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Back pain knee pain musculoskeletal

H MacPherson, E A Vertosick, N E Foster, G Lewith, K Linde, K J Sherman, C M Witt, A J Vickers
There is uncertainty regarding how long the effects of acupuncture treatment persist after a course of treatment. We aimed to determine the trajectory of pain scores over time following acupuncture, using a large individual patient dataset from high quality randomized trials of acupuncture for chronic pain. The available individual patient dataset included 29 trials and 17,922 patients. The chronic pain conditions included musculoskeletal pain (low back, neck and shoulder), osteoarthritis of the knee and headache/migraine...
October 17, 2016: Pain
Chadayu Udom, Prawit Janwantanakul, Rotsalai Kanlayanaphotporn
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders in the general population, especially among manual laborers. Moreover, it often brings about lost wages and additional medical expenses. However, the potential risk factors for LBP are unknown. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of LBP and to determine the individual, occupational, and psychosocial factors associated with LBP among rubber farmers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 450 Thai rubber farmers using cluster random sampling...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Inoka K Suraweera, Supun D Wijesinghe, Sameera J Senanayake, Hema D B Herath, T B Ananda Jayalal
BACKGROUND: Work-related diseases and occupational accidents affect a significant number of workers globally. The majority of these diseases and accidents are reported from developing countries; and a large percentage of the workforce in developing countries is estimated to be employed in small-scale industries. Sri Lanka is no exception. These workers are exposed to occupational hazards and are at a great risk of developing work- related diseases and injuries. OBJECTIVE: To identify occupational health issues faced by small-scale industry workers in Sri Lanka...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Sana Salah, Mariem Rekik, Iheb Bel Haj Youssef, Soumaya Boudokhane, Houda Migaou, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) department. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study (January-December 2013) in which we enrolled 193 patients with DM. General (epidemic and clinical) characteristics were measured. Statistical analysis was performed using the statistical software SPSS 16. RESULTS: The participants' median age was 58 years (20-86), 98 men (50...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
T O Smith, A de Medici, U Oduoza, A Hakim, B Paton, G Retter, F S Haddad, A Macgregor
OBJECTIVES: To explore the musculoskeletal health of retired professional ballet dancers in the United Kingdom (UK). DESIGN: Online national survey. PARTICIPANTS: Retired professional ballet dancers living in the UK. METHODS: The survey explored: what musculoskeletal injuries or diseases are experienced by retired professional ballet dancers; which anatomical regions were affected by musculoskeletal injuries or diseases in retired professional ballet dancers; whether ballet dancers were forced to retire from professional ballet due to musculoskeletal injuries or disease...
July 29, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Jeong Min Yi, Gwang Suk Kim
PURPOSE: This study was done to examine physical, psycho-social, and individual factors influencing musculoskeletal symptoms among Korean military trainees. METHODS: Using a correlation study design, military trainees who had completed almost of all the basic combat training (BCT) days were recruited from two military training units selected by convenience sampling. Data from 415 participants were analyzed. RESULTS: Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was 29...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Joseph G Wasser, Cong Chen, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) and motion alterations can occur in athletes who engage in high-speed throwing motions. The relationship between LBP and shooting motion in lacrosse players is not yet known. PURPOSE: To quantify the effects of LBP on key kinematic parameters of the lacrosse shot and determine the contribution of the severity of LBP on specific kinematic parameters of the shooting motion. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
July 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Apexa S Raithatha, Daxa G Mishra
Introduction. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are common among nurses and can affect patient outcomes. There is a dearth of literature on MSD among Indian nurses. The study objective was to measure prevalence of MSD and their association with perceived work demands and sociodemographic variables among female nurses at a tertiary care hospital in rural India. Methods. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 2013 through interviewer administered questionnaires which comprised three parts: sociodemographic data, modified Nordic questionnaire, and perceived physical and psychological work demands...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
Joule J Li, Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Andrew Vakulin, Gary A Wittert, Nick A Antic, Anne W Taylor, Robert J Adams, Catherine L Hill
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of musculoskeletal pain with objectively-determined obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and subjective sleep measures in a population-based sample. METHODS: Participants were community-dwelling men (n=360) aged ≥35 years from the Men Androgen Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress Study. Shoulder, back, hip, knee, hand, and foot pain were assessed by Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview or self-completed questionnaire...
July 31, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Ross A Hauser, Johanna B Lackner, Danielle Steilen-Matias, David K Harris
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review dextrose (d-glucose) prolotherapy efficacy in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases PubMed, Healthline, OmniMedicalSearch, Medscape, and EMBASE were searched from 1990 to January 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Prospectively designed studies that used dextrose as the sole active prolotherapy constituent were selected. DATA EXTRACTION: Two independent reviewers rated studies for quality of evidence using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database assessment scale for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and the Downs and Black evaluation tool for non-RCTs, for level of evidence using a modified Sackett scale, and for clinically relevant pain score difference using minimal clinically important change criteria...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
Mary O'Keeffe, Amy Hayes, Karen McCreesh, Helen Purtill, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal pain is common and its treatment costly. Both group and individual physiotherapy interventions which incorporate exercise aim to reduce pain and disability. Do the additional time and costs of individual physiotherapy result in superior outcomes? OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of group and individual physiotherapy including exercise on musculoskeletal pain and disability. METHODS: Eleven electronic databases were searched by two independent reviewers...
