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E Charles Osterberg, Mohannad A Awad, Gregory P Murphy, Thomas W Gaither, Jennie Yoo, Jack W McAninch, Thanabhudee Chumnarnsongkhroh, Benjamin N Breyer
OBJECTIVE: To determine if traumatic renal injuries and/or computed tomography (CT) findings are predictive of HTN development following injury. METHODS: A retrospective review of a renal trauma database was performed from 1995-2015. Renal injuries were graded by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma system, with high grade defined as 4 or 5. Non-renal genitourinary (GU) trauma (i.e. bladder, penile, urethral, and testicular) patients were selected as controls...
March 12, 2018: Urology
Mahmood Yousefi, Mehdi Yaseri, Ramin Nabizadeh, Elham Hooshmand, Mohsen Jalilzadeh, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Ali Akbar Mohammadi
Hypertension is becoming a global epidemic for both rural and urban populations; it is a major public health challenge in Iran. Fluoride can be a risk factor for hypertension. Cross-sectional analysis was conducted in two study areas to assess the relation of fluoride with blood pressure prevalence, BMI, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) among different age groups in both sexes. The mean value of fluoride concentration in the drinking water from the four study villages varied from 0.68 to 10...
March 14, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Kazuaki Negishi
We are now entering the very exciting era of treatment and management of diabetes mellitus (DM) with the emergence of new therapeutic agents, including sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i). From a cardiology and echocardiography perspective, the existence of diabetic cardiomyopathy has been proven through over four decades of discussion. DM is highly prevalent in patients with heart failure (HF). Independent associations are found after adjusting for hypertension (HTN) and coronary artery disease (CAD)...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Hisayo Fujita, Seiji Matsuoka, Midori Awazu
BACKGROUND: Increase in blood pressure (BP) variability (BPV) is associated with cardiovascular events, target organ damage, and arterial stiffness in adults. We previously reported that 24-h BPV may be associated with arterial stiffness and underlie white-coat hypertension (WCH). In this study, we examined whether visit-to-visit variability (VVV) could predict WCH and whether VVV correlated with eGFR, eGFR slope, and albuminuria/proteinuria in children and adolescents with renal diseases...
March 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Tae-Keun Ahn, Jung Oh Kim, Hyun Woo Kim, Han Sung Park, Jeong Hyun Shim, Alexander E Ropper, In Bo Han, Nam Keun Kim
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is one of the most prominent diseases in postmenopausal women and it is increasing in prevalence with the aging population. Furthermore, osteoporosis and osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) are related to mortality and decreased quality of life. Therefore, searching for biomarkers that are able to identify postmenopausal women who are at high risk of developing OVCFs is an effective strategy for improving the quality of life of patients and alleviating social and economic burdens...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Zahra Laleh Eslamian, Elahe Zarean, Maryam Moshfeghi, Zahra Heidari
Background: Early prediction of adverse neonatal outcome would be possible by Doppler impedance indices of middle cerebral artery (MCA), umbilical artery (UmA), and descending aortal artery (AO) that result in decrease neonatal morbidity and mortality rate. The aim of the present study was a determination of optimal value for the ratio of MCA to descending aorta blood flow (MCA/AO) impedance indices and its comparison with the ratio of MCA to UmA (MCA/UmA) impedance indices and their relationship with neonatal outcome...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Philip Gerretsen, Julia Kim, Parita Shah, Lena Quilty, Thushanthi Balakumar, Fernando Caravaggio, Eric Plitman, Jun Ku Chung, Yusuke Iwata, Bruce G Pollock, Satya Dash, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Ariel Graff-Guerrero
Impaired illness awareness or not accepting that one has hypertension (HTN) may be an important predictor of treatment adherence and optimal blood pressure control. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of available instruments to evaluate HTN awareness, and subsequently present a novel scale that measures the core domains of subjective illness awareness in HTN. Based on the absence of any validated HTN specific measure identified through our review, the Blood Pressure Awareness and Insight Scale (BASIS) was developed (www...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Hengameh Abdi, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Erfan Tasdighi, Atieh Amouzegar, Ladan Mehran, Maryam Tohidi, Fereidoun Azizi
Longitudinal studies considering associations between thyroid function in the reference range (RR) with blood pressure (BP) are scarce and contradictory. We aimed to investigate the associations of serum thyrotropin (TSH) and free T4 (FT4) with different components of BP also incident prehyperetension (preHTN) and HTN during a 9-year follow-up. A sum of 2282 euthyroid individuals from an ongoing population-based cohort study were selected. A sex-stratified multivariate generalized estimating equation (GEE) method was employed...
