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Systematic review in urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213859/recurrence-in-localized-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-of-contemporary-data
#1
REVIEW
Jacqueline M Speed, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Toni K Choueiri, Maxine Sun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are at risk of recurrence. The purpose of this review was to characterize the literature on recurrence rates and risk factors after diagnosis of localized RCC. RECENT FINDINGS: Our search revealed that existing data examining the prevalence of recurrence rates predominantly originates from cohorts of patients diagnosed and treated in the 1980s to 1990s, and may therefore not be as useful for counseling for current patients today...
February 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202196/vulvar-postoperative-care-gestalt-or-evidence-based-medicine-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Alon D Altman, Christine Robinson
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews all current literature for vulvar postoperative care, and forms a summary of evidence based practice. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Cochrane Library, CINHAL, Web of Science Core Collection, PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, clinicaltrials.gov and Medline databases were searched. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Various combinations of key-terms were used to identify relevant articles. All identified primary research articles and review articles were then examined with their references in order to identify further relevant studies...
February 12, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179286/italian-prostate-biopsies-group-2016-updated-guidelines-insights
#3
REVIEW
Andrea Fandella, Vincenzo Scattoni, Andrea Galosi, Pietro Pepe, Michelangelo Fiorentino, Caterina Gaudiano, Marco Giampaoli, Roberta Gunelli, Pasquale Martino, Vittorino Montanaro, Rodolfo Montironi, Tiziana Pierangeli, Armando Stabile, Alessandro Bertaccini
AIM: To present a summary of the updated guidelines of the Italian Prostate Biopsies Group following the best recent evidence of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the new data emerging from 2012-2015 was performed by a panel of 14 selected Italian experts in urology, pathology and radiology. The experts collected articles published in the English-language literature by performing a search using Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library database...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169459/long-term-effectiveness-and-complication-rates-of-bladder-augmentation-in-patients-with-neurogenic-bladder-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#4
Lisette 't Hoen, Hazel Ecclestone, Bertil F M Blok, Gilles Karsenty, Véronique Phé, Romain Bossier, Jan Groen, David Castro-Diaz, Bárbara Padilla Fernández, Giulio Del Popolo, Stefania Musco, Jürgen Pannek, Thomas M Kessler, Tobias Gross, Marc P Schneider, Rizwan Hamid
AIMS: To systematically evaluate effectiveness and safety of bladder augmentation for adult neuro-urological patients. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement was followed for review of publications. The Medline, Embase, and Cochrane controlled trial databases and clinicaltrial.gov were searched until January 2015. No limitations were placed on date or language. Non-original articles, conference abstracts, and publications involving children and animals were excluded...
February 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164295/deinfibulation-for-treating-urologic-complications-of-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Emmanuel Effa, Olumuyiwa Ojo, Austin Ihesie, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Women and girls who have undergone type III female genital mutilation (FGM) may suffer urologic complications such as recurrent urinary tract infections, obstruction, stones, and incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of deinfibulation for preventing and treating urologic complications in women and girls living with FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched from inception to August 2015: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139848/continent-catheterizable-tubes-stomas-in-adult-neuro-urological-patients-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Véronique Phé, Romain Boissier, Bertil F M Blok, Giulio Del Popolo, Stefania Musco, David Castro-Diaz, Bárbara Padilla Fernández, Jan Groen, Rizwan Hamid, Lisette 't Hoen, Hazel Ecclestone, Thomas M Kessler, Tobias Gross, Marc P Schneider, Jürgen Pannek, Gilles Karsenty
AIMS: To systematically review all available evidence on the effectiveness and complications of continent cutaneous stoma or tube (CCS/T) to treat bladder-emptying difficulties in adult neuro-urological patients. METHODS: The search strategy and studies selection were performed on Medline, Embase, and Cochrane using the PICOS method according to the PRISMA statement (CRD42015019212; http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO). RESULTS: After screening 3,634 abstracts, 11 studies (all retrospective, enrolling 213 patients) were included in a narrative synthesis...
January 31, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128909/research-prioritization-of-men-s-health-and-urologic-diseases
#7
Tyler Okland, Chante Karimkhani, Hannah Pederson, Lindsay N Boyers, Mark D Sawyer, Kyle O Rove, McCabe C Kenny, Steven Steinberg, Mohsen Naghavi, Robert P Dellavalle
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether disease representation in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) reflects disease burden, measured by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study as disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two investigators performed independent assessment of ten men's health and urologic diseases (MHUDs) in CDSR for systematic review and protocol representation, which were compared with percentage of total 2010 DALYs for the ten conditions...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078330/pheochromocytoma-in-urologic-practice
#8
Nikhil Waingankar, Gennady Bratslavsky, Camilo Jimenez, Paul Russo, Alexander Kutikov
CONTEXT: Pheochromocytoma is regularly encountered in urological practice and requires a thoughtful and careful clinical approach. OBJECTIVE: To review clinical aspects of management of pheochromocytoma in urologic practice. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of English-language literature was performed through year 2015 using the Medline database. Manuscripts were selected with consensus of the coauthors and evaluated using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) criteria...
