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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340203/been-there-done-that-the-experience-of-acting-as-a-young-adult-mentor-to-adolescents-living-with-chronic-illness
#1
Sara Ahola Kohut, Jennifer Stinson, Paula Forgeron, Stephanie Luca, Lauren Harris
To explore the perceived benefits and challenges of acting as a young adult peer mentor to adolescents with chronic illness.   A qualitative descriptive study, using interviews and a focus group, explored the perceptions of young adult peer mentors following participation in the iPeer2Peer program, a Skype-based peer-mentorship program for adolescents with chronic illness. Interviews and focus group data were transcribed and analyzed using inductive content analysis.   Ten peer mentors (20.00 ± 1...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340201/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-of-physical-activity-and-health-status-in-adolescents
#2
Emily Granger, Francesco Di Nardo, Annie Harrison, Lesley Patterson, Raphael Holmes, Arpana Verma
Reduced physical activity is a known risk factor for many illnesses. Research in adolescent populations found increased physical activity levels improves objective health outcomes, but there is conflicting evidence regarding the relationship between physical activity levels and self-reported health status. To synthesise current evidence on the association between physical activity and self-reported health status in adolescents. Secondary objectives are to assess whether the relationship is dose dependant, and the appropriateness of WHO recommendations on adolescents' physical activity...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340163/does-cervical-interlaminar-epidural-steroid-injection-with-low-dose-lidocaine-cause-objective-upper-extremity-weakness-a-preliminary-study
#3
Zachary L McCormick, Ariana Nelson, Mark C Kendall, Robert J McCarthy, Geeta Nagpal, David R Walega
Objective. : Low-dose local anesthetic is often used in cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injections (CIESI), yet its effect on upper extremity strength has not been studied. The presence of consequent weakness has potential implications for postprocedure safety. This study aimed to determine whether low-dose lidocaine in a C7-T1 CIESI causes objective weakness. Design. : Prospective case series. Setting. : Academic pain center...
March 18, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340132/the-impact-of-weight-and-weight-related-perceptions-on-smoking-status-among-young-adults-in-a-text-messaging-cessation-program
#4
Kisha I Coa, Erik Augustson, Annette Kaufman
Introduction: Weight gain and concerns about weight can influence a smoker's ability to successfully quit, and young adults are a subgroup of smokers who are particularly concerned about the impact of quitting on their body weight. This study explored the associations between body mass index (BMI), weight perceptions, and smoking status among young adults. Methods: The sample consisted of 4,027 young adults between the ages of 18 and 29 who participated in a randomized control trial of the National Cancer Institute's SmokefreeTXT program...
March 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340127/do-interoceptive-sensations-provoke-fearful-responses-in-adolescents-with-chronic-headache-or-chronic-abdominal-pain-a-preliminary-experimental-study
#5
Florentina Flack, Christiane A Pané-Farré, Boris Zernikow, Luca Schaan, Tanja Hechler
Objective : To determine whether fear can be triggered when experiencing interoceptive sensations locally proximal to the primary pain region.  Two groups of adolescents (11-18 years) with chronic headache ( n  = 20) or chronic abdominal pain (CAP; n  = 20) completed three muscle tensing tasks to induce proximal versus distal sensations: (1) "frown" task (proximal for chronic headache; distal for CAP), (2) "tighten stomach" task (proximal for CAP; distal for chronic headache), and (3) safe comparison task (clench fist)...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340017/patient-reporting-of-undesirable-events-a-pilot-study-in-china
#6
Jia Yan, Ke Liu, Lifeng Zhang, Ting Chu, Xuehua Wang
Objective: To identify the frequency of undesirable events reported by patients during hospitalization and explore the relationship between undesirable events and perception of safety and satisfaction with care in China. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Chinese university hospital. Participants: Adult patients (N = 341) discharged from medical and surgical departments. Interventions: Patients were interviewed post-discharge using a survey instrument to ask whether they had experienced specific undesirable events during hospitalization...
