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Systematic review in urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645619/supporting-and-caring-for-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-in-the-urology-practice
#1
REVIEW
L E Conard
INTRODUCTION: Gender identity is a person's internal sense of gender, which may be different than the sex they were assigned at birth. Pediatric urologists are starting to see more transgender and gender non-conforming (TGN) youth and need to be able to provide culturally competent and appropriate care for these patients and their caregivers. This review will discuss common transgender terminology, specific health concerns and treatment options. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic literature review was performed on Medline(®), PubMed(®), and Google Scholar™ for key words transgender, gender dysphoria and gender identity disorder...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645491/systematic-review-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-in-urological-cancers
#2
REVIEW
Maud Rijnders, Ronald de Wit, Joost L Boormans, Martijn P J Lolkema, Astrid A M van der Veldt
CONTEXT: In patients with advanced and metastatic urological cancers, clinical outcome may be improved by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). OBJECTIVE: To systematically review relevant literature on efficacy and safety of ICIs in patients with advanced and metastatic urothelial cell cancer (UCC), renal cell cancer (RCC), and prostate cancer. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant databases, including Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, were searched up to March 16, 2017...
June 20, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618110/intravesical-vanilloids-for-treating-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-a-report-from-the-neuro-urology-promotion-committee-of-the-international-continence-society-ics
#3
REVIEW
Véronique Phé, Marc P Schneider, Benoit Peyronnet, Nadim Abo Youssef, Livio Mordasini, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler, Lucas M Bachmann, Thomas M Kessler
AIMS: To systematically assess all available evidence on efficacy and safety of vanilloids for treating neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Studies were identified by electronic search of Cochrane register, Embase, Medline, Scopus, (last search January 8, 2016)...
June 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616110/pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-primer-for-urologists
#4
REVIEW
Michel Bureau, Kevin V Carlson
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) results from weakness or injury of the pelvic floor supports with resulting descent of one or more vaginal compartments (anterior, apical and/or posterior). Women typically become symptomatic from the bulging vaginal wall or related organ dysfunction once this descent reaches the introitus. POP is a common condition, affecting more than half of adult women. Many women presenting to an urologist for stress urinary incontinence or overactive bladder will have associated POP; therefore, it is important for urologists who treat these conditions to be familiar with its diagnosis and management...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559773/neuroendocrine-testicular-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Mseddi M Amine, Bouzguenda Mohamed, Hadjslimane Mourad, Hamza Majed, Charfi Slim, Bouassida Mehdi, Mnif Hela, Rebai Nouri, Kallel Rim, Boudaouara Tahya, Mhiri M Nabil
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to study the main epidemiological, clinical, para clinical, pathological, therapeutic, and evolutionary features of patients with testicular neuroendocrine tumors (TNET). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine case series and sixteen case reports were identified by searching PubMed database and qualified for inclusion in this study. We added the data of one case treated in the department of urology in Habib Bourguiba Hospital in Sfax, to the published cases...
April 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548282/estimating-the-effect-of-immortal-time-bias-in-urologic-research-a-case-example-of-testosterone-replacement-therapy
#6
Christopher J D Wallis, Refik Saskin, Steven A Narod, Calvin Law, Girish S Kulkarni, Arun Seth, Robert K Nam
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of immortal-time bias in an observational study examining the effect of cumulative testosterone exposure on mortality. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We used a population-based matched cohort study of men aged 66 and older newly treated with testosterone replacement therapy and matched-controls from 2007-2012 in Ontario, Canada to quantify the effects of immortal-time bias. We used generalized estimating equations to determine the association between cumulative testosterone replacement therapy exposure and mortality...
May 26, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544294/factors-affecting-the-timeliness-and-adequacy-of-haematuria-assessment-in-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Brian Ngo, Marlon Perera, Nathan Papa, Damien Bolton, Shomik Sengupta
OBJECTIVES: To review the literature to identify factors affecting haematuria assessment in bladder cancer. METHODS: We performed a systematic review in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Publications indexed in EMBASE and Medline (PubMed) in March 2016 were searched, using the keywords 'hematuria', 'urinary bladder neoplasm(s)' and 'bladder tumor'. Studies evaluating the timeliness and adequacy of haematuria assessment in the context of bladder cancer were included...
May 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522928/systematic-review-of-open-versus-laparoscopic-versus-robot-assisted-nephroureterectomy
#8
Emma Mullen, Kamran Ahmed, Ben Challacombe
Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is a relatively uncommon malignancy. The gold standard treatment for this type of neoplasm is an open radical nephroureterectomy with excision of the bladder cuff. This systematic review compares the perioperative and oncologic outcomes for the open surgical method with the alternative surgical management options of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and robot-assisted nephroureterectomy (RANU). MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases were searched using a sensitive search strategy...
