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bacterial pericarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634555/a-rare-case-of-pneumopericardium-in-the-setting-of-tuberculous-constrictive-pericarditis
#1
Lauro L Abrahan Iv, Stephanie Martha O Obillos, Jaime Alfonso M Aherrera, Jose Donato A Magno, Celia Catherine C Uy-Agbayani, Ulysses King G Gopez, Jobelle Joyce Anne R Baldonado
A 28-year-old Filipino male was admitted due to high-grade fevers and dyspnea on a background of chronic cough and weight loss. Due to clinical and echocardiographic signs of cardiac tamponade, emergency pericardiocentesis was performed on his first hospital day. Five days after, chest radiographs showed new pockets of radiolucency within the cardiac shadow, indicative of pneumopericardium. On repeat echo, air microbubbles admixed with loculated effusion were visualized in the anterior pericardial space. Constrictive physiology was also supported by a thickened pericardium, septal bounce, exaggerated respiratory variation in AV valve inflow, and IVC plethora...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631657/citrobacter-freundii-as-a-cause-of-acute-suppurative-thyroiditis-in-an-immunocompetent-adult-female
#2
Gursimran Kaur Mohi, Priya Datta, Jagdish Chander, Arjun Das
Acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) is an uncommon condition, in the patients with preexisting thyroid disease or immunosuppression. The most common cause of AST is bacterial, and the most common bacteria are Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella species. Due to various complications such as septicemia, septic thrombophlebitis, necrotizing mediastinitis, or pericarditis, prompt diagnosis and treatment are the keys to reduce mortality and morbidity. Here, we describe a case of a 40-year-old female with AST caused by Citrobacter freundii...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484098/fibrinous-pericarditis-secondary-to-bacterial-infection-in-a-cat
#3
Michihito Tagawa, Chihiro Kurashima, Genya Shimbo, Hiroshi Omura, Kenji Koyama, Noriyuki Horiuchi, Yoshiyasu Kobayashi, Keiko Kawamoto, Kazuro Miyahara
A three-year-old spayed domestic short-haired cat presented for evaluation of weight loss, cardiomegaly and pleural effusion. Echocardiographic examination demonstrated a thickened pericardium with mild pericardial effusion and a large volume of pleural effusion characterized by exudate. Although the cat was treated with antibiotics, the clinical symptoms did not improve. The cat developed dyspnea and died on day 7. Necropsy revealed a large amount of modified transudates ascites, pleural effusion and markedly dilated pericardium...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414673/purulent-pericarditis-due-to-an-infected-pacemaker-lead
#4
Teresa Backes
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous drug users have a substantially increased risk of infective endocarditis, especially in the setting of implanted cardiac devices. Purulent pericarditis is a rare occurrence that can occur iatrogenically or through direct or hematogenous spread. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 75 year old man with a past medical history significant for hepatitis C, IV drug abuse, and sick sinus syndrome status post pacemaker was brought in by EMS with a chief complaint of diaphoresis and chest pain...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301230/three-cases-of-escherichia-coli-meningitis-in-chicks-imported-to-japan
#5
Kazufumi Kasuya, Natsumi Shimokubo, Chieko Kosuge, Kou Takayama, Eiji Yoshida, Hiroyuki Osaka
Three outbreaks of colibacillosis have occurred in chicks during the quarantine period after importation to Japan. All three were derived from three different countries without epidemiologic relevance. Some birds from each infected flock were examined pathologically and bacteriologically. The characteristic histologic finding common to all three cases was severe bacterial meningitis in the central nervous system. Pericarditis, perihepatitis, and omphalitis with bacterial colonies were also observed. The bacterial colonies observed histologically were immunohistochemically positive for Escherichia coli antigens...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237970/clinical-predictors-of-length-of-stay-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#6
Ari Cedars, Lawrence Benjamin, Sara V Burns, Eric Novak, Amit Amin
OBJECTIVE: Length of stay (LOS) is a major driver of inpatient care costs. To date, few studies have investigated risk factors associated with increased LOS in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). In the present work, we sought to address this knowledge gap. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of the State Inpatient Databases from Arkansas, California, Florida, Hawaii, Nebraska and New York. We analysed data on admissions in patients with ACHD and constructed a series of hierarchical regression models to identify the clinical factors having the greatest effects on LOS...
February 25, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146196/-cardiobacterium-hominis-pericarditis-an-unusual-case
#7
José Salinas, Ailyn Irígoin, Mario Calvo, Carla Concha, Leopoldo Ardiles
The case of a male patient under hemodialytic therapy, who developed right heart failure is presented. Echocardiography revealed pericardial effusion, constrictive pattem in the right cavities, septation, without valvular damage and preserved systolic and diastolic function. Pericardial drainage and extensive pericardiectomy was performed obtaining cultures of pericardial tissue positive for an HACEK group organism, Cardiobacterium hominis, with repeatedly negative blood cultures. This is a rare clinical presentation of isolated bacterial pericarditis by an atypical microorganism, without associated endocarditis...
