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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451605/evaluation-of-the-frequency-of-candida-spp-in-hospitalized-and-non-hospitalized-subjects
#1
J N Vieira, A M Feijó, M E Bueno, C L Gonçalves, R G Lund, J F Mendes, J P V Villarreal, M M Villela, P S Nascente
The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of Candida species between a non-hospitalized and a hospitalized population. For this purpose, samples of saliva were sampled through sterile swabs, moistened in peptone water and rubbed in the oral cavity of 140 individuals, from which, 70 were hospitalized patients from the Medical Clinic of a Teaching Hospital and the other 70 were non-hospitalized subjects. All saliva samples were plated in Sabouraud Dextrose agar added with Chloramphenicol and incubated at 36 °C for 48 hours...
February 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449791/influence-of-acute-consumption-of-caffeine-vs-placebo-over-bia-derived-measurements-of-body-composition-a-randomized-double-blind-crossover-design
#2
Cassie M Williamson, Brett S Nickerson, Emily E Bechke, Cherilyn N McLester, Brian M Kliszczewicz
Background: Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is often used to estimate total body water (TBW), intracellular body water (ICW), extracellular body water (ECW), and body fat percentage (BF%). A common restriction for BIA analysis is abstinence from caffeine 12-h prior to testing. However, research has yet to determine whether the consumption of caffeine influences BIA testing results. The purpose of this study was to determine if the consumption of caffeine influences BIA-derived BF% and body water values in habitual caffeine users...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449074/onychomycosis-due-to-dermatophytes-species-in-iran-prevalence-rates-causative-agents-predisposing-factors-and-diagnosis-based-on-microscopic-morphometric-findings
#3
M Babayani, S Salari, S J Hashemi, P Ghasemi Nejad Almani, A Fattahi
OBJECTIVE: Onychomycosis (OM) or fungal nail infection is one of the most common fungal infections, which is increasingly prevalent. OM is caused by dermatophytes spp, yeasts and non-dermatophyte moulds (NDMs). The purpose of this study was to identify and determine the prevalence rates, predisposing factors and causative agents of OM using clinical symptoms and microscopic morphometric findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, 180 patients suspected of OM were evaluated by direct microscopy using KOH 20%, culturing in Mycosel and Sabouraud dextrose agar media and Olysia software for identifying the causative fungi of OM...
February 12, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447227/probiotic-effect-of-pichia-pastoris-x-33-produced-in-parboiled-rice-effluent-and-ypd-medium-on-broiler-chickens
#4
Diego Gil de Los Santos, João Rodrigo Gil de Los Santos, Carlos Gil-Turnes, Giana Gaboardi, Luiza Fernandes Silva, Rodrigo França, Cristina Gevehr Fernandes, Fabricio Rochedo Conceição
In a previous paper we showed that the yeast Pichia pastoris X-33 grown in parboiled rice effluent supplemented with glycerol byproduct from the biodiesel industry improved the quality of the effluent. In this paper we show the validation of this yeast (PPE) as probiotic for broilers. Its effect on feed efficiency and immunomodulation was compared with the same yeast grown in yeast peptone dextrose medium (PPY), with Saccharomyces boulardii (SBY) and with the controls fed unsupplemented feed (CON). One-day-old female chicks were vaccinated against infectious bursal disease (IBD) and the titers of anti-IBD antibodies were measured by ELISA...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439593/bleeding-risks-in-patients-on-percutaneous-ventricular-assist-devices-receiving-two-different-dextrose-concentrations-of-heparinized-purge-solution-a-case-series
#5
Jenna N Dietrich, Hasan Kazmi
BACKGROUND: The Impella manufacturer has changed its recommendation for the diluent of the heparinized purge solution from 20% dextrose (D20) to 5% dextrose (D5). This reduced viscosity may result in increased purge solution infusion rates and unfractionated heparin (UFH) exposure. Increased UFH exposure could potentially cause increased bleeding events and may necessitate reduction in UFH concentration in the purge solution. Our objective was to evaluate anticoagulation for patients on Impella pumps receiving heparinized purge solution with D20 or D5 diluents...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438949/biosorption-of-heavy-metals-by-obligate-halophilic-fungi
#6
Amna Bano, Javaid Hussain, Ali Akbar, Khalid Mehmood, Muhammad Anwar, Muhammad Sharif Hasni, Sami Ullah, Sumbal Sajid, Imran Ali
The presence of heavy metals in the environment poses a serious threat to human health. Remediation of this problem using microorganisms has been widely researched to find a sustainable solution. Obligate halophilic fungi comprising Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus gracilis, Aspergillus penicillioides (sp. 1), Aspergillus penicillioides (sp. 2), Aspergillus restrictus and Sterigmatomyces halophilus were used for the biosorption of cadmium, copper, ferrous, manganese, lead and zinc. The metals were supplemented as salts in potato dextrose broth for the growth of obligate halophilic fungi and incubated for 14 days...
