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rumination in depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620326/thought-control-ability-is-different-from-rumination-in-explaining-the-association-between-neuroticism-and-depression-a-three-study-replication
#1
Feng-Ying Lu, Wen-Jing Yang, Qing-Lin Zhang, Jiang Qiu
Neuroticism is the most common vulnerability factor of depression. However, the mechanism underlying this vulnerability is still unclear. Previous studies suggested that rumination intensifies the negative effect of neuroticism on depression. However, whether cognitive control could explain the association between neuroticism and depression remains unclear to date. Therefore, this study evaluated the indirect effects of rumination and thought control on the relationship between neuroticism and depression. Seven self-report measures were employed among healthy and main depression disorder (MDD) participants...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619114/reducing-the-rate-and-duration-of-re-admissions-among-patients-with-unipolar-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-using-smartphone-based-monitoring-and-treatment-the-radmis-trials-study-protocol-for-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Mads Frost, Klaus Martiny, Nanna Tuxen, Nicole Rosenberg, Jonas Busk, Ole Winther, Jakob Eyvind Bardram, Lars Vedel Kessing
BACKGROUND: Unipolar and bipolar disorder combined account for nearly half of all morbidity and mortality due to mental and substance use disorders, and burden society with the highest health care costs of all psychiatric and neurological disorders. Among these, costs due to psychiatric hospitalization are a major burden. Smartphones comprise an innovative and unique platform for the monitoring and treatment of depression and mania. No prior trial has investigated whether the use of a smartphone-based system can prevent re-admission among patients discharged from hospital...
June 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618314/the-metacognitions-about-self-critical-rumination-questionnaire
#3
Daniel C Kolubinski, Ana V Nikčević, Jacqueline A Lawrence, Marcantonio M Spada
BACKGROUND: Self-criticism refers to a series of persistent and negative self-judgements, often involuntary, that an individual makes about themselves. Recent research has explored the possibility that self-criticism can lead to a more perseverative style of thinking called self-critical rumination. There is evidence that self-critical rumination may be a separate construct from other forms of rumination, such as depressive rumination and post-event processing. Research has indicated that metacognitions, beliefs that individuals have about their internal experiences and how to control them, may play a role in self-critical rumination...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611690/rethinking-a-negative-event-the-affective-impact-of-ruminative-versus-imagery-based-processing-of-aversive-autobiographical-memories
#4
Christien Slofstra, Maarten C Eisma, Emily A Holmes, Claudi L H Bockting, Maaike H Nauta
INTRODUCTION: Ruminative (abstract verbal) processing during recall of aversive autobiographical memories may serve to dampen their short-term affective impact. Experimental studies indeed demonstrate that verbal processing of non-autobiographical material and positive autobiographical memories evokes weaker affective responses than imagery-based processing. In the current study, we hypothesized that abstract verbal or concrete verbal processing of an aversive autobiographical memory would result in weaker affective responses than imagery-based processing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594202/the-four-faces-of-rumination-to-stressful-events-a-psychometric-analysis
#5
Felipe E García, Almudena Duque, Félix Cova
OBJECTIVE: To increase the knowledge of rumination and its associations with stressful events, we explored the relationships between 4 types of rumination (brooding, reflection, intrusive, and deliberate rumination) in a sample of 750 adult participants who experienced a highly stressful event. We also explored the predictive value of the different types of rumination on posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth 6 months after the highly stressful event occurred. METHOD: Participants completed the Ruminative Response Scale and the Event-Related Rumination Inventory...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593830/the-development-and-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-negative-beliefs-about-post-event-processing-scale
#6
Hayley Rodriguez, Kellie Kissell, Lloyd Lucas, Brian Fisak
BACKGROUND: Although negative beliefs have been found to be associated with worry symptoms and depressive rumination, negative beliefs have yet to be examined in relation to post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Negative Beliefs about Post-Event Processing Questionnaire (NB-PEPQ). METHOD: A large, non-referred undergraduate sample completed the NB-PEPQ along with validation measures, including a measure of post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms...
June 8, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579659/emotion-regulation-and-the-transdiagnostic-role-of-repetitive-negative-thinking-in-adolescents-with-social-anxiety-and-depression
#7
David H Klemanski, Joshua Curtiss, Katie A McLaughlin, Susan Nolen-Hoeksema
Social anxiety and depression are common mental health problems among adolescents and are frequently comorbid. Primary aims of this study were to (1) elucidate the nature of individual differences in specific emotion regulation deficits among adolescents with symptoms of social anxiety and depression, and (2) determine whether repetitive negative thinking (RNT) functions as a transdiagnostic factor. A diverse sample of adolescents (N = 1065) completed measures assessing emotion regulation and symptoms of social anxiety and depression...
