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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141340/-survival-time-of-hiv-aids-death-cases-after-antiretroviral-therapy-and-related-factors-in-henan-province-2003-2015
#1
Z Y Chen, Q X Zhao, C F Li, C L Liu, X Yang, X Zhang, Y Sun
Objective: To analyze and investigate the survival time of dead HIV/AIDS patients after antiretroviral therapy (ART) and related factors in Henan province. Methods: The database of national integrated management system of HIV/AIDS was used to collect the information of dead patients who received ART between January 2003 and December 2015. Software SPSS 23.0 was used to analyze the survival time of dead patients and related factors. Result: A total of 6 267 AIDS patients died after ART and the average survival time was 23...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141339/-survival-time-of-hiv-aids-cases-and-related-factors-in-beijing-1995-2015
#2
Y Li, J Wang, S F He, J Chen, H Y Lu
Objective: To analyze the survival time of HIV/AIDS cases and related factors in Beijing from 1995 to 2015. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the data of 12 874 HIV/AIDS cases. The data were collected from Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Information Management System. Life table method was applied to calculate the survival proportion, and Cox proportion hazard regression model were used to identify the factors related with survival time. Results: Among 12 874 HIV/AIDS cases, 303 (2...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137967/procedural-and-thirty-day-outcomes-following-transfemoral-implantation-of-the-fully-repositionable-and-retrievable-lotus-valve-without-routine-pre-dilatation-in-a-consecutive-patient-cohort-a-single-centre-experience
#3
Neil Ruparelia, Katharine Thomas, James D Newton, Kate Grebenik, Amar Keiralla, George Krasopoulos, Rana Sayeed, Adrian P Banning, Rajesh K Kharbanda
BACKGROUND / PURPOSE: The Lotus valve (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA) is a contemporary transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) device that is fully repositionable and retrievable to aid implantation and optimise procedural results. The ability to implant the device without routine pre-dilatation is another possible advantage reducing associated risks and procedure times. The aim of this study is to report procedural and 30-day outcomes following TAVI in a consecutive patient group presenting with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis with the Lotus valve system without routine pre-dilatation...
November 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125989/prediction-of-mortality-risk-in-victims-of-violent-crimes
#4
Rolf Gedeborg, Bodil Svennblad, Liisa Byberg, Karl Michaëlsson, Ingemar Thiblin
BACKGROUND: To predict mortality risk in victims of violent crimes based on individual injury diagnoses and other information available in health care registries. METHODS: Data from the Swedish hospital discharge registry and the cause of death registry were combined to identify 15,000 hospitalisations or prehospital deaths related to violent crimes. The ability of patient characteristics, injury type and severity, and cause of injury to predict death was modelled using conventional, Lasso, or Bayesian logistic regression in a development dataset and evaluated in a validation dataset...
October 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118670/an-overview-of-the-role-of-platelets-in-angiogenesis-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-chronic-myeloid-leukaemia
#5
REVIEW
Lisa Repsold, Roger Pool, Mohammed Karodia, Gregory Tintinger, Annie Margaretha Joubert
Amongst males, leukaemia is the most common cause of cancer-related death in individuals younger than 40 years of age whereas in female children and adolescents, leukaemia is the most common cause of cancer-related death. Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a chronic leukaemia of the haematopoietic stem cells affecting mostly adults. The disease results from a translocation of the Philadelphia chromosome in stem cells of the bone marrow. CML patients usually present with mild to moderate anaemia and with decreased, normal, or increased platelet counts...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110102/pediatric-delirium-recognition-management-and-outcome
#6
REVIEW
Susan Beckwitt Turkel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review seeks to provide an update on the diagnosis, management, and outcome of pediatric delirium. RECENT FINDINGS: Care of patients with delirium depends on correct diagnosis and treatment of its underlying cause. A variety of instruments are available to aid diagnosis. Management of delirium currently depends on atypical antipsychotics, while avoiding agents that may precipitate or exacerbate it. While most critically ill children survive delirium, many children die or have worsening function after their illness...
November 7, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105554/good-clinical-and-radiographic-outcome-of-cementless-metal-metaphyseal-sleeves-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Martin Thorsell, Margareta Hedström, Marius C Wick, Rüdiger J Weiss
Background and purpose - The number of revision total knee arthroplasties (TKA) is continuously increasing, leading to a growing need for reliable management of metaphyseal bone loss. We evaluated patients operated with a TKA using metal metaphyseal sleeves for bone defects with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Patients and methods - 37 patients had been operated on. 3 patients died and 3 patients were lost during follow-up. Of the 31 remainders (20 women), 9 had been operated on with a primary TKA and 22 with a revision TKA at the index surgery...
