keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aid in dying

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209959/-principles-%C3%A2-cliff%C3%A2-pancreatic-necrosis-in-a-first-aid-hospital
#1
M D Dibirov, L V Domarev, E A Shitikov, A I Isayev, G S Karsotiyan
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic necrosis - acute surgical disease accompanying high rates of mortality and complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis of the treatment of 256 patients with pancreatic necrosis moderate and severe degrees. In the control group was conducted basic therapy, the main (n=158), which further were administered high doses of octreotide and endoscopic stenting of the main pancreatic duct to decrease the intraductal pressure, prevention and treatment of internal pancreatic fistula...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168134/ocular-inflammatory-disease-as-a-predictor-for-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-hospitalized-with-disseminated-tuberculosis
#2
Salil Mehta
AIM: To ascertain whether the presence of ocular inflammatory disease is a predictor for death in patients hospitalized with disseminated tuberculosis. METHODS: This is an IRB-approved retrospective study of patients admitted with a diagnosis of disseminated tuberculosis within a seven-year period (2002-2009). The following data was collected from each record: age, sex, details of previous surgeries or therapy, the findings of anterior segment examination, the findings of dilated indirect ophthalmoscopy, systemic findings, investigations done, treatment rendered, and final status (died or discharged)...
January 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160108/marginal-and-internal-fit-of-posterior-three-unit-fixed-zirconia-dental-prostheses-fabricated-with-two-different-cad-cam-systems-and-materials
#3
Joana Schönberger, Kurt-Jürgen Erdelt, Daniel Bäumer, Florian Beuer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the precision of fit of frameworks milled from semi-sintered regular zirconia and high-translucent (HT) zirconia blanks, fabricated with two different CAD/CAM systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three-unit, posterior fixed dental prostheses (FDP) frameworks were fabricated for standardized dies (n = 11) with two different laboratory computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) systems (Cercon/Ceramill)...
February 4, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156653/time-trade-offs-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#4
Dana B Mukamel, David E Cohn, Laura Havrilesky, Alexi A Wright, Joseph Lipscomb, Lisa Sparks, Heather Ladd, Kathryn Osann
: 20 Background: Most women with advanced ovarian cancer develop recurrence and die within five years of diagnosis. This creates a clinical imperative to discuss tradeoffs between the risks and benefits of treatment options. The purpose of this study is to examine the experience of ovarian cancer patients presented with a decision aid leading them through a time-tradeoff (TTO) exercise to guide choice of therapy. METHODS: Newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer patients (N = 64) participated in a study evaluating the effectiveness and usefulness of a Patient-Centered Outcome Aid (PCOA)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151937/conspiracy-beliefs-and-knowledge-about-hiv-origins-among-adolescents-in-soweto-south-africa
#5
Robert Hogg, Busisiwe Nkala, Janan Dietrich, Alexandra Collins, Kalysha Closson, Zishan Cui, Steve Kanters, Jason Chia, Bernard Barhafuma, Alexis Palmer, Angela Kaida, Glenda Gray, Cari Miller
PURPOSE: We examined adolescents' knowledge regarding the origin of HIV/AIDS and correlates of beliefs surrounding conspiracy theories in Soweto, South Africa. Now, a decade post-AIDS denialism, South Africa has the largest antiretroviral therapy roll-out worldwide. However, conspiracy theories stemming from past AIDS denialism may impact HIV prevention and treatment efforts. METHODS: Study participants were recruited through the Kganya Motsha Adolescent Health Centre and the Perinatal HIV Research Unit's Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Study (BBAHS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149137/clinico-epidemiological-analysis-of-hiv-aids-patients
#6
Baris Ertunc, Selcuk Kaya, Iftihar Koksal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine clinico-epidemiological properties of HIV/AIDS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this purpose, 115 HIV/AIDS patients monitored in our clinic between January 1, 1998, and December 31, 2013, were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: For the 115 patients with a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS that we monitored, the mean age at the time of presentation was 34.5±13.21 (10-79) years. Eighty-nine (76.5%) patients were male and 27 (23...
