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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#1
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777968/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-food-perceptions-and-eating-behavior-using-a-novel-phone-application-in-adults-with-or-without-obesity
#2
Kholoud Alabduljader, Marion Cliffe, Francesco Sartor, Gabriele Papini, W Miles Cox, Hans-Peter Kubis
We developed a smart phone application to measure participants' food-reward perceptions and eating behavior in their naturalistic environment. Intensity ratings (0 - not at all to 10 - very strongly) of perceived anticipation of food (wanting) and food enjoyment at endpoint of intake (liking) were recorded as they occurred over a period of 14 days. Moreover, food craving trait, implicit and explicit attitude towards healthy food, and body composition were assessed. 53 participants provided complete data. Participants were classified by percentage of body fat; 33 participants with lower body fat (L-group) and 20 with higher body fat (H-group; ≥25% body fat for males and ≥32% for females)...
May 12, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777759/plant-nutraceuticals-as-antimicrobial-agents-in-food-preservation-terpenoids-polyphenols-and-thiols
#3
REVIEW
Ignacio Gutiérrez-Del-Río, Javier Fernández, Felipe Lombó
Synthetic food additives generate a negative perception in consumers. Therefore, food manufacturers search for safer natural alternatives as those involving phytochemicals and plant essential oils. These bioactives have antimicrobial activities widely proved in in vitro tests. Foodborne diseases cause thousands of deaths and millions of infections every year, mainly due to pathogenic bacteria as Salmonella spp., Campylobacter spp., Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes or Staphylococcus aureus...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777639/religious-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-men-towards-discontinuation-of-female-genital-cutting-in-nigeria-evidence-from-the-2013-nigeria-demographic-and-health-survey
#4
Ayotunde Titilayo, Martin E Palamuleni, John O Olaoye-Oyesola, Olumide M Owoeye
Men's roles in any patriarchal society and the influence of their religious belief cannot be overemphasized especially in a culturally encrypted matter like female genital cutting (FGC).The study sample consisted of 8,111 men who had previous awareness of FGC from a cross-sectional nationally representative survey in Nigeria. The data took into cognizance the religious belief of the respondents as well as their attitude towards FGC among others. Analytical bivariate and multivariate ordered logistic estimates for FGC discontinuation were considered for the study...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777609/evaluation-of-the-clinical-learning-experience-of-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#5
Elena Gurková, Katarína Žiaková
The purpose of the cross-sectional descriptive study was to explore and compare the students' experiences of the clinical environment and supervision in Slovakia. Students' clinical learning experience were measured by the valid and reliable clinical learning instrument. A higher frequency of successful supervisory experience was found in the universities which provided accredited mentor preparation programmes or courses and individualised supervisory approaches. Frequency of supervision meetings, the occupational title of a supervisor and mainly the supervision model have an association with students 'perceptions of different domains of clinical learning environment...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777552/nursing-care-providers-perceptions-on-their-role-contributions-in-patient-care-an-integrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth Kusi-Appiah, Sherry Dahlke, Sarah Stahlke
AIM: The aim of this integrative review was to explore registered nurses', licensed practical nurses', and health care aides' perceptions of their own and each other's role contributions. BACKGROUND: In response to contemporary economic and political pressures, healthcare institutions across the world have endeavored to download job duties to less educated healthcare providers. As a result, nursing care is usually delivered by a team of nursing staff that have different roles...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777487/factors-affecting-the-public-awareness-and-behavior-on-antibiotic-use
#7
Kyungmin Huh, Doo Ryeon Chung, So Hyun Kim, Sun Young Cho, Young Eun Ha, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck, Jae-Hoon Song
To evaluate the effects of demographic and perceptive factors on the knowledge, perception, and behavior regarding antibiotic use in the general public, we conducted three serial telephone interview surveys in 2010, 2012, and 2015. Computer-aided telephone interview was conducted, with a predetermined quota stratified by sex, age, and geographic location. Respondents who answered correctly to four or more questions were categorized as having better knowledge. A total of 3013 respondents participated. Better knowledge was associated with age < 60 years (OR 1...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777471/the-association-between-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-psychological-distress-in-their-parents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Isabel Yorke, Pippa White, Amelia Weston, Monica Rafla, Tony Charman, Emily Simonoff
This review (Prospero Registration Number: CRD42017057915) aimed to systematically identify and summarize existing research on the relationship between additional emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) in children with autism, and parenting stress (PS) and mental health problems (MHP) in their parents. Sixty-seven studies met criteria for inclusion in the review, 61 of which were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled correlation coefficients were in the low to moderate range ([Formula: see text]). Some evidence for moderation by measurement characteristics was found...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777420/what-role-do-masculine-norms-play-in-men-s-hiv-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
Katelyn M Sileo, Rebecca Fielding-Miller, Shari L Dworkin, Paul J Fleming
Men living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa are less likely to test for HIV than women. We conducted a scoping review in May of 2016 to identify how masculine norms influence men's HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa. Our review yielded a total of 13 qualitative studies from 8 countries. Masculine norms create both barriers and facilitators to HIV testing. Barriers included emotional inexpression, gendered communication, social pressures to be strong and self-reliant, and the fear that an HIV positive result would threaten traditional social roles (i...
