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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900317/does-early-career-achievement-lead-to-earlier-death-assessment-of-the-precocity-longevity-effect-in-professional-basketball-players
#1
Nick Wattie, Srdjan Lemez, Chris I Ardern, Michael Rotondi, Joseph Baker
OBJECTIVES: To examine the precocity-longevity (P-L) effect in North American professional basketball players who debuted between 1946 and 1979, and to determine whether playing position and decade of play influenced the relationship between age of career achievements and life span. METHODS: A total of 1852 players were evaluated from a recognized sports archive (i.e., http://sports-reference.com), which provided information on date of birth, death, and career debut, playing position, and indicators of achievement (i...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900162/first-overview-on-chronic-injuries-in-sport-climbing-proposal-for-a-change-in-reporting-of-injuries-in-climbing
#2
Gudmund Grønhaug, Marius Norberg
BACKGROUND: Climbing as a youth sport is growing fast. This is mostly due to indoor walls for training attracting youngsters. With hard training from young ages it is vital to be able to pinpoint training regimes to avoid injuries in athletes. Furthermore, it is vital to know what injuries are most common in the sport to be able to prevent them. Such an overview on injuries does not exist to date. The aim of this overview is to summon the injuries described in published research and to extract the most common...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896682/methods-of-power-force-velocity-profiling-during-sprint-running-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Matt R Cross, Matt Brughelli, Pierre Samozino, Jean-Benoit Morin
The ability of the human body to generate maximal power is linked to a host of performance outcomes and sporting success. Power-force-velocity relationships characterize limits of the neuromuscular system to produce power, and their measurement has been a common topic in research for the past century. Unfortunately, the narrative of the available literature is complex, with development occurring across a variety of methods and technology. This review focuses on the different equipment and methods used to determine mechanical characteristics of maximal exertion human sprinting...
November 28, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865877/cough-in-the-athlete-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#4
Louis-Philippe Boulet, Julie Turmel, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom experienced by athletes, particularly after exercise. We performed a systematic review to assess in this population: 1) the main etiologies of acute and recurrent cough, either exercise-induced or not; 2) how it is assessed; and 3) how cough is treated in this population. From the systematic review, suggestions for management were developed. METHOD: ology: This review was done according to the CHEST methodological guidelines and GRADE framework up to April 2015...
November 16, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848754/results-from-portugal-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#5
Jorge Mota, Manuel Joâo Coelho E Silva, Armando M Raimundo, Luís B Sardinha
BACKGROUND: This article describes the procedures and development of the first Portuguese Report Card on Physical Activity in Children and Adolescents. METHODS: Comprehensive searches for data related to indicators of physical activity (PA) were completed by a committee of physical activity and sports specialists. Grades were assigned to each indicator consistent with the process and methodology outlined by the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card model. RESULTS: Nine indicators of PA were graded...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848753/results-from-japan-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#6
Chiaki Tanaka, Shigeho Tanaka, Shigeru Inoue, Motohiko Miyachi, Koya Suzuki, John J Reilly
BACKGROUND: The Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth aims to consolidate existing evidence, encourage greater evidence-informed physical activity, and improve surveillance of physical activity. METHODS: The Japan report card followed the methodology of the Canadian and Scottish report cards, but was adapted to reflect the Japanese context. Nationally representative data were used to score each of the respective indicators. RESULTS: The 2016 Japan Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth consists of Health Behaviors and Outcomes (7 indicators), and Influences on Health Behaviors (4 indicators)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848747/results-from-qatar-s-2016-active-healthy-kids-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#7
Mohamed G Al-Kuwari, Izzeldin A Ibrahim, Eiman M Al Hammadi, John J Reilly
BACKGROUND: The first Qatar Active Healthy Kids (QAHK) Report Card was developed in 2015-2016. It is a synthesis of the available evidence on physical activity in children and youth in the state of Qatar-an assessment of the state of the nation. The report card is important for future physical activity advocacy, policy, and program development. METHODS: The QAHK Report Card was inspired by the Active Healthy Kids Scotland 2013 Report Card. The methodology used in Scotland's report card was adapted for Qatar...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848741/results-from-thailand-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#8
