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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933449/clearing-the-fog-a-review-of-the-effects-of-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-added-sugars-on-chemotherapy-induced-cognitive-deficits
#1
REVIEW
Tonya S Orchard, Monica M Gaudier-Diaz, Kellie R Weinhold, A Courtney DeVries
Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy have been an important part of extending survival in women diagnosed with breast cancer. However, chemotherapy can cause potentially toxic side effects in the brain that impair memory, verbal fluency, and processing speed in up to 30% of women treated. Women report that post-chemotherapy cognitive deficits negatively impact quality of life and may last up to ten years after treatment. Mechanisms underlying these cognitive impairments are not fully understood, but emerging evidence suggests that chemotherapy induces structural changes in the brain, produces neuroinflammation, and reduces adult hippocampal neurogenesis...
December 8, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933179/associations-between-genetics-medical-status-physical-exercise-and-psychological-well-being-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Lena Backström-Eriksson, Agneta Bergsten-Brucefors, Lena Hjelte, Bo Melin, Kimmo Sorjonen
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive, life-shortening disease among people of European origin. Type of genetic mutation and regular physical exercise has an impact on clinical outcome. This cross-sectional study explores the associations between genetics, medical status, physical exercise and psychological well-being in adult patients with CF. METHODS: Adult patients with CF (N=68; mean age: 32.2; range 18-67 years; 46% women) completed the Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933026/fitness-costs-predict-emotional-moral-and-attitudinal-inbreeding-aversion
#3
Florence Lespiau, Gwenaël Kaminski
In terms of sexual intercourse, the very last people we think about are our kin. Imagining inbreeding intercourse, whether it involves our closest kin or not, induces aversion in most people who invoke inbreeding depression problems or cultural considerations. Research has focused on the disgust felt when facing inbreeding intercourse between close kin but little is known about other responses. In this study, we considered the influence of fitness costs on aversive reactions by including disgust and emotional reaction as well as moral judgment and attitudes toward inbreeding: higher costs should induce a stronger aversive reaction...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932700/predictors-of-enteral-tube-feeding-in-hospitalized-older-adults
#4
Milton Roberto Furst Crenitte, Thiago Junqueira Avelino-Silva, Daniel Apolinario, Jose Antonio Esper Curiati, Flavia Campora, Wilson Jacob-Filho
BACKGROUND: Despite general recognition that enteral tube feeding (ETF) is frequently employed in long-term care facilities and patients with dementia, remarkably little research has determined which factors are associated with its use in acutely ill older adults. In this study, we aimed to investigate determinants of ETF introduction in hospitalized older adults. METHODS: We examined a retrospective cohort of acutely ill patients, aged 60 years and older, admitted to a university hospital's geriatric ward from 2014-2015, in São Paulo, Brazil...
December 8, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931896/relationship-between-coping-flexibility-and-the-risk-of-depression-in-indian-adults
#5
Tsukasa Kato
According to the dual-process theory of coping flexibility, coping flexibility is the ability to discontinue an ineffective coping strategy and produce and implement an alternative coping strategy. In order to test the coping flexibility hypothesis, which posits that flexible coping produces adaptive outcomes, the relationship between coping flexibility and the risk of depression was examined in the context of Indian adults. Participants (150 men and 150 women) answered questionnaires measuring coping flexibility and depressive symptoms...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931895/self-stigma-in-depressive-patients-association-of-cognitive-schemata-depression-and-self-esteem
#6
Sakie Shimotsu, Naoshi Horikawa
Many empirical studies have indicated that various psychosocial and psychiatric variables are correlated with levels of self-stigma. Treatment methods for reducing self-stigma have been investigated in recent years, especially those examining the relationship between negative cognitive schemata and self-stigma. This study examined the relationship of self-stigma with cognitive schemata, depression, and self-esteem in depressive patients. Furthermore, structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to evaluate three hypothetical models...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931890/inpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-psychometric-properties-of-the-new-multidimensional-depression-scale
#7
Mohammad Darharaj, Mojtaba Habibi, Michael J Power, Farzaneh Farzadian, Maesoumeh Rahimi, Habibeh Kholghi, Maryam Kazemitabar
The New Multi-dimensional Depression Scale (NMDS) is one of the most comprehensive scales that measures depression symptoms in four domains, including emotional, cognitive, somatic, and interpersonal. This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of the NMDS in a group of Iranian inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). At first, the scale was translated into Persian and used as part of a battery consisting of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931248/postpartum-depression-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-a-low-income-urban-settlement-in-nairobi-kenya
#8
Beatrice A Madeghe, Violet N Kimani, Ann Vander Stoep, Semret Nicodimos, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression can compromise caregiving activities, including infant feeding practices, resulting in child malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of postpartum depression on infant feeding practices and malnutrition among women in an urban low income settlement in Nairobi-Kenya. We conducted a cross-sectional study based in Kariobangi North Health Centre in Nairobi County. The study sample included 200 mother-infant pairs visiting the Maternal and Child Health clinics for infant immunization at 6-14 weeks postpartum...
