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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092997/the-orthopaedic-manifestation-and-outcomes-of-methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-septicaemia
#1
D Makki, T Elgamal, P Evans, D Harvey, G Jackson, S Platt
AIMS: The aim of this paper was to present the clinical features of patients with musculoskeletal sources of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) septicaemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 137 patients presented with MSSA septicaemia between 2012 and 2015. The primary source of infection was musculoskeletal in 48 patients (35%). Musculoskeletal infection was considered the primary source of septicaemia when endocarditis and other obvious sources were excluded...
November 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090335/the-prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-the-construction-industry-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Waleed Umer, Maxwell F Antwi-Afari, Heng Li, Grace P Y Szeto, Arnold Y L Wong
PURPOSE: Although individual studies have reported high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS) among construction workers, no systematic review has summarized their prevalence rates. Accordingly, this systematic review/meta-analysis aimed to synthesize MSS prevalence in different construction trades, gender and age groups, which may help develop specific ergonomic interventions. METHODS: Nine databases were searched for articles related to the research objective...
October 31, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077271/prevalence-of-rheumatic-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-rural-and-urban-areas-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northern-india
#3
Ragini Alok, Ragini Srivastava, Puneet Kumar, Siddharth K Das, Girdhar G Agarwal, Pooja Dhaon
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of rheumatic musculoskeletal symptoms in rural and urban areas of Lucknow. METHOD: The survey was carried out in a cluster of rural (n = 5118) and urban (n = 5053) communities of Lucknow through a door-to-door survey. Demographic data were collected and subjects with musculoskeletal pain (MSK pain) were identified. A Hindi adapted version of the Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases questionnaire was used...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046509/full-shift-assessment-of-back-and-head-postures-in-overhead-crane-operators-with-and-without-symptoms
#4
Maryam Nourollahi Darabad, Adel Mazloumi, Gabraeil Nasl Saraji, Davood Afshari, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged sitting with a flexed back and neck is recognized as being associated with an increased risk of neck and back pain disorders among overhead crane operators. The aim of this study was to compare back and head postures over a full shift of work between operators who experience back and neck pain, and healthy operators. METHODS: In a first phase, the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was assessed using the Nordic questionnaire among 120 crane operators...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037648/test-retest-reliability-of-myofascial-trigger-point-detection-in-hip-and-thigh-areas
#5
E Rozenfeld, A S Finestone, U Moran, E Damri, L Kalichman
BACKGROUND: Myofascial trigger points (MTrP's) are a primary source of pain in patients with musculoskeletal disorders. Nevertheless, they are frequently underdiagnosed. Reliable MTrP palpation is the necessary for their diagnosis and treatment. The few studies that have looked for intra-tester reliability of MTrPs detection in upper body, provide preliminary evidence that MTrP palpation is reliable. Reliability tests for MTrP palpation on the lower limb have not yet been performed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate inter- and intra-tester reliability of MTrP recognition in hip and thigh muscles...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036860/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-south-indian-hand-screen-printing-workers
#6
S Shankar, R Naveen Kumar, P Mohankumar, Srinivasan Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Hand screen-printing (HSP) plays a predominant role in textile industries in developing countries. Workers from HSP industry were mostly affected by musculoskeletal injury due to monotonous, and prolonged work nature and poor workplace environment. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) symptoms and risk factors associated among the HSP industry workers. METHODS: Cochran's sample size for categorical data was used to select 385 HSP workers of 1000 samples from various provinces of Tamil Nadu, INDIA...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951805/musculoskeletal-disorders-in-northeast-lobstermen
#7
Scott Fulmer, Bryan Buchholz, Melissa Scribani, Paul Jenkins
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to report on the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in lobstermen in the northeast USA. METHODS: Crews were randomly selected from those licensed to fish in Maine and Massachusetts and followed prospectively. The survey used a Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire format to characterize musculoskeletal disorders. RESULTS: A total of 395 individuals participated. One half of the respondents reported low back pain...
