Read by QxMD icon Read


Jacques Klein, Arachk de Górski, Daniel Benamran, Jean-Paul Vallee, Thomas De Perrot, Gregory J Wirth, Christophe E Iselin
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to evaluate 3 different modalities of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsies (PBs; 2D-, 3D- and targeted 3D-TRUS with fusion to MRI - T3D). Primary end point was the detection rate of prostate cancer (PC). Secondary end point was the detection rate of insignificant PC according to the Epstein criteria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Inclusion of 284 subsequent patients who underwent 2D-, 3D- or T3D PB from 2011 to 2015. All patients having PB for initial PC detection with a serum prostate-specific antigen value ≤20 ng/ml were included...
October 27, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
Saurabh Zanwar, Vikas Ostwal, Arvind Sahu, Deepak Jain, Anant Ramaswamy, Avanish Saklani, Mukta Ramadwar, Nitin Shetty, Shailesh V Shrikande
INTRODUCTION: There is scarce data relating to methods to improve sphincter preservation in rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Increasing the duration of neoadjuvant (NA) imatinib resulting in improved sphincter preservation rate has not been established. This retrospective analysis looks at the rates of sphincter preservation in rectal GIST with NA imatinib and effect of duration of NA imatinib on the same to find out optimum duration of NA with respect to sphincter preservation in rectal GIST patients...
October 26, 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Ryo Takaji, Shunro Matsumoto, Maki Kiyonaga, Yasunari Yamada, Hiromu Mori, Yukio Iwashita, Masayuki Ohta, Masafumi Inomata, Naoki Hijiya, Masatsugu Moriyama, Hajime Takaki, Kengo Fukuzawa, Hirotoshi Yonemasu
OBJECTIVES: Periportal low attenuation (PPLA) associated with metastatic liver cancer is occasionally seen on multi-detector-row CT (MDCT). The purpose of this study was to investigate the MDCT patterns of the PPLA and to correlate it with pathological findings. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the MDCT images of 63 patients with metastatic liver cancers from colorectal adenocarcinoma. On MDCT scans, PPLA associated with liver metastasis was visualized in six patients with colorectal cancer...
October 25, 2016: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Stefan Aufderklamm, Martin Vaegler, Alexandra Kelp, Sabine Maurer, Leon Gustafsson, Jens Mundhenk, Silke Busch, Lisa Daum, Arnulf Stenzl, Bastian Amend, Karl-Dietrich Sievert
PURPOSE: Urethral strictures are a common disease of the lower urinary tract in men. At present, the use of buccal mucosa is the method of choice for long or recurrent strictures. However, autologous tissue-engineered grafts are still under investigation for reconstructive urological surgery. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the use of human urothelial cells (HUC) seeded on bovine collagen type I-based cell carriers (CCC) in an animal model and to evaluate short-term outcome of the surgical procedure...
October 25, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Koray Akkan, Erhan Ilgit, Baran Onal, Emetullah Cindil, Evsen Polattas Solak, Fatih Oncu, Dilan Ece Geylan
BACKGROUND: The treatment strategy and the correct incidence of near occlusion (NO) of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is still controversial. In routine radiological imaging NO can easily be misdiagnosed as complete occlusion and there is no consensus on the standard treatment strategy. PURPOSE: To present our perioperative and long-term follow-up results of ICA NO patients treated with carotid artery stenting (CAS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2004-2014 a total of 182 patients with ICA NO were evaluated for CAS...
October 25, 2016: Clinical Neuroradiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Pediatric Radiology
C Schulz, U M Mauer, R Mathieu
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) has become a standard procedure for patients with spondylotic myelopathy due to multisegmental stenosis of the cervical canal. In addition to the fusion technique using autogenous bone grafts and titanium implants, synthetic polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages have been used increasingly during the last years. However, limited evidence on the clinical and radiological results of PEEK cages for ACCF exists in the literature. The study presented here is the largest series to date reporting clinical and radiological outcome as well as complication rates after one to three-level ACCF using PEEK cages augmented by an anterior plate-screw osteosynthesis...
October 25, 2016: Der Orthopäde
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Suavi Aydoğmuş, Tahir Mutlu Duymuş, Tolga Keçeci, Levent Adiyeke, Adnan B Kafadar
: Reports on different types of surgical procedures show that night-time surgeries are often associated with a high number of complications than daytime surgeries. However, there are no data, and hence evidence that relate the outcome of supracondylar humeral fractures in children to the time of the day when the respective surgical procedure is implemented. In this study, we analyze the clinical and radiological outcomes of pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures surgically treated during daytime and night-time hours...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Vivek S Chawathe, Anil K Gaur, Badrinath D Athani, Shefali Gupta
A 14-year-old boy reported with congenital deformity of the left lower limb, with gross shortening, hip and knee flexion deformities, ankle with equinus deformity, and polydactyly of the left foot. Radiologic examination showed proximal femoral focal deficiency, double fibula, and duplication of the tarsal bones, and a diagnosis of 'proximal femoral focal deficiency associated with fibular duplication and diplopodia with complete agenesis of tibia' was made. Such association of deformities is very rare and poses difficulties in rehabilitation of the case...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Alexander Pfeil, Laura Krojniak, Diane M Renz, Lisa Reinhardt, Marcus Franz, Peter Oelzner, Gunter Wolf, Joachim Böttcher
BACKGROUND: BoneXpert (BX) is a newly developed medical device based on digital X-ray radiogrammetry to measure human cortical bone thickness. The aim of this study was to quantify cortical bone loss of the metacarpals in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and compare these findings with other radiological scoring methods. METHODS: The study includes 104 patients with verified PsA. The BX method was used to measure the Metacarpal Index (MCI) at the metacarpal bones (II-IV)...
