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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749629/knowledge-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-prostate-cancer-among-male-staff-of-the-university-of-nigeria
#1
Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe, Deborah Oyine Aluh, Abdulmuminu Isah, Chibueze Anosike
Prostate cancer is the number one cancer in males in Africa, both in terms of incidence and mortality, accounting for 40,000 (13%) male cancers and 28,000 (11.3%) male cancer-associated deaths. In the developed world, the probability of being diagnosed with cancer is more than twice as high as in developing countries. In developing countries, most cancer victims are diagnosed at late stage, with incurable tumors, pointing to the need for education schemes and better detection programs. This study assessed knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of prostate cancer among male staff of the University of Nigeria...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749606/perceived-stress-is-associated-with-increased-rostral-middle-frontal-gyrus-cortical-thickness-a-family-based-and-discordant-sibling-investigation
#2
L J Michalski, C H Demers, D A A Baranger, D M Barch, M P Harms, G C Burgess, R Bogdan
BACKGROUND: Elevated stress perception and depression commonly co-occur, suggesting that they share a common neurobiology. Cortical thickness of the rostral middle frontal gyrus (RMFG), a region critical for executive function, has been associated with depression- and stress-related phenotypes. Here, we examined whether RMFG cortical thickness is associated with these phenotypes in a large family-based community sample. METHODS: RMFG cortical thickness was estimated using FreeSurfer among participants (n=879) who completed the ongoing Human Connectome Project...
July 27, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749603/protection-motivation-theory-in-predicting-intention-to-receive-cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-chinese-women
#3
Yang Bai, Qing Liu, Xinguang Chen, Yanduo Gao, Huiyun Gong, Xiaodong Tan, Min Zhang, Jiyu Tuo, Yuling Zhang, Qunying Xiang, Fenghua Deng, Guiling Liu
OBJECTIVE: Despite the significance of cervical cancer screening, motivating more women to participate remains a challenge in resource-limited settings. In this study, we tested the protection motivation theory (PMT) in predicting screening intentions. METHODS: Participants were women from Wufeng, a typical rural county in China. Participants (n=3000) with no cervical cancer history were recruited from 10 randomly selected villages. As mediating variables, six PMT constructs (Perceived Risk, Fear Arousal, Perceived Severity, Response Efficacy, Response Cost and Self-Efficacy) were measured using the standardized questionnaire...
July 27, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749524/academic-outcomes-and-cognitive-performance-in-problematic-internet-users
#4
María Marín Vila, José Luis Carballo Crespo, Ainhoa Coloma Carmona
Only few studies have examined the relationship between problematic Internet use (PIU) and cognitive and academic performance in adolescents. The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in academic and cognitive performance (perception, attention, memory, verbal fluency and abstract reasoning) between adolescents with and without PIU. A total of 575 students from different high schools of the region of Alicante participated. Students were divided into two groups: adolescents with and without PIU (PIU and NPIU, respectively)...
July 13, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749316/-it-s-like-texting-at-the-dinner-table-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-impact-of-electronic-health-records-on-patient-physician-interaction-in-hospitals
#5
Kimberly D Pelland, Rosa R Baier, Rebekah L Gardner
nBACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) may reduce medical errors and improve care, but can complicate clinical encounters. OBJECTIVE: To describe hospital-based physicians' perceptions of the impact of EHRs on patient-physician interactions and contrast these findings against office-based physicians' perceptionsMethods: We performed a qualitative analysis of comments submitted in response to the 2014 Rhode Island Health Information Technology Survey. Office- and hospital-based physicians licensed in Rhode Island, in active practice, and located in Rhode Island or neighboring states completed the survey about their Electronic Health Record use...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749315/connecting-medical-records-an-evaluation-of-benefits-and-challenges-for-primary-care-practices
#6
Deborah Ruth Compeau, Amanda Terry
BACKGROUND: Implementation of systems to support health information sharing has lagged other areas of healthcare IT, yet offers a strong possibility for benefit.  Clinical acceptance is a key limiting factor in health IT adoption. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and challenges experienced by clinicians using a custom-developed health information exchange system, and to show how perceptions of benefits and challenges influence perceptions of productivity and care-related outcomes...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749229/effects-of-a-support-program-on-nurses-communication-with-hospitalized-children-s-families
#7
Hiroko Hashimoto
More than a few pediatric nurses experience difficulty in communicating with children's family members. However, effective means of providing communication support for pediatric nurses have not been examined sufficiently. This study aimed to develop and implement a communication support program for nurses to facilitate improved communication with families of hospitalized children, and to clarify changes in nurses' recognition and behavior toward communication with families in clinical settings. The program lasted 6 months and consisted of lectures, role-play, 4 communication models in which nurses experienced difficulty communicating with family members, and continued individual support...
