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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541240/homosexuality-according-to-ancient-greek-physicians
#1
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Homosexuality and pedophilia in ancient Greece greatly concerned many researchers who were mainly interested in highlighting the social aspect of this phenomenon in ancient Greek society. An important source on the subject was the paintings of a man and his lover in attic black and red figured pottery, up to the end of the 5th century BC. Another main source was the information that derived from the texts of ancient Greek literature, especially poetry. Homosexuality was not only referring to relationships between males, but it was also manifested in lesbian love...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515982/current-concepts-on-the-genetic-factors-in-rotator-cuff-pathology-and-future-implications-for-sports-physical-therapists
#2
Travis Orth, Jessica Paré, John E Froehlich
CONTEXT: Recent advances within the field of genetics are currently changing many of the methodologies in which medicine is practiced. These advances are also beginning to influence the manner in which physical therapy services are rendered. Rotator cuff pathology is one of the most common diagnoses treated by the sports physical therapist. The purpose of this commentary is to educate sports physical therapists on the recent advances regarding how genetics influences rotator cuff pathology, including rotator cuff tears, and provide a perspective on how this information will likely influence post-operative shoulder rehabilitation in the near future...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493245/-the-prognostic-significance-of-icf-data-with-regard-to-realization-of-recommendations-given-in-the-medical-discharge-report-after-in-patient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#3
Jörg Oster, Jörn von Wietersheim, Gottfried Müller, Carina Braunger
Target In this trial, the prognostic significance of ICF-related diagnostics compared to social and medical, disease-related and personal factors with regard to realization of recommendations given in the medical discharge report after the in-patient psychosomatic rehabilitation should be examined. Methodology ICF-related, social and medical, disease-related and personal prognostic factors were surveyed by questionnaires and interviews, on admission, discharge and 6 months after discharge from rehabilitation (time of catamnesis)...
May 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489656/consequences-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-professional-american-football-players-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Bodil C Vos, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Judith K Sluiter
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for the consequences Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has on cognitive, psychological, physical, and sports-related functioning in professional American Football players. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic search in 2 databases, PubMed and SPORTDiscus, to obtain literature from January 1990 to January 2015. To be eligible for inclusion, a study had to examine the relationship between TBI and the consequences for several aspects of functioning in professional American football players older than 18 years...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486363/effects-of-exercise-on-mild-to-moderate-depressive-symptoms-in-the-postpartum-period-a-meta-analysis
#5
Ashley P McCurdy, Normand G Boulé, Allison Sivak, Margie H Davenport
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of exercise on depressive symptoms and the prevalence of depression in the postpartum period. DATA SOURCES: A structured search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Sport Discus, Ovid's All EBM Reviews, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases was performed with dates from the beginning of the databases until June 16, 2016. The search combined keywords and MeSH-like terms including, but not limited to, "exercise," "postpartum," "depression," and "randomized controlled trial...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481725/intra-rater-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-standardized-ultrasound-protocol-for-assessing-subacromial-structures
#6
Birgitte Hougs Kjær, Karen Ellegaard, Ina Wieland, Susan Warming, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: US-examinations related to shoulder impingement (SI) often vary due to methodological differences, examiner positions, transducers, and recording parameters. Reliable US protocols for examination of different structures related to shoulder impingement are therefore needed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the existing ultrasound (US) examinations of the subacromial space, the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, and the supraspinatus tendon...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479406/from-cookies-to-carrots-the-effect-of-inhibitory-control-training-on-children-s-snack-selections
#7
L Porter, C Bailey-Jones, G Priudokaite, S Allen, K Wood, K Stiles, O Parvin, M Javaid, F Verbruggen, N S Lawrence
Children consume too much sugar and not enough fruit and vegetables, increasing their risk of adverse health outcomes. Inhibitory control training (ICT) reduces children's and adults' intake of energy-dense foods in both laboratory and real-life settings. However, no studies have yet examined whether ICT can increase healthy food choice when energy-dense options are also available. We investigated whether a food-specific Go/No-Go task could influence the food choices of children aged 4-11, as measured by a hypothetical food choice task using healthy and unhealthy food images printed on cards...
