keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Result-based planning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156639/constructing-an-indoor-floor-plan-using-crowdsourcing-based-on-magnetic-fingerprinting
#1
Haiyong Luo, Fang Zhao, Mengling Jiang, Hao Ma, Yuexia Zhang
A large number of indoor positioning systems have recently been developed to cater for various location-based services. Indoor maps are a prerequisite of such indoor positioning systems; however, indoor maps are currently non-existent for most indoor environments. Construction of an indoor map by external experts excludes quick deployment and prevents widespread utilization of indoor localization systems. Here, we propose an algorithm for the automatic construction of an indoor floor plan, together with a magnetic fingerprint map of unmapped buildings using crowdsourced smartphone data...
November 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154847/behavioural-informatics-for-improving-water-hygiene-practice-based-on-iot-environment
#2
Yang Fu, Wenyan Wu
The development of Internet of Things (IoT) and latest Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have changed the nature of healthcare monitoring and health behaviour intervention in many applications. Water hygiene and water conservation behaviour intervention as important influence factors to human health are gaining much attentions for improving sustained sanitation practice. Based on face-to-face delivery, typical behaviour intervention method is costly and hardly to provide all day access to personalised intervention guidance and feedbacks...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154277/potential-of-low-dose-leuco-methylthioninium-bis-hydromethanesulphonate-lmtm-monotherapy-for-treatment-of-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-cohort-analysis-as-modified-primary-outcome-in-a-phase-iii-clinical-trial
#3
Gordon K Wilcock, Serge Gauthier, Giovanni B Frisoni, Jianping Jia, Jiri H Hardlund, Hans J Moebius, Peter Bentham, Karin A Kook, Bjoern O Schelter, Damon J Wischik, Charles S Davis, Roger T Staff, Vesna Vuksanovic, Trevor Ahearn, Luc Bracoud, Kohkan Shamsi, Ken Marek, John Seibyl, Gernot Riedel, John M D Storey, Charles R Harrington, Claude M Wischik
BACKGROUND: LMTM is being developed as a treatment for AD based on inhibition of tau aggregation. OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of LMTM as monotherapy in non-randomized cohort analyses as modified primary outcomes in an 18-month Phase III trial in mild AD. METHODS: Mild AD patients (n = 800) were randomly assigned to 100 mg twice a day or 4 mg twice a day. Prior to unblinding, the Statistical Analysis Plan was revised to compare the 100 mg twice a day as monotherapy subgroup (n = 79) versus 4 mg twice a day as randomized (n = 396), and 4 mg twice a day as monotherapy (n = 76) versus 4 mg twice a day as add-on therapy (n = 297), with strong control of family-wise type I error...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154168/evaluating-an-e-mental-health-program-deprexis-as-adjunctive-treatment-tool-in-psychotherapy-for-depression-results-of-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Thomas Berger, Tobias Krieger, Kerstin Sude, Björn Meyer, Andreas Maercker
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders place a significant disease burden on individuals as well as on societies. Several web-based interventions for depression have shown to be effective in reducing depressive symptoms. However, it is not known whether web-based interventions, when used as adjunctive treatment tools to regular psychotherapy, have an additional effect compared to regular psychotherapy for depression. METHODS: Adults (N = 98) with a unipolar affective disorder were recruited in routine outpatient psychotherapy practices in Germany from therapists over the course of their initial sessions and randomized within therapists to one of two active treatment conditions: regular psychotherapy or psychotherapy plus a web-based depression program ("deprexis")...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154152/a-mathematical-model-to-plan-for-long-term-effects-of-water-conservation-choices-on-dry-weather-wastewater-flows-and-concentrations
#5
Lauren M Cook, Constantine Samaras, Jeanne M VanBriesen
In many cities, sewer systems are experiencing conditions that are significantly different from those for which they were designed. Factors such as water conservation efforts, changes in population, and efforts to reduce infiltration are altering the quantity and quality of sewage. These changes may affect the ability of sewers to maintain self-cleansing velocities, which are crucial to avoiding solids settling and corrosion issues. Further, such changes may alter the timeline for expected wastewater plant expansion...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153551/remote-sensing-based-deforestation-analysis-in-mahanadi-and-brahmaputra-river-basin-in-india-since-1985
#6
M D Behera, P Tripathi, P Das, S K Srivastava, P S Roy, C Joshi, P R Behera, J Deka, P Kumar, M L Khan, O P Tripathi, T Dash, Y V N Krishnamurthy
Land use and land cover (LULC) change has been recognized as a key driver of global climate change by influencing land surface processes. Being in constant change, river basins are always subjected to LULC changes, especially decline in forest cover to give way for agricultural expansion, urbanization, industrialization etc. We used on-screen digital interpretation technique to derive LULC maps from Landsat images at three decadal intervals i.e., 1985, 1995 and 2005 of two major river basins of India. Rain-fed, Mahanadi river basin (MRB) attributed to 55% agricultural area wherein glacier-fed, Brahmaputra river basin (BRB) had only 16% area under agricultural land...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153031/human-co-culture-model-of-neurons-and-astrocytes-to-test-acute-cytotoxicity-of-neurotoxic-compounds
#7
Uliana De Simone, Francesca Caloni, Laura Gribaldo, Teresa Coccini
Alternative methods and their use in planning and conducting toxicology experiments have become essential for modern toxicologists, thus reducing or replacing living animals. Although in vitro human co-culture models allow the establishment of biologically relevant cell-cell interactions that recapitulate the tissue microenvironment and better mimic its physiology, the number of publications is limited specifically addressing this scientific area and utilizing this test method which could provide an additional valuable model in toxicological studies...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152988/value-and-innovation-of-direct-acting-antivirals-long-term-health-outcomes-of-the-strategic-plan-for-the-management-of-hepatitis-c-in-spain
#8
Juan Turnes, Raquel Domínguez-Hernández, Miguel Ángel Casado
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term healthcare costs and health outcome in association with the access to new direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), during the first year of the National Strategic Plan for Chronic Hepatitis C (SPCHC) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in Spain. METHODS: A decision tree and a lifetime Markov model were developed to simulate the natural history, morbidity, and mortality of a cohort of 51,900 patients with CHC before (pre-DAA strategy) and after (post-DAA strategy) access to DAA, following SPCHC approval...
