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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721742/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-memory-complaints-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Lotte Berk, Rafke Hotterbeekx, Jim van Os, Martin van Boxtel
OBJECTIVES: In a rapidly aging world population, an increasingly large group faces age-related decline in cognitive functioning. Cognitive complaints of older adults are often related to worries and concerns associated with age-related functional decline. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) can successfully target stress, worry and ruminative thinking, but the applicability of this method in middle-aged and older adults with memory complaints is unclear. METHOD: Patients of a university hospital memory clinic (n = 13), aged 45-85 years, with memory complaints but no diagnosis of cognitive disorder, participated in a standard 8-week MBSR program, consisting of weekly group meetings and a one-day silent retreat...
July 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714701/does-a-culture-of-happiness-increase-rumination-over-failure
#2
Lucy McGuirk, Peter Kuppens, Rosemary Kingston, Brock Bastian
Promoting happiness within society is good for health, but could the overpromotion of happiness have a downside? Across 2 studies, we investigate 2 emotion norms associated with an emphasis on happiness-the importance of (a) seeking positive emotion, and (b) avoiding negative emotion-and whether these norms have implications for how people respond to, and seek to regulate, their negative emotional experiences. In Study 1, we used an experimental design to show that emphasizing the importance of happiness increased rumination in response to failure...
July 17, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713190/rumination-about-social-stress-mediates-the-association-between-peer-victimization-and-depressive-symptoms-during-middle-childhood
#3
Jennifer D Monti, Karen D Rudolph, Michelle E Miernicki
Although prior research has established a link between exposure to peer victimization and depressive symptoms, relatively little is known about the processes underlying this association. This study examined whether maladaptive responses to a novel social stressor - specifically, lower levels of problem solving or higher levels of rumination - mediate this association. Data were gathered from 130 children (64 boys, 66 girls; M age = 9.46, SD = .33) who participated in a laboratory social stressor task with an unfamiliar peer...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705471/risk-assessment-and-serotonin-animal-models-and-human-psychopathologies
#4
REVIEW
D Caroline Blanchard, Ksenia Meyza
Risk assessment (RA) is an evolved, generally adaptive, mechanism comprising focused attention and appraisal of potential threat stimuli and situations. Initially characterized in animal models, it provides a number of behavioral and functional parallels to patterns of rumination, gaze biases, and other forms of affective cognition that appear to be disregulated in depression and anxiety. Serotonergic mechanisms are involved in these mood disorders, and an emerging body of evidence suggests that they may modulate the affective cognitive changes common to such psychopathologies...
July 10, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689637/measurement-of-flow-of-thought-in-68-patients-monitored-in-post-emergency-outpatient-consultations-role-of-ideational-turmoil-in-the-anxiety-depressive-symptomatology
#5
J Vandevoorde, A Sanchez Valero, E Baudoin, S Kamar, B Chabert, T Baudoin
INTRODUCTION: Rumination, cognitive control deficits, cognitive saturation, and loss of inhibition are the major hypotheses used to explain depressive disorders. A few studies have nevertheless looked at the form of thought. In this study, we will test a double measurement of the number of thoughts and a double measurement of the flow of thought together with their correlation with well-being, mental pain, and depression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between May and September 2015, 68 subjects, initially admitted as emergencies for acute anxiety depressive disorders and/or suicide attempts and subsequently monitored as post-emergency outpatients in medico-psychological consultations agreed to complete a set of Visual Analogue Scales measuring their well-being, their mental pain, their estimated number of thoughts and the how agitated these thoughts are estimated to be...
July 6, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686164/-the-role-of-cognitive-emotional-self-regulation-in-adolescence-in-levels-of-depression-psychosomatic-symptoms-and-subjective-well-being
#6
Pálma Kriston, Bettina Pikó
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: More and more studies suggest that mental health may be determined by processes of emotional self-regulation. Emotion regulation is a complex concept which can be explicit and implicit and includes different cognitive and behavioral processes: evaluation, modifying of emotional reaction to accomplish goals. Our research aim was to explore the use of cognitive emotional self-regulation strategies related to mental health indicators among adolescents. METHOD: The youth study was performed with a sample size of 1245 participants in Makó, in 2016...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683799/mindfulness-and-compassion-oriented-practices-at-work-reduce-distress-and-enhance-self-care-of-palliative-care-teams-a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-an-on-the-job-program
#7
Claudia L Orellana-Rios, Lukas Radbruch, Martina Kern, Yesche U Regel, Andreas Anton, Shane Sinclair, Stefan Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Maintaining a sense of self-care while providing patient centered care, can be difficult for practitioners in palliative medicine. We aimed to pilot an "on the job" mindfulness and compassion-oriented meditation training for interdisciplinary teams designed to reduce distress, foster resilience and strengthen a prosocial motivation in the clinical encounter. METHODS: Our objective was to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of this newly developed training...
