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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244058/antidepressant-use-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-very-old-women
#1
Yue Leng, Susan J Diem, Katie L Stone, Kristine Yaffe
Background: Antidepressant use is very common in the elderly, but the effects of antidepressants on cognition in the elderly are controversial with some studies suggesting harm and others protection. We aimed to investigate the association between different antidepressant use and change in cognition and risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia in very old women. Methods: We examined 1,234 community-dwelling women (mean age 83.2 years) from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures...
December 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241526/uncertainty-and-quality-of-life-of-malaysian-women-with-breast-cancer-mediating-role-of-coping-styles-and-mood-states
#2
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Ashraf Sadat Ahadzadeh, Harjit Kaur Perdamen
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between uncertainty in illness and quality of life, and examine the mediating role of coping strategies and mood states in this relationship among breast cancer patients. METHODS: A convenience sample of 135 Malaysian women with breast cancer completed questionnaires measuring uncertainty in illness, mood states (i.e. anxiety and depression), quality of life, and copying styles. RESULTS: The results showed an inverse correlation between uncertainty and quality of life after controlling for the effects of age, cancer stage and time since diagnosis...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241387/predictors-of-emotional-distress-in-pregnant-women-the-mediating-role-of-relationship-intimacy
#3
Eleonora C V Costa, Eva Castanheira, Litícia Moreira, Paulo Correia, Duarte Ribeiro, M Graça Pereira
BACKGROUND: Assessment and treatment of emotional distress during pregnancy show that worries during pregnancy and interpersonal relationships with partners are the important factors determining psychological health. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of worries during pregnancy, relationship intimacy, and marital satisfaction on anxiety, depression, and stress symptoms in pregnant women, as well as to analyse the mediating effect of relationship intimacy between marital satisfaction and emotional distress...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241258/-changes-of-motor-balance-in-the-course-of-an-inpatient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#4
ElisabethJohanna Grub, Georg Wydra, Michael Käfer, Volker Köllner
Aim of the study For many rehabilitants both the motor balance and the feeling of being emotionally stable and in balance are essential preconditions for participation in employment and society. The goal of this study was to capture changes in motor balance in the course of an inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation and to set them in relation to changes in mental variables. Methods 118 patients of a psychosomatic clinic (49.3±8.6 years; 75.4 % women) were examined at the beginning and the end of rehabilitation...
December 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241028/a-latent-class-analysis-of-ptsd-symptoms-among-inner-city-primary-care-patients
#5
Akm Fazlur Rahman, Amita Manatunga, Ying Guo, Limin Peng, Megan Warnock, Kerry J Ressler, Tanja Jovanovic
OBJECTIVES: Examine evidence for different subclasses of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a sample of trauma exposed, low-income, predominantly African American men and women. Assess the relationship between PTSD subclasses with major depressive disorder (MDD) and types of trauma experienced. METHOD: Latent class analysis (LCA) using a multivariate normal mixture model on the 17-item PTSD Symptom Scale (PSS) was used to identify latent subclasses of PTSD symptoms (N = 5063)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240670/well-being-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-the-gender-segregated-country
#6
Hoda Jradi, Oraynab Abouabbas
Well-being is an essential measure that contributes to the evaluation of the health and quality of life of populations. In 1948, the World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as physical, mental and social well-being. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between July and September 2015. Women aged 18 years old and above were invited to participate in the study. The data were collected using the WHO's Well-Being Index questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were fitted to identify factors that are significantly associated with well-being...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240537/infertility-and-self-rated-health-among-malawian-women
#7
Nisha Rao, Allahna Esber, Abigail Turner, Gladson Mopiwa, Joana Banda, Alison Norris
BACKGROUND: Infertility is prevalent and stigmatized in sub-Saharan Africa. Self-rated health, a subjective indicator that has been consistently related to objectively measured health, may be useful in evaluating the relationship between women's infertility and health. METHODS: Data were from surveys conducted from July 2014 to January 2015 with women aged 15 to 39 years (n = 915) as part of the initial assessment in a cohort study in Lilongwe district, Malawi...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240527/depressive-symptom-prevalence-and-predictors-in-the-first-half-of-pregnancy
