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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306342/nmr-based-plasma-metabolomic-discrimination-for-male-fertility-assessment-of-rats-treated-with-eurycoma-longifolia-extracts
#1
Forough Ebrahimi, Baharudin Ibrahim, Chin-Hoe Teh, Vikneswaran Murugaiyah, Kit-Lam Chan
Male infertility is one of the leading causes of infertility which affects many couples worldwide. Semen analysis is a routine examination of male fertility status which is usually performed on semen samples obtained through masturbation that may be inconvenient to patients. Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali, TA), native to Malaysia, has been traditionally used as a remedy to boost male fertility. In our recent studies in rats, upon the administration of high-quassinoid content extracts of TA including TA water (TAW), quassinoid-rich TA (TAQR) extracts, and a low-quassinoid content extract including quassinoid-poor TA (TAQP) extract, sperm count (SC) increased in TAW- and TAQR-treated rats when compared to the TAQP-treated and control groups...
March 17, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302936/cryotolerance-of-porcine-blastocysts-is-improved-by-treating-in-vitro-matured-oocytes-with-l-carnitine-prior-to-fertilization
#2
Jenna L Lowe, Louise K Bartolac, Roslyn Bathgate, Christopher G Grupen
Sufficient generation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by oocytes is critical for fertilization and embryo development. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of supplementing media with L-carnitine, a co-factor required for the metabolism of fatty acids, during the peri-fertilization period on embryo development and energy generation. Firstly, in vitro fertilization (IVM) porcine oocytes were co-incubated with sperm in IVF medium supplemented with 0‒24 mM L-carnitine. The blastocyst formation rate of the control group was greater than those of the L-carnitine groups (P < 0...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296340/lactadherin-is-a-candidate-oviduct-lewis-x-trisaccharide-receptor-on-porcine-spermatozoa
#3
E Silva, D Frost, L Li, N Bovin, D J Miller
A recent study has demonstrated that porcine spermatozoa recognize with high affinity carbohydrate structures containing Lewis X motifs. Sperm adhesion to Lewis X is proposed to mediate sperm binding to the oviduct epithelium to form a reservoir. The objective of this study was to identify Lewis X-binding proteins from porcine spermatozoa as candidate receptors for oviduct glycans. To identify low-abundance proteins typically masked by proteins originating from seminal fluid, Lewis X candidate receptors were enriched from cauda epididymal boar spermatozoa...
March 15, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295487/sperm-dna-fragmentation-as-a-result-of-ultra-endurance-exercise-training-in-male-athletes
#4
D Vaamonde, C Algar-Santacruz, A Abbasi, J M García-Manso
Intensive sports practice seems to exert negative effects on semen parameters; in order to assess these effects, the objective of this study was to assess semen, including DNA fragmentation, and hormone parameters in elite triathletes. Twelve high-level triathletes preparing for a National Triathlon Championship participated in the study. The qualitative sperm parameters analysed were volume, sperm count, motility, morphology and DNA fragmentation; when needed, additional testing was performed. Assessed hormones were testosterone (T), cortisol (C) and testosterone-cortisol ratio (T/C)...
March 15, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294638/potential-targetability-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-loaded-with-silver-nanoparticles-photosynthesized-from-ocimum-tenuiflorum-tulsi-extract-in-fertility-diagnosis
#5
Pradeep K Jha, Rakhi K Jha, Dilip Rout, Sathishkumar Gnanasekar, Suresh Vs Rana, Maidul Hossain
Nanocarrier mediated targeted delivery and biosensing in reproductive health care is a major exploratory domain. This work demonstrates the loading of silver nanoparticle (AgNP) inside the multiwalled Carbon nanotube(MWCNT) and their targetability to the intracellular part of the sperm cell for its further application in biosensing based infertility diagnosis. Ocimum tenuiflorum (tulsi extract) mediated photosynthesized AgNP exhibited spherical shape, 5-40nm size and surface plasmonic resonance at 430 nm...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294447/development-of-an-in-vitro-oviduct-epithelial-explants-model-for-studying-sperm-oviduct-binding-in-the-buffalo
#6
K K Saraf, A Kumaresan, S Nayak, S Chhillar, L Sreela, S Kumar, U K Tripathi, T K Datta, T K Mohanty
In this study, we developed an in vitro model for studying sperm-oviduct binding in the buffalo. Oviduct explants were prepared by overnight culture of epithelial cells in TCM-199 medium under 5% CO2 at 38.5 °C. Cryopreserved spermatozoa from buffalo bulls (n = 4) were incubated with the oviduct explants, and the sperm-oviduct explants complex was stained with JC-1. The effect of sperm concentration (2, 3 and 4 million), size of the oviduct explants (<0.2, 0.2-0.3, 0.3-0.4 and >0.4 mm(2) ) and time of incubation (1 hr and 4 hr) on binding index (BI-number of sperm bound to unit area of explants) was studied...
