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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156638/development-of-evidence-based-disease-education-literature-for-pakistani-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#1
Atta Abbas Naqvi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Muhammad Tariq Aftab, Syed Baqir Shyum Naqvi, Fatima Zehra, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Rheumatoid arthritis affects 0.5% to 1% of the population globally and is one of the most common causes of disability. Patient education plays a key role in improving treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to discuss the process involved in designing an evidence-based disease education literature for rheumatoid arthritis patients of Pakistan in Urdu language with culturally relevant illustrations. A study was conducted to develop disease education literature using Delphi consensus, content validity, and patient feedback...
November 20, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156065/examining-exercise-in-older-adults-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-temporal-discounting
#2
Linda M Tate, Pao-Feng Tsai, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Reid D Landes, Leanne L Lefler, Keneshia Bryant-Moore
Exercise is one of the most important health behaviors to reduce and prevent the severity of many chronic diseases. The purpose of the current study was to determine if adding temporal discounting (TD) would affect the predictability of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in exercising among older adults. One hundred thirty-seven older adults were recruited from 11 churches in rural Arkansas using a cross-sectional design. Information regarding participants' exercise behavior, constructs of the TPB, TD rates, and demographics was collected...
November 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155826/programmatic-factors-associated-with-the-limited-impact-of-community-directed-treatment-with-ivermectin-to-control-onchocerciasis-in-three-drainage-basins-of-south-west-cameroon
#3
Christian Tetteh Duamor, Fabrice Roberto Datchoua-Poutcheu, Winston Patrick Chounna Ndongmo, Aldof Tah Yoah, Ernest Njukang, Emmanuel Kah, Mary Sheena Maingeh, Jonas Arnaud Kengne-Ouaffo, Dizzle Bita Tayong, Peter A Enyong, Samuel Wanji
INTRODUCTION: The CDTI model is known to have enhanced community participation in planning and resource mobilization toward the control of onchocerciasis. These effects were expected to translate into better individual acceptance of the intervention and hence high Treatment Coverage, leading to a sustainable community-led strategy and reduction in the disease burden. A survey revealed that after 10-12 rounds of treatment, prevalence of onchocerciasis was still high in three drainage basins of South West Cameroon and transmission was going on...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155678/joint-external-evaluation-development-and-scale-up-of-global-multisectoral-health-capacity-evaluation-process
#4
Elizabeth Bell, Jordan W Tappero, Kashef Ijaz, Maureen Bartee, Jose Fernandez, Hannah Burris, Karen Sliter, Simo Nikkari, Stella Chungong, Guenael Rodier, Hamid Jafari
The Joint External Evaluation (JEE), a consolidation of the World Health Organization (WHO) International Health Regulations 2005 (IHR 2005) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework and the Global Health Security Agenda country assessment tool, is an objective, voluntary, independent peer-to-peer multisectoral assessment of a country's health security preparedness and response capacity across 19 IHR technical areas. WHO approved the standardized JEE tool in February 2016. The JEE process is wholly transparent; countries request a JEE and are encouraged to make its findings public...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155675/enhancing-workforce-capacity-to-improve-vaccination-data-quality-uganda
#5
Kirsten Ward, Kevin Mugenyi, Amalia Benke, Henry Luzze, Carol Kyozira, Ampeire Immaculate, Patricia Tanifum, Annet Kisakye, Peter Bloland, Adam MacNeil
In Uganda, vaccine dose administration data are often not available or are of insufficient quality to optimally plan, monitor, and evaluate program performance. A collaboration of partners aimed to address these key issues by deploying data improvement teams (DITs) to improve data collection, management, analysis, and use in district health offices and health facilities. During November 2014-September 2016, DITs visited all districts and 89% of health facilities in Uganda. DITs identified gaps in awareness and processes, assessed accuracy of data, and provided on-the-job training to strengthen systems and improve healthcare workers' knowledge and skills in data quality...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155670/lessons-learned-from-emergency-response-vaccination-efforts-for-cholera-typhoid-yellow-fever-and-ebola
#6
Jenny A Walldorf, Kashmira A Date, Nandini Sreenivasan, Jennifer B Harris, Terri B Hyde
Countries must be prepared to respond to public health threats associated with emergencies, such as natural disasters, sociopolitical conflicts, or uncontrolled disease outbreaks. Rapid vaccination of populations vulnerable to epidemic-prone vaccine-preventable diseases is a major component of emergency response. Emergency vaccination planning presents challenges, including how to predict resource needs, expand vaccine availability during global shortages, and address regulatory barriers to deliver new products...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155668/responding-to-communicable-diseases-in-internationally-mobile-populations-at-points-of-entry-and-along-porous-borders-nigeria-benin-and-togo
#7
Rebecca D Merrill, Kimberly Rogers, Sarah Ward, Olubumni Ojo, Clement Glele Kakaī, Tamekloe Tsidi Agbeko, Hassan Garba, Amanda MacGurn, Marydale Oppert, Idrissa Kone, Olutola Bamsa, Dana Schneider, Clive Brown
Recent multinational disease outbreaks demonstrate the risk of disease spreading globally before public health systems can respond to an event. To ensure global health security, countries need robust multisectoral systems to rapidly detect and respond to domestic or imported communicable diseases. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention International Border Team works with the governments of Nigeria, Togo, and Benin, along with Pro-Health International and the Abidjan-Lagos Corridor Organization, to build sustainable International Health Regulations capacities at points of entry (POEs) and along border regions...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155663/frameworks-for-preventing-detecting-and-controlling-zoonotic-diseases
