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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848901/herb-medicines-against-osteoporosis-active-compounds-relevant-biological-mechanisms
#1
Lei Wu, Zhuoyan Ling, Xueqin Feng, Caiping Mao, Zhice Xu
Osteoporosis is one of common bone disorders, affecting millions of people worldwide. Treatments of osteoporosis consist of pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological interventions, such as mineral supplementation, lifestyle changes, and exercise programs. Due to the minimum side effects and favorable cost-effective therapeutic effects, herbal medicine has been widely applied in clinical practices for more than 2,000 years in China. Of the many traditional formulas reported for treating bone diseases, 4 single herbs namely (1) Herba Epimedii, (2) Rhizoma Drynariae, (3) Fructus Psoraleae, and (4) Cortex Eucommiae, are considered as the featured "Kidney-Yang" tonics, and frequently and effectively applied for preventing and treating osteoporosis...
November 16, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836465/naringin-regulates-glutamate-nitric-oxide-cgmp-pathway-in-ammonium-chloride-induced-neurotoxicity
#2
Arumugam Ramakrishnan, Natesan Vijayakumar, Mani Renuka
Naringin, plant bioflavonoid extracted mainly from grapefruit and other related citrus species. This study was designed to assess the neuroprotective effect of naringin on ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) induced hyperammonemic rats. Experimental hyperammonemia was induced by intraperitonial injection (i.p) of NH4Cl (100mg/kg body weight (b.w.)) thrice a week for 8 consecutive weeks. Hyperammonemic rats were treated with naringin (80mg/kg b.w.) via oral gavage. Naringin administration drastically restored the levels of blood ammonia, plasma urea, nitric oxide (NO), glutamate, glutamine, lipid peroxidation, lipid profile, activities of liver marker enzymes, antioxidant status and sodium/potassium-ATPase (Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase)...
November 8, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050864/ameliorative-effect-of-naringin-in-acetaminophen-induced-hepatic-and-renal-toxicity-in-laboratory-rats-role-of-fxr-and-kim-1
#3
Mohammad Adil, Amit D Kandhare, Pinaki Ghosh, Shivakumar Venkata, Kiran S Raygude, Subhash L Bodhankar
CONTEXT: Acetaminophen (APAP) is an analgesic and antipyretic agent commonly known agent to cause hepatic and renal toxicity at a higher dose. Naringin, a bioflavonoid possesses multiple pharmacological properties such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-hyperlipidemic activity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of naringin against the APAP-induced hepatic and renal toxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar albino rats (180-220 g) were divided into various groups, and toxicity was induced by APAP (700 mg/kg, p...
July 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26619044/naringin-alleviates-diabetic-kidney-disease-through-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-reaction
#4
Fenqin Chen, Ning Zhang, Xiaoyu Ma, Ting Huang, Ying Shao, Can Wu, Qiuyue Wang
Naringin, a flavanone glycoside extracted from Citrus grandis Osbeck, has a wide range of pharmacological effects. In the present study we aimed at demonstrating the protective effect of naringin against diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and elucidating its possible molecular mechanism underlying. The beneficial effect of naringin was assessed in rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes and high glucose-induced HBZY-1 cells. According to our results, first we found that naringin relieved kidney injury, improved renal function and inhibited collagen formation and renal interstitial fibrosis...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612654/anti-apoptotic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-naringin-on-cisplatin-induced-renal-injury-in-the-rat
#5
Yassine Chtourou, Baktha Aouey, Sonia Aroui, Mohammed Kebieche, Hamadi Fetoui
Nephrotoxicity is a common complication of cisplatin chemotherapy and thus limits the use of cisplatin in clinic. Naringin, a natural flavonoid, plays important roles in inflammation and apoptosis in some inflammatory diseases; however, its roles in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity remain unclear. In this study, we first assessed the involvement of ROS overproduction and inflammation in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in aged rats, and then we investigated the changes of renal function, histological injury, inflammatory response, and apoptosis in renal tissues after treatment with naringin (20, 50 or 100 mg/kg body weight)...