March 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Chloé Pouvreau, Antoine Dayre, Eugene G Butkowski, Beverlie de Jong, Herbert F Jelinek
Background: Inflammation and oxidative stress are important factors associated with chronic disease such as essential hypertension (HTN) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the association of inflammation and oxidative stress in HTN with T2DM as a comorbidity is inconclusive due to the multifactorial nature of these cardiometabolic diseases. Methodology: The influence of pathophysiological factors include genetics, age of patient, and disease progression change throughout the lifespan and require further investigation...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
Jay Ian Lakkis, Matthew R Weir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hyperkalemia develops in a patient with systemic arterial hypertension (HTN) if one or more risk factors are present, namely chronic kidney disease (CKD) (especially severe stage 4-5 CKD), diabetes mellitus (DM), heart failure (HF), or pharmacological therapies that interfere with potassium homeostasis, mainly through renin-angiotensin-aldosterone inhibition (RAASi). Hyperkalemia is a considerable reason of morbidity (emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations) and portends a higher mortality risk in patients at risk; for instance, hyperkalemia increases the risk of mortality within 1 day of a hyperkalemic event...
March 1, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
Byung Jin Kim, Dae Chul Seo, Bum Soo Kim, Jin Ho Kang
BACKGROUND: The relationship between chronic smoking and hypertension (HTN) is inconclusive in previous studies, which were mainly based on self-reported smoking status. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of cotinine-verified smoking status with incident HTN.Methods and Results:A total of 74,743 participants (43,104 men; age 38±5.4 years) were included in the study, with a mean follow-up period of 29 months. Individuals were divided into 4 groups on the basis of their cotinine-verified smoking status at baseline and at follow-up (never-smoking, new-smoking, former-smoking, and sustained-smoking)...
February 28, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Zarmine Naccashian, Marianne Hattar-Pollara, Chong Alex Ho, Sareen Pateel Ayvazian
Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) along with associated risk factors among Armenian Americans living in Los Angeles. Methods After Institutional Review Board approval, a sample of 877 Armenian Americans was collected for 5 consecutive years (2011-2015) at a health fair. Collected data included: sociodemographic variables; cardiometabolic data, including systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, glucose (Glu), and lipids; anthropometric data, including height (Ht), weight (Wt), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and hip circumference (HC)...
February 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
Ana Carolina Rezende, Ludimila Garcia Souza, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Naiana Borges Perillo, Ymara Cássia Luciana Araújo, Samanta Garcia de Souza, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Humberto Graner Moreira, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de Souza, Maria do Rosário Gondim Peixoto, Paulo César Brandão Veiga Jardim
BACKGROUND: The best anthropometric indicator to verify the association between obesity and hypertension (HTN) has not been established. We conducted this study to evaluate and compare the discriminatory power of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in relation to body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in predicting HTN after 13 years of follow-up. METHODS: This study was an observational prospective cohort study performed in the city of Firminópolis, in Brazilian's midwest...
