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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547738/implementing-health-promotion-activities-using-community-engaged-approaches-in-asian-american-faith-based-organizations-in-new-york-city-and-new-jersey
#1
S C Kwon, S Patel, C Choy, J Zanowiak, C Rideout, S Yi, L Wyatt, M D Taher, M J Garcia-Dia, S S Kim, T K Denholm, R Kavathe, N S Islam
Faith-based organizations (FBOs) (e.g., churches, mosques, and gurdwaras) can play a vital role in health promotion. The Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health for Asian Americans (REACH FAR) Project is implementing a multi-level and evidence-based health promotion and hypertension (HTN) control program in faith-based organizations serving Asian American (AA) communities (Bangladeshi, Filipino, Korean, Asian Indian) across multiple denominations (Christian, Muslim, and Sikh) in New York/New Jersey (NY/NJ)...
May 25, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544515/survival-rates-after-liver-transplantation-using-hypertensive-donor-grafts-an-analysis-of-the-scientific-registry-of-transplant-recipients-database
#2
Zhenhua Hu, Shengmin Mei, Jie Xiang, Jie Zhou, Zhiwei Li, Lin Zhou, Sheng Yan, Weilin Wang, Shusen Zheng
BACKGROUND: The use of grafts from hypertension (HTN) donors in liver transplantation (LT) has grown rapidly in recently, but whether HTN donor affects post-LT survival is unclear. METHOD: We used data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients database (2004-2008) and evaluated differences in baseline characteristics and outcomes between recipients of grafts from HTN and non-HTN donors. Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox regression models were used in assessing patient survival...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541499/hypertension-and-cardiac-arrhythmias-executive-summary-of-a-consensus-document-from-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-and-esc-council-on-hypertension-endorsed-by-the-heart-rhythm-society-hrs-asia-pacific-heart-rhythm-society-aphrs-and-sociedad-latinoamericana
#3
Gregory Y H Lip, Antonio Coca, Thomas Kahan, Giuseppe Boriani, Antonis S Manolis, Michael Hecht Olsen, Ali Oto, Tatjana S Potpara, Jan Steffel, Francisco Marín, Márcio Jansen de Oliveira Figueiredo, Giovanni de Simone, Wendy S Tzou, Chern En Chiang, Bryan Williams
Hypertension (HTN) is a common cardiovascular risk factor leading to heart failure (HF), coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, peripheral artery disease and chronic renal failure. Hypertensive heart disease can manifest as many types of cardiac arrhythmias, most commonly being atrial fibrillation (AF). Both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias may occur in HTN patients, especially in those with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), CAD or HF. In addition, high doses of thiazide diuretics commonly used to treat hypertension, may result in electrolyte abnormalities (eg...
May 25, 2017: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537054/utility-of-the-visceral-adiposity-index-and-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype-for-predicting-incident-hypertension
#4
Mohsen Janghorbani, Mohammad Reza Salamat, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Masoud Amini
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the utility of the visceral adiposity index (VAI) and the hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTGW) phenotype as possible hypertension (HTN) predictors in a high-risk population without diabetes and HTN. METHODS: Incident HTN over a 7-year follow-up was assessed among 1,375 first-degree non-diabetic and non-hypertensive relatives of consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes who were 30 to 70 years of age. HTN was defined as a blood pressure reading ≥140/90 mm Hg or the use of antihypertensive medications...
May 19, 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534086/neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-modulation-of-intracellular-ca-2-handling-overrides-fatty-acid-potentiation-of-cardiac-inotropy-in-hypertensive-rats
#5
Chun Li Jin, Ming Zhe Yin, Jin Chul Paeng, Seunggyun Ha, Jeong Hoon Lee, Peng Jin, Chun Zi Jin, Zai Hao Zhao, Yue Wang, Keon Wook Kang, Chae Hun Leem, Jong-Wan Park, Sung Joon Kim, Yin Hua Zhang
Cardiac neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is an important molecule that regulates intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis and contractility of healthy and diseased hearts. Here, we examined the effects of nNOS on fatty acid (FA) regulation of left ventricular (LV) myocyte contraction in sham and angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertensive (HTN) rats. Our results showed that palmitic acid (PA, 100 μM) increased the amplitudes of sarcomere shortening and intracellular ATP in sham but not in HTN despite oxygen consumption rate (OCR) was increased by PA in both groups...
May 22, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531239/current-trends-of-hypertension-treatment-in-the-united-states
#6
Shreya J Shah, Randall S Stafford
BACKGROUND: To examine current patterns of hypertension (HTN) treatment in the United States, including blood pressure (BP) control, prevalence of different antihypertensive agents, and variations in treatment associated with patient and physician characteristics. METHODS: We used data from the National Disease and Therapeutic Index (NDTI), a nationally representative physician survey produced by QuintilesIMS. We selected patients with a diagnosis of HTN and identified those prescribed antihypertensive therapies...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528376/isometric-handgrip-as-an-adjunct-for-blood-pressure-control-a-primer-for-clinicians
#7
REVIEW
Cheri L McGowan, David N Proctor, Ian Swaine, Robert D Brook, Elizabeth A Jackson, Phillip D Levy
Considered a global health crisis by the World Health Organization, hypertension (HTN) is the leading risk factor for death and disability. The majority of treated patients do not attain evidence-based clinical targets, which increases the risk of potentially fatal complications. HTN is the most common chronic condition seen in primary care; thus, implementing therapies that lower and maintain BP to within-target ranges is of tremendous public health importance. Isometric handgrip (IHG) training is a simple intervention endorsed by the American Heart Association as a potential adjuvant BP-lowering treatment...