2017: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515817/systematic-review-of-the-potential-role-of-cannabinoids-as-antiproliferative-agents-for-urological-cancers
#9
REVIEW
Shreyas Gandhi, Gaurav Vasisth, Anil Kapoor
INTRODUCTION: The palliative effects of cannabis sativa (marijuana), which include appetite stimulation, attenuation of nausea and emesis, and pain relief, are well known. The active components of cannabis sativa (cannabinoids) and their derivatives have received growing interest due to their diverse pharmacological activities, such as cell growth inhibition and tumour regression. The aim of this review is to look at the current evidence on the antiproliferative effects of cannabinoids in urological malignancies, including renal, prostate, bladder, and testicular cancers...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505037/getting-ready-for-the-first-robotic-prostatectomy-from-basics-to-real-practice
#10
Christian Wagner, Victor Srougi, Rafael Sanchez-Salas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has been embraced by urologists and has become a treatment standard in many countries already. Learning how to perform a RARP is challenging and has not yet been standardized. The current review summarizes the latest concepts regarding the most effective way of training for RARP. RECENT FINDINGS: The strategy to learn RARP should comprise didactic activities, skills lab training, participating in surgeries and mentorship...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497404/sexual-dysfunction-following-rectal-cancer-surgery
#11
REVIEW
V Celentano, R Cohen, J Warusavitarne, O Faiz, M Chand
INTRODUCTION: Sexual and urological problems after surgery for rectal cancer are common, multifactorial, inadequately discussed, and untreated. The urogenital function is dependent on dual autonomic sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation, and four key danger zones exist that are at risk for nerve damage during colorectal surgery: one of these sites is in the abdomen and three are in the pelvis. The aim of this study is to systematically review the epidemiology of sexual dysfunction following rectal cancer surgery, to describe the anatomical basis of autonomic nerve-preserving techniques, and to explore the scientific evidence available to support the laparoscopic or robotic approach over open surgery...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479236/evidence-for-the-impact-of-diet-fluid-intake-caffeine-alcohol-and-tobacco-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Catherine S Bradley, Bradley A Erickson, Emily E Messersmith, Anne P Cameron, H Henry Lai, Karl J Kreder, Claire C Yang, Robert M Merion, Tamara G Bavendam, Ziya Kirkali
PURPOSE: Foods, fluid intake, caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco may influence lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Changes in these potentially modifiable non-urologic factors (NUF) are often suggested to improve LUTS. To better understand the relationship of NUFs with LUTS, we performed a systematic literature review to examine, grade, and summarize reported associations between LUTS and diet, fluid intake, caffeine, tobacco and alcohol use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed PubMed searches for eligible articles providing evidence on associations between one or more NUF and LUTS...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462806/role-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-antenatal-hydronephrosis-a-systematic-review-from-the-european-association-of-urology-european-society-for-paediatric-urology-guidelines-panel
#13
REVIEW
Mesrur Selcuk Silay, Shabnam Undre, Arjun K Nambiar, Hasan Serkan Dogan, Radim Kocvara, Rien J M Nijman, Raimund Stein, Serdar Tekgul, Christian Radmayr
BACKGROUND: The benefits and harms of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) versus observation in patients with antenatal hydronephrosis (ANH) are controversial. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the effectiveness of CAP for ANH, and if beneficial to determine the best type and regimen of antibiotic and the most harmful to provide guidance for clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in databases including Medline, Embase, and Cochrane in June 2015...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457661/prognostic-performance-and-reproducibility-of-the-1973-and-2004-2016-world-health-organization-grading-classification-systems-in-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-european-association-of-urology-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-guidelines-panel-systematic
#14
Viktor Soukup, Otakar Čapoun, Daniel Cohen, Virginia Hernández, Marek Babjuk, Max Burger, Eva Compérat, Paolo Gontero, Thomas Lam, Steven MacLennan, A Hugh Mostafid, Joan Palou, Bas W G van Rhijn, Morgan Rouprêt, Shahrokh F Shariat, Richard Sylvester, Yuhong Yuan, Richard Zigeuner
CONTEXT: Tumour grade is an important prognostic indicator in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Histopathological classifications are limited by interobserver variability (reproducibility), which may have prognostic implications. European Association of Urology NMIBC guidelines suggest concurrent use of both 1973 and 2004/2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classifications. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prognostic performance and reproducibility of the 1973 and 2004/2016 WHO grading systems for NMIBC...
