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M ElSalhy, E Söderling, E Honkala, M Fontana, S Flannagan, A Kokaras, B J Paster, A Varghese, S Honkala
AIM: To compare the composition of the salivary microbiota in caries-affected vs. caries-free mutans streptococci (MS)- positive children with mixed dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty eight healthy, 11-12-year-old schoolchildren with high MS counts (>10⊃5 CFU/mL) were included in this study. The children were screened with the Dentocult SM Strip Mutans test (Orion Diagnostica, Espoo, Finland) and examined using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS)...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Etienne Paris, Tonio Piscopo, Karen Cassar
Actinomycosis is a relatively rare infection caused by Gram-positive bacteria. We present the case of a 54-year-old, previously healthy, male patient with a history of severe penicillin allergy who developed severe pneumonia and empyema caused by Actinomyces meyeri. Presenting symptoms included productive cough, right upper quadrant pain, and chills and rigors. He required drainage of the empyema via tube and prolonged antibiotic treatment with intravenous ceftriaxone for 2 weeks followed by oral doxycycline for 6 months...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Anand J Asia, Vaibhav N Tapre
Actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative granulomatous infection of subcutaneous tissues caused by bacterium Actinomyces israelii. It is a normal commensal of the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, and vagina. Infection is first established locally by breach of mucosal barrier during various procedures, aspiration, trauma, or human bite. Rarely, it may spread through hematogenous and lymphatic system. We present a case of actinomycosis involving the vulva, extending to the inguinal region along with inguinal lymphadenopathy...
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Simone Stauffacher, Adrian Lussi, Sandor Nietzsche, Klaus W Neuhaus, Sigrun Eick
OBJECTIVES: We wanted to investigate differences in invasiveness into radicular dentinal tubules by monocultured and co-cultured bacteria frequently found in infected root canals. METHODS: Fifty-one human roots were incubated for 8 weeks with monocultured Streptococcus gordonii ATCC 10558, Streptococcus sanguinis ATCC 10556, and with five capnophiles/anaerobes as well as with capnophiles/anaerobes co-cultured with a streptococcal species. Thereafter, bacterial samples were cultured from the inner, middle, and outer third of the root dentine of longitudinally broken teeth (n = 5)...
October 8, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Bruno Bueno-Silva, Alexandre Marsola, Masaharu Ikegaki, Severino M Alencar, Pedro L Rosalen
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of seasons on the chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Brazilian red propolis (BRP) and its plant source. BRP was collected from Maceio, Alagoas state, north-east of Brazil, during one year. Chemical composition was determined by physicochemical analyses and HPLC while antimicrobial activity was assessed against Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus, Staphylococcus aureus and Actinomyces naeslundii by determining the minimal inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC, respectively)...
October 4, 2016: Natural Product Research
Wen Ren, Qun Zhang, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Lili Ma, Feng Chen, Tao Xu, Baohua Xu
As one of the most complex human-associated microbial habitats, the oral cavity harbors hundreds of bacteria. Halitosis is a prevalent oral condition that is typically caused by bacteria. The aim of this study was to analyze the microbial communities and predict functional profiles in supragingival plaque from healthy individuals and those with halitosis. Ten preschool children were enrolled in this study; five with halitosis and five without. Supragingival plaque was isolated from each participant and 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing was used to identify the microbes present...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Luiz F F Oliveira, Sérgio L Salvador, Pedro H F Silva, Flávia A C Furlaneto, Luciene Figueiredo, Renato Casarin, Edilson Ervolino, Daniela B Palioto, Sérgio L S Souza, Mario Taba, Arthur B Novaes, Michel R Messora
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effects of topical administration of probiotic bacteria (PROB) of the genus Bifidobacterium on experimental periodontitis (EP) in rats. METHODS: 32 rats were divided into groups C (control; without EP), EP (EP only), C-HN019 (control+PROB) and EP-HN019 (EP+PROB). On day 0 of the experiment, animals of groups EP and EP-HN019 received cotton ligatures around mandibular first molars (MFM). In groups C-HN019 and EP-HN019, 1mL of suspensions containing Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis (B...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Ji Yeon Kim, Eun Kyung Kang, Song Mi Moon, Yiel Hea Seo, Juhyeon Jeong, Hyuni Cho, Dongki Yang, Yoon Soo Park
Actinomyces meyeri is a Gram positive, strict anaerobic bacterium, which was first described by Meyer in 1911. Primary actinomycotic osteomyelitis is rare and primarily affects the cervicofacial region, including mandible. We present an unusual case of osteomyelitis of a long bone combined with myoabscess due to A. meyeri. A 70-year-old man was admitted for pain and pus discharge of the right elbow. Twenty-five days before admission, he had hit his elbow against a table. MRI of the elbow showed a partial tear of the distal triceps tendon and myositis...