#8
Patricia Anne Kinser, Leroy R Thacker, Dana Lapato, Sara Wagner, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Lisa Jobe-Shields, Ananda Amstadter, Timothy P York
INTRODUCTION: Major depression during the peripartum (MDP) period carries significant public health impact due to the potential adverse effects on maternal, infant, and family outcomes. METHODS: As part of a larger longitudinal study, this cross-sectional observational study sought to build upon the current literature on the prevalence and predictors of depression in the early second trimester of pregnancy, as related to generally accepted risk factors and other less explored risk factors...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239949/labor-analgesia-as-a-predictor-for-reduced-postpartum-depression-scores-a-retrospective-observational-study
#9
Grace Lim, Lia M Farrell, Francesca L Facco, Michael S Gold, Ajay D Wasan
BACKGROUND: Using labor, epidural analgesia has been linked to a reduced risk of postpartum depression, but the role of labor pain relief in this association remains unclear. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that effective epidural analgesia during labor is associated with reduced postpartum depression symptomatology. METHODS: A single, institutional, retrospective, observational cohort design was chosen. The primary outcome was Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) score, measured at the 6-week postpartum visit...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239280/perceived-injustice-and-its-correlates-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Grant L Iverson, Douglas P Terry, Justin E Karr, William Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
Perceived injustice is a belief that one has been treated unfairly, disrespectfully, and is suffering unnecessarily as a result of another person's actions. Perceived injustice predicts chronic disability after musculoskeletal injury, but to our knowledge, has not been empirically studied in people with mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBIs). We examined perceived injustice and its correlates in patients who were slow to recover from MTBI. Patients (N=102) were recruited from four concussion clinics. The sample was on average 41...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239060/prevalence-and-predictors-of-depression-pain-and-fatigue-in-older-versus-younger-adult-cancer-survivors
#11
Lisa A Bevilacqua, Deirdre Dulak, Elizabeth Schofield, Tatiana D Starr, Christian J Nelson, Andrew J Roth, Jimmie C Holland, Yesne Alici
BACKGROUND: As the number of older adults in the United States continues to grow, there will be increasing demands on health care providers to address the needs of this population. Cancer is of particular importance, with over half of all cancer survivors over age 65. In addition, depression, pain, and fatigue are concerns for older adults with cancer and have been linked to poorer physical outcomes. METHODS: For this retrospective chart review, 1012 eligible participants were identified via a query of the Electronic Medical Record for all patients referred to one of four Survivorship Clinics at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center...
December 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238600/morbidity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-accessing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-single-centre-cross-sectional-study-in-one-province-of-canada
#12
Laurie K Twells, Shannon Driscoll, Deborah M Gregory, Kendra Lester, John M Fardy, Dave Pace
Background: In Canada, severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) affects 5% or 1.2 million adults. Bariatric surgery is the only effective treatment for severe obesity, but the demand for publicly funded procedures is high and capacity limited. Little is known in Canada about the types of patients undergoing these procedures, especially laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The study objective is to examine the socio-demographic profile, morbidity and HRQoL of patients accessing LSG in one Canadian province...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238497/the-role-of-anxiety-and-depression-on-acceptance-and-action-considering-emotional-schemas-in-diabetics-of-birjand-iran
#13
Elham Imani, Fatemeh Shahabizadeh, Alireza Mahmoodirad
Background: Diabetes is one of the most common noncommunicable diseases around the world that accompanies assorted psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression due to being chronic. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas of diabetics referring to diabetes clinics of health centers in Birjand, Iran. Methods: This study was conducted in 2016 and was a correlational study with a structural equation modeling approach...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238395/cognitive-dysfunction-in-asian-patients-with-depression-cogdad-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Srisurapanont Manit, Mok Yee Ming, Yang Yen Kuang, Chan Herng-Nieng, Della Constantine D, Zainal Nor Zuraida, Jambunathan Stephen, Amir Nurmiati, Kalita Pranabi
