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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446045/effects-of-extracellular-orotic-acid-on-acute-contraction-induced-adaptation-patterns-in-c2c12-cells
#1
Thomas Beiter, Jens Hudemann, Christof Burgstahler, Andreas M Nieß, Barbara Munz
Dietary administration of orotic acid (OA), an intermediate in the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway, is considered to provide a wide range of beneficial effects, including cardioprotection and exercise adaptation. Its mechanisms of action, when applied extracellularly, however, are barely understood. In this study, we evaluated potential effects of OA on skeletal muscle using an in vitro contraction model of electrically pulse-stimulated (EPS) C2C12 myotubes. By analyzing a subset of genes representing inflammatory, metabolic, and structural adaptation pathways, we could show that OA supplementation diminishes the EPS-provoked expression of inflammatory transcripts (interleukin 6, Il6; chemokine (C-X-C Motif) ligand 5, Cxcl5), and attenuated transcript levels of nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A member 3 (Nr4A3), early growth response 1 (Egr1), activating transcription factor 3 (Atf3), and fast-oxidative MyHC-IIA isoform (Myh2)...
February 14, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427323/androgen-receptor-dampens-tissue-factor-expression-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-egr1
#2
Bastian Hoesel, Marion Mussbacher, Burak Dikorman, Manuel Salzmann, Alice Assinger, Lena Hell, Johannes Thaler, José Basílio, Bernhard Moser, Ulrike Resch, Hannah Paar, Nigel Mackman, Johannes A Schmid
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in men. Advanced prostate cancer is usually treated by androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), which aims at diminishing circulating testosterone to reduce cancer growth. There is growing evidence that ADT can increase the rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in prostate cancer patients. The tissue factor (TF) gene is one of the most important mediators of coagulation and VTE, but so far there is limited data on androgen receptor (AR) mediated TF gene expression...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408990/leydig-cell-genes-change-their-expression-and-association-with-polysomes-in-a-stage-specific-manner-in-the-adult-mouse-testis
#3
Estela J Jauregui, Debra Mitchell, Savanna M Garza, Traci Topping, Cathryn A Hogarth, Michael D Griswold
Spermatogenesis in mammals occurs in a very highly organized manner within the seminiferous epithelium regulated by different cell types in the testis. Testosterone produced by Leydig cells regulates blood-testis barrier formation, meiosis, spermiogenesis, and spermiation. However, it is unknown whether Leydig cell function changes with the different stages of the seminiferous epithelium. This study utilized the WIN 18,446 and retinoic acid (RA) treatment regime combined with the RiboTag mouse methodology to synchronize male germ cell development and allow for the in vivo mapping of the Leydig cell translatome across the different stages of one cycle of the seminiferous epithelium...
February 2, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393474/rec8-inhibits-emt-by-downregulating-egr1-in-gastric-cancer-cells
#4
Junhong Zhao, Lanlan Geng, Gaoyang Duan, Wanfu Xu, Yang Cheng, Zhiliang Huang, Zhenwen Zhou, Sitang Gong
REC8 is a component of the meiotic cohesion complex that plays a critical role in chromosome dynamics during meiosis. However, the functional role of REC8 in gastric cancer has not been elucidated. In the present study, REC8 suppressed the growth and metastasis of gastric cancer cells in vitro. Whole Human Genome Oligo Microarray results revealed that a wide range of genes with broad function were targeted by REC8. Among them early growth response-1 (EGR1), a transcription factor and an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-associated protein in the AGR-RAGE pathway was significantly downregulated when REC8 was overexpressed in gastric cancer cells...
