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Naringin AND kidney

Volkan Gelen, Emin Şengül, Serkan Yıldırım, Gözde Atila
Objectives: 5-fluorouracil-induced (5-FU), an anticarcinogenic agent, is reported to have side-effects that include hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. The study objective was to investigate the protective effects of naringin on 5-FU-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. Materials and Methods: Thirty rodents were assigned to three groups. The control group received 1 ml of intragastric distilled water for 14 days. The 5-FU group received 1 ml of distilled water for 14 days as a placebo...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Ya-Ping Xiao, Jie Zeng, Lin-Na Jiao, Xiao-Yu Xu
The treatment effect and signaling pathway regulation effects of kidney-tonifying traditional Chinese medicine on osteoporosis have been widely studied, but there is no systematic summary currently. This review comprehensively collected and analyzed the traditional Chinese medicines on the treatment and signaling pathway regulation of osteoporosis in recent ten years, such as Epimedii Folium, Drynariae Rhizoma, Cnidii Fructus, Eucommiae Cortex, Psoraleae Fructus and Dipsaci Radix. Based on the existing findings, the following conclusions were obtained: ①kidney-tonifying traditional Chinese medicine treated osteoporosis mainly through BMP-Smads, Wnt/ β -catenin, MAPK, PI3K/AKT signaling pathway to promote osteoblast bone formation and through OPG/RANKL/ RANK, estrogen, CTSK signaling pathway to inhibit osteoclasts of bone resorption...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: PloS One
Mouna Maatouk, Nadia Mustapha, Imen Mokdad-Bzeouich, Hind Chaaban, Irina Ioannou, Kamel Ghedira, Mohamed Ghoul, Leila Chekir-Ghedira
A major problem with cancer chemotherapy is its severe toxic effects on non-target tissues. Assessment of natural products for their protective effect against anticancer drugs induced toxicity is gaining importance in cancer biology. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of native and thermal treated naringin on the protective effect against mitomycin C (MMC) induced genotoxicity. The genotoxicity in liver kidney and brain cells isolated from Balb/C mice were evaluated by performing the comet assay...
January 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
A Cerkezkayabekir, F Sanal, E Bakar, E Ulucam, M Inan
We investigated the effects of naringin on small intestine, liver, kidney and lung recovery after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of the gut. Rats were divided randomly into four groups of eight. Group A was the sham control; group B was ischemic for 2 h; group C was ischemic for 2 h and re-perfused for 2 h (I/R); group D was treated with 50 mg/kg naringin after ischemia, then re-perfused for 2 h. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expressions were detected by immunolabeling...
2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
Junwei Zhang, Suxia Yang, Huicong Li, Fang Chen, Jun Shi
Naringin, a naturally flavanone glycoside, has been previously demonstrated to alleviate diabetic kidney disease by inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction. However, the underlying mechanism of naringin in diabetic nephropathy (DN) has not been fully elucidated. Here, the beneficial effect of naringin on DN in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DN rats and high glucose (HG)-induced podocytes and its underlying mechanism were elaborated. The result revealed that naringin alleviated STZ-induced renal dysfunction and injury in DN rats, relieved STZ-induced oxidative stress in vivo and inhibited HG-induced apoptosis and reactive oxygen species level i20n vitro...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Lei Wu, Zhuoyan Ling, Xueqin Feng, Caiping Mao, Zhice Xu
Osteoporosis is one of common bone disorders, affecting millions of people worldwide. Treatments of osteoporosis consist of pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological interventions, such as mineral supplementation, lifestyle changes, and exercise programs. Due to the minimum side effects and favorable cost-effective therapeutic effects, herbal medicine has been widely applied in clinical practices for more than 2,000 years in China. Of the many traditional formulas reported for treating bone diseases, 4 single herbs namely (1) Herba Epimedii, (2) Rhizoma Drynariae, (3) Fructus Psoraleae, and (4) Cortex Eucommiae, are considered as the featured "Kidney-Yang" tonics, and frequently and effectively applied for preventing and treating osteoporosis...