April 27, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456671/lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-systematic-review-of-complication-rates
#15
Fady Y Hijji, Ankur S Narain, Daniel D Bohl, Junyoung Ahn, William W Long, Jacob V DiBattista, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kern Singh
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a frequently utilized technique for the treatment of lumbar pathology. Despite its overall success, LLIF has been associated with a unique set of complications. However, there has been inconsistent evidence regarding the complication rate of this approach. PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review analyzing the rates of medical and surgical complications associated with LLIF. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic Review PATIENT SAMPLE: 6819 patients who underwent LLIF reported in clinical studies through June 2016...
April 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456635/treatment-of-non-metastatic-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-aua-asco-astro-suo-guideline
#16
Sam S Chang, Bernard H Bochner, Roger Chou, Robert Dreicer, Ashish M Kamat, Seth P Lerner, Yair Lotan, Joshua J Meeks, Jeff M Michalski, Todd M Morgan, Diane Z Quale, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Anthony L Zietman, Jeffrey M Holzbeierlein
PURPOSE: This multi-disciplinary, evidence-based guideline for clinically non-metastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer focuses on the evaluation, treatment, and surveillance of muscle-invasive bladder cancer guided toward curative intent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review utilizing research from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) as well as additional supplementation by the authors and consultant methodologists was used to develop the guideline...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455578/-epidemiology-diagnostics-therapy-prevention-and-management-of-uncomplicated-bacterial-outpatient-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-in-adult-patients-update-2017-of-the-interdisciplinary-awmf-s3-guideline
#17
REVIEW
J Kranz, S Schmidt, C Lebert, L Schneidewind, W Vahlensieck, U Sester, R Fünfstück, S Helbig, W Hofmann, E Hummers, M Kunze, E Kniehl, K Naber, F Mandraka, B Mündner-Hensen, G Schmiemann, F M E Wagenlehner
BACKGROUND: Update of the 2010 published evidence-based S3 guideline on epidemiology, diagnostics, therapy and management of uncomplicated, bacterial, outpatient-acquired urinary tract infections in adult patients. The guideline contains current evidence for the rational use of antimicrobial substances, avoidance of inappropriate use of certain antibiotic classes and development of resistance. METHODOLOGY: The update was created under the leadership of the German Association of Urology (DGU)...
April 28, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426464/comparative-effectiveness-in-urology-a-state-of-the-art-review-utilizing-a-systematic-approach
#18
Jathin Bandari, Charles B Wessel, Bruce L Jacobs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Comparative effectiveness research plays a vital role in healthcare delivery by guiding evidence-based practices. We performed a state-of-the-art review of comparative effectiveness research in the urology literature for 2016, utilizing a systematic approach. Seven high-impact papers are reviewed in detail. RECENT FINDINGS: Across the breadth of urology, there were several important studies in comparative effectiveness research, of which we will highlight two randomized controlled trials and five observational trials: radiotherapy, prostatectomy, and active monitoring have equivalent mortality outcomes in patients with localized prostate cancer; the ideal modality of patient education is yet to be determined, and written education has minimal effect on patient perception of prostate specific antigen screening; robotic prostatectomy is associated with higher perioperative complication rates on a population basis; racial disparities exist in incontinence rates after treatment for localized prostate cancer, but not in irritative, bowel, or sexual function; androgen deprivation therapy is associated with higher fracture, peripheral artery disease, and cardiac-related complications than bilateral orchiectomy; robotic and open cystectomy offer comparable cancer-specific mortality and perioperative outcomes; and bonuses for low-cost hospitals can inadvertently reward low-quality hospitals...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417341/external-validation-of-a-nomogram-including-the-computed-tomography-imaging-score-to-predict-indolent-renal-masses
#19
X Chen, B Wan, D Yang, H Zhao, W Tan
PURPOSE: To assess a nomogram including the computed tomography (CT) score and body mass index (BMI) that was constructed to predict indolent diseases in a cohort of patients with renal masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data collected from patients undergoing partial nephrectomy (PN) or radical nephrectomy (RN) between January 2012 and September 2016 were analyzed. Two urologic surgeons and a radiologist reviewed the images to determine the CT score. Postoperative pathological assessment was performed to categorize renal masses as either indolent or aggressive...
July 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413135/a-systematic-review-of-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-neurogenic-hyperactivity-of-the-detrusor-muscle
#20
A Borau, J M Adot, M Allué, S Arlandis, D Castro, M Esteban, J Salinas
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic detrusor hyperactivity (NDH) is a urodynamic observation characterised by involuntary detrusor contractions during the filling phase that are caused by an underlying neurological disease. The common and severe complications that can result from NDH warrant the preparation of healthcare protocols for the proper management of patients with NDH. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to standardise the criteria for the decision-making process in the management of patients with diagnosed or suspected NDH, providing personalised medical care...
April 13, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
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