January 5, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26565065/naringenin-ameliorates-renal-and-platelet-purinergic-signalling-alterations-in-high-cholesterol-fed-rats-through-the-suppression-of-ros-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways
#6
Yassine Chtourou, Zeineb Kamoun, Wissem Zarrouk, Mohammed Kebieche, Choumous Kallel, Radhouane Gdoura, Hamadi Fetoui
Naringenin (NGEN) is a natural flavonoid aglycone of naringin that has been reported to have a wide range of pharmacological properties, such as antioxidant activity and free radical scavenging capacity. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of NGEN on oxidative and inflammatory parameters, as well as to evaluate the hydrolysis of adenine nucleotides in kidney and platelet membranes of rats exposed to a hypercholesterolemic diet (HCD) for 90 days. Kidney oxidative stress and mRNA expression of the ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases), ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73), inducible NO synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) genes were evaluated by real time RT-PCR...
January 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26337322/naringin-ameliorates-sodium-arsenite-induced-renal-and-hepatic-toxicity-in-rats-decisive-role-of-kim-1-caspase-3-tgf-%C3%AE-and-tnf-%C3%AE
#7
Mohammad Adil, Amit D Kandhare, Asjad Visnagri, Subhash L Bodhankar
Chronic exposure of a naturally occurring metal arsenic leads to renal and hepatic diseases. Naringin, a flavanone glycoside, possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant potential. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the protective effect of naringin against arsenic-induced renal and hepatic toxicity in rats. Renal and hepatic toxicity was induced in rats by sodium arsenite (5 mg/kg, p.o.). Rats were treated orally with either vehicle or naringin (20, 40, and 80 mg/kg) or Coenzyme Q10 (10 mg/kg) for 28 days...
2015: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25883516/effect-of-naringin-on-hemodynamic-changes-and-left-ventricular-function-in-renal-artery-occluded-renovascular-hypertension-in-rats
#8
Asjad Visnagri, Mohammad Adil, Amit D Kandhare, Subhash L Bodhankar
BACKGROUND: Renal artery occlusion (RAO) induced hypertension is a major health problem associated with structural and functional variations of the renal and cardiac vasculature. Naringin a flavanone glycoside derived possesses metal-chelating, antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the antihypertensive activity of naringin in RAO induced hypertension in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats (180-200 g) were divided into five groups Sham, RAO, naringin (20, 40 and 80 mg/kg)...
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25549926/pharmacokinetic-and-tissue-distribution-profile-of-curculigoside-after-oral-and-intravenously-injection-administration-in-rats-by-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#9
Ting-ting Yuan, Hong-tao Xu, Liang Zhao, Lei Lv, Yong-jing He, Nan-dan Zhang, Lu-ping Qin, Ting Han, Qiao-yan Zhang
Curculigoside has an extensive pharmacological activity, including estrogen-like, improving sexual behavior, antiosteoporotic, antioxidant, immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects. However, few investigations have been conducted about the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of curculigoside to better understand its behavior and action mechanism in vivo. Thus, a sensitive and reliable liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) method was established and validated for the quantification of curculigoside in rat plasma and tissue samples...
March 2015: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25520929/tissue-distribution-of-naringenin-conjugated-metabolites-following-repeated-dosing-of-naringin-to-rats
#10
Shiuan-Pey Lin, Yu-Chi Hou, Shang-Yuan Tsai, Meng-Ju Wang, Pei-Dawn Lee Chao
Background: Naringin is a major antioxidant in Citrus fruits and herbs. To clarify molecular forms distributed to various tissues, we investigated tissue distribution of naringin and relevant metabolites in rats after repeated dosing. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered naringin (210 mg/kg) twice daily for eight days. At 6 h post the 17(th) dose, various tissues including liver, kidney, heart, spleen and brain were collected and analyzed by HPLC method before and after hydrolysis with β-glucuronidase and sulfatase, individually...
