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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637138/psychometric-properties-of-persian-version-of-the-caregiver-burden-scale-in-iranian-caregivers-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Ata Farajzadeh, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Saman Maroufizadeh, Hamid Reza Rostami, Amir Hassan Kohan
PURPOSE: To investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of Caregiver Burden Scale (CBS) in caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. After a forward-backward translation, the CBS was administered to 110 caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury (men = 60, women = 50). Factor structure was evaluated by confirmatory factor analysis. The Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the CBS were examined using Cronbach's α and the intraclass correlation coefficient, respectively...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636694/placebo-response-and-practice-effects-in-schizophrenia-cognition-trials
#2
Richard S E Keefe, Vicki G Davis, Philip D Harvey, Alexandra S Atkins, George M Haig, Owen Hagino, Stephen Marder, Dana C Hilt, Daniel Umbricht
Importance: Patients' previous experience with performance-based cognitive tests in clinical trials for cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia can create practice-related improvements. Placebo-controlled trials for cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia are at risk for these practice effects, which can be difficult to distinguish from placebo effects. Objectives: To conduct a systematic evaluation of the magnitude of practice effects on the Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) in cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia and to examine which demographic, clinical, and cognitive characteristics were associated with improvement in placebo conditions...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636668/microbiota-in-anorexia-nervosa-the-triangle-between-bacterial-species-metabolites-and-psychological-tests
#3
Francesca Borgo, Alessandra Riva, Alberto Benetti, Maria Cristina Casiraghi, Sara Bertelli, Stefania Garbossa, Simona Anselmetti, Silvio Scarone, Antonio E Pontiroli, Giulia Morace, Elisa Borghi
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disease with devastating physical consequences, with a pathophysiological mechanism still to be elucidated. Metagenomic studies on anorexia nervosa have revealed profound gut microbiome perturbations as a possible environmental factor involved in the disease. In this study we performed a comprehensive analysis integrating data on gut microbiota with clinical, anthropometric and psychological traits to gain new insight in the pathophysiology of AN. Fifteen AN women were compared with fifteen age-, sex- and ethnicity-matched healthy controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635535/effect-of-the-previous-reproductive-outcomes-in-subfertile-women-after-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-and-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-icsi-treatments-on-perinatal-anxious-and-depressive-symptomatology
#4
Francesca Agostini, Fiorella Monti, Marcella Paterlini, Federica Andrei, Stefano Palomba, Giovanni Battista La Sala
INTRODUCTION: The present study aims to investigate the effects of previous reproductive outcomes on the levels of depression, anxiety and perceived social support in subfertile women who conceived after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was developed. Data were collected on subfertile patients who conceived after IVF/ICSI treatment. All demographic and clinical data were recorded...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635530/the-effect-of-voluntary-termination-of-pregnancy-on-female-sexual-and-emotional-well-being-in-different-age-groups
#5
Erika Limoncin, Angela D'Alfonso, Claudia Corallino, Vincenza Cofini, Giovanna Di Febbo, Giacomo Ciocca, Daniele Mollaioli, Felice Patacchiola, Emmanuele A Jannini, Gaspare Carta
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the impact of voluntary termination of pregnancy (VTOP) on the psycho-sexological well-being of females before/six months after the abortion. METHODS: A sample of 194 women was recruited from three obstetrics and gynaecological divisions. The women were evaluated for the variables "sexual functioning" with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), "depression" with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and "anxiety state" with the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) at time 0 (the beginning of the abortion procedure) and time 1 (six months after the abortion)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635527/whose-fault-is-it-blame-predicting-psychological-adjustment-and-couple-satisfaction-in-couples-seeking-fertility-treatment
#6
Katherine Péloquin, Audrey Brassard, Virginie Arpin, Stéphane Sabourin, John Wright
Infertility bears psychological and relational consequences for couples who face this problem. Few studies have examined the role of self- and partner blaming to explain psychological and relationship adjustment in couple presenting with a fertility problem. This study used a dyadic approach to explore the links between blaming oneself and one's partner and both partners' symptoms of depression and anxiety, and couple satisfaction in 279 couples enrolled in fertility treatments. Partners were questioned about the extent to which they blamed themselves and their partner for the fertility problem...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634720/the-financial-impact-and-drivers-of-hospital-charges-in-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-and-reconstruction-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-hospital-analysis
#7
Alexandra Bucknor, Anmol Chattha, Klaas Ultee, Winona Wu, Parisa Kamali, Patrick Bletsis, Austin Chen, Bernard T Lee, Claire Cronin, Samuel J Lin
PURPOSE: Rates of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) have increased over the last decade; it is important for surgeons and hospital systems to understand the economic drivers of increased costs in these patients. This study aims to identify factors affecting charges in those undergoing CPM and reconstruction. METHODS: Analysis of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample was undertaken (2009-2012), identifying women aged ≥18 with unilateral breast cancer undergoing unilateral mastectomy with CPM and immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) (CPM group), in addition to unilateral mastectomy and IBR alone (UM group)...
