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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096253/generic-prognostic-factors-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review
#1
Majid Artus, Paul Campbell, Christian D Mallen, Kate M Dunn, Danielle A W van der Windt
OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence for generic prognostic factors across a range of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. SETTING: primary care. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: Comprehensive systematic literature review. MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsychINFO and EMBASE were searched for prospective cohort studies, based in primary care (search period-inception to December 2015). Studies were included if they reported on adults consulting with MSK conditions and provided data on associations between baseline characteristics (prognostic factors) and outcome...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086853/taking-action-to-reduce-pain-action-study-rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-trial-of-a-proactive-telephone-based-coaching-intervention-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-among-african-americans
#2
Rozina H Bhimani, Lee J S Cross, Brent C Taylor, Laura A Meis, Steven S Fu, Kelli D Allen, Sarah L Krein, Tam Do, Robert D Kerns, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventions designed to address these disparities. There is growing consensus that chronic musculoskeletal pain is best addressed by a biopsychosocial approach that acknowledges the role of psychological and environmental factors, some of which differ by race. METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological, self-regulatory intervention, administered proactively by telephone, at improving pain outcomes and increasing walking among African American patients with hip, back and knee pain...
January 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059962/intraoperative-micro-breaks-with-targeted-stretching-enhance-surgeon-physical-function-and-mental-focus-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#3
Adrian E Park, Hamid R Zahiri, M Susan Hallbeck, Vedra Augenstein, Erica Sutton, Denny Yu, Bethany R Lowndes, Juliane Bingener
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intraoperative targeted stretching micro breaks (TSMBs) on the experienced pain and fatigue, physical functions, and mental focus of surgeons. BACKGROUND: Surgeons are routinely subject to mental and physical stresses through the course of their work in the operating room. One of the factors most contributory to the shortening of a surgeon's career is work-related pain and its effects on patient safety and personal relationships...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983612/health-profile-of-construction-workers-in-hong-kong
#4
Wen Yi, Albert Chan
Construction is a manual, heavy, and complex sector concerning the most fatal accidents and high incidence of occupational illnesses and injuries resulting in days away from work. In Hong Kong, "Pilot Medical Examination Scheme for Construction Workers" was launched in 2014 to detect the health problems of their construction workforce. All registered workers under the Construction Workers Registration Board are eligible to join the scheme. The purpose of this paper is to assess the physical condition, physiological status, and musculoskeletal disorders of 942 construction workers in Hong Kong...
December 13, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#5
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904799/a-clinical-guide-to-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-breathing-pattern-disorders-in-the-physically-active-part-2-a-case-series
#6
Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Erin B Chapman, Alan Nasypany, Russell T Baker, Jim May
INTRODUCTION: Breathing pattern disorders (BPDs) are characterized by persistent, suboptimal breathing strategies that may result in additional musculoskeletal pain and/or dysfunction. The purpose of this case series was to examine the effects of Primal Reflex Release Technique (PRRT) and breathing exercise interventions in physically active individuals that presented with a primary complaint of musculoskeletal pain, a BPD, and startle reflexes. SUBJECTS: The assessment techniques described in Part 1 of this series were used to identify three student athletes (aged 16-22) who presented with musculoskeletal pain of the low back, mid back, and knee, BPDs, and startle reflexes...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904594/relationship-between-articular-and-nonarticular-manifestations-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#7
Alimohammad Fatemi, Hourossadat Hashemi Jazi, Mohammad Hasan Emami, Amir Kazemizadeh, Hamid Tavakkoli, Abbas Smiley
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal manifestations (MSM) of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are usually the most frequent extraintestinal manifestations. However, they are not paid enough attention during regular office visits. This cross-sectional study aimed to draw a clinical picture of MSM and their relationships with other findings in patients with IBD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients of our IBD cohort between March 2012 and September 2013 were consecutively evaluated...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891170/prevalence-and-predictors-of-musculoskeletal-pain-among-danish-fishermen-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Helle Østergaard, Jørgen Riis Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Fishermen work in a physically challenging work environment. The aim of this analysis was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of musculoskeletal pain among Danish fishermen. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Danish fishermen was done with application of the Nordic questionnaire regarding musculoskeletal pain considering lower back, shoulders, hand neck, knee, upper back elbow, hip and feet. In total, 270 fishermen participated in the study (response rate: 28%)...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852636/a-prospective-study-of-back-pain-and-risk-of-falls-among-older-community-dwelling-men
#9
Lynn M Marshall, Stephanie Litwack-Harrison, Una E Makris, Deborah M Kado, Peggy M Cawthon, Richard A Deyo, Nels L Carlson, Michael C Nevitt
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal pain is associated with increased fall risk among older men. However, the association of back pain, the most prevalent type of pain in this population, and fall risk is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a prospective investigation among 5,568 community-dwelling U.S. men at least 65 years of age from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study (MrOS). Baseline questionnaires inquired about back pain and its location (such as low back), severity, and frequency in the past year...
November 16, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764035/the-persistence-of-the-effects-of-acupuncture-after-a-course-of-treatment-a-meta-analysis-of-patients-with-chronic-pain
#10
H MacPherson, E A Vertosick, N E Foster, G Lewith, K Linde, K J Sherman, C M Witt, A J Vickers
There is uncertainty regarding how long the effects of acupuncture treatment persist after a course of treatment. We aimed to determine the trajectory of pain scores over time following acupuncture, using a large individual patient dataset from high quality randomized trials of acupuncture for chronic pain. The available individual patient dataset included 29 trials and 17,922 patients. The chronic pain conditions included musculoskeletal pain (low back, neck and shoulder), osteoarthritis of the knee and headache/migraine...
