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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922407/segmental-arterial-stiffness-in-relation-to-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-with-preserved-systolic-heart-function
#1
Chih-Hsuan Yen, Chung-Lieh Hung, Ping-Ying Lee, Jui-Peng Tsai, Yau-Huei Lai, Cheng-Huang Su, Hung-I Yeh, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Kuo-Liong Chien
BACKGROUND: Central arterial stiffness has been shown to play a key role in cardiovascular disease. However, evidence regarding such arterial stiffness from various arterial segments in relation to B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) remains elusive. METHODS: A total of 1255 participants (47.8% men; mean age: 62.6 ± 12.3 [SD] years) with preserved left ventricular function (ejection fraction ≥50%) and ≥1 risk factors were consecutively studied. Arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV) by automatic device (VP-2000; Omron Healthcare) for heart-femoral (hf-PWV), brachial-ankle (ba-PWV), and heart-carotid (hc-PWV) segments were obtained and related to BNP concentrations (Abbott Diagnostics, Abbott Park, IL, USA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920485/the-use-of-soft-tissue-expanders-prior-to-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#2
Ameya V Save, Daniel H Wiznia, Mike Wang, Chang-Yeon Kim, John S Reach
Soft tissue coverage and tension-free closure can often be challenging in patients with ankle arthropathy being considered for total ankle arthroplasty. We present 2 patients with severe posttraumatic ankle arthropathy who underwent placement of a soft tissue expander to assist with soft tissue coverage prior to total ankle arthroplasty. LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.
October 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918661/comparable-postoperative-pain-levels-using-2-different-nerve-blocks-in-the-operative-treatment-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures
#3
Siem A Dingemans, Kristian J de Ruiter, Merel F N Birnie, J Carel Goslings, Gan van Samkar, Tim Schepers
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative pain levels in patients undergoing osteosynthesis of the calcaneus with either a popliteal nerve block or an ankle block. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients undergoing operative fixation of a calcaneal fracture via a sinus tarsi approach between August 2012 and April 2017 in a single foot/ankle specialized center was performed. Single-shot popliteal blocks were placed using ultrasound guidance by an anesthesiologist while ankle blocks were placed by a foot/ankle specialized surgeon...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915772/hypermobility-in-adolescent-athletes-pain-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#4
Heidi Schmidt, Trine Lykke Pedersen, Tina Junge, Raoul Engelbert, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background Generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) may increase pain and likelihood of injuries and also decrease function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in elite level adolescent athletes. Objectives To assess the prevalence of GJH in elite level adolescent athletes, and to study the association of GJH with pain, function, HRQoL, and musculoskeletal injuries. Methods A total of 132 elite level adolescent athletes (36 males; 96 females), mean (SD) age 14.0 (0.9) years, participated (n=22 ballet dancers, n=57 teamgym gymnasts, n=53 team handball players)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913376/joint-distraction-in-advanced-osteoarthritis-of-the-ankle
#5
REVIEW
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
BACKGROUND: Ankle joint distraction (AJD) avoids the potential complications associated with ankle fusion or total ankle replacement (TAR) in patients with advanced ankle osteoarthritis (OA). AJD could a tenable option to ankle fusion or TAR. METHODS: A review has been performed on the role of AJD in advanced OA of the ankle. The exploration machine was MedLine. The keywords utilized were: joint distraction ankle. Three hundred and eleven articles were found. Of the above-mentioned, only 14 were chosen and analyzed because they were rigorously focused on the issue and the question of this paper...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904881/numerical-expression-of-volume-status-using-the-bioimpedance-ratio-in-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#6
Mun Jang, Won Hak Kim, Jung Hee Lee, Mi Soon Kim, Eun Kyoung Lee, So Mi Kim, Jai Won Chang
BACKGROUND: Volume overload results in higher mortality rates in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The ratio of bioimpedance (RBI) might be a helpful parameter in adjusting dry body weight in CAPD patients. This study examined whether it is possible to distinguish between non-hypervolemic status and hypervolemic status in CAPD patients by using only RBI. METHODS: RBI was calculated as follows: RBI = impedance at 50 kHz/impedance at 500 kHz...