June 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634716/from-prenatal-anxiety-to-parenting-stress-a-longitudinal-study
#8
A C Huizink, B Menting, M H M De Moor, M L Verhage, F C Kunseler, C Schuengel, M Oosterman
The objective of this study was to explore how maternal mood during pregnancy, i.e., general anxiety, pregnancy-specific anxiety, and depression predicted parenting stress 3 months after giving birth, thereby shaping the child's early postnatal environmental circumstances. To this end, data were used from 1073 women participating in the Dutch longitudinal cohort Generations(2), which studies first-time pregnant mothers during pregnancy and across the transition to parenthood. Women filled out the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire-revised (PRAQ-R), and Beck Depression Index (BDI) three times during pregnancy: at 12, 22, and 32 weeks gestational age...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634662/hiv-stigma-and-substance-use-among-hiv-positive-russians-with-risky-drinking
#9
E Jennifer Edelman, Karsten Lunze, Debbie M Cheng, Dmitry A Lioznov, Emily Quinn, Natalia Gnatienko, Carly Bridden, Christine E Chaisson, Alexander Y Walley, Evgeny M Krupitsky, Anita Raj, Jeffrey H Samet
The link between HIV stigma with substance use is understudied. We characterized individuals with high HIV stigma and examined whether HIV stigma contributes to substance use among HIV-positive Russians reporting risky alcohol use. We analyzed data from HERMITAGE, a randomized controlled trial of 700 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) with past 6-month risky sex and risky alcohol use in St. Petersburg, Russia (2007-2011). Participants who were female and reported depressive symptoms and lower social support were more likely to endorse high HIV stigma (all p's < 0...
June 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633635/maternal-use-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-hirschsprung-s-disease-in-newborns-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#10
Sebastian Werngreen Nielsen, Perniller Møller Ljungdalh, Jan Nielsen, Bente Mertz Nørgård, Niels Qvist
BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung's disease is a rare condition caused by congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract affecting 1:5000 children. Not much is known about risk factors for development of Hirschsprung's disease. Two clinical cases of hirschsprung's disease led to an investigation of the association between maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy and development of Hirschsprung's Disease in the newborn child. The study examined a nationwide, unselected cohort of children born in Denmark from 1 January 1996 until 12 March 2016 (n = 1,256,317)...
June 20, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633600/direct-comparison-of-tricyclic-and-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-antidepressants-in-randomized-head-to-head-trials-in-acute-major-depression-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Juan Undurraga, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: A comparison across trials conducted over several decades suggested superior efficacy of tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) over selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). However, this outcome may reflect a selective secular decline of responses after randomization to placebo. Remaining uncertainty encouraged direct comparison of the drug-types in trials involving randomized, head-to-head comparisons. METHODS: We systematically identified reports of randomized trials of TCAs versus SSRIs for major depression in several digital databases, and applied standard meta-analytic and multiple-factor regression methods to analyze and pool the findings...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633058/prenatal-and-early-postnatal-depression-and-child-maltreatment-among-japanese-fathers
#12
Kenji Takehara, Maiko Suto, Naoko Kakee, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Rintaro Mori
We investigated the association of paternal depression in the prenatal and early postnatal period with child maltreatment tendency at two months postpartum among Japanese fathers. This population-based longitudinal study recruited Japanese perinatal women and their partners living in Nishio City, Aichi, Japan. Of the 270 fathers who participated, 196 were included in the analysis. All data were collected via self-administrated questionnaires at four time points: 20 weeks' gestation and in the first few days, one month, and two months postpartum...