February 8, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437908/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-nicu-transfers-for-neonates-at-risk-for-hypoglycemia
#7
Sherry LeBlanc, Jamie Haushalter, Carl Seashore, Karen S Wood, Michael J Steiner, Ashley G Sutton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neonatal hypoglycemia is a common problem, often requiring management in the NICU. Nonpharmacologic interventions, including early breastfeeding and skin-to-skin care (SSC), may prevent hypoglycemia and the need to escalate care. Our objective was to maintain mother-infant dyads in the mother-infant unit by decreasing hypoglycemia resulting in NICU transfer. METHODS: Inborn infants ≥35 weeks' gestation with at least 1 risk factor for hypoglycemia were included...
February 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436744/long-term-use-of-mixed-oil-lipid-emulsion-in-adult-home-parenteral-nutrition-patients-a-case-series
#8
Manpreet S Mundi, Megan T McMahon, Jennifer J Carnell, Ryan T Hurt
BACKGROUND: Despite providing significant benefits, home parenteral nutrition (HPN) can be associated with complications such as infections, intestinal failure-associated liver disease, and metabolic abnormalities. Soybean oil (SO)-based intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been noted to contribute to some of these complications, leading to the development of alternative sources of ILE. Mixed-oil (MO) ILE has recently been approved for use in adults with short-term studies revealing a benefit over SO ILE...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433291/stability-of-lime-essential-oil-microparticles-produced-with-protein-carbohydrate-blends
#9
Pedro Henrique Campelo, Edgar Aparecido Sanches, Regiane Victória de Barros Fernandes, Diego Alvarenga Botrel, Soraia Vilela Borges
The objective of this work was to analyze the influence of maltodextrin equivalent dextrose on the lime essential oil reconstitution, storage, release and protection properties. Four treatments were evaluated: whey protein concentrate (WPC), and blends of maltodextrin with dextrose equivalents of 5 (WM5), 10 (WM10) and 20 (WM20). The reconstitution and storage properties of the microparticles (solubility, wettability and density), water kinetics adsorption, sorption isotherms, thermogravimetric properties, controlled release and degradation kinetics of encapsulated lime essential oil were studied to measure the quality of the encapsulated materials...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416455/fluid-choice-during-perioperative-care-in-children-a-survey-of-present-day-proposing-practice-by-anesthesiologists-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#10
Muhammad Faisal Khan, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui, Muhammad Ali Asghar
Background: Perioperative fluid therapy in pediatrics has always been a challenging avenue for anesthesiologists. Inappropriate choice of fluid leads to multiple side effects, for instance iatrogenic hyponatremia. Our aim was to observe the current practice of perioperative fluid therapy in pediatric population undergoing surgery in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: After obtaining approval from the Departmental Research Review Committee, a survey form including questions was emailed to anesthesiologists from January 2015 to June 2015...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416235/the-effect-of-intravenous-infusion-of-n-acetyl-cysteine-in-cirrhotic-patients-undergoing-liver-resection-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Eman Sayed, Khaled Gaballah, Eman Younis, Khaled Yassen, Abo K El-Einen
Background and Aims: Liver resection can lead to hepatocellular dysfunction. The aim was to evaluate the effect of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on liver enzymes (alanine aminotransferase [ALT] and aspartate aminotransferase [AST]), international normalized ratio (INR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM 1) in cirrhotic patients undergoing liver resection. Material and Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT), Pan African Clinical Trial registry (PACTR201508001251260)...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405037/osmotic-therapies-added-to-antibiotics-for-acute-bacterial-meningitis