November 6, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084276/late-presentation-of-hiv-infection-in-the-country-of-georgia-2012-2015
#8
Nikoloz Chkhartishvili, Otar Chokoshvili, Natalia Bolokadze, Maya Tsintsadze, Lali Sharvadze, Pati Gabunia, Natia Dvali, Akaki Abutidze, Tengiz Tsertsvadze
Late presentation for HIV care has important individual and population implications. The objective of this study was to explore the problem of late presentation in the country of Georgia. Data on adult persons newly diagnosed with HIV in Georgia between 2012 and 2015 were extracted from the national AIDS Health Information System. Late presenter was defined as a person diagnosed with HIV with a CD4 cell count <350 cells/mm3 or an AIDS defining illness regardless of the CD4 cell count in the six months after HIV diagnosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079153/antimicrobial-use-at-the-end-of-life
#9
REVIEW
Adam Baghban, Manisha Juthani-Mehta
At least one-third of patients at the end of life (EOL) receive interventions that are without benefit, and a similar proportion of patients die in the intensive care unit. Here, the authors discuss the role of antimicrobials in patients at the EOL, including the patient populations and scenarios in which antimicrobials may or may not have benefit. They also review adverse outcomes associated with antimicrobial use at the EOL, including societal harms. Finally, an algorithm to aid management of suspected infections at the EOL is proposed...
December 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053888/epidemiological-patterns-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-in-lithuania-and-clinical-features-in-adults-in-the-light-of-the-high-incidence-in-recent-years-a-retrospective-study
#10
Daiva Radzišauskienė, Kęstutis Žagminas, Loreta Ašoklienė, Arminas Jasionis, Rūta Mameniškienė, Arvydas Ambrozaitis, Ligita Jančorienė, Dalius Jatužis, Iveta Petraitytė, Evelina Mockienė
BACKGROUND: Lithuania is one of the countries with the highest incidence of TBE in Europe. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological patterns of TBE in Lithuania, and characterize clinical features in adults in the light of the high incidence in recent years. METHODS: Surveillance data available on the website of the Center for Communicable Diseases and AIDS of Lithuania were used to describe the epidemiological patterns of TBE. The retrospective study included 712 patients hospitalized in the Center for Infectious Diseases and the Center for Neurology of Vilnius University in the years 2005-2014...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048703/a-pilot-study-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-minimally-invasive-surgical-and-anesthetic-approach-for-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#11
Jonida Bejko, Demetrio Pittarello, Gianclaudio Falasco, Guido Di Gregorio, Vincenzo Tarzia, Giulio Rizzoli, Dario Gregori, Gino Gerosa, Tomaso Bottio
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to compare 2 surgical and anesthetic approaches during ventricular assist device implantation. METHODS: 68 patients (50.4 ± 17.1 years old) were supported with the HeartWare® HVAD (32 patients) and the Jarvik 2000 VAD (36 patients) between January 2010 and August 2016. Two surgical techniques were applied: a minimally invasive approach with the aid of paravertebral-block (mini-invasive group, 41 patients) and a standard-surgical-approach with the aid of general anesthesia (27 patients)...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042116/marginal-discrepancy-dimensions-of-single-unit-metal-crowns-fabricated-by-using-cad-cam-milled-acrylate-resin-polymer-blocks-or-a-conventional-waxing-technique
#12
David Lalande, Jeffrey A Hodd, John S Brousseau, Van Ramos, Daniel Dunham, Frederick Rueggeberg
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Because crowns with open margins are a well-known problem and can lead to complications, it is important to assess the accuracy of margins resulting from the use of a new technique. Currently, data regarding the marginal fit of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology to fabricate a complete gold crown (CGC) from a castable acrylate resin polymer block are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare marginal discrepancy widths of CGCs fabricated by using either conventional hand waxing or acrylate resin polymer blocks generated by using CAD-CAM technology...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040162/aids-defining-events-and-deaths-in-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-on-antiretrovirals-a-14-year-study-in-thailand
#13
Patrinee Traisathit, Tristan Delory, Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Rosalin Somsamai, Pornchai Techakunakorn, Sookchai Theansavettrakul, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Jutarat Mekmullica, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Sathaporn Na-Rajsima, Marc Lallemant, Tim R Cressey, Gonzague Jourdain, Intira Jeannie Collins, Sophie Le Coeur
BACKGROUND: Data are scarce on the long-term clinical outcomes of perinatally HIV-infected children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low/middle-income countries. We assessed the incidence of mortality before (early) and after (late) 6-month of ART and of the composite outcome of new/recurrent AIDS-defining-event or death >6 months after ART start (late AIDS/death) and their associated factors. METHODS: Study population was perinatally HIV-infected children (≤18 years) initiating ART within the Program for HIV Prevention and Treatment observational cohort (NCT00433030)...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038339/re-classifying-patients-with-early-stage-hodgkin-lymphoma-based-on-functional-radiographic-markers-at-presentation
#14
Mani Akhtari, Sarah A Milgrom, Chelsea C Pinnix, Jay P Reddy, Wenli Dong, Grace L Smith, Osama Mawlawi, Zeinab Abou Yehia, Jillian Gunther, Eleanor M Osborne, Therese Y Andraos, Christine F Wogan, Eric Rohren, Naveen Garg, Hubert Chuang, Joseph D Khoury, Yasuhiro Oki, Michelle Fanale, Bouthaina S Dabaja
The presence of bulky disease in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), traditionally defined with a 1-dimensional measurement, can change a patient's risk grouping and thus the treatment approach. We hypothesized that 3-dimensional measurements of disease burden obtained from baseline (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scans, such as metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG), would more accurately risk stratify patients. To test this hypothesis, we reviewed pretreatment PET-CT scans of patients with stage I-II HL treated at our institution between 2003-2013...
