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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#1
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899847/enhancing-seasonal-influenza-surveillance-topic-analysis-of-widely-used-medicinal-drugs-using-twitter-data
#2
Ireneus Kagashe, Zhijun Yan, Imran Suheryani
BACKGROUND: Uptake of medicinal drugs (preventive or treatment) is among the approaches used to control disease outbreaks, and therefore, it is of vital importance to be aware of the counts or frequencies of most commonly used drugs and trending topics about these drugs from consumers for successful implementation of control measures. Traditional survey methods would have accomplished this study, but they are too costly in terms of resources needed, and they are subject to social desirability bias for topics discovery...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887996/pegylated-stereocomplex-polylactide-coating-of-stent-for-upregulated-biocompatibility-and-drug-storage
#3
Zhibo Li, Zhongyu Jiang, Lei Zhao, Xianrui Yang, Jin Zhang, Xianjing Song, Bin Liu, Jianxun Ding
Treatment of coronary heart disease by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCT) is usually limited to the high restenosis rate after implantation of bare-metal stent. To solve the problem, the coating of PEGylated stereocomplex poly(l-lactide) (PEG-cPLA) was utilized on the surface modification of stainless steel (SS) sheet. Specifically, the 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES)-modified methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(d-lactide) (mPEG-PDLA) was grafted onto the surface of hydroxylated SS sheet through coupling reaction, and poly(l-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(l-lactide) (PLLA-PEG-PLLA) was coated onto the surface through stereocomplex interaction between DLA and LLA units...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884279/primary-hiv-infection-clinical-presentation-testing-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Aurélia Henn, Clara Flateau, Sébastien Gallien
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to provide current data on clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of primary HIV infection (PHI). RECENT FINDINGS: In 65 to 95% of cases, PHI causes acute retroviral syndrome presenting with unspecific flu-like symptoms. Symptomatic PHI was associated with a faster clinical and immunological progression of HIV infection. Point-of-care tests remain less sensitive than fourth-generation immunoassays (IA) in PHI, especially after tenofovir-based prophylaxis use...
September 7, 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882967/influenza-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-south-korea-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#5
Jaesung Heo, Mison Chun, Young-Taek Oh, O Kyu Noh, Logyoung Kim
BACKGROUND/AIM: In this study, we analyzed the prevalence of influenza disease in breast cancer survivors using claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) in South Korea. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We defined influenza among a nationwide cohort of 87,843 patients who were diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent surgery from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014, based on HIRA claim data. Descriptive statistics were calculated to estimate the frequency of influenza disease using diagnostic code and utilization pattern at medical institutions...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835741/preferences-for-multiple-sclerosis-treatments-using-a-discrete-choice-experiment-to-examine-differences-across-subgroups-of-us-patients
#6
Carol Mansfield, Nina Thomas, David Gebben, Maria Lucas, A Brett Hauber
BACKGROUND: The growing number of treatments for relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) provides opportunities to consider patient preferences in treatment decisions. METHODS: We designed a Web-based, discrete-choice experiment survey to analyze treatment preferences in patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). The survey presented hypothetical MS treatments defined by six attributes: risk of MS progression, time between relapses, risk of serious infection, treatment-related flu-like symptoms and gastrointestinal symptoms, and route and frequency of administration...
July 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822903/uterine-clinical-findings-fertility-rate-leucocyte-migration-and-cox-2-protein-levels-in-the-endometrial-tissue-of-susceptible-mares-treated-with-platelet-rich-plasma-before-and-after-ai
#7
Lorenzo G Segabinazzi, Aime M Friso, Sebastian B Correal, André M Crespilho, José Antonio Dell'Aqua, Jordi Miró, Frederico O Papa, Marco Antonio Alvarenga
Persistent mating-induced endometritis (PMIE) results in decreased fertility in horses, thereby causing a significant impact in the horse market. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), a modulator of the inflammatory response, has been largely used in veterinary medicine. Here, we investigated the effects of PRP on uterine inflammation, conception rate, endometrial polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) migration, and COX-2 protein levels in the endometrial tissue. Thirteen PMIE-susceptible mares were used for artificial insemination (AI)...