June 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Marjolein de Kruijf, Lisette Stolk, M Carola Zillikens, Yolanda B de Rijke, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Albert Hofman, Frank J P M Huygen, Andre G Uitterlinden, Joyce B J van Meurs
Chronic pain is more prevalent in women than in men, with increasing differences between sexes in advanced age. This could be caused by differences in sex hormone levels. We therefore studied the relationship between sex hormones and the prevalence and incidence of chronic pain. The association between sex hormone levels and chronic pain was examined in 9717 participants aged 45 years and older from the Rotterdam Study, a population-based study. Chronic pain was defined as pain in the lower back, hands, knees and/or hips for at least 3 months...
July 2016: Pain
Igor Larrañaga, Myriam Soto-Gordoa, Arantzazu Arrospide, María Luz Jauregi, Jesús Millas, Ricardo San Vicente, Jabier Aguirrebeña, Javier Mar
INTRODUCTION: The chronic nature of musculoskeletal diseases requires an integrated care which involves the Primary Care and the specialities of Rheumatology, Traumatology and Rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to assess the implementation of an integrated organizational model in osteoporosis, low back pain, shoulder disease and knee disease using Deming's continuous improvement process and considering referrals and resource consumption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A simulation model was used in the planning to predict the evolution of musculoskeletal diseases resource consumption and to carry out a Budget Impact Analysis from 2012 to 2020 in the Goierri-Alto Urola region...
June 16, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
Eric Kubat, Nicholas J Giori, Kimberly Hwa, Dan Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Obesity exacerbates pre-existing musculoskeletal disease and joint pain. This may limit physical activity in obese individuals. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the disease burden and impact of osteoarthritis of the lumbar back, hip, knee, and ankle in veterans undergoing bariatric surgery. SETTING: Veterans Affairs medical center. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospective bariatric database of operations performed at a single Veterans Affairs medical center...
February 20, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Fereshteh Asgari, Mohsen Rostami, Ali Rafei, Ramin Kordi
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) is growing quickly, as low back pain has assigned the first rank in Years lived with disability (YLDs) to itself globally, over the past two decades. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of chronic neck pain (CNP), chronic low back pain (CLBP), and chronic knee pain (CKP) and their related risk factors in the national Iranian population. METHODS: We analyzed data obtained through a cross sectional, population based survey of 7889 Iranian subjects who were between 30 to 70 years old...
June 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
Danyella Del Río Nájera, Susana Aideé González-Chávez, Celia María Quiñonez-Flores, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas, Norma Hernández-Nájera, César F Pacheco-Tena
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic diseases (RDs) represent a global problem for health care systems and patients. Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) is a low-cost screening tool for detecting musculoskeletal (MSK) pain and RDs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of MSK pain and RDs in clinic population in Chihuahua City, Mexico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 primary health clinics using the COPCORD methodology in subjects older than 18 years...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Jamal Al Saleh, Manal El Sayed, Nahed Monsef, Ebtihal Darwish
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of rheumatic diseases in the Emiratis attending primary health care (PHC) clinics in Dubai. The secondary objective was to study the relationship between age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) and rheumatic diseases in the general population. . METHODS: The Prevalence of Rheumatic Diseases and Osteoporosis (PRO) in Dubai study was a cross-sectional study, which randomly enrolled Emiratis' aged between 18-85 years old who attended one of 13 PHC clinics between 2 January 2009 and 31 December 2009...
March 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Sergio Guevara-Pacheco, Astrid Feicán-Alvarado, Luz Helena Sanín, Jaime Vintimilla-Ugalde, Fernando Vintimilla-Moscoso, Jorge Delgado-Pauta, Angelita Lliguisaca-Segarra, Holger Dután-Erráez, Daniel Guevara-Mosquera, Verónica Ochoa-Robles, Mario H Cardiel, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases in subjects over 18 years of age from the canton of Cuenca, Ecuador. Cross-sectional analytical community-based study was conducted in subjects over 18 years of age using the validated Community-Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) questionnaire. Random sampling was used. The questionnaire was administered by standardized health workers. Subjects were visited house by house. Subjects positive for musculoskeletal (MSK) pain in the last 7 days and at some point in life were assessed by rheumatologists to confirm the diagnosis...
September 2016: Rheumatology International
Trevor A Lentz, Jason M Beneciuk, Joel E Bialosky, Giorgio Zeppieri, Yunfeng Dai, Samuel S Wu, Steven Z George
Study Design Clinical measurement, cross-sectional. Background Pain-associated psychological distress adversely influences outcomes for patients with musculoskeletal pain. However, assessment of pain-associated psychological distress (ie, yellow flags) is not routinely performed in orthopaedic physical therapy practice. A standardized yellow flag assessment tool will better inform treatment decision making related to psychologically informed practice. Objectives To describe the development of a concise, multidimensional yellow flag assessment tool for application in orthopaedic physical therapy clinical practice...
May 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Endreddy Manikanta Reddy, Sandul Yasobant
BACKGROUND: Waste management is a necessary activity around the world, but involves a variety of health hazards. In a developing country like India, municipal solid waste is collected manually requiring heavy physical activity. Among all occupational health issues, musculoskeletal problems are common among waste collectors in the form of nonfatal injuries because of the presence of such risk factors (lifting, carrying, pulling, and pushing). We have thus conducted this study to evaluate musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among municipal solid waste (MSW) workers...
October 2015: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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