Read by QxMD icon Read

Artificial transcriptional factor

Zhongle Liu, Gary P Moran, Derek J Sullivan, Donna M MacCallum, Lawrence C Myers
Filamentous growth is a hallmark of C. albicans pathogenicity compared to less-virulent ascomycetes. A multitude of transcription factors regulate filamentous growth in response to specific environmental cues. Our work, however, suggests the evolutionary history of C. albicans that resulted in its filamentous growth plasticity may be tied to a change in the general transcription machinery rather than transcription factors and their specific targets. A key genomic difference between C. albicans and its less-virulent relatives, including its closest relative C...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
Alicia Sánchez-Gorostiaga, Pilar Palacios, Rocío Martínez-Arteaga, Manuel Sánchez, Mercedes Casanova, Miguel Vicente
: When deprived of FtsZ, Escherichia coli cells (VIP205) grown in liquid form long nonseptated filaments due to their inability to assemble an FtsZ ring and their failure to recruit subsequent divisome components. These filaments fail to produce colonies on solid medium, in which synthesis of FtsZ is induced, upon being diluted by a factor greater than 4. However, once the initial FtsZ levels are recovered in liquid culture, they resume division, and their plating efficiency returns to normal...
October 11, 2016: MBio
Raju Murugananthkumar, Yarikipati Prathibha, Balasubramanian Senthilkumaran, Anbazhagan Rajakumar, Hirohiko Kagawa
Gonadal maturation is a critical event wherein gonads, under the influence of several hormones and factors, undergo cyclic morphological and physiological changes to produce functional gametes during the spawning phase. However, artificial induction can be effectively used to advance the maturation of gonad vis-à-vis spawning like behavior in seasonal breeders during the off-breeding season. In the present study, osmotic pumps loaded with 5000IU of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or saline as control were implanted intraperitoneally for 21days during the pre-spawning phase (May-June) in catfish Clarias batrachus and C...
October 5, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Martyna Bieniek-Kobuszewska, Grzegorz Panasiewicz, Aleksandra Lipka, Marta Majewska, Bozena Szafranska
This is a pioneer study of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the entire promoter region (1204 bp) of the dominant pPAG2-L subfamily in the pig. The pPAG2-L subfamily was sequenced/examined using genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (gDNA) templates of crossbreed pigs (Landrace x Large White), and compared to two bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones containing gDNA of the Duroc breed (as the positive controls). Our analysis of the pPAG2-L promoter identified 31 SNPs and one InDel mutation in crossbreed pigs...
October 5, 2016: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Brittany Barreto, Elizabeth Rogers, Jun Xia, Ryan L Frisch, Megan Richters, Devon M Fitzgerald, Susan M Rosenberg
: Microbes and human cells possess mechanisms of mutagenesis activated by stress responses. Stress-inducible mutagenesis mechanisms may provide important models for mutagenesis that drives host-pathogen interactions, antibiotic resistance, and possibly much of evolution generally. In Escherichia coli, repair of DNA double-strand breaks is switched to a mutagenic mode, using error-prone DNA polymerases, via the SOS DNA-damage and the general (σ(S)) stress responses. We investigated small RNA (sRNA) clients of Hfq, an RNA chaperone that promotes mutagenic break repair (MBR), and found that GcvB promotes MBR by allowing a robust σ(S) response, achieved via opposing the membrane stress (σ(E)) response...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
Cristian Arredondo, Marcela González, María Estela Andrés, Katia Gysling
Dopamine neurons are overstimulated by drugs of abuse and suffer molecular alterations that lead to addiction behavior. Nurr1 is a transcription factor crucial for dopamine neurons survival and dopamine production, activating the transcription of key genes like tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). Interestingly, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) has emerged as a new Nurr1 partner in response to inflammatory stimulus. In this study we evaluated the effects of single and repeated amphetamine administration in the expression of Nurr1 and the NF-κB p65 subunit in the rat ventral tegmental area (VTA)...
September 26, 2016: Brain Research
Zhipeng Wang, Davit A Potoyan, Peter G Wolynes
Eukaryotic transcription factors in the NF-κB family are central components of an extensive genetic network that activates cellular responses to inflammation and to a host of other external stressors. This network consists of feedback loops that involve the inhibitor IκBα, numerous downstream functional targets, and still more numerous binding sites that do not appear to be directly functional. Under steady stimulation, the regulatory network of NF-κB becomes oscillatory, and temporal patterns of NF-κB pulses appear to govern the patterns of downstream gene expression needed for immune response...
