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Sperm preparation

W Tipkantha, P Thuwanut, B Siriaroonrat, P Comizzoli, K Chatdarong
Clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa) produced high proportion of abnormal spermatozoa (mainly tail defects) that can limit sperm movement and conception. The study aimed to better identify the origin of those defects using a demembranation approach. Ejaculates (1-2 ejaculations/male; n = 9) were allocated to simple washing (control; resulting in 11.7% ± 1.9% coiled tails) and processed through colloid centrifugation to reduce the number of sperm with tail defects (treatment, resulting in 5.9% ± 0.9% coiled tails)...
October 18, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Shi-Kai Jin, Wan-Xi Yang
In mammals, fertilization occurs via a comprehensive progression of events. Freshly ejaculated sperm have yet to acquire progressive motility or fertilization ability. They must first undergo a series of biochemical and physiological changes, collectively known as capacitation. Capacitation is a significant prerequisite to fertilization. During the process of capacitation, changes in membrane properties, intracellular ion concentration and the activities of enzymes, together with other protein modifications, induce multiple signaling events and pathways in defined media in vitro or in the female reproductive tract in vivo...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
A Franchi, M Cubilla, H A Guidobaldi, A A Bravo, L C Giojalas
STUDY QUESTION: Does the rapid transit through the uterine environment modulate the sperm physiological state? SUMMARY ANSWER: The uterosome-like vesicles (ULV) secreted by endometrial epithelial cells (EEC) in vitro are able to fuse with human spermatozoa, prompting their fertilising capacity. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Early studies suggest that sperm capacitation begins in the uterus and ends in the oviduct, and that a synergistic effect of both female organs may accelerate this process...
September 27, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
Hernán Cucho, Virgilio Alarcón, César Ordóñez, Enrique Ampuero, Aydee Meza, Carles Soler
The Andean puma (Puma concolor) has not been widely studied, particularly in reference to its semen characteristics. The aim of the present study was to define the morphometry of puma sperm heads and classify their subpopulations by cluster analysis. Samples were recovered postmortem from two epididymides from one animal and prepared for morphological observation after staining with the Hemacolor kit. Morphometric data were obtained from 581 spermatozoa using a CASA-Morph system, rendering 13 morphometric parameters...
September 27, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Mariangela Palmieri, Palma Papale, Antonietta Della Ragione, Giuseppa Quaranta, Giovanni Russo, Sabatino Russo
Male infertility and the poor quality of sperm seem to be influenced by oxidative stress. In particular, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) mainly produced by morphologically altered spermatozoa affect sperm motility, morphology, and integrity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Myo-Inositol (Myo-Ins) on a number of parameters such as viscosity and total and progressive motility of spermatozoa, in order to better validate its possible practical application in vitro, in order to improve the capacitation protocols commonly used in Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Ziya Kalem, Müberra Namlı Kalem, Timur Gürgan
Frozen-thawed (FT) embryo transfer is a procedure used for the storage and transfer of excess embryos obtained during in vitro fertilization- intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles. In recent years, improvements in laboratory conditions and limitations on the number of embryos to be transferred have led to a progressive increase in FT embryo transfer cycles. However, the best solution for endometrial preparation in these cycles is still a matter of debate. In this study, we aimed to review the current methods of endometrial preparation in FT embryo transfer cycles...
2016: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Melahat Atasever, Müberra Namlı Kalem, Şafak Hatırnaz, Ebru Hatırnaz, Ziya Kalem, Zeynep Kalaylıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present retrospective study was to evaluate intrauterine insemination (IUI) clinical experiences and to define the variables for predicting success. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study was an observational trial performed in a private IVF center on subfertile couples who had applied for treatment between 2002 and 2012, in which the data of 503 IUI cases were retrospectively reviewed. Couples who had been diagnosed with unexplained and mild male subfertility were included...