February 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073600/e-cigarettes-and-urologic-health-a-collaborative-review-of-toxicology-epidemiology-and-potential-risks
#9
REVIEW
Liam Bourke, Linda Bauld, Christopher Bullen, Marcus Cumberbatch, Edward Giovannucci, Farhad Islami, Hayden McRobbie, Debra T Silverman, James W F Catto
CONTEXT: Use of electronic cigarettes (ECs) is on the rise in most high-income countries. Smoking conventional cigarettes is a known risk factor for urologic malignancy incidence, progression, and mortality, as well as for other urologic health indicators. The potential impact of EC use on urologic health is therefore of clinical interest to the urology community. OBJECTIVE: To review the available data on current EC use, including potential benefits in urologic patients, potential issues linked to toxicology of EC constituents, and how this might translate into urologic health risks...
January 7, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057989/presentation-and-prognosis-of-female-acute-urinary-retention-analysis-of-an-unusual-clinical-condition-in-outpatients
#10
Bora Özveren, Selçuk Keskin
OBJECTIVES: Acute urinary retention (AUR) in females is a poorly defined condition with undetermined epidemiology. This study aimed to evaluate female AUR in an outpatient population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight adult female outpatients who presented to the emergency room with symptoms of urinary retention were retrospectively analyzed. The women who were ultimately diagnosed with true, complete AUR were systematically reviewed for clinical characteristics and management...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051764/the-use-of-fibrin-sealant-during-non-emergency-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-of-benefits-and-harms
#11
Steven J Edwards, Fay Crawford, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Andrea Berardi, George Osei-Assibey, Mariana Bacelar, Fatima Salih, Victoria Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Fibrin sealants are used in different types of surgery to prevent the accumulation of post-operative fluid (seroma) or blood (haematoma) or to arrest haemorrhage (bleeding). However, there is uncertainty around the benefits and harms of fibrin sealant use. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the evidence on the benefits and harms of fibrin sealants in non-emergency surgery in adults. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases [MEDLINE, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library (including the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, the Health Technology Assessment database and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials)] were searched from inception to May 2015...
December 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924352/-prerequisites-skills-and-productivity-of-young-academic-urologists-in-germany
#12
H Borgmann, J Bründl, J Huber, C Ruf, U Schagdarsurgengin, B Wullich, J Salem
BACKGROUND: To safeguard scientific and clinical progress, German urology requires properly trained junior scientists. Before initiating or continuing actions aiming at quality improvement an analysis of the status quo is necessary. OBJECTIVE: To assess the conditions to pursue research, research skills and research output of junior scientists in urology in Germany. MATERIAL UND METHODS: A 16-item online questionnaire was sent to 95 junior scientists in urology within the research network GeSRU Academics...
December 6, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914898/conflict-of-evidence-resolving-discrepancies-when-findings-from-randomized-controlled-trials-and-meta-analyses-disagree
#13
REVIEW
Richard J Sylvester, Steven E Canfield, Thomas B L Lam, Lorenzo Marconi, Steven MacLennan, Yuhong Yuan, Graeme MacLennan, John Norrie, Muhammad Imran Omar, Harman M Bruins, Virginia Hernández, Karin Plass, Hendrik Van Poppel, James N'Dow
CONTEXT: Clinicians and treatment guideline developers are faced with a dilemma when the results of a new, large, well-conducted randomized controlled trial (RCT) are in direct conflict with the results of a previous systematic review (SR) and meta-analysis (MA). OBJECTIVE: To explore and discuss possible reasons for disagreement in results from SRs/MAs and RCTs and to provide guidance to clinicians and guideline developers for making well-informed treatment decisions and recommendations in the face of conflicting data...
November 30, 2016: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908634/systematic-review-of-perioperative-outcomes-and-complications-after-open-laparoscopic-and-robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy
#14
A Palazzetti, R Sanchez-Salas, P Capogrosso, E Barret, N Cathala, A Mombet, D Prapotnich, M Galiano, F Rozet, X Cathelineau
Radical cystectomy and regional lymph node dissection is the standard treatment for localized muscle-invasive and for high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, and represents one of the main surgical urologic procedures. The open surgical approach is still widely adopted, even if in the last two decades efforts have been made in order to evaluate if minimally invasive procedures, either laparoscopic or robot-assisted, might show a benefit compared to the standard technique. Open radical cystectomy is associated with a high complication rate, but data from the laparoscopic and robotic surgical series failed to demonstrate a clear reduction in post-operative complication rates compared to the open surgical series...