#8
Miriam L Shiferaw, Jeffrey B Doty, Giorgi Maghlakelidze, Juliette Morgan, Ekaterine Khmaladze, Otar Parkadze, Marina Donduashvili, Emile Okitolonda Wemakoy, Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Leopold Mulumba, Jean Malekani, Joelle Kabamba, Theresa Kanter, Linda Lucy Boulanger, Abraham Haile, Abyot Bekele, Meseret Bekele, Kasahun Tafese, Andrea A McCollum, Mary G Reynolds
Preventing zoonotic diseases requires coordinated actions by government authorities responsible for human and animal health. Constructing the frameworks needed to foster intersectoral collaboration can be approached in many ways. We highlight 3 examples of approaches to implement zoonotic disease prevention and control programs. The first, rabies control in Ethiopia, was implemented using an umbrella approach: a comprehensive program designed for accelerated impact. The second, a monkeypox program in Democratic Republic of the Congo, was implemented in a stepwise manner, whereby incremental improvements and activities were incorporated into the program...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155652/cdc-support-for-global-public-health-emergency-management
#9
Daniel J Brencic, Meredith Pinto, Adrienne Gill, Michael H Kinzer, Luis Hernandez, Omer G Pasi
Recent pandemics and rapidly spreading outbreaks of infectious diseases have illustrated the interconnectedness of the world and the importance of improving the international community's ability to effectively respond. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), building on a strong foundation of lessons learned through previous emergencies, international recognition, and human and technical expertise, has aspired to support nations around the world to strengthen their public health emergency management (PHEM) capacity...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155224/medical-encounter-mental-health-diagnoses-non-fatal-injury-and-polypharmacy-indicators-of-risk-for-accident-death-in-the-us-army-enlisted-soldiers-2004-2009
#10
Lisa Lewandowski-Romps, Heather M Schroeder, Patricia A Berglund, Lisa J Colpe, Kenneth Cox, Keith Hauret, Jeffrey D Hay, Bruce Jones, Roderick J A Little, Colter Mitchell, Michael Schoenbaum, Paul Schulz, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Steven G Heeringa
Accidents are a leading cause of deaths in U.S. active duty personnel. Understanding accident deaths during wartime could facilitate future operational planning and inform risk prevention efforts. This study expands prior research, identifying health risk factors associated with U.S. Army accident deaths during the Afghanistan and Iraq war. Military records for 2004-2009 enlisted, active duty, Regular Army soldiers were analyzed using logistic regression modeling to identify mental health, injury, and polypharmacy (multiple narcotic and/or psychotropic medications) predictors of accident deaths for current, previously, and never deployed groups...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154847/behavioural-informatics-for-improving-water-hygiene-practice-based-on-iot-environment
#11
Yang Fu, Wenyan Wu
The development of Internet of Things (IoT) and latest Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have changed the nature of healthcare monitoring and health behaviour intervention in many applications. Water hygiene and water conservation behaviour intervention as important influence factors to human health are gaining much attentions for improving sustained sanitation practice. Based on face-to-face delivery, typical behaviour intervention method is costly and hardly to provide all day access to personalised intervention guidance and feedbacks...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154528/building-the-future-of-environmental-public-health-tracking-proceedings-and-recommendations-of-an-expert-panel-workshop
#12
Mary A Fox, Sheriza Baksh, Juleen Lam, Beth Resnick
Since 2002, the national Environmental Health Tracking Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has provided vital support to state environmental public health efforts while simultaneously building a nationwide network of state, local, and academic partners to improve our nation’s capacity to understand and respond to environmental threats to public health. As part of program review and strategic planning, national thought leaders in environmental public health were convened to assess progress, identify gaps and challenges, and provide recommendations for enhancing the utility and impact of the Tracking Program...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154168/evaluating-an-e-mental-health-program-deprexis-as-adjunctive-treatment-tool-in-psychotherapy-for-depression-results-of-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Thomas Berger, Tobias Krieger, Kerstin Sude, Björn Meyer, Andreas Maercker
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders place a significant disease burden on individuals as well as on societies. Several web-based interventions for depression have shown to be effective in reducing depressive symptoms. However, it is not known whether web-based interventions, when used as adjunctive treatment tools to regular psychotherapy, have an additional effect compared to regular psychotherapy for depression. METHODS: Adults (N = 98) with a unipolar affective disorder were recruited in routine outpatient psychotherapy practices in Germany from therapists over the course of their initial sessions and randomized within therapists to one of two active treatment conditions: regular psychotherapy or psychotherapy plus a web-based depression program ("deprexis")...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153438/effect-of%C3%A2-the-programme-plan-de-egreso-on%C3%A2-chronically-ill-patients-and-their-family-caregivers
#14
Blanca Gregoria Melo Melo, Yamile Vargas Hernández, Gloria Mabel Carrillo, Diana Katherine Alarcón Trujillo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the programme Hospitalisation discharge plan for patients with chronic diseases and family caregivers to strengthen their home care competence -CUIDAR- and reduce the caregiver burden. METHOD: Quasi-experimental study approach with intervention group. Participants were 62 patients and their caregivers who consulted with a health care institution in the city of Girardot (Colombia). The intervention was carried out for one month, during which, measurements were performed before and after the programme...