September 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904249/relationship-between-serum-uric-acid-and-vascular-function-and-structure-markers-and-gender-difference-in-a-real-world-population-of-china-from-beijing-vascular-disease-patients-evaluation-study-best-study
#7
Huan Liu, Jinbo Liu, Hongwei Zhao, Yingyan Zhou, Lihong Li, Hongyu Wang
AIM: The study was done to establish the relationship between serum uric acid (UA) and vascular function and structure parameters including carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV), carotid radial pulse wave velocity (CR-PWV), cardio ankle vascular index (CAVI), ankle brachial index (ABI), and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and the gender difference in a real-world population from China. METHODS: A total of 979 subjects were enrolled (aged 60.86±11...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901782/a-radiographic-dye-method-for-intraoperative-evaluation-of-syndesmotic-injuries
#8
Murad Pepe, Onur Kocadal, Zafer Gunes, Emre Calisal, Kubilay Ceritoglu, Cem Nuri Aktekin
BACKGROUND: The Chertsey test has been recently defined as an intraoperative test for the detection of the syndesmotic injuries by the application of intra-articular contrast. However, no study has investigated the reliability and comparative analysis of the Chertsey test. The purpose of this study was to explore the diagnostic accuracy of the Chertsey test in predicting syndesmosis instability of the injured ankle, with correlation to preoperative computed tomography (CT) findings. METHODS: A total of 39 patients who were operated on due to the unilateral ankle fracture and had no complaint on the contralateral ankle joint were included in the study...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901415/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-inflammatory-cytokines-and-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#9
Fa Jin, Jiannan Liu, Xiuwei Zhang, Wei Cai, Yuqiong Zhang, Wei Zhang, Jian Yang, Gan Lu, Xilong Zhang
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is known to be a risk factor for atherosclerosis (AS), derived from a series of chronic inflammatory reactions caused by hypoxia. However, the association between chronic inflammation and high blood pressure caused by hypoxia remains to be fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on inflammatory cytokines and AS. A total of 100 patients with OSAS and 50 healthy control subjects were enrolled...
August 30, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900562/a-biomechanical-comparison-among-three-kinds-of-rebound-type-jumps-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#10
Miki Nariai, Naruto Yoshida, Atsushi Imai, Kazumichi Ae, Ryo Ogaki, Hirokazu Suhara, Hitoshi Shiraki
BACKGROUND: Single-legged drop jumps (SDJ), single-legged repetitive jumps (SRJ), and single-legged side hops (SSH) are often used as plyometric training and functional performance tests. Differences in the kinetics and kinematic characteristics of lower extremity joints during these jumps are unclear. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the joint motion and mechanical work of the takeoff leg from foot contact to foot-off during SDJ, SRJ, and SSH in the sagittal and frontal planes in female athletes...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899377/quantitative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-analysis-of-anterior-talofibular-ligament-in-lateral-chronic-ankle-instability-ankles-pre-and-postoperatively
#11
Wei Liu, Hong Li, Yinghui Hua
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate and characterize the dimension and signal intensity of anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) using 3.0 T MRI in the mechanical ankle instability group pre- and postoperatively. METHODS: A total of 97 participants were recruited retrospectively in this study, including 56 with mechanical chronic ankle instability (CAI group) and 41 without ankle instability (Control group). All the subjects accepted MRI preoperatively...
September 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891453/management-of-hemophilic-arthropathy-of-the-ankle
#12
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
BACKGROUND: Hemophilic arthropathy (HA) of the ankle is prevalent in people with hemophilia (PWH). It is frequently severe and incapacitating, due to recurrent bleeding into the ankle articulation during infancy. Around 50% of hemophilic patients suffer from ankle pain and radiological signs of HA. OBJECTIVE: To review current treatment of HA of the ankle in PWH. METHOD: A literature review of hemophilic ankle arthropathy in PWH was performed utilizing MEDLINE (PubMed) and the Cochrane Library...
September 7, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888716/ideal-angle-of-syndesmotic-screw-fixation-a-ct-based-cross-sectional-image-analysis-study
#13
Young Hwan Park, Won Seok Choi, Gi Won Choi, Hak Jun Kim
Without clear reference, the precision of syndesmotic screw placement cannot be guaranteed and malposition of these screws leads to poor results. Therefore, to prevent malpositioning of syndesmotic screws, an improved understanding of the orientation of tibiofibular syndesmosis is essential. We analyzed cross-sectional computed tomography (CT) scans of the foot and ankle to identify precise screw positions for the treatment of syndesmotic injuries. A total of 134 calcaneal fractures with intact tibiofibular syndesmosis were enrolled in this retrospective study...
