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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215150/hypertension-current-strategies-to-lower-blood-pressure
#1
Jacek Rysz, Beata Franczyk, Maciej Banach, Anna Gluba-Brzózka
The prevalence of hypertension (HTN) worldwide is high and is constantly rising. HTN is considered to be a silent killer since often there are no obvious symptoms but long-term, HTN significantly increases the risk of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases. Those with diagnosed HTN or at high risk of its development, should start blood pressure (BP) lowering therapy based on natural methods including: lifestyle, regular physical activity, respiratory training, reducing body mass, lowering sodium intake with food, potassium supplementation, balanced diet enriched with herbs, reducing caffeine and alcohol intake, smoking cessation, stress avoidance and regular monitoring of the BP...
February 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208948/abducens-nerve-palsy-in-pregnancy-a-case-report
#2
Sayedeh Reyhaneh Yousefi, Shokrollah Zandi
Headache, blurring of vision and confusion are neurologic symptoms of preeclampsia. Whereas abducens nerve palsy during pregnancy is an extremely rare condition, we report here a 40-year-old patient with diplopia, blurring of vision and abducens nerve palsy in the 39(th) week of pregnancy with history of hypertension (HTN). No specific pathology was found. Symptoms of abducens nerve palsy were resolved spontaneously by controlling blood pressure after delivery.
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208907/current-practice-of-hypertension-in-india-focus-on-blood-pressure-goals
#3
Jagdish S Hiremath, Vijay M Katekhaye, Vijay S Chamle, Rishi M Jain, Amit I Bhargava
INTRODUCTION: Recommended Blood Pressure (BP) goals in elderly and those with co-morbid conditions like Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) vary in different Hypertension (HTN) management guidelines. AIM: To understand currently followed BP goals and practices among the physicians involved in management of HTN in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational survey was conducted at 66(th) annual conference of Cardiological Society of India (CSICON-2014, Hyderabad)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205311/management-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-anca-associated-vasculitis
#4
Carsten Paul Bramlage, Juliane Kröplin, Manuel Wallbach, Joan Minguet, Katherine Helen Smith, Stephan Lüders, Joachim Schrader, Susan Patschan, Oliver Gross, Cornelia Deutsch, Peter Bramlage, Gerhard Anton Müller, Michael Koziolek
OBJECTIVES: Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is accompanied by increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. Treatment of AAV patients includes the management of conventional CV risk factors, primarily hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, while lipoprotein(a) (LP(a)) is an emerging potential target. METHODS: We performed a multicenter, retrospective study in Germany. Patients were considered if they were between 18 and 90 years old and presented with AAV...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204989/assessment-of-noninvasive-predictors-of-bladder-detrusor-underactivity-in-bph-luts-patients
#5
Fei Luo, Hong-Hong Sun, Yan-Hui Su, Zhi-Hua Zhang, Ya-Shen Wang, Zhen Zhao, Jian Li
PURPOSE: To retrospectively assess the diagnostic predictive value of clinical characteristics to improve the diagnostic accuracy of bladder detrusor underactivity (DU) among benign prostatic hyperplasia/lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS) patients who cannot undergo urodynamic examinations. METHODS: A total of 704 BPH/LUTS patients at Tianjin Medical Union Center from January 2013 through June 2016 were enrolled in the study. All cases were stratified by maximum detrusor pressure (Pdet...