June 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633047/the-impacts-of-the-global-financial-crisis-on-hospitalizations-due-to-depressive-illnesses-in-taiwan-a-prospective-nationwide-population-based-study
#13
Chiachi Bonnie Lee, Chen-Mao Liao, Chih-Ming Lin
BACKGROUND: In the third quarter of 2008, a major financial crisis hit many developed countries. Taiwan suffered its own share: a rise in unemployment and a severe decline in gross domestic product. This study is to address the health consequences of this crisis on different socioeconomic populations in Taiwan. METHODS: A sample of 6,225,766 men and 5,417,651 women, was obtained and their admissions data over 2007-2012 were retrieved. Stratified into three income levels, the sample was examined on the 147,921 episodes of hospitalization due to depressive illnesses (DIs) over that period by an interrupted time series analysis for monthly incidence rates of DI hospitalizations RESULTS: The adjusted incidence rates of hospitalization (AIRH) for DIs among the low income were 10 times that of the high income group...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632793/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-low-sexual-functioning-in-women-on-hemodialysis-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#14
Valeria Saglimbene, Patrizia Natale, Suetonia Palmer, Marco Scardapane, Jonathan C Craig, Marinella Ruospo, Letizia Gargano, Giuseppe Lucisano, Marietta Török, Eduardo Celia, Rubén Gelfman, Anna Bednarek-Skublewska, Jan Dulawa, Paul Stroumza, Miguel Leal, Domingo Del Castillo, Angelo Marco Murgo, Staffan Schon, Charlotta Wollheim, Jörgen Hegbrant, Giovanni F M Strippoli
Sexual dysfunction may affect 80% of women in hemodialysis. However the specific patterns and clinical correlates of sexual functioning remain poorly described. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence and correlates of the individual domains of sexual functioning in women treated with hemodialysis. We recruited, into this multinational cross-sectional study, women treated with long-term hemodialysis (Collaborative Working Group on Depression and Sexual dysfunction in Hemodialysis study). Self-reported domains of sexual functioning were assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index, which is routinely administered within the network of dialysis patients followed by the working group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632513/prevalence-and-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-symptoms-among-syrian-refugees-in-a-refugee-camp
#15
Ceren Acarturk, Mustafa Cetinkaya, Ibrahim Senay, Birgul Gulen, Tamer Aker, Devon Hinton
Turkey is hosting the majority of Syrian refugees. The current study investigates the prevalence of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among adult Syrians residing in a camp (N = 781) and potential predictors. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised was used to measure PTSD and the Beck Depression Inventory depression. Probable PTSD prevalence was 83.4%, with predictors being female sex (odds ratio [OR], 4.1), previous mental health problems (OR, 4.5), life threat (OR, 3.0), and injury of a loved one (OR, 1...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632242/exploring-gender-differences-in-self-reported-physical-activity-and-health-among-older-caregivers
#16
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dianne Tapp, Dean Ruether, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To document self-reported physical health and activity levels of older caregivers. Gender differences in physical health, physical activity levels, and predictors of physical activity were also examined.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 130 caregivers aged 60 years or older caring for individuals with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631998/relevance-of-anxiety-in-the-perinatal-period-prospective-study-in-a-hungarian-sample
#17
Eszter Lefkovics, János Rigó, Bernadett Szita, Júlia Talabér, András Kecskeméti, Illés Kovács, Ildikó Baji
There is increasing evidence that anxiety occurs frequently during pregnancy and can be one of the most important risk factors and predictors of postpartum depression (PPD). The aim of our study was to investigate whether antenatal anxiety is an independent predictor of PPD. We used the data of 476 women enrolled in a prospective study in a single maternity unit. The first assessment was conducted between 22 and 40 weeks gestation and a second time 8-12 months postpartum. Symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631695/-chronic-stress-and-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-systemic-scleroderma-results-of-an-interdisciplinary-study
#18
O F Seravina, T A Lisitsyna, M N Starovoytova, O V Desinova, O B Kovalevskaya, D Yu Veltishchev
AIM: To analyze of the prevalence of stressful factors and mental disorders (MDs), as well as their clinical psychopathological and clinical psychological characteristics to improve the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of systemic scleroderma (SSD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Examinations were performed in 110 patients (predominantly women (n=97 (88.2%); mean age, 49.9±2.47 years) with a documented diagnosis of SSD (its mean duration, 7.25±0.42 years). 62 (56...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629713/the-effects-of-maternal-antidepressant-use-on-offspring-behaviour-and-brain-development-implications-for-risk-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Samuel J Millard, Katrina Weston-Green, Kelly A Newell
Approximately 10% of pregnant women are prescribed antidepressant drugs (ADDs), with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) the most widely prescribed. SSRIs bind to the serotonin transporter (SERT), blocking the reabsorption of serotonin by the presynaptic neuron and increasing serotonin levels in the synaptic cleft. The serotonergic system regulates a range of brain development processes including neuronal proliferation, migration, differentiation and synaptogenesis. Given the presence of SERT in early brain development, coupled with the ability of SSRIs to cross the placenta and also enter breast milk, concerns have been raised regarding the effects of SSRI exposure on the developing foetus and newborns...
June 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629402/erratum-to-social-capital-a-mixed-blessing-for-women-a-cross-sectional-study-of-different-forms-of-social-relations-and-self-rated-depression-in-moscow
#20
Sara Ferlander, Andrew Stickley, Olga Kislitsyna, Tanya Jukkala, Per Carlson, Ilkka Henrik Mäkinen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMC Psychology
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