#12
REVIEW
Emma Cb Wall, Katherine Mb Ajdukiewicz, Hanna Bergman, Robert S Heyderman, Paul Garner
BACKGROUND: Every day children and adults die from acute community-acquired bacterial meningitis, particularly in low-income countries, and survivors risk deafness, epilepsy and neurological disabilities. Osmotic therapies may attract extra-vascular fluid and reduce cerebral oedema, and thus reduce death and improve neurological outcomes.This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of osmotic therapies added to antibiotics for acute bacterial meningitis in children and adults on mortality, deafness and neurological disability...
February 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404485/increased-ethanol-inducible-cytochrome-p450-2e1-and-cytochrome-p450-isoforms-in-exosomes-of-alcohol-exposed-rodents-and-patients-with-alcoholism-through-oxidative-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#13
Young-Eun Cho, Esteban Mezey, James P Hardwick, Norman Salem, Dahn L Clemens, Byoung-Joon Song
This study investigated the role of ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450-2E1 (CYP2E1) in enhancing CYP2E1 and other P450 proteins in extracellular vesicles (EVs) from alcohol-exposed rodents and human patients with alcoholism and their effects on oxidative hepatocyte injury. Female Fischer rats and wild-type or Cyp2e1-null mice were exposed to three oral doses of binge ethanol or dextrose control at 12-hour intervals. Plasma EV and hepatic proteins from alcohol-exposed rodents, patients with alcoholism, and their respective controls were isolated and characterized...
September 2017: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403602/comparative-effectiveness-of-intra-articular-prolotherapy-versus-peri-articular-prolotherapy-on-pain-reduction-and-improving-function-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Hamid Reza Farpour, Farzane Fereydooni
Background: Osteoarthritis is a common degenerative disease. Prolotherapy is an alternative therapy used in multiple musculoskeletal disorders. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of intra-articular dextrose injection versus peri-articular prolotherapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Methods: Fifty-two adults with painful primary knee osteoarthritis for at least three months were randomized to intra- and peri-articular injection groups...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402620/monitoring-of-mycoflora-in-outdoor-air-of-different-localities-of-ahvaz-iran
#15
M Fatahinia, A Zarei-Mahmoudabadi, H Shokri, H Ghaymi
INTRODUCTION: Airborne fungi are considered important causes of respiratory allergy and diseases. The knowledge of these fungi in a city or region is important for the ecological diagnosis and specific treatment of respiratory manifestations induced by inhalation of fungal agents. Therefore, in recent years bioaerosols and their density in the air is highly regarded. Identifying fungi with common mycological methods as well as molecular about 5% of people are prone to allergic symptoms of the respiratory tract caused by molds during their lives...
February 2, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397808/intentional-overdose-of-liraglutide-in-a-non-diabetic-patient-causing-severe-hypoglycemia
#16
Kevin J Solverson, Holly Lee, Christopher J Doig
Cases of liraglutide overdose are rare in the literature. Prior reports have not found hypoglycemia related to the medication overdose. We describe a case of a non-diabetic patient who intentionally overdosed on liraglutide leading to severe hypoglycemia. The patient required admission to the intensive care unit for a dextrose infusion and close monitoring. Glucagon-like protein-1 agonists are recognized for their safety and rarely causing hypoglycemia in diabetic patients. However, in this case the patient's non-diabetic status may have put him at risk for hypoglycemia in contrast to prior cases showing no hypoglycemia in diabetic patients...
