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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319598/allium-vegetable-intakes-and-the-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-hypertension-chronic-kidney-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-in-adults-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#1
Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Amir A Momenan, Fereidoun Azizi
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between habitual consumption of allium vegetables (garlic and onion) and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, hypertension (HTN), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Adult men and women, participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (2006-2008 to 2012-2014), were recruited. Habitual dietary intakes were assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318434/perceived-barriers-to-following-dietary-recommendations-in-hypertensive-patients
#2
Reza Mahdavi, Azadeh Bagheri Asl, Mohammad Asghari Jafar Abadi, Nazli Namazi
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most important public health problems in the world. Lifestyle modification including dietary changes such as following the Dietary to Stop Hypertension (DASH) plan is the first step to control HTN. The aim of the present study was to identify perceived barriers to following dietary recommendations in hypertensive patients in Zanjan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 200 outpatients (161 women, 39 men) with essential HTN (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥ 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure [DBP] ≥ 90 mmHg) were recruited from August to November 2012...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314642/hypotensive-effects-of-renal-denervation-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rat-based-on-ultrasonic-contrast-imaging
#3
Ke Li, Jinwen Tian, Yuxiao Zhang, Qiao Xue, Caiyi Lu
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic nerves-fire rate is generally enhanced in some types of hypertension models. Renal sympathetic denervation(RSD) by the radiofrequency ablation was used to treat the hypertension has achieved curative effect.HTN-1 and HTN-2 trial reported catheter-based renal denervation may cause substantial and sustained blood-pressure reduction in patients with resistant hypertension. However, recent controlled HTN-3 trial questioned the BP lowering effect of Renal denervation treatment...
February 9, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306675/hypertension-management-in-the-digital-era
#4
Richard V Milani, Robert M Bober, Alexander R Milani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension (HTN) is the most common chronic disease in the United States, and the standard model of office-based care delivery continues to yield suboptimal outcomes, with approximately 50% of affected patients not achieving blood pressure (BP) control. Poor population-level BP control has been primarily attributed to therapeutic inertia and low patient engagement resulting in significant and preventable morbidity and mortality. This review will highlight the rationale for a reengineered model of care delivery for populations with HTN...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306673/hypertensive-crisis-an-update-on-clinical-approach-and-management
#5
Emrah Ipek, Ahmet Afşin Oktay, Selim R Krim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Here, we review current concepts on hypertensive crisis (HTN-C) with a focus on epidemiology, causes, pathophysiology and prognosis. We also offer a practical approach to the management of HTN-C. RECENT FINDINGS: HTN-C is characterized by a severe and abrupt increase in blood pressure (BP) with impending or progressive acute end-organ damage (EOD). HTN-C can be divided into hypertensive emergency (HTN-E) and hypertensive urgency (HTN-U) based on the presence or absence of acute EOD, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302476/the-protective-effects-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-post-evar-aaa-growth-and-reinterventions
#6
Chien Yi M Png, Rami O Tadros, Ming Kang, William E Beckerman, Melissa L Tardiff, Ageliki G Vouyouka, Michael L Marin, Peter L Faries
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effect of diabetes on post-endovascular aneurysm repairs (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). METHODS: 1479 consecutive patients who underwent AAA EVAR were reviewed. The cohorts were divided based on their diabetes status and compared. Preoperative demographic and comorbidity data were analyzed using t-test and Chi-squared test while post-EVAR outcomes were analyzed using Probit multivariate model, followed by Kaplan Meier survival curve and Cox regression...
March 13, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302456/association-between-modified-shuttle-walk-test-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-overweight-obese-adults-with-primary-hypertension-exerdiet-hta-study
#7
Borja Jurio-Iriarte, Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, G Rodrigo Aispuru, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, Peter H Brubaker, Sara Maldonado-Martín
The aims of the study were to evaluate the relationship between Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) with peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak) in overweight/obese people with primary hypertension (HTN) and to develop an equation for the MSWT to predict V˙O2peak. Participants (N = 256, 53.9 ± 8.1 years old) with HTN and overweight/obesity performed a cardiorespiratory exercise test to peak exertion on an upright bicycle ergometer using an incremental ramp protocol and the 15-level MSWT. The formula of Singh et al was used as a template to predict V˙O2peak, and a new equation was generated from the measured V˙O2peak-MSWT relationship in this investigation...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300435/long-term-outcomes-of-lercanidipine-versus-other-calcium-channel-blockers-in-newly-diagnosed-hypertension-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#8
Kai-Hung Cheng, Kai-Chun Cheng, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Yi-Hsin Yang, Chung-Wei Lee, Wen-Ter Lai
OBJECTIVE: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been proved to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, especially in stroke. Lercanidipine, a highly lipophilic CCB, lacks data regarding long-term outcomes including: CV, stroke, renal and all-cause mortality which are aimed to be clarified in this retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 144630 newly diagnosed hypertension (HTN) (age: 18 - 65 y/o) patients in 2005 from the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database were enrolled in this observational study...