November 20, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152846/on-the-geud-biological-optimization-objective-for-organs-at-risk-in-photon-optimizer-of-eclipse-treatment-planning-system
#9
Antonella Fogliata, Stephen Thompson, Antonella Stravato, Stefano Tomatis, Marta Scorsetti, Luca Cozzi
Inverse planning optimization using biologically based objectives is becoming part of the intensity modulated optimization process. The performances and efficacy of the biologically based gEUD (generalized Equivalent Uniform Dose) objective implemented in the Photon Optimizer (PO) of Varian Eclipse treatment planning system have been here analyzed. gEUD is associated with the parameter a that accounts for the seriality of a structure, being higher for more serial organs. The PO was used to optimize volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans on a virtual homogeneous cylindrical phantom presenting a target and an organ at risk (OAR)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152540/if-you-build-it-who-will-come-a-description-of-user-characteristics-and-experiences-with-the-mcmaster-optimal-aging-portal
#10
Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Rawan Farran, Susannah Watson, Anthony J Levinson, John N Lavis, Alfonso Iorio, Maureen Dobbins
Objectives: The McMaster Optimal Aging Portal (the Portal) aims to increase access to evidence-based health information. We would now like to understand who uses the Portal, why, and for what, and elicit feedback and suggestions for future initiatives. Methods: An online survey of users collected data on demographics, eHealth literacy, Internet use, information-seeking behavior, site acceptability and perceived impact on health behaviors, participant satisfaction, and suggestions for improvements using mixed methods...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151556/-an-integrative-review-of-home-care-service-for-pregnant-women-mothers-infants-and-toddlers-in-vulnerable-group
#11
REVIEW
Dasom Kim, Insook Lee
PURPOSE: This study was intended to integrate the evidence of home care service intervention for mothers and children in vulnerable groups through an integrative literature review. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE (PubMED), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, DBpia databases. The quality of the articles was assessed by one doctoral researcher and verified by one professor of community health nursing who had participated in the systematic review of literature...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151398/disaster-risk-reduction-in-myanmar-a-need-for-focus-on-community-preparedness-and-improved-evaluation-of-initiatives
#12
Andrew D Smith, Emily Y Y Chan
Myanmar is a country in political and economic transition. Facing a wide-variety of natural hazards and ongoing conflict, the country's under-developed infrastructure has resulted in high disaster risk. Following the devastation of Cyclone Nargis in 2008 and increased global focus on disaster management and risk reduction, Myanmar has begun development of national disaster policies. Myanmar's Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction addressed multiple stages of disaster development and has made progress towards national projects, however, has struggled to implement community-based preparedness and response initiatives...
