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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301629/antidote-availability-in-the-municipality-of-campinas-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#1
Luciane Cristina Rodrigues Fernandes, Taís Freire Galvão, Adriana Safioti Toledo Ricardi, Eduardo Mello De Capitani, Stephen Hyslop, Fábio Bucaretchi
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The lack of availability of antidotes in emergency services is a worldwide concern. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the availability of antidotes used for treating poisoning in Campinas (SP). DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a cross-sectional study of emergency services in Campinas, conducted in 2010-2012. METHODS: The availability, amount in stock, place of storage and access time for 26 antidotal treatments was investigated...
January 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280651/prehospital-systolic-hypertension-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#2
Stacy Hatcher, Connie Chen, Prasanthi Govindarajan
BACKGROUND: It is well known that hematoma volume and expansion is associated with poor outcomes in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH). The factors associated with hematoma volume and possible expansion include the use of anticoagulant medications, autoimmune or bacterial diseases that reduce platelet production, and genetic defects of Von Willebrand factor causing inhibition or reduction of platelet aggregation. However, little is known about the role of elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) on hematoma volume and its ultimate role on sICH when identified in the prehospital setting...
January 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249588/the-difficult-medical-emergency-call-a-register-based-study-of-predictors-and-outcomes
#3
Thea Palsgaard Møller, Thora Majlund Kjærulff, Søren Viereck, Doris Østergaard, Fredrik Folke, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Freddy K Lippert
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital emergency care requires proper categorization of emergency calls and assessment of emergency priority levels by the medical dispatchers. We investigated predictors for emergency call categorization as "unclear problem" in contrast to "symptom-specific" categories and the effect of categorization on mortality. METHODS: Register-based study in a 2-year period based on emergency call data from the emergency medical dispatch center in Copenhagen combined with nationwide register data...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228314/pre-hospital-acute-coronary-syndrome-care-in-kerala-india-a-qualitative-analysis
#4
Amisha Patel, P P Mohanan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mark D Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in India. Many of these deaths are due to acute coronary syndromes (ACS), which require prompt symptom recognition, care-seeking behavior, and transport to a treatment facility in the critical pre-hospital period. In India, little is known about pre-hospital management of individuals with ACS. We aim to understand the facilitators, barriers, and context of optimal pre-hospital ACS care to provide opportunities to reduce pre-hospital delays and improve acute cardiovascular care...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217595/impact-of-pre-hospital-care-on-the-outcome-of-children-arriving-with-agonal-breathing-to-a-pediatric-emergency-service-in-south-india
#5
Debasis Das Adhikari, Krishna Mahathi, Urmi Ghosh, Indira Agarwal, Anila Chacko, Ebor Jacob, Kala Ebenezer
BACKGROUND: Data on the prehospital interventions received by critically ill children at arrival to Paediatric Emergency Services (PES) is limited in developing countries. This study aims to describe the pre-hospital care scenario, transport and their impact on outcome in non-traumatic, acutely ill children presenting in PES with agonal breathing. METHODS: Prospective observational study done on children aged below 15 years arriving in PES with agonal breathing due to non-trauma related causes...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193297/pre-hospital-transfusion-of-packed-red-blood-cells-in-147-patients-from-a-uk-helicopter-emergency-medical-service
#6
Richard M Lyon, Eleanor de Sausmarez, Emily McWhirter, Gary Wareham, Magnus Nelson, Ashley Matthies, Anthony Hudson, Leigh Curtis, Malcolm Q Russell
BACKGROUND: Early transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC) has been associated with improved survival in patients with haemorrhagic shock. This study aims to describe the characteristics of patients receiving pre-hospital blood transfusion and evaluate their subsequent need for in-hospital transfusion and surgery. METHODS: The decision to administer a pre-hospital PRBC transfusion was based on clinical judgment. All patients transfused pre-hospital PRBC between February 2013 and December 2014 were included...
February 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122419/factors-influencing-choice-of-pre-hospital-transportation-of-patients-with-potential-acute-coronary-syndrome-an-observational-study
#7
Tim Lavery, Jaimi H Greenslade, William A Parsonage, Tracey Hawkins, Emily Dalton, Christopher Hammett, Louise Cullen
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with ambulance use in patients with confirmed and potential acute coronary syndrome presenting to the ED. METHODS: A convenience sample of patients (n = 247) presenting to the ED from April 2014 to January 2015 with suspected acute coronary syndrome were included in the study. Data on mode of transport and patient demographics were collected from the Emergency Department Information System database. Clinical data were collected from chart records and information systems...