September 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749157/disentangling-the-relationship-between-gender-and-work-family-conflict-an-integration-of-theoretical-perspectives-using-meta-analytic-methods
#8
Kristen M Shockley, Winny Shen, Michael M DeNunzio, Maryana L Arvan, Eric A Knudsen
Implicit in many discussions of work-family issues is the idea that managing the work-family interface is more challenging for women than men. We address whether this intuition is supported by the empirical data via a meta-analysis of gender differences in work-family conflict (WFC) based on more than 350 independent samples (N > 250,000 workers). Challenging lay perceptions, our results demonstrate that men and women generally do not differ on their reports of WFC, though there were some modest moderating effects of dual-earner status, parental status, type of WFC (i...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749156/employee-conscientiousness-agreeableness-and-supervisor-justice-rule-compliance-a-three-study-investigation
#9
Jason L Huang, Russell Cropanzano, Andrew Li, Ping Shao, Xin-An Zhang, Yuhui Li
Researchers have paid limited attention to what makes organizational authority figures decide to treat their employees either justly or unjustly. Drawing from the actor-focused model of justice, as well as the stereotype content model, we argue that employee conscientiousness and agreeableness can impact the extent to which supervisors adhere to normative rules for distributive, procedural, informational, and interpersonal justice, as a result of supervisors' evaluations of their employees' effort and their liking of the employees...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749154/rude-color-glasses-the-contaminating-effects-of-witnessed-morning-rudeness-on-perceptions-and-behaviors-throughout-the-workday
#10
Andrew Woolum, Trevor Foulk, Klodiana Lanaj, Amir Erez
Using an experimental experience sampling design, we investigate how witnessing morning rudeness influences workers' subsequent perceptions and behaviors throughout the workday. We posit that a single exposure to rudeness in the morning can contaminate employees' perceptions of subsequent social interactions leading them to perceive greater workplace rudeness throughout their workday. We expect that these contaminated perceptions will have important ramifications for employees' work behaviors. In a 10-day study of 81 professional and managerial employees, we find that witnessed morning rudeness leads to greater perceptions of workplace rudeness throughout the workday and that those perceptions, in turn, predict lower task performance and goal progress and greater interaction avoidance and psychological withdrawal...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749081/looking-ahead-through-a-fragile-lens-vulnerable-narcissism-and-the-future-self
#11
David Kealy, Sharan Sandhu, John S Ogrodniczuk
Empirical data are lacking with regard to the degree to which self-absorbed hypersensitivity may be related to perceptions of the future self. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vulnerable narcissism and several components of future orientation among psychiatric outpatients. A sample of 132 adult outpatients seeking mental health services completed measures assessing vulnerable narcissism, optimism, personal growth initiative and symptom distress, along with several questions regarding specific future outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748769/the-role-of-victimization-in-shaping-households-preparedness-for-armed-conflicts-in-israel
#12
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: One of the most prominent threats to the Israeli population is the risk from armed conflicts. Yet, promoting preparedness behavior proves to be highly difficult. Arguably, this is partially due to the chronic exposure of the Israeli public to this threat, a.k.a. "Victimization." The purpose of this study was to examine whether victimization plays a prominent role in shaping preparedness behavior toward armed conflicts in Israel. METHODS: An online survey of 502 participants representing the adult Jewish population in Israel was carried out...
July 27, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748709/aging-perceptions-in-older-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-portugal-a-qualitative-study
#13
Henrique Pereira, Juan Pedro Serrano, Brian de Vries, Graça Esgalhado, Rosa Marina Afonso, Samuel Monteiro
Aims and Objectives The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions toward aging among Portuguese gay and bisexual men over 60 years old. Background Despite the growth of the older population, and the increased visibility and acceptance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people in Western countries, the experience of aging in older gay and bisexual men is only beginning to be understood. Design We used a qualitative research methodology, based on critical gerontology, for establishing research questions and to identify the perspectives on the aging process in older gay and bisexual individuals...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748704/understanding-the-experiences-of-married-southern-african-women-in-protecting-themselves-from-hiv-aids-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#14
Tabeth Timba-Emmanuel, Thilo Kroll, Mary J Renfrew, Steve MacGillivray
BACKGROUND: Whilst marriage has been repeatedly identified in the literature as an HIV risk factor amongst Southern African women, not much is known about women's perception of their role, experiences and strategies used to address HIV risks in the context of a marriage. AIMS: The aim of the study was to synthesise perceptions, experiences and strategies of married Southern African women in the prevention of HIV. METHODS: A systematic review of qualitative studies was conducted...