December 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930916/depressiveness-measured-with-beck-depression-inventory-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#9
Daniel Pietrzak, Aldona Pietrzak, Dorota Krasowska, Marta Makara-Studzińska, Agata Madej, Maja Baranowska, Andrzej Borzęcki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify demographic and clinical factors predisposing to depressiveness during the course of psoriasis. METHOD: The study included 239 patients with psoriasis (15-76 years, 31.8% of women) and 123 healthy controls (17-74 years, 32.5% of women). Dependent variable in the analysis was Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score. Explanatory variables included: age, sex, marital status, education, occupational activity, body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, history of smoking, average number of smoked cigarettes, skin lesions visible to others, comorbidities, including arterial hypertension and arthritis, number of previous hospitalizations and family history of psoriasis...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930912/poor-sleep-quality-antepartum-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-pregnant-women
#10
Bizu Gelaye, Gifty Addae, Beemnet Neway, Gloria T Larrabure-Torrealva, Chunfang Qiu, Lee Stoner, Miguel Angel Luque Fernandez, Sixto E Sanchez, Michelle A Williams
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the independent and combined associations of maternal self-reported poor sleep quality and antepartum depression with suicidal ideation during the third trimester METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1298 pregnant women (between 24 and 28 gestational weeks) attending prenatal clinics in Lima, Peru. Antepartum depression and suicidal ideation were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire was used to assess sleep quality...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930857/psychosocial-adaptation-and-depressive-manifestations-in-high-risk-pregnant-women-implications-for-clinical-practice
#11
Gamze Fiskin, Meltem Mecdi Kaydirak, Umran Yesiltepe Oskay
BACKGROUND: High-risk pregnancy research has focused primarily on psychological well-being. AIMS: The aim is to determine psychosocial adaptation and depression levels of pregnant women who were admitted to hospital with diagnosis of high-risk pregnancy. METHODS: This study was descriptive. Sampling was composed of 122 high-risk pregnant women who were hospitalized in the perinatology service of Istanbul University Medical School, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology between January 1, 2014, and May 31, 2014, and met the study criteria...
December 8, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930442/multifactor-influences-of-shared-decision-making-in-acoustic-neuroma-treatment
#12
Jason C Nellis, Jeff D Sharon, Seth E Pross, Lisa E Ishii, Masaru Ishii, Jacob K Dey, Howard W Francis
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with treatment modality selection in acoustic neuromas. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary care neurotology clinic. PATIENTS: Data were prospectively collected from patients initially presenting to a tertiary care neurotology clinic between 2013 and 2016. Patients who did not have magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), demographic, psychometric, or audiometric data were excluded from analysis...
December 7, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930429/subjective-memory-immediately-following-electroconvulsive-therapy
#13
Ole Brus, Pia Nordanskog, Ullvi Båve, Yang Cao, Åsa Hammar, Mikael Landén, Johan Lundberg, Axel Nordenskjöld
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to describe the short-term rate of subjective memory worsening (SMW) and identify factors of importance for SMW in a large clinical sample treated for depression with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). METHODS: This register-based study included 1212 patients from the Swedish National Quality Register for ECT. Subjective memory worsening was defined as a 2-point worsening on the memory item of the Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale from before to within 1 week after treatment...
December 7, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930427/a-further-decrease-in-the-rates-of-administration-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-england
#14
Nicky Buley, Emma Copland, Sophie Hodge, Robert Chaplin
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment of major depression, and there have been consistent improvements in the administration of ECT in the past decade. However, studies have reported a steady decline in the rates of use of ECT in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Despite this, there has been no consistent record of how much ECT is being given or to whom it is given, for more than 20 years. The purpose of this study is to estimate the change in frequency of ECT use, the length of courses, patient demographics, and clinical outcomes between 2006 and 2 periods of 2012/2013 and 2014/2015...
