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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457638/a-dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-intervention-for-women-with-suicidal-behaviors-in-rural-nepal-a-single-case-experimental-design-series
#1
Megan K Ramaiya, Caitlin McLean, Upasana Regmi, Devika Fiorillo, Clive J Robins, Brandon A Kohrt
BACKGROUND: Suicide in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) accounts for 75% of the world's burden of suicide mortality and is the leading single cause of death among Nepali reproductive age women. To advance treatment for suicidal behaviors in LMICs, a single-case experimental design (SCED) was conducted of a culturally adapted Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills intervention for Nepali populations (DBT-N). METHOD: Ten Nepali women with histories of suicidality participated in the 10-session intervention...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455897/communal-motivation-in-couples-coping-with-vulvodynia-sexual-distress-mediates-associations-with-pain-depression-and-anxiety
#2
Amy Muise, Sophie Bergeron, Emily A Impett, Isabelle Delisle, Natalie O Rosen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of a novel motivational perspective-sexual communal motivation-in women's pain during intercourse and both partners' distress in couples coping with vulvodynia, a prevalent gynecological pain condition. Our goal was to test whether sexual communal strength (i.e., motivation to meet a partner's sexual needs) and unmitigated sexual communion (i.e., prioritization of a partner's sexual needs in neglect of one's own needs) were indirectly associated with pain, depression, and anxiety via sexual distress...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455896/layered-stigma-co-occurring-depression-and-obesity-in-the-public-eye
#3
Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Georg Schomerus, Thomas Jochum, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: Obesity and depression are common conditions in the general public and show a high level of co-morbidity. Both conditions are stigmatized, i.e., associated with negative attitudes and discrimination. Previous research shows that devalued conditions can overlap or combine to produce a layered stigma which is associated with more negative health outcomes than either single devalued condition alone. This study therefore set out to investigate the double stigma of obesity and depression...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455384/novel-interventions-to-reduce-stress-and-overeating-in-overweight-pregnant-women-a-feasibility-study
#4
B A Laraia, N E Adler, K Coleman-Phox, C Vieten, L Mellin, J L Kristeller, M Thomas, N E Stotland, R H Lustig, M F Dallman, F M Hecht, N R Bush, C L de Groat, E Epel
Background High stress and depression during pregnancy are risk factors for worsened health trajectories for both mother and offspring. This is also true for pre-pregnancy obesity and excessive gestational weight gain. Reducing stress and depression may be one path to prevent excessive caloric intake and gestational weight gain. Study Purpose We tested the feasibility of two novel interventions aimed at reducing stress and overeating during pregnancy. Reflecting different theoretical underpinnings, the interventions target different mechanisms...
February 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455301/sexual-functioning-among-early-post-treatment-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Nancy E Avis, Aimee Johnson, Mollie Rose Canzona, Beverly J Levine
PURPOSE: This study aims (1) to estimate percentages of partnered women who are sexually active over the first 2 years post-breast cancer diagnosis; (2) to identify factors related to sexual inactivity; and (3) to evaluate separately, among both sexually active and inactive survivors, the relation between sexual problems and treatment-related variables, symptoms, and psychosocial factors. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study of breast cancer survivors recruited within 8 months of cancer diagnosis and followed for 18 months...
February 17, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455166/the-development-of-an-online-intervention-care-assist-to-support-male-caregivers-of-women-with-breast-cancer-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Janelle V Levesque, Martha Gerges, Afaf Girgis
INTRODUCTION: It is projected that 17 730 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in Australia in 2017, with 3114 of these predicted to be fatal. Caregiving for a person with cancer can significantly impact caregivers' physical and mental health. Many caregivers feel ill-prepared for this role, especially when care involves complex medical needs accompanied by the psychological challenges experienced following a cancer diagnosis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study employs a convergent, parallel, mixed methods design combining an online survey with an optional interview...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455057/the-impact-of-body-composition-pain-and-resilience-on-physical-activity-physical-function-and-physical-performance-at-2-months-post-hip-fracture
#7
Barbara Resnick, J Richard Hebel, Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Gregory E Hicks, Marc C Hochberg, Denise Orwig, Marty Eastlack, Jay Magaziner
The purpose of this study was to test a model of the factors influencing physical activity, physical function and physical performance at 2 months post hip fracture and compare model fit between men and women. Age, cognitive status, comorbidities, pain, resilience, bone mineral density, total body lean mass, total body fat and grip strength were hypothesized to be directly and/or indirectly related to physical activity, physical function and physical performance. This analysis used data from the seventh Baltimore Hip Studies (BHS-7), a prospective cohort study that included 258 community-dwelling participants, 125 (48%) men and 133 (52%) women, hospitalized for treatment of a hip fracture; survey and objective data were obtained at 2 months post hip fracture...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454928/resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-the-amygdala-and-problem-drinking-in-non-dependent-alcohol-drinkers
#8
Sien Hu, Jaime S Ide, Herta H Chao, Simon Zhornitsky, Kimberly A Fischer, Wuyi Wang, Sheng Zhang, Chiang-Shan R Li
Alcohol misuse is associated with dysfunction of the amygdala-prefrontal cortical circuit. The amygdala and its cortical targets show decreased activity during a variety of task challenges in individuals engaged in problem drinking. On the other hand, it is less clear how amygdala resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) may be altered in association with alcohol misuse and whether such changes are restricted to prefrontal cortical structures. Further, the influences of comorbid substance use and depression and potential sex differences have not been assessed in earlier work...