Background: Cognitive dysfunction is a predominant symptom of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), contributing to functional impairment. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to assess and describe perceived cognitive dysfunction amongst Asian patients diagnosed with MDD. The secondary objective was to explore the associations between depression severity, perceived cognitive dysfunction and functional disability. Methods: This was a multi-country, multi-centre, cross-sectional study...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238389/the-role-of-physical-activity-on-mood-state-and-functional-skills-of-elderly-women
#15
Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Vinicius Dias Rodrigues, Carlos Campos, Flávia Paes, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Geraldo A Maranhão-Neto, Sergio Machado
Introduction: Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels. Materials and Methods: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the mood state and functional motor capacities of elderly women engaged in a public physical activity program in Brazil and compare them with physically inactive elderly...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238271/dual-depression-a-sex-perspective
#16
Adriana Farré, Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Marta Torrens
Mood and substance use disorders (SUDs) are mental conditions that are highly prevalent in the general population. Cooccurrence of major depression and SUD, also known as dual depression, is very common in the field of substance addiction. Sex differences are found in both major depression and SUD. This review, after presenting the state of the art of dual depression as regards prevalence, ethiopathologic mechanisms, and clinical aspects, is focused on dual depression in women. An overview of some potential factors associated with the sex gap in dual depression such as injecting, sexual risk behavior, intimate partner violence, and the reproductive cycle is presented...
December 2017: Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238228/prenatal-exposure-to-antipsychotic-medication-and-use-of-primary-health-care-system-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-denmark
#17
Anne Mette Lund Würtz, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Dorte Rytter, Merete Juul Sørensen, Jakob Christensen, Mogens Vestergaard, Bodil Hammer Bech
Background: Antipsychotic (AP) medication is increasingly used for many health conditions. Prenatal exposure to AP medication has been associated with several adverse outcomes, but the findings remain inconsistent. Purpose: We aimed to investigate prenatal exposure to AP medication and the use of primary health care system in childhood. Subjects and methods: All live-born singletons in Denmark during 1997-2012 were identified in the nationwide Danish National Patient Register and followed until December 31, 2013 (n = 963,010)...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237607/associations-of-pet-ownership-with-biomarkers-of-ageing-population-based-cohort-study
#18
G David Batty, Paola Zaninotto, Richard G Watt, Steven Bell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective relation between animal companionship and biomarkers of ageing in older people. DESIGN: Analyses of data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, an ongoing, open, prospective cohort study initiated in 2002-03. SETTING: Nationally representative study from England. PARTICIPANTS: 8785 adults (55% women) with a mean age of 67 years (SD 9) at pet ownership assessment in 2010-11 (wave 5)...
December 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237200/-screening-instruments-for-the-detection-of-male-specific-symptoms-of-unipolar-depression-a-critical-overview
#19
Andrea E Zülke, Anette Kersting, Sandra Dietrich, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Katarina Stengler
Background Epidemiological studies have repeatedly pointed out gender differences in unipolar depression, whereas women have a 1.5 to 3 times higher risk of receiving a diagnosis. This however stands in sharp contrast with the 10 times higher suicide-rate of men, although depression is among the main risk-factors for suicide. Current literature therefore suspects an under-diagnosis of depression in men which is yet to be explained. While there is a vast body of literature covering the influence of gender norms, different symptomatology and use of health care services of men and women, systematic examinations of the role of diagnostic inventories or screening-instruments are currently not available...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237194/-depression-literacy-german-translation-and-testing-of-the-depression-literacy-scale
#20
Simone Freitag, Susanne Stolzenburg, Georg Schomerus, Silke Schmidt
Objective Translation and psychometric testing of a German adaptation of the Australian Depression Literacy Scale. Methods Translation of the Depression Literacy Scale by Griffith et al. (2004) into German and testing for depression literacy in a sample of 229 people with depressive syndrome. Results The investigated sample had a mean age of 49.4 years (18 - 80 years). On average, 51 % of the 22 questions were correctly answered. The scale showed a satisfactory internal consistency with α = .74. The first-time application of the translated D-Lit German scale showed significant differences in subgroup analyzes of sex, age, and education...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
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