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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527397/mri-surveillance-for-women-with-dense-breasts-and-a-previous-breast-cancer-and-or-high-risk-lesion
#1
Michelle Nadler, Hyder Al-Attar, Ellen Warner, Anne L Martel, Sharmila Balasingham, Liying Zhang, Joseph H Lipton, Belinda Curpen
BACKGROUND: The role of surveillance breast MRI for women with mammographically dense breasts, a personal history of breast cancer (BC), atypical hyperplasia (AH), or lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is unclear. We estimated the performance of annual surveillance MRI in women with a combination of these risk factors. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the clinical, radiological, and pathological parameters of women who received annual concurrent surveillance breast MRI and mammography between 04/2013 and 12/2015 and fulfilled all of the following criteria: 1) age <70; 2) prior diagnosis of AH, LCIS or BC; 3) heterogeneously or extremely dense breast(s); and 4) did not qualify for our provincial breast MRI high risk screening program...
May 17, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527289/-characterization-of-patients-with-skeletal-genetic-diseases-in-a-colombian-referral-center
#2
Harvy Mauricio Velasco, Lina Patricia Buelvas
INTRODUCTION: Short height in Colombia has an estimated prevalence of 10%. The 2009 Nosology and Classification of Skeletal Genetic Diseases described 456 clinical conditions using biochemical, molecular and radiological criteria for diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To analyze demographic, epidemiological and clinical variables in a group of patients with skeletal genetic diseases referred to the Instituto de Ortopedia Infantil Roosevelt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients referred between 2008 and 2014 were analyzed filtering 167 diagnoses of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD 10), related to skeletal genetic diseases...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527168/headcheese-sign-a-useful-radiological-marker
#3
Rathindranath Sarkar, Rudrajit Paul, Rajesh Pandey, Indranil Thakur, Angan Karmakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527052/action-mechanisms-of-onabotulinum-toxin-a-hints-for-selection-of-eligible-patients
#4
Carlo Lovati, Luca Giani
In the past few decades, the so-feared botulinum toxin has conversely acquired the role of a ever more versatile therapeutic substance, used in an increasing number of pathological situations, including chronic headache and more precisely in the prophylaxis of chronic migraine. The medical use of botulinum toxin allowed to better understand its multiple mechanisms of action. Investigations about the pathophysiology of primary and secondary headaches has shown a series of common biological elements that frequently are also targets of the action of botulinum toxin...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527024/cars-2017-computer-assisted-radiology-and-surgery-proceedings-of-the-31st-international-congress-and-exhibition-barcelona-spain-june-20-24-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526949/antemortem-identification-by-fusion-of-mr-and-ct-of-the-paranasal-sinuses
#6
Jakob Heimer, Dominic Gascho, Simon Gentile, Gary M Hatch, Michael J Thali, Thomas D Ruder
Radiologic forensic identification is usually performed by comparing antemortem and postmortem radiographs. While computed tomography (CT) has become a valuable addition to radiologic identification, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has only rarely been used for this purpose. In our case, identification was accomplished using fused MR- and CT images in a survivor of a gunshot injury to the head. This case supports and highlights the possibility to perform intermodality radiologic identification comparing preexisting MR imaging to subsequently aquired CT data in living (or deceased) humans as long as manual modifications of windowing, color and contrast enable differentiation of the two modalities in the fused image...