Areekul Amornsriwatanakul, Kasem Nakornkhet, Piyawat Katewongsa, Chairat Choosakul, Tippawan Kaewmanee, Kurusart Konharn, Atchara Purakom, Anoma Santiworakul, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Sonthaya Sriramatr, Araya Yankai, Michael Rosenberg, Fiona C Bull
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is recognized as one of the core modifiable risk factors of noncommunicable diseases. However, little is known about PA in the Thai population, particularly in children. The report card (RC) project provided Thailand with an opportunity to assess PA behaviors in children. This paper summarizes the methodology, grading process, and the final grades of the Thai RC. METHODS: A school-based survey was conducted to collect data from a nationally representative sample of children aged 6 to 17 years...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848732/results-from-colombia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#9
Silvia A González, Maria A Castiblanco, Luis F Arias-Gómez, Andrea Martinez-Ospina, Daniel D Cohen, Gustavo A Holguin, Adriana Almanza, Diana Marina Camargo Lemos, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Iván D Escobar, Johnattan García, Rocio Gámez, Mauricio Garzon, Yaneth Herazo Beltrán, Hernan Hurtado, Oscar Lozano, Diana C Páez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Nubia Ruiz, Gustavo Tovar, Olga L Sarmiento
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is vital to the holistic development of young people. Regular participation in PA is associated with substantial benefits for health, cognitive function, and social inclusion. Recognizing the potential of PA in the context of the current peace process in Colombia, the purpose of this article is to present the methodology and results of Colombia's second Report Card on PA for children and youth. METHODS: A group of experts on PA graded 14 PA indicators based on data from national surveys and policy documents...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#10
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848730/results-from-poland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#11
Pawel Zembura, Aleksandra Goldys, Hanna Nalecz
BACKGROUND: Poland's 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is the first assessment of child and youth physical activity (PA) in Poland using the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance grading system. The main goal was to summarize and describe the current state of child and youth PA to increase awareness and surveillance. METHODS: The systematic methodology that underpins the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card was adapted and applied to the Polish report card...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848724/results-from-wales-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth-is-wales-turning-the-tide-on-children-s-inactivity
#12
Richard Tyler, Marianne Mannello, Rebecca Mattingley, Chris Roberts, Robert Sage, Suzan R Taylor, Malcolm Ward, Simon Williams, Gareth Stratton
BACKGROUND: This is the second Active Healthy Kids Wales Report Card. The 2016 version consolidates and translates research related to physical activity (PA) among children and youth in Wales, and aims to raise the awareness of children's engagement in PA and sedentary behaviors. METHODS: Ten PA indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids-Canada Report Card methodology involving a synthesis and expert consensus of the best available evidence. RESULTS: Grades were assigned as follows: Overall PA, D+; Organized Sport Participation, C; Active and Outdoor Play, C; Active Transportation, C; Sedentary Behaviors, D-; Physical Literacy, INC; Family and Peer Influences, D+; School, B; Community and the Built Environment, C; and National Government Policy, Strategies, and Investments, B-...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848722/results-from-the-mozambique-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents
#13
António Prista, Timoteo Daca, Francisco Tchonga, Eduardo Machava, Cremildo Macucule, Edmundo Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: This article describes the procedures and development of the 2016 Mozambican Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Adolescents. METHODS: Following the procedures adopted in 2014 for that year's report card, comprehensive searches on new data related to indicators of physical activity (PA) were done. A committee composed of physical activity and sports specialists graded each indicator consistent with the process and methodology outlined by the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card model...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848719/results-from-spain-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#14
