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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212201/health-sector-reform-emotional-exhaustion-and-nursing-burnout-a-retrospective-panel-study-in-iran
#1
Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Farnaz Rahnavard, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Soroor Hemmati, Najmeh Ebrahimzadeh, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Nursing burnout is affected by various factors, including work overload. Since the inauguration of the Health Sector Evolution Plan (HSEP) in Iran in 2014, government hospitals have been required to provide health services to the public at all levels. This decision, however, has increased the volume of patients admitted to government hospitals. Because nurses are on the front line of health services, they are faced with a greater load of care provision. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate nursing burnout before and after HSEP in Iran, with an emphasis on the differences between government and private hospitals...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212108/the-association-between-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-screening-results-of-depression-for-all-trimesters-of-pregnancy-postpartum-and-1-year-after-birth-a-cohort-study
#2
Hanieh Salehi-Pourmehr, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh, Nayyer Jafarilar-Agdam, Somayyeh Rafiee, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between pre-pregnancy obesity and screening results of gestational and post-delivery depression in women referred to the health centers of Tabriz, Iran. METHODS: In this cohort study, 62 and 245 pregnant women with class 2-3 obesity [body mass index (BMI)≥35 kg/m2] and normal-weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) were enrolled, respectively, in the first trimester of pregnancy from December 2012 to January 2016. For matching of groups, nulliparous and multiparous mothers aged 18-35 years were selected with the ratio of 1:4 in obese and normal BMI groups from the same recruitment center and to controlling the confounder factors, inclusion criteria were considered...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212062/community-health-agency-administrators-access-to-public-health-data-for-program-planning-evaluation-and-grant-preparation
#3
Sandra D Lane, Donna M Cashman, Robert H Keefe, Lutchmie Narine, Bradford Ducre, Sharon Chesna, Meghan Hall, David Oliver
The Affordable Care Act mandates that public health data be made available for community agency use. Having access to such data allows community agencies to tailor interventions, evaluations, and funding requests more effectively. This study, jointly undertaken by Syracuse University faculty and students with the New York State Perinatal Association, sought to understand community agencies' access to requests for governmental data, as well as to identify areas for improving data access. Results from this survey of administrators from 43 agencies in New York State found that only one-half of their requests for data were successful...
February 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211834/is-active-design-changing-the-workplace-a-natural-pre-post-experiment-looking-at-health-behaviour-and-workplace-perceptions
#4
Lina Engelen, Josephine Chau, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Sarah Young, Dominique Hespe, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Active Design is a relatively new concept and evaluation on its effects on healthy behaviour is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Active Design influence on workplace physical activity, sedentary behaviour, musculoskeletal complaints, and perceptions of the workplace and productivity. METHODS: Participants (n = 118 adults) moving from 14 workplaces into a new building completed an online questionnaire pre- and post-move. The questions related to health behaviours (physical activity, sitting time and sleep); musculoskeletal issues; perceptions of the office environment; productivity; and engagement...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211596/the-structure-of-adult-adhd
#5
Lenard A Adler, Stephen V Faraone, Thomas J Spencer, Patricia Berglund, Samuel Alperin, Ronald C Kessler
Although DSM-5 stipulates that symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are the same for adults as children, clinical observations suggest that adults have more diverse deficits than children in higher-level executive functioning and emotional control. Previous psychometric analyses to evaluate these observations have been limited in ways addressed in the current study, which analyzes the structure of an expanded set of adult ADHD symptoms in three pooled US samples: a national household sample, a sample of health plan members, and a sample of adults referred for evaluation at an adult ADHD clinic...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211555/personality-traits-level-of-anxiety-and-styles-of-coping-with-stressin-people-with-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-comparative-analysis
#6
Klaudia Tabała, Magdalena Wrzesińska, Patryk Stecz, Józef Kocur
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are a challenge to public health, with the sufferers experiencing a range of psychological factors affecting their health and behavior. The aim of the present study was to determine the level of anxiety, personality traits and stress-coping ability of patients with obstructive lung disease and comparison with a group of healthy controls. METHODS: The research was conducted on a group of 150 people with obstructive lung diseases (asthma and COPD) and healthy controls (mean age = 56...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#7
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211155/utah-obstetricians-opinions-of-planned-home-birth-and-conflicting-nice-acog-guidelines-a-qualitative-study
#8
Emily Rainey, Sara Simonsen, Joseph Stanford, Kimberley Shoaf, Jami Baayd
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently published recommendations that support planned home birth for low-risk women. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) remains wary of planned home birth, asserting that hospitals and birthing centers are the safest birth settings. Our objective was to examine opinions of obstetricians in Salt Lake City, Utah about home birth in the context of rising home birth rates and conflicting guidelines...
