Read by QxMD icon Read

Singapore obesity

R Dorajoo, R T-H Ong, X Sim, L Wang, W Liu, E S Tai, J Liu, S-M Saw
INTRODUCTION: Recent genome-wide association studies have identified 103 adult obesity risk loci; however, it is unclear if these findings are relevant to East-Asian childhood body mass index (BMI) levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated for paediatric obesity associations at these risk loci utilizing genome-wide data from Chinese childhood subjects in the Singapore Cohort study Of the Risk factors for Myopia study (N = 1006). A weighted gene-risk score of all adult obesity risk loci in the Singapore Cohort study Of the Risk factors for Myopia study showed strong associations with BMI at age 9 (p-value = 3...
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
Kristin Hui Xian Tan, Elizabeth Barr, Vira Koshkina, Stefan Ma, Sudhir Kowlessur, Dianna J Magliano, Stefan Söderberg, Kee Seng Chia, Paul Zimmet, Wei-Yen Lim
BACKGROUND: Asia is experiencing a type 2 diabetes epidemic but prevalence differs by ethnicity and level of socio-economic development. Singapore and Mauritius have implemented comprehensive campaigns to address this public health problem. We compared diabetes and obesity prevalence trends among Chinese and South Asians living in Singapore and Mauritius to determine the contribution of ethnicity and economic development to diabetes. METHODS: Age-specific data from serial national population-based surveys in Singapore and Mauritius between 1987 and 2010 were used to estimate age-standardised diabetes and obesity prevalence...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Pin Pin Pek, En Yun Loy, Win Wah, Andrew Fu Wah Ho, Huili Zheng, Stephanie Man Chung Fook-Chong, Terrance Siang Jin Chua, Tian Hai Koh, Khuan Yew Chow, Nan Liu, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
OBJECTIVE: Early reperfusion therapy in the treatment of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients can improve outcomes. Silent myocardial infarction is associated with poor prognosis, but little is known about its effect on treatment delays. We aimed to characterize STEMI patients presenting without complaints of pain to the emergency departments (EDs) in Singapore. METHODS: Retrospective data were requested from the Singapore Myocardial Infarction Registry (SMIR), a national level registry in Singapore...
September 29, 2016: CJEM
Izzuddin M Aris, Jonathan Y Bernard, Ling-Wei Chen, Mya Thway Tint, Wei Wei Pang, Wai Yee Lim, Shu E Soh, Seang-Mei Saw, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Michael S Kramer, Yung Seng Lee
BACKGROUND: Infant body mass index (BMI) peak has received much interest recently as a potential predictor of future obesity and metabolic risk. No studies, however, have examined infant BMI peak in Asian populations, in whom the risk of metabolic disease is higher. METHODS: We utilized data among 1020 infants from a mother-offspring cohort, who were Singapore citizens or permanent residents of Chinese, Malay or Indian ethnicity with homogeneous parental ethnic backgrounds, and did not receive chemotherapy, psychotropic drugs or have diabetes mellitus...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Stefan G Camps, Nan Xin Wang, Wei Shuan Kimberly Tan, C Jeyakumar Henry
BACKGROUND: Measurement of basal metabolic rate (BMR) is suggested as a tool to estimate energy requirements. Therefore, BMR prediction equations have been developed in multiple populations because indirect calorimetry is not always feasible. However, there is a paucity of data on BMR measured in overweight and obese adults living in Asia and equations developed for this group of interest. The aim of this study was to develop a new BMR prediction equation for Chinese adults applicable for a large BMI range and compare it with commonly used prediction equations...