October 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148246/development-of-a-respiratory-severity-score-for-hospitalized-adults-in-a-high-hiv-prevalence-setting-south-africa-2010-2011
#7
Alexander J Millman, Adena Greenbaum, Sibongile Walaza, Adam L Cohen, Michelle J Groome, Carrie Reed, Meredith McMorrow, Stefano Tempia, Marietjie Venter, Florette K Treurnicht, Shabir A Madhi, Cheryl Cohen, Ebrahim Variava
BACKGROUND: Acute lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) are a frequent cause of hospitalization and mortality in South Africa; however, existing respiratory severity scores may underestimate mortality risk in HIV-infected adults in resource limited settings. A simple predictive clinical score for low-resource settings could aid healthcare providers in the management of patients hospitalized with LRTI. METHODS: We analyzed 1,356 LRTI hospitalizations in adults aged ≥18 years enrolled in Severe Acute Respiratory Illness (SARI) surveillance in three South African hospitals from January 2010 to December 2011...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146066/current-and-future-repellent-technologies-the-potential-of-spatial-repellents-and-their-place-in-mosquito-borne-disease-control
#8
REVIEW
Edmund J Norris, Joel R Coats
Every year, approximately 700,000 people die from complications associated with etiologic disease agents transmitted by mosquitoes. While insecticide-based vector control strategies are important for the management of mosquito-borne diseases, insecticide-resistance and other logistical hurdles may lower the efficacy of this approach, especially in developing countries. Repellent technologies represent another fundamental aspect of preventing mosquito-borne disease transmission. Among these technologies, spatial repellents are promising alternatives to the currently utilized contact repellents and may significantly aid in the prevention of mosquito-borne disease if properly incorporated into integrated pest management approaches...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145959/early-results-of-acetabular-reconstruction-after-wide-periacetabular-oncologic-resection
#9
Matthew P Abdel, Philipp von Roth, Kevin I Perry, Peter S Rose, David G Lewallen, Franklin H Sim
BACKGROUND: Reliable acetabular fixation in total hip arthroplasty following periacetabular resections is challenging. Tantalum components have been successfully implemented for difficult revision arthroplasties, but, to our knowledge, have not been reported for acetabular reconstruction following oncologic periacetabular resection. The primary purpose of the current study was to determine the early clinical outcomes, complications, and radiographic findings for acetabular reconstruction after oncologic periacetabular resection...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143541/immunological-outcomes-of-tenofovir-versus-zidovudine-based-regimens-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-two-years-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Teshale Ayele, Habtemu Jarso, Girma Mamo
BACKGROUND: Tenofovir (TDF) based regimen was reported to have better immunological outcomes. Unfortunately, there is limited information regarding the immunologic outcome associated with this regimen in Ethiopia, as its routine utilization in this setting begun since 2013. METHODS: A 2 years retrospective cohort study was conducted at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, 346 km Southwest of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A total of 280 patients' data from September 2012 to July 2014 was extracted from records from February 10, 2015 to March 10, 2015...
February 1, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135117/an-11-year-study-of-home-hospice-service-trends-in-singapore-from-2000-to-2010
#11
Benedict John Ho, Ramaswamy Akhileswaran, Grace Su Yin Pang, Gerald Choon Huat Koh
BACKGROUND: Hospice care is most appropriate when a patient no longer benefits from curative treatment and has limited life expectancy. These patients may suffer from any type of life-limiting illness, including end-stage cancer, end-stage heart disease, end-stage renal failure, AIDS, and Alzheimer's disease, among other illnesses. Patients are managed on their pain and symptoms and home hospice care manages these patients in the comfort of their own home, enabling patients to spend their last days with dignity and have a good quality of life...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132999/trends-and-characteristics-of-all-cause-mortality-among-hiv-infected-inpatients-during-the-haart-era-2006-2015-in-shanghai-china
#12
Yongjia Ji, Zhenyan Wang, Jiayin Shen, Jun Chen, Junyang Yang, Tangkai Qi, Wei Song, Yang Tang, Li Liu, Yinzhong Shen, Renfang Zhang, Hongzhou Lu
Globally, the overall mortality rate among HIV-infected patients has significantly declined during the HAART era. Deaths among HIV-infected inpatients need to be characterized in order to formulate intervention strategies to further improve medical care for this population and their prognosis. In the current study, deaths among HIV-infected inpatients from 2006 to 2015 at a medical center for HIV infection and AIDS patient care in Shanghai, China were retrospectively analyzed. Trends in mortality rates and the proportion of deaths caused by AIDS or non-AIDS-related illnesses were evaluated...
January 30, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129899/-predictors-of-prolonged-icu-stay-following-elective-adult-cardiac-surgery-monocentric-retrospective-study-on-5%C3%A2-and-half-years
#13
M Meziane, A Koundi, A Meskine, M Bensghir, A Hatim, R Ahtil, M Ait Houssa, A Boulahya, C Haimeur, M Drissi
AIM: The aim of our study was to identify predictors for prolonged ICU stay following elective adult cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted during 5 years and a half period. Were included, patients age≥18 years old, underwent elective cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients who died within 48hours of surgery were excluded. Prolonged ICU stay was defined as stay in the ICU for 48hours or more...
