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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731049/composite-hemangioendothelioma-with-neuroendocrine-marker-expression-an-aggressive-variant
#1
Kyle D Perry, Alyaa Al-Lbraheemi, Brian P Rubin, Jin Jen, Hongzheng Ren, Jin Sung Jang, Asha Nair, Jaime Davila, Stefan Pambuccian, Andrew Horvai, William Sukov, Henry D Tazelaar, Andrew L Folpe
Aberrant expression of neuroendocrine markers is extremely rare in endothelial neoplasms, with only a single report describing three cases. Although originally classified as conventional angiosarcoma, further assessment of these tumors revealed a strikingly composite morphology composed of retiform and epithelioid elements reminiscent of composite hemangioendothelioma, a rare subtype of hemangioendothelioma. To further investigate these findings, available materials from 11 morphologically distinctive endothelial tumors showing neuroendocrine marker expression were retrieved from our archives...
July 21, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729408/femoral-artery-atherosclerosis-is-associated-with-physical-function-across-the-spectrum-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-the-san-diego-population-study
#2
Christina L Wassel, Alicia M Ellis, Natalie C Suder, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Dena E Rifkin, Nketi I Forbang, Julie O Denenberg, Antoinette M Marasco, Belinda J McQuaide, Nancy S Jenny, Matthew A Allison, Joachim H Ix, Michael H Criqui
BACKGROUND: The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is inadequate to detect early-stage atherosclerotic disease, when interventions to prevent functional decline may be the most effective. We determined associations of femoral artery atherosclerosis with physical functioning, across the spectrum of the ABI, and within the normal ABI range. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2007-2011, 1103 multiethnic men and women participated in the San Diego Population Study, and completed all components of the summary performance score...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728076/age-explains-limited-hip-extension-recovery-at-one-year-from-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Davide Mazzoli, Erika Giannotti, Maria Longhi, Paolo Prati, Stefano Masiero, Andrea Merlo
BACKGROUND: To investigate the dependency of the one-year recovery in gait after total hip arthroplasty on age and preoperative conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective study on 20 elderly patients with unilateral total hip arthroplasty consequent to hip osteoarthritis, assessed by gait analysis before surgery (T0), 2weeks (T1), 6 (T2) and 12months (T3) post-surgery. A set of variables assessing primary gait deviations and compensatory mechanisms were extracted from gait analysis data...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726053/the-effect-of-different-ankle-and-knee-supports-on-balance-in-early-ambulation-of-post-stroke-hemiplegic-patients
#4
Burcu Talu, Zilan Bazancir
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different ankle and knee supports on balance in early ambulation of post-stroke hemiplegic patients. This is a randomized experimental study. The study sample included 20 hemiplegic patients who were able to stand with support and who had been diagnosed with a cerebrovascular accident within the last month. A knee immobilization brace (KIB) was first placed on each individual (first application), followed by placement of knee immobilizer brace and Foot Lifter Orthosis ® (FLO) (second application), and lastly, placement of KIB and rigid taping (RT) (third application)...
July 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723758/total-knee-arthroplasty-conversion-after-a-failed-lateral-closing-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-with-knee-hyperextension-and-secondary-ankle-degeneration-a-case-report
#5
Chen Yao, Xingquan Xu, Sheng Zhou, Xiaoxiao Song, Dongquan Shi, Qing Jiang
RATIONALE: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) has been used widely for medial compartment knee osteoarthritis to correct the deformity and relieve symptoms, especially in young patients who are willing to maintain the high activity level. However, the change of bone morphology, ligament imbalance, limb malalignment, and other complications may influence the short-term outcomes of HTO. Some cases may even require conversion to TKA shortly after HTO because of the loss of correction or pain due to accelerated osteoarthritis...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722491/comparative-effectiveness-of-plantar-massage-techniques-on-postural-control-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#6
Erik A Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Ashley Lea, Nastassia Brown
CONTEXT:   One of the major concerns after an acute lateral ankle sprain is the potential for development of chronic ankle instability (CAI). The existing research has determined that clinician-delivered plantar massage improves postural control in those with CAI. However, the effectiveness of self-administered treatments and the underlying cause of any improvements remain unclear. OBJECTIVES:   To determine (1) the effectiveness of a self-administered plantar-massage treatment in those with CAI and (2) whether the postural-control improvements were due to the stimulation of the plantar cutaneous receptors...