2016: Nutrition Journal
Ye-Li Wang, Woon-Puay Koh, Mohammad Talaei, Jian-Min Yuan, An Pan
BACKGROUND: Increased triglycerides (TG) and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are risk factors for type 2 diabetes (T2D). The relationship between TG:HDL-C ratio and T2D risk is not clear, and it is not known whether the association is modified by gender, body mass index, or fasting status. This study examined the relationship between TG:HDL-C ratio and risk of incident T2D, and the predictive ability of the ratio on top of other diabetes risk factors. METHODS: Blood biomarkers were determined in 571 T2D cases and 571 controls nested within a prospective, population-based cohort study, the Singapore Chinese Health Study...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
Saleha Shafie, Shazana Shahwan, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Vaingankar, Louisa Picco, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Yunjue Zhang, Li Ling Ng, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify socio-demographic correlates of slow gait speed among Singapore older adult residents and to examine the relationship between slow gait speed and the older adult residents' social network, physical health status, disability and mental health status. METHODS: Trained interviewers administered the adapted 10/66 research protocol through face-to-face interviews to 2565 respondents aged 60 and over. Information on gait test, socio-demographic characteristics, obesity, social network, physical status and activity, overall health, disability and mental health status were collected...
July 19, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Xinyan Bi, Siew Ling Tey, Claudia Leong, Rina Quek, Yi Ting Loo, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
BACKGROUND: Obesity has long been highlighted for its association with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Nonetheless, the best adiposity indices to evaluate the CVD risk factors remain contentious and few studies have been performed in Asian populations. In the present study, we compared the association strength of percent body fat (PBF) to indirect anthropometric measures of general adiposity (body mass index (BMI) and body adiposity index (BAI)) and central adiposity (waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)) for the prediction of CVD risk factors in healthy men and women living in Singapore...
2016: BMC Obesity
Tuck Seng Cheng, See Ling Loy, Jia Ying Toh, Yin Bun Cheung, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Seang Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Yung Seng Lee, Ngee Lek, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Fabian Yap
BACKGROUND: The influence of circadian feeding patterns on weight outcomes has been shown in animal and human studies but not in very young children. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the association of infant circadian feeding patterns at 12 mo of age with subsequent growth and weight status after 1 y. DESIGN: Mothers from a Singapore birth cohort (n = 349) reported the food given to their infants and the feeding time at 12 mo of age. Predominantly daytime (pDT) (0700-1859; n = 282) and predominantly nighttime (pNT) (1900-0659; n = 67) feeding infants were defined by whether daytime energy intake was >50% or <50% of total energy intake as assessed with the use of a 24-h recall...
August 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yung Seng Lee, Stuart Biddle, Mei Fen Chan, Anton Cheng, Magdalin Cheong, Yap Seng Chong, Ling Li Foo, Chung Horn Lee, Su Chi Lim, Wee Sian Ong, Jonathan Pang, Shanker Pasupathy, Robert Sloan, Mollie Seow, Grace Soon, Benedict Tan, Thiam Chye Tan, Soo Lay Teo, Kwang Wei Tham, Rob M van Dam, John Wang
The Health Promotion Board (HPB) has developed the Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) on Obesity to provide health professionals in Singapore with recommendations for evidence-based interventions for obesity. This article summarises the introduction, epidemiology and executive summary of the key recommendations from the HPB-MOH CPG on Obesity for the information of SMJ readers. The chapters and page numbers mentioned in the reproduced extract refer to the full text of the guidelines, which are available from the Health Promotion Board website: http://www...
June 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Restria Fauziana, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Vaingankar, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Saleha Shafie, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence and relationship of Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR) with chronic health conditions and their associated socio-demographic correlates in the elderly population of Singapore. METHODS: The data was extracted from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study, a comprehensive single phase, cross-sectional, population-based, epidemiological study conducted in 2013 among Singaporean residents (n = 2565) aged 60 years and above with a mean age of 72...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Michael S Kramer, Xun Zhang, Izzuddin Bin Aris, Mourad Dahhou, Ashley Naimi, Seungmi Yang, Richard M Martin, Emily Oken, Robert W Platt
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of early life influences on later growth in childhood have varied in their analytical approaches, particularly with respect to 'adjustment' for differences in size at the beginning of the growth period examined. METHODS: We compared three commonly used statistical models to assess the effect of maternal body mass index (BMI) on growth between 6.5 and 11.5 years in a large cohort of Belarusian children, as follows: (Model 1) analysis of the difference in anthropometric measurements between the two ages; (Model 2) analysis of the measurement at 11...
