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2016

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161806/young-academic-urologist-benign-prostatic-obstruction-nomogram-predicts-clinical-outcome-in-patients-treated-with-transurethral-resection-of-prostate-an-italian-cohort-study
#1
Cosimo DE Nunzio, Riccardo Lombardo, Antonio Nacchia, Marianna Deroma, Hassan Alkhatatbeh, Aldo Brassetti, Andrea Tubaro
BACKROUND: Aim of our study was to test the Young Academic Urologist nomogram for the prediction of transurethral resection of prostate outcome in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic enlargement. METHODS: Between April 2014 and March 2016, a consecutive series of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms undergoing trans-urethral resection of prostate in one center were enrolled. At baseline patients were assessed with international prostate symptom score, prostate specific antigen, prostate volume, transitional zone volume, maximal urinary flow rate and post void residual urine...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161713/clinical-benefits-of-high-volume-hemofiltration-in-critically-ill-pediatric-patients-with-severe-sepsis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Huijie Miao, Fei Wang, Xi Xiong, Chunxia Wang, Yucai Zhang
AIMS: The study aimed to assess the clinical benefits of high-volume hemofiltration (HVHF) in pediatric patients with severe sepsis compared with standard-volume continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 155 pediatric patients with severe sepsis admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit of Shanghai Children's Hospital from January 2010 to June 2016. A total of 93 patients were treated with HVHF and 62 patients were treated with CVVH...
November 22, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161529/developing-a-serious-videogame-for-preteens-to-motivate-hpv-vaccination-decision-making-land-of-secret-gardens
#3
Joan R Cates, Bernard F Fuemmeler, Sandra J Diehl, Laurie L Stockton, Jeannette Porter, Chioma Ihekweazu, Arshya S Gurbani, Tamera Coyne-Beasley
INTRODUCTION: Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is routinely recommended for ages 11-12, yet in 2016 only 49.5% of women and 37.5% of men had completed the three-dose series in the United States. Offering information and cues to action through a serious videogame for preteens may foster HPV vaccination awareness, information seeking, and communication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An iterative process was used to develop an interactive videogame, Land of Secret Gardens...
November 21, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161466/treating-early-undifferentiated-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-direct-and-indirect-trial-evidence
#4
Maria A Lopez-Olivo, Voke Kakpovbia-Eshareturi, Jude des Bordes, Andrea Barbo, Robin Christensen, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
OBJECTIVE: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of direct and indirect trial evidence to evaluate the efficacy of treatments for patients with undifferentiated arthritis (UA). METHODS: We searched four electronic databases from inception to January 2016, clinicaltrials. gov, and bibliographies of relevant articles. Two reviewers independently screened and evaluated the studies. The primary outcome was development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RESULTS: Nine studies were included...
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161456/integrated-care-with-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Melissa E Lewis, Laurelle L Myhra
INTRODUCTION: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161368/management-of-cardiac-tamponade-in-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-single-centre-15%C3%A2-year-experience-on-5222-procedures
#6
Rikuta Hamaya, Shinsuke Miyazaki, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Shigeki Kusa, Hiroaki Nakamura, Hitoshi Hachiya, Takatsugu Kajiyama, Tomonori Watanabe, Miyako Igarashi, Kenzo Hirao, Yoshito Iesaka
Aims: Cardiac tamponade during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is infrequent but potentially fatal. This study aimed to retrospectively investigate the incidence, management, and outcomes of tamponade in large patient series. Methods and results: The study analysed 5222 AF ablation procedures in 3483 patients between 2002 and 2016 under a heparin-bridge anticoagulation protocol. Cardiac tamponade occurred in 51 procedures/patients, and the incidence was 0...
November 17, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161363/improved-survival-in-metastatic-germ-cell-cancer
#7
C D Fankhauser, S Sander, L Roth, J Beyer, T Hermanns
Background: The prognostic score of the International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group (IGCCCG) in metastatic germ-cell cancers (mGCC) relies on treatments delivered before 1990. It is unclear, if this score is still relevant to contemporary cohorts of patients who receive modern-type chemotherapy and supportive care. Patients and Methods: All patients who underwent cisplatin/etoposide based first-line chemotherapy for mGCC at the University Hospital Zurich (USZ) between 1991 and 2016 were identified retrospectively...