March 10, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340011/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-physical-exercise-in-reducing-pain-in-women-undergoing-mammography-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Tadeu Cardoso de Almeida, Luane Marques de Mello, Jacó Saraiva de Castro Mattos, Anderson Soares da Silva, Altacílio Aparecido Nunes
Objective. : To evaluate the efficacy of exercise prior to mammography in reducing perceived postexamination pain. Methods. : An open, randomized, and controlled clinical trial was conducted. The interventions consisted of warm-up and stretching exercises of the upper or lower limbs of women who consulted at Barretos Cancer Hospital, São Paulo State, Brazil. The women were divided into three groups based on the intervention and its location: upper limbs (group 1), lower limbs (group 2), and no intervention (group 0)...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339996/fathers-perceptions-of-change-following-parenting-intervention-randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema1
#8
Alina Morawska, Amy E Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
 To test whether families' participation in an evidence-based parenting program can improve health-related outcomes reported by fathers of 2- to 10-year-old children with asthma and/or eczema.  A 2 (Triple P-Positive Parenting Program vs. care as usual) by 3 (baseline, postintervention, 6-month follow-up) design was used, with random group assignment. Of 107 families, 51.4% ( N  = 55) had a father participate alongside the child's mother, who was the primary intervention target. Fathers completed questionnaires assessing illness-related child behavior problems; self-efficacy with illness management and illness-related child behavior problems; and health-related quality of life...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339940/restrictions-on-the-use-of-e-cigarettes-in-public-and-private-places-current-practice-and-support-among-adults-in-great-britain
#9
Leonie S Brose, Ann McNeill, Deborah Arnott, Hazel Cheeseman
Debates around policies regulating e-cigarette use make it important to obtain an overview of current practice, people's attitudes and correlates of policy support. Aims were to assess (i) current practices for e-cigarette use in homes and workplaces; (ii) characteristics associated with allowing e-cigarette use in the home; and (iii) level of, and characteristics associated with, support for extending smoke-free legislation to include e-cigarettes. Online survey in 2016, n = 11 389 adults in Great Britain...
February 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339829/perceived-office-environments-and-occupational-physical-activity-in-office-based-workers
#10
A Sawyer, L Smith, M Ucci, R Jones, A Marmot, A Fisher
Background: Individuals in office-based occupations have low levels of physical activity but there is little research into the socio-ecological correlates of workplace activity. Aims: To identify factors contributing to office-based workers' perceptions of the office environment and explore cross-sectional relationships between these factors and occupational physical activity. Methods: Participants in the Active Buildings study reported perceptions of their office environment using the Movement at Work Survey...
March 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339782/the-adolescent-hiv-disclosure-cognition-and-affect-scale-preliminary-reliability-and-validity
#11
Michael Evangeli
Globally, there are 2 million HIV-positive 10-19-year-olds. One challenge for this population is sharing their HIV status with others (onward HIV disclosure). There are no multi-item, multidimensional scales of HIV disclosure cognitions and affect for young people living with HIV. An 18-item measure of HIV disclosure cognition and affect was developed, administered to 65 adolescents living with HIV (aged 12-16 years). Data were explored using principal component analysis and preliminary construct and criterion validity assessed...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339669/in-their-own-words-young-adults-menthol-cigarette-initiation-perceptions-experiences-and-regulation-perspectives
#12
Olivia A Wackowski, Kiameesha R Evans, Melissa B Harrell, Alexandra Loukas, M Jane Lewis, Cristine D Delnevo, Cheryl L Perry
Background: Menthol cigarettes are disproportionately used by young people and have been called smoking starter products. However, limited qualitative research exists on young adults' perceptions of and experiences with these products, with much of it based on document reviews of the tobacco industry's research. Methods: We conducted six focus groups with young adult (ages 18-24) menthol smokers in New Jersey (half with black smokers) between December 2014 and March 2015...
February 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339649/lgbtq-youth-and-young-adult-perspectives-on-a-culturally-tailored-group-smoking-cessation-program
#13
Neill Bruce Baskerville, Alanna Shuh, Katy Wong-Francq, Darly Dash, Aneta Abramowicz
Introduction: The prevalence of smoking among LGBTQ youth and young adults (YYAs) is much higher than that of non-LGBTQ young people. The current study explored LGBTQ YYA perceptions of a culturally tailored group smoking cessation counselling program, along with how the intervention could be improved. Methods: We conducted focus groups (n = 24) with 204 LGBTQ YYAs in Toronto and Ottawa, Canada. Open-ended questions focused on their feelings, likes and dislikes, concerns and additional ideas for a culturally tailored group cessation counselling intervention...