March 10, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290776/synthesis-characterization-and-cytotoxicity-studies-of-platinum-ii-complexes-with-reduced-amino-pyridine-schiff-base-and-its-derivatives-as-ligands
#7
Li-Jun Li, Qin-Qin Yan, Guo-Jun Liu, Zhen Yuan, Zhen-Hua Lv, Bin Fu, Yan-Jun Han, Jian-Long Du
A series of reduced amino pyridine Schiff base platinum(II) complexes were prepared as potential anticancer drugs, and characterized by NMR, IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and molar conductivity. UV and CD results showed the binding mode between these compounds and salmon sperm DNA may be intercalation. The cytotoxicity of these complexes was validated against A549, Hela, and MCF-7 cell lines by MTT assay. Some complexes exhibited better cytotoxic activity than cisplatin against Hela and MCF-7 cell lines...
March 14, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268040/long-term-liquid-storage-and-reproductive-evaluation-of-an-innovative-boar-semen-extender-formula12-%C3%A2-containing-a-non-reducing-disaccharide-and-an-enzymatic-agent
#8
Carla Bresciani, Annalisa Bianchera, Ruggero Bettini, Annamaria Buschini, Laura Marchi, Clotilde Silvia Cabassi, Alberto Sabbioni, Federico Righi, Claudio Mazzoni, Enrico Parmigiani
There are no reports of saccharolytic enzymes being used in the preparation of formulations for animal semen extenders. In the present study, the use of an innovative semen extender (Formula12(®)) in the long-term liquid storage of boar semen at 17°C was evaluated. The formulation included use of a disaccharide (sucrose) as the energy source precursor coupled to an enzymatic agent (invertase). The innovative extender was evaluated and compared in vitro to a commercial extender (Vitasem LD(®)) for the following variables: Total Motility (TM), Forward Progressive Motility (FPM), sperm morphology, membrane integrity, acrosome integrity, and chromatin instability...
February 24, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265333/fertility-preservation-options-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Rodrigo L P Romao, Armando J Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: Cancer in children and adolescents has seen a stark rise in survival rates in the last decades; overall survival in excess of 80% can be reasonably expected for many newly diagnosed patients with malignancies in this age group. Survivorship has unfolded several specific issues faced by these patients, including fertility concerns. Hence, fertility preservation efforts have been discussed and undertaken with increased frequency. METHODS: In this article, the authors provide a broad overview of the current recommendations surrounding fertility preservation in this patient population...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262463/spermatozoa-with-high-mitochondrial-membrane-potential-and-low-tyrosine-phosphorylation-preferentially-bind-to-oviduct-explants-in-the-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#10
Kaustubh Kishor Saraf, Arumugam Kumaresan, Shivani Chhillar, Samiksha Nayak, Sreela Lathika, Tirtha Kumar Datta, Subhash Chand Gahlot, Prabha Karan, Kiran Verma, Tushar Kumar Mohanty
Although it is understood that spermatozoa are subjected to selection processes to form a functional sperm reservoir in the oviduct, the mechanism remains obscure. With the aim to understand the sperm selection process in the oviduct, in the present in vitro study, we analyzed mitochondrial membrane potential and tyrosine phosphorylation status in oviduct-explants bound and unbound spermatozoa. Frozen semen from Murrah buffalo bulls (n=10) used under progeny testing programme were utilized for the study. Oviduct explants were prepared by overnight culture of epithelial cells in TCM- 199 and washed spermatozoa were added to the oviduct explants and incubated for 4h...