September 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
S Murakami, M Otaki, Y Hayashi, K Higuchi, T Kobayashi, Y Torii, E Yokoyama, R Azuma
Recently, submandibular abscesses associated with Actinomyces denticolens have been reported in horses. The actinomycotic clumps have been observed in the tonsillar crypts. The aim of this study was to demonstrate colonisation of A denticolens in equine tonsils. Twelve equine tonsils obtained from a slaughterhouse were divided into two parts for histopathological examination and for isolation of A denticolens. When actinomycotic clumps were found in these tonsillar crypts, immunohistochemistry using hyperimmune serum against A denticolens (DMS 20671) was performed on the serial sections...
2016: Veterinary Record Open
Naile Dame-Teixeira, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Marisa Maltz, Aradhna Tugnait, Deirdre Devine, Thuy Do
BACKGROUND: The studies of the distribution of Actinomyces spp. on carious and non-carious root surfaces have not been able to confirm the association of these bacteria with root caries, although they were extensively implicated as a prime suspect in root caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to observe the gene expression of Actinomyces spp. in the microbiota of root surfaces with and without caries. DESIGN: The oral biofilms from exposed sound root surface (SRS; n=10) and active root caries (RC; n=30) samples were collected...
2016: Journal of Oral Microbiology
Sixto M Leal, Melissa Jones, Peter H Gilligan
Commensal bacteria from the skin and mucosal surfaces are routinely isolated from patient samples and considered contaminants. The majority of these isolates are catalase positive gram-positive rods from multiple genera routinely classified as diphtheroids. These organisms can be seen on gram stain of clinical specimens or isolated as the predominant or pure species in culture raising a priori suspicion for possible involvement in infection. With the development and adoption of MALDI-TOF MS, suspicious isolates are now routinely identified to the species level...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Carmen Martos Plasencia, Pilar Olivencia Palomar, Roberto Patón Arenas, Cristina Verdejo Gil, Rosario Salmoral Luque, Melvyn Peña Gómez, Eva De la Santa Belda, Bartolomé López Viedma, José Olmedo Camacho
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic radiotherapy is associated with early and late local complication. Actinomyces bacterium is part of the saprophyte flora, although some infection underlying factors are known , the pathophysiology of the disease is still unexplained. Frequently it is involved in oral, gastrointestinal and respiratory infections. CASE REPORT: We present the description of a clinical case supported with images. So that we have developed a bibliographical research in Pubmed data base including the following key words: Ulcer, rectum, brachitherapy and Actinomyces...
September 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Susakul Palakawong N A, Peter Pristaš, Ludmila Hrehová, Peter Javorský, Alfons J M Stams, Caroline M Plugge
Two bacterial strains, Am4 and G10 were isolated from rumen fluid of different ruminants: cow (Holstein-Friesian) and sheep (Slovenskè merino), respectively. They were isolated from different hosts and regions, but showed 99.2% similarity of the 16S rRNA genes. Both strains are versatile and ferment various sugars to mainly succinate and lactate and small amounts of acetate and formate. The 16S rRNA sequences of Am4 and G10 revealed that they belonged to the genus Actinomyces, and are related to Actinomyces ruminicola JCM 13352(T) with 97...
October 2016: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
S A Povzun
A 42-year-old female body builder who had used anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) for 18 years to build up muscle mass died from liver rupture. The cause of the latter was multiple abscesses caused by Actinomyces, which developed in the presence of immunodeficiency. The postmortem changes in different organs were due to hormonal imbalance. The paper gives the data available in the literature pertaining to the analysis of the effects of AASs taken in supraphysiological doses on the body and their non-medical application...