February 15, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202738/longterm-outcomes-of-renal-artery-involvement-in-takayasu-arteritis
#6
Seokchan Hong, Byeongzu Ghang, Yong-Gil Kim, Chang-Keun Lee, Bin Yoo
OBJECTIVE: Takayasu arteritis (TA) involving the renal artery can result in hypertension (HTN), renal dysfunction, and premature death. The aim of this study was to investigate the longterm outcomes and factors that predict outcomes in patients with TA with renal artery stenosis. METHODS: The medical records of patients diagnosed with TA between January 1997 and December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Renal artery involvement was based on computed tomography and/or angiography findings...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202161/complication-profile-failure-to-rescue-and-mortality-following-elective-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#7
David S Kauvar, Eric D Martin, Todd E Simon, Matthew D Givens
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the relationship between patient risk factors, postoperative complications, and morbidity and mortality is important when considering elective endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (E-EVAR) performed to prevent aneurysm rupture mortality. We aimed to stratify complications in E-EVAR and explore their relationship with postoperative death. METHODS: E-EVAR cases from 2012 NSQIP were identified. 30-day complications were categorized as major (MAJCX) or minor (MINCX) using the Clavien-Dindo classification...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197943/hydrothermal-synthesized-magnetically-separable-mesostructured-h2ti3o7-%C3%AE-fe2o3-nanocomposite-for-organic-dye-removal-via-adsorption-and-its-regeneration-reuse-through-synergistic-non-radiation-driven-h2o2-activation
#8
Harsha Narayani, Manu Jose, K Sriram, Satyajit Shukla
Hydrogen titanate (H2Ti3O7) nanotubes/nanosheets (HTN) are emerging class of adsorbent material which possess unique property of activating hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to generate the reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as superoxide radical ions (O2(.-)) and hydroxyl radicals (·OH), effective in the decomposition of surface-adsorbed dye. However, HTN are non-magnetic which create hurdle in their effective separation from the treated aqueous solution. To overcome this issue, magnetic nanocomposites (HTNF) composed of HTN and maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles have been processed by subjecting the core-shell magnetic photocatalyst consisting of γ-Fe2O3/silica (SiO2)/titania (TiO2), having varying amounts of TiO2 in the shell to the hydrothermal conditions...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197280/predictors-of-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-valve-surgery-in-adult-patients-in-current-surgical-era
#9
Bandar Al-Ghamdi, Yaseen Mallawi, Azam Shafquat, Alexandra Ledesma, Nadiah AlRuwaili, Mohamed Shoukri, Shahid Khan, Aly Al Sanei
BACKGROUND: Permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation after cardiac surgery is required in 0.4-6% of patients depending on cardiac surgery type. PPM implantation in the early postoperative period may reduce morbidity and postoperative hospital stay. We performed a retrospective review of electronic medical records of adult patients with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve surgery, or both, over a 3-year period. Our aim was to identify predictors of PPM requirements and PPM dependency on follow-up in the current surgical era...
August 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194575/outcome-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-with-a-history-of-neonatal-acute-kidney-injury
#10
Syeda Maqsood, Nicholas Fung, Vikas Chowdhary, Rupesh Raina, Maroun J Mhanna
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with a history of acute kidney injury (AKI). METHOD: In a retrospective, case control study, medical records of all ELBW infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) between Jan 2002 and Dec 2011 were reviewed. Medical records were reviewed for infants' demographics, blood pressure (BP) at NICU discharge and at ≥3 years, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at ≥2 years...
February 14, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176250/hot-topic-global-burden-of-treating-hypertension-what-is-the-role-of-the-emergency-department
#11
REVIEW
Aaron M Brody, Vijaya A Kumar, Phillip D Levy
Hypertension (HTN) is the most common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality worldwide. Lower- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are projected to bear the vast majority of this disease burden, but local and regional health care delivery systems in these countries are ill equipped to meet this need. Emergency care is receiving increased recognition as a crucial component of public and community health. The rapid evolution of emergency care in LMICs provides a unique opportunity to develop innovative strategies, incorporating existing strengths of emergency departments, to address this paradigm shift in the disease burden associated with HTN on a global scale...
January 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167571/pharmacoepidemiology-of-clinically-relevant-hypothyroidism-and-hypertension-from-sunitinib-and-sorafenib
#12
Christine M Walko, Ronald E Aubert, Ninh M La-Beck, Gosia Clore, Vivian Herrera, Helen Kourlas, Robert S Epstein, Howard L McLeod
BACKGROUND: Thyroid dysfunction and hypertension (HTN) have been sporadically reported with sunitinib (SUN) and sorafenib (SOR). Determination of the side effect incidence will enhance monitoring and management recommendations. METHODS: An observational cohort study was performed using deidentified pharmacy claims data from a 3-year period to evaluate patients prescribed SUN, SOR, or capecitabine (CAP; comparison group). The primary outcome was time to first prescription for thyroid replacement or HTN treatment...
