietetic students (aged 18-20 years; n = 4,017) participated in a cross-sectional multicenter study, which was conducted in 85 dietetic schools in 35 of 47 prefectures in Japan. Habitual dietary intake was assessed with a validated diet history questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187735/prognostic-value-of-alcohol-consumption-and-some-other-dietary-habits-for-survival-in-a-cohort-of-chinese-men-with-lung-cancer
#10
Wentao Li, Lap Ah Tse, Joseph S K Au, Kai Shing Yu, Feng Wang, Ignatius Tak-Sun Yu
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption and some other dietary habits are thought to be associated with lung cancer incidence. However, the effects of these habits on lung cancer prognosis have been studied rarely. The purpose of this study was to address these gaps in knowledge. METHODS: We studied a cohort of 1052 Chinese men in Hong Kong who were diagnosed with primary lung cancer. Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine the prognostic values of consumption of alcohol, fresh fruits or vegetables, meat, and fried or preserved food...
February 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186827/exploration-of-the-perceived-and-actual-benefits-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-the-impact-of-fads1-and-fads2-genetic-information-on-dietary-intake-and-blood-levels-of-epa-and-dha
#11
Kaitlin Roke
From a global health perspective, increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs), in particular eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are beneficial for human health. However, the consumption of EPA- and DHA-rich foods such as fatty fish is low in the Western diet. Therefore, finding new ways to motivate people to increase their consumption of omega-3 FAs is essential. To find effective ways to motivate individuals, understanding people's awareness of omega-3 FAs and how they obtain their knowledge about nutrition and health is critical...
February 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186352/analysis-of-clinical-symptoms-and-abcc6-mutations-in-76-japanese-patients-with-pseudoxanthoma-elasticum
#12
Akira Iwanaga, Yumi Okubo, Mariko Yozaki, Yuta Koike, Yutaka Kuwatsuka, Saori Tomimura, Yosuke Yamamoto, Hiroshi Tamura, Satoshi Ikeda, Koji Maemura, Eiko Tsuiki, Takashi Kitaoka, Yuichiro Endo, Hiroyuki Mishima, Koh-Ichiro Yoshiura, Tomoo Ogi, Hideaki Tanizaki, Mari Wataya-Kaneda, Tomoyasu Hattori, Atsushi Utani
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a hereditary disease, causing calcification and degeneration of elastic fibers, which affects the skin, eye, cardiovascular systems and gastrointestinal tract. PXE is caused by mutations in the ABCC6 gene. Neither detailed nor large-scale analyses have been accomplished in Japanese patients with PXE. We, therefore, investigated clinical symptoms and ABCC6 gene mutations in 76 Japanese patients. Japanese PXE patients (n = 76) had a significantly lower incidence of vascular lesions than 505 PXE patients in the Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD) (38...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185718/is-car-use-related-with-successful-aging-of-older-adults-results-from-the-multinational-mediterranean-islands-study
#13
Stefanos Tyrovolas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Marianthi Morena, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Foteini Anastasiou, Akis Zeimbekis, Dimitra Tyrovola, Alexandra Foscolou, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, George Soulis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antonia Matalas, Christos Lionis, Labros S Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
PURPOSE: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the relation between car use and the level of successful aging of a random sample of older adults living in the Mediterranean basin. METHODS: During 2005-2011, 2749 older (aged 65-100 years) from 22 islands and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece were voluntarily enrolled in the Mediterranean islands cross-sectional study. Sociodemographics, medical conditions, and dietary and lifestyle habits were derived throughout standard procedures...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184889/dietary-habits-and-cognitive-impairment-risk-among-oldest-old-chinese
#14
Ruopeng An, Gordon Liu, Naiman Khan, Hai Yan, Youfa Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183454/frailty-and-nutrition-from-epidemiological-and-clinical-evidence-to-potential-mechanisms
#15
REVIEW
Mary Yannakoulia, Eva Ntanasi, Costas A Anastasiou, Nikolaos Scarmeas