August 12, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808915/cost-effectiveness-of-posaconazole-tablets-for-invasive-fungal-infections-prevention-in-acute-myelogenous-leukemia-or-myelodysplastic-syndrome-patients-in-spain
#8
Rafael Cámara, Irmina Gozalbo, Manuel Jurado, Jaime Sanz, Belén Aragón, Santiago Grau
INTRODUCTION: Posaconazole is superior to fluconazole (FLU) and itraconazole (ITRA) in the prevention of invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) in neutropenic patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). A new tablet formulation of posaconazole with improved pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties compared to posaconazole oral solution has recently been approved. The objective of this study is to estimate the cost-effectiveness of the newly developed posaconazole tablets versus FLU oral suspension or ITRA oral solution for preventing IFDs in high-risk neutropenic patients with AML or MDS and from the perspective of the Spanish National Health System (NHS)...
August 14, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808620/lemierre-s-syndrome-case-report-and-brief-literature-review
#9
Andrew Zhao, Mohammed Samannodi, Muhammad Tahir, Sarah Bensman, Michael Hocko
Lemierre's syndrome has been shown to be increasing in incidence in the past 20 years with one popular suggesting that said rise occurred from less aggressive antibacterial coverage. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome and also reviewed the 15 most recent case reports. A previously healthy 25 year old male who initially developed sore throat and flu-like symptoms, was prescribed antibacterials as an outpatient but was hospitalized for worsening symptoms. He was later diagnosed with Lemierre's syndrome and improved clinically with IV antimicrobials alone...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807548/application-of-a-simple-column-switching-ion-chromatography-technique-for-removal-of-matrix-interferences-and-sensitive-fluorescence-determination-of-acidic-compounds-pharmaceutical-drugs-in-complex-samples
#10
Nadeem Muhammad, Qamar Subhani, Fenglian Wang, Dandan Guo, Qiming Zhao, Shuchao Wu, Yan Zhu
This work illustrates the introduction of a simple, rugged and flexible column-switching ion chromatography (IC) technique for an automated on-line QuEChERS extracted samples extracts washing followed by sensitive fluorescence (FLD) determination of five acidic pharmaceutical drugs namely; clofibric acid (CLO), ibuprofen (IBU), aspirin (ASP), naproxen (NAP) and flurobrofen (FLU) in three complex samples (spinach, apple and hospital sewage sludge). An old anion exchange column IonPac(®) AS11-HC was utilized as a pre-treatment column for on-line washing of inorganic and organic interferences followed by isocratic separation of five acidic drugs with another anion exchange IonPac(®) AS12A analytical column by exploiting the column-switching technique...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793876/patient-satisfaction-with-extavipro%C3%A2-30g-a-new-auto-injector-for-administering-interferon-%C3%AE-1b-in-multiple-sclerosis-results-from-a-real-world-observational-exchange-study
#11
Frank A Hoffmann, Anastasiya Trenova, Miguel A Llaneza, Johannes Fischer, Giacomo Lus, Dorothea von Bredow, Núria Lara, Elaine Lam, Marlies Van Hoef, Rajesh Bakshi
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) receiving long-term, subcutaneous interferon β-1b (IFN β-1b; Extavia®) often experience injection-site reactions and injection-site pain, which together with other side-effects (such as flu-like symptoms) result in suboptimal treatment compliance/adherence. The EXCHANGE study evaluated patient satisfaction with IFN β-1b treatment, administered using ExtaviPro™ 30G, a new auto-injector, in a real-world setting. METHODS: This 26-week, open-label, prospective, non-interventional, observational, multi-country multi-centre study enrolled patients with MS who had been treated with IFN β-1b or other disease-modifying therapies with a self-administered auto-injector for ≥3 months and who were planned to switch to IFN β-1b treatment administered using ExtaviPro™ 30G as part of routine clinical care...