November 28, 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879967/the-influence-of-luts-medical-treatment-on-bph-surgery-do-we-operate-too-late
#15
Fabrizio Presicce, Cosimo DE Nunzio, Mauro Gacci, Roman Sosnowsky, Riccardo Lombardo, Francesco Porpiglia, Andrea Tubaro
BACKGROUND: To systematically collect the available evidence on the influence of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) medical treatment on BPH surgery. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search January 1990 until June 2016 was performed by combining the following MESH terms: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, male, medical treatment surgical treatment, deferred/postponed treatment/intervention, early intervention/treatment. Each article title and abstract was reviewed for relevance and appropriateness with regards to the topic of this review...
November 23, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871929/past-present-and-future-of-chemodenervation-with-botulinum-toxin-in-the-treatment-of-oab
#16
Pradeep Tyagi, Mahendra Kashyap, Naoki Yoshimura, Michael Chancellor, Christopher J Chermansky
PURPOSE: We systematically reviewed both pre-clinical and clinical studies on bladder chemodenervation with onabotulinumtoxin A to highlight current limitations and future drug delivery approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified peer-reviewed basic and clinical research studies of onabotulinumtoxin A (onaBoNT-A) in the treatment of neurogenic bladder and refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB) published between March 2000 and March 2016. Paired investigators independently screened 125 English language articles to identify controlled studies on onaBoNT-A administration in MEDLINE® database and abstracts presented at annual American Urological Association meetings...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837451/percutaneous-image-guided-cryoablation-current-applications-and-results-in-the-oncologic-field
#17
Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Julien Garnon, Nitin Ramamurthy, Guillaume Koch, Georgia Tsoumakidou, Jean Caudrelier, Francesco Arrigoni, Luigi Zugaro, Antonio Barile, Carlo Masciocchi, Afshin Gangi
Percutaneous imaging-guided cryoablation (PICA) is a recently developed technique, which applies extreme hypothermia to destroy tumours under close imaging surveillance. It is minimally invasive, safe, repeatable, and does not interrupt or compromise other oncologic therapies. It presents several advantages over more established heat-based thermal ablation techniques (e.g. radiofrequency ablation; RFA) including intrinsic analgesic properties, superior monitoring capability on multi-modal imaging, ability to treat larger tumours, and preservation of tissue collagenous architecture...
December 2016: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824248/robot-assisted-lymphadenectomy-in-urology-pelvic-retroperitoneal-and-inguinal-a-systematic-review
#18
Giovannalberto Pini, Surena F Matin, Nazareno Suardi, Mihir Desai, Inderbir Gill, James Porter, Robert J Stein, Rene Sotelo, Franco Gaboardi, Francesco Porpiglia
Lymph node dissection represents an essential surgical step in the treatment of the most commonly treated urological cancers. The introduction of robotic surgery has lead to the possibility of treating these diseases with a minimally invasive surgical approach, but the surgical principles of open surgery need to be carefully respected in order to achieve comparable oncological results. Therefore, the robotic approach to urological cancers must include a carefully performed lymph node dissection when indicated...
November 8, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765587/outcomes-following-first-line-endourological-management-of-ureteroenteric-anastomotic-strictures-after-urinary-diversion-a-single-center-study
#19
Florie Denise Gomez, Alexandre Thomas, Maxime Sempels, Vlad Nechifor, Catherine Hubert, Julie Leruth, David Waltregny
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of patients following a first-line systematic endo-urological procedure used to treat ureteroenteric anastomotic strictures (UEAS). METHODS: All data from patients treated using a first-line endourological approach for UEAS between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. The following data were analyzed: age, type of urinary diversion, initial symptoms, surgical endoscopic approach (antegrade or retrograde), pre- and postoperative creatinine levels, and postoperative complications and outcomes...
October 17, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745762/-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-related-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#20
Benoît Peyronnet, Thomas Seisen, Véronique Phé, Vincent Misrai, Alexandre de la Taille, Morgan Rouprêt
AIM: To provide a systematic review of epidemiological data regarding the association between erectile dysfunction (ED) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men. SEARCH STRATEGY: A research has been conducted on the Medline database using the keywords: ("erectile dysfunction" or "sexual dysfunction") and ("benign prostatic hyperplasia" or "lower urinary tract symptoms"). The eligibility of studies was defined using the PICOS method in accordance with the PRISMA statement...
October 10, 2016: La Presse Médicale
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