2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Arumugam Ramakrishnan, Natesan Vijayakumar, Mani Renuka
Naringin, plant bioflavonoid extracted mainly from grapefruit and other related citrus species. This study was designed to assess the neuroprotective effect of naringin on ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) induced hyperammonemic rats. Experimental hyperammonemia was induced by intraperitonial injection (i.p) of NH4Cl (100mg/kg body weight (b.w.)) thrice a week for 8 consecutive weeks. Hyperammonemic rats were treated with naringin (80mg/kg b.w.) via oral gavage. Naringin administration drastically restored the levels of blood ammonia, plasma urea, nitric oxide (NO), glutamate, glutamine, lipid peroxidation, lipid profile, activities of liver marker enzymes, antioxidant status and sodium/potassium-ATPase (Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase)...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mohammad Adil, Amit D Kandhare, Pinaki Ghosh, Shivakumar Venkata, Kiran S Raygude, Subhash L Bodhankar
CONTEXT: Acetaminophen (APAP) is an analgesic and antipyretic agent commonly known agent to cause hepatic and renal toxicity at a higher dose. Naringin, a bioflavonoid possesses multiple pharmacological properties such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-hyperlipidemic activity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of naringin against the APAP-induced hepatic and renal toxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar albino rats (180-220 g) were divided into various groups, and toxicity was induced by APAP (700 mg/kg, p...
July 2016: Renal Failure
Fenqin Chen, Ning Zhang, Xiaoyu Ma, Ting Huang, Ying Shao, Can Wu, Qiuyue Wang
Naringin, a flavanone glycoside extracted from Citrus grandis Osbeck, has a wide range of pharmacological effects. In the present study we aimed at demonstrating the protective effect of naringin against diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and elucidating its possible molecular mechanism underlying. The beneficial effect of naringin was assessed in rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes and high glucose-induced HBZY-1 cells. According to our results, first we found that naringin relieved kidney injury, improved renal function and inhibited collagen formation and renal interstitial fibrosis...
2015: PloS One
Yassine Chtourou, Baktha Aouey, Sonia Aroui, Mohammed Kebieche, Hamadi Fetoui
Nephrotoxicity is a common complication of cisplatin chemotherapy and thus limits the use of cisplatin in clinic. Naringin, a natural flavonoid, plays important roles in inflammation and apoptosis in some inflammatory diseases; however, its roles in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity remain unclear. In this study, we first assessed the involvement of ROS overproduction and inflammation in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in aged rats, and then we investigated the changes of renal function, histological injury, inflammatory response, and apoptosis in renal tissues after treatment with naringin (20, 50 or 100 mg/kg body weight)...
January 5, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Yassine Chtourou, Zeineb Kamoun, Wissem Zarrouk, Mohammed Kebieche, Choumous Kallel, Radhouane Gdoura, Hamadi Fetoui
Naringenin (NGEN) is a natural flavonoid aglycone of naringin that has been reported to have a wide range of pharmacological properties, such as antioxidant activity and free radical scavenging capacity. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of NGEN on oxidative and inflammatory parameters, as well as to evaluate the hydrolysis of adenine nucleotides in kidney and platelet membranes of rats exposed to a hypercholesterolemic diet (HCD) for 90 days. Kidney oxidative stress and mRNA expression of the ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases), ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73), inducible NO synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) genes were evaluated by real time RT-PCR...
January 2016: Food & Function
Mohammad Adil, Amit D Kandhare, Asjad Visnagri, Subhash L Bodhankar
Chronic exposure of a naturally occurring metal arsenic leads to renal and hepatic diseases. Naringin, a flavanone glycoside, possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant potential. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the protective effect of naringin against arsenic-induced renal and hepatic toxicity in rats. Renal and hepatic toxicity was induced in rats by sodium arsenite (5 mg/kg, p.o.). Rats were treated orally with either vehicle or naringin (20, 40, and 80 mg/kg) or Coenzyme Q10 (10 mg/kg) for 28 days...
2015: Renal Failure
Asjad Visnagri, Mohammad Adil, Amit D Kandhare, Subhash L Bodhankar
BACKGROUND: Renal artery occlusion (RAO) induced hypertension is a major health problem associated with structural and functional variations of the renal and cardiac vasculature. Naringin a flavanone glycoside derived possesses metal-chelating, antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the antihypertensive activity of naringin in RAO induced hypertension in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats (180-200 g) were divided into five groups Sham, RAO, naringin (20, 40 and 80 mg/kg)...