October 25, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Steven Michiels, Antoine D'Hollander, Nicolas Lammens, Mathias Kersemans, Guozhi Zhang, Jean-Marc Denis, Kenneth Poels, Edmond Sterpin, Sandra Nuyts, Karin Haustermans, Tom Depuydt
PURPOSE: 3D printing technology is investigated for the purpose of patient immobilization during proton therapy. It potentially enables a merge of patient immobilization, bolus range shifting, and other functions into one single patient-specific structure. In this first step, a set of 3D printed materials is characterized in detail, in terms of structural and radiological properties, elemental composition, directional dependence, and structural changes induced by radiation damage. These data will serve as inputs for the design of 3D printed immobilization structure prototypes...
October 2016: Medical Physics
Antonio González-López, Pedro Antonio Campos-Morcillo, José Domingo Lago-Martín
PURPOSE: Line-pair resolution phantoms are used to determine the spatial resolution of medical imaging systems. In some cases, these phantoms are used to determine the maximum number of line-pairs per mm that the system can resolve. In other cases, a numerical determination of the modulation transfer function (MTF) is carried out by means of the analysis of the variance of ROIs on the image. In this note, a new procedure is implemented to calculate the presampled MTF of an imaging system...
October 2016: Medical Physics
R Claeys, M Walsdorff, S Pargov, R Matasa, R Duttmann, M Cannie
Non-traumatic wrist pain remains a diagnostic challenge. An accurate diagnosis is crucial in order to choose the appropriate treatment. We report the case of a 23-year-old female with a four-month history of mainly nocturnal wrist pain. There was no history of trauma or prior surgery. Radiographs and CT scans showed a lytic lesion with central nidus and sclerotic margins in the pisiform bone. Bone scan showed increased uptake in the pisiform bone. The diagnosis of osteoid osteoma was confirmed by histopathological analysis after complete surgical resection...
September 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
C Agout, L Ardouin, P Bellemère
Surgical management of carpometacarpal osteoarthritis may use many techniques. Pi2 (pyrocarbon interposition implant) arthroplasty is one possible solution after total trapeziectomy. The present study assessed clinical and radiological results in Pi2 arthroplasty at a minimum 10years' follow-up. Forty-two consecutive cases underwent surgery between March 2003 and April 2005; 29 were followed up for a mean of 125.49months (10.5years). A total of 96.6% of patients were very satisfied or satisfied. Range of motion improved, especially in opposition (mean Kapandji score, 9...
September 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Mathew George, John Amodio, Haesoon Lee
Subpleural lung cysts (SPC) are seen in children with Down syndrome (DS). The incidence and the long term course of these lesions are not known. It is important for pediatricians and pediatric radiologists to be aware of these lung lesions since the DS patients' longevity has increased and they have greater frequency to encounter the clinicians. Autopsy and the radiology series have shown that these lesions are often found in association with congenital heart disease, particularly the endocardial cushion defect and prematurity...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Giovanni Di Nardo, Valentino Valentini, Diletta Angeletti, Simone Frediani, Giannicola Iannella, Denis Cozzi, Mario Roggini, Giuseppe Magliulo
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the case of a 3-year-old girl with a history of complicated surgery for removing a third branchial cleft fistula. METHODS: An endoscopic approach using N-butyl-2-acrylate and metacrilosisolfolane glue (GLUBRAN 2) to seal the fistula was performed. RESULTS: The clinical and radiological 6-year follow-up confirmed the absence of the fistulous orifice and the persistence of scar due to previous open-neck surgical procedures...
2016: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
Srinivas M Naren Satya, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, V N Amogh, B V Balakrishna, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha
BACKGROUND: Cysticercosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larval stages of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. The subcutaneous form of the disease is a relatively rare clinical entity. Despite its rarity, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of this subcutaneous form of the disease and its various radiological patterns while evaluating any subcutaneous swelling. In this paper, we aimed to describe a typical case of 'subcutaneous cysticercosis involving the left anterior chest wall' with high resolution ultrasound findings...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Navneet Singla, Ashish Aggarwal, Sameer Vyas, Ankur Sanghvi, Pravin Salunke, Ravi Garg
BACKGROUND: A sudden onset of neurological symptoms in patients is conventionally thought to be due to vascular phenomenon, with one common differential diagnosis being subarachnoid hemorrhage. Another important differential diagnosis is ischemic stroke. An uncommon cause of such acute symptoms can be hemorrhage in a pre-existing tumor, that is, intratumoral hemorrhage (ITH). PURPOSE: ITH is an important, though uncommon differential diagnosis in cases of sudden onset of neurological deterioration...
October 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
Philipp Mittmann, Ingo Todt, Arneborg Ernst, Grit Rademacher, Sven Mutze, Sophia Göricke, Marc Schlamann, Stephan Lang, Diana Arweiler-Harbeck, Florian Christov
OBJECTIVES: An intraoperative neural response telemetry-ratio (NRT-ratio) was established, which can provide information about the intraoperative intracochlear electrode array position for perimodiolar electrodes. METHODS: In a retrospective controlled study in 2 tertiary referral centers, the electrophysiological data sets of 50 patients with measured intraoperative auto-NRTs and postoperative radiological examinations were evaluated. All patients were implanted with Nucleus slim straight electrodes...
October 25, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"