December 7, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929330/differential-relationships-between-social-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms-by-hiv-status-and-racial-ethnic-identity
#15
Timothy J Williamson, Zanjbeel Mahmood, Taylor P Kuhn, April D Thames
OBJECTIVE: Historically marginalized groups are likely to be exposed to social adversity, which predicts important mental health outcomes (e.g., depression). Despite the well-established relationship between adversity and poor health, few studies have examined how adversity differentially predicts mental health among people living with multiple, co-occurring marginalized identities or statuses. The current study fills this gap by examining whether relationships between social adversity and depressive symptoms differed between those living with or without a stigmatized disease (i...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928770/an-examination-of-the-sociodemographic-and-health-determinants-of-major-depressive-disorder-among-black-women
#16
Ndidiamaka N Amutah-Onukagha, Lauren A Doamekpor, Michelle Gardner
OBJECTIVES: Black women disproportionately share the distribution of risk factors for physical and mental illnesses. The goal of this study was to examine the sociodemographic and health correlates of major depressive disorder (MDD) symptoms among black women. METHODS: Pooled data from the 2005-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to assess the sociodemographic and health correlates of MDD symptoms among black women (n = 227)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928263/a-36-year-old-woman-with-coronary-artery-dissection-two-weeks-after-abortion
#17
Arsalan Salari, Mahboobe Gholipur, Maedeh Rezaeidanesh, Anoosh Barzigar, Shahram Rahmani, Mohadeseh Pursadeghi, Hannan Ebrahimi
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome and sudden cardiac death. We report coronary artery dissection in a 36-year-old woman with retrosternal chest pain 2 weeks after abortion. Electrocardiography showed ST elevation in leads V2-V4 and ST depression in the inferior leads. Lab data were normal. Cardiac catheterization showed a suspicious thrombotic lesion at the proximal portion of the left anterior descending artery with a smooth contour consistent with distal haziness and dissection site...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928152/a-10-year-interval-study-to-compare-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-in-korea-the-korean-internet-sexuality-survey-kiss-2014
#18
H Shin, B Min, J Park, H Son
Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is defined as disturbances in sexual desire and the psychophysiological changes that characterize the sexual response cycle, which cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty. Female sexual dysfunction is strongly related to socio-cultural characteristics of a certain region and can change over time. Authors previously reported the features of FSD in Korea through an analysis of an internet-based survey conducted in 2004. This time, we designed a 10-year interval study to compare the prevalence of and risk factors of FSD through the Korean Internet Sexuality Survey (KISS) 2014...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927846/risk-of-postpartum-psychosis-after-ivf-treatment-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#19
Josefin Vikström, Ann Josefsson, Mats Hammar, Marie Bladh, Gunilla Sydsjö
STUDY QUESTION: Is the risk of postpartum psychosis (PPP) increased in women who give birth after IVF treatment compared to after spontaneous conception? SUMMARY ANSWER: The risk of PPP is not higher in the group of women who give birth after IVF treatment compared with women who give birth after spontaneous conception. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Women who conceive using IVF treatment can experience higher levels of pregnancy-specific distress and are at increased risk of pre-eclampsia, an immune-related condition which in turn has been linked to PPP, as well as other pregnancy and delivery complications, which also serve as PPP risk factors...
December 6, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927659/development-of-a-brief-measure-of-intimate-partner-violence-experiences-the-composite-abuse-scale-revised-short-form-casr-sf
#20
Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, C Nadine Wathen, Colleen Varcoe, Harriet L MacMillan, Kelly Scott-Storey, Tara Mantler, Kelsey Hegarty, Nancy Perrin
OBJECTIVES: Approaches to measuring intimate partner violence (IPV) in populations often privilege physical violence, with poor assessment of other experiences. This has led to underestimating the scope and impact of IPV. The aim of this study was to develop a brief, reliable and valid self-report measure of IPV that adequately captures its complexity. DESIGN: Mixed-methods instrument development and psychometric testing to evolve a brief version of the Composite Abuse Scale (CAS) using secondary data analysis and expert feedback...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
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