April 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575049/cognitive-and-affective-trait-and-state-factors-influencing-the-long-term-symptom-course-in-remitted-depressed-patients
#8
Christina Timm, Bettina Ubl, Vera Zamoscik, Ulrich Ebner-Priemer, Iris Reinhard, Silke Huffziger, Peter Kirsch, Christine Kuehner
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by a high risk for relapses and chronic developments. Clinical characteristics such as residual symptoms have been shown to negatively affect the long-term course of MDD. However, it is unclear so far how trait repetitive negative thinking (RNT) as well as cognitive and affective momentary states, the latter experienced during daily-life, affect the long-term course of MDD. METHOD: We followed up 57 remitted depressed (rMDD) individuals six (T2) and 36 (T3) months after baseline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571077/a-systematic-review-of-mechanisms-of-change-in-body-oriented-yoga-in-major-depressive-disorders
#9
K Meister, G Juckel
Introduction Despite empirical evidence for the efficacy of body-oriented yoga as add-on treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD), the specific mechanisms by which yoga leads to therapeutic changes remain unclear. By means of a systematic review, we evaluate how the field is progressing in its empirical investigation of mechanisms of change in yoga for MDD. Methods To identify relevant studies, a systematic search was conducted. Results The search produced 441 articles, of which 5 were included, that empirically examined 2 psychological mechanisms (mindfulness, rumination) and 3 biological mechanisms (vagal control, heart rate variability [HRV], brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], cortisol)...
June 1, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553085/psychometric-properties-of-the-ruminative-response-scale-short-form-in-a-clinical-sample-of-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Nathalie Parola, Xavier Yves Zendjidjian, Marine Alessandrini, Karine Baumstarck, Anderson Loundou, Guillaume Fond, Fabrice Berna, Christophe Lançon, Pascal Auquier, Laurent Boyer
BACKGROUND: The Ruminative Response Scale (RRS)-short form is one of the most widely used measures of rumination, comprising ten items and two components: reflection and brooding. The aim of this study was to investigate RRS validity and reliability in a clinical sample of French patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Outpatients with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of MDD were recruited from a public academic hospital in France. Depressive symptoms were evaluated by the Beck Depression Inventory, anxiety by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - state scale, and quality of life by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541754/overgeneral-autobiographical-memory-and-depression-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#11
F C L Wilson, J D Gregory
OBJECTIVES: Overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM) is a well-researched phenomenon in working age adults with depression. However, the relevance and importance of OGM in older adult depression is not well established. The aim of this review was to synthesise existing literature on OGM and depressive symptoms in older adults under the framework of the Capture and Rumination, Functional Avoidance and Impaired Executive Control (CaR-FA-X) model. METHOD: Literature searches were conducted using PsychINFO, PubMed and Web of Knowledge...
May 25, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539875/trait-rumination-influences-neural-correlates-of-the-anticipation-but-not-the-consumption-phase-of-reward-processing
#12
Natália Kocsel, Edina Szabó, Attila Galambos, Andrea Édes, Dorottya Pap, Rebecca Elliott, Lajos R Kozák, György Bagdy, Gabriella Juhász, Gyöngyi Kökönyei
Cumulative evidence suggests that trait rumination can be defined as an abstract information processing mode, which leads people to constantly anticipate the likely impact of present events on future events and experiences. A previous study with remitted depressed patients suggested that enhanced rumination tendencies distort brain mechanisms of anticipatory processes associated with reward and loss cues. In the present study, we explored the impact of trait rumination on neural activity during reward and loss anticipation among never-depressed people...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528583/restoration-of-in-situ-fiber-degradation-and-the-role-of-fibrolytic-microbes-and-ruminal-ph-in-cows-fed-grain-rich-diets-transiently-or-continuously
#13
P Pourazad, R Khiaosa-Ard, B U Metzler-Zebeli, F Klevenhusen, Q Zebeli
In this study, we used two different grain-rich feeding models (continuous or transient) to determine their effects on in situ fiber degradation and abundances of important rumen fibrolytic microbes in the rumen. The role of the magnitude of ruminal pH drop during grain feeding in the fiber degradation was also determined. The study was performed in eight rumen-fistulated dry cows. They were fed forage-only diet (baseline), and then challenged with a 60% concentrate diet for 4 weeks, either continuously (n=4 cows) or transiently (n=4 cows)...