2014: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25466967/expression-of-drug-transporters-and-drug-metabolizing-enzymes-in-the-bladder-urothelium-in-man-and-affinity-of-the-bladder-spasmolytic-trospium-chloride-to-transporters-likely-involved-in-its-pharmacokinetics
#11
Maria Bexten, Stefan Oswald, Markus Grube, Jia Jia, Tanja Graf, Uwe Zimmermann, Kathrin Rodewald, Oliver Zolk, Ulrich Schwantes, Werner Siegmund, Markus Keiser
The cationic, water-soluble quaternary trospium chloride (TC) is incompletely absorbed from the gut and undergoes wide distribution but does not pass the blood-brain barrier. It is secreted by the kidneys, liver, and intestine. To evaluate potential transport mechanisms for TC, we measured affinity of the drug to the human uptake and efflux transporters known to be of pharmacokinetic relevance. Affinity of TC to the uptake transporters OATP1A2, -1B1, -1B3, -2B1, OCT1, -2, -3, OCTN2, NTCP, and ASBT and the efflux carriers P-gp, MRP2 and MRP3 transfected in HEK293 and MDCK2 cells was measured...
January 5, 2015: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24637089/naringin-ameliorates-gentamicin-induced-nephrotoxicity-and-associated-mitochondrial-dysfunction-apoptosis-and-inflammation-in-rats-possible-mechanism-of-nephroprotection
#12
Bidya Dhar Sahu, Srujana Tatireddy, Meghana Koneru, Roshan M Borkar, Jerald Mahesh Kumar, Madhusudana Kuncha, R Srinivas, R Shyam Sunder, Ramakrishna Sistla
Gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity has been well documented, although its underlying mechanisms and preventive strategies remain to be investigated. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of naringin, a bioflavonoid, on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity and to elucidate the potential mechanism. Serum specific renal function parameters (blood urea nitrogen and creatinine) and histopathology of kidney tissues were evaluated to assess the gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. Renal oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants), inflammatory (NF-kB [p65], TNF-α, IL-6 and MPO) and apoptotic (caspase 3, caspase 9, Bax, Bcl-2, p53 and DNA fragmentation) markers were also evaluated...
May 15, 2014: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24399730/therapeutic-efficacy-of-naringin-on-cyclosporine-a-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats-involvement-of-hemeoxygenase-1
#13
Yamini Chandramohan, Chetenchery Somasundaram Parameswari
BACKGROUND: Clinically, chronic nephrotoxicity may lead to renal functional impairment and progress to end stage renal failure. The renoprotective effect of a flavonoid naringin (NG) against cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced nephrotoxicitywas investigated in this study. METHODS: Nephrotoxicity was induced in male albino Wistar rats by injecting 25 mg/kg body weight of CsAfor a period of 21 days. CsA-induced rats were also cotreated with 40 mg of NG/kg body weight, orally...
2013: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24363709/evalution-of-in-vitro-effect-of-flavonoids-on-human-low-density-lipoprotein-carbamylation
#14
Mohammad Ali Ghaffari, Mehrnoosh Shanaki
The non-enzymatic carbamylation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) is a naturally occurring chemical modification of apolipoprotein B as a result of condensation between lysine residues and cyanate derived from urea. Carbamylated LDL is poorly recognized by LDL receptors and initiates different processes that can be considered proatherogenic. Thus, LDL carbamylation may contribute to the increased risk of atherosclerosis in patients with kidney failure. The objective of this study was to investigate in vitro effects of flavonoids on LDL carbamylation...
2010: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24116280/effects-of-ethyl-acetate-extract-of-poncirus-trifoliata-fruit-for-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis
#15
Hyung-Young Yoon, Yun-Seok Cho, Qinglong Jin, Hyun-Gyu Kim, Eun-Rhan Woo, Yoon-Sok Chung
Poncirus trifoliata fruit (PTF) affects the digestive and cardiovascular systems, and kidney function. The authors studied the effects of ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of PTF on the activities of osteoblasts and in an animal model. The main compounds of the EtOAc extract, naringin and poncirin have been confi rmed by HPLC and NMR analysis. Effects of osteoblastic differentiation were mea-sured by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, osteopontin (OPN) protein expression and osteoprotegerin (OPG) mRNA expression in MC3T3-E1 cells...