May 18, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777368/organizational-context-and-individual-adaptability-in-promoting-perceived-importance-and-use-of-best-practices-for-substance-use
#10
Danica K Knight, George W Joe, David T Morse, Corey Smith, Hannah Knudsen, Ingrid Johnson, Gail A Wasserman, Nancy Arrigona, Larkin S McReynolds, Jennifer E Becan, Carl Leukefeld, Tisha R A Wiley
This study examines associations among organizational context, staff attributes, perceived importance, and use of best practices among staff in community-based, juvenile justice (JJ) agencies. As part of the National Institute on Drug Abuse's Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) study, 492 staff from 36 JJ agencies were surveyed about the perceived importance and use of best practices within their organization in five substance use practice domains: screening, assessment, standard referral, active referral, and treatment support...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777354/randomized-study-of-the-influence-of-two-dimensional-versus-three-dimensional-imaging-using-a-novel-3d-head-mounted-display-hms-3000mt-on-performance-of-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair
#11
M Patrzyk, M Klee, T Stefaniak, C D Heidecke, K Beyer
BACKGROUND: 3D laparoscopy has proven to be superior to the 2D approach in experimental settings. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of 3D laparoscopy using a novel head-mounted display on the performance of defined steps within a laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. This effect was investigated both in laparoscopically advanced surgeons and in beginners. METHODS: Patients suffering from symptomatic inguinal hernia were randomly assigned to laparoscopic hernia repair using either a head-mounted 3D display or a conventional 2D laparoscopic approach...
May 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777327/intensity-discrimination-and-speech-recognition-of-cochlear-implant-users
#12
Colette M McKay, Natalie Rickard, Katherine Henshall
The relation between speech recognition and within-channel or across-channel (i.e., spectral tilt) intensity discrimination was measured in nine CI users (11 ears). Within-channel intensity difference limens (IDLs) were measured at four electrode locations across the electrode array. Spectral tilt difference limens were measured with (XIDL-J) and without (XIDL) level jitter. Only three subjects could perform the XIDL-J task with the amount of jitter required to limit use of within-channel cues. XIDLs (normalized to %DR) were correlated with speech recognition (r = 0...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776804/hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-syndrome-a-review-of-functional-outcomes-in-two-high-volume-stroke-centers
#13
Abhi Pandhi, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Nitin Goyal, Muhammad F Ishfaq, Shailesh Male, Efstathios Boviatsis, Jason J Chang, Ramin Zand, Konstantinos Voumvourakis, Lucas Elijovich, Anne W Alexandrov, Marc D Malkoff, Daniel Hoit, Adam S Arthur, Andrei V Alexandrov
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite recent landmark randomized controlled trials showing significant benefits for hemicraniectomy (HCT) compared with medical therapy (MT) in patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI), HCT rates have not substantially increased in the United States. We sought to evaluate early outcomes in patients with MMCAI who were treated with HCT (cases) in comparison to patients treated with MT due to the perception of procedural futility by families (controls)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776744/discovering-mental-models-and-frames-in-learning-of-nursing-ethics-through-simulations
#14
J L Díaz Agea, M R Martín Robles, D Jiménez Rodríguez, I Morales Moreno, I Viedma Viedma, C Leal Costa
The acquisition of ethical competence is necessary in nursing. The aims of the study were to analyse students' perceptions of the process of learning ethics through simulations and to describe the underlying frames that inform the decision making process of nursing students. A qualitative study based on the analysis of simulated experiences and debriefings of six simulated scenarios with ethical content in three different groups of fourth-year nursing students (n = 30), was performed. The simulated situations were designed to contain ethical dilemmas...