June 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515710/resistant-hypertension-after-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage-is-associated-with-more-medical-interventions-and-longer-hospital-stays-without-affecting-outcome
#8
Daojun Hong, Dana Stradling, Cyrus K Dastur, Yama Akbari, Leonid Groysman, Lama Al-Khoury, Jefferson Chen, Steven L Small, Wengui Yu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is the most common cause of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The aim of this study is to investigate the role of resistant HTN in patients with ICH. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective study of all consecutive ICH admissions at our medical center from November 2013 to October 2015. The clinical features of patients with resistant HTN (requiring four or more antihypertensive agents to keep systolic blood pressure <140 mm Hg) were compared with those with responsive HTN (requiring three or fewer agents)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513229/abo-blood-group-is-a-risk-factor-for-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-with-poor-blood-pressure-control
#9
Bingyang Zhou, Naqiong Wu, Chenggang Zhu, Ying Gao, Yuanlin Guo, Ping Qing, Xiaolin Li, Yao Wang, Qian Dong, Jianjun Li
BACKGROUND: Few studies had examined the role of ABO blood groups on CAD in hypertensive patients with different blood pressure (BP) controls. METHODS: A total of 2708 patients with primary hypertension (HTN) were consecutively enrolled and underwent coronary angiography (CAG) due to angina-like chest pain. The severity of coronary artery stenosis was assessed by Gensini score (GS). Patients were divided into two groups due to results of CAG: HTN with CAD (n = 2185) and HTN without CAD (n = 523)...
May 17, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506758/decreased-homodimerization-and-increased-timp-1-complexation-of-uteroplacental-and-uterine-arterial-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-during-hypertension-in-pregnancy
#10
Juanjuan Chen, Zongli Ren, Minglin Zhu, Raouf A Khalil
Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy manifested as hypertension-in-pregnancy (HTN-Preg) and often intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Placental ischemia could be an initiating event, but the molecular mechanisms are unclear. To test the hypothesis that dimerization of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) plays a role in HTN-Preg and IUGR, the levels/activity of MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP-1), and their dimerization forms were measured in the placenta, uterus, and uterine artery of normal pregnant (Preg) rats and a rat model of reduced uteroplacental perfusion pressure (RUPP)...
May 12, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505045/resistant-hypertension-in-2017
#11
Sartaj Hans, John P Reilly
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension (HTN) is a ubiquitous condition and cause for significant morbidity and mortality. Over 400 000 deaths in the United States are related to HTN every year, more than all the Americans who died through all of World War II. As many as half the patients with HTN in the United States have resistant HTN, a blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg despite three medications including a diuretic. It appears that the prevalence of HTN and resistant HTN is increasing over time...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497091/restless-leg-syndrome-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-in-mashhad-hemodialysis-centers
#12
Niloufar Zadeh Saraji, Maryam Hami, Reza Boostani, Mohammad Javad Mojahedi
Introduction: Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a sensory motor disorder. Patients with this syndrome have serious and uncontrollable desire to move their legs, which is mostly due to an uncomfortable feeling intensified when they are motionless. It may be a genetic disorder or secondary to iron deficiency, neurodegenerations, pregnancy, some drugs and severe kidney diseases. Objectives: This study was designed to find out the prevalence and its risk factors of RLS in hemodialysis patients. Patients and Methods: This multicenter cross-sectional study was done on 260 hemodialysis patients...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494974/multiple-comorbidities-and-response-to-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-madit-crt-long-term-follow-up
#13
Emily P Zeitler, Daniel J Friedman, James P Daubert, Sana M Al-Khatib, Scott D Solomon, Yitschak Biton, Scott McNitt, Wojciech Zareba, Arthur J Moss, Valentina Kutyifa
BACKGROUND: Data regarding cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with multiple comorbidities are limited. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the association of multiple comorbidities with the benefits of CRT over implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) alone. METHODS: We examined 1,214 MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) study patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) and 0, 1, 2, or ≥3 comorbidities, including renal dysfunction, hypertension (HTN), diabetes, coronary artery disease, history of atrial arrhythmias, history of ventricular arrhythmias, current smoking, and cerebrovascular accident...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482815/hypertension-in-cameroon-associated-with-high-likelihood-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-pilot-study
#14
Alfred Kongnyu Njamnshi, Michel Karngong Mengnjo, Eta Ngole Mbong, Samuel Kingue, Julius Yundze Fonsah, Andreas Ateke Njoh, Leonard Njamnshi Nfor, Leonard Ngarka, Samuel Eric Chokote, Felicien Enyime Ntone
BACKGROUND: Although disordered sleep patterns predispose to hypertension (HTN), little is known on the effect of the latter on sleep patterns in sub-Saharan Africa. This study therefore sought to generate preliminary data on the likelihood (risk) of Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in hypertensive patients, with the aid of sleep questionnaires. METHODS: This case-control study, age-and-sex-matched HTN patients with normotensive participants, and compared sleep patterns in either group determined with the aid of the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
May 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476760/distribution-of-lacunes-in-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-and-hypertensive-small-vessel-disease
#15
Marco Pasi, Gregoire Boulouis, Panagiotis Fotiadis, Eitan Auriel, Andreas Charidimou, Kellen Haley, Alison Ayres, Kristin M Schwab, Joshua N Goldstein, Jonathan Rosand, Anand Viswanathan, Leonardo Pantoni, Steven M Greenberg, M Edip Gurol
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the burden of deep and lobar lacunes differs between patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) with definite/probable cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) per the Boston criteria and hypertensive small vessel disease (HTN-SVD; ICH in basal ganglia, thalami, brainstem). METHODS: We defined lobar and deep lacunes similar to the topographic distribution used for ICH and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs). We then compared their distribution between patients with CAA-ICH and those with strictly deep CMB and ICH (HTN-ICH)...