July 2016: Arkhiv Patologii
Ju Yeon Cho
Actinomycosis is an infection caused by the actinomyces genus and is associated with trauma or previous infection. A 58-year-old male patient was referred from a private dental clinic for root extraction of the lower right molar. The x-ray showed fractured root-like material distal to the distal root of the lower right second molar. A biopsy during extraction of the root-like material was performed, which revealed a sequestrum with actinomycosis by a pathological examination. In this case, the radiopacity of the suspicious lesion was higher than that of the surrounding alveolar bone, which confused it with the root tip...
August 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Christoph Klingelhöffer, Florian Zeman, Johannes Meier, Torsten Eugen Reichert, Tobias Ettl
PURPOSE: Surgical treatment of the medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is still challenging. We examined the outcome of the resection of osteonecrotic lesions and the influence of potential risk factors on the operative success. METHODS: Seventy six surgical interventions on 40 patients were evaluated in a prospective design with a mean follow-up of 55 weeks. Primary endpoints were: (i) maintenance of the mucosal closure and (ii) decrease of MRONJ stage...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Louise L Eenhuis, Marleen E de Lange, Anda D Samson, Olivier R C Busch
BACKGROUND Pelvic-abdominal actinomycosis is a rare chronic condition caused by an anaerobic, gram-negative rod-shaped commensal bacterium of the Actinomyces species. When Actinomyces becomes pathogenic, it frequently causes a chronic infection with granulomatous abscess formation with pus. Due to diversity in clinical and radiological presentation, actinomycosis can easily be mistaken for several other conditions. Peritonitis without preceding abscess formation caused by Actinomyces species has been described in only few cases before in literature...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
N Hirose, R Kitagawa, H Kitagawa, H Maezono, A Mine, M Hayashi, M Haapasalo, S Imazato
An experimental cavity disinfectant (ACC) that is intended to be used for various direct and indirect restorations was prepared by adding an antibacterial monomer 12-methacryloyloxydodecylpyridinum bromide (MDPB) at 5% into 80% ethanol. The antibacterial effectiveness of ACC and its influences on the bonding abilities of resin cements were investigated. To examine the antibacterial activity of unpolymerized MDPB, the minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC) were determined for Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus casei, Actinomyces naeslundii, Parvimonas micra, Enterococcus faecalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Porphyromonas gingivalis Antibacterial activities of ACC and the commercial cavity disinfectant containing 2% chlorhexidine and ethanol (CPS) were evaluated by agar disk diffusion tests through 7 bacterial species and by MIC and MBC measurement for S...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
Guenter Russmueller, Rudolf Seemann, Kathrin Weiss, Victoria Stadler, Manuel Speiss, Christos Perisanidis, Thorsten Fuereder, Birgit Willinger, Irene Sulzbacher, Christoph Steininger
Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) represents a complication of bisphosphonate treatment that responds poorly to standard treatment. In a retrospective cohort study we investigated a possible role of Actinomyces spp. in the pathogenesis of MRONJ. Deep biopsies of necrotic bone were collected during surgical treatment of MRONJ and evaluated by histology and microbiology for the presence of Actinomyces spp. Microbiological, demographic and clinicpathological data were analyzed for risk of Actinomyces-associated MRONJ...
2016: Scientific Reports
Carlson-Babila Sama, Nicole Fouda Mbarga, Calvin Eta Oben, Jules A Mbarga, Elvis Kiloh Nfor, Fru F Angwafo Iii
BACKGROUND: Paediatric cervicofacial actinomycosis is a rare infectious disease caused by Actinomyces spp. and usually presents as a chronic, suppurative and granulomatous inflammation with a propensity to mimic malignant conditions. CASE PRESENTATION: We discuss the case of an 11-year-old African female who presented with a chronic disfiguring cervical mass evolving over a 9 months period for which she had several unyielding consultations. Appropriate clinical and para-clinical evaluations were paramount to the diagnosis of an Actinomyces infection...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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