February 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454927/syndemics-among-individuals-enrolled-in-the-prep-brasil-study
#9
Raquel B De Boni, Iona K Machado, Mauricio T L De Vasconcellos, Brenda Hoagland, Esper G Kallas, José Valdez Madruga, Nilo M Fernandes, Natalia B Cerqueira, Ronaldo I Moreira, Silvia P Goulart, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Paula M Luz
BACKGROUND: Concurrent psychosocial problems may synergistically increase the risk of HIV infection (syndemics), representing a challenge for prevention. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of syndemics among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) enrolled in the Brazilian pre-exposure prophylaxis demonstration study (PrEP Brasil Study). METHODS: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of the PrEP Brasil Study was performed...
February 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454664/survey-of-midwives-perinatal-mental-health-knowledge-confidence-attitudes-and-learning-needs
#10
Maria Noonan, Julie Jomeen, Rose Galvin, Owen Doody
BACKGROUND: Midwives have a primary role in facilitating the first stage of perinatal mental health risk reduction through inquiring about perinatal mental health, identifying risk factors and current perinatal mental health problems, providing support or crisis intervention, referring for treatment and decreasing stigmatisation. AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine midwives' (a) knowledge of and confidence to identify and manage perinatal mental health problems, (b) attitudes towards women who experience severe mental illness and (c) perceived learning needs...
February 14, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454305/psychotropic-and-anti-dementia-treatment-in-elderly-persons-with-clinical-signs-of-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-a-cross-sectional-study-in-40-nursing-homes-in-sweden
#11
Iris Zahirovic, Gustav Torisson, Carina Wattmo, Elisabet Londos
BACKGROUND: Elderly persons with a dementia diagnosis often suffer from different neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) such as delusions, hallucinations, depression, anxiety, irritability and agitation. Currently, the medical treatment for NPS consists mostly of psychotropic medication such as hypnotics/sedatives, anxiolytics and antipsychotics. In elderly persons with dementia, usage of antipsychotics is less appropriate because of the risk of side effects such as parkinsonism, rapid cognitive decline, cerebrovascular events and finally mortality...
February 17, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454241/frailty-and-life-course-violence-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#12
Cristiano Dos Santos Gomes, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Maria Vitoria Zunzunegui, Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Juliana Fernandes De Souza Barbosa, Phoebe Hwang, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of frailty in older adults in the IMIAS population, to examine associations between lifelong domestic violence and frailty and possible pathways to explain these associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 2002 men and women in the International Mobility in Aging Study, aged between 65 and 74 years old living in five cities of Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), and Manizales (Colombia)...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453442/white-matter-integrity-in-medication-free-women-with-peripartum-depression-a-tract-based-spatial-statistics-study
#13
Michelle Silver, Constance M Moore, Vanessa Villamarin, Nina Jaitly, Janet E Hall, Anthony J Rothschild, Kristina M Deligiannidis
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies in depression show decreased structural connectivity in the left anterior limb of the internal capsule and the genu of the corpus callosum but no such studies exist in peripartum depression (PPD), which affects 1 in 8 women. We analyzed fractional anisotropy (FA) as a measure of white matter integrity of these two tracts using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS). We then conducted an exploratory whole-brain analysis to identify additional regions implicated in PPD. Seventy-five pregnant, medication-free women were evaluated with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Structured Clinical Interview (SCID) for DSM-IV-TR in pregnancy and in the postpartum...