July 6, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666840/behavioral-activation-sensitivity-and-default-mode-network-subgenual-cingulate-cortex-connectivity-in-youth
#8
Allesandra S Iadipaolo, Hilary A Marusak, Kelsey Sala-Hamrick, Laura M Crespo, Moriah E Thomason, Christine A Rabinak
Increased resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) between the default mode network (DMN) and subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) is consistently reported in adults and youth with psychopathologies related to affect dysregulation (e.g. depression, posttraumatic stress disorder). This pattern of increased rsFC is thought to underlie ruminative thought patterns through integration of negative affect (via sgACC) into self-referential operations supported by the DMN. Neurobiological studies in adults show that behavioral activation system (BAS) sensitivity is a potential protective factor against the development of psychopathology, particularly in the context of stress and trauma exposure...
June 27, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663076/family-functioning-and-parents-dispositions-moderate-the-affective-attentional-and-physiological-consequences-of-rumination-in-children
#9
Cristina Ottaviani, Antonia Lonigro, Blu Cioffi, Demetria Manzi, Fiorenzo Laghi, Roberto Baiocco
In adults, rumination has been associated with costs at affective, cognitive, and physiological levels. We examined if rumination in children is characterized by the same dysfunctional consequences and the possible moderating role of family functioning (cohesion and flexibility) and parents' trait rumination and depression. After induction of rumination, forty children (20 girls; 9.6 years) performed a tracking task with thought probes while their mood, reaction times (RT), heart rate (HR), and variability (HRV) were assessed...
June 27, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659983/the-psychometric-properties-of-attentional-control-scale-and-its-relationship-with-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-a-study-on-iranian-population
#10
Imaneh Abasi, Parvaneh Mohammadkhani, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Behrouz Dolatshahi
Objectives: The attentional control scale is a self- report questionnaire that assesses individual differences in attentional control. Despite its extensive use, the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the ACS are not well understood. Thus, the present study aimed at investigating the psychometric properties of the attentional control scale and its relationship with symptoms of anxiety and depression in Iranian population. Method: Using quota sampling, we asked a community sample of 524 to respond to Attentional Control Scale, mindfulness, emotion regulation, social anxiety, depression, generalized anxiety, worry, and rumination...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653795/reduced-energy-density-of-close-up-diets-decrease-ruminal-ph-and-increase-concentration-of-volatile-fatty-acids-postpartum-in-holstein-cows
#11
Wenming Huang, Yujia Tian, Shengli Li, Zhaohai Wu, Zhijun Cao
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of reduced energy density of close-up diets on ruminal fermentation parameters in transition cows. Fourteen Holstein dry cows were blocked and assigned randomly to three groups fed a high energy density diet (HD, 1.62 Mcal of net energy for lactation (NEL )/kg dry matter (DM)), or a middle energy density diet (MD, 1.47 Mcal NEL /kg DM), or a low energy density diet (LD, 1.30 Mcal NEL /kg DM) prepartum, and were fed the same diet postpartum. The reduced energy density diets decreased the average dry matter intake (DMI) prepartum and tended to increase the DMI postpartum...
June 27, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647669/-engage-therapy-prediction-of-change-of-late-life-major-depression
#12
George S Alexopoulos, Robert O'Neil, Samprit Banerjee, Patrick J Raue, Lindsay W Victoria, Jennifer N Bress, Cristina Pollari, Patricia A Arean
OBJECTIVE: Engage grew out of the need for streamlined psychotherapies that can be accurately used by community therapists in late-life depression. Engage was based on the view that dysfunction of reward networks is the principal mechanism mediating depressive symptoms. Accordingly, Engage uses "reward exposure" (exposure to meaningful activities) and assumes that repeated activation of reward networks will normalize these systems. This study examined whether change in a behavioral activation scale, an index of reward system function, predicts change in depressive symptomatology...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620326/thought-control-ability-is-different-from-rumination-in-explaining-the-association-between-neuroticism-and-depression-a-three-study-replication
#13
Feng-Ying Lu, Wen-Jing Yang, Qing-Lin Zhang, Jiang Qiu
Neuroticism is the most common vulnerability factor of depression. However, the mechanism underlying this vulnerability is still unclear. Previous studies suggested that rumination intensifies the negative effect of neuroticism on depression. However, whether cognitive control could explain the association between neuroticism and depression remains unclear to date. Therefore, this study evaluated the indirect effects of rumination and thought control on the relationship between neuroticism and depression. Seven self-report measures were employed among healthy and main depression disorder (MDD) participants...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619114/reducing-the-rate-and-duration-of-re-admissions-among-patients-with-unipolar-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-using-smartphone-based-monitoring-and-treatment-the-radmis-trials-study-protocol-for-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Mads Frost, Klaus Martiny, Nanna Tuxen, Nicole Rosenberg, Jonas Busk, Ole Winther, Jakob Eyvind Bardram, Lars Vedel Kessing
BACKGROUND: Unipolar and bipolar disorder combined account for nearly half of all morbidity and mortality due to mental and substance use disorders, and burden society with the highest health care costs of all psychiatric and neurological disorders. Among these, costs due to psychiatric hospitalization are a major burden. Smartphones comprise an innovative and unique platform for the monitoring and treatment of depression and mania. No prior trial has investigated whether the use of a smartphone-based system can prevent re-admission among patients discharged from hospital...