May 20, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526811/proteomic-analysis-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-from-children-with-central-nervous-system-tumors-identifies-candidate-proteins-relating-to-tumor-metastatic-spread
#7
Filippo Spreafico, Italia Bongarzone, Sara Pizzamiglio, Ruben Magni, Elena Taverna, Maida De Bortoli, Chiara M Ciniselli, Elena Barzanò, Veronica Biassoni, Alessandra Luchini, Lance A Liotta, Weidong Zhou, Michele Signore, Paolo Verderio, Maura Massimino
Central nervous system (CNS) tumors are the most common solid tumors in childhood. Since the sensitivity of combined cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and radiological neuroimaging in detecting meningeal metastases remains relatively low, we sought to characterize the CSF proteome of patients with CSF tumors to identify biomarkers predictive of metastatic spread. CSF samples from 27 children with brain tumors and 13 controls (extra-CNS non-Hodgkin lymphoma) were processed using core-shell hydrogel nanoparticles, and analyzed with reverse-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
May 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526643/radiological-study-of-the-carotid-clival-window-and-its-application-in-endoscopic-endonasal-expanded-approaches
#8
Laila Pérez de San Román, Juan Antonio Simal, Pablo Miranda, Pablo Sanromán, Carlos Botella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526640/zero-profile-spacer-versus-cage-plate-construct-in-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-for-multilevel-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Min-Ji Tong, Guang-Heng Xiang, Zi-Li He, De-Heng Chen, Qian Tang, Hua-Zi Xu, Nai-Feng Tian
BACKGROUD: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with plate-screw construct has been gradually applied for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) in recent years. However, long cervical plate was associated with complications including breakage or loosening of plate and screws, trachea-esophageal injury, neurovascular injury, and postoperative dysphagia. To reduce these complications, the zero-profile spacer has been introduced. This meta-analysis was performed to compared the clinical and radiological outcomes of zero-profile spacer versus cage-plate construct for the treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy...
May 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526609/effects-of-l-dopa-benserazide-co-treatment-on-colonic-excitatory-cholinergic-motility-and-enteric-inflammation-following-dopaminergic-nigrostriatal-neurodegeneration
#10
C Pellegrini, L Antonioli, R Colucci, E Tirotta, D Gentile, C Ippolito, C Segnani, G Levandis, S Cerri, R F Blandini, E Barocelli, V Ballabeni, N Bernardini, C Blandizzi, M Fornai
INTRODUCTION: The mainstay therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD) relies on L-3,4- dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) plus a DOPA-decarboxylase inhibitor. However, their effects on colonic dysmotility and inflammation observed in PD are undetermined. This study examined the effects of L-DOPA plus benserazide (BE) on colonic motility and inflammation in rats with central nigrostriatal dopaminergic denervation. METHODS: Neurodegeneration was induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) injection into the median forebrain bundle (MFB)...
May 16, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526513/a-leadership-intervention-to-further-the-training-of-female-faculty-lift-off-in-radiology
#11
Lucy B Spalluto, Stephanie E Spottswood, Lori A Deitte, Alexander Chern, Charlene M Dewey
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Women are under-represented in the field of radiology, occupy a minority of leadership positions, and, at our institution, have not achieved the same level of academic success as their male counterparts. Consequently, the authors designed, implemented, and evaluated the Leadership Intervention to Further the Training of Female Faculty (LIFT-OFF) program to (1) improve access to opportunities for women's faculty development and advancement, and (2) improve clarification of expectations about the role and path of advancement...
March 24, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526512/privacy-trainee-rights-and-accountability-in-radiology-education
#12
REVIEW
Cory M Pfeifer
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Academic radiologists commonly hold multiple simultaneous roles within the landscape of physician training. This paper analyzes theoretical scenarios describing relationships between medical students, residents, and physician educators in radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The scenarios presented involve medical student supervision, radiology resident recruitment, and resident termination with respect to relevant ethical, regulatory, and legal considerations...
March 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526422/temporary-ipsilateral-stiff-shoulder-after-operative-fixation-of-distal-radial-fractures
#13
Soo Min Cha, Hyun Dae Shin, Sung Jin Hwang
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify variables affecting the development of temporary stiff shoulder after operative fixation for distal radial fractures (DRF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed 167 patients who had undergone internal fixation using volar locking plate for DRF between 2010 and 2013. Group 1 was denoted as the "normal group," and group 2 was denoted as the "stiff shoulder group." Basic demographic factors evaluated included age, sex, bone mineral density (BMD), and the dominancy...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526309/antimicrobial-stewardship-for-hospitalized-patients-with-viral-respiratory-tract-infections
#14
Christopher F Lowe, Michael Payne, David Puddicombe, Allison Mah, Davie Wong, Allison Kirkwood, Mark W Hull, Victor Leung
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to implement a targeted antimicrobial stewardship intervention for patients with a viral respiratory tract infection. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental before and after audit and feedback intervention of adult inpatients with a positive polymerase chain reaction for a respiratory virus in 2 acute care hospitals in Vancouver, Canada. Audit and feedback was implemented based on 2 criteria: microbiology (no positive bacterial cultures) and chest imaging (absence of pneumonia or consolidation on radiology dictation)...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526236/management-of-severe-valgus-knee-by-total-unconstrained-arthroplasty-a-comparative-study-with-long-term-follow-up
#15
X Paredes-Carnero, A B Fernández-Cortiñas, J Escobar, J M Galdo, J G Babé
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of unconstrained implants in the correction of large valgus deformities using total knee arthroplasty (TKA). MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 817 primary TKA operated between 1998 and 2006 were retrospectively assessed. 50 TKA were selected (group A) in 49 patients, with a minimum deformity of 15° of valgus, 41 cases were included. Another 50 ATR were selected (group B), with a maximum deformity of 15° of varus, finally including 44 cases in 42 patients...