January 24, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129343/plasma-hiv-1-tropism-and-the-risk-of-short-term-clinical-progression-to-aids-or-death
#14
Maria Casadellà, Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri, Andrew Phillips, Marc Noguera-Julian, Markus Bickel, Dalibor Sedlacek, Kai Zilmer, Bonaventura Clotet, Jens D Lundgren, Roger Paredes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if plasma HIV-1 tropism testing could identify subjects at higher risk for clinical progression and death in routine clinical management. DESIGN: Nested case-control study within the EuroSIDA cohort. METHODS: Cases were subjects with AIDS or who died from any cause, with a plasma sample with HIV-1 RNA >1000 copies/mL available for tropism testing 3 to 12 months prior to the event. At least 1 control matched for age, HIV-1 RNA and HCV status at the time of sampling were selected per each case...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124313/policy-makers-the-international-community-and-the-population-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-diseases-case-study-on-hiv-aids
#15
Kjell Hausken, Mthuli Ncube
A four-period game is developed between a policy maker, the international community, and the population. This research supplements, through implementing strategic interaction, earlier research analyzing "one player at a time". The first two players distribute funds between preventing and treating diseases. The population reacts by degree of risky behavior which may cause no disease, disease contraction, recovery, sickness/death. More funds to prevention implies less disease contraction but higher death rate given disease contraction...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120739/management-of-complex-chd-at-the-national-cardiothoracic-center-of-excellence-university-of-nigeria-teaching-hospital-enugu-the-role-of-foreign-cardiac-missions-in-3-5-years
#16
Andrew I Nwafor, Josephat M Chinawa, Daberechi K Adiele, Ijeoma O Arodiwe, Ndubueze Ezemba, John C Eze, Ikenna Omeje, Onyiye A Arua, William Novick
BACKGROUND: CHD is defined as structural defect(s) in the heart and proximal blood vessels present at birth. The National Cardiothoracic Center of Excellence, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu, through the aid of visiting Cardiac Missions has managed a significant number of patients within the last 3.5 years. Aim/Objective The objective of this study was to review surgical options and outcome of complex CHD among patients attending UNTH, Enugu, Enugu. Materials and Method During the period of 3...
January 25, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120605/hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-mimics-many-common-conditions-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#17
A T Akenroye, N Madan, F Mohammadi, J Leider
Introduction. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a rare but potentially fatal disease, is characterized by excessive immune activation and cytokine release which stimulates bone marrow macrophages to engulf hematopoietic cells. HLH could be secondary to infections: viral, fungal, and bacterial; malignancies and autoimmune diseases. The diagnosis of HLH is usually delayed due to the presence of non-specific symptoms at presentation. This delay contributes to increased mortality. Cases and review. We present the case of 4 patients who presented with subjective fevers and extreme fatigue...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119277/hiv-care-and-viral-suppression-during-the-last-year-of-life-a-comparison-of-hiv-infected-persons-who-died-of-hiv-attributable-causes-with-persons-who-died-of-other-causes-in-2012-in-13-us-jurisdictions
#18
William K Adih, H Irene Hall, Richard M Selik, Xiuchan Guo
BACKGROUND: Little information is available about care before death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons who die of HIV infection, compared with those who die of other causes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to compare HIV care and outcome before death among persons with HIV who died of HIV-attributable versus other causes. METHODS: We used National HIV Surveillance System data on CD4 T-lymphocyte counts and viral loads within 12 months before death in 2012, as well as on underlying cause of death...
January 24, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115644/multiparametric-image-analysis-of-rat-dorsal-root-ganglion-cultures-to-evaluate-peripheral-neuropathy-inducing-chemotherapeutics
#19
Liang Guo, John Hamre, Sandy Eldridge, Holger P Behrsing, Facundo M Cutuli, Jodie Mussio, Myrtle Davis
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a major, dose-limiting adverse effect experienced by cancer patients. Advancements in mechanism-based risk mitigation and effective treatments for CIPN can be aided by suitable in vitro assays. To this end, we developed a multiparametric morphology-centered rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) assay. Morphologic alterations in subcellular structures of neurons and non-neurons were analyzed with an automated microscopy system. Stains for NeuN (a neuron-specific nuclear protein) and Tuj-1 (β-III tubulin) were used to identify neuronal cell nuclei and neuronal cell bodies/neurites, respectively...
January 22, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115428/medical-aid-in-dying
#20
EDITORIAL
Roger Ladouceur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
keyword
keyword
95780
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"