December 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040771/transplantation-in-a-patient-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-with-infective-endocarditis-pericarditis-and-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia
#8
Eunise Chen, Nicholas Clarke, Lynn Huffman, Matthias Peltz
Heart failure patients with pacemaker or defibrillator-associated endocarditis in cardiogenic shock have few treatment options. We present a case of an INTERMACS I patient who developed device infection, sepsis, bacterial pericarditis and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. The patient was stabilized with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and successfully transplanted.
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443973/patient-with-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-and-suspected-right-upper-lobe-abscess-presenting-with-a-purulent-pericardial-effusion
#9
Khushboo Goel, Huthayfa Ateeli, Neil M Ampel, Dena L'heureux
BACKGROUND Cardiac tamponade caused by pericardial effusion has a high mortality rate; thus, it is important to diagnose and treat this condition immediately. Specifically, bacterial pericarditis, although now very rare, is often fatal because of its fulminant process. CASE REPORT We present a case of a 61-year-old man with metastatic small cell lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy who presented with fatigue, poor appetite, and altered mental status. He was found to have a large-volume pericardial effusion with tamponade physiology...
July 22, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417195/diversity-of-escherichia-coli-strains-involved-in-vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-arthritis-in-broilers-in-brazil
#10
Juliana Fortes Vilarinho Braga, Nathalie Katy Chanteloup, Angélina Trotereau, Sylvie Baucheron, Rodrigo Guabiraba, Roselene Ecco, Catherine Schouler
BACKGROUND: Locomotor disorders and infections by Escherichia coli represent major concerns to the poultry industry worldwide. Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) is associated with extraintestinal infections leading to respiratory or systemic disease known as colibacillosis. The most common lesions seen in cases of colibacillosis are perihepatitis, airsacculitis, pericarditis, peritonitis/salpingitis and arthritis. These diseases are responsible for significant economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide...
July 14, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373315/riemerella-anatipestifer-infection-in-domestic-ducks-in-japan-2014
#11
Takumi Chikuba, Haru Uehara, Shintaro Fumikura, Ken Takahashi, Yoshihisa Suzuki, Kaori Hoshinoo, Yu Yamamoto
The outbreak of Riemerella anatipestifer (RA) infection has been confirmed in meat-type domestic ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) for the first time in 27 years in Japan. In January 2014, increased mortality in a 14- to 21-day-old duck flock was reported to veterinary officials by the owner. The affected ducks exhibited reduced movement, ataxia and dorsal recumbency with leg paddling. Pathological findings were typical for an RA infection. Fibrinous and heterophilic pericarditis, airsacculitis, perihepatitis, ventriculitis and meningitis were observed...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268924/cardiac-tamponade-unusual-clinical-manifestation-of-undiagnosed-malignant-neoplasm
#12
B Perek, I Tomaszewska, S Stefaniak, I Katynska, M Jemielity
Cardiac tamponade may be the first or predominant symptom of some pathologies but its etiology is not uncommonly unknown on admission to hospital. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predominant causes of cardiac tamponade in previously healthy patients treated emergently in a single cardiac surgical center. The study involved 81 patients with the mean age of 58.1±16.0 years who underwent emergent subxyphoid pericardiotomy due to cardiac tamponade. Pericardial effusion was analyzed macro- and microscopically...
2016: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159517/pathology-image-of-the-month-cough-and-shortness-of-breath-in-a-noncompliant-patient-with-hiv-aids
#13
Reggie Thomasson, Tracy Dewenter, Robin R McGoey
A 37- year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) was admitted to the intensive care unit following a four month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough, and flu-like symptoms. His HIV/AIDS was diagnosed at the age of 19 (CD4 count =15; viral load = 294,436 copies/ mL) and was complicated by hemodialysis-dependent, HIV-associated nephropathy, prior Pneumocystis pneumonia and known noncompliance with prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Chest film at admission was interpreted as diffuse bilateral interstitial and airspace opacities with a right sided layering density representative of laminar pleural effusion...
July 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141926/acute-effusive-pericarditis-due-to-horse-chestnut-consumption
#14
Efe Edem, Behlül Kahyaoğlu, Mehmet Akif Çakar
BACKGROUND: There are many well-known causes of pericardial effusion, such as cancer metastasis, bacterial or viral pericarditis, and uremic pericarditis; however, no reports exist in the literature demonstrating a pericardial effusion that led to cardiac tamponade following consumption of an herbal remedy. CASE REPORT: A 32-year-old male patient was referred to our cardiology outpatient clinic with a complaint of dyspnea. The patient's medical history was unremarkable; however, he had consumed 3 boxes of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L) paste over the previous 1...