May 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463642/monitoring-athlete-training-loads-consensus-statement
#8
Pitre C Bourdon, Marco Cardinale, Andrew Murray, Paul Gastin, Michael Kellmann, Matthew C Varley, Tim J Gabbett, Aaron J Coutts, Darren J Burgess, Warren Gregson, N Timothy Cable
Monitoring the load placed on athletes in both training and competition has become a very hot topic in sport science. Both scientists and coaches routinely monitor training loads using multidisciplinary approaches, and the pursuit of the best methodologies to capture and interpret data has produced an exponential increase in empirical and applied research. Indeed, the field has developed with such speed in recent years that it has given rise to industries aimed at developing new and novel paradigms to allow us to precisely quantify the internal and external loads placed on athletes and to help protect them from injury and ill health...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446456/injuries-impair-the-chance-of-successful-performance-by-sportspeople-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Michael K Drew, Ben P Raysmith, Paula C Charlton
BACKGROUND: Cost-benefit analyses have been proposed for determining acceptable risk of injury regarding training and competition participation. Currently, there is no best evidence synthesis of the literature evaluating the relationship between injury/illness and chance of success or failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between injury and/or illness and success and/or failure in athletic populations (individual and team sports). METHODS: This review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42016036729) and a systematic electronic search was conducted in May 2016...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446449/the-berlin-2016-process-a-summary-of-methodology-for-the-5th-international-consensus-conference-on-concussion-in-sport
#10
REVIEW
Willem H Meeuwisse, Kathryn J Schneider, Jiri Dvorak, Onutobor Tobi Omu, Caroline F Finch, K Alix Hayden, Paul McCrory
The purpose of this paper is to summarise the methodology for the 5th International Consensus Conference on Concussion in Sport. The 18 months of preparation included engagement of a scientific committee, an expert panel of 33 individuals in the field of concussion and a modified Delphi technique to determine the primary questions to be answered. The methodology also involved the writing of 12 systematic reviews to inform the consensus conference and submission and review of scientific abstracts. The meeting itself followed a 2-day open format, a 1-day closed expert panel meeting and two additional half day meetings to develop the Concussion Recognition Tool 5 (Pocket CRT5), Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5 (SCAT5) and Child SCAT5...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420360/operative-versus-conservative-treatment-of-apophyseal-avulsion-fractures-of-the-pelvis-in-the-adolescents-a-systematical-review-with-meta-analysis-of-clinical-outcome-and-return-to-sports
#11
H Eberbach, L Hohloch, M J Feucht, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, J Zwingmann
BACKGROUND: Avulsion fractures of the pelvic apophyses typically occur in adolescent athletes due to a sudden strong muscle contraction while growth plates are still open. The main goals of this systematic review with meta-analysis were to summarize the evidence on clinical outcome and determine the rate of return to sports after conservative versus operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis. METHODS: A systematic search of the Ovid database was performed in December 2016 to identify all published articles reporting outcome and return to preinjury sport-level after conservative or operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis in adolescent patients...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413129/return-to-play-after-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-of-the-capitellum-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jacob M Kirsch, Jared R Thomas, Moin Khan, Whitney A Townsend, Jeffrey N Lawton, Asheesh Bedi
PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to play and to identify lesion or osteochondral graft characteristics that may influence the return to competitive athletics after osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) for symptomatic osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A duplicate search of PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and CENTRAL databases was performed, beginning from the database inception dates through July 2016, for all articles evaluating the return to play after OAT for OCD lesions of the capitellum...
April 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409200/return-to-sport-after-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Joseph N Liu, Michael E Steinhaus, Grant H Garcia, Brenda Chang, Kara Fields, David M Dines, Russell F Warren, Lawrence V Gulotta
PURPOSE: With increasing incidence and indications for shoulder arthroplasty, there is an increasing emphasis on the ability to return to sports. The main goal of this study was to determine the rate of return to sport after shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed to perform this systematic review and meta-analysis. A search was performed on MEDLINE, Scopus, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library...
April 13, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401426/high-rates-of-return-to-sports-activities-and-work-after-osteotomies-around-the-knee-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Alexander Hoorntje, Suzanne Witjes, P Paul F M Kuijer, Koen L M Koenraadt, Rutger C I van Geenen, Joost G Daams, Alan Getgood, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
BACKGROUND: Knee osteotomies are proven treatment options, especially in younger patients with unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis, for certain cases of chronic knee instability, or as concomitant treatment for meniscal repair or transplantation surgery. Presumably, these patients wish to stay active. Data on whether these patients return to sport (RTS) activities and return to work (RTW) are scarce. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to systematically review (1) the extent to which patients can RTS and RTW after knee osteotomy and (2) the time to RTS and RTW...