August 9, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771903/fludarabine-cytarabine-g-csf-and-idarubicin-for-children-with-relapsed-aml
#12
Hideki Nakayama, Daisuke Tomizawa, Shiro Tanaka, Shotaro Iwamoto, Akira Shimada, Akiko M Saito, Yuka Yamashita, Hiroshi Moritake, Kiminori Terui, Takashi Taga, Hidemasa Matsuo, Yoshiyuki Kosaka, Katsuyoshi Koh, Hajime Hosoi, Hidemitsu Kurosawa, Keiichi Isoyama, Keizo Horibe, Shuki Mizutani, Souichi Adachi
BACKGROUND: The combination of fludarabine (Flu), high dose cytarabine (Ara-C) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) called "FLAG" with anthracyclines has become a standard chemotherapy for refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in European children and adults. To clarify the efficacy and the safety of FLAG-idarubicin (IDA) for children prospectively, we planned a multicenter phase II study (AML-R11) by Japanese Pediatric Leukemia/Lymphoma Study Group. METHODS: Patients with AML at the age between 2 and 20 years old, who had the first bone marrow (BM) relapse or induction failure, were enrolled...
August 3, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769577/social-and-economic-burden-of-patients-with-influenza-like-illness-and-clinically-diagnosed-flu-treated-at-various-health-facilities-in-vietnam
#13
Trung Quang Vo, Usa Chaikledkaew, Minh Van Hoang, Arthorn Riewpaiboon
Influenza is a malady related to the human respiratory system, and its influenza-like illness (ILI) can cause an economic and social burden, especially among children and the elderly. This study was conducted to estimate the cost of illness based on a social perspective of ILI cases. A prospective study was conducted between February and March of 2016 in pharmacies, private clinics at Khanh Hoa, Lam Dong, Tay Ninh, Dong Nai Province, and Ho Chi Minh City, and Hospital of Tropical Diseases. Demographic and clinical information were collected by face-to-face interview...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762471/clinical-presentation-of-terbinafine-induced-severe-liver-injury-and-the-value-of-laboratory-monitoring-a-critically-appraised-topic
#14
REVIEW
O N Kramer, J Albrecht
CONTEXT: Many physicians monitor liver function tests during terbinafine therapy. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the symptoms of published cases of terbinafine associated severe DILI (Drug Induced Liver Injury) to assess the utility of laboratory monitoring. DATA SOURCES: We based our search on the Liver Tox database of the National Institute of Health, but searched PUBMED as well as EMBASE. In addition, we hand-searched the references of the papers we found...
August 1, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755959/an-open-label-single-arm-phase-ii-multicenter-study-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-cg0070-oncolytic-vector-regimen-in-patients-with-bcg-unresponsive-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-interim-results
#15
Vignesh T Packiam, Donald L Lamm, Daniel A Barocas, Andrew Trainer, Benjamin Fand, Ronald L Davis, William Clark, Michael Kroeger, Igor Dumbadze, Karim Chamie, A Karim Kader, Dominic Curran, John Gutheil, Arthur Kuan, Alex W Yeung, Gary D Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: CG0070 is a replication-competent oncolytic adenovirus that targets bladder tumor cells through their defective retinoblastoma pathway. Prior reports of intravesical CG0070 have shown promising activity in patients with high-grade non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) who previously did not respond to bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). However, limited accrual has hindered analysis of efficacy, particularly for pathologic subsets. We evaluated interim results of a phase II trial for intravesical CG0070 in patients with BCG-unresponsive NMIBC who refused cystectomy...
