keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Perceptions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922699/vision-assessment-in-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities
#1
Werner Eisenbarth
PURPOSE: To investigate the degree of visual acuity in workers with intellectual disabilities and the impact of vision on their working conditions. METHODS: We recruited 224 workers (mean age 43.77 years, SD ± 12.96; range, 19-72 years) from a workshop for those with intellectual disabilities, to participate in a vision examination program. The assessment consisted of objective refraction, visual acuity, ocular motility, near-point of convergence, cover/uncover test, stereo acuity and colour perception...
September 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922654/student-s-perception-about-innovative-teaching-learning-practices-in-forensic-medicine
#2
Sanjay Gupta, Utsav N Parekh, Jaishree D Ganjiwale
BACKGROUND: Since decades, Forensic Medicine is mainly taught by didactic methods but in last couple of years some other teachinglearning and assessment methods are also introduced at some places which also lacks uniformity. Feedback from learners is most fundamental aspect to assess effectiveness of applied methods, but is not implemented in practice at most medical schools in India. Unfortunately, medical students are deprived of this practical empowerment and thus may not be efficient enough to contribute potentially to the justice system during their professional life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922512/interaction-of-spatial-and-non-spatial-cues-in-auditory-stream-segregation-in-the-european-starling
#3
Naoya Itatani, Georg M Klump
Integrating sounds from the same source and segregating sounds from different sources in an acoustic scene is an essential function of the auditory system. Naturally, the auditory system simultaneously makes use of multiple cues. Here, we investigate the interaction between spatial cues and frequency cues in stream segregation of European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) using an objective measure of perception. Neural responses to streaming sounds were recorded while the bird was performing a behavioral task that results in a higher sensitivity during a one-stream than a two-stream percept...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922457/how-negative-contact-and-positive-contact-with-whites-predict-collective-action-among-racial-and-ethnic-minorities
#4
Lydia E Hayward, Linda R Tropp, Matthew J Hornsey, Fiona Kate Barlow
Positive contact with advantaged group members can improve disadvantaged group members' attitudes towards them, yet it may also lower perceptions of group discrimination and consequent collective action. Little is known, however, about how negative contact with the advantaged predicts collective action among members of disadvantaged groups. With samples of Black and Hispanic Americans, we tested positive and negative contact with White Americans as predictors of self-reported collective action behaviour and future intentions...
September 18, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922403/the-declining-interest-in-an-academic-career
#5
Michael Roach, Henry Sauermann
There is increasing evidence that science & engineering PhD students lose interest in an academic career over the course of graduate training. It is not clear, however, whether this decline reflects students being discouraged from pursuing an academic career by the challenges of obtaining a faculty job or whether it reflects more fundamental changes in students' career goals for reasons other than the academic labor market. We examine this question using a longitudinal survey that follows a cohort of PhD students from 39 U...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922387/epistemic-beliefs-role-in-promoting-misperceptions-and-conspiracist-ideation
#6
R Kelly Garrett, Brian E Weeks
Widespread misperceptions undermine citizens' decision-making ability. Conclusions based on falsehoods and conspiracy theories are by definition flawed. This article demonstrates that individuals' epistemic beliefs-beliefs about the nature of knowledge and how one comes to know-have important implications for perception accuracy. The present study uses a series of large, nationally representative surveys of the U.S. population to produce valid and reliable measures of three aspects of epistemic beliefs: reliance on intuition for factual beliefs (Faith in Intuition for facts), importance of consistency between empirical evidence and beliefs (Need for evidence), and conviction that "facts" are politically constructed (Truth is political)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922318/vaccination-during-pregnancy-first-line-of-defense-for-expecting-mothers-and-vulnerable-young-infants
#7
Casidhe-Nicole Bethancourt, Tiffany L Wang, Joseph A Bocchini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Maternal vaccination is a well-tolerated and effective way to protect mothers, their developing fetuses, and their young infants from infectious diseases. Although influenza vaccine and diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine are recommended for all pregnant women, uptake rates in the United States remain low. This review will focus on the rationale, scientific evidence, and perceptions of vaccination during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies show that administration of influenza and Tdap vaccines during pregnancy is well tolerated and provides protection to the pregnant woman, her fetus, and young infant...
