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bacterial pericarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443973/patient-with-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-and-suspected-right-upper-lobe-abscess-presenting-with-a-purulent-pericardial-effusion
#1
Khushboo Goel, Huthayfa Ateeli, Neil M Ampel, Dena L'heureux
BACKGROUND Cardiac tamponade caused by pericardial effusion has a high mortality rate; thus, it is important to diagnose and treat this condition immediately. Specifically, bacterial pericarditis, although now very rare, is often fatal because of its fulminant process. CASE REPORT We present a case of a 61-year-old man with metastatic small cell lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy who presented with fatigue, poor appetite, and altered mental status. He was found to have a large-volume pericardial effusion with tamponade physiology...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417195/diversity-of-escherichia-coli-strains-involved-in-vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-arthritis-in-broilers-in-brazil
#2
Juliana Fortes Vilarinho Braga, Nathalie Katy Chanteloup, Angélina Trotereau, Sylvie Baucheron, Rodrigo Guabiraba, Roselene Ecco, Catherine Schouler
BACKGROUND: Locomotor disorders and infections by Escherichia coli represent major concerns to the poultry industry worldwide. Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) is associated with extraintestinal infections leading to respiratory or systemic disease known as colibacillosis. The most common lesions seen in cases of colibacillosis are perihepatitis, airsacculitis, pericarditis, peritonitis/salpingitis and arthritis. These diseases are responsible for significant economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide...
July 14, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373315/riemerella-anatipestifer-infection-in-domestic-ducks-in-japan-2014
#3
Takumi Chikuba, Haru Uehara, Shintaro Fumikura, Ken Takahashi, Yoshihisa Suzuki, Kaori Hoshinoo, Yu Yamamoto
The outbreak of Riemerella anatipestifer (RA) infection has been confirmed in meat-type domestic ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) for the first time in 27 years in Japan. In January 2014, increased mortality in a 14- to 21-day-old duck flock was reported to veterinary officials by the owner. The affected ducks exhibited reduced movement, ataxia and dorsal recumbency with leg paddling. Pathological findings were typical for an RA infection. Fibrinous and heterophilic pericarditis, airsacculitis, perihepatitis, ventriculitis and meningitis were observed...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268924/cardiac-tamponade-unusual-clinical-manifestation-of-undiagnosed-malignant-neoplasm
#4
B Perek, I Tomaszewska, S Stefaniak, I Katynska, M Jemielity
Cardiac tamponade may be the first or predominant symptom of some pathologies but its etiology is not uncommonly unknown on admission to hospital. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predominant causes of cardiac tamponade in previously healthy patients treated emergently in a single cardiac surgical center. The study involved 81 patients with the mean age of 58.1±16.0 years who underwent emergent subxyphoid pericardiotomy due to cardiac tamponade. Pericardial effusion was analyzed macro- and microscopically...
2016: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159517/pathology-image-of-the-month-cough-and-shortness-of-breath-in-a-noncompliant-patient-with-hiv-aids
#5
Reggie Thomasson, Tracy Dewenter, Robin R McGoey
A 37- year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) was admitted to the intensive care unit following a four month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough, and flu-like symptoms. His HIV/AIDS was diagnosed at the age of 19 (CD4 count =15; viral load = 294,436 copies/ mL) and was complicated by hemodialysis-dependent, HIV-associated nephropathy, prior Pneumocystis pneumonia and known noncompliance with prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Chest film at admission was interpreted as diffuse bilateral interstitial and airspace opacities with a right sided layering density representative of laminar pleural effusion...
July 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141926/acute-effusive-pericarditis-due-to-horse-chestnut-consumption
#6
Efe Edem, Behlül Kahyaoğlu, Mehmet Akif Çakar
BACKGROUND: There are many well-known causes of pericardial effusion, such as cancer metastasis, bacterial or viral pericarditis, and uremic pericarditis; however, no reports exist in the literature demonstrating a pericardial effusion that led to cardiac tamponade following consumption of an herbal remedy. CASE REPORT: A 32-year-old male patient was referred to our cardiology outpatient clinic with a complaint of dyspnea. The patient's medical history was unremarkable; however, he had consumed 3 boxes of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L) paste over the previous 1...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138544/pathology-image-of-the-month-cough-and-shortness-of-breath-in-a-noncompliant-patient-with-hiv-aids
#7
Reggie Thomasson Md, Tracy Dewenter Md, Robin R McGoey Md
A 37- year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) was admitted to the intensive care unit following a four month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough, and flu-like symptoms. His HIV/AIDS was diagnosed at the age of 19 (CD4 count =15; viral load = 294,436 copies/ mL) and was complicated by hemodialysis-dependent, HIV-associated nephropathy, prior Pneumocystis pneumonia and known noncompliance with prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Chest film at admission was interpreted as diffuse bilateral interstitial and airspace opacities with a right sided layering density representative of laminar pleural effusion...
