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hyperthermia cancer

Maneea Eizadi Sharifabad, Tim Mercer, Tapas Sen
Liposome-capped core-shell mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles called 'magnetic protocells' were prepared as novel nanocomposites and used for loading anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) for cellular toxicity study. Cytotoxicity of the magnetic protocells with or without DOX was tested in vitro on commercial MCF7 and U87 cell lines under alternating magnetic field. MCF7 cell line treated with the DOX-loaded nanoparticles under alternating magnetic field exhibited nearly 20% lower survival rate after 24 h compared with cells treated with free DOX and similarly, it was around 24% when applied to U87...
October 19, 2016: Nanomedicine
N R Datta, S Krishnan, D E Speiser, E Neufeld, N Kuster, S Bodis, H Hofmann
Effective multimodal cancer management requires the optimal integration of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy, alone or in combination, are integral parts of various cancer treatment protocols. Hyperthermia at 39-45°C is a potent radiosensitiser and has been shown to improve therapeutic outcomes in various tumours through its synergy with chemotherapy. Gene silencing approaches, using small interfering RNAs and microRNAs, are also being explored in clinical trials in oncology...
October 3, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Cristian Iacovita, Adrian Florea, Roxana Dudric, Emoke Pall, Alin Iulian Moldovan, Romulus Tetean, Rares Stiufiuc, Constantin Mihai Lucaciu
Efficient use of magnetic hyperthermia in clinical cancer treatment requires biocompatible magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), with improved heating capabilities. Small (~34 nm) and large (~270 nm) Fe₃O₄-MNPs were synthesized by means of a polyol method in polyethylene-glycol (PEG) and ethylene-glycol (EG), respectively. They were systematically investigated by means of X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and vibration sample magnetometry. Hyperthermia measurements showed that Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) dependence on the external alternating magnetic field amplitude (up to 65 kA/m, 355 kHz) presented a sigmoidal shape, with remarkable SAR saturation values of ~1400 W/gMNP for the small monocrystalline MNPs and only 400 W/gMNP for the large polycrystalline MNPs, in water...
October 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Azadeh Kheirolomoom, Elizabeth S Ingham, Joel Commisso, Neveen Abushaban, Katherine W Ferrara
We previously developed a pH-responsive copper-doxorubicin (CuDox) cargo in lysolipid-based temperature-sensitive liposomes (LTSLs). The CuDox complex is released from the particle by elevated temperature; however, full release of doxorubicin from CuDox requires a reduced pH, such as that expected in lysosomes. The primary goal of this study is to evaluate the cellular uptake and intracellular trafficking of the drug-metal complex in comparison with intact liposomes and free drug. We found that the CuDox complex was efficiently internalized by mammary carcinoma cells after release from LTSLs...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Farah Benyettou, Jaen Alonso Ocadiz Flores, Florent Ravaux, Rachid Rezgui, Mustapha Jouiad, Samer I Nehme, Rajesh Kumar Parsapur, John-Carl Olsen, Parasuraman Selvam, Ali Trabolsi
Mesoporous iron-oxide nanoparticles (mNPs) were prepared by using a modified nanocasting approach with mesoporous carbon as a hard template. mNPs were first loaded with doxorubicin (Dox), an anticancer drug, and then coated with the thermosensitive polymer Pluronic F108 to prevent the leakage of Dox molecules from the pores that would otherwise occur under physiological conditions. The Dox-loaded, Pluronic F108-coated system (Dox@F108-mNPs) was stable at room temperature and physiological pH and released its Dox cargo slowly under acidic conditions or in a sudden burst with magnetic heating...
October 14, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Louis T Curtis, Hermann B Frieboes
Although extensive research effort and resources have been dedicated to the development of nanotherapeutics to treat cancer, few formulations have reached clinical application. A major reason is that the large number of parameters available to tune nanotherapy characteristics coupled with the variability in tumor tissue precludes evaluation of complex interactions through experimentation alone. In order to optimize the nanotechnology design and gain further insight into these phenomena, mathematical modeling and computational simulation have been applied to complement empirical work...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Xianxian Yao, Xingxing Niu, Kexin Ma, Ping Huang, Julia Grothe, Stefan Kaskel, Yufang Zhu
A multifunctional platform is reported for synergistic therapy with controlled drug release, magnetic hyperthermia, and photothermal therapy, which is composed of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) as caps and local photothermal generators and magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MMSN) as drug carriers and magnetic thermoseeds. The structure, drug release behavior, magnetic hyperthermia capacity, photothermal effect, and synergistic therapeutic efficiency of the MMSN/GQDs nanoparticles are investigated. The results show that monodisperse MMSN/GQDs nanoparticles with the particle size of 100 nm can load doxorubicin (DOX) and trigger DOX release by low pH environment...
