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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828867/guidelines-for-support-to-mothers-of-sexually-abused-children-in-north-west-province
#1
Gaboipolelwe M Masilo, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele
BACKGROUND: South Africa is reported to have the highest rate of sexual assault in the world with over 40% of cases occurring among children. Children who are sexually abused have support programmes and policies to assist them in coping, but there are no support programmes for mothers or caretakers. Caretakers need support for themselves and assisting them will incrementally benefit children under their care. Often mothers of these children experience shock, anger, disbelief and suffer secondary trauma such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following their children's sexual abuse disclosure and yet there are no guidelines for support to these mothers within North-West province (NWP)Objectives: The study seeks to develop guidelines for support to mothers of sexually abused children in NWP...
July 25, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827929/prevalence-of-depression-in-breast-cancer-patients-and-its-association-with-their-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#2
Debasweta Purkayastha, Chitra Venkateswaran, Kesavankutty Nayar, U G Unnikrishnan
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. In India, the incidence rate of breast cancer is found to be 25.8/10,000 females. The statistics for Kerala, India, is 30.5 in urban areas and 19.8 in rural areas. Cancer and treatment-related symptoms are major stressors in patients with breast cancer undergoing treatment for the disease. Depression is a prevalent psychological symptom perceived by breast cancer patients, and it also impacts the quality of life (QOL) in these patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826823/medication-use-in-long-term-survivors-from-the-monica-kora-myocardial-infarction-registry
#3
Ute Amann, Inge Kirchberger, Margit Heier, Christian Thilo, Bernhard Kuch, Christa Meisinger
BACKGROUND: Prior studies reported high guideline adherence for secondary prevention medications (SPM) at hospital discharge in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Less is known about medication use in long-term AMI survivors. METHODS: Of the 2077 registered persons with an AMI between 2000 and 2008 who responded to a postal follow-up survey in 2011, 1311 men and 356 women, aged between 34.4 and 84.9years, reported medication intake 7days prior to the survey...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826328/refugee-and-immigrant-women-s-experience-of-postpartum-depression-a-meta-synthesis
#4
Carolyn L Tobin, Pam Di Napoli, Cheryl Tatano Beck
The aim of this work is to synthesize qualitative research on refugee and immigrant women's experiences of postpartum depression (PPD) to gain insight into the unique needs of this group of women. This population is more at risk of developing PPD due to a complexity of issues including pre- and postmigratory stressors; however, there is currently little research on this topic available to health care providers and policy makers. Thirteen articles met inclusion criteria, and five themes emerged from the meta-synthesis: (a) suffering in solitude, (b) the invisible illness, (c) cultural conceptualizations, (d) barriers to help seeking, and (e) facilitators of help seeking...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826227/the-relationship-between-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-and-drug-and-alcohol-misuse-among-persons-seeking-an-hiv-test
#5
Ashraf Kagee, Wylene Saal, Jason Bantjes
We studied 500 South Africans who sought an HIV test in a community outreach setting. On average, both men and women in the sample indicated hazardous and harmful alcohol use, as well as possible alcohol dependence. Men but not women among the sample experienced drug-related problems. Men were 1.64 times more likely than females to report problematic alcohol use and 4.88 times more likely than females to report drug use. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and depression significantly explained 16.5% of the variance in alcohol misuse...
August 21, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823105/understanding-peripartum-depression-through-neuroimaging-a-review-of-structural-and-functional-connectivity-and-molecular-imaging-research
#6
REVIEW
Christy Duan, Jessica Cosgrove, Kristina M Deligiannidis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Imaging research has sought to uncover brain structure, function, and metabolism in women with postpartum depression (PPD) as little is known about its underlying pathophysiology. This review discusses the imaging modalities used to date to evaluate postpartum depression and highlights recent findings. RECENT FINDINGS: Altered functional connectivity and activity changes in brain areas implicated in executive functioning and emotion and reward processing have been identified in PPD...
August 19, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822615/alcohol-use-and-problem-drinking-among-women-firefighters
#7
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
OBJECTIVES: Given high levels of occupational stress and toxic exposures, firefighters have a relatively high prevalence of occupationally related medical and mental health disorders compared with the general public. Previous research found high rates of heavy and binge drinking among male firefighters. This study is the first to examine alcohol use among women firefighters. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a national online survey of women, career firefighters...