February 28, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261842/sperm-rna-preparation-for-transcriptomic-analysis-review-of-the-techniques-and-personal-experience
#11
S El Fekih, M-H Nguyen, A Perrin, D Beauvillard, F Morel, A Saad, H Ben Ali, M De Braekeleer
In the last 10 years, several approaches, including microarrays, have been applied to investigate sperm transcript levels. However, success using microarray profiling is highly dependent of the quality of the RNA obtained. Therefore, the development of methods that deliver highly purified and intact RNA is of utmost importance. The three steps used to achieve this goal, purification of spermatozoa, RNA extraction and evaluation of RNA quality, are reviewed. Following that review and preliminary experiments, we processed sperm samples from seven normozoospermic men with a combination of gradient centrifugation and somatic cell lysis...
March 6, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251671/ascorbic-acid-reduces-redox-potential-in-human-spermatozoa-subjected-to-heat-induced-oxidative-stress
#12
G Ahmad, A Agarwal, S C Esteves, R Sharma, M Almasry, A Al-Gonaim, G AlHayaza, N Singh, L Al Kattan, W M Sannaa, E Sabanegh
Oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) is a new measure of oxidative stress. It is a balance between the total available oxidants and reductants. This study measures the efficiency of ascorbic acid (AA) against oxidative stress induced by either heat alone or heat and hydrogen peroxide in sperm suspensions using the MiOXSYS System. Two concentrations of ascorbic acid (400 and 600 μmol/L) were tested against heat- and heat plus hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in sperm suspensions after 2 and 4 hr of incubation...
March 1, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216914/the-quality-of-sperm-preparation-medium-affects-the-motility-viability-and-dna-integrity-of-human-spermatozoa
#13
Fatemeh Anbari, Iman Halvaei, Ali Nabi, Shahin Ghazali, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Lars Johansson
AIM: The goal was to compare the effects of three different sperm preparation media on sperm motility, viability, and DNA integrity of semen samples from normozoospermic men. METHODS: A total of 15 normozoospermic males were included in the study. The semen analysis (SA) was performed in accordance with the WHO guidelines (2010). After SA, each sample was divided into three aliquots, and swim-up was performed with three different sperm preparation media (Sperm Preparation Media, Origio, Denmark; Ham's F10, Biochrome, Berlin, Germany; and VitaSperm™, Innovative Biotech, Iran)...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189123/impact-of-various-progestins-with-or-without-transdermal-testosterone-on-gonadotropin-levels-for-non-invasive-hormonal-male-contraception-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
M Zitzmann, J Rohayem, J Raidt, S Kliesch, N Kumar, R Sitruk-Ware, E Nieschlag
Although several progestins have been tested for hormonal male contraception, the effects of dosage and nature of various progestins on gonadotropin suppression combined with and without additional testosterone has not been performed in a comparative trial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differential impact of four oral or transdermal progestins on the suppression of gonadotropins in healthy men: oral: cyproterone acetate (CPA), levonorgestrel (LNG), norethisterone acetate (NETA), and transdermal: Nestorone(®) (NES), all in combination with transdermal testosterone (T)...
February 11, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151076/histological-study-on-the-effect-of-aroclor-1254-on-the-epididymis-of-adult-rats-and-the-role-of-l-name-administration
#15
Nehad F Mazen, Rania A Zidan
INTRODUCTION: Aroclor 1254, a commercial polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) mixture, was found to elicit various adverse effects on human health. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the structural alterations in the epididymis induced by aroclor 1254, and to assess the possible protective role of L-NAME (NG-Nitro-L arginine methyl ester). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five adult male albino rats were divided into three groups: control group (15 rats), equally subdivided into subgroup a; negative control group, subgroup b: received intraperitoneal corn oil (5 ml/kg/day), and subgroup c: received intraperitoneal L-NAME (10 mg/kg/day)...