January 25, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118817/multiple-triangulation-and-collaborative-research-using-qualitative-methods-to-explore-decision-making-in-pre-hospital-emergency-care
#8
Maxine Johnson, Rachel O'Hara, Enid Hirst, Andrew Weyman, Janette Turner, Suzanne Mason, Tom Quinn, Jane Shewan, A Niroshan Siriwardena
BACKGROUND: Paramedics make important and increasingly complex decisions at scene about patient care. Patient safety implications of influences on decision making in the pre-hospital setting were previously under-researched. Cutting edge perspectives advocate exploring the whole system rather than individual influences on patient safety. Ethnography (the study of people and cultures) has been acknowledged as a suitable method for identifying health care issues as they occur within the natural context...
January 24, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117724/ubiquitous-emergency-medical-service-system-based-on-wireless-biosensors-traffic-information-and-wireless-communication-technologies-development-and-evaluation
#9
Tan-Hsu Tan, Munkhjargal Gochoo, Yung-Fu Chen, Jin-Jia Hu, John Y Chiang, Ching-Su Chang, Ming-Huei Lee, Yung-Nian Hsu, Jiin-Chyr Hsu
This study presents a new ubiquitous emergency medical service system (UEMS) that consists of a ubiquitous tele-diagnosis interface and a traffic guiding subsystem. The UEMS addresses unresolved issues of emergency medical services by managing the sensor wires for eliminating inconvenience for both patients and paramedics in an ambulance, providing ubiquitous accessibility of patients' biosignals in remote areas where the ambulance cannot arrive directly, and offering availability of real-time traffic information which can make the ambulance reach the destination within the shortest time...
January 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087286/incidence-and-survival-outcome-according-to-heart-rhythm-during-resuscitation-attempt-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients-with-presumed-cardiac-etiology
#10
Shahzleen Rajan, Fredrik Folke, Steen Møller Hansen, Carolina Malta Hansen, Kristian Kragholm, Thomas A Gerds, Freddy K Lippert, Lena Karlsson, Sidsel Møller, Lars Køber, Gunnar H Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Mads Wissenberg
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about heart rhythm conversion from non-shockable to shockable rhythm during resuscitation attempt after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and following chance of survival is limited and inconsistent. METHODS: We studied 13,860 patients with presumed cardiac-caused OHCA not witnessed by the emergency medical services from the Danish Cardiac Arrest Register (2005-2012). Patients were stratified according to rhythm: shockable, converted shockable (based on receipt of subsequent defibrillation) and sustained non-shockable rhythm...
January 11, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039683/injury-epidemiology-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#11
Saber Azami-Aghdash, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Hosein Shabaninejad, Hassan Abolghasem Gorji
BACKGROUND: Injuries are the second greatest cause of mortality in Iran. Information about the epidemiological pattern of injuries is effective in decision-making. In this regard, the aim of the current study is to elaborate on the epidemiology of injuries in Iran through a systematic review. METHODS: Required data were collected searching the following key words and their Persian equivalents; trauma, injury, accident, epidemiology, prevalence, pattern, etiology, risk factors and Iran...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979598/how-successful-is-the-transition-to-adult-urology-care-in-spina-bifida-a-single-center-7-year-experience
#12
Konrad M Szymanski, Mark P Cain, Thomas J Hardacker, Rosalia Misseri
INTRODUCTION: Rates of successful transition from adolescent to adult spina bifida (SB) care are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess rates and predictors of successful transition from a multidisciplinary SB clinic to a transitional urology clinic (TUC), or a pediatric or adult urologist. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed patients discharged from a multidisciplinary SB clinic (2006-2012), collecting demographic and clinical data...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913657/cost-benefit-analysis-of-telehealth-in-pre-hospital-care
#13
James R Langabeer, Tiffany Champagne-Langabeer, Diaa Alqusairi, Junghyun Kim, Adria Jackson, David Persse, Michael Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: There has been very little use of telehealth in pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS), yet the potential exists for this technology to transform the current delivery model. In this study, we explore the costs and benefits of one large telehealth EMS initiative. METHODS: Using a case-control study design and both micro- and gross-costing data from the Houston Fire Department EMS electronic patient care record system, we conducted a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) comparing costs with potential savings associated with patients treated through a telehealth-enabled intervention...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797986/ambulance-smartphone-tool-for-field-triage-of-ruptured-aortic-aneurysms-filtr-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-validation-of-diagnostic-accuracy
#14
Thomas L Lewis, Rachael T Fothergill, Alan Karthikesalingam