August 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820516/caregiver-reported-health-outcomes-effects-of-providing-reflexology-for-symptom-management-to-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer
#8
Dawn Frambes, Alla Sikorskii, Irena Tesnjak, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, Barbara Given
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of delivering a reflexology intervention on health outcomes of informal caregivers, and to explore whether intervention effects are moderated by caregiver characteristics. 
. DESIGN: Two-group, randomized clinical trial.
. SETTING: Eight oncology clinics in urban and rural regions of Michigan and Illinois.
. SAMPLE: 180 informal caregivers of patients with advanced breast cancer...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819065/effects-of-the-fort-mcmurray-wildfires-on-the-health-of-evacuated-workers-follow-up-of-2-cohorts
#9
Nicola Cherry, Whitney Haynes
BACKGROUND: Wildfire engulfed Fort McMurray, Alberta on May 3, 2016, leading to a total evacuation. Access to 2 active cohorts allowed us to rapidly assess health effects in those evacuated. METHODS: People working in Fort McMurray who had been recruited before the fire for 2 occupational health cohort studies completed a questionnaire (online or via telephone) 3-26 weeks after evacuation. The questionnaire asked about respiratory and mental health and experiences since the fire...
August 15, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818733/effects-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-cortisol-levels-on-cognitive-functioning-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
Charles Kamen, Caroline Scheiber, Michelle Janelsins, Booil Jo, Hanyang Shen, Oxana Palesh
Cognitive functioning difficultiesin breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy are common, but not all women experience these impairments. Exposure to childhood trauma may impair cognitive functioning following chemotherapy, and these impairments may be mediated by dysregulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function and cortisol slope. This study evaluated the association between childhood trauma exposure, cortisol, and cognition in a sample of breast cancer survivors. 56 women completed measures of trauma exposure (the Traumatic Events Survey), salivary cortisol, and self-reported cognitive functioning (the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Cognitive)...
August 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818243/mental-health-problems-and-cancer-risk-factors-among-young-adults
#11
Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Jessica King, Kathleen Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
INTRODUCTION: Chronic mental health problems often emerge in young adulthood, when adults begin to develop lifelong health behaviors and access preventive health services. The associations between mental health problems and modifiable cancer risk factors in young adulthood are not well understood. METHODS: In 2016, the authors analyzed 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on demographic characteristics, health service access and use, health status, and cancer risk factors (tobacco use, alcohol use, overweight or obesity, physical activity, and sleep) for 90,821 young adults aged 18-39 years with mental health problems (depressive disorder or frequent mental distress) compared to other young adults...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817241/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-heart-failure-risk-in-the-elderly
#12
Catarina Magalhães Porto, Vanessa De Lima Silva, João Soares Brito da Luz, Brivaldo Markman Filho, Vera Magalhães da Silveira
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D deficiency and risk of heart failure in elderly patients of cardiology outpatient clinics. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study with an analytical approach was employed. Clinical data were collected from the elderly from August 2015 to February 2016. The dependent variable was the risk of heart failure; the independent variable was vitamin D deficiency; and intervening factors were age, gender, education, ethnicity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, renal failure, dementia, stroke, dyslipidaemia, depression, smoking, alcoholism, obesity, andropause, and cardiac arrhythmia...