February 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210864/pharmacy-benefit-management-companies-do-they-create-value-in-the-us-healthcare-system
#9
Alan Lyles
Pharmacy benefit management companies (PBMs) perform functions in the US market-based healthcare system that may be performed by public agencies or quasi-public institutions in other nations. By aggregating lives covered under their many individual contracts with payers, PBMs have formidable negotiating power. They influence pharmaceutical insurance coverage, design the terms of coverage in a plan's drug benefit, and create competition among providers for inclusion in a plan's network. PBMs have, through intermediation, the potential to secure lower drug prices and to improve rational prescribing...
February 16, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210832/benefits-of-an-android-based-tablet-application-in-primary-screening-for-eye-diseases-in-a-rural-population-india
#10
Sayed Ahmed Imtiaz, Sannapaneni Krishnaiah, Sunil Kumar Yadav, Balasubramaniam Bharath, Ramanathan V Ramani
To investigate the effectiveness, efficiency and cost gains in collecting patient eye health information from remote rural villages of India by trained field investigators through an Android Based Tablet Application namely 'Sankara Electronic Remote Vision Information System (SERVIS)". During January and March 2016, a population based cross-sectional study was conducted in three Indian states employing SERVIS and manual method. The SERVIS application has a 48-items survey instrument programed into the application...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210655/cost-of-outpatient-arthroscopic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-among-commercially-insured-patients-in-the-united-states-2005-2013
#11
Mackenzie M Herzog, Stephen W Marshall, Jennifer L Lund, Virginia Pate, Jeffrey T Spang
BACKGROUND: Despite the significance of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, these conditions have been under-researched from a population-level perspective. It is important to determine the economic effect of these injuries in order to document the public health burden in the United States. PURPOSE: To describe the cost of outpatient arthroscopic ACL reconstruction and health care utilization among commercially insured beneficiaries in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: Economic and decision analysis; Level of evidence, 3...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210643/perception-of-health-problems-among-competitive-runners-a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-appraisals-and-behavioral-responses
#12
Sara Jelvegård, Toomas Timpka, Victor Bargoria, Håkan Gauffin, Jenny Jacobsson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2 of every 3 competitive runners sustain at least 1 health problem each season. Most of these problems are nontraumatic injuries with gradual onset. The main known risk indicator for sustaining a new running-related injury episode is a history of a previous injury, suggesting that behavioral habits are part of the causal mechanisms. PURPOSE: Identification of elements associated with purposeful interpretations of body perceptions and balanced behavioral responses may supply vital information for prevention of health problems in runners...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210537/multilevel-predictors-of-colorectal-cancer-testing-modality-among-publicly-and-privately-insured-people-turning-50
#13
Stephanie B Wheeler, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Anne Marie Meyer, Christa E Martens, Kristen M Hassmiller Lich, Florence K L Tangka, Lisa C Richardson, Ingrid J Hall, Judith Lee Smith, Maria E Mayorga, Paul Brown, Trisha M Crutchfield, Michael P Pignone
Understanding multilevel predictors of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening test modality can help inform screening program design and implementation. We used North Carolina Medicare, Medicaid, and private, commercially available, health plan insurance claims data from 2003 to 2008 to ascertain CRC test modality among people who received CRC screening around their 50th birthday, when guidelines recommend that screening should commence for normal risk individuals. We ascertained receipt of colonoscopy, fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and fecal immunochemical test (FIT) from billing codes...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210181/causes-of-irreversible-unilateral-or-bilateral-blindness-in-the-al-baha-region-of-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#14
Huda Farhan Alghamdi
PURPOSE: To determine the causes of irreversible unilateral and bilateral blindness that cannot be rehabilitated medically, optically nor surgically in Al Baha province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: There were a retrospective chart review and examination of patients presenting to King Fahad Hospital Al Baha, Saudi Arabia, with unilateral or bilateral blindness from June 2011 to September 2011. Blindness was defined as best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of less than 0...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210013/the-relation-between-depressive-symptoms-and-self-care-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-kosovo
#15
Idriz Sopjani, Shemsedin Vehapi, Daut Gorani, Miradije Imeri, Sidita Vitoja, Shqipe Tahiri