May 15, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776734/taking-into-consideration-explanations-of-perception-action-interactions-that-may-be-less-dramatic-but-more-reflective-of-what-happens-in-the-real-world
#15
Robert W Proctor, Aiping Xiong
Bruce Bridgeman and colleagues reported the first experiments providing evidence of two functionally distinct visual-processing systems. We summarize that work and subsequent research that resulted in modifications of this view. Then, we describe studies of stimulus-response correspondence effects that provide evidence for distinct representations of responses. More recently, Bridgeman and colleagues examined whether "action affects perception", concluding that the phenomena can be more accurately construed as "information affects memory"...
May 15, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776732/posttraumatic-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-characterize-cardiac-arrest-survivors-perceived-recovery-at-hospital-discharge
#16
Alex Presciutti, Jayati Verma, Marykay Pavol, Deepti Anbarasan, Cristina Falo, Daniel Brodie, Leroy E Rabbani, David J Roh, Soojin Park, Jan Claassen, Sachin Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms, not cognitive or functional impairment, are associated with cardiac arrest survivors' negative recovery perceptions at hospital discharge. METHODS: Prospective observational cohort of cardiac arrest patients admitted between 9/2015-5/2017. Survival to discharge with sufficient mental status to complete a psychosocial interview was the main inclusion criterion. Perceived recovery was assessed through the question, "Do you feel that you have made a complete recovery from your arrest?" The following measures were examined as potential correlates of perceived recovery: Repeatable Battery for Assessment of Neuropsychological Status, Modified Lawton Physical Self-Maintenance Scale, Barthel Index, Modified Rankin Scale, Cerebral Performance Category, Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D), and PTSD Checklist-Specific (PCL-S)...
May 10, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776478/perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-effects-of-residential-summer-camp-in-their-patients
#17
P Galen DiDomizio, Ann Gillard
PURPOSE: A growing body of literature exists regarding medical specialty camps for children. However, very little of the research focuses on the perspectives of healthcare providers. This study explored perceptions of pediatric healthcare providers on a medical specialty camp for children. DESIGN AND METHODS: Interviews with five volunteer physicians and five nurses were conducted and analyzed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Results showed that healthcare providers perceived camp to be a positive influence on campers' normalization and healthcare ownership, and to strengthen patient-provider relationships...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776441/patients-expectation-strongly-associated-with-patients-perception-to-nursing-care-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Alem Girmay, Tekleweyni Marye, Mebrahtu Haftu, Dawit G/Her, Tsion Brhanu, Hadgu Gerensea
OBJECTIVE: Nursing care is one of the most important components of health care and patient expectation toward nursing care is being rising. Accordingly, patients' expectation needs to be managed adequately in order to improve outcomes and decrease liability through their perception. To improve the outcome based on the expectation of patients, we need to consider patients' perception to the care they received. So this study aims to identifies the perceptions toward nursing care and their associated factors...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776368/comparing-risk-environments-for-hiv-among-people-who-inject-drugs-from-three-cities-in-northern-mexico
#19
Angelica Ospina-Escobar, Carlos Magis-Rodríguez, Fatima Juárez, Dan Werb, Sergio Bautista Arredondo, Rubén Carreón, María Elena Ramos, Steffanie Strathdee
BACKGROUND: A large body of research has investigated the rise of injection drug use and HIV transmission in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez (CJ). However, little is known about the dynamics of injecting in Hermosillo. This study compares drug-related behaviors and risk environment for HIV of people who inject drugs (PWID) across Tijuana, CJ, and Hermosillo to identify factors that could explain differences in HIV prevalence. METHODS: Data from Tijuana belong to a prospective study (El Cuete IV)...
May 18, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775969/the-scale-on-community-care-perceptions-scope-for-nursing-students-a-development-and-psychometric-validation-study
#20
Margriet van Iersel, Rien de Vos, Corine Latour, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer
The aim of this study was to develop a valid instrument to measure student nurses' perceptions of community care (SCOPE). DeVellis' staged model for instrument development and validation was used. Scale construction of SCOPE was based on existing literature. Evaluation of its psychometric properties included exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis. After pilot-testing, 1062 bachelor nursing students from six institutions in the Netherlands (response rate 81%) took part in the study. SCOPE is a 35-item scale containing: background variables, 11 measuring the affective component, 5 measuring community care perception as a placement, 17 as a future profession, and 2 on the reasons underlying student preference...
May 11, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
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