February 26, 2018: BMC Public Health
L G Dogara, A Hassan, S Awwalu, L Okpetu, A D Waziri, A A Babadoko, I B Bosan, H M Muktar
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem with an increasing prevalence worldwide. Anemia is one of its consistent and severe hematological complications although its mechanism is not fully elucidated. The primary defect could manifest as serum erythropoietin (sEPO) deficiency or EPO resistance. We set out to determine the erythropoietic response to anemia of patients with CKD and its relationship with their iron status in a cross-sectional descriptive study of 91 patients in various stages of CKD...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Evan L O'Keefe, James J Di Nicolantonio, James H O'Keefe, Carl J Lavie
A routine of light or moderate alcohol consumption (≤1 drink/day for women and 1 to 2 drinks/day for men) were associated with a lower risk for all-cause mortality, coronary artery disease (CAD), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), heart failure (HF), and stroke. Conversely, heavy drinking, (>4 drinks/day) is associated with an increased risk for death and cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD). Excessive alcohol intake trails behind only smoking and obesity among the 3 leading causes of premature deaths in the United States (US)...
February 16, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Trevor S Ferguson, Novie O M Younger-Coleman, Marshall K Tulloch-Reid, Nadia R Bennett, Amanda E Rousseau, Jennifer M Knight-Madden, Maureen E Samms-Vaughan, Deanna E Ashley, Rainford J Wilks
Background: Although several studies have identified risk factors for high blood pressure (BP), data from Afro-Caribbean populations are limited. Additionally, less is known about how putative risk factors operate in young adults and how social factors influence the risk of high BP. In this study, we estimated the relative risk for elevated BP or hypertension (EBP/HTN), defined as BP ≥ 120/80 mmHg, among young adults with putative cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Jamaica and evaluated whether relative risks differed by sex...
2018: PeerJ
Zengwu Wang, Zuo Chen, Linfeng Zhang, Xin Wang, Guang Hao, Zugui Zhang, Lan Shao, Ye Tian, Ying Dong, Congyi Zheng, Jiali Wang, Manlu Zhu, William S Weintraub, Runlin Gao
Background -Although the prevalence of hypertension (HTN) continues to increase in developing countries including China, recent data are lacking. A national wide survey was conducted from October 2012 to December 2015 to assess the prevalence of HTN in China. Methods -A stratified multistage random sampling method was used to obtain a nationally representative sample of 451,755 residents aged ≥18 years from 31 provinces in mainland China from October 2012 to December 2015. Blood pressure (BP) was measured after resting for 5 minutes by trained staff, using a validated oscillometric BP monitor...
February 15, 2018: Circulation
Masashi Kamioka, Naoko Hijioka, Yoshiyuki Matsumoto, Minoru Nodera, Takashi Kaneshiro, Hitoshi Suzuki, Yasuchika Takeishi
BACKGROUND: To investigate the impact of uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) on left atrial (LA) remodeling and clinical outcome after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: One hundred and one symptomatic paroxysmal AF patients (85 males, 62.2±8.4 year-old) who underwent successful PVI were classified as follows: group 1 (n = 46), no hypertension (HTN); group 2 (n = 36), HTN with controlled BP; and group 3 (n = 19), HTN with uncontrolled BP...
February 15, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Ling-Jun Li, Izzuddin M Aris, Lin Lin Su, Yap Seng Chong, Tien Yin Wong, Kok Hian Tan, Jie Jin Wang
AIMS: The cumulative effect of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) on postpartum cardio-metabolic diseases is equivocal. We aimed to assess the associations of GDM and HDP's individual and synergic contribution to risks of postpartum cardio-metabolic diseases (metabolic syndrome (MetS), abnormal glucose metabolism and hypertension (HTN)). METHODS: Of participants from a Singapore birth cohort, 276 mothers attending the 5-year postpartum visit were included in this study...
February 14, 2018: Endocrine Connections
Kaushik Annam, Allison J Chen, Irene M Lee, Alfred A Paul, Jorge J Rivera, Paul B Greenberg
Introduction: Cataract surgery is the most frequently performed surgery in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). A well-known complication is a transient but potentially harmful elevation in intraocular pressure (IOP) within the 24-h postoperative period. The purpose of this study is to investigate the risk factors for IOP elevation 1 d after cataract surgery in a cohort of United States (US) veterans. Materials and Methods: The study included 784 patients who underwent cataract surgery between April 2013 and April 2016 at a single Veterans Affairs medical center in Providence, RI...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
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