January 2012: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23239001/population-pharmacokinetics-of-naringin-in-total-flavonoids-of-drynaria-fortunei-kunze-j-sm-in-chinese-women-with-primary-osteoporosis
#16
Jian-nong Wang, Jun-jie Jiang, Yan-ming Xie, Xu Wei, Jian-peng Li, Jing-li Duan, Xin Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of covariates on the pharmacokinetic profiles of naringin in the total flavonoids of Drynaria fortunei (Kunze) J. Sm. in the Qianggu Capsule () by evaluating Chinese women with primary osteoporosis. METHODS: A total of 98 female patients from the communities of Jingshan, Beixinqiao, Jiaodaokou, Chaoyangmen, and Donghuamen in Beijing, China, aged 40 to 80 years, were included in this study. Blood samples were collected before and 0...
December 2012: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22676443/transfected-mdck-cell-line-with-enhanced-expression-of-cyp3a4-and-p-glycoprotein-as-a-model-to-study-their-role-in-drug-transport-and-metabolism
#17
Deep Kwatra, Balasubramanyam Budda, Aswani Dutt Vadlapudi, Ramya Krishna Vadlapatla, Dhananjay Pal, Ashim K Mitra
The aim of this study was to characterize and utilize MDCK cell line expressing CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein as an in vitro model for evaluating drug-herb and drug-drug of abuse interactions. MDCK cell line simultaneously expressing P-gp and CYP3A4 (MMC) was developed and characterized by using expression and activity studies. Cellular transport study of 200 μM cortisol was performed to determine their combined activity. The study was carried across MDCK-WT, MDCK-MDR1 and MMC cell lines. Similar studies were also carried out in the presence of 50 μM naringin and 3 μM morphine...
July 2, 2012: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22270844/tissue-distribution-study-of-naringin-in-rats-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#18
W Zou, C Yang, M Liu, W Su
Naringin (CAS 10236-47-2), a flavanone glucoside widely present in fruits of citrus plants, has received extensive studies on its potential effects on health benefits and was recently demonstrated to be a putative antitussive. In this study, we determined the tissue distributions of naringin and its metabolites (naringenin and naringenin's conjugates) in rats to examine whether they undergo selective uptake by specific organs. Naringin was administered orally to rats at the dose of 42 mg/kg and the concentrations of naringin and its metabolites in tissue compartments were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
April 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21736771/up-regulation-of-ppar%C3%AE-heat-shock-protein-27-and-72-by-naringin-attenuates-insulin-resistance-%C3%AE-cell-dysfunction-hepatic-steatosis-and-kidney-damage-in-a-rat-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#19
Ashok Kumar Sharma, Saurabh Bharti, Shreesh Ojha, Jagriti Bhatia, Narender Kumar, Ruma Ray, Santosh Kumari, Dharamvir Singh Arya
Naringin, a bioflavonoid isolated from grapefruit, is well known to possess lipid-lowering and insulin-like properties. Therefore, we assessed whether naringin treatment ameliorates insulin resistance (IR), β-cell dysfunction, hepatic steatosis and kidney damage in high-fat diet (HFD)-streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 2 diabetic rats. Wistar albino male rats were fed a HFD (55 % energy from fat and 2 % cholesterol) to develop IR and on the 10th day injected with a low dose of streptozotocin (40 mg/kg, intraperitoneal (ip)) to induce type 2 diabetes...
December 2011: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21633340/pharmacokinetic-impact-of-slco1a2-polymorphisms-on-imatinib-disposition-in-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia
#20
Y Yamakawa, A Hamada, T Shuto, M Yuki, T Uchida, H Kai, T Kawaguchi, H Saito
The purpose of this study was to explore the role of the organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1A2, which is encoded by SLCO1A2, in the cellular uptake of the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib, and the relationship between SLCO1A2 polymorphisms and the pharmacokinetics of imatinib in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Imatinib uptake was significantly enhanced in OATP1A2-transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells (P = 0.002). Naringin, an OATP1A2 inhibitor, decreased the transport of imatinib in OATP1A2-transfected HEK293 cells, the human intestinal cell line Caco-2, and K562 CML cells...
July 2011: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
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