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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055046/an-assessment-of-depression-psychosocial-factors-and-resilience-among-women-seeking-prenatal-care-at-an-urban-community-health-center
#1
Katherine M Johnson, Frances M Paley, Anna M Modest, Michele R Hacker, Sabine Shaughnessy, Hope A Ricciotti, Jennifer Scott
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between resilience and mental health and psychosocial characteristics in the prenatal period. METHODS: A prospective cohort pilot study was conducted among English-speaking women aged 18 years or older with singleton pregnancies of at least 20 weeks' duration who received prenatal care at an urban community health center in the USA between March and October 2014. Surveys were administered and a retrospective chart review was conducted...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054833/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-the-risks-and-benefits-of-disclosure-during-web-based-mental-health-e-screening-versus-paper-based-screening-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Dawn Kingston, Anne Biringer, Sander Veldhuyzen van Zanten, Rebecca Giallo, Sarah McDonald, Glenda MacQueen, Lydia Vermeyden, Marie-Paule Austin
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women's perceptions of the risks and benefits during mental health screening impact their willingness to disclose concerns. Early research in violence screening suggests that such perceptions may vary by mode of screening, whereby women view the anonymity of e-screening as less risky than other approaches. Understanding whether mode of screening influences perceptions of risk and benefit of disclosure is important in screening implementation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the perceptions of pregnant women randomized to a Web-based screening intervention group and a paper-based screening control group on the level of risk and benefit they perceive in disclosing mental health concerns to their prenatal care provider...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054032/constipation-and-other-common-symptoms-reported-by-women-and-men-in-methadone-and-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment
#3
Paul S Haber, Mahmoud Elsayed, David Espinoza, Nicholas Lintzeris, Anne-Sophie Veillard, Richard Hallinan
BACKGROUND: Opioid substitution treatment (OST) is often continued long-term and, therefore, opioid-associated symptoms are of interest. Symptoms associated with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in men are well described, but there are fewer reports concerning symptoms associated with buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) and very few reports among women. METHOD: Recipients of BMT (n=113) and MMT (n=184), non-opioid users (n=105) and opioid users not receiving OST (n=87) completed the Patient Assessment of Constipation (PAC-SYM) and a general symptom checklist...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054014/sex-differences-in-behavioral-and-neurochemical-effects-of-gonadectomy-and-aromatase-inhibition-in-rats
#4
N Kokras, N Pastromas, D Papasava, C de Bournonville, C A Cornil, C Dalla
Aromatase inhibitors, which are widely used for the treatment of estrogen-dependent cancers, have been associated with psychiatric side effects ranging from mania to depression. In the present study, we investigated sex differences in the behavioral and neurochemical effects of aromatase inhibition on male and female, sham-operated or gonadectomized adult rats. Three weeks after surgery, rats received chronic treatment with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole or vehicle and were then subjected to the open field test, which assesses general activity...
October 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053978/patterns-of-change-in-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy-predict-preterm-birth
#5
Chelsea Doktorchik, Shahirose Premji, Donna Slater, Tyler Williamson, Suzanne Tough, Scott Patten
BACKGROUND: To determine whether changes in anxiety and depression during pregnancy influence the risk of having a preterm birth (PTB), and whether chronic stress modifies this relationship. METHODS: The data source for the current study is the All Our Babies prospective cohort (AOB). Anxiety and depression were measured at 17-24 weeks and again at 32-36 weeks' gestation using the Spielberg State Anxiety Scale and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, respectively...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053975/depression-among-female-heads-of-household-in-rural-mozambique-a-cross-sectional-population-based-survey
#6
Carolyn M Audet, Milton L Wainberg, Maria A Oquendo, Qiongru Yu, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Cristiane S Duarte, Samuel Martinho, Ann F Green, Lazaro González-Calvo, Troy D Moon
BACKGROUND: An estimated 350 million people live with depression worldwide. In Mozambique, there are no national data quantifying the burden of mental illnesses. With the sixth highest suicide rate in the world, there is strong evidence of an unmet mental health need. We conducted a survey to measure the prevalence of depression among female heads of household and assess individual, social, and cultural risk factors associated with a positive depression screening. METHODS: This survey was conducted across 14 rural districts in central Mozambique in 2014...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053974/depression-as-seen-through-the-eyes-of-rural-chinese-women-implications-for-help-seeking-and-the-future-of-mental-health-care-in-china
#7
Peiyuan Qiu, Eric D Caine, Fengsu Hou, Catherine Cerulli, Marsha N Wittink