May 22, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526867/aberrant-functional-connectivity-in-depression-as-an-index-of-state-and-trait-rumination
#14
David Rosenbaum, Alina Haipt, Kristina Fuhr, Florian B Haeussinger, Florian G Metzger, Hans-Christoph Nuerk, Andreas J Fallgatter, Anil Batra, Ann-Christine Ehlis
Depression has been shown to be related to a variety of aberrant brain functions and structures. Particularly the investigation of alterations in functional connectivity (FC) in major depressive disorder (MDD) has been a promising endeavor, since a better understanding of pathological brain networks may foster our understanding of the disease. However, the underling mechanisms of aberrant FC in MDD are largely unclear. Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) we investigated FC in the cortical parts of the default mode network (DMN) during resting-state in patients with current MDD...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501402/thiamine-supplementation-facilitates-thiamine-transporter-expression-in-the-rumen-epithelium-and-attenuates-high-grain-induced-inflammation-in-low-yielding-dairy-cows
#15
X H Pan, L Yang, Y Beckers, F G Xue, Z W Tang, L S Jiang, B H Xiong
An experiment was conducted to uncover the effects of increasing dietary grain levels on expression of thiamine transporters in ruminal epithelium, and to assess the protective effects of thiamine against high-grain-induced inflammation in dairy cows. Six rumen-fistulated, lactating Holstein dairy cows (627 ± 16.9 kg of body weight, 180 ± 6 d in milk; mean ± standard deviation) were randomly assigned to a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design trial. Three treatments were control (20% dietary starch, dry matter basis), high-grain diet (HG, 33...
July 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501397/effect-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-and-acetate-on-milk-fat-synthesis-and-adipose-lipogenesis-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#16
N Urrutia, K J Harvatine
During biohydrogenation-induced milk fat depression (MFD), nutrients are spared from milk fat synthesis and are available for other metabolic uses. Acetate is the major carbon source spared and it may increase lipid synthesis in adipose tissue during MFD. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of trans-10,cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and the amount of acetate spared during CLA-induced MFD on adipose tissue lipogenesis. Nine multiparous, lactating, ruminally cannulated Holstein cows (244 ± 107 d in milk; 25 ± 8...
July 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467957/why-are-migraineurs-more-depressed-a-review-of-the-factors-contributing-to-the-comorbidity-of-migraine-and-depression
#17
Daniel Baksa, Xenia Gonda, Gabriella Juhasz
The comorbidity of migraine and depression is well-known. Patients with both conditions show stronger headache-related symptoms, a more severe clinical course and higher risk for migraine chronification. Therefore, it's important to identify factors underlying comorbid migraine and depression. The growing body of literature suggests complex, biopsychosocial mechanisms in the background, including shared genetic risk factors and abnormal brain mechanisms, and also different environmental (stress) and psychological variables (for example: rumination, neuroticism)...
March 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460322/current-major-depression-is-associated-with-greater-sensitivity-to-the-motivational-effect-of-both-negative-mood-induction-and-abstinence-on-tobacco-seeking-behavior
#18
Lee Hogarth, Amanda R Mathew, Brian Hitsman
BACKGROUND: Although depression and smoking commonly co-occur, the mechanisms underpinning this association are poorly understood. One hypothesis is that depression promotes tobacco dependence, persistence and relapse by increasing sensitivity to acute negative mood and abstinence induced tobacco-seeking behavior. METHODS: Twenty nine daily smokers of >10 cigarettes per day, nine with major depression and 20 without, completed two laboratory sessions one week apart, smoking as normal prior to session 1 (sated session), and 6h abstinent prior to session 2 (abstinent session)...
April 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458442/social-support-seeking-and-early-adolescent-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-the-moderating-role-of-rumination
#19
Clorinda E Vélez, Elizabeth D Krause, Allison McKinnon, Steven M Brunwasser, Derek R Freres, Rachel M Abenavoli, Jane E Gillham
This study examined how social support seeking and rumination interacted to predict depression and anxiety symptoms six months later in early adolescents (N = 118; 11 - 14 yrs at baseline). We expected social support seeking would be more helpful for adolescents engaging in low rather than high levels of rumination. Adolescents self-reported on all measures at baseline, and on depression and anxiety symptoms six months later. Social support seeking predicted fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety at low rumination levels, but lost its adaptive effects as rumination increased...
November 2016: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454569/psychometric-properties-of-the-10-item-ruminative-response-scale-in-chinese-university-students
#20
Xiaoxia Lei, Mingtian Zhong, Ying Liu, Chang Xi, Yu Ling, Xiongzhao Zhu, Shuqiao Yao, Jinyao Yi
BACKGROUND: Rumination increases vulnerability to depression, exacerbates and perpetuates negative moods. This study was aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the 10-item Ruminative Response Scale (RRS-10) in a large undergraduate sample. METHODS: A sample of 5,236 university students finished the RRS and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed to examine the two-factor structure and the measurement equivalence of the RRS-10 across gender...
April 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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