November 17, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161342/oral-frailty-as-a-risk-factor-for-physical-frailty-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#8
Tomoki Tanaka, Kyo Takahashi, Hirohiko Hirano, Takeshi Kikutani, Yutaka Watanabe, Yuki Ohara, Hiroyasu Furuya, Tetsuo Tsuji, Masahiro Akishita, Katsuya Iijima
Background: Oral health is important for maintaining general health among the elderly. However, a longitudinal association between poor oral health and general health has not been reported. We investigated whether poor oral status can predict physical weakening (physical frailty, sarcopenia, subsequent disability) and identified the longitudinal impact of the accumulated poor oral health (i.e., oral frailty) on adverse health outcomes, including mortality. Methods: A total of 2,011 elderly individuals (aged ≥65 years) participated in the baseline survey of the Kashiwa study in 2012...
November 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161302/characteristics-of-somatic-tinnitus-patients-with-and-without-hyperacusis
#9
Massimo Ralli, Richard J Salvi, Antonio Greco, Rosaria Turchetta, Armando De Virgilio, Giancarlo Altissimi, Giuseppe Attanasio, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Marco de Vincentiis
OBJECTIVE: Determine if somatic tinnitus patients with hyperacusis have different characteristics from those without hyperacusis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 172 somatic tinnitus patients with (n = 82) and without (n = 90) hyperacusis referred to the Tinnitus Unit of Sapienza University of Rome between June 2012 and June 2016 were compared for demographic characteristics, tinnitus features, self-administered questionnaire scores, nature of somatic modulation and history...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161295/cardiac-and-renal-dysfunction-is-associated-with-progressive-hearing-loss-in-patients-with-fabry-disease
#10
Maria Köping, Wafaa Shehata-Dieler, Mario Cebulla, Kristen Rak, Daniel Oder, Jonas Müntze, Peter Nordbeck, Christoph Wanner, Rudolf Hagen, Sebastian Schraven
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked recessive hereditary lysosomal storage disorder which results in the accumulation of globotriaosylceramid (Gb3) in tissues of kidney and heart as well as central and peripheral nervous system. Besides prominent renal and cardiac organ involvement, cochlear symptoms like high-frequency hearing loss and tinnitus are frequently found with yet no comprehensive data available in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To examine hearing loss in patients with FD depending on cardiac and renal function...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161260/hiv-self-testing-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Andrew Fullem, Caitlin Dunn, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing (HIVST) may play a role in addressing gaps in HIV testing coverage and as an entry point for HIV prevention services. We conducted a cluster randomized trial of 2 HIVST distribution mechanisms compared to the standard of care among female sex workers (FSWs) in Zambia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Trained peer educators in Kapiri Mposhi, Chirundu, and Livingstone, Zambia, each recruited 6 FSW participants. Peer educator-FSW groups were randomized to 1 of 3 arms: (1) delivery (direct distribution of an oral HIVST from the peer educator), (2) coupon (a coupon for collection of an oral HIVST from a health clinic/pharmacy), or (3) standard-of-care HIV testing...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161256/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-and-early-antiretroviral-treatment-among-female-sex-workers-in-south-africa-results-from-a-prospective-observational-demonstration-project
#12
Robyn Eakle, Gabriela B Gomez, Niven Naicker, Rutendo Bothma, Judie Mbogua, Maria A Cabrera Escobar, Elaine Saayman, Michelle Moorhouse, W D Francois Venter, Helen Rees
BACKGROUND: Operational research is required to design delivery of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and early antiretroviral treatment (ART). This paper presents the primary analysis of programmatic data, as well as demographic, behavioural, and clinical data, from the TAPS Demonstration Project, which offered both interventions to female sex workers (FSWs) at 2 urban clinic sites in South Africa. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The TAPS study was conducted between 30 March 2015 and 30 June 2017, with the enrolment period ending on 31 July 2016...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161218/the-impact-of-dementia-on-relationships-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-later-life-couples-an-integrative-qualitative-analysis-of-existing-literature
#13
Kristen Holdsworth, Marita McCabe
OBJECTIVES: The onset and progression of dementia can have a profound effect on the couple dyad. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the literature investigating the impact of dementia on the relationships, intimacy, and sexuality in older couples. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in May 2016 for relevant research articles. Five databases were searched: Web of Science, PsycINFO, MedLine, Scopus and CINAHL. The reference lists of articles included in the review were screened along with the reference list of other relevant reviews...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161199/intranasal-budesonide-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Gunnhildur Gudnadottir, Eva Ellegård, Johan Hellgren