May 16, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525493/influence-of-myelography-and-postmyelographic-ct-on-therapeutic-decisions-in-degenerative-diseases-of-the-cervical-spine
#16
Thomas Westermaier, Christina Doerr, Christian Stetter, Thomas Linsenmann, Stefan Koehler, Joerg Eriskat, Laszlo Solymosi, Ralf-Ingo Ernestus
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical records and radiologic imaging by 3 independent reviewers to assess the indication for surgical treatment with and without myelography and postmyelographic computed tomography (MCT). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether myelography and MCT obtained in addition to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) influence therapeutic decisions in degenerative diseases of the cervical spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MRI has become the standard examination in spinal diseases...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525492/degenerative-cervical-disc-disease-long-term-changes-in-sagittal-alignment-and-their-clinical-implications-after-cervical-interbody-fusion-cage-subsidence-a-prospective-study-with-standalone-lordotic-tantalum-cages
#17
Félix Tomé-Bermejo, Julián A Morales-Valencia, Javier Moreno-Pérez, Juan Marfil-Pérez, Elena Díaz-Dominguez, Angel R Piñera, Luis Alvarez
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study of prospectively collected outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term clinical course of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with interbody fusion cages (ACDF-IFC) with lordotic tantalum implants and to correlate the radiologic findings with the clinical outcomes, with special emphasis on the significance and the influence of implant subsidence. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cage subsidence is the most frequently reported complication after ACDF-IFC...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525488/artificial-disk-replacement-combined-with-fusion-versus-2-level-fusion-in-cervical-2-level-disk-disease-with-a-5-year-follow-up
#18
Gyu Yeul Ji, Chang Hyun Oh, Dong Ah Shin, Yoon Ha, Seong Yi, Keung Nyun Kim, Hyun Cheol Shin, Do Heum Yoon
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of hybrid surgery (HS) and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (2-ACDF) in patients with 2-level cervical disk disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In a previous study with a 2-year follow-up, HS was shown to be superior to 2-ACDF, with a better Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 range of motion (ROM) recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525478/a-radiographic-analysis-of-cervical-sagittal-alignment-in-adolescent-idiopathic-cervical-kyphosis
#19
Xiao-Long Shen, Ye Tian, Xu-Hui Zhou, Dong Ren, Peng Cao, Wen Yuan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the radiologic features of adolescent idiopathic cervical kyphosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There are few previous reports about radiographic analysis of cervical sagittal alignment of adolescent idiopathic cervical kyphosis. A new method was proposed in this article to evaluate the severity of cervical kyphosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 41 adolescent patients with cervical kyphosis were reviewed...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525475/a-comparison-of-multilevel-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-corpectomy-in-patients-with-4-level-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up-study-multilevel-anterior-cervical-discectomy
#20
Zhonghai Li, Jiancheng Huang, Zhizhong Zhang, Fengning Li, Tiesheng Hou, Shuxun Hou
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical series. OBJECTIVES: To compare perioperative parameters, clinical outcomes, radiographic parameters, and complication rates of segmental anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (sACCF) plus preservation of middle vertebrae with those of multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (mACDF) in 70 patients with 4-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). METHODS: Between July 2006 and May 2011, 70 consecutive patients [49 males and 21 females; mean age 56...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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