September 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888865/changes-in-foot-posture-during-pregnancy-and-their-relation-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#8
Francisco Javier Vico Pardo, Andres López Del Amo, Manuel Pardo Rios, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Cristina Castro Yuste
AIM: To examine foot posture changes during the three trimesters of pregnancy and to determine whether there is a relationship between these changes and the pain experienced in this period. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 62 pregnant women who attended the Gynaecology Service at Hospital ​Santa María del Puerto (Cádiz, Spain), between January 2013 and May 2014. In their first visit, the following sociodemographic and anthropometric data were recorded: age, weight, height and foot size...
September 6, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816770/prevalence-of-disability-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-and-rheumatic-diseases-in-a-population-from-cuenca-ecuador
#9
Sergio Vicente Guevara-Pacheco, Astrid Feican-Alvarado, Jorge Delgado-Pauta, Angelita Lliguisaca-Segarra, Ingris Pelaez-Ballestas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of disability in patients with musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases in Cuenca, Ecuador. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analytical study with randomized sampling in 4877 subjects, from urban and rural areas. COPCORD (Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases)-validated questionnaire was administered house-to-house to identify subjects with nontraumatic musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674135/mechanism-evaluation-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-who-are-overweight-or-obese-protocol-for-a-causal-mediation-analysis
#10
Hopin Lee, John Wiggers, Steven J Kamper, Amanda Williams, Kate M O'Brien, Rebecca K Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Elizabeth Campbell, Robin Haskins, Emma K Robson, James H McAuley, Christopher M Williams
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) and knee osteoarthritis (OA) are highly prevalent and disabling conditions that cause societal and economic impact worldwide. Two randomised controlled trials (RCTs) will evaluate the effectiveness of a multicomponent lifestyle intervention for patients with LBP and knee OA who are overweight or obese. The key targets of this intervention are to improve physical activity, modify diet and correct pain beliefs. These factors may explain how a lifestyle intervention exerts its effects on key patient-relevant outcomes: pain, disability and quality of life...
July 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671393/top-20-research-studies-of-2016-for-primary-care-physicians
#11
REVIEW
Mark H Ebell, Roland Grad
This article summarizes the top 20 original research studies and four practice guidelines of 2016, based on regular literature surveillance and as selected by members of the Canadian Medical Association. The studies, known as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters), were rated highly because of their relevance, validity, and potential to change practice. Key hypertension treatment findings include reduced mortality (a benefit not demonstrated in lower-risk persons or persons with diabetes mellitus) but also an increase in harms with a more aggressive blood pressure target in high-risk persons with hypertension and without diabetes...
May 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640822/effective-treatment-options-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-primary-care-a-systematic-overview-of-current-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Opeyemi O Babatunde, Joanne L Jordan, Danielle A Van der Windt, Jonathan C Hill, Nadine E Foster, Joanne Protheroe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Musculoskeletal pain, the most common cause of disability globally, is most frequently managed in primary care. People with musculoskeletal pain in different body regions share similar characteristics, prognosis, and may respond to similar treatments. This overview aims to summarise current best evidence on currently available treatment options for the five most common musculoskeletal pain presentations (back, neck, shoulder, knee and multi-site pain) in primary care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505228/associations-of-musculoskeletal-pain-with-mobility-in-older-adults-potential-cerebral-mechanisms
#13
Yenisel Cruz-Almeida, Andrea Rosso, Zachary Marcum, Tamara Harris, Anne B Newman, Michael Nevitt, Suzanne Satterfield, Kristine Yaffe, Caterina Rosano
Background: Musculoskeletal pain is highly prevalent and limits mobility in older adults. A potential mechanism by which pain affects mobility could be through its negative impact on the brain. We examined whether structural integrity of cerebral gray and white matter (WM) mediated the relationship between pain and mobility in community-dwelling older adults. Methods: Musculoskeletal pain, gait speed, and neuroimaging data were obtained concurrently from the Health ABC study (mean age = 83/56% female, n = 212)...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460714/core-outcome-sets-for-research-and-clinical-practice
#14
REVIEW
Alessandro Chiarotto, Raymond W Ostelo, Dennis C Turk, Rachelle Buchbinder, Maarten Boers
BACKGROUND: This masterclass introduces the topic of core outcome sets, describing rationale and methods for developing them, and providing some examples that are relevant for clinical research and practice. METHOD: A core outcome set is a minimum consensus-based set of outcomes that should be measured and reported in all clinical trials for a specific health condition and/or intervention. Issues surrounding outcome assessment, such as selective reporting and inconsistency across studies, can be addressed by the development of a core set...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389399/integrating-musculoskeletal-education-and-patient-care-at-medical%C3%A2-student-run-free-clinics
#15
Thomas McQuillan, Nate Wilcox-Fogel, Emily Kraus, Amy Ladd, Michael Fredericson
BACKGROUND: Student-run free clinics (SRFCs) have emerged as an important educational component of United States (US) medical schools. Despite the prevalence of musculoskeletal (MSK) problems presenting to SRFCs, students and clinics are often unprepared to diagnose and to treat common MSK complaints. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the scope of diagnosis and treatment at a medical student-run free clinic specializing in musculoskeletal care using physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residents...