2016: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Bart Leemans, Bart M Gadella, Tom Arjun Edgar Stout, Catharina De Schauwer, Hilde Maria Nelis, Maarten Hoogewijs, Ann Van Soom
In contrast to man and many other mammalian species, conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) with horse gametes is not reliably successful. The apparent inability of stallion spermatozoa to penetrate the zona pellucida in vitro is most likely due to incomplete activation of spermatozoa (capacitation) as a result of inadequate capacitating or fertilizing media. In vivo, the oviduct and its secretions provide a micro-environment that does reliably support and regulate interaction between the gametes. This review focuses on equine sperm-oviduct interaction...
September 20, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Mara Simopoulou, Laertis Gkoles, Panagiotis Bakas, Polina Giannelou, Theodoros Kalampokas, Konstantinos Pantos, Michael Koutsilieris
: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is the most frequently applied method for fertilization making the process of identifying the perfect spermatozoon fundamental. Herein we offer a critical and thorough presentation on the techniques reported regarding (i) handling and preparing semen samples, (ii) identifying and 'fishing' spermatozoa, and (iii) improving key factors, such as motility for a successful ICSI practice. These approaches are suggested to make the process easier and more effective especially in atypical and challenging circumstances...
September 20, 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
A J M Kouyoumdjian, R A Lazar, N K H Slater
In this study, the surface of a microporous walled micro-capillary film (MMCF) was modified into a weak anion exchanger by coupling cyanuric chloride and 2-diethylaminoethylamine (DEAE) to the ethylene-vinyl alcohol (EVOH) matrix. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) measurements of modified and unmodified MMCFs confirmed the addition of a triazine ring and DEAE onto the membrane. Binding of bovine serum albumin (BSA) at pH 7.2 was found to follow a Langmuir isotherm with a maximum equilibrium binding of 12...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Tânia R Dias, Marco G Alves, Luís Rato, Susana Casal, Branca M Silva, Pedro F Oliveira
Prediabetes has been associated with alterations in male reproductive tract, especially in testis and epididymis. Moreover, in vitro studies described a promising action of tea (Camellia sinensis L.) against metabolic dysfunctions. Herein, we hypothesized that white tea (WTEA) ingestion by prediabetic animals could ameliorate the metabolic alterations induced by the disease in testicular and epididymal tissues, preserving sperm quality. WTEA infusion was prepared and its phytochemical profile was evaluated by (1)H-NMR...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Tengfei Liu, Ping Yang, Hong Chen, Yufei Huang, Yi Liu, Yasir Waqas, Nisar Ahmed, Xiaoya Chu, Qiusheng Chen
Important evolutionary and ecological consequences arise from the ability of female turtles to store viable spermatozoa for an extended period. Although previous morphological studies have observed the localization of spermatozoa in Pelodiscus sinensis oviduct, no systematic study on the identification of genes that are involved in long-term sperm storage has been performed. In this study, the oviduct of P. sinensis at different phases (reproductive and hibernation seasons) was prepared for RNA-Seq and gene expression profiling...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jesús L Yániz, Sandra Vicente-Fiel, Carles Soler, Pilar Recreo, Teresa Carretero, Araceli Bono, José M Berné, Pilar Santolaria
This study was designed to characterize morphometric sperm subpopulations in normozoospermic men by using different statistical methods and examining their suitability to classify correctly different sperm nuclear morphologies present in human ejaculates. Ejaculates from 21 normozoospermic men were collected for the study. After semen collection and analysis, samples were prepared for morphometric determination. At least 200 spermatozoa per sample were assessed for sperm morphometry by computer-assisted sperm morphometry analysis (CASA-Morph) using fluorescence...
September 13, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Masaya Yamanaka, Kazuhisa Tomita, Shu Hashimoto, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Manabu Satoh, Hiromi Kato, Yoshihiko Hosoi, Masayasu Inoue, Yoshiharu Nakaoka, Yoshiharu Morimoto
Density gradient centrifugation (DGC) and swim-up techniques have been reported for semen preparation in assisted reproductive techniques in humans. We investigated whether semen preparation using a combination of DGC and swim-up techniques could effectively decrease morphologically abnormal human sperms at the ultrastructural level. Semen samples were obtained from 16 infertile males and fractionated by swim-up following DGC. Ultrastructural abnormalities of sperms obtained from original semen, lower layer of swim-up following DGC, and upper layer of swim-up following DGC were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy...