September 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922212/equity-of-physical-characteristics-between-adolescent-males-and-females-participating-in-single-or-mixed-gender-sport
#8
L M Krause, G A Naughton, A C Benson, S Tibbert
PURPOSE: Policies on single or mixed sex junior sports participation continue to be challenged publically and legally. Often challenges relate to perceptions of size and performance variability between adolescent males and females, yet the evidence base behind these challenges lacks recent review and rigor. METHODS: Physical performance was compared between males and females from two groups of younger (<13 years, n = 109, 67% females, 33% males) and older (>13 years, n = 108, 43% females, 57% males) adolescents...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922126/functional-contour-following-via-haptic-perception-and-reinforcement-learning
#9
Randall B Hellman, Cem Tekin, Mihaela van der Schaar, Veronica J Santos
Many tasks involve the fine manipulation of objects despite limited visual feedback. In such scenarios, tactile and proprioceptive feedback can be leveraged for task completion. We present an approach for real-time haptic perception and decision-making for a haptics-driven, functional contour-following task: the closure of a ziplock bag. This task is challenging for robots because the bag is deformable, transparent, and visually occluded by artificial fingertip sensors that are also compliant. A deep neural net classifier was trained to estimate the state of a zipper within a robot's pinch grasp...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922090/microsaccades-and-interest-areas-during-free-viewing-sport-task
#10
Alessandro Piras, Milena Raffi, Monica Perazzolo, Ivan Malagoli Lanzoni, Salvatore Squatrito
Microsaccades are important fixation eye movements for visual scene perception. Compared to novices, athletes make fewer fixations of longer duration toward limited interest areas crucial for action prediction. Thus, our aim was to study the microsaccade features during those fixations. Gaze behaviour of expert and novice table tennis players was recorder during a task in which subjects were instructed to predict the direction of the ball after the opponent's throw. Three interest areas from the opponent's body and one from the ball trajectory were identified...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922074/breast-cancer-survivors-perceptions-of-participating-in-a-supervised-exercise-intervention-an-exploratory-review-of-the-literature
#11
Leanne Livsey, Kiara Lewis
BACKGROUND: Despite the reported beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) during and after cancer diagnosis, current research data suggest that the percentages of breast cancer survivors who adhere to PA recommendations are low. The aim of the present systematic, critical review was to identify, analyze and provide a summary of qualitative literature findings, which have explored breast cancer survivors' experiences of participating in an exercise/PA intervention after cancer treatment...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922051/effect-of-hospital-simulation-tutorials-on-nursing-and-pharmacy-student-perception-of-interprofessional-collaboration-findings-from-a-pilot-study
#12
Paulina Stehlik, Astrid Frotjold, Carl R Schneider
Interprofessional learning (IPL) during formal training enables interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in the workforce; however, on-campus IPL opportunities are seldom incorporated into curricula. We describe the development and implementation of two hospital simulation tutorials between nursing and pharmacy students. Students were required to provide "usual care" to a simulated patient at admission and discharge. A pre-post survey design was used to evaluate changes in Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale (IEPS) score and student perceived educational value of the tutorials...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922040/professional-generational-and-gender-differences-in-perception-of-organisational-values-among-israeli-physicians-and-nurses-implications-for-retention
#13
Sigalit Warshawski, Sivia Barnoy, Ilya Kagan
The global health workforce today is more age diverse than ever before and spans three generations: baby boomers, X and Y generations. Each generation has a distinct set of characteristics, values, and beliefs. This diversity can lead to increased creativity and a greater richness of values and skills, but at the same time it can also lead to value clashes, disrespect, and conflicts. This study aimed to examine professional, generational, and gender differences in the perception of the importance of organisational values among nurses and physicians working in both hospitals and outpatient clinics in Israel...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922036/location-and-modality-effects-in-online-dating-rich-modality-profile-and-location-based-information-cues-increase-social-presence-while-moderating-the-impact-of-uncertainty-reduction-strategy
#14
Soyoung Jung, Soojin Roh, Hyun Yang, Frank Biocca
This study investigates how different interface modality features of online dating sites, such as location awareness cues and modality of profiles, affect the sense of social presence of a prospective date. We also examined how various user behaviors aimed at reducing uncertainty about online interactions affect social presence perceptions and are affected by the user interface features. Male users felt a greater sense of social presence when exposed to both location and accessibility cues (geographical proximity) and a richer medium (video profiles)...