April 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383311/musculoskeletal-pain-profile-of-obese-individuals-attending-a-multidisciplinary-weight-management-service
#16
Grace A MacLellan, Colin Dunlevy, Emer OʼMalley, Catherine Blake, Cathy Breen, Karen Gaynor, Natalie Wallace, Ruth Yoder, Domhnall Casey, John Mehegan, Donal OʼShea, Brona M Fullen
Obesity is associated with numerous chronic diseases, including musculoskeletal (MSK) pain, which affects on quality of life (QoL). There is, however, limited research providing a comprehensive MSK pain profile of an obese cohort. This retrospective study used a patient database at a national weight management service. After ethical approval, anonymized patient data were statistically analyzed to develop a pain profile, investigate relationships between pain, sleep, and function, and explore variables associated with having low back pain (LBP) and knee pain...
July 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361275/effects-of-spinal-stabilization-exercises-in-women-with-benign-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Seyda Toprak Celenay, Derya Ozer Kaya
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week lumbar spinal stabilization exercise program on pain, trunk muscle endurance, and postural stability in women with benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS). Women with BJHS were randomly allocated into exercise (n = 20) and control (n = 18) groups. The lumbar spinal stabilization exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. BJHS with Brighton criteria, musculoskeletal pain intensity with Visual Analog Scale, trunk muscle endurance with McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests, and postural stability as static and dynamic while eyes open and closed with Biodex Balance System SD were evaluated...
March 30, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269804/the-application-of-a-feasible-exercise-training-program-in-the-office-setting
#18
Ardalan Shariat, Eddie T C Lam, Mehdi Kargarfard, Shamsul B M Tamrin, Mahmoud Danaee
BACKGROUND: Previous research support the claim that people who work in offices and sit for a long time are particularly prone to musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this paper is to introduce an exercise training program designed to decrease muscle stiffness and pain that can be performed in the office setting. METHODS: Forty healthy office workers (age: 28±5.3 years old; body mass: 87.2±10.2 kg; height: 1.79±0...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225991/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-obese-patients-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery-and-its-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#19
Gabriela Calenzani, Fabiana Ferreira Dos Santos, Veronica Lourenço Wittmer, Grace Kelly Filgueiras Freitas, Flávia Marini Paro
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to identify the major musculoskeletal symptoms of individuals with obesity, to assess their health-related quality of life, and to evaluate the correlation between the musculoskeletal symptoms and the individuals' health-related quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. INSTRUMENTS USED: "Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire" and "The Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)"...
July 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168545/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-azar-cohort-population-in-northwest-of-iran
#20
Sousan Kolahi, Alireza Khabbazi, Aida Malek Mahdavi, Amid Ghasembaglou, Arezoo Ghasembaglou, Nayyereh Aminisani, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Fariba Heidari
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are considered as major public health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MSDs in Azar cohort population in northwest of Iran. Azar cohort study is a state level of a national cohort project (PERSIAN) which began in 2014. All adults over 35 years old in Khamene city in East Azarbaijan province were recruited for the pilot phase of the Azar cohort. For the purpose of the current study, a total of 952 subjects age range of 35-70 who completed the Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Disease (COPCORD) questionnaire as supplementary were included...
April 2017: Rheumatology International
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