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Systematic review in urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873581/oncologic-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-diagnostic-ureteroscopy-before-radical-nephroureterectomy-for-upper-urinary-tract-urothelial-carcinomas-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Zefu Liu, Shiyang Zheng, Xiangdong Li, Shengjie Guo, Yanjun Wang, Fangjian Zhou, Zhuo Wei Liu
BACKGROUND: Owing to the aggressive nature of radical nephroureterectomy (RNU), it is extremely important for the diagnostic modalities to be accurate. The European Association of Urology guidelines recommend that diagnostic ureteroscopy (URS) and biopsy be performed for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UUTCs). But that diagnostic URS adversely affects oncologic outcomes still exist. In the current systematic review and meta-analysis, we had attempted to evaluate oncologic outcome of diagnostic URS before RNU...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808235/the-effect-of-shift-work-on-urogenital-disease-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Nanfu Deng, Nora M Haney, Taylor P Kohn, Alexander W Pastuszak, Larry I Lipshultz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Non-standard shift work schedules negatively impact the overall health of shift workers, and several studies have shown that shift work, specifically, is detrimental to urogenital health. The aims of this study are to systematically review the literature and determine the effect of shift work on the outcomes of hypogonadism, male infertility, lower urinary tract symptoms, and urogenital cancers. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence supports associations between non-standard shift work and an increase in the frequency of prostate cancer and the severity of erectile dysfunction, lower urinary tract symptoms, and hypogonadal symptoms, as well as worsening of semen parameters and fertility...
May 28, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796026/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#3
Mohamad Javad Foroughi Moghadam, Saeed Taheri, Farzad Peiravian
Cancer constitutes a huge burden on societies in countries with any level of economic development. Prostate cancer is the first most diagnosed cancer of men in developed countries and the forth one in developing countries in terms of incidence rate. It is also the third incident cancer of men in Iran along with a prevalence of about 10,000 cases. Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is a severe stage of the disease with a number of newly discovered treatment options. These therapeutic alternatives including abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, cabazitaxel, immunotherapy with sipuleucel-T, radiopharmaceuticals and bone-targeted therapies (zoledronic acid, denosumab) along with docetaxel have made the decision making process complex and challenging for clinicians...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774438/advances-in-lasers-for-the-treatment-of-stones-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Peter Kronenberg, Bhaskar Somani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Laser lithotripsy is increasingly used worldwide and is a continuously evolving field with new and extensive research being published every year. RECENT FINDINGS: Variable pulse length Ho:YAG lithotripters allow new lithotripsy parameters to be manipulated, and there is an effort to integrate new technologies into lithotripters. Pulsed thulium lasers seem to be a viable alternative to holmium lasers. The performance of similar laser fibers varies from manufacturer to manufacturer...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767327/follow-up-after-curative-treatment-of-localised-renal-cell-carcinoma
#5
REVIEW
Saeed Dabestani, Lorenzo Marconi, Teele Kuusk, Axel Bex
PURPOSE: Patients with localised renal cell carcinoma (RCC) receiving curative surgery, either radical or partial nephrectomy, have been shown in contemporary studies to develop recurrence within 5 years in 20-30% of case. Therefore, post-operative follow-up (FU) imaging plays a crucial role in detecting recurrent or metastatic disease. A number of prognostic scores have been developed to predict risk of recurrence. This review summarises the current knowledge on established FU protocols and their limitations...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746858/erectile-dysfunction-aua-guideline
#6
Arthur L Burnett, Ajay Nehra, Rodney H Breau, Daniel J Culkin, Martha M Faraday, Lawrence S Hakim, Joel Heidelbaugh, Mohit Khera, Kevin T McVary, Martin M Miner, Christian J Nelson, Hossein Sadeghi-Nejad, Allen D Seftel, Alan W Shindel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this guideline is to provide a clinical strategy for the diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature using the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane databases (search dates 1/1/1965 to 7/29/17) was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications relevant to the diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction. Evidence-based statements were based on body of evidence strength Grade A, B, or C and were designated as Strong, Moderate, and Conditional Recommendations with additional statements presented in the form of Clinical Principles or Expert Opinions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726092/intra-operative-cell-salvage-in-urological-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#7
REVIEW
Ned Kinnear, Michael O'Callaghan, Derek Hennessey, Heath Liddell, Bradley Newell, John Bolt, A/Prof Nathan Lawrentschuk
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the safety and efficacy of intra-operative cell salvage (ICS) in urology. METHODS: A search of Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library to August 2017 was performed using methods pre-published on PROSPERO. Reporting followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis guidelines. Eligible titles were comparative studies published in English utilising ICS in urology. Primary outcomes were allogeneic transfusion rates (ATR) and tumour recurrence...