February 1, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378599/mir-3928v-is-induced-by-hbx-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-egr1-and-contributes-to-hepatocellular-carcinoma-malignancy-by-down-regulating-vdac3
#5
Qiaoge Zhang, Ge Song, Lili Yao, Yankun Liu, Min Liu, Shengping Li, Hua Tang
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) plays a critical role in the tumorigenic behavior of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to participate in HCC development via the regulation of their target genes. However, HBV-modulated miRNAs involved in tumorigenesis remain to be identified. Here, we found that a novel highly expressed miRNA, TLRC-m0008_3p (miR-3928v), may be an important factor that promotes the malignancy of HBV-related HCC. METHODS: Solexa sequencing was applied to profile miRNAs, and RT-qPCR was used to identify and quantitate miRNAs...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366758/transcriptomic-profiling-reveals-gene-expression-kinetics-in-patients-with-hypoxia-and-high-altitude-pulmonary-edema
#6
Li Yuhong, Wuren Tana, Bai Zhengzhong, Tang Feng, Ga Qin, Yang Yingzhong, Guan Wei, Wang Yaping, Charles Langelier, Matthew T Rondina, Ri-Li Ge
OBJECTIVE: High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a life threatening condition occurring in otherwise healthy individuals who rapidly ascend to high altitude. However, the molecular mechanisms of its pathophysiology are not well understood. The objective of this study is to evaluate differential gene expression in patients with HAPE during acute illness and subsequent recovery. METHODS: Twenty-one individuals who ascended to an altitude of 3780 m were studied, including 12 patients who developed HAPE and 9 matched controls without HAPE...
January 20, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355377/prefrontal-cortex-and-dorsomedial-hypothalamus-mediate-food-reward-induced-effects-via-npas2-and-egr1-expression-in-rat
#7
I Herichová, K Hasáková, D Lukáčová, B Mravec, Ľ Horváthová, D Kavická
The effects of food reward on circadian system function were investigated in the hypothalamic nuclei, prefrontal cortex and liver. Food rewards of small hedonic and caloric value were provided for 16 days 3 h after light phase onset to male Wistar rats. The daily pattern of locomotor activity was monitored. Gene expression profiling performed in the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) and liver at the time of reward delivery indicated transcriptional factors egr1 and npas2 as possible mediators of food reward effects...
December 30, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350772/arsenite-induced-histone-h3-modification-and-its-effects-on-egr1-and-fos-expression-in-hela-cells
#8
Toshihide Suzuki, Hiroshi Watanabe, Kayoko Kita, Taro Honma, Takafumi Ochi
It is evident that trivalent arsenicals do not have mutagenicity, but they are human carcinogens. Recently, epigenetic modification has been considered as one of the important causes of arsenical carcinogenicity. Here we examined global histone H3 modification by trivalent inorganic arsenite (iAs(III)) and its contribution to gene expression in HeLa cells. iAs(III) induced histone H3K9 dimethylation (H3K9me2) and trimethylation (H3K9me3), histone H3S10 phosphorylation (H3S10p), histone H3T11 phosphorylation (H3T11p) and histone H3K9S10 trimethyl-phosphorylation (H3K9me3S10p)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339716/to-explore-the-mechanism-of-the-grm4-gene-in-osteosarcoma-by-rna-sequencing-and-bioinformatics-approach
#9
Yunguo Pang, Jinmin Zhao, Mitra Fowdur, Yun Liu, Hao Wu, Maolin He
BACKGROUND Glutamate metabotropic receptor 4 (GRM4) has been correlated with the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma. The objective of this study was to explore the underlying molecular mechanism of GRM4 in osteosarcoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS The expression levels of GRM4 in four human osteosarcoma cell lines and hFOB1.19 cells were examined by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The U2OS cells of the highest GRM4 expression were transfected with lentivirus-mediated small interfering RNA (siRNA). The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) after GRM4 gene silencing were screened through RNA sequencing, and analyzed by bioinformatics...
January 17, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339557/chronic-dietary-creatine-enhances-hippocampal-dependent-spatial-memory-bioenergetics-and-levels-of-plasticity-related-proteins-associated-with-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#10
Wanda M Snow, Chris Cadonic, Claudia Cortes-Perez, Subir K Roy Chowdhury, Jelena Djordjevic, Ella Thomson, Michael J Bernstein, Miyoung Suh, Paul Fernyhough, Benedict C Albensi
The brain has a high demand for energy, of which creatine (Cr) is an important regulator. Studies document neurocognitive benefits of oral Cr in mammals, yet little is known regarding their physiological basis. This study investigated the effects of Cr supplementation (3%, w/w) on hippocampal function in male C57BL/6 mice, including spatial learning and memory in the Morris water maze and oxygen consumption rates from isolated mitochondria in real time. Levels of transcription factors and related proteins (CREB, Egr1, and IκB to indicate NF-κB activity), proteins implicated in cognition (CaMKII, PSD-95, and Egr2), and mitochondrial proteins (electron transport chain Complex I, mitochondrial fission protein Drp1) were probed with Western blotting...