October 13, 2016: Small
Yaoping Shi, Jianfeng Wang, Zhibin Bai, Yonggang Li, Longhua Qiu, Bo Zhai, Feng Zhang, Xiaoming Yang
Despite recent advances in surgical technique and treatment strategies for esophageal cancer (EC), to effectively manage the advanced (metastatic or disseminated) and recurrent EC still remain a great challenge. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using intra-esophagus radiofrequency hyperthermia to enhance local HSV-TK/ganciclovir-mediated suicide gene therapy of an innovative animal models with orthotopic esophageal squamous cancers. Human esophageal squamous cancer (ESCa) cells were labeled with lentivirus/luciferase...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Nadia C Lara, Asad A Haider, Jason C Ho, Lon J Wilson, Andrew R Barron, Steven A Curley, Stuart J Corr
For potential applications in nano-mediated radiofrequency cancer hyperthermia, the nanomaterial under investigation must increase the heating of any aqueous solution in which it is suspended when exposed to radiofrequency electric fields. This should also be true for a broad range of solution conductivities, especially those that artificially mimic the ionic environment of biological systems. Herein we demonstrate enhanced heating of biologically relevant aqueous solutions using kosmotropes and a hexamalonoserinolamide fullerene...
October 18, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
M Ravichandran, Goldie Oza, S Velumani, Jose Tapia Ramirez, Francisco Garcia-Sierra, Norma Barragan Andrade, A Vera, L Leija, Marco A Garza-Navarro
A multifunctional magneto-plasmonic CoFe2O4@Au core-shell nanoparticle was developed by iterative-seeding based method. This nanocargo consists of a cobalt ferrite kernel as a core (Nk) and multiple layers of gold as a functionalizable active stratum, (named as Nk@A after fifth iteration). Nk@A helps in augmenting the physiological stability and enhancing surface plasmon resonance (SPR) property. The targeted delivery of Doxorubicin using Nk@A as a nanopayload is demonstrated in this report. The drug release profile followed first order rate kinetics optimally at pH 5...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sheetal Parida, Chiranjit Maiti, Y Rajesh, Kaushik K Dey, Ipsita Pal, Aditya Parekh, Rusha Patra, Dibakar Dhara, Pranab Kumar Dutta, Mahitosh Mandal
BACKGROUND: Gold nanorods, by virtue of surface plasmon resonance, convert incident light energy (NIR) into heat energy which induces hyperthermia. We designed unique, multifunctional, gold nanorod embedded block copolymer micelle loaded with GW627368X for targeted drug delivery and photothermal therapy. METHODS: Glutathione responsive diblock co-polymer was synthesized by RAFT process forming self-assembled micelle on gold nanorods prepared by seed mediated method and GW627368X was loaded on to the reduction responsive gold nanorod embedded micelle...
October 6, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Chunfang Zhang, Yuan Yong, Li Song, Xinghua Dong, Xiao Zhang, Xiangfeng Liu, Zhanjun Gu, Yuliang Zhao, Zhongbo Hu
The combination of photothermal therapy (PTT) with gene therapy (GT) to improve PTT efficiency and thus eliminate cancer cells under mild hyperthermia is highly needed. Herein, multifunctional WS2 @polyetherimide (WS2 @PEI) nanoplatform has been designed and constructed for gene-photothermal synergistic therapy of tumors at mild condition. After a surface modification of WS2 with a positively charged PEI, the as-prepared WS2 @PEI nanoplatform can not only act as an efficient survivin-siRNA carrier for GT but also exhibit remarkable near-infrared (NIR) photothermal effects for PTT...
September 26, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
J Irani
: Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is characterised by a high risk of recurrence when performing only a transurethral resection of the bladder (TURB). Intravesical instillations are performed postoperatively to decrease the rate of recurrence. The standard agents currently used are Mitomycin-C (MMC) or bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). In order to further enhance the efficacy of the adjuvant treatments and/or diminish their side effects, alternative treatments are studied. Intravesical MMC combined with hyperthermia could be an interesting alternative active treatment for intermediate- and possibly high-risk NMIBC, and has been investigated in the past years...