June 12, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
Weiting Jiang, Janice Tan, Daniel B Fassnacht
Obesity is not only associated with an increased risk of numerous health problems, but also with high rates of stigmatization and weight-related bias. Anti-fat attitudes have been shown to be prevalent in Western samples; however, there is a lack of studies investigating both implicit and explicit anti-fat bias in Asian populations. There is also limited research investigating the relationship between anti-fat attitudes and weight-related behavioral intentions. Thus, this study aimed to examine anti-fat bias and its effect on behavioral intentions using three types of measures-implicit, explicit, and a revised behavioral intention measure-in a sample of 104 Asian females in Singapore...
May 20, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Swarup Mukherjee, Hin Fong Leong, Xiao Xuan Wong
AIM: Population-specific waist circumference (WC) percentiles are crucial for screening children at higher obesity-related metabolic risk. This study aimed to develop age- and gender-specific WC percentile curves for Singaporean children and adolescents. METHODS: 3029 participants (boys, 1506; girls, 1523) from different population strata of Singapore were recruited. Stature, weight and WC were measured and BMI calculated. Smoothed WC percentile curves and cut-offs for the 3rd, 5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 85th, 90th, 95th, 97th were constructed using the Cole's LMS method...
May 11, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Mary Foong-Fong Chong, M Na'im M Ayob, Kok Joon Chong, E-Shyong Tai, Chin Meng Khoo, Melvin Khee-Shing Leow, Yung Seng Lee, Kwang Wei Tham, Kavita Venkataraman, Michael J Meaney, Hwee Lin Wee, Eric Yin-Hao Khoo
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies reveal that the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), which assesses eating behaviour, performs differently across population groups and cultures. We aimed to identify the factor structure that is most appropriate to capture eating behaviour in an overweight and obese Chinese population in Singapore. METHODS: TFEQ-51 was administered to 444 Chinese subjects pooled from four separate studies and scored according to various alternative versions of the TFEQ...
June 1, 2016: Appetite
Tze Pin Ng, Liang Feng, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Qi Gao, May Li Lim, Simon L Collinson, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Tih Shih Lee, Philip Yap, Keng Bee Yap
IMPORTANCE: The association of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and component cardiovascular risk factors with the risk of developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and MCI progression to dementia is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of the MetS and its component cardiovascular risk factors with the incidence of MCI and its progression to dementia. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective longitudinal study from September 1, 2003, through December 31, 2009, in communities in 5 districts in the South East region of Singapore...
April 2016: JAMA Neurology
Tuck Seng Cheng, See Ling Loy, Yin Bun Cheung, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Mya Thway Tint, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Kenneth Kwek, Seang Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Yung Seng Lee, Fabian Yap, Ngee Lek
OBJECTIVE: Inaccurate parental perception of their child's weight status is commonly reported in Western countries. It is unclear whether similar misperception exists in Asian populations. This study aimed to evaluate the ability of Singaporean mothers to accurately describe their three-year-old child's weight status verbally and visually. METHODS: At three years post-delivery, weight and height of the children were measured. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and converted into actual weight status using International Obesity Task Force criteria...
2016: PloS One
Jia Ying Goh, Song He, John Carson Allen, Rahul Malhotra, Thiam Chye Tan
BACKGROUND: Progesterone is an important biomarker of early pregnancy failure. However, literature is limited regarding factors that influence progesterone levels in early pregnancy. Maternal obesity has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) and serum progesterone level in first trimester singleton pregnancies for 194 women at a tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore, from January 2012 to February 2014...
September 1, 2016: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"