August 17, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816924/treatment-of-premenstrual-breakthrough-of-depression-with-adjunctive-oral-contraceptive-pills-compared-with-placebo
#13
Whitney Peters, Marlene P Freeman, Semmie Kim, Lee S Cohen, Hadine Joffe
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of women with depressive disorders report reemergence of depression premenstrually, or premenstrual exacerbation (PME), despite effective treatment of the underlying mood disorder during the remainder of the cycle. There is a paucity of studies that rigorously assess treatments targeting PME. Open-label data suggest that augmentation of antidepressants with the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol (DRSP/EE) improves depressive symptoms that break through treatment premenstrually...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816918/the-impact-of-negative-life-events-on-attempted-suicide-in-rural-china
#14
Yanzheng Liu, Jie Zhang
This study aims to explore the impact of negative life events (NLEs) on attempted suicide in a Chinese cultural setting. The sample comprised 791 suicide attempters and an equal number of controls matched on age, sex, and location from selected rural counties in China. Conditional logistic regression model was used to examine the association between NLEs and suicide risk. The impact of NLEs on attempted suicide was further examined using regression-based method to explore its mediation effect. The types of NLEs that were most likely to precede a suicide attempt in rural sample included the events in marriage/love, family/home, and friend/relationship...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816466/a-comparison-of-psychopathology-and-reoffending-in-female-and-male-convicted-firesetters
#15
Lauren Ducat, Troy McEwan, James R P Ogloff
Little is known about the psychopathological or criminal history characteristics of female firesetters, or how often women reoffend by firesetting. The current study is one of the few large-scale longitudinal investigations to compare key psychiatric and offending variables in female and male firesetters who are not incarcerated or known to be mentally disordered. In addition, the study aimed to identify the base rate of recidivism for female firesetters compared with males. The study compared all 143 female and 909 male firesetters convicted of arson and fire-related offenses between 2000 and 2009 in Victoria, Australia...
August 17, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816075/psychological-impact-of-female-genital-mutilation-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Magdy R Ahmed, Mohamed M Shaaban, Heba K Meky, Mohamed E Amin Arafa, Tamer Y Mohamed, Waleed F Gharib, Abeer B Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, at least 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM). The medical and sexual consequences have been documented, but the psychological impact has not been studied to the same extent. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between FGM and psychiatric problems among adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 204 girls, aged 14-19 years, were included in a cross-sectional study conducted at Suez Canal University Hospitals...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815791/risk-of-preeclampsia-after-gestational-exposure-to-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-other-antidepressants-a-study-from-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#17
Angela Lupattelli, Mollie Wood, Kate Lapane, Olav Spigset, Hedvig Nordeng
PURPOSE: To describe the risk of early- and late-onset preeclampsia across pregnancies exposed to antidepressants and to evaluate the impact of timing and length of gestational exposure to antidepressants, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), on preeclampsia. METHODS: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort, a prospective population-based study, and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway provided information on antidepressant exposure, depression, and anxiety symptoms in pregnancy, preeclampsia diagnoses, and important covariates...
August 16, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814150/nitrous-oxide-labor-analgesia-and-pain-relief-memory-in-breastfeeding-women
#18
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesca Volpe, Matteo Parotto, Lara Giiberti, Alessia Selmin, Gianluca Straface
OBJECTIVE: The use of labor pain relief medications is a controversial issue that has engendered heated discussions among health care professionals about safety, interference with birthing, and breastfeeding. METHODS: This is a case-control study with 62 puerperae treated with nitrous oxide and 124 control women (ratio 1:2), matched for age, gestational age, parity, delivery route, labor augmentation, and spinal regional analgesia. We tested anhedonia, anxiety, and depression symptoms at hospital discharge by The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and the intensity of nitrous oxide labor pain relief and satisfaction memory by a retrospective Visual Analog Scale (VAS, 0-10 Numeric Rating Scale) at a set cut off time of 3 months of a child's age...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813554/association-between-purpose-in-life-and-objective-measures-of-physical-function-in-older-adults
#19
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi, Ying Chen, Laura D Kubzansky
Importance: Higher purpose in life is hypothesized to reduce the likelihood of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed because purpose has been linked with a range of positive health behaviors and biological processes that are potentially protective against declining physical function. However, the association between purpose in life and objective physical function has not been examined. Objective: To assess whether higher purpose in life among adequately functioning older adults is associated with lower risk of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed over time...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813174/depressive-symptoms-and-drinking-outcomes-the-mediating-role-of-drinking-motives-and-protective-behavioral-strategies-among-college-students
#20
Margo C Villarosa, Mary Anne Messer, Michael B Madson, Virgil Zeigler-Hill
BACKGROUND: College students with depressive symptoms tend to engage in more hazardous drinking and experience more alcohol-related consequences to cope with their symptoms. Given the perceived tension reducing effects of alcohol among these students, it is important to explore how protective factors, such as protective behavioral strategies, account for the relationships among depressive symptoms, drinking motives, and alcohol-related outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the mediating role of drinking motives and protective behavioral strategies on the associations that depressive symptoms have with typical weekly alcohol consumption, hazardous drinking, and alcohol-related negative consequences in a sample of college student drinkers...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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