July 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058720/bacterial-pericarditis-accompanied-by-sudden-cardiac-tamponade-after-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-cytology
#8
Takeshi Matsumoto, Kojiro Otsuka, Yukihiro Imai, Keisuke Tomii
A 48-year-old man was referred for an abnormal shadow in his chest x-ray. Transbronchial needle aspiration cytology was performed at the mediastinal necrotic lymph node #7, and he was diagnosed as having small cell carcinoma. Fifteen days after bronchoscopy, sudden cardiac tamponade occurred and pericardial drainage suggested a diagnosis of bacterial pericarditis. He was successfully treated by drainage and administration of antibiotics. Complication of bacterial pericarditis associated with bronchoscopy is rare...
April 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26870789/tuberculous-pericarditis-is-multibacillary-and-bacterial-burden-drives-high-mortality
#9
Jotam G Pasipanodya, Mwenya Mubanga, Mpiko Ntsekhe, Shaheen Pandie, Beki T Magazi, Freedom Gumedze, Landon Myer, Tawanda Gumbo, Bongani M Mayosi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous pericarditis is considered to be a paucibacillary process; the large pericardial fluid accumulation is attributed to an inflammatory response to tuberculoproteins. Mortality rates are high. We investigated the role of clinical and microbial factors predictive of tuberculous pericarditis mortality using the artificial intelligence algorithm termed classification and regression tree (CART) analysis. METHODS: Patients were prospectively enrolled and followed in the Investigation of the Management of Pericarditis (IMPI) registry...
November 2015: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26842501/non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-purulent-pericarditis-in-a-child-with-cystic-fibrosis
#10
Kevin J Downes, Kamal Abulebda, Christopher Siracusa, Ryan Moore, Mary A Staat, Sue E Poynter
Early airway colonization and infection with Haemophilus influenzae in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) is common. Although the pathogenicity of non-typeable H. influenzae (NTHi) in patients with CF is controversial, this organism can cause both upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Extra-pulmonary disease, however, is rare. Purulent pericarditis is a suppurative complication of bacterial infection of the pericardial space that can arise as a result of direct extension from an adjacent infection. We describe a case of purulent pericarditis due to NTHi in a young child with CF that developed as a complication of inadequately treated bronchopneumonia...
July 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26696352/-deep-neck-infection-clinical-analyses-of-95-cases
#11
Zexing Cheng, Juebo Yu, Lu Xiao, Zhuang Lian, Yiling Wei, Junfeng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the recent diagnosis and treatment experience with deep neck infection and emphasize the importance of radiologic evaluation, microbiology and appropriate treatment selection in these patients. METHODS: A respective review was conducted in 95 cases who were diagnosed as having deep neck from Jan. 2006 to March 2015. RESULTS: The primary diseases in 95 patients with deep neck infection were acute tonsillitis or acute laryngitis (27 cases), infection of upper respiratory tract (23 cases), odontogenic infection or oral inflammation (16 cases), foreign bodies in esophagus (9 cases), acute cervical lymphadenitis (5 cases) and cause uncertain (15 cases)...
September 2015: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644393/-progress-or-regress-or-both-esc-guidelines-on-pericardial-diseases-2015
#12
B Maisch
Eleven years after the publication of the first guidelines worldwide on pericardial diseases by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), the international expert group of the ESC has updated the original document of 28 pages with 275 references. The final version of the new guidelines is more voluminous with 44 pages of recommendations but only 233 references. A continuing medical education (CME) certified update of the 2004 guidelines was published in the journal Herz volume 7/2014. In comparison to 2004 the 2015 guidelines have remained virtually unchanged in the sections detailing diagnostics, differential diagnosis, pathology and pathophysiology...
December 2015: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26613929/long-term-outcomes-of-pericardiectomy-for-constrictive-pericarditis
#13
Murat Biçer, Bülent Özdemir, İris Kan, Ahmet Yüksel, Mustafa Tok, Işık Şenkaya
BACKGROUND: Constrictive pericarditis is a rare and disabling disease that can result in chronic fibrous thickening of the pericardium. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes following treatment of constrictive pericarditis by pericardiectomy. METHODS: Between September 1992 and May 2014, 47 patients who underwent pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis were retrospectively examined. Demographic, pre-, intra- and postoperative data and long-term outcomes were analyzed...