BACKGROUND: As part of a larger epidemiological study of depression among rural Chinese women, we sought to understand their explanatory models of depression. We explored how participants describe depression, to what cause they attribute depression, and what sources of treatment they would recommend. METHODS: Participants first were assessed with the Center for Epidemiological-Depression scale (CES-D), with a cut-point of 16 or greater indicative of depression. The Short Explanatory Model Interview (SEMI), a semi-structured questionnaire, was our primary tool for exploring participants' explanatory models relating to a vignette describing a rural Chinese woman with depression...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053973/duration-of-moderate-to-vigorous-daily-activity-is-negatively-associated-with-slow-walking-speed-independently-from-step-counts-in-elderly-women-aged-75-years-or-over-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Takuji Adachi, Yuji Kono, Kotaro Iwatsu, Yuko Shimizu, Sumio Yamada
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed 1) to examine whether objectively measured duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was associated with slow walking speed, independent from step counts, in elderly women aged 75 or over (old-old) and 2) to determine a possible cut-off value for duration of MVPA related to slow walking speed. METHODS: Participants were 350 community-dwelling old-old women. Slow walking speed was defined as usual walking speed <1.0m/s...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053806/independent-association-of-plasma-hydroxysphingomyelins-with-physical-function-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#9
Danni Li, Jeffrey R Misialek, Fangying Huang, B Gwen Windham, Fang Yu, Alvaro Alonso
Background: Plasma metabolites such as phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and sphingomyelins (SMs) are associated with in age-related cognitive decline. However, their relations to age-related physical function decline remain largely unknown. Methods: We examined the cross-sectional relations of 12 plasma metabolites (including 4 PCs and 4 SMs) with physical function in 383 older adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study at the fifth exam (2011-13, mean age [standard deviation (SD)]: 78...
October 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053648/influence-of-clinical-and-psychological-variables-upon-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#10
A Blanco-Aguilera, E Blanco-Aguilera, R Serrano-Del-Rosal, L Biedma-Velázquez, A Rodriguez-Torronteras, R Segura-Saint-Gerons, A Blanco-Hungria
BACKGROUND: To analyze the association between the OHIP-14 and the different subtypes making up the clinical and psychological axis obtained using the RDC/TMD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 407 patients treated at the TMD unit of the Andalusian Healthcare Service were administered the Spanish version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders questionnaire (RDC/TMD), together with the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14). The degree of association between the patients' score in the OHIP-14 and the clinical and biopsychosocial variables was analyzed through bivariate and multivariate analyses, specifically through linear regression...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052503/intensive-follow-up-for-women-with-breast-cancer-review-of-clinical-economic-and-patient-s-preference-domains-through-evidence-to-decision-framework
#11
Alessandra Lafranconi, Liisa Pylkkänen, Silvia Deandrea, Anke Bramesfeld, Donata Lerda, Luciana Neamțiu, Zuleika Saz-Parkinson, Margarita Posso, David Rigau, Ivan Sola, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Maria José Martinez-Zapata
BACKGROUND: Women treated for breast cancer are followed-up for monitoring of treatment effectiveness and for detecting recurrences at an early stage. The type of follow-up received may affect women's reassurance and impact on their quality of life. Anxiety and depression among women with breast cancer has been described, but little is known about how the intensity of the follow-up can affect women's psychological status. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of intensive vs...
October 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052308/an-audit-of-ect-in-england-2011-2015-usage-demographics-and-adherence-to-guidelines-and-legislation
#12
John Read, Christopher Harrop, Jim Geekie, Julia Renton
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) continues to be used in England, but without comprehensive national auditing. Therefore, information was gathered on usage, demographics, consent, and adherence to the guidelines of the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (N.I.C.E.) and to the Mental Health Act. DESIGN AND METHODS: Freedom of Information Act requests were sent to 56 National Health Service Trusts. RESULTS: Thirty-two trusts provided some usable data...
October 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052276/association-of-spiritual-religious-coping-with-depressive-symptoms-in-high-and-low-risk-pregnant-women
#13
Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Raíssa Chiaradia, Gail Low, Jonas Prepossi Cruz, Kenneth I Pargament, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the role of spiritual/religious coping (SRC) on depressive symptoms in high- and low-risk pregnant women. BACKGROUND: SRC is associated with physical and mental health outcomes. However, only few studies investigated the role of these strategies during pregnancy and whether low- and high-risk pregnant women have different coping mechanisms. DESIGN: This study is a cross-sectional comparative study...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052265/new-mothers-feelings-of-disappointment-and-failure-after-cesarean-delivery
#14
Kristen H Kjerulff, Laura H Brubaker
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is an important life event and how women feel in retrospect about their first childbirth may have long-term effects on the mother, child, and family. In this study, we investigated the association between mode of delivery at first childbirth and birth experience, using a new scale developed specifically to measure women's affective response. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 3006 women who were interviewed during pregnancy and 1-month postpartum...