March 16, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282337/practice-level-costs-of-office-based-hypertension-performance-improvement-the-heart-healthy-lenoir-study
#9
(no author information available yet)
Primary care practice leaders who consider engaging in quality improvement (QI) need to understand the practice level costs incurred when asking staff to take on new tasks. The Heart Healthy Lenoir study is a prospective cohort trial in which QI methods were used to enhance hypertension (HTN) care and reduce racial disparities in blood pressure control in small rural primary care practices in North Carolina. As part of this effort, we performed an activity-based costing analysis to describe the costs incurred to develop, implement, and maintain key tasks...
March 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280305/adherence-to-recommended-lifestyle-modifications-and-factors-associated-for-hypertensive-patients-attending-chronic-follow-up-units-of-selected-public-hospitals-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#10
Abel Tibebu, Daniel Mengistu, Lemma Negesa
INTRODUCTION: One of the most prevalent noncommunicable diseases is hypertension (HTN). The availability of effective antihypertensive medications does not result in the expected outcomes in terms of controlling blood pressure. The rationale for these and other findings of uncontrolled HTN points toward poor adherence. The most neglected causes of uncontrolled HTN are unhealthy lifestyles. Few studies have been conducted to show the gap and magnitude of self-management adherence. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess adherence to recommended lifestyle modifications of hypertensive patients undergoing follow-up at chronic follow-up units of public health hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274819/impact-of-changes-in-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-hypertension-dyslipidemia-and-survival-an-overview-of-the-epidemiological-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Xuemei Sui, Mark A Sarzynski, Duck-Chul Lee, Peter F Kokkinos
Over the last fifty years, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has been firmly established as an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. Mounting evidence supports a strong and inverse association between baseline CRF and the risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and dyslipidemia. Accumulating evidence also suggests that improving or maintaining a certain level of CRF over time leads to lower incidence of HTN and dyslipidemia and improves survival. These findings are promising, with significant public health importance, and warrant further evaluation to elucidate the role of longitudinal changes in CRF during the lifespan on CVD morbidity and mortality, as well as all-cause survival...
March 6, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256486/the-prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-associated-factors-among-patients-admitted-at-princess-marina-hospital-gaborone-botswana
#12
G M Rwegerera, M Bayani, E K Taolo, D Habte
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a major public health problem worldwide. Due to the asymptomatic nature of CKD during earlier stages, patients tend to present late, missing opportunities for prevention. AIMS: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and assess the risk factors associated with CKD in patients admitted at Princes Marina Hospital. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Hospital inpatient setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A case-matched comparison study was done involving 86 cases and 86 matches by gender and age (± 5 years) from March 21, 2014, to May 31, 2014...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255209/do-advanced-glycation-end-products-and-its-receptor-play-a-role-in-pathophysiology-of-hypertension
#13
REVIEW
Kailash Prasad, Manish Mishra
There is a close relationship between arterial stiffness and blood pressure. The studies suggest that the advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and its cell receptor (RAGE) are involved in the arterial stiffness in two ways: changes in arterial structure and vascular function. Plasma levels of AGEs and expression of RAGE are elevated, while the levels of soluble RAGE (sRAGE) and endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) are lowered in patients with hypertension (HTN). There is a positive correlation between plasma levels of AGEs and arterial stiffness, and an inverse association between arterial stiffness/HTN, and serum levels of sRAGE and esRAGE...