November 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151053/protocol-of-the-sepsivit-study-a-prospective-observational-study-to-determine-whether-continuous-heart-rate-variability-measurement-during-the-first-48-hours-of-hospitalisation-provides-an-early-warning-for-deterioration-in-patients-presenting-with-infection
#13
Vincent M Quinten, Matijs van Meurs, Maurits H Renes, Jack J M Ligtenberg, Jan C Ter Maaten
INTRODUCTION: One in five patients with sepsis deteriorates within 48 hours after hospital admission. Regrettably, a clear tool for the early detection of deterioration is still lacking. The SepsiVit study aims to determine whether continuous heart rate variability (HRV) measurement can provide an early warning for deterioration in patients presenting with suspected infection or sepsis to the emergency department (ED). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The protocol of a prospective observational study in the ED...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150465/differences-in-optimality-index-between-planned-place-of-birth-in-a-birth-centre-and-alternative-planned-places-of-birth-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study-in-the-netherlands-results-of-the-dutch-birth-centre-study
#14
Marieke A A Hermus, Marit Hitzert, Inge C Boesveld, M Elske van den Akker-van Marle, Paula van Dommelen, Arie Franx, Johanna P de Graaf, Jan M M van Lith, Nathalie Luurssen-Masurel, Eric A P Steegers, Therese A Wiegers, Karin M van der Pal-de Bruin
OBJECTIVES: To compare the Optimality Index of planned birth in a birth centre with planned birth in a hospital and planned home birth for low-risk term pregnant women who start labour under the responsibility of a community midwife. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Low-risk pregnant women under care of a community midwife and living in a region with one of the 21 participating Dutch birth centres or in a region with the possibility for midwife-led hospital birth...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150418/immune-enhancing-formulas-for-patients-with-cancer-undergoing-esophagectomy-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Astrid Naranjo, Elizabeth Isenring, Laisa Teleni
BACKGROUND: Adult patients with an esophageal cancer can potentially be compromised with postoperative leaks or fistulae if patients' nutritional status is in a vulnerable stage. Currently in Australia, there is a growing need for clinicians to know whether use of immune-enhancing formulas (IEFs) containing Arg, omega-3, and RNA are a cost-effective approach compared with isonitrogenous-isocaloric formulas to reduce postoperative infectious complications in esophagectomy patients. Since IEFs may carry higher costs, this has led to inconsistencies in practice among clinicians and hospitals...
November 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149746/habitat-mosaics-and-path-analysis-can-improve-biological-conservation-of-aquatic-biodiversity-in-ecosystems-with-low-head-dams
#16
Sean M Hitchman, Martha E Mather, Joseph M Smith, Jane S Fencl
Conserving native biodiversity depends on restoring functional habitats in the face of human-induced disturbances. Low-head dams are a ubiquitous human impact that degrades aquatic ecosystems worldwide. To improve our understanding of how low-head dams impact habitat and associated biodiversity, our research examined complex interactions among three spheres of the total environment. i.e., how low-head dams (anthroposphere) affect aquatic habitat (hydrosphere), and native biodiversity (biosphere) in streams and rivers...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149155/lower-cutoffs-for-lc-ms-ms-urine-drug-testing-indicates-better-patient-compliance
#17
Kevin Krock, Amadeo Pesce, Dennis Ritz, Richard Thomas, Agnes Cua, Ryan Rogers, Phil Lipnick, Kristen Kilbourn
BACKGROUND: Urine drug testing is used by health care providers to determine a patient's compliance to their prescribed regimen and to detect non-prescribed medications and illicit drugs. However, the cutoff levels used by clinical labs are often arbitrarily set and may not reflect the urine drug concentrations of compliant patients. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that commonly used cutoffs for many prescribed and illicit drugs were set too high, and methods using these cutoffs may yield a considerable number of false-negative results...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148432/a-singular-value-decomposition-linear-programming-svdlp-optimization-technique-for-circular-cone-based-robotic-radiotherapy
#18
Bin Liang, Yongbao Li, Wei Ran, Bin Guo, Xuang Xu, Bo Liu, Jiafeng Li, Qiuwen Wu, Fugen Zhou
With robot-controlled linac positioning, the robotic radiotherapy system such as CyberKnife significantly increases the freedom in radiation beam placement, but also imposes more challenges on treatment plan optimization. The resampling mechanism in vendor supplied treatment planning system (MultiPlan) could not fully explore the increased beam direction search space. Besides, a sparse treatment plan (using fewer beams) is desired to improve the treatment efficiency. This study proposes a singular value decomposition linear programming (SVDLP) optimization technique for circular collimator based robotic radiotherapy...
November 17, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148346/increasing-the-use-of-comparative-quality-information-in-maternity-care-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Maureen Maurer, Kristin L Carman, Manshu Yang, Kirsten Firminger, Judith Hibbard
This randomized controlled trial tested an intervention to increase uptake of hospital-level maternity care quality reports among 245 pregnant women in North Carolina (123 treatment; 122 control). The intervention included three enhancements to the quality report offered to the control: (a) biweekly text messages or e-mails directing women to the website, (b) videos and materials describing the relevance of quality measures to pregnant women's interests, and (c) tools to support discussions with clinicians...
May 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148137/brain-computer-interfaces-with-multi-sensory-feedback-for-stroke-rehabilitation-a-case-study
#20
Danut C Irimia, Woosang Cho, Rupert Ortner, Brendan Z Allison, Bogdan E Ignat, Guenter Edlinger, Christoph Guger
Conventional therapies do not provide paralyzed patients with closed-loop sensorimotor integration for motor rehabilitation. This work presents the recoveriX system, a hardware and software platform that combines a motor imagery (MI)-based brain-computer interface (BCI), functional electrical stimulation (FES), and visual feedback technologies for a complete sensorimotor closed-loop therapy system for poststroke rehabilitation. The proposed system was tested on two chronic stroke patients in a clinical environment...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
keyword
keyword
95730
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"