January 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339497/women-s-knowledge-and-perception-of-male-circumcision-before-and-after-its-roll-out-in-the-south-african-township-of-orange-farm-from-community-based-cross-sectional-surveys
#14
Barbara Maraux, Pascale Lissouba, Reathe Rain-Taljaard, Dirk Taljaard, Julie Bouscaillou, David Lewis, Adrian Puren, Bertran Auvert
The roll-out of medical male circumcision (MC) is progressing in Southern and Eastern Africa. Little is known about the effect of this roll-out on women. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and perceptions of women regarding MC in a setting before and after the roll-out. This study was conducted in the South African township of Orange Farm where MC prevalence among men increased from 17% to 53% in the period 2008-2010. Data from three community-based cross sectional surveys conducted in 2007, 2010 and 2012 among 1258, 1197 and 2583 adult women, respectively were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339420/a-pilot-study-of-a-worksite-based-participatory-intervention-program-its-acceptability-and-short-term-effects-on-work-climate-and-attitudes-in-human-service-employees
#15
Eva Charlotta Nylén, Petra Lindfors, Lars Ishäll, Sara Göransson, Gunnar Aronsson, Camilla Kylin, Magnus Sverke
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339352/approaching-environmental-sustainability-perceptions-of-self-efficacy-and-changeability
#16
Nicola S Schutte, Navjot Bhullar
This paper describes a model focused on the role of self-efficacy and belief in changeability of behavior in motivating environmentally sustainable behavior. The model was tested in two studies. The first study found that participants who had greater self-efficacy for sustainability behavior and a greater belief in their changeability of sustainability behavior had a higher level of approach motivation toward sustainability behavior and reported more such actual behavior. The second study investigated the effect of brief interventions intended to increase perception of self-efficacy for sustainability-related purchasing and changeability of sustainability-related purchasing...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339293/the-context-of-sexual-decisions-and-intrapersonal-and-interpersonal-factors-related-to-sexual-initiation-among-female-military-dependent-youth
#17
Belinda F Hernandez, Melissa F Peskin, Christine M Markham, Jean Burr, Timothy Roberts, Susan Tortolero Emery
Despite the sizable population of military-dependent youth (MDY) in the United States and the military stressors they experience (e.g., relocations, parental deployment), little is known about MDY's sexual behavior, especially about the perceived role that military stressors play in their sexual decisions, such as the decision to initiate sex. We conducted 25 semistructured, in-depth interviews with sexually experienced female MDY aged 15 to 19 years to (a) describe MDY's general perceptions of military life and (b) identify intrapersonal and interpersonal characteristics related to MDY's sexual initiation, including the perceived impact of military stressors...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339177/multisensory-speech-perception-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-from-phoneme-to-whole-word-perception
#18
Ryan A Stevenson, Sarah H Baum, Magali Segers, Susanne Ferber, Morgan D Barense, Mark T Wallace
Speech perception in noisy environments is boosted when a listener can see the speaker's mouth and integrate the auditory and visual speech information. Autistic children have a diminished capacity to integrate sensory information across modalities, which contributes to core symptoms of autism, such as impairments in social communication. We investigated the abilities of autistic and typically-developing (TD) children to integrate auditory and visual speech stimuli in various signal-to-noise ratios (SNR). Measurements of both whole-word and phoneme recognition were recorded...
March 24, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339141/don-t-touch-me-autistic-traits-modulate-early-and-late-erp-components-during-visual-perception-of-social-touch
#19
Leehe Peled-Avron, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
Although individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have impaired responses to interpersonal touch, the underlying neural correlates remain largely unknown. Here, we examined the neural correlates that underlie interpersonal touch perception in individuals with either high or low autistic traits. Fifty-three participants were classified as having either high or low autistic traits based on their performance on the autism quotient (AQ) questionnaire. We hypothesized that individuals with high AQ scores would have relatively high touch hypervigilance, reflected as earlier P1 and stronger late positive potential (LPP) responses, two components of event-related potentials that serve as electrophysiological markers of anxiety bias...
March 24, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338943/dysfunction-of-large-scale-brain-networks-in-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis-of-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#20
Debo Dong, Yulin Wang, Xuebin Chang, Cheng Luo, Dezhong Yao
Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder with disorganized communication among large-scale brain networks, as demonstrated by impaired resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC). Individual rsFC studies, however, vary greatly in their methods and findings. We searched for consistent patterns of network dysfunction in schizophrenia by using a coordinate-based meta-analysis. Fifty-six seed-based voxel-wise rsFC datasets from 52 publications (2115 patients and 2297 healthy controls) were included in this meta-analysis...
March 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
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