July 27, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748678/prevalence-of-self-perceived-snoring-and-apnea-and-their-association-with-daytime-sleepiness-in-korean-high-school-students
#15
Kwang Ik Yang, Jee Hyun Kim, Young Hwangbo, Dae Lim Koo, Daeyoung Kim, Kyoung Jin Hwang, Seung Bong Hong
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There has been no nationwide population-based study of the prevalence of self-perceived snoring/apnea in Korean adolescents. The purpose of this study was to estimate prevalence of self-perceived snoring/apnea in Korean high-school students and to evaluate their association with daytime sleepiness. METHODS: An online survey was used to investigate 12,672 students at 75 high schools across the 15 nationwide districts of South Korea. The variables were obtained using a self-reported questionnaire...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748588/implementation-of-the-risk-and-harm-reduction-strategy-against-unsafe-abortion-in-uruguay-from-a-university-hospital-to-the-entire-country
#16
Ana Labandera, Monica Gorgoroso, Leonel Briozzo
The history of the creation of the risk and harm reduction model applied to unsafe abortion is reviewed, from its initial implementation by a small group of gynecologists at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center in Uruguay to its spread to the rest of the country. Its ethical rationale, its successful application in the hospital, the decision to disseminate it with the cooperation of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), and the intervention procedures are explained. It was evaluated from the epidemiological and anthropological viewpoints, from the changes in professionals' and users' perception of the care offered and its impact on complications and maternal deaths...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748587/from-risk-and-harm-reduction-to-decriminalizing-abortion-the-uruguayan-model-for-women-s-rights
#17
Leonel Briozzo
OBJECTIVE: To describe public policies, social actions, particularly those of obstetricians/gynecologists, and changes in abortion-related legislation in the different historical periods between 1990 and 2015, and to analyze temporal correlations with a reduction in maternal mortality. METHODS: The 1990-2015 period was divided into three different stages to permit evaluation of the legislation, health regulations, healthcare system, and professional practices related to the care provided in cases of unsafe abortion: 1990-2001, characterized by illegality and the healthcare system's denial of abortion; 2001-2012, when the model for reducing the risk and harm of unsafe abortions was developed; and 2012-2015, when abortion was finally decriminalized...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748575/kidney-transplantation-in-ghana-is-the-public-ready
#18
Vincent Boima, Vincent Ganu, Dzifa Dey, Ernest Yorke, Alfred Yawson, Yvonne Otchere, Stella Nartey, Anna Gyaban-Mensah, Margaret Lartey, C Charles Mate-Kole
BACKGROUND: The burden of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is reported to be higher among people of African ancestry. Majority do not have access to kidney transplantation. Africans in general, are less likely to donate a kidney or receive a transplant. AIMS: The present study surveyed public perceptions of kidney transplantation in an inner city and suburban communities in Ghana. It examined people's willingness to either accept or donate a kidney to save a life...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748487/predictions-of-speech-chimaera-intelligibility-using-auditory-nerve-mean-rate-and-spike-timing-neural-cues
#19
Michael R Wirtzfeld, Rasha A Ibrahim, Ian C Bruce
Perceptual studies of speech intelligibility have shown that slow variations of acoustic envelope (ENV) in a small set of frequency bands provides adequate information for good perceptual performance in quiet, whereas acoustic temporal fine-structure (TFS) cues play a supporting role in background noise. However, the implications for neural coding are prone to misinterpretation because the mean-rate neural representation can contain recovered ENV cues from cochlear filtering of TFS. We investigated ENV recovery and spike-time TFS coding using objective measures of simulated mean-rate and spike-timing neural representations of chimaeric speech, in which either the ENV or the TFS is replaced by another signal...
July 26, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748327/determination-of-hopelessness-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-heart-disease-an-example-from-eastern-turkey
#20
Papatya Karakurt, Rabia Hacıhasanoğlu Aşılar, Arzu Yildirim, Şeyda Memiş
This descriptive study was undertaken in order to determine hopelessness and quality of life among the patients with heart disease. No sampling was made, and 200 patients who were voluntary and were able to communicate were included in the study. The data of the study were collected using a personal information form that involved questions about patients' descriptive information and their diseases, Beck Hopelessness Scale and SF-36 Quality of Life Scale with a face-to-face interview technique. For the analyses of the data, percentages, means, t test, Kruskal-Wallis and Pearson's correlation analyses were used...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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