July 26, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752154/epidemiology-pathophysiology-clinical-evaluation-and-treatment-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-child-infant-and-fetus
#16
REVIEW
Atilla Alp Gozubuyuk, Huseyin Dag, Alper Kacar, Yakup Karakurt, Vefik Arica
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is one of the most common types of poisoning causing death worldwide. In our country, it occurs particularly during winter as a result of leak from stove or water heater, or as result of inhalation during a fire. Although most poisonings occur accidentally, some cases are suicide attempt. As CO is a substance that is not visible and has no taste or smell and is therefore difficult to detect, the gas can be a "silent killer" that is not noticed until effects develop. CO reacts with oxygen, creating carboxy hemoglobin (COHb), which leads to tissue hypoxia...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750556/the-quebec-respiratory-health-education-network-integrating-a-model-of-self-management-education-in-copd-primary-care
#17
Jean Bourbeau, Raquel Farias, Pei Zhi Li, Guylaine Gauthier, Livia Battisti, Valérie Chabot, Marie-France Beauchesne, Denis Villeneuve, Patricia Côté, Louis-Philippe Boulet
The objective of this study is to evaluate whether a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) self-management education program with coaching of a case manager improves patient-related outcomes and leads to practice changes in primary care. COPD patients from six family medicine clinics (FMCs) participated in a 1-year educational program offered by trained case managers who focused on treatment adherence, inhaler techniques, smoking cessation, and the use of an action plan for exacerbations. Health-care utilization, health-related quality of life (HRQL), treatment adherence, inhaler technique, and COPD knowledge were assessed at each visit with validated questionnaires...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738800/benchmarked-performance-charts-using-principal-components-analysis-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-feedback-for-audit-data-in-hiv-care
#18
Skevi Michael, Mark Gompels, Caroline Sabin, Hilary Curtis, Margaret T May
BACKGROUND: Feedback tools for clinical audit data that compare site-specific results to average performance over all sites can be useful for quality improvement. Proposed tools should be simple and clearly benchmark the site's performance, so that a relevant action plan can be directly implemented to improve patient care services. We aimed to develop such a tool in order to feedback data to UK HIV clinics participating in the 2015 British HIV Association (BHIVA) audit assessing compliance with the 2011 guidelines for routine investigation and monitoring of adult HIV-1- infected individuals...
July 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731206/comparative-plasma-and-interstitial-fluid-pharmacokinetics-of-flunixin-meglumine-and-ceftiofur-hydrochloride-following-individual-and-co-administration-in-dairy-cows
#19
P J Gorden, M D Kleinhenz, L W Wulf, S J Rajewski, C Wang, R Gehring, J F Coetzee
Ceftiofur (CEF) and flunixin meglumine (FLU) are two drugs approved for use in beef and dairy cattle that are frequently used in combination for many diseases. These two drugs are the most commonly used drugs in dairy cattle in their respective drug classes. Two research groups have recently published manuscripts demonstrating altered pharmacokinetics of FLU and CEF in cows affected with naturally occurring mastitis. The objective of this study was to determine whether pharmacokinetics of flunixin meglumine administered intravenously or intramuscularly administered ceftiofur hydrochloride would be altered when co-administered versus individual administration to healthy dairy cattle...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726995/effects-of-transdermal-flunixin-meglumine-on-pain-biomarkers-at-dehorning-in-calves
#20
M D Kleinhenz, N K Van Engen, P J Gorden, J Ji, P Walsh, J F Coetzee
The objective of this study was to evaluate the analgesic properties of transdermal flunixin meglumine when given at the time of dehorning on pain biomarkers. Twenty-four weaned male Holstein calves, 6 to 8 wk of age were enrolled into the study. The calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: 1) transdermal flunixin and dehorn (DH-FLU); 2) transdermal flunixin and sham dehorn (SHAM-FLU); and 3) placebo and dehorn (DH-PLBO). Transdermal flunixin at a label dose of 3.33 mg/kg (or placebo at an equivalent volume) was administered as a pour-on along the top-line of the calves in each treatment group concurrently with electrocautery dehorning or sham dehorning...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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