February 2018: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338076/hypoxia-inducible-transcription-factors-hif1a-and-hif2a-increase-in-aging-mucosal-tissues
#11
Jeffrey L Ebersole, Michael John Novak, Luis Orraca, Janis Martinez-Gonzalez, Sreenatha Kirakodu, Kuey C Chen, Arnold Stromberg, Octavio A Gonzalez
Hypoxia (i.e. oxygen deprivation) activates the hypoxia-signalling pathway, primarily via hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIF) for numerous target genes, which mediate angiogenesis, metabolism and coagulation, among other processes to try to replenish tissues with blood and oxygen. Hypoxia signalling dysregulation also commonly occurs during chronic inflammation. We sampled gingival tissues from rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta; 3-25 years old) and total RNA was isolated for microarray analysis. HIF1A, HIF1B and HIF2A were significantly different in healthy aged tissues, and both HIF1A and HIF3A were positively correlated with aging...
January 16, 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329973/altered-gene-expression-in-tree-shrew-retina-and-retinal-pigment-epithelium-produced-by-short-periods-of-minus-lens-wear
#12
Li He, Michael R Frost, John T Siegwart, Thomas T Norton
Hyperopic refractive error is detected by retinal neurons, which generate GO signals through a direct emmetropization signaling cascade: retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) into choroid and then into sclera, thereby increasing axial elongation. To examine signaling early in this cascade, we measured gene expression in the retina and RPE after short exposure to hyperopia produced by minus-lens wear. Gene expression in each tissue was compared with gene expression in combined retina + RPE. Starting 24 days after normal eye opening, three groups of juvenile tree shrews (n = 7 each) wore a monocular -5 D lens...
January 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328395/bioinformatic-identification-of-chemoresistance-associated-micrornas-in-breast-cancer-based-on-microarray-data
#13
Ya-Wen Wang, Weiguo Zhang, Rong Ma
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among females, and chemoresistance constitutes a major clinical obstacle to the treatment of this disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are related to human cancer development, progression and drug resistance. To identify breast cancer chemoresistance-associated miRNAs, miRNA microarray dataset GSE71142, including five chemoresistant breast cancer tissues and five chemosensitive tissues, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) were obtained by t-test and the potential target genes were predicted by miRWalk2...
January 10, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323707/ox-ldl-induces-endothelial-cell-apoptosis-and-macrophage-migration-by-regulating-caveolin-1-phosphorylation
#14
Fei Lin, Likai Pei, Qingbin Zhang, Weizhong Han, Shiliang Jiang, Yanliang Lin, Bo Dong, Lianqun Cui, Min Li
Oxidative low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is a risk factor for atherosclerosis. Ox-LDL leads to endothelial injury in the initial stage of atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the role of ox-LDL in endothelial injury and macrophage recruitment. We demonstrated that ox-LDL promoted a dose-dependent phosphorylation of caveolin-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Phosphorylated caveolin-1 increased ox-LDL uptake. Intracellular accumulation of ox-LDL induced NF-κB p65 phosphorylation, promoted HMGB1 translocation from nucleus to cytoplasm and cytochrome C release from mitochondria to cytoplasm, and activated caspase 3, resulting in cell apoptosis...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306704/neuroprotective-effect-of-acute-ethanol-intoxication-in-tbi-is-associated-to-the-hierarchical-modulation-of-early-transcriptional-responses
#15
Akila Chandrasekar, Bahar Aksan, Florian Olde Heuvel, Philip Förstner, Daniela Sinske, Rida Rehman, Annette Palmer, Albert Ludolph, Markus Huber-Lang, Tobias Böckers, Daniela Mauceri, Bernd Knöll, Francesco Roselli
Ethanol intoxication is a risk factor for traumatic brain injury (TBI) but clinical evidence suggests that it may actually improve the prognosis of intoxicated TBI patients. We have employed a closed, weight-drop TBI model of different severity (2cm or 3cm falling height), preceded (-30min) or followed (+20min) by ethanol administration (5g/Kg). This protocol allows us to study the interaction of binge ethanol intoxication in TBI, monitoring behavioral changes, histological responses and the transcriptional regulation of a series of activity-regulated genes (immediate early genes, IEGs)...