INTRODUCTION: Rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) carries a considerable mortality rate and is often fatal. rAAA can be treated through open or endovascular surgical intervention and it is possible that more rapid access to definitive intervention might be a key aspect of improving mortality for rAAA. Diagnosis is not always straightforward with up to 42% of rAAA initially misdiagnosed, introducing potentially harmful delay. There is a need for an effective clinical decision support tool for accurate prehospital diagnosis and triage to enable transfer to an appropriate centre...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747560/the-epidemiology-of-pre-hospital-potential-spinal-cord-injuries-in-victoria-australia-a-six-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Ala'a O Oteir, Karen Smith, Johannes U Stoelwinder, Shelley Cox, James W Middleton, Paul A Jennings
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury (TSCI) is relatively uncommon, yet a devastating and costly condition. Despite the human and social impacts, studies describing patients with potential TSCI in the pre-hospital setting are scarce. This paper aims to describe the epidemiology of patients potentially at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI by paramedics, with a view to providing a better understanding of factors associated with potential TSCI. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients managed and transported by Ambulance Victoria (AV) between 01 January 2007 and 31 December 2012 who, based on meeting pre-hospital triage protocols and criteria for spinal clearance, paramedic suspicion or spinal immobilisation, were classified to be at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688259/pre-hospital-identification-and-post-recovery-challenges-of-intoxication-with-synthetic-cannabinoid-containing-legal-high-products-such-as-exodus-damnation
#16
David Fitzpatrick, Patrick O'Meara, Andrew Cunningham
This short report describes the case of a young adult male who had smoked a synthetic cannabinoid legal high product called 'Exodus Damnation'. The patient's presentation was atypical from that described in the literature, with hypotension and hypoxaemia. Of note was the rapid recovery after pre-hospital intervention with high-flow oxygen therapy and intravenous fluids. The patient refused on-going care, despite repeated advice to attend the Emergency Department. The distinct lack of specialist support and referral to drug treatment for this patient population, with whom ambulance services are coming into contact with increasing frequency, is reported...
November 2016: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650864/pre-hospital-assessment-of-the-role-of-adrenaline-measuring-the-effectiveness-of-drug-administration-in-cardiac-arrest-paramedic-2-trial-protocol
#17
Gavin D Perkins, Tom Quinn, Charles D Deakin, Jerry P Nolan, Ranjit Lall, Anne-Marie Slowther, Matthew Cooke, Sarah E Lamb, Stavros Petrou, Felix Achana, Judith Finn, Ian G Jacobs, Andrew Carson, Mike Smyth, Kyee Han, Sonia Byers, Nigel Rees, Richard Whitfield, Fionna Moore, Rachael Fothergill, Nigel Stallard, John Long, Susie Hennings, Jessica Horton, Charlotte Kaye, Simon Gates
Despite its use since the 1960s, the safety or effectiveness of adrenaline as a treatment for cardiac arrest has never been comprehensively evaluated in a clinical trial. Although most studies have found that adrenaline increases the chance of return of spontaneous circulation for short periods, many studies found harmful effects on the brain and raise concern that adrenaline may reduce overall survival and/or good neurological outcome. The PARAMEDIC-2 trial seeks to determine if adrenaline is safe and effective in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
November 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625737/the-medical-duty-officer-an-attempt-to-mitigate-the-ambulance-at-hospital-interval
#18
Megan H Halliday, Andrew J Bouland, Benjamin J Lawner, Angela C Comer, Daniel C Ramos, Mark Fletcher
INTRODUCTION: A lack of coordination between emergency medical services (EMS), emergency departments (ED) and systemwide management has contributed to extended ambulance at-hospital times at local EDs. In an effort to improve communication within the local EMS system, the Baltimore City Fire Department (BCFD) placed a medical duty officer (MDO) in the fire communications bureau. It was hypothesized that any real-time intervention suggested by the MDO would be manifested in a decrease in the EMS at-hospital time...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465304/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-a-developing-country-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#19
Minaz Mawani, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Iqbal Azam, Amber Mehmood, Bryan McNally, Kent Stevens, Rozina Nuruddin, Mohammad Ishaq, Junaid Abdul Razzak
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Overall survival after an OHCA has been reported to be poor and limited studies have been conducted in developing countries. We aimed to investigate the rates of survival from OHCA and explore components of the chain of survival in a developing country. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter prospective cohort study in the emergency departments (ED) of five major public and private sector hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan from January 2013 to April 2013...
July 28, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411494/pre-hospital-delay-and-its-associated-factors-in-first-ever-stroke-registered-in-communities-from-three-cities-in-china
#20
Bin Jiang, Xiaojuan Ru, Haixin Sun, Hongmei Liu, Dongling Sun, Yunhai Liu, Jiuyi Huang, Li He, Wenzhi Wang
This study aimed to explore pre-hospital delay and its associated factors in first-ever stroke registered in communities from three cities in China. The rates of delay greater than or equal to 2 hours were calculated and factors associated with delays were determined by non-conditional binary logistic regression, after adjusting for different explanatory factors. Among the 403 cases of stroke with an accurate documented time of prehospital delay, the median time (interquartile range) was 4.00 (1.50-14.00) hours...
2016: Scientific Reports
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