October 17, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725486/the-prevalence-of-low-back-pain-and-its-associated-factors-in-thai-rubber-farmers
#11
Chadayu Udom, Prawit Janwantanakul, Rotsalai Kanlayanaphotporn
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders in the general population, especially among manual laborers. Moreover, it often brings about lost wages and additional medical expenses. However, the potential risk factors for LBP are unknown. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of LBP and to determine the individual, occupational, and psychosocial factors associated with LBP among rubber farmers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 450 Thai rubber farmers using cluster random sampling...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689580/occupational-health-issues-in-small-scale-industries-in-sri-lanka-an-underreported-burden
#12
Inoka K Suraweera, Supun D Wijesinghe, Sameera J Senanayake, Hema D B Herath, T B Ananda Jayalal
BACKGROUND: Work-related diseases and occupational accidents affect a significant number of workers globally. The majority of these diseases and accidents are reported from developing countries; and a large percentage of the workforce in developing countries is estimated to be employed in small-scale industries. Sri Lanka is no exception. These workers are exposed to occupational hazards and are at a great risk of developing work- related diseases and injuries. OBJECTIVE: To identify occupational health issues faced by small-scale industry workers in Sri Lanka...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676740/musculoskeletal-disorders-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-a-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-department
#13
Sana Salah, Mariem Rekik, Iheb Bel Haj Youssef, Soumaya Boudokhane, Houda Migaou, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) department. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study (January-December 2013) in which we enrolled 193 patients with DM. General (epidemic and clinical) characteristics were measured. Statistical analysis was performed using the statistical software SPSS 16. RESULTS: The participants' median age was 58 years (20-86), 98 men (50...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662789/national-survey-to-evaluate-musuloskeletal-health-in-retired-professional-ballet-dancers-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
T O Smith, A de Medici, U Oduoza, A Hakim, B Paton, G Retter, F S Haddad, A Macgregor
OBJECTIVES: To explore the musculoskeletal health of retired professional ballet dancers in the United Kingdom (UK). DESIGN: Online national survey. PARTICIPANTS: Retired professional ballet dancers living in the UK. METHODS: The survey explored: what musculoskeletal injuries or diseases are experienced by retired professional ballet dancers; which anatomical regions were affected by musculoskeletal injuries or diseases in retired professional ballet dancers; whether ballet dancers were forced to retire from professional ballet due to musculoskeletal injuries or disease...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615042/-factors-influencing-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-military-personnel-during-basic-combat-training
#15
Jeong Min Yi, Gwang Suk Kim
PURPOSE: This study was done to examine physical, psycho-social, and individual factors influencing musculoskeletal symptoms among Korean military trainees. METHODS: Using a correlation study design, military trainees who had completed almost of all the basic combat training (BCT) days were recruited from two military training units selected by convenience sampling. Data from 415 participants were analyzed. RESULTS: Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was 29...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504465/kinematics-of-shooting-in-high-school-and-collegiate-lacrosse-players-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#16
Joseph G Wasser, Cong Chen, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) and motion alterations can occur in athletes who engage in high-speed throwing motions. The relationship between LBP and shooting motion in lacrosse players is not yet known. PURPOSE: To quantify the effects of LBP on key kinematic parameters of the lacrosse shot and determine the contribution of the severity of LBP on specific kinematic parameters of the shooting motion. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
July 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493990/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-perceived-work-demands-among-female-nurses-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-india
#17
Apexa S Raithatha, Daxa G Mishra
Introduction. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are common among nurses and can affect patient outcomes. There is a dearth of literature on MSD among Indian nurses. The study objective was to measure prevalence of MSD and their association with perceived work demands and sociodemographic variables among female nurses at a tertiary care hospital in rural India. Methods. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 2013 through interviewer administered questionnaires which comprised three parts: sociodemographic data, modified Nordic questionnaire, and perceived physical and psychological work demands...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477625/musculoskeletal-joint-pain-in-men-is-not-associated-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-or-daytime-sleepiness-but-is-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality
#18
Joule J Li, Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Andrew Vakulin, Gary A Wittert, Nick A Antic, Anne W Taylor, Robert J Adams, Catherine L Hill
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of musculoskeletal pain with objectively-determined obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and subjective sleep measures in a population-based sample. METHODS: Participants were community-dwelling men (n=360) aged ≥35 years from the Men Androgen Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress Study. Shoulder, back, hip, knee, hand, and foot pain were assessed by Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview or self-completed questionnaire...
July 31, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429562/a-systematic-review-of-dextrose-prolotherapy-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#19
REVIEW
Ross A Hauser, Johanna B Lackner, Danielle Steilen-Matias, David K Harris
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review dextrose (d-glucose) prolotherapy efficacy in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases PubMed, Healthline, OmniMedicalSearch, Medscape, and EMBASE were searched from 1990 to January 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Prospectively designed studies that used dextrose as the sole active prolotherapy constituent were selected. DATA EXTRACTION: Two independent reviewers rated studies for quality of evidence using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database assessment scale for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and the Downs and Black evaluation tool for non-RCTs, for level of evidence using a modified Sackett scale, and for clinically relevant pain score difference using minimal clinically important change criteria...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343238/are-group-based-and-individual-physiotherapy-exercise-programmes-equally-effective-for-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Mary O'Keeffe, Amy Hayes, Karen McCreesh, Helen Purtill, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal pain is common and its treatment costly. Both group and individual physiotherapy interventions which incorporate exercise aim to reduce pain and disability. Do the additional time and costs of individual physiotherapy result in superior outcomes? OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of group and individual physiotherapy including exercise on musculoskeletal pain and disability. METHODS: Eleven electronic databases were searched by two independent reviewers...
June 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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