Blanca Roman-Viñas, Jorge Marin, Mairena Sánchez-López, Susana Aznar, Rosaura Leis, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Helmut Schroder, Rocío Ortiz-Moncada, German Vicente, Marcela González-Gross, Lluís Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: The first Active Healthy Kids Spanish Report Card aims to gather the most robust information about physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior of children and adolescents. METHODS: A Research Working Group of experts on PA and sport sciences was convened. A comprehensive data search, based on a review of the literature, dissertations, gray literature, and experts' nonpublished data, was conducted to identify the best sources to grade each indicator following the procedures and methodology outlined by the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card model...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846308/the-challenge-of-evaluating-the-intensity-of-short-actions-in-soccer-a-new-methodological-approach-using-percentage-acceleration
#15
Karin Sonderegger, Markus Tschopp, Wolfgang Taube
PURPOSE: There are several approaches to quantifying physical load in team sports using positional data. Distances in different speed zones are most commonly used. Recent studies have used acceleration data in addition in order to take short intense actions into account. However, the fact that acceleration decreases with increasing initial running speed is ignored and therefore introduces a bias. The aim of our study was to develop a new methodological approach that removes this bias...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835043/risk-factors-for-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-in-active-individuals-an-evidence-based-review
#16
Zachary K Winkelmann, Dustin Anderson, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman
: Reference/Citation: Hamstra-Wright KL, Bliven KC, Bay C. Risk factors for medial tibial stress syndrome in physically active individuals such as runners and military personnel: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(6)362-369. CLINICAL QUESTION:  What factors put physically active individuals at risk to develop medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS)? DATA SOURCES:  The authors performed a literature search of CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, and MEDLINE from each database's inception to July 2013...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818893/level-of-quality-management-in-the-municipal-sports-services-contrast-trough-efqm-excellence-model
#17
Alfonso Martínez-Moreno, Arturo Díaz Suárez
The quality management in the Municipal Sports Services is embedded in the servuction provided to the citizens, which are their internal customers who determine the quality improvement ensuring competitiveness with excellence criteria. The Model of the European Foundation for Quality Management enables the evaluation of organization progress towards achieving quality goals, from a structured, measurable and comparable methodology. The aim is to carry out a diagnosis of the level of implementation of quality in the Municipal Sports Services of the Region of Murcia, Spain...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813019/knee-donor-site-morbidity-after-mosaicplasty-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Renato Andrade, Sebastiano Vasta, Rogério Pereira, Hélder Pereira, Rocco Papalia, Mustafa Karahan, J Miguel Oliveira, Rui L Reis, João Espregueira-Mendes
BACKGROUND: Mosaicplasty has been associated with good short- to long-term results. Nevertheless, the osteochondral harvesting is restricted to the donor-site area available and it may lead to significant donor-site morbidity. PURPOSE: Provide an overview of donor-site morbidity associated with harvesting of osteochondral plugs from the knee joint in mosaicplasty procedure. METHODS: Comprehensive search using Pubmed, Cochrane Library, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL databases was carried out through 10(th) October of 2016...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783784/when-participation-of-children-and-youth-with-disabilities-is-not-merely-activity-a-study-of-the-literature
#19
Tatiana Vasconcelos Dos Santos, Martha Cristina Nunes Moreira, Romeu Gomes
This article analyzes the approach to children and adolescent participation in disability studies. Methodologically, it combines a literature review and a theme-based content analysis to look at which dimensions of participation are explored in the literature. As the result of this study we highlight four areas: Sports, Quality of Life/Well-Being, School and Participation Metrics. We find that the focus is on participation as performing activities within a given context, with very few broader discussions about the domain as a human value related to socialization and the development of a support network, the management of independence and levels of dependence...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783772/-the-process-of-the-institutionalization-of-sport-for-individuals-with-disabilities-in-brazil-a-federal-legislative-analysis
#20
Tuany Defaveri Begossi, Janice Zarpellon Mazo
The scope of this study was to analyze the legal norms that have underpinned the alignment of organizational structures in the area of sports directed to individuals with disabilities in Brazil. The theoretical and methodological benchmark of the New Cultural History was based on the analysis of legal documents, as well as oral sources, which consist of three interviews with athletes who have experienced the period before the creation of the Brazilian Paralympic Committee. These sources were subjected to the technique of document analysis...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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