September 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880923/automatic-machine-learning-based-identification-of-jogging-periods-from-accelerometer-measurements-of-adolescents-under-field-conditions
#14
Eftim Zdravevski, Biljana Risteska Stojkoska, Marie Standl, Holger Schulz
BACKGROUND: Assessment of health benefits associated with physical activity depend on the activity duration, intensity and frequency, therefore their correct identification is very valuable and important in epidemiological and clinical studies. The aims of this study are: to develop an algorithm for automatic identification of intended jogging periods; and to assess whether the identification performance is improved when using two accelerometers at the hip and ankle, compared to when using only one at either position...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874195/malalignment-and-malposition-of-quadriceps-sparing-approach-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Fu-Zhen Yuan, Shao-Jie Wang, Zhu-Xing Zhou, Jia-Kuo Yu, Dong Jiang
BACKGROUND: Quadriceps-sparing (QS) approach is considered to be the most minimally invasive surgery for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We perform this meta-analysis to evaluate whether malalignment and malposition are more biased towards the QS approach compared to the traditional medial parapatellar (MP) approach, which is still controversial. METHODS: According to the PRISMA guidelines, a comprehensive search was conducted in the databases of PubMed, the Cochrane library, and Embase...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873289/monitoring-joint-health-in-haemophilia-factors-associated-with-deterioration
#16
I A R Kuijlaars, M A Timmer, P de Kleijn, M F Pisters, K Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Joint bleeds in patients with haemophilia may result in haemophilic arthropathy. Monitoring joint health is essential for identifying early signs of deterioration and allows timely adjustment of treatment. AIM: The aim was to describe changes in joint health over 5-10 years follow-up and identify factors associated with joint health deterioration in patients with haemophilia. METHODS: A post hoc analysis was performed from previous cohort studies in patients with moderate/severe haemophilia, ≥16 years...
September 5, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873064/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-intervention-for-the-treatment-of-calf-muscle-pump-impairment-in-individuals-with-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#17
Lyndsay Orr, Kathleen A Klement, Laura McCrossin, Deirdre O'Sullivan Drombolis, Pamela E Houghton, Sandi Spaulding, Shauna Burke
Exercise intervention for individuals with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and venous leg ulcers (VLUs) is recommended to improve function of the calf muscle pump (CMP). A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to measure the effects of exercise (including function of the CMP, ankle strength, range of motion [ROM], and healing rates) for VLUs. Four (4) databases (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Applied Health Literature, 1981; MEDLINE, 1964; Scopus, 1966; and EMBASE, 1947) were searched for relevant articles from the date of index inception to January 2016...
August 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872529/in-hospital-complications-following-ankle-arthrodesis-versus-ankle-arthroplasty-a-matched-cohort-study
#18
Susan M Odum, Bryce A Van Doren, Robert B Anderson, W Hodges Davis
BACKGROUND: Ankle arthrodesis has been the traditional surgical treatment for end-stage hindfoot arthritis. However, utilization of total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is increasing as surgical techniques and implants have substantially improved. The purpose of this study was to compare the U.S. national rates of perioperative (in-hospital) complications between a statistically matched cohort of patients who underwent either an ankle arthrodesis or a TAA. METHODS: Data from the 2002 to 2013 Nationwide Inpatient Sample releases were analyzed...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871904/the-biomechanics-and-motor-control-of-tap-dancing
#19
Priscila Rocha, Jodie McClelland, Tony Sparrow, Meg E Morris
Although tap dancing is a popular dance genre, little is known about the biomechanics and motor control of this complex motor skill. We conducted a detailed 3D kinematic analysis of movement timing, amplitude, and symmetry in three experienced female tap dancers. Kinematic analyzes of three basic tap dance steps (nerve beats, brush brush stamps, and heel ball walks) were undertaken. A 10-camera Vicon motion analysis system was used to collect the data. The results showed the feet and knees to play a major role in movement execution...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871360/the-aes-total-ankle-arthroplasty-analysis-of-failures-and-survivorship-at-ten-years
#20
Alexandre Di Iorio, Anthony Viste, Michel Henry Fessy, Jean Luc Besse
BACKGROUND: AES mobile-bearing total ankle replacement was developed from the Buechel Pappas model. It was withdrawn in 2009, after identification of a higher than expected complication rate. The purpose of the current study was to analyse clinical outcomes, failures and survival of the initial series of 50 AES published in 2009. METHODS: In this single-centre continuous prospective study (2003-2006), 50 AES prostheses were included. Pre-operative osteoarthritis was mainly post-traumatic (50%) and secondary to instability (36%)...
September 4, 2017: International Orthopaedics
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