February 5, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452986/the-psychological-consequences-of-violence-against-people-with-disabilities
#14
Robert S Dembo, Monika Mitra, Michael McKee
BACKGROUND: People with disabilities experience mental health disparities and higher rates of violence compared to people without disabilities. Few studies have examined the psychological consequences of violence against people with disabilities, and whether they differ from those experienced by people without disabilities. OBJECTIVE: This study compared psychological consequences of violence among men and women with and without disabilities. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2008-2014 waves of the National Crime Victimization Survey...
February 1, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449879/the-impact-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-on-stigma-among-survivors-of-sexual-violence-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
S M Murray, J Augustinavicius, D Kaysen, D Rao, L K Murray, K Wachter, J Annan, K Falb, P Bolton, J K Bass
Background: Sexual violence is associated with a multitude of poor physical, emotional, and social outcomes. Despite reports of stigma by sexual violence survivors, limited evidence exists on effective strategies to reduce stigma, particularly in conflict-affected settings. We sought to assess the effect of group Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) on stigma and the extent to which stigma might moderate the effectiveness of CPT in treating mental health problems among survivors of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446186/longterm-persistence-and-nonrecurrence-of-depression-treatment-in-germany-a-four-year-retrospective-follow-up-using-linked-claims-data
#16
Christoph J Wagner, Charalabos Markos Dintsios, Florian G Metzger, Helmut L'Hoest, Ursula Marschall, Bjoern Stollenwerk, Stephanie Stock
OBJECTIVES: To measure persistence and nonrecurrence of depression treatment and investigate potential risk factors. METHODS: We retrospectively observed a closed cohort of insurees with new-onset depression treatment in 2007 and without most psychiatric comorbidity for 16 quarters (plus one to ascertain discontinuation). We linked inpatient/outpatient/drug-data per person and quarter. Person-quarters containing specified depression services were classified as depression-treatment-person-quarters (DTPQ)...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445909/the-relationship-among-preconception-depression-anxiety-and-social-support-of-the-reproductive-aged-women-in-china
#17
Jihong Xu, Ping Chen, Xu Ma
The reproductive-aged women have to face physiological and psychological challenges as long as they plan to conceive. However, most previous studies focused on depression and anxiety during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate the association among preconception depression, anxiety, and social support of the Chinese reproductive-aged women. Nine-hundred five reproductive-aged women who planned to conceive for the first or second time in the next three months were recruited through the Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital and Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from three provinces in China...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445850/factors-associated-with-household-food-insecurity-and-depression-in-pregnant-south-african-women-from-a-low-socio-economic-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Zulfa Abrahams, Crick Lund, Sally Field, Simone Honikman
PURPOSE: Food insecurity has been linked with maternal depression in low-income settings. Few studies have looked at factors associated with both food insecurity and maternal depression as outcomes. This study aimed to assess factors associated with food insecurity and depression in a sample of pregnant South African women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at a Midwife Obstetric Unit in a low-income suburb in Cape Town. Pregnant women attending the clinic for their first antenatal visit were invited to participate...
February 14, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445631/effects-of-negative-emotions-and-life-events-on-women-s-missed-miscarriage
#19
Huilin Xing, Yaping Luo, Shouying Wang
Background: To investigate the effects of negative emotions and life events on women's missed miscarriage. Methods: Overall, 214 women diagnosed with a missed miscarriage by prenatal examination from 2016-2017 in Xiamen Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Xiamen, China were selected as the observation group compared to 214 women as control group. The general data of the patients were investigated by self-programmed questionnaires. Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Center Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; Life Events Scale for Pregnant Women were used conduct the study...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445307/sleep-problems-during-the-menopausal-transition-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Fiona C Baker, Massimiliano de Zambotti, Ian M Colrain, Bei Bei
A substantial number of women experience sleep difficulties in the approach to menopause and beyond, with 26% experiencing severe symptoms that impact daytime functioning, qualifying them for a diagnosis of insomnia. Here, we review both self-report and polysomnographic evidence for sleep difficulties in the context of the menopausal transition, considering severity of sleep complaints and links between hot flashes (HFs) and depression with poor sleep. Longitudinal population-based studies show that sleep difficulties are uniquely linked with menopausal stage and changes in follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol, over and above the effects of age...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
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