June 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618314/the-metacognitions-about-self-critical-rumination-questionnaire
#15
Daniel C Kolubinski, Ana V Nikčević, Jacqueline A Lawrence, Marcantonio M Spada
BACKGROUND: Self-criticism refers to a series of persistent and negative self-judgements, often involuntary, that an individual makes about themselves. Recent research has explored the possibility that self-criticism can lead to a more perseverative style of thinking called self-critical rumination. There is evidence that self-critical rumination may be a separate construct from other forms of rumination, such as depressive rumination and post-event processing. Research has indicated that metacognitions, beliefs that individuals have about their internal experiences and how to control them, may play a role in self-critical rumination...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611690/rethinking-a-negative-event-the-affective-impact-of-ruminative-versus-imagery-based-processing-of-aversive-autobiographical-memories
#16
Christien Slofstra, Maarten C Eisma, Emily A Holmes, Claudi L H Bockting, Maaike H Nauta
INTRODUCTION: Ruminative (abstract verbal) processing during recall of aversive autobiographical memories may serve to dampen their short-term affective impact. Experimental studies indeed demonstrate that verbal processing of non-autobiographical material and positive autobiographical memories evokes weaker affective responses than imagery-based processing. In the current study, we hypothesized that abstract verbal or concrete verbal processing of an aversive autobiographical memory would result in weaker affective responses than imagery-based processing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594202/the-four-faces-of-rumination-to-stressful-events-a-psychometric-analysis
#17
Felipe E García, Almudena Duque, Félix Cova
OBJECTIVE: To increase the knowledge of rumination and its associations with stressful events, we explored the relationships between 4 types of rumination (brooding, reflection, intrusive, and deliberate rumination) in a sample of 750 adult participants who experienced a highly stressful event. We also explored the predictive value of the different types of rumination on posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth 6 months after the highly stressful event occurred. METHOD: Participants completed the Ruminative Response Scale and the Event-Related Rumination Inventory...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593830/the-development-and-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-negative-beliefs-about-post-event-processing-scale
#18
Hayley Rodriguez, Kellie Kissell, Lloyd Lucas, Brian Fisak
BACKGROUND: Although negative beliefs have been found to be associated with worry symptoms and depressive rumination, negative beliefs have yet to be examined in relation to post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Negative Beliefs about Post-Event Processing Questionnaire (NB-PEPQ). METHOD: A large, non-referred undergraduate sample completed the NB-PEPQ along with validation measures, including a measure of post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms...
June 8, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579659/emotion-regulation-and-the-transdiagnostic-role-of-repetitive-negative-thinking-in-adolescents-with-social-anxiety-and-depression
#19
David H Klemanski, Joshua Curtiss, Katie A McLaughlin, Susan Nolen-Hoeksema
Social anxiety and depression are common mental health problems among adolescents and are frequently comorbid. Primary aims of this study were to (1) elucidate the nature of individual differences in specific emotion regulation deficits among adolescents with symptoms of social anxiety and depression, and (2) determine whether repetitive negative thinking (RNT) functions as a transdiagnostic factor. A diverse sample of adolescents (N = 1065) completed measures assessing emotion regulation and symptoms of social anxiety and depression...
April 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575049/cognitive-and-affective-trait-and-state-factors-influencing-the-long-term-symptom-course-in-remitted-depressed-patients
#20
Christina Timm, Bettina Ubl, Vera Zamoscik, Ulrich Ebner-Priemer, Iris Reinhard, Silke Huffziger, Peter Kirsch, Christine Kuehner
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by a high risk for relapses and chronic developments. Clinical characteristics such as residual symptoms have been shown to negatively affect the long-term course of MDD. However, it is unclear so far how trait repetitive negative thinking (RNT) as well as cognitive and affective momentary states, the latter experienced during daily-life, affect the long-term course of MDD. METHOD: We followed up 57 remitted depressed (rMDD) individuals six (T2) and 36 (T3) months after baseline...
2017: PloS One
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