September 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Vincent Trebosc, Sarah Gartenmann, Kevin Royet, Pablo Manfredi, Marcus Tötzl, Birgit Schellhorn, Michel Pieren, Marcel Tigges, Sergio Lociuro, Peter C Sennhenn, Marc Gitzinger, Dirk Bumann, Christian Kemmer
Infections with the Gram-negative coccobacillus Acinetobacter baumannii are a major threat in hospital settings. The progressing emergence of multidrug resistant clinical strains significantly reduces the treatment options for clinicians to fight A. baumannii infections. The current lack of robust methods to genetically manipulate drug resistant A. baumannii isolates impedes research on resistance and virulence mechanisms in clinically relevant strains. In this study we developed a highly efficient and versatile genome editing platform enabling the markerless modification of the genome of A...
September 26, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
B M Kirilenko, E N Grineva, D S Karpov, V L Karpov
26S proteasome is an ATP-dependent protease complex that takes part in cell homeostasis maintenance by the selective degradation of regulatory and damaged proteins. The proteasomal genes expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast is coordinately regulated by the system, which consists of the Rpn4 transcription factor and its binding site, called PACE. The ability to modulate proteasomal activity by changing the expression of its genes is an essential tool that can be used in fundamental studies devoted to the mechanisms of proteasome dependent cell processes, as well as in applied research for developing strategies to correct proteasome activity in some pathological processes...
July 2016: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
Fernando Corrêa, Jason Key, Brian Kuhlman, Kevin H Gardner
Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are heterodimeric transcription factors central to hypoxia response and cancer development. Within the HIF-2 complex, one domain (HIF-2α PAS-B) contains a large (290 Å(3)) buried cavity filled with water molecules within its hydrophobic core. Such cavities are uncommon except in the case of ligand-binding proteins, leading to the hypothesis that HIF-2α can be regulated by small molecules. The development of artificial HIF-2α inhibitors validates this hypothesis but raises questions about the impact of this cavity on HIF-2α PAS-B structure and function...
September 20, 2016: Structure
Arkady Rutkovskiy, Kåre-Olav Stensløkken, Ingvar Jarle Vaage
Ossification is a tightly regulated process, performed by specialized cells called osteoblasts. Dysregulation of this process may cause inadequate or excessive mineralization of bones or ectopic calcification, all of which have grave consequences for human health. Understanding osteoblast biology may help to treat diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta, calcific heart valve disease, osteoporosis, and many others. Osteoblasts are bone-building cells of mesenchymal origin; they differentiate from mesenchymal progenitors, either directly or via an osteochondroprogenitor...
September 26, 2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Mohammad Nazim, Akio Masuda, Mohammad Alinoor Rahman, Farhana Nasrin, Jun-Ichi Takeda, Kenji Ohe, Bisei Ohkawara, Mikako Ito, Kinji Ohno
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), encoded by the ACHE gene, hydrolyzes the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to terminate synaptic transmission. Alternative splicing close to the 3' end generates three distinct isoforms of AChET, AChEH and AChER We found that hnRNP H binds to two specific G-runs in exon 5a of human ACHE and activates the distal alternative 3' splice site (ss) between exons 5a and 5b to generate AChET Specific effect of hnRNP H was corroborated by siRNA-mediated knockdown and artificial tethering of hnRNP H...
September 19, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Martin Piskacek, Marek Havelka, Martina Rezacova, Andrea Knight
The family of the Nine amino acid Transactivation Domain, 9aaTAD family, comprises currently over 40 members. The 9aaTAD domains are universally recognized by the transcriptional machinery from yeast to man. We had identified the 9aaTAD domains in the p53, Msn2, Pdr1 and B42 activators by our prediction algorithm. In this study, their competence to activate transcription as small peptides was proven. Not surprisingly, we elicited immense 9aaTAD divergence in hundreds of identified orthologs and numerous examples of the 9aaTAD species' convergence...