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713039/efficacy-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-types-on-walking-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Hassan Saeedi, John S Head
BACKGROUND: Ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are orthotic devices that can be used to normalize the walking pattern of children with cerebral palsy (CP). One of the aims of orthotic management is to produce a more normal gait pattern by positioning joints in the proper position to reduce pathological reflex or spasticity. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature and establish the effect of treatment with various types of AFOs on gait patterns of children with CP...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704747/two-cases-of-late-medial-instability-of-the-knee-due-to-hip-disease-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Masanori Tsubosaka, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Naoki Nakano, Ryosuke Kuroda
INTRODUCTION: There are few specific reports of late medial instability after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We described two cases of late medial instability of the knee due to hip disease with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis after TKA, which required revision TKA. PRESENTATION OF CASES: An 82-year-old woman experienced right femoral neck fracture due to a fall that required conservative treatment at age 77 years and underwent left TKA at age 80 years. A 68-year-old woman underwent left TKA at age 54 years, right TKA at age 64 years, and left THA at age 67 years...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704699/comparison-of-the-ability-to-identify-arterial-stiffness-between-two-new-anthropometric-indices-and-classical-obesity-indices-in-chinese-adults
#9
Jia Zhang, Lizheng Fang, Lifeng Qiu, Lijuan Huang, Wenhua Zhu, Yunsong Yu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association between anthropometric indices of body composition and arterial stiffness is inconclusive. The objective of this study was to examine the predictive ability of two new obesity indices: a body shape index (ABSI), and a body roundness index (BRI), for the identification of arterial stiffness among Chinese adults, as well as to compare the relative strength of association between the anthropometric indices and arterial stiffness. METHODS: A total of 10,197 subjects were recruited in this cross-sectional study...
June 16, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704635/rehabilitation-and-improvement-of-health-related-quality-of-life-detriments-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-meta-analysis
#10
Cameron J Powden, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew C Hoch
OBJECTIVE:   To conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of conservative rehabilitation programs for improving health-related quality of life (HRQL) in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). DATA SOURCES:   PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus were searched from inception to January 2016. STUDY SELECTION:   Studies were included if the researchers examined the effects of a conservative rehabilitation protocol in individuals with CAI, used validated patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to quantify participant-perceived HRQL, and provided adequate data to calculate the effect sizes (ESs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701674/resveratrol-ameliorates-arterial-stiffness-assessed-by-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Haruki Imamura, Takashi Yamaguchi, Daiji Nagayama, Atsuhito Saiki, Kohji Shirai, Ichiro Tatsuno
Resveratrol has been reported to have potent anti-atherosclerotic effects in animal studies. However, there are few interventional studies in human patients with atherosclerogenic diseases. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) reflects arterial stiffness and is a clinical surrogate marker of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of resveratrol on arterial stiffness assessed by CAVI in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study, 50 patients with T2DM received supplement of a 100mg resveratrol tablet (total resveratrol: oligo-stilbene 27...
July 13, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697082/primary-posterior-blade-plate-tibiotalar-arthrodesis-a-salvage-procedure-for-complex-nonreconstructable-pilon-fractures
#12
Ermias Abebe, Dana J Farrell, Boris Zelle, Gary Gruen
A subset of C2/C3 pilon fractures, open pilon injuries, metaphyseal bone comminution, and those involving substantial soft tissue or vascular injury may be nonreconstructable. Such injuries are at risk of progress to nonunion and failing open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). The risk of infection, malunion, and nonunion is relatively high with such injury patterns. In such cases, tibiotalar arthrodesis is performed after ORIF fails as a salvage procedure. Overall, the literature agrees that all pilon fractures will develop posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and these patients are ultimately treated with an arthrodesis or in narrow population with total ankle arthroplasty...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693377/effect-of-floor-reaction-ankle-foot-orthosis-on-crouch-gait-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-what-can-be-expected
#13
Harald Böhm, Hösl Matthias, Frank Braatz, Leonhard Döderlein
BACKGROUND: Floor reaction ankle-foot orthoses are commonly prescribed to improve knee extension of children with cerebral palsy having crouch gait. Their effectiveness is debated. Therefore, the objective of this study is to optimize current prescription criteria for the improvement of crouch gait. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional interventional study. METHODS: A total of 22 patients with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy, between 6 and 17 years, Gross Motor Function Classification System II-IV participated in this study...