February 6, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164576/oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-ox-ldl-to-ldl-ratio-ox-ldl-ldl-and-ox-ldl-to-high-density-lipoprotein-ratio-ox-ldl-hdl
#13
Mahtab Motamed, Arash A Nargesi, Behnam Heidari, Hossein Mirmiranpour, Alireza Esteghamati, Manouchehr Nakhjavani
BACKGROUND: Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) plays a principal role in diabetes complications, though ox-LDL concentrations and its functions are dependents of other oxidative and anti-oxidative particles. The oxLDL to low-density lipoprotein ratio (ox-LDL/LDL) and ox-LDL to high-density lipoprotein ratio (ox-LDL/HDL) as new lipid biomarkers may serve as a good estimation of oxidation and anti-oxidation in type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was first to examine ox-LDL/LDL and ox-LDL/HDL levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus compared to a control group and evaluate their diagnostic accuracies, and, second, to investigate the correlation of these two ratios with triglyceride and HDL levels...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163495/using-multistate-observational-studies-to-determine-role-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-as-risk-factors-for-dementia
#14
Mitasha Singh, Des Raj, Sunil Kumar Raina, Manoj Kumar Gandhi, Vishav Chander
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that modifiable risk factors which can be targeted by prevention are vascular diseases, such as diabetes, midlife hypertension (HTN), midlife obesity, midlife cholesterol, mid- and late-life depression as well as lifestyle factors such as smoking, physical inactivity, and poor diet. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the National Library of Medicine's PubMed database and Google Scholar was conducted. A combinations of medical subject headings and free text words that included search terms related to the exposure (e...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160265/comparison-of-different-obesity-indices-for-predicting-incident-hypertension
#15
Mohsen Janghorbani, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Masoud Amini
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is well recognized to be an important risk factor for hypertension (HTN), but it is not clear which obesity indices have stronger association with HTN. AIM: To evaluate the ability of different obesity indices, including visceral adiposity index (VAI), hypertriglyceridemic-waist (HTGW) phenotype, a body shape index (ABSI), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) as possible hypertension (HTN) predictor in a high-risk population...
February 4, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159426/the-relationship-between-24-hour-ambulatory-blood-pressure-load-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio
#16
Tolga Çimen, Hamza Sunman, Tolga Han Efe, Mehmet Erat, Haluk Furkan Şahan, Engin Algül, İlkin Guliyev, Ahmet Akyel, Mehmet Doğan, Sadık Açıkel, Ekrem Yeter
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is established as a reliable marker of systemic inflammation. Low-grade inflammation has a key role in the pathogenesis and progression of hypertension (HTN). Blood pressure (BP) load, defined as the percentage of abnormally elevated BP readings, is a good marker of HTN severity. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between HTN severity and NLR using averaged ambulatory BP readings and BP load. METHODS: A total of 300 patients with untreated essential HTN were included in this cross-sectional study...
February 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158510/reduced-blood-pressure-lowering-effect-of-catheter-based-renal-denervation-in-patients-with-isolated-systolic-hypertension-data-from-symplicity-htn-3-and-the-global-symplicity-registry
#17
Felix Mahfoud, George Bakris, Deepak L Bhatt, Murray Esler, Sebastian Ewen, Martin Fahy, David Kandzari, Kazuomi Kario, Giuseppe Mancia, Michael Weber, Michael Böhm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154597/early-and-midterm-results-following-interventional-coarctoplasty-evaluation-of-variables-that-can-affect-the-results
#18
Hossein Ali Bassiri, Seifollah Abdi, Omid Shafe, Javad Sarpooshi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stent coarctoplasty has been approved as the treatment of choice for adult patients with coarctation of the aorta. We have evaluated the early and midterm clinical and procedural results after interventional coarctoplasty. Also, variables that can affect these results were evaluated. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Gathering clinical, angiographic and procedural data, we evaluated the pre-specified outcomes, including procedural success, complications, the incidence of hypertension after coarctoplasty etc...
January 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149311/stress-as-a-risk-factor-for-noncompliance-with-treatment-regimens-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-hypertension
#19
Hamidreza Roohafza, Ali Kabir, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Pedram Shokouh, Masoud Ahmadzad-Asl, Ali Akbar Khadem-Maboudi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: We have assessed the role of stress on compliance of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) with taking prescribed medications and following dietary and exercise regimens. METHODS: A total of 9544 individuals more than 19 years of age were selected from three counties in central Iran. The presence of DM and HTN were asked from participants. We defined treatment adherence (compliance) based on agreement of individual's self-report behavior with recommendations from a physician...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148474/text-messaging-to-improve-hypertension-medication-adherence-in-african-americans-from-primary-care-and-emergency-department-settings-results-from-two-randomized-feasibility-studies
#20
Lorraine Buis, Lindsey Hirzel, Rachelle M Dawood, Katee L Dawood, Lauren P Nichols, Nancy T Artinian, Loren Schwiebert, Hossein N Yarandi, Dana N Roberson, Melissa A Plegue, LynnMarie C Mango, Phillip D Levy
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is an important problem in the United States, with an estimated 78 million Americans aged 20 years and older suffering from this condition. Health disparities related to HTN are common in the United States, with African Americans suffering from greater prevalence of the condition than whites, as well as greater severity, earlier onset, and more complications. Medication adherence is an important component of HTN management, but adherence is often poor, and simply forgetting to take medications is often cited as a reason...
February 1, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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