February 2, 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138845/whole-genome-haplotyping-of-single-sperm-of-daphnia-pulex-crustacea-anomopoda
#16
Sen Xu, Kim Young
Sequencing the entire genome of single sperm cells can provide valuable information of the distribution of meiotic recombination events in eukaryotic genomes. Here, we provide a description of the experimental work flow for isolating single sperm cells from the microcrustacean Daphnia pulex using fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Moreover, we describe the application of a whole-genome amplification technique (i.e., Multiple Annealing and Looping Based Amplification Cycles method) to single sperm of Daphnia to generate enough DNA for library preparation of next-generation sequencing...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117911/sperm-dimorphism-in-the-triatoma-brasiliensis-species-complex-and-its-applications
#17
A F Baffa, D C P Camara, J R Santos-Mallet, E R Dasilva, J Costa, S P C Freitas
Morphological and structural features of the sperm of the Triatoma brasiliensis Neiva, 1911 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) species complex were examined in this first study investigating the sperm of Heteroptera and the genus Triatoma. Males were dissected and their seminal vesicles removed. For measurement, seminal vesicles were squashed on glass slides, spread, fixed and observed under a photomicroscope. The images were analysed and measures of sperm were made. Data were analysed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test to detect differentiation among taxa...
January 24, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110726/applying-data-mining-techniques-for-increasing-implantation-rate-by-selecting-best-sperms-for-intra-cytoplasmic-sperm-injection-treatment
#18
Seyed Abolghasem Mirroshandel, Fatemeh Ghasemian, Sara Monji-Azad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Aspiration of a good-quality sperm during intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is one of the main concerns. Understanding the influence of individual sperm morphology on fertilization, embryo quality, and pregnancy probability is one of the most important subjects in male factor infertility. Embryologists need to decide the best sperm for injection in real time during ICSI cycle. Our objective is to predict the quality of zygote, embryo, and implantation outcome before injection of each sperm in an ICSI cycle for male factor infertility with the aim of providing a decision support system on the sperm selection...
December 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063926/luteinizing-hormone-modulates-intracellular-calcium-protein-tyrosine-phosphorylation-and-motility-during-human-sperm-capacitation
#19
Aideé S López-Torres, María E González-González, Esperanza Mata-Martínez, Fernando Larrea, Claudia L Treviño, Mayel Chirinos
In order to fertilize, spermatozoa must undergo physiological and biochemical changes during their transit along the female reproductive tract before reaching and fusing with the oocyte, process known as capacitation. Sperm modifications associated with capacitation are modulated by their interaction with molecules present in the female reproductive tract. During the woman fertile window, some reproductive hormones reach their maximum concentrations in serum, such as the luteinizing hormone (LH). Since spermatozoa preparing to fertilize may be exposed to LH, the purpose of this work was to study the effects of this hormone on intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)]i), protein tyrosine phosphorylation, sperm motility and acrosome reaction under capacitating conditions...
January 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056797/comparative-proteomic-analysis-reveals-a-dynamic-pollen-plasma-membrane-protein-map-and-the-membrane-landscape-of-receptor-like-kinases-and-transporters-important-for-pollen-tube-growth-and-interaction-with-pistils-in-rice
#20
Ning Yang, Tai Wang
BACKGROUND: The coordination of pollen tube (PT) growth, guidance and timely growth arrest and rupture mediated by PT-pistil interaction is crucial for the PT to transport sperm cells into ovules for double fertilization. The plasma membrane (PM) represents an important interface for cell-cell interaction, and PM proteins of PTs are pioneers for mediating PT integrity and interaction with pistils. Thus, understanding the mechanisms underlying these events is important for proteomics. RESULTS: Using the efficient aqueous polymer two-phase system and alkali buffer treatment, we prepared high-purity PM from mature and germinated pollen of rice...
January 5, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
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