May 4, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138544/pathology-image-of-the-month-cough-and-shortness-of-breath-in-a-noncompliant-patient-with-hiv-aids
#15
Reggie Thomasson Md, Tracy Dewenter Md, Robin R McGoey Md
A 37- year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) was admitted to the intensive care unit following a four month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough, and flu-like symptoms. His HIV/AIDS was diagnosed at the age of 19 (CD4 count =15; viral load = 294,436 copies/ mL) and was complicated by hemodialysis-dependent, HIV-associated nephropathy, prior Pneumocystis pneumonia and known noncompliance with prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Chest film at admission was interpreted as diffuse bilateral interstitial and airspace opacities with a right sided layering density representative of laminar pleural effusion...
July 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058720/bacterial-pericarditis-accompanied-by-sudden-cardiac-tamponade-after-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-cytology
#16
Takeshi Matsumoto, Kojiro Otsuka, Yukihiro Imai, Keisuke Tomii
A 48-year-old man was referred for an abnormal shadow in his chest x-ray. Transbronchial needle aspiration cytology was performed at the mediastinal necrotic lymph node #7, and he was diagnosed as having small cell carcinoma. Fifteen days after bronchoscopy, sudden cardiac tamponade occurred and pericardial drainage suggested a diagnosis of bacterial pericarditis. He was successfully treated by drainage and administration of antibiotics. Complication of bacterial pericarditis associated with bronchoscopy is rare...
April 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26870789/tuberculous-pericarditis-is-multibacillary-and-bacterial-burden-drives-high-mortality
#17
Jotam G Pasipanodya, Mwenya Mubanga, Mpiko Ntsekhe, Shaheen Pandie, Beki T Magazi, Freedom Gumedze, Landon Myer, Tawanda Gumbo, Bongani M Mayosi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous pericarditis is considered to be a paucibacillary process; the large pericardial fluid accumulation is attributed to an inflammatory response to tuberculoproteins. Mortality rates are high. We investigated the role of clinical and microbial factors predictive of tuberculous pericarditis mortality using the artificial intelligence algorithm termed classification and regression tree (CART) analysis. METHODS: Patients were prospectively enrolled and followed in the Investigation of the Management of Pericarditis (IMPI) registry...
November 2015: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26842501/non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-purulent-pericarditis-in-a-child-with-cystic-fibrosis
#18
Kevin J Downes, Kamal Abulebda, Christopher Siracusa, Ryan Moore, Mary A Staat, Sue E Poynter
Early airway colonization and infection with Haemophilus influenzae in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) is common. Although the pathogenicity of non-typeable H. influenzae (NTHi) in patients with CF is controversial, this organism can cause both upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Extra-pulmonary disease, however, is rare. Purulent pericarditis is a suppurative complication of bacterial infection of the pericardial space that can arise as a result of direct extension from an adjacent infection. We describe a case of purulent pericarditis due to NTHi in a young child with CF that developed as a complication of inadequately treated bronchopneumonia...
July 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26696352/-deep-neck-infection-clinical-analyses-of-95-cases
#19
Zexing Cheng, Juebo Yu, Lu Xiao, Zhuang Lian, Yiling Wei, Junfeng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the recent diagnosis and treatment experience with deep neck infection and emphasize the importance of radiologic evaluation, microbiology and appropriate treatment selection in these patients. METHODS: A respective review was conducted in 95 cases who were diagnosed as having deep neck from Jan. 2006 to March 2015. RESULTS: The primary diseases in 95 patients with deep neck infection were acute tonsillitis or acute laryngitis (27 cases), infection of upper respiratory tract (23 cases), odontogenic infection or oral inflammation (16 cases), foreign bodies in esophagus (9 cases), acute cervical lymphadenitis (5 cases) and cause uncertain (15 cases)...
September 2015: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644393/-progress-or-regress-or-both-esc-guidelines-on-pericardial-diseases-2015
#20
B Maisch
Eleven years after the publication of the first guidelines worldwide on pericardial diseases by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), the international expert group of the ESC has updated the original document of 28 pages with 275 references. The final version of the new guidelines is more voluminous with 44 pages of recommendations but only 233 references. A continuing medical education (CME) certified update of the 2004 guidelines was published in the journal Herz volume 7/2014. In comparison to 2004 the 2015 guidelines have remained virtually unchanged in the sections detailing diagnostics, differential diagnosis, pathology and pathophysiology...
December 2015: Herz
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