2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26560807/in-vivo-activity-of-cefquinome-against-riemerella-anatipestifer-using-the-pericarditis-model-in-the-duck
#14
Z Qiu, C Cao, Y Qu, Y Lu, M Sun, Y Zhang, J Zhong, Z Zeng
Cefquinome is a fourth-generation cephalosporin with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, including activity against enteric gram-negative bacilli such as Riemerella anatipestifer. The pericarditis model was used to examine the pharmacodynamic characteristics of cefquinome against R. anatipestifer. Serum levels of cefquinome following the administration of different doses were determined by LC-MS/MS. Ducks with ca. 10(6) CFU/mL at the initiation of therapy were treated with cefquinome at doses that ranged from 0...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26469910/acute-primary-pneumococcal-purulent-pericarditis-with-cardiac-tamponade-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Hiren Patel, Charmi Patel, Mrugesh Soni, Amit Patel, Venkat Banda
Bacterial pericarditis is a rapidly progressive and highly fatal infection, and is often diagnosed postmortem in half of the cases. Even with drainage and antibiotics, the mortality rate is high. Gram-positive cocci, specifically Streptococcus penumoniae, have been the most common cause of bacterial pericarditis with a preceding primary site of infection. Following the introduction of antibiotics in the 1940s and more recently the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, the incidence has drastically decreased.We describe an extremely rare case of primary streptococcus pneumoniae purulent pericarditis that presented with cardiac tamponade...
October 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461998/evaluation-and-treatment-of-pericarditis-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Massimo Imazio, Fiorenzo Gaita, Martin LeWinter
IMPORTANCE: Pericarditis is the most common form of pericardial disease and a relatively common cause of chest pain. OBJECTIVE: To summarize published evidence on the causes, diagnosis, therapy, prevention, and prognosis of pericarditis. EVIDENCE REVIEW: A literature search of BioMedCentral, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was performed for human studies without language restriction from January 1, 1990, to August 31, 2015...
October 13, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26230130/bacterial-pericarditis-and-antimicrobial-resistance-at-the-tehran-heart-center-iran
#17
Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Rezvan Kianinejad, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Soraya Arzhan, Arash Jalali
INTRODUCTION: When bacterial pericarditis is suspected, urgent pericardial drainage combined with intravenous antibacterial therapy is mandatory to avert devastating, life-threatening complications. There have been scanty results on antimicrobial susceptibility of common causative microorganisms of bacterial pericarditis; most studies had small sample sizes and were performed decades ago. METHODOLOGY: This prospective study surveyed the causative bacteria in infectious pericardial effusions and their antimicrobial susceptibility among 320 consecutive cardiac patients who underwent pericardiocentesis at Tehran Heart Center between 2007 and 2012, using the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)'s criteria...
July 2015: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26201860/purulent-pericarditis-and-pericardiac-tamponade-in-a-pregnant-hemodialysis-patient-a-case-report
#18
Fatma Ulku Adam, Begum Avci, Mevlut Koc
Bacterial pericarditis is rare in chronic hemodialysis and has poor prognosis. In this case, we report a pregnant hemodialysis patient who developed purulent bacterial pericarditis and pericardiac tamponade in the 28th week of her pregnancy, and who had delivered a healthy living baby.
January 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26187541/the-challenge-of-diagnosing-and-treating-staphylococcus-aureus-invasive-infections-in-a-resource-limited-sub-saharan-africa-setting-a-case-report
#19
Gemma Rovira, Elisa F Cooke, Helio Mucavele, Antonio Sitoe, Lola Madrid, Tacilta Nhampossa, Marcelino Garrine, Sergio Massora, Anelsio Cossa, Inacio Mandomando, Quique Bassat
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA) is responsible for the majority of skin and soft-tissue infections. CA-MSSA can also cause life-threatening infections, possibly in relation to particular virulence factors, including Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL). METHODS: We describe a severe CA-MSSA necrotizing pneumonia complicated with multifocal osteomyelitis, pericardial effusion and endocarditis in a 6-year-old boy admitted to a Mozambican hospital...
October 2015: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25943130/pneumonia-and-bacteremia-in-a-golden-headed-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-caused-by-klebsiella-pneumoniae-subsp-pneumoniae-during-a-translocation-program-of-free-ranging-animals-in-brazil
#20
Marina G Bueno, Renata O Iovine, Luciana N Torres, José L Catão-Dias, Alcides Pissinatti, Maria C M Kierulff, Vania M Carvalho
Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important emerging pathogen in humans, particularly the invasive hypermucoviscosity (HMV) phenotype. In addition, the organism is an important public health concern because of nosocomial infections and antimicrobial resistance. Nonhuman primates in captivity are susceptible to Klebsiella, particularly when a stress factor is involved. Infections vary depending on the species but can cause significant morbidity and mortality in these animals. The objective of this study was to describe a case of bronchopneumonia and bacteremia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae in a free-ranging golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) caught and maintained in quarantine during a translocation program for conservation purposes...
May 2015: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
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