March 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253217/increased-incidence-of-open-angle-glaucoma-among-hypertensive-patients-an-11-year-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Tyler H Rim, Sang Y Lee, Seo H Kim, Sung S Kim, Chan Y Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) among patients with systemic hypertension (HTN). METHODS: This retrospective propensity-score-matched cohort study included patients with HTN and a matched comparison cohort from the Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort database. The HTN group was defined as patients who were prescribed antihypertensive medication, or SBP at least 140 or DBP at least 90 mmHg. The OAG group was defined as patients satisfying OAG criteria during repeated visits to an ophthalmologist...
April 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247956/association-between-blood-pressure-and-magnesium-and-uric-acid-levels-in-indigenous-argentinean-children-at-high-altitude
#15
V Hirschler, C González, G Maccallini, C Molinari, L Castano
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between nontraditional risk factors such as magnesium and uric acid with blood pressure (BP) in Indigenous children. METHODS: A total of 263 school-aged indigenous children living at high altitude were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in November 2011. Prehypertension (preHTN) and hypertension (HTN) were defined by systolic and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90th to <95th percentile or ≥95th percentile respectively, according to age, sex, and height...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244566/reversible-states-of-physical-and-or-cognitive-dysfunction-a-9-year-longitudinal-study
#16
C Qualls, D L Waters, B Vellas, D T Villareal, P J Garry, A Gallini, S Andrieu
OBJECTIVES: To determine 1) age-adjusted transition probabilities to worsening physical/cognitive function states, reversal to normal cognition/physical function, or maintenance of normal state; 2) whether these transitions are modulated by sex, BMI, education, hypertension (HTN), health status, or APOE4; 3) whether worsening gait speed preceded cognition change, or vice versa. DESIGN: Analysis of 9-year prospective cohort data from the New Mexico Aging Process Study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243928/pathophysiology-and-potential-non-pharmacologic-treatments-of-obesity-or-kidney-disease-associated-refractory-hypertension
#17
REVIEW
Thierry H Le Jemtel, William Richardson, Rohan Samson, Abhishek Jaiswal, Suzanne Oparil
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review assesses the role of non-pharmacologic therapy for obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) associated refractory hypertension (rf HTN). RECENT FINDINGS: Hypertensive patients with markedly heightened sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity are prone to develop refractory hypertension (rfHTN). Patients with obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD)-associated HTN have particularly heightened SNS activity and are at high risk of rfHTN...
February 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243150/predictors-of-hypertension-in-an-urban-hiv-infected-population-at-the-university-of-calabar-teaching-hospital-calabar-nigeria
#18
Henry Ohem Okpa, Elvis Mbu Bisong, Ofem Egbe Enang, Emmanuel Monjok, Ekere James Essien
BACKGROUND: The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has remarkably improved the prognosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, at the expense of the development of long-term complications such as cardiovascular and renal diseases. Hypertension (HTN) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and its associated mortality. In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of HTN and to identify possible predictors among HIV-infected patients attending the HIV Special Treatment Clinic at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240685/assessment-of-cardiovascular-risk-and-vascular-age-in-overweight-obese-adults-with-primary-hypertension-the-exerdiet-hta-study
#19
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, Gualberto Rodrigo Aispuru, Simon M Fryer, Ainara Alonso-Colmenero, Estíbaliz Romaratezabala, Sara Maldonado-Martín
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension (HTN), obesity and low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are associated with an increased risk for a cardiovascular event. Enrolling overweight/obese individuals with HTN, the current study aimed to estimate cardiovascular risk (CVR) and vascular age (VA) profiles analyzing potential sex differences, determine whether VA is higher than chronological age, and whether CVR is associated with a low level of CRF. METHODS: Overweight/obese non-Hispanic White participants (n=209; 141 men and 68 women) with primary HTN had their CVR and VA determined using the New Pooled Cohort Risk Equations and The Framingham method, respectively...
February 24, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236910/hypertension-and-its-treatment-at-age-90%C3%A2-years-is-there-an-association-with-5-year-mortality
#20
Jochanan Stessman, Michael Bursztyn, Yoni Gershinsky, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy M Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between hypertension at age 90 years, treatment, and 5-year mortality. DESIGN: A prospective observational study of a representative community-dwelling birth cohort (born 1920-1921) by the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home-assessment. PARTICIPANTS: 480 subjects aged 90, examined 2010-2011. Measurements and Main Outcome: Hypertension was defined as treatment with antihypertensive medication, and/or sitting blood pressure (BP) > 140 mmHg systolic or >90 mmHg diastolic...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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