October 16, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036547/b-type-natriuretic-peptide-and-ventricular-dysfunction-in-the-prediction-of-cardiovascular-events-and-death-in-hypertension
#15
Joe Gallagher, Chris Watson, Shuaiwei Zhou, Fiona Ryan, Mark Ledwidge, Kenneth McDonald
Background: The prevalence and morbidity of hypertension continues to grow globally and improved methods of stratifying risk and identifying organ damage earlier are required. Methods such as echocardiography and population based risk scores are suggested by guidelines as approaches to aid in risk stratification. However, biomarkers such as natriuretic peptides may help provide such an approach. Methods: We analysed data from the STOP-HF cohort including participants with hypertension with and without a history of a cardiovascular event at baseline...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021643/cryptococcal-cerebellitis-in-no-vih-patient
#16
Fabricio Andres Lasso, Tomas Omar Zamora Bastidas, Jorge Andrés Potosí García, Bairon Díaz Idrobo
INTRODUCTION: Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic fungal infection whose etiology is Cryptococcus neofromans / C. gattii, complex which affects immunocompromised patients mainly. Meningeal infection is one of the most common presentations, but cerebellar affection is rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: Male patient with 65 old years, from an area of subtropical climate with chronic exposure to poultry, without pathological antecedents, who presented clinical picture consistent with headache, fever, seizures and altered mental status...
June 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017610/hiv-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-hungary
#17
András Ortutay, V Anna Gyarmathy, Zsuzsa Marjanek, Károly Nagy, József Rácz, István Barcs
BACKGROUND: Before 2014 (the year of closure of the two largest needle exchange programs in Hungary, which halved the number of available syringes in the country despite increased injecting risk practices) no HIV was reportedly acquired in Hungary among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) who were not also men who had sex with other men (MSM). In 2014, one and in 2015 two non-MSM PWIDs were newly diagnosed with HIV who supposedly became infected in Hungary, and both incident HIV cases in 2015 were diagnosed in the AIDS stage...
October 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976481/family-members-and-intensive-care-unit-nurses-response-to-the-ecg-memento%C3%A2-during-the-bereavement-period
#18
Mary Beiermann, Peggy Kalowes, Melissa Dyo, Amanda Mondor
BACKGROUND: In the United States, 20% of patients die in the intensive care unit (ICU), yet little is known about bereavement strategies to aid grieving families. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to study the bereavement experience for families in the ICU; secondary aim was to measure nurses' perception of end-of-life care, and a third was to evaluate the impact of the ECG Memento by families and nurses. METHODS: A prospective, descriptive study design was used, with a postsurvey methodology...
November 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975270/lung-cancer-mortality-associated-with-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states
#19
Krishna P Reddy, Chung Yin Kong, Emily P Hyle, Travis P Baggett, Mingshu Huang, Robert A Parker, A David Paltiel, Elena Losina, Milton C Weinstein, Kenneth A Freedberg, Rochelle P Walensky
Importance: Lung cancer has become a leading cause of death among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH). Over 40% of PLWH in the United States smoke cigarettes; HIV independently increases the risk of lung cancer. Objective: To project cumulative lung cancer mortality by smoking exposure among PLWH in care. Design: Using a validated microsimulation model of HIV, we applied standard demographic data and recent HIV/AIDS epidemiology statistics with specific details on smoking exposure, combining smoking status (current, former, or never) and intensity (heavy, moderate, or light)...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969918/marginal-and-internal-fit-of-pressed-lithium-disilicate-inlays-fabricated-with-milling-3d-printing-and-conventional-technologies
#20
Foudda R Homsy, Mutlu Özcan, Marwan Khoury, Zeina A K Majzoub
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The subtractive and additive computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) of lithium disilicate partial coverage restorations is poorly documented. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the marginal and internal fit accuracy of lithium disilicate glass-ceramic inlays fabricated with conventional, milled, and 3-dimensional (3D) printed wax patterns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A dentoform mandibular first molar was prepared for a mesio-occlusal ceramic inlay...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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