2016: PloS One
Emily R Albright, Robert F Kalejta
: Chromatin is the nucleoprotein complex that protects and compacts eukaryotic genomes. It is responsible for a large part of the epigenetic control of transcription. The genomes of DNA viruses such as human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) are devoid of histones within virions but are chromatinized and epigenetically regulated following delivery to the host cell nucleus. How chromatin is initially assembled on viral genomes, and which variant forms of the core histone proteins are deposited is incompletely understood...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Virology
Fei Zhang, Fengwu Bai, Xinqing Zhao
Trichoderma reesei Rut-C30 is a well-known cellulase producer, and improvement of its cellulase production is of great interest. An artificial zinc finger protein (AZFP) library is constructed for expression in T. reesei Rut-C30, and a mutant strain T. reesei U3 is selected based on its enhanced cellulase production. The U3 mutant shows a 55% rise in filter paper activity and 8.1-fold increased β-glucosidase activity, when compared to the native strain T. reesei Rut-C30. It is demonstrated that enhanced β-glucosidase activity was due to elevated transcription level of β-glucosidase gene in the U3 mutant...
October 2016: Biotechnology Journal
Bartolomeo Angelici, Erik Mailand, Benjamin Haefliger, Yaakov Benenson
One of the goals of synthetic biology is to develop programmable artificial gene networks that can transduce multiple endogenous molecular cues to precisely control cell behavior. Realizing this vision requires interfacing natural molecular inputs with synthetic components that generate functional molecular outputs. Interfacing synthetic circuits with endogenous mammalian transcription factors has been particularly difficult. Here, we describe a systematic approach that enables integration and transduction of multiple mammalian transcription factor inputs by a synthetic network...
August 30, 2016: Cell Reports
Narges Obeidi, Ali Akbar Pourfathollah, Masoud Soleimani, Mahin Nikougoftar Zarif, Fatemeh Kouhkan
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous non-coding regulatory RNAs that control mRNAs post-transcriptionally. Several mouse stem cells miRNAs are cloned differentially regulated in different hematopoietic lineages, suggesting their possible role in hematopoietic lineage differentiation. Recent studies have shown that specific miRNAs such as Mir-451 have key roles in erythropoiesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, murine embryonic stem cells (mESCs) were infected with lentiviruses containing pCDH-Mir-451...
July 2016: Cell Journal
Servane Blanvillain-Baufumé, Maik Reschke, Montserrat Solé, Florence Auguy, Hinda Doucoure, Boris Szurek, Donaldo Meynard, Murielle Portefaix, Sébastien Cunnac, Emmanuel Guiderdoni, Jens Boch, Ralf Koebnik
As a key virulence strategy to cause Bacterial Leaf Blight, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) injects into the plant cell DNA-binding proteins called Transcription Activator-Like Effectors (TALEs), that bind to Effector-Binding Elements (EBEs) in a sequence-specific manner, resulting in host gene induction. TALEs AvrXa7, PthXo3, TalC and Tal5, found in geographically distant Xoo strains, all target OsSWEET14, thus considered as a pivotal TALE target acting as major susceptibility factor during rice-Xoo interactions...
August 19, 2016: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Benjamin Garcia-Bloj, Colette Moses, Agustin Sgro, Janice Plani-Lam, Mahira Arooj, Ciara Duffy, Shreyas Thiruvengadam, Anabel Sorolla, Rabab Rashwan, Ricardo L Mancera, Andrea Leisewitz, Theresa Swift-Scanlan, Alejandro H Corvalan, Pilar Blancafort
The aberrant epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) plays a major role during carcinogenesis and regaining these dormant functions by engineering of sequence-specific epigenome editing tools offers a unique opportunity for targeted therapies. However, effectively normalizing the expression and regaining tumor suppressive functions of silenced TSGs by artificial transcription factors (ATFs) still remains a major challenge. Herein we describe novel combinatorial strategies for the potent reactivation of two class II TSGs, MASPIN and REPRIMO, in cell lines with varying epigenetic states, using the CRISPR/dCas9 associated system linked to a panel of effector domains (VP64, p300, VPR and SAM complex), as well as with protein-based ATFs, Zinc Fingers and TALEs...
August 9, 2016: Oncotarget
Yue Jiang, Ruiwei Jiang, Xi Cheng, Qun Zhang, Yali Hu, Hui Zhang, Yun Cao, Mei Zhang, Junxia Wang, Lijun Ding, Zhenyu Diao, Haixiang Sun, Guijun Yan
STUDY QUESTION: How do NR4A receptors drive decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells (hESCs)? SUMMARY ANSWER: NR4A receptors modulate endometrial decidualization by transcriptional activation of FOXO1A, and in adenomyosis patients, the reduced expression of NR4A receptors in the eutopic endometrium may represent a novel mechanism to explain impaired decidualization and subfertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: A close relationship between impaired decidualization and subfertility has been established...
September 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"