February 5, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396029/prenatal-treatment-of-ornithine-transcarbamylase-deficiency
#17
Yael Wilnai, Yair J Blumenfeld, Kristina Cusmano, Susan R Hintz, Deborah Alcorn, William E Benitz, William E Berquist, Jonathan A Bernstein, Ricardo O Castillo, Waldo Concepcion, Tina M Cowan, Kenneth L Cox, Deirdre J Lyell, Carlos O Esquivel, Margaret Homeyer, Louanne Hudgins, Melissa Hurwitz, Jonathan P Palma, Susan Schelley, Vishnu Priya Akula, Marshall L Summar, Gregory M Enns
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Patients with neonatal urea cycle defects (UCDs) typically experience severe hyperammonemia during the first days of life, which results in serious neurological injury or death. Long-term prognosis despite optimal pharmacological and dietary therapy is still poor. The combination of intravenous sodium phenylacetate and sodium benzoate (Ammonul®) can eliminate nitrogen waste independent of the urea cycle. We report attempts to improve outcomes for males with severe ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD), a severe X-linked condition, via prenatal intravenous administration of Ammonul and arginine to heterozygous carrier females of OTCD during labor...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392744/international-survey-on-high-and-low-dose-synacthen-test-and-assessment-of-accuracy-in-preparing-low-dose-synacthen
#18
Alexandra S Cross, E Helen Kemp, Anne White, Leanne Walker, Suzanne Meredith, Pooja Sachdev, Nils P Krone, Richard J Ross, Neil P Wright, Charlotte J Elder
OBJECTIVE: The short synacthen test (SST) is widely used to assess patients for adrenal insufficiency but the frequency and protocols used across different centres for the low-dose test (LDT) are unknown. This study aimed to survey centres and test the accuracy of ten different synacthen preparation strategies used for the LDT. METHODS: Members of six international endocrine societies were surveyed regarding diagnostic tests used for adrenal insufficiency, and in particular the SST...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389609/shrinkage-and-porosity-evolution-during-air-drying-of-non-cellular-food-systems-experimental-data-versus-mathematical-modelling
#19
Thanh Khuong Nguyen, Seddik Khalloufi, Martin Mondor, Cristina Ratti
In the present work, the impact of glass transition on shrinkage of non-cellular food systems (NCFS) during air-drying will be assessed from experimental data and the interpretation of a 'shrinkage' function involved in a mathematical model. Two NCFS made from a mixture of water/maltodextrin/agar (w/w/w: 1/0.15/0.015) were created out of maltodextrins with dextrose equivalent 19 (MD19) or 36 (MD36). The NCFS made with MD19 had 30°C higher Tg than those with MD36. This information indicated that, during drying, the NCFS with MD19 would pass from rubbery to glassy state sooner than NCFS MD36, for which glass transition only happens close to the end of drying...
January 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388315/microbiological-survey-of-commercial-tattoo-and-permanent-makeup-inks-available-in-the-united-states
#20
S Nho, S-J Kim, O Kweon, P C Howard, M S Moon, N K Sadrieh, C E Cerniglia
AIMS: Tattooing and use of permanent makeup (PMU) has dramatically increased over the last decade, with a concomitant increase in ink-related infections. The aim of this study was to determine whether microorganisms are present, and if so, the number and their identification, in the commercial tattoo and PMU inks available in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: We surveyed 85 unopened tattoo and PMU inks, purchased from 13 companies. We incubated 100 μL of ink samples on trypticase soy agar plates for bacterial growth, 7H10 Middlebrook medium for mycobacterial growth, and Sabouraud dextrose medium for fungal growth...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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