April 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399586/-a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-interventions-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-methodology-and-first-results
#15
Karim Abu-Omar, Alfred Rütten, Ionut Burlacu, Sven Messing, Klaus Pfeifer, Ulrike Ungerer-Röhrich
As part of the development of recommendations for physical activity promotion, a review of reviews was performed. This article presents both the utilised methodology and first results.A systematic review of reviews was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Sport Discus, PsycInfo and other electronic databases. Reviews in English and German were included.213 reviews were identified for further analysis. A large number of reviews were identified for physical activity promotion among children and adolescents (74) and adults (66)...
March 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393540/microfracture-state-of-the-art-in-cartilage-surgery
#16
Florian Frehner, Jan P Benthien
Objective This study is a literature review from 2010 to 2014 concerning the quality of evidence in clinical trials about microfracture in attempt to repair articular cartilage. We have decided to focus on microfracturing, since this seems to be the best documented technique. Interest in evaluation of publication quality has risen in orthopaedic sports medicine recently. Therefore, we think it is necessary to evaluate recent clinical trials being rated for their evidence-based medicine (EBM) quality. We also compared the mean impact factor of the journals publishing the different studies as an indicator of the study's citation and evaluated for a change over the studied time frame...
April 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386782/a-comparative-study-of-intermaxillary-fixation-screws-and-noncompression-miniplates-in-the-treatment-of-mandibular-fractures-a-prospective-clinical-study
#17
Osasuyi Anslem, Okoturo Eyituoyo, Ogunbanjo V Olabode, Olaitan A Ademola, Ayodele O Adesina
BACKGROUND: The main goal of treatment of mandibular fractures is to restore normal dental occlusion and promote appropriate bone healing and a normal mouth opening. Recently, there has been a resurgent interest in the use of screws for intermaxillary fixation of mandibular fractures. This study was therefore designed to determine how the clinical outcomes of the use of screws for intermaxillary fixation compare with the use of miniplates in the treatment of mandibular fractures in Nigeria...
June 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375177/how-to-tackle-key-challenges-in-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-among-older-adults-65-the-aequipa-network-approach
#18
Sarah Forberger, Karin Bammann, Jürgen Bauer, Susanne Boll, Gabriele Bolte, Tilman Brand, Andreas Hein, Frauke Koppelin, Sonia Lippke, Jochen Meyer, Claudia R Pischke, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Hajo Zeeb
The paper introduces the theoretical framework and methods/instruments used by the Physical Activity and Health Equity: Primary Prevention for Healthy Ageing (AEQUIPA) prevention research network as an interdisciplinary approach to tackle key challenges in the promotion of physical activity among older people (65+). Drawing on the social-ecological model, the AEQUIPA network developed an interdisciplinary methodological design including quantitative/qualitative studies and systematic reviews, while combining expertise from diverse fields: public health, psychology, urban planning, sports sciences, health technology and geriatrics...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363421/the-effect-of-femoral-nerve-block-on-quadriceps-strength-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Katherine R Swank, Alex C DiBartola, Joshua S Everhart, Christopher C Kaeding, Robert A Magnussen, David C Flanigan
PURPOSE: To assess the isokinetic, functional, and patient-reported outcomes of femoral nerve block (FNB) compared with traditional multimodal anesthesia for FNB in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Reviews, and Google Scholar was conducted according to the 2009 Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
May 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351366/the-translation-of-sports-injury-prevention-and-safety-promotion-knowledge-insights-from-key-intermediary-organisations
#20
Sheree Bekker, Penny Paliadelis, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: A recognised research-to-practice gap exists in the health research field of sports injury prevention and safety promotion. There is a need for improved insight into increasing the relevancy, accessibility and legitimacy of injury prevention and safety promotion research knowledge for sport settings. The role of key organisations as intermediaries in the process of health knowledge translation for sports settings remains under-explored, and this paper aims to determine, and describe, the processes of knowledge translation undertaken by a set of key organisations in developing and distributing injury prevention and safety promotion resources...
March 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
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