Objective To study the efficacy of budesonide nasal spray on the health-related quality of life and symptoms among children with sleep-disordered breathing. Study Design Randomized, parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Setting Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Sixty children (ages, 4-10 years) who were referred because of snoring and/or apneas for >3 months were included between January 2015 and June 2016 and randomized in a double-blind design to treatment with 64 μg/mL of budesonide nasal spray (n = 30) or placebo nasal spray (n = 30) twice daily for 6 weeks...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161064/meeting-the-institute-of-medicine-s-2030-life-expectancy-target
#15
David Kindig, Jenna Nobles, Moheb Zidan
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the improvement in US life expectancy required to reach parity with high-resource nations by 2030, to document historical precedent of this rate, and to discuss the plausibility of achieving this rate in the United States. METHODS: We performed a demographic analysis of secondary data in 5-year periods from 1985 to 2015. RESULTS: To achieve the United Nations projected mortality estimates for Western Europe in 2030, the US life expectancy must grow at 0...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161062/exposure-to-marijuana-marketing-after-legalization-of-retail-sales-oregonians-experiences-2015-2016
#16
Steven C Fiala, Julia A Dilley, Caislin L Firth, Julie E Maher
OBJECTIVES: To assess exposure to marijuana advertising in Oregon after the start of retail marijuana sales in October 2015. METHODS: We conducted a repeated cross-sectional online survey of 4001 Oregon adults aged 18 years and older in November 2015 and April-May 2016. We assessed subgroup differences by using the Pearson χ(2) test. RESULTS: More than half of adults (54.8%) statewide reported seeing marijuana advertising in the past month...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161061/evaluation-of-the-environmental-scoring-system-in-multiple-child-asthma-intervention-programs-in-boston-massachusetts
#17
Zhao Dong, Anjali Nath, Jing Guo, Urmi Bhaumik, May Y Chin, Sherry Dong, Erica Marshall, Johnna S Murphy, Megan T Sandel, Susan J Sommer, Sanouri Ursprung, Elizabeth R Woods, Margaret Reid, Gary Adamkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: To test the applicability of the Environmental Scoring System, a quick and simple approach for quantitatively measuring environmental triggers collected during home visits, and to evaluate its contribution to improving asthma outcomes among various child asthma programs. METHODS: We pooled and analyzed data from multiple child asthma programs in the Greater Boston Area, Massachusetts, collected in 2011 to 2016, to examine the association of environmental scores (ES) with measures of asthma outcomes and compare the results across programs...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160727/a-review-of-perioperative-complications-of-outpatient-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#18
Todd R Borenstein, Kapil Anand, Quanlin Li, Timothy P Charlton, David B Thordarson
BACKGROUND: Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is commonly pursued for patients with painful arthritis. Outpatient TAA are increasingly common and have been shown to decrease costs compared to inpatient surgery. However, there are very few studies examining the safety of outpatient TAA. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed 65 consecutive patients who received outpatient TAA to identify complication rates. METHODS: The medical records of 65 consecutive outpatient TAA from October 2012 to May 2016 with a minimum 6-month follow-up were reviewed...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160599/models-of-care-for-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Ruairidh Nicoll, Lynn Robertson, Elliot Gemmell, Pawana Sharma, Corri Black, Angharad Marks
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common and presents an increasing burden to patients and health services. However, the optimal model of care for patients with CKD is unclear. We systematically reviewed the clinical effectiveness of different models of care for the management of CKD. A comprehensive search of eight databases was undertaken for articles published from 1992 to 2016. We included randomised controlled trials which assessed any model of care in the management of adults with pre-dialysis CKD, reporting renal, cardiovascular, mortality and other outcomes...
November 21, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160561/can-overnight-stenting-be-safely-eliminated-following-a-pharyngeal-flap-a-matched-comparison-study
#20
Andre M Wineland, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Paul Willging
OBJECTIVE: Determine if overnight stenting is warranted after pharyngeal flap for management of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) in pediatric patients METHODS: This is a retrospective age-matched cohort study from a single tertiary pediatric facility. Patients who underwent a posterior pharyngeal flap for VPI from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2016, were included. Two equal groups were constructed based on when their nasal stents were removed, that is, postoperative day (POD) 0 or POD 1...
November 21, 2017: Laryngoscope
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