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Ting-ting Yuan, Hong-tao Xu, Liang Zhao, Lei Lv, Yong-jing He, Nan-dan Zhang, Lu-ping Qin, Ting Han, Qiao-yan Zhang
Curculigoside has an extensive pharmacological activity, including estrogen-like, improving sexual behavior, antiosteoporotic, antioxidant, immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects. However, few investigations have been conducted about the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of curculigoside to better understand its behavior and action mechanism in vivo. Thus, a sensitive and reliable liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) method was established and validated for the quantification of curculigoside in rat plasma and tissue samples...
March 2015: Fitoterapia
Shiuan-Pey Lin, Yu-Chi Hou, Shang-Yuan Tsai, Meng-Ju Wang, Pei-Dawn Lee Chao
Background: Naringin is a major antioxidant in Citrus fruits and herbs. To clarify molecular forms distributed to various tissues, we investigated tissue distribution of naringin and relevant metabolites in rats after repeated dosing. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered naringin (210 mg/kg) twice daily for eight days. At 6 h post the 17(th) dose, various tissues including liver, kidney, heart, spleen and brain were collected and analyzed by HPLC method before and after hydrolysis with β-glucuronidase and sulfatase, individually...
2014: BioMedicine
Maria Bexten, Stefan Oswald, Markus Grube, Jia Jia, Tanja Graf, Uwe Zimmermann, Kathrin Rodewald, Oliver Zolk, Ulrich Schwantes, Werner Siegmund, Markus Keiser
The cationic, water-soluble quaternary trospium chloride (TC) is incompletely absorbed from the gut and undergoes wide distribution but does not pass the blood-brain barrier. It is secreted by the kidneys, liver, and intestine. To evaluate potential transport mechanisms for TC, we measured affinity of the drug to the human uptake and efflux transporters known to be of pharmacokinetic relevance. Affinity of TC to the uptake transporters OATP1A2, -1B1, -1B3, -2B1, OCT1, -2, -3, OCTN2, NTCP, and ASBT and the efflux carriers P-gp, MRP2 and MRP3 transfected in HEK293 and MDCK2 cells was measured...
January 5, 2015: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Bidya Dhar Sahu, Srujana Tatireddy, Meghana Koneru, Roshan M Borkar, Jerald Mahesh Kumar, Madhusudana Kuncha, R Srinivas, R Shyam Sunder, Ramakrishna Sistla
Gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity has been well documented, although its underlying mechanisms and preventive strategies remain to be investigated. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of naringin, a bioflavonoid, on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity and to elucidate the potential mechanism. Serum specific renal function parameters (blood urea nitrogen and creatinine) and histopathology of kidney tissues were evaluated to assess the gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. Renal oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants), inflammatory (NF-kB [p65], TNF-α, IL-6 and MPO) and apoptotic (caspase 3, caspase 9, Bax, Bcl-2, p53 and DNA fragmentation) markers were also evaluated...
May 15, 2014: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Yamini Chandramohan, Chetenchery Somasundaram Parameswari
BACKGROUND: Clinically, chronic nephrotoxicity may lead to renal functional impairment and progress to end stage renal failure. The renoprotective effect of a flavonoid naringin (NG) against cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced nephrotoxicitywas investigated in this study. METHODS: Nephrotoxicity was induced in male albino Wistar rats by injecting 25 mg/kg body weight of CsAfor a period of 21 days. CsA-induced rats were also cotreated with 40 mg of NG/kg body weight, orally...
2013: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Mohammad Ali Ghaffari, Mehrnoosh Shanaki
The non-enzymatic carbamylation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) is a naturally occurring chemical modification of apolipoprotein B as a result of condensation between lysine residues and cyanate derived from urea. Carbamylated LDL is poorly recognized by LDL receptors and initiates different processes that can be considered proatherogenic. Thus, LDL carbamylation may contribute to the increased risk of atherosclerosis in patients with kidney failure. The objective of this study was to investigate in vitro effects of flavonoids on LDL carbamylation...
2010: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
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