BACKGROUND: The depression is a significant problem in patients with diabetes. This research is the first of it's kind conducted in the Republic of Kosovo to determine the prevalence of depression diagnosed in people with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) and interrelation between depressive symptoms and behavior of diabetes self-care (glucose monitoring, exercise, diet, and self- health care). METHODS: Research was conducted in the University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK), in Pristine...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209634/cognitive-decline-in-prostate-cancer-patients-undergoing-adt
#16
Niamh Liana Mundell, Robin M Daly, Helen Macpherson, Steve F Fraser
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is an effective and widely prescribed treatment for prostate cancer (PCa), but it is associated with multiple treatment induced adverse effects that impact on various musculoskeletal and cardiometabolic health outcomes. Emerging research has shown that ADT is also associated with cognitive impairment, which has been linked to a loss of independence, increased falls and fracture risk and greater use of medical services. The aim of this review is to outline the evidence related to the effect of ADT use on cognitive function, and propose a role for exercise training as part of usual care to prevent and/or manage cognitive impairments for PCa survivors on ADT...
February 16, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209604/birth-size-risk-factors-across-life-and-cognition-in-late-life-protocol-of-prospective-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-mynah-mysore-studies-of-natal-effects-on-ageing-and-health-cohort
#17
Murali Krishna, G Mohan Kumar, S R Veena, G V Krishnaveni, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Samuel Christaprasad Karat, Patsy Coakley, Clive Osmond, John R M Copeland, Giriraj Chandak, Dattatray Bhat, Mathew Varghese, Martin Prince, Caroline Fall
INTRODUCTION: For late-life neurocognitive disorders, as for other late-life chronic diseases, much recent interest has focused on the possible relevance of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Programming by undernutrition in utero, followed by overnutrition in adult life may lead to an increased risk, possibly mediated through cardiovascular and metabolic pathways. This study will specifically examine, if lower birth weight is associated with poorer cognitive functioning in late life in a south Indian population...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209561/co-creating-and-evaluating-a-web-app-mapping-real-world-health-care-services-for-students-the-servi-share-protocol
#18
Ilaria Montagni, Emmanuel Langlois, Jérôme Wittwer, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: University students aged 18-30 years are a population group reporting low access to health care services, with high rates of avoidance and delay of medical care. This group also reports not having appropriate information about available health care services. However, university students are at risk for several health problems, and regular medical consultations are recommended in this period of life. New digital devices are popular among the young, and Web-apps can be used to facilitate easy access to information regarding health care services...
February 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209467/socio-economic-factors-cultural-values-national-personality-and-antibiotics-use-a-cross-cultural-study-among-european-countries
#19
Ümmügülsüm Gaygısız, Timo Lajunen, Esma Gaygısız
There are considerable cross-national differences in public attitudes towards antibiotics use, use of prescribed antibiotics, and self-medication with antibiotics even within Europe. This study was aimed at investigating the relationships between socio-economic factors, cultural values, national personality characteristics and the antibiotic use in Europe. Data included scores from 27 European countries (14 countries for personality analysis). Correlations between socio-economic variables (Gross National Income per capita, governance quality, life expectancy, mean years of schooling, number of physicians), Hofstede's cultural value dimensions (power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, indulgence), national personality characteristic (extraversion, neuroticism, social desirability) and antibiotic use were calculated and three regression models were constructed...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209006/a-comparative-evaluation-of-serum-magnesium-in-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients-with-and-without-periodontitis-a-clinico-biochemical-study
#20
Akshatha Shetty, Rahul Bhandary, Biju Thomas, Amitha Ramesh
INTRODUCTION: Magnesium is an essential cation playing a crucial role in many physiological functions and its imbalance is associated with greater number of pathological situations. Oxidative stress is usually increased due to decreased essential nutrients. Hence, any imbalance of essential nutrients like serum magnesium can significantly play a role in the pathobiology of periodontitis in the presence of diabetes, as diabetes and chronic periodontitis are two chronic diseases that have been biologically linked...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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