May 3, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713545/systematic-review-of-hormone-replacement-therapy-in-the-infertile-man
#8
REVIEW
Amr El Meliegy, Ahmad Motawi, Mohamed Ahmed Abd El Salam
Objectives: To highlight alternative treatment options other than exogenous testosterone administration for hypogonadal men with concomitant infertility or who wish to preserve their fertility potential, as testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) inhibits spermatogenesis, representing a problem for hypogonadal men of reproductive age. Materials and methods: We performed a comprehensive literature review for the years 1978-2017 via PubMed. Also abstracts from major urological/surgical conferences were reviewed...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703686/risks-and-benefits-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-after-inguinal-lymphadenectomy-in-node-positive-penile-cancer-a-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-penile-cancer-guidelines-panel
#9
REVIEW
Richard Robinson, Lorenzo Marconi, Ekelechi MacPepple, Oliver W Hakenberg, Nick Watkin, Yuhong Yuan, Thomas Lam, Steven MacLennan, Temitope E Adewuyi, Alberto Coscione, Suks S Minhas, Eva M Compérat, Andrea Necchi
CONTEXT: Management of men with penile squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) who have high-risk features following radical inguinal lymphadenectomy (ILND) remains controversial. European Association of Urology guidelines state that adjuvant inguinal radiotherapy (AIRT) is "not generally recommended". Despite this, many centres continue to offer AIRT to a subset of men. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review of the evidence on AIRT in node-positive men with PSCC...
April 24, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662543/optical-improvements-in-the-diagnosis-of-bladder-cancer-implications-for-clinical-practice
#10
REVIEW
Tina Schubert, Steffen Rausch, Omar Fahmy, Georgios Gakis, Arnulf Stenzl
Background: For over 100 years white-light cystoscopy has remained the gold-standard technique for the detection of bladder cancer (BCa). Some limitations in the detection of flat lesions (CIS), the differentiation between inflammation and malignancy, the inaccurate determination of the tumor margin status as well as the tumor depth, have led to a variety of technological improvements. The aim of this review is to evaluate the impact of these improvements in the diagnosis of BCa and their effectiveness in clinical practice...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662542/meta-analysis-of-studies-comparing-oncologic-outcomes-of-radical-prostatectomy-and-brachytherapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#11
Gabriele Cozzi, Gennaro Musi, Roberto Bianchi, Danilo Bottero, Antonio Brescia, Antonio Cioffi, Giovanni Cordima, Maurizio Delor, Ettore Di Trapani, Matteo Ferro, Deliu Victor Matei, Andrea Russo, Francesco Alessandro Mistretta, Ottavio De Cobelli
Background: The aim of this study was to compare oncologic outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP) with brachytherapy (BT). Methods: A literature review was conducted according to the 'Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses' (PRISMA) statement. We included studies reporting comparative oncologic outcomes of RP versus BT for localized prostate cancer (PCa). From each comparative study, we extracted the study design, the number and features of the included patients, and the oncologic outcomes expressed as all-cause mortality (ACM), PCa-specific mortality (PCSM) or, when the former were unavailable, as biochemical recurrence (BCR)...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661588/impact-of-metabolic-diseases-drugs-and-dietary-factors-on-prostate-cancer-risk-recurrence-and-survival-a-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-section-of-oncological-urology
#12
REVIEW
Riccardo Campi, Sabine D Brookman-May, Jose Daniel Subiela Henríquez, Bülent Akdoğan, Maurizio Brausi, Tobias Klatte, Johan F Langenhuijsen, Estefania Linares-Espinos, Martin Marszalek, Morgan Roupret, Christian G Stief, Alessandro Volpe, Andrea Minervini, Oscar Rodriguez-Faba
CONTEXT: To date, established risk factors for prostate cancer (PCa) are limited to age, race, family history, and certain genetic polymorphisms. Despite great research efforts, available evidence on potentially modifiable risk factors is conflicting. Moreover, most studies on PCa risk factors did not consider the impact of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing on PCa diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To provide a detailed overview of the latest evidence on the role of metabolic diseases, drugs, and dietary factors for risk of PCa incidence, recurrence, and survival in men exposed to PSA testing...