October 3, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Mahdi Nabil, Paolo Zunino
The application of hyperthermia to cancer treatment is studied using a novel model arising from the fundamental principles of flow, mass and heat transport in biological tissues. The model is defined at the scale of the tumour microenvironment and an advanced computational scheme called the embedded multiscale method is adopted to solve the governing equations. More precisely, this approach involves modelling capillaries as one-dimensional channels carrying flow, and special mathematical operators are used to model their interaction with the surrounding tissue...
September 2016: Royal Society Open Science
Samira Eynali, Samideh Khoei, Sepideh Khoei, Elaheh Esmaelbeygi
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the combined effects of heat and poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles, as 5-fluorouracil carriers with/without iron oxide core, on the viability and proliferation capacity of human colon cancer cell line HT-29 in the spheroid model. HT-29 spheroid cells were treated with different concentrations of 5-FU or 5-FU loaded into both nanoparticles for 74 h. Hyperthermia was then performed at 43°C for 60 min. Finally, the effects of the mentioned treatments on cell viability and proliferation capacity were evaluated using the trypan blue dye exclusion test and colony formation assay, respectively...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Jie Yu, Ping Liang
Tumor ablation is defined as the direct application of chemical or thermal therapy to eradicate or substantially destroy a tumor. Currently, minimally invasive ablation techniques are available for the local destruction of focal tumors in multiple organ sites. Microwave ablation is premised on the biological response of solid tumors to tissue hyperthermia, and it is a relatively low-risk procedure. Due to several advantages of microwave ablation, including higher thermal efficiency, higher capability for coagulating blood vessels, faster ablation time, and the simultaneous application of multiple antennae, microwave ablation could be a promising minimally invasive ablation technique for the treatment of solid tumors...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Hyperthermia
A Fornes-Leal, C Garcia-Pardo, M Frasson, V Pons Beltrán, N Cardona
Several reports over the last few decades have shown that the dielectric properties of healthy and malignant tissues of the same body organ usually show different values. However, no intensive dielectric studies of human colon tissue have been performed, despite colon cancer's being one of the most common types of cancer in the world. In order to provide information regarding this matter, a dielectric characterization of healthy and malignant colon tissues is presented. Measurements are performed on ex vivo surgery samples obtained from 20 patients, using an open-ended coaxial probe in the 0...
October 3, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Zhibin Bai, Yaoping Shi, Jianfeng Wang, Longhua Qiu, Eric J Monroe, Gaojun Teng, Feng Zhang, Xiaoming Yang
PURPOSE: To investigate the technical feasibility of using ultrasound-guided intratumoral radiofrequency hyperthermia (RFH) to enhance local chemotherapy of rat orthotopic pancreatic cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Orthotopic pancreatic cancer masses were established by inoculating luciferase/mCherry labeled-pancreatic cancer cells into the pancreatic tails of Lewis model rats via a laparotomy approach. Twenty-four rats with pancreatic cancer and 24 mice with subcutaneous pancreatic cancer xenografts in four study groups (n = 6/group) received various treatments: i) combination therapy of intratumoral MR imaging-heating-guidewire-mediated RFH (42oC) plus local chemotherapy (gemcitabine); ii) intratumoral chemotherapy alone; iii) RFH alone; and (iv)phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Ningning Ma, Yao-Wen Jiang, Xiaodong Zhang, Hao Wu, John N Myers, Peidang Liu, Haizhen Jin, Ning Gu, Nongyue He, Fu-Gen Wu, Zhan Chen
Metallic nanostructures as excellent candidates for nanosensitizers have shown enormous potentials in cancer radiotherapy and photothermal therapy. Clinically, a relatively low and safe radiation dose is highly desired to avoid damage to normal tissues. Therefore, the synergistic effect of the low-dosed X-ray radiation and other therapeutic approaches (or so-called "combined therapeutic strategy") is needed. Herein, we have synthesized hollow and spike-like gold nanostructures by a facile galvanic replacement reaction...
October 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Bogdan Silviu Ungureanu, Cristian-Mihail Teodorescu, Adrian Săftoiu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary tumor of the liver, ranking as the second most common cause of death from cancer worldwide. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been used so far in tumor diagnosis and treatment, demonstrating great potential and promising results. In principle, three different approaches can be used in the treatment of tumors with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: magnetically induced hyperthermia, drug targeting and selective suppression of tumor growth. This review focuses on the use of iron oxide nanoparticles for the diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer and offers a walkthrough from the MNPs imaging applicability to further therapeutic options, including their potential flaws...
September 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
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