July 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691501/factors-contributing-to-hospital-stay-and-total-inpatient-charges-in-total-ankle-arthroplasty-review-of-the-national-inpatient-sample
#14
Jason L Codding, Benjamin M Zmistowski, Daniel E Davis, Mitchell G Maltenfort, David I Pedowitz
Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is commonly performed for end-stage ankle osteoarthritis. Given rising costs and declining reimbursements, identifying variables increasing length of stay (LOS) and total inpatient charges (TICs) of TAA is necessary for providing cost-effective care. The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was reviewed between 1993 and 2010, identifying LOS and TIC for TAA. Using a multivariate analysis, patient comorbidities, demographics, payment, and hospital details were evaluated. Median LOS decreased from 5 to 2 days, whereas median TICs increased from $21 382...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687543/injury-epidemiology-of-tennis-players-at-the-2011-2016-australian-open-grand-slam
#15
Danielle T Gescheit, Stuart J Cormack, Rob Duffield, Stephanie Kovalchik, Tim O Wood, Melanie Omizzolo, Machar Reid
AIM: To examine the epidemiology and in-event treatment frequency of injury at the 2011-2016 Australian Open tournaments. METHODS: Injury incidence was defined as a medical consultation by a tournament physician and in-event treatment frequency as the mean total number of follow-up medical/physiotherapy consultations (2013-2016 tournaments only). Data were collated by sex, injury region and type and reported as frequencies per 10 000 game exposures. Incidence rate s± 95% CI and rate ratios were used to test effects for injury, sex and year...
July 7, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682140/total-ankle-arthroplasty-minimum-follow-up-policy-for-reporting-results-and-guidelines-for-reporting-problems-and-complications-resulting-in-reoperations
#16
Robert A Vander Griend, Alastair S E Younger, Kristian Buedts, Christopher P Chiodo, J Chris Coetzee, William R Ledoux, Michael S Pinzur, Kodali Siva R K Prasad, Robin M Queen, Charles L Saltzman, David B Thordarson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680452/vertical-leaping-mechanics-of-the-lesser-egyptian-jerboa-reveal-specialization-for-maneuverability-rather-than-elastic-energy-storage
#17
Talia Y Moore, Alberto M Rivera, Andrew A Biewener
BACKGROUND: Numerous historical descriptions of the Lesser Egyptian jerboa, Jaculus jaculus, a small bipedal mammal with elongate hindlimbs, make special note of their extraordinary leaping ability. We observed jerboa locomotion in a laboratory setting and performed inverse dynamics analysis to understand how this small rodent generates such impressive leaps. We combined kinematic data from video, kinetic data from a force platform, and morphometric data from dissections to calculate the relative contributions of each hindlimb muscle and tendon to the total movement...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677942/effect-of-fibular-repositioning-taping-in-adult-basketball-players-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#18
Yanina Alves, Fernando Ribeiro, Anabela G Silva
BACKGROUND: Chronic ankle instability presents a high incidence and prevalence in basketbal players. It's important to develop strategies to reduce the functional and mechanical limitations resulting from this condition. To compare the effect of Mulligan ́s fibular repositioning taping with a placebo taping immediatly after application and after a running test (Yo-Yo IRT). METHODS: 16 adult basketball players (10 male, 6 female) with chronic ankle instability and mean age 21...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676830/nyctanthes-arbor-tristis-ameliorated-fca-induced-experimental-arthritis-a-comparative-study-among-different-extracts
#19
Maliha Uroos, Zaigham Abbas, Shumaila Sattar, Nigarish Umer, Arham Shabbir, Shafiq-Ur-Rehman, Ahsan Sharif
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (NAT) is commonly used traditionally for the treatment of rheumatism and inflammatory diseases. Current study evaluates the antiarthritic potential of NAT using Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritic rat model. Treatments with methanolic, ethyl acetate, and n-hexane extracts were continued for consecutive 20 days. Macroscopic arthritic scoring and water displacement plethysmometry were used to evaluate arthritic development. Hematological and biochemical parameters were investigated and ankle joints were processed for histopathological evaluation...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676079/-pseudo-aortoiliac-bifurcation-leading-to-significant-plaque-shifting-in-the-endovascular-treatment-of-an-aortoiliac-bifurcation-lesion-a-case-report
#20
Yoshito Kadoya, Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Daisuke Naito, Kan Zen, Satoaki Matoba
BACKGROUND: Plaque shifting is a serious complication of endovascular treatment (EVT) for aortoiliac bifurcation lesions. It is challenging to predict the occurrence of unfavorable plaque shifting correctly. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an 88-year-old Japanese woman who experienced constant pain at rest in her left leg. The ankle-brachial pressure index of her left leg was 0.57. Computed tomography (CT) angiography revealed severe stenosis of the left common iliac artery (CIA) and total occlusion of the left external iliac artery (EIA)...
July 4, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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