September 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922033/controlling-you-watching-me-measuring-perception-control-on-social-media
#15
Melanie Keep, Alison Attrill-Smith
Online self-presentation assumes that individuals intentionally control how others perceive them based on their online behaviors. Existing tools are limited in their ability to measure this notion of perception control and there is little understanding around factors which may affect the desire for perception control. This article reports on the development of a perception control scale and comparisons of perception control across age and between genders. A total of 222 participants completed an online survey with items measuring perception control and participant demographics...
September 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922024/the-implementation-of-multiple-interprofessional-integrated-modules-by-health-sciences-faculty-in-chile
#16
Silvana Castillo-Parra, Sandra Oyarzo Torres, Mónica Espinoza Barrios, Ana María Rojas-Serey, Juan Diego Maya, Valeria Sabaj Diez, Verónica Aliaga Castillo, Manuel Castillo Niño, Luis Romero Romero, Jennifer Foster, Gustavo Hawes Barrios
Multiple interprofessional integrated modules (MIIM) 1 and 2 are two required, cross-curricular courses developed by a team of health professions faculty, as well as experts in education, within the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile. MIIM 1 focused on virtual cases requiring team decision-making in real time. MIIM 2 focused on a team-based community project. The evaluation of MIIM included student, teacher, and coordinator perspectives. To explore the perceptions of this interprofessional experience quantitative data in the form of standardised course evaluations regarding teaching methodology, interpersonal relations and the course organisation and logistics were gathered...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921995/the-angel-and-the-devil-on-your-shoulder-friends-mitigate-and-exacerbate-21st-birthday-alcohol-related-consequences
#17
Jennifer Fillo, Lindsey M Rodriguez, Amber M Anthenien, Clayton Neighbors, Christine M Lee
Twenty-first birthdays are associated with heavier drinking and more negative consequences than any other high-risk drinking event. Friends are the strongest social influence on young adult drinking; however, previous research on college students' drinking has often only examined individuals' perceptions of "friends" generally. Unfortunately, this may obscure the positive influence of some friends and the negative influence of others. Using data drawn from a larger intervention study aimed at reducing 21st birthday drinking, this research examined how specific friends (N = 166) who were present at 21st birthday celebrations may have exacerbated or mitigated celebrants' (N = 166) experience of alcohol-related consequences, as well as how characteristics of that friendship moderate these effects...
September 18, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921886/clinical-practices-and-attitudes-regarding-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-heart-failure-findings-from-the-core-needs-assessment-survey
#18
Jonathan Howlett, Josep Comin-Colet, Kenneth Dickstein, Ahmet Fuat, Gerhard Pölzl, Sean Delaney
AIMS: CORE is a continuing medical education initiative designed to support the evidence-based management of heart failure (HF) in the primary and secondary care settings. The goal of the CORE Needs Assessment Survey is to describe current clinical practice patterns and attitudes among global stakeholders in HF care. METHODS AND RESULTS: The CORE Steering Committee guided the development of survey questions to assess clinical practice, confidence, and attitudes/perceptions among cardiologists, primary care physicians, and nurses involved in HF management...
September 18, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921774/modulating-vicarious-tactile-perception-with-transcranial-electrical-current-stimulation
#19
Natalie C Bowling, Michael J Banissy
Our capacity to share the experiences of others is a critical part of social behaviour. One process thought to be important for this is vicarious perception. Passively viewing touch activates some of the same network of brain regions as the direct experience of touch. This vicarious experience is usually implicit, but for some people, viewing touch evokes conscious tactile sensations (mirror-touch synaesthesia). Recent work has attempted to induce conscious vicarious touch in those that do not normally experience these sensations, using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921772/interplay-of-classic-exp-and-specific-vfm-quorum-sensing-systems-on-the-phenotypic-features-of-dickeya-solani-strains-exhibiting-different-virulence-levels
#20
Marta Potrykus, Nicole Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat, Ewa Lojkowska
Bacteria from the genus Dickeya cause severe symptoms on numerous economically important plants. D. solani is the Dickeya species most frequently found on infected potato plants in Europe. D. solani strains from different countries show high genetic homogeneity but significant differences in their virulence level. Dickeya species possess two quorum sensing (QS) mechanisms: the Exp system based on classic N-acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) signals and a specific system depending on the production and perception of a molecule of unknown structure, Virulence Factor Modulating (VFM)...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
keyword
keyword
95784
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"