September 11, 2016: Journal of Reproduction and Development
Eva Tvrdá, Anton Kováčik, Eva Tušimová, Dušan Paál, Alica Mackovich, Jakhongir Alimov, Norbert Lukáč
BACKGROUND: Lycopene (LYC) is a natural carotenoid with powerful reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activities. The aim of this study was to investigate if lycopene has the ability to reverse ROS-mediated alterations to the motility, viability and intracellular antioxidant profile of bovine spermatozoa subjected to ferrous ascorbate (FeAA). Spermatozoa were washed out of fresh bovine semen, suspended in 2.9 % sodium citrate and subjected to LYC treatment (0.25, 0.5, 1 or 2 mmol/L) in the presence or absence of FeAA (150 μmol/L FeSO4 and 750 μmol/L ascorbic acid) during a 6 h in vitro culture...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
Ana T M Viveiros, Marcelo C Leal, Thales S França, Izabella L G Almeida, Ziara A Isaú
Osmolality and composition of the activating solution on motility of fresh and frozen Prochilodus lineatus sperm were evaluated. Sperm was triggered in 11 solutions prepared with reverse osmosis (RO) water (∼0mOsmkg(-1)), and glucose or NaCl adjusted to 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250mOsmkg(-1). Sperm motility rate and velocities (curvilinear=VCL, among others) were evaluated in fresh sperm at 10, 30 and 50s post-activation (spa), and in frozen sperm at 10 spa only. Sperm was frozen under a standardized methodology for this species...
October 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
Yu Li, Ping Pan, Ping Yuan, Qi Qiu, Dongzi Yang
BACKGROUND: Resistant ovary syndrome (ROS) is a rare endocrine disorder characterized with hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism. Infertility is a common complaint of woman presenting with ROS, and little progress has been made in term of reproduction with the patient's own gamete. So far only one case report of live birth has been reported after in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes in a patient suffering from ROS in 2013. CASE PRESENTATION: A secondary infertile woman of 33 years-old was manifested with oligomenorrhea and markedly increased gonadotropin levels around postmenopausal range, but had normal antral follicle count, normal serum inhibin B and anti-Müllerian hormone levels...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
S Aboulmaouahib, A Madkour, I Kaarouch, B Saadani, O Sefrioui, N Louanjli, H Copin, R Cadi, M Benkhalifa
In in vitro fertilisation (IVF), sperm preparation as critical part and influencing the sperm quality is especially dependent on the chosen technique itself and incubation parameters including temperature and CO2. In this study, we compared firstly density-gradient centrifugation technique (DGC) to the adapted DGC using the sperm pellet of 80% fraction (DGC/80P) in order to improve the sperm yield. Secondly, this study led to evaluate different sperm incubation conditions based on temperature effect (room temperature (RT = 23°C) versus 35°C) and in the other hand, with or without 5% CO2 during 24 hrs...
September 5, 2016: Andrologia
Simone Palini, Mariangela Primiterra, Silvia De Stefani, Maria Federica Pedna, Monica Sparacino, Patrizia Farabegoli, Serena Benedetti, Carlo Bulletti, Vittorio Sambri
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the levels of microbial contamination in semen samples before and after the micro swim-up (MSU) procedure in intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The new method is an upgrade to the classic wash swim-up procedure. METHODS: Semen analysis and microbiological tests were carried out before and after the MSU procedure. A total of twenty semen samples were analyzed. RESULTS: Pathogens were observed in semen samples only before MSU and never after ICSI...
2016: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
Meritxell Jodar, Ada Soler-Ventura, Rafael Oliva
: Semen is a complex body fluid containing an admixture of spermatozoa suspended in secretions from the testes and epididymis which are mixed at the time of ejaculation with secretions from other accessory sex glands such as the prostate and seminal vesicles. High-throughput technologies have revealed that, contrary to idea that sperm cells are simply a silent delivery vehicle of the male genome to the oocyte, the sperm cells in fact provide both a specific epigenetically marked DNA together with a complex population of proteins and RNAs crucial for embryogenesis...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
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