April 13, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653162/inconsistency-in-the-definition-of-urinary-tract-infection-after-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-a-systematic-review
#13
Andrew W Stamm, Sarah A Adelstein, Andrew Chen, Alvaro Lucioni, Kathleen C Kobashi, Una J Lee
PURPOSE: In order to more accurately examine the rate of urinary tract infection following onabotulinumtoxinA injection of the bladder, we systematically reviewed the literature for definitions of urinary tract infection utilized in series that reported on onabotulinumtoxinA injections and assessed them for consistency with guideline statements defining urinary tract infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed via query using MEDLINE and EMBASE...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649079/in-search-of-mobile-applications-for-urogynecology-providers
#14
Shannon L Wallace, Shailja Mehta, Sara Farag, Robert S Kelley, Katherine T Chen
INTRODUCTION: Thousands of medical applications (apps) are available for mobile devices. Finding accurate, health care provider-centered apps may be time consuming and frustrating for urogynecologists. The objective of this study was to identify and evaluate urogynecology (urogyn) apps using a modified APPLICATIONS scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urogyn apps were identified from the Apple iTunes and Google Play Stores using the following 10 MeSH terms: urogynecology, incontinence, prolapse, urinary tract infection, pelvic surgery, fecal incontinence, defecation disorder, voiding disorder, urethral diverticulum, and fistula...
April 11, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642316/re-medical-treatment-of-nocturia-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-guidelines-panel-for-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626570/what-is-the-role-of-%C3%AE-blockers-for-medical-expulsive-therapy-results-from-a-meta-analysis-of-60-randomized-trials-and-over-9500-patients
#16
REVIEW
Omar M Aboumarzouk, Patrick Jones, Tarik Amer, Dimitris Kotsiris, Esteban Emiliani, Bhaskar Somani, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Thomas Tailly, Gohkan Atis, Francesco Greco, Stephan Hruby, Mario Alvarez, Khalid Al-Rumaihi, Ahmad Shamsodini, Abdulla Al-Ansari, Ahmed Shokeir
Use of α-blockers for medical expulsive therapy (MET) has been the subject of huge debate in urology. Moreover, there have been a number of randomized controlled trials with differing results. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating the efficacy of α-blockers for MET. This review confirms there is a role for α-blockers in MET for ureteric stones specifically in stones >5 mm and distal ureteric stones, which is associated with improved stone expulsion...
April 4, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613909/new-alpha-blockers-to-treat-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#17
Eu Chang Hwang, Shreyas Gandhi, Jae H Jung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To date it is unclear whether the selectivity of new alpha-blockers to alpha-adrenergic receptor subtypes translates into more clinical benefits and less adverse effects in clinical practice. We performed a systematic review of the two new Abs silodosin and naftopidil. With the availability of numerous alpha-blockers to treat lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia, the findings of this review will be highly relevant to the field of urology...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603869/implementing-assessments-of-robot-assisted-technical-skill-in-urological-education-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-the-validity-evidence
#18
Mitchell G Goldenberg, Jason Y Lee, Jethro C C Kwong, Teodor P Grantcharov, Anthony Costello
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and synthesise the validity evidence supporting intraoperative and simulation-based assessments of technical skill in urological robot-assisted surgery (RAS), and make evidence-based recommendations for the implementation of these assessments in urological training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search of the Medline, PsycINFO and Embase databases was performed. Articles using technical skill and simulation-based assessments in RAS were abstracted...
March 31, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576530/latest-evidence-on-the-impact-of-smoking-sports-and-sexual-activity-as-modifiable-lifestyle-risk-factors-for-prostate-cancer-incidence-recurrence-and-progression-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-by-the-european-association-of-urology-section-of-oncological
#19
REVIEW
Sabine D Brookman-May, Riccardo Campi, Jose D S Henríquez, Tobias Klatte, Johan F Langenhuijsen, Maurizio Brausi, Estefania Linares-Espinós, Alessandro Volpe, Martin Marszalek, Bulent Akdogan, Christina Roll, Christian G Stief, Oscar Rodriguez-Faba, Andrea Minervini
CONTEXT: Smoking, sexual activity, and physical activity (PA) are discussed as modifiable lifestyle factors associated with prostate cancer (PCa) development and progression. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the available evidence concerning the association of smoking, sexual activity, and sports and exercise on PCa risk, treatment outcome, progression, and cancer-specific mortality. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of studies published between 2007 and 2017 using MEDLINE (via PubMed), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science databases according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement criteria was conducted...
March 22, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564692/a-systematic-review-of-pfe-pre-prostatectomy
#20
REVIEW
S S Goonewardene, D Gillatt, R Persad
Male Stress Urinary Incontinence is a complication post robotic radical prostatectomy. This is a major problem that needs to be solved, since it has great impact on quality of life affecting the patient's physical activity and social well-being. A systematic review relating to literature on impact of preoperative PFE on continence outcomes for patients undergoing prostatectomy was conducted. The search strategy aimed to identify all references related to pelvic floor exercises and post-prostatectomy. Search terms used were as follows: (Pelvic floor exercises) AND (incontinence) AND (prostatectomy)...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
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