January 4, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290775/nuclear-egfr-and-integrator-super-elongation-complex-concurrently-binds-to-immediate-early-genes-for-gene-transactivation
#16
Victor Chun-Lam Wong
The gene transactivation function of nuclear EGFR (nEGFR) has been studied by investigating the genomic co-occupancies of nEGFR and RNA Polymerase II (RNAPII). However, due to RNAPII pausing, the co-recruitment of RNAPII and nEGFR does not necessarily represent productive transactivation. In this study, we integrated gatekeepers of productive transcriptional elongation such as Integrator and Super Elongation Complex (SEC) to interrogate the function of nEGFR. By analyzing publicly available ChIP-seq and RNA-seq data, we aims to 1) explore the function of nEGFR, 2) unravel nEGFR target genes, and 3) discuss potential mechanisms of nEGFR chromatin recruitment...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289296/identification-of-differentially-expressed-genes-response-to-tcdd-in-rat-brain-after-long-term-low-dose-exposure
#17
Yangsheng Chen, Li Xu, Heidi Q H Xie, Tuan Xu, Hualing Fu, Songyan Zhang, Rui Sha, Yingjie Xia, Bin Zhao
Several cohort studies have reported that dioxin and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls might impair the nervous system and lead to neurological or neurodegenerative diseases in the elder people, but there is limited research on the involved mechanism. By using microarray analysis, we figured out the differentially expressed genes between brain samples from SD rats after low-dose (0.1μg/(kg▪bw)) dioxin exposure for six months and controls. To investigate the function changes in the course of dioxin exposure, Gene Ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed on the differentially expressed genes...
December 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286619/comparison-of-diagnostic-yield-of-a-fish-panel-against-conventional-cytogenetic-studies-for-hematological-malignancies-a-south-indian-referral-laboratory-analysis-of-201-cases
#18
Vishal Ashok, Ramya Ranganathan, Smitha Chander, Sharat Damodar, Sunil Bhat, Nataraj K S, Satish Kumar A, Sachin Suresh Jadav, Mahesh Rajashekaraiah, Sundareshan T S
Objectives: Genetic markers are crucial fort diagnostic and prognostic investigation of hematological malignancies (HM). The conventional cytogenetic study (CCS) has been the gold standard for more than five decades. However, FISH (Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization) testing has become a popular modality owing to its targeted approach and the ability to detect abnormalities in non-mitotic cells. We here aimed to compare the diagnostic yields of a FISH panel against CCS in HMs. Methods: Samples of bone marrow and peripheral blood for a total of 201 HMs were tested for specific gene rearrangements using multi-target FISH and the results were compared with those from CCS...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259250/snail-collaborates-with-egr-1-and-sp-1-to-directly-activate-transcription-of-mmp-9-and-zeb1
#19
Wen-Sheng Wu, Ren-In You, Chuan-Chu Cheng, Ming-Che Lee, Teng-Yi Lin, Chi-Tan Hu
The Snail transcription factor plays as a master regulator of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), one of the steps of tumor metastasis. Snail enhances expressions of a lot of mesenchymal genes including the matrix degradation enzyme matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP9) and the EMT transcription factor zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1), however, the underlying mechanisms are not clarified. Herein, we investigated how Snail upregulated transcription of ZEB1 and MMP9 induced by the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) in hepatoma cell HepG2...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246166/inhibition-of-egr1-inhibits-glioma-proliferation-by-targeting-ccnd1-promoter
#20
Dian-Gang Chen, Bo Zhu, Sheng-Qing Lv, Hongfan Zhu, Jinliang Tang, Changlin Huang, Qingrui Li, Pu Zhou, Dong-Lin Wang, Guang-Hui Li
BACKGROUND: Gliomas are the most common primary tumors in central nervous system. The prognosis of the patients with glioma is poor regardless of the development of therapeutic strategies. Its aggressive behavior mainly depends on the potent ability of proliferation. The transcription factor EGR1 (early growth response 1) is a member of a zinc finger transcription factor family which plays an essential role in cell growth and proliferation. METHODS: EGR1 expression levels in 39 glioma tissues and 10 normal brain tissues were tested by RT-qPCR and Western-blotting...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
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