Frailty is a geriatric condition characterized by unintentional weight loss, low muscle strength, feeling of exhaustion, reduced physical activity capacity and slow walking speed. Theoretically, nutrition is a factor closely related to the frailty syndrome: all frailty criteria are more or less affected by poor eating habits, whereas frailty itself may have a negative effect on eating and, thus, on the nutritional status. Indeed, research data suggest an association between frailty and specific constituents of diet, namely protein and energy intake, as well as intakes of specific micronutrients...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183054/national-estimation-of-seafood-consumption-in-mexico-implications-for-exposure-to-methylmercury-and-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids
#16
Alejandra Cantoral, Carolina Batis, Niladri Basu
BACKGROUND: Seafood is a good source of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFA) but also contains the toxic contaminant methylmercury (MeHg). National estimates of exposure to both compounds through seafood intake in Mexico are not known. The objective of the current study was to describe national seafood consumption habits and to estimate seafood-based exposure to ω3-PUFAs and MeHg. METHODS: We analyzed data from a 24-h dietary recall extracted from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey of Mexico (n = 10,096 subjects aged 1y and older)...
January 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179618/increased-cortisol-and-cortisone-levels-in-overweight-children
#17
Lanling Chu, Kangwei Shen, Ping Liu, Kan Ye, Yu Wang, Chen Li, Xuejun Kang, Yuan Song
BACKGROUND It has been unclear whether relatively high cortisol and cortisone levels are related to overweight in childhood, parental body mass index (BMI), and family dietary habits. The aim of this study was to compare cortisol and cortisone levels in urine and saliva from overweight and normal children, as well as correlations between children's BMI, parental BMI and family dietary behavior questionnaire score (QS). MATERIAL AND METHODS We analyzed the data from 52 overweight children and 53 age- and sex-matched normal-weight children aged 4-5 years...
February 9, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178852/young-adults-perceptions-of-calcium-intake-and-health
#18
Michelle L Marcinow, Janis A Randall Simpson, Susan J Whiting, Mary E Jung, Andrea C Buchholz
Many young Canadian adults are not meeting dietary calcium recommendations. This is concerning as adequate calcium is important throughout young adulthood to maximize peak bone mass for osteoporosis prevention. There are limited studies that have explored young adults' perceptions toward calcium and health. Our objectives were to determine young adults' (18-34 years) knowledge of calcium in relation to health, facilitators and barriers to adequate calcium intake, and to explore both their suggestions for individual strategies to increase calcium intake and ways to communicate calcium-related messaging to this population...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176000/multifactorial-logistic-regression-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-the-incidence-of-erosive-tooth-wear-among-adults-at-different-ages-in-tokyo
#19
Yuichi Kitasako, Y Sasaki, T Takagaki, A Sadr, J Tagami
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with the incidence of erosive tooth wear (ETW) among adults at different ages in Tokyo using multifactorial logistic regression analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of a total of 1108 subjects aged 15 to 89 years in Tokyo, Japan. Two examiners evaluated ETW in a full-mouth recording. The subjects were asked to complete a self-administered daily diet, habit, and health condition questionnaire...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173690/the-impact-of-the-financial-crisis-on-lifestyle-health-determinants-among-older-adults-living-in-the-mediterranean-region-the-multinational-medis-study-2005-2015
#20
Alexandra Foscolou, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Dimitra Tyrovola, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Labros Sidossis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Objectives: By the end of the 2000s, the economic situation in many European countries started to deteriorate, generating financial uncertainty, social insecurity and worse health status. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the recent financial crisis has affected the lifestyle health determinants and behaviours of older adults living in the Mediterranean islands. Methods: From 2005 to 2015, a population-based, multi-stage convenience sampling method was used to voluntarily enrol 2749 older adults (50% men) from 20 Mediterranean islands and the rural area of the Mani peninsula...
January 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
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