May 5, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472229/the-effects-of-urinary-albumin-and-hypertension-on-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-korea
#16
Mi Hae Seo, Jong-Young Lee, Seungho Ryu, Yu Sam Won, Ki Chul Sung
BACKGROUND: Urinary albumin levels and hypertension (HTN) are independently associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality. The effect of albuminuria on mortality in the absence or presence of HTN is uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of albuminuria and HTN on all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. METHODS: Mortality outcomes for 32,653 Koreans enrolled in a health screening including measurements of the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) at baseline and median follow-up of 5...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467149/is-preterm-placental-calcification-related-to-adverse-maternal-and-foetal-outcome
#17
Ashraf Jamal, Maryam Moshfeghi, Saeedreza Moshfeghi, Nooshin Mohammadi, Elahe Zarean, Nadia Jahangiri
This prospective cohort study aimed to evaluate the role of premature placental calcification in adverse pregnancy outcomes and identify its associated potential risk factors. We consecutively enrolled 293 women who presented to three academic medical centres from September 2011 to March 2013. Participants underwent transabdominal sonographies between 28-36 weeks of gestation in an attempt to determine placental maturity. We compared maternal and foetal outcomes between two groups of women, those with grade III placenta (n = 69) and those without grade III placenta (n = 224)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465782/comparative-study-of-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-morbidly-obese-patients-a-case-control-study
#18
Harshit Garg, Pratyusha Priyadarshini, Sandeep Aggarwal, Samagra Agarwal, Rachna Chaudhary
AIM: To compare the impact of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on weight loss and obesity related comorbidities over two year follow-up via case control study design. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing LRYGB, who completed their two year follow-up were matched with 40 patients undergoing LSG for age, gender, body mass index and presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Data of these patients was retrospectively reviewed to compare the outcome in terms of weight loss and improvement in comorbidities, i...
April 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462714/renal-denervation-therapy-can-it-contribute-to-better-blood-pressure-control-in-hypertension
#19
Costas Tsioufis, Kyriakos Dimitriadis, Athanasios Kordalis, Michalis Doumas, Dimitris Konstantinidis, Theodoros Kalos, Felix Mahfoud, Vasilios Papademetriou, Dimitrios Tousoulis
Although the first results from studies suggested important benefits regarding blood pressure (BP) control in resistant hypertension by the use of diverse systems of renal denervation (RDN) in the setting of resistant hypertension, the Symplicity HTN-3, randomized sham-controlled trial reduced the enthusiasm and led to a more critical approach towards this neuromodulation innovative therapy. Nowadays there is an ongoing research attempt to justify the pathophysiological background of RDN since overdrive of the sympathetic nervous system is one of the key mechanisms leading to the development and progression of the hypertensive and cardiovascular diseases...
April 26, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461828/from-clinical-considerations-to-theory-blood-pressure-variability-profiles-and-patterns
#20
Cretu Diana E, Japie Cristina, Weiss Emma, Bunea Magda, Frunza Sabina, Daraban Ana Maria, Bartos Daniela, Badila Elisabeta
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure variability (BPV) has recently been associated with adverse cardiovascular (CV) events, endothelial dysfunction as well as both CV and non-CV morbidity and mortality. Different BPV indicators have been associated with increased CV risk. METHODS: We included 744 hypertensive patients referred to our clinic for uncontrolled arterial hypertension (HTN) between 2012 and 2014, with a minimum of 40 successful daytime and 8 successful nighttime readings on automatic blood pressure monitoring (ABPM Meditech-05 device, recordings at 15-20 minutes intervals during daytime and 20-30 minutes intervals during nighttime)...
June 2016: Mædica
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