November 16, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153173/a-100-year-review-lactating-dairy-cattle-housing-management
#15
J M Bewley, L M Robertson, E A Eckelkamp
Since the mid-1800s, farmers have been housing livestock. What began as a part-time solution for cold winters, stormy days, or injured animals has evolved into the main or only area in which cows spend their adult lives. With this change, farmers, academic researchers, and industry innovators have shaped the farm landscape, literally. Over the last 100 years, changes have been made for productivity, health, milk quality, reproduction, animal well-being, and farm profitability. We review a snapshot of those changes and look ahead to the future of lactating dairy cattle housing...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153067/-detection-of-influenza-virus-infections-by-molecular-and-immunofluorescence-methods
#16
Deniz Yıldırım, Deniz Özdoğru Sağdıç, Buket Şeflek, Mehmet Çimentepe, İbrahim Bayram, Fügen Yarkın
Influenza virus infections are extremely important for human health due to the occurence of seasonal epidemics and pandemics worldwide. Influenza is associated with high morbidity and may result in serious complications such as life threatening viral or bacterial pneumonia. Especially, young children, older adults, patients with chronic diseases such as heart, lung, kidney, and diabetes and immunosuppressed people are at higher risk for complications and death from influenza virus infections. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of influenza type A and B virus infections and influenza A virus subtypes in hospitalized patients with respiratory tract infections by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR, Sacace, Italy), conventional RT-PCR and direct immunofluorescence antibody (DFA, Argene SA, France) tests...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153064/-comparison-of-polymerase-chain-reaction-using-kinetoplast-dna-specific-primers-and-other-parasitological-methods-in-the-diagnosis-of-clinical-samples-of-suspected-patients-with-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-%C3%A5-anl%C3%A4-urfa
#17
Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Seray Töz, Fehmi Yüksel, Nevin Turgay, Yusuf Özbel
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) are seen endemically in Turkey and CL caused by Leishmania tropica is an important public health problem in southeastern as well as other regions of Turkey. The diagnosis has been usually made by clinical view of lesion and/or parasitologically using lesion aspiration smears. Histological examination does not, always reveal the parasite in the skin biopsy, particularly in chronic lesions. Besides this, due to CL infections caused by different species in endemic areas, diagnostic methods enabling species identification are in great need...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153019/-the-actual-questions-of-the-care-of-rare-diseases
#18
Gábor Pogány
The aim was to present the actual situation of rare diseases, especially to characterize the circumstances in Hungary. The most important developments were summarized which could help the care of rare disease patients in the everyday practice. There are around 800 000 patients with rare diseases in Hungary. The lack of information leads to "invisibility" for the health and social care system (most of them without ICD code). Therefore, these patients still have a huge disadvantage even when compared to the patients of common diseases...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152988/value-and-innovation-of-direct-acting-antivirals-long-term-health-outcomes-of-the-strategic-plan-for-the-management-of-hepatitis-c-in-spain
#19
Juan Turnes, Raquel Domínguez-Hernández, Miguel Ángel Casado
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term healthcare costs and health outcome in association with the access to new direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), during the first year of the National Strategic Plan for Chronic Hepatitis C (SPCHC) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in Spain. METHODS: A decision tree and a lifetime Markov model were developed to simulate the natural history, morbidity, and mortality of a cohort of 51,900 patients with CHC before (pre-DAA strategy) and after (post-DAA strategy) access to DAA, following SPCHC approval...
November 20, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152871/an-explanatory-model-of-dating-violence-risk-factors-in-spanish-adolescents
#20
Alazne Aizpitarte, Itziar Alonso-Arbiol, Fons J R Van de Vijver
Dating violence is a serious public health issue that needs further understanding in terms of risk factors that may be involved in it. The main goal of this study was to test a mediational model of dating violence risk factors. The sample was composed of 477 secondary and college students from Spain (59% females). A dynamic developmental explanatory model considering aggressiveness, insecure attachment, interparental conflict, and peer dating violence was tested using a multigroup structural equation model...
December 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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