October 20, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051341/indoor-tanning-dependence-in-young-adult-women
#15
Darren Mays, Michael B Atkins, Jaeil Ahn, Kenneth P Tercyak
Background: There is mounting evidence that young people can develop a dependence on indoor tanning, but research on factors associated with indoor tanning dependence remains limited.Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated factors associated with indoor tanning dependence in a community sample of 389 non-Hispanic white young adult women ages 18 to 30 who had indoor tanned ≥1 time in the past year. Participants completed measures of indoor tanning dependence, including the modified CAGE and modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-IV psychiatric screening assessments, indoor tanning behavior and beliefs, and behavioral and psychiatric comorbidity...
October 19, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051135/a-transmedia-storytelling-intervention-with-interactive-elements-to-benefit-latinas-mental-health-feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy
#16
MarySue V Heilemann, Patricia D Soderlund, Priscilla Kehoe, Mary-Lynn Brecht
BACKGROUND: Latinos report higher rates of depression and anxiety than US whites but are less likely to receive care. Transmedia storytelling interventions accessible on the Internet via smartphones, tablets, and computers hold promise for reducing reluctance to explore or get help for symptoms because they are private, convenient, and can reach large numbers of people, including Latinas with mental health needs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a mental health transmedia intervention for Latinas with elevated symptoms of depression, anxiety, or both...
October 19, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049938/dietary-patterns-in-french-home-living-older-adults-results-from-the-prause-study
#17
C Ferrand, C Féart, G Martinent, C Albinet, N André, M Audiffren
The aim of the present study was to provide descriptive dietary patterns of home-living older adults, and to examine their association with sociodemographic and 'diet-related' variables, and health and psychological factors. Dietary patterns were analyzed using separately cluster analysis for men (N=151,Mage=72.72, SD=8.80, range=56-97) and women (N=251, Mage=76.74, SD=9.95, range=55-97) in 402 older adults aged 55 years and over. Cluster analyses showed four distinct dietary profiles for each gender. In older men, the four distinct dietary clusters were associated with any differences in sociodemographic and 'diet-related' variables, cognitive function, and health and psychological factors...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049932/determinants-of-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-postnatally-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-chinese-canadian-women
#18
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Susitha Wanigaratne, Simone N Vigod, Sophie Grigoriadis, Kenneth Fung, Flavia Marini, Sarah Brennenstuhl
BACKGROUND: Women with comorbid depression and anxiety in the postpartum period experience more complex and severe symptoms than women with depression or anxiety alone; however, little is known about what influences these symptoms, especially among women from specific ethnic backgrounds. The objective of this study was to identify determinants of comorbid depression and anxiety symptomatology by 24 weeks postpartum in a cohort of Chinese-Canadian women. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was completed where 549 Chinese immigrant and Canadian-born women in Toronto were followed to 24 weeks postpartum...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049628/findings-from-eurotrak-surveys-from-2009-to-2015-hearing-loss-prevalence-hearing-aid-adoption-and-benefits-of-hearing-aid-use
#19
Nikolai Bisgaard, Stefan Ruf
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze data from the EuroTrak surveys performed from 2009 to 2015 in Germany, France, and the United Kingdom to identify factors that could account for the growth in hearing aid sales over that period. Method: Data of 132,028 people-approximately 15,000 for each of the 3 countries at 3-year intervals-were collected using a questionnaire. The sample in each country was weighted using the respective country age-gender populations to get balanced results...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049464/clustering-of-neuropsychiatric-disease-in-first-degree-and-second-degree-relatives-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#20
Margaret O'Brien, Tom Burke, Mark Heverin, Alice Vajda, Russell McLaughlin, John Gibbons, Susan Byrne, Marta Pinto-Grau, Marwa Elamin, Niall Pender, Orla Hardiman
Importance: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative condition primarily involving the motor system. There is increasing epidemiologic evidence of an association between ALS and a wider spectrum of neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders among family members, including schizophrenia and psychotic illness and suicidal behavior. Objective: To examine the frequency and range of neuropsychiatric conditions that occur within individual first-degree and second-degree relatives of patients with ALS...
October 16, 2017: JAMA Neurology
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