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Systematic review in urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720391/recommendations-for-the-management-of-rare-kidney-cancers
#1
REVIEW
Rachel H Giles, Toni K Choueiri, Daniel Y Heng, Laurence Albiges, James J Hsieh, W Marston Linehan, Sumanta Pal, Deborah Maskens, Bill Paseman, Eric Jonasch, Gabriel Malouf, Ana M Molina, Lisa Pickering, Brian Shuch, Sandy Srinivas, Ramaprasad Srinivasan, Nizar M Tannir, Axel Bex
CONTEXT: The European Association of Urology Renal Cell Carcinoma Guideline Panel recently conducted a systematic review of treatment options for patients with advanced non-clear-cell renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), which showed a substantial lack of evidence for management recommendations. OBJECTIVE: To improve the outcomes of patients with rare kidney cancers (RKCs), we performed a subsequent unstructured review to determine current treatment strategies and druggable pathways, involving key stakeholders with a global perspective to generate recommendations...
July 15, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720354/training-modalities-in-robot-assisted-urologic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Catherine Elizabeth Lovegrove, Oussama Elhage, M Shamim Khan, Giacomo Novara, Alex Mottrie, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
CONTEXT: Novel surgical techniques demand that surgical training adapts to the need for technical and nontechnical skills. OBJECTIVE: To identify training methods available for robot-assisted surgical (RAS) training in urology, evaluate their effectiveness in terms of validation, educational impact, acceptability, and cost effectiveness, and assess their effect on learning curves (LCs). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines searched Ovid Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702868/safety-and-tolerability-of-the-ketogenic-diet-used-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-childhood-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-of-published-prospective-studies
#3
REVIEW
Qian-Yun Cai, Zhong-Jie Zhou, Rong Luo, Jing Gan, Shi-Ping Li, De-Zhi Mu, Chao-Min Wan
BACKGROUND: To review the available evidence from prospective studies on the safety and tolerability of the ketogenic diet (KD) for the treatment of refractory childhood epilepsy. METHODS: A comprehensive bibliographic search was performed with the aim of retrieving prospective studies that monitored adverse effects (AEs) in children after receiving the classic or medium-chain triglyceride KD therapy for refractory epilepsy. RESULTS: A total of 45 studies were retrieved, including 7 randomized controlled trials...
July 12, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673794/giggle-incontinence-evolution-of-concept-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Bridget Linehan Logan, Samantha Blais
BACKGROUND: Giggle incontinence is a sudden and involuntary episode of urinary incontinence that is provoked by an episode of laughter. Decades of case studies and small research studies have formed the basis of what is known about giggle incontinence; however, much remains unknown about this type of incontinence, leaving the recommendations for clinical management somewhat unguided. METHODS: A systematic review of 22 articles on the topic of "giggle incontinence" and related terms was conducted, including all published articles and commentaries since the term was first seen in print in 1959...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666669/medical-treatment-of-nocturia-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-guidelines-panel-for-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#5
REVIEW
Vasileios I Sakalis, Markos Karavitakis, Dina Bedretdinova, Thorsten Bach, J L H Ruud Bosch, Mauro Gacci, Christian Gratzke, Thomas R Herrmann, Stephan Madersbacher, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Kari A O Tikkinen, Stavros Gravas, Marcus J Drake
CONTEXT: The treatment of nocturia is a key challenge due to the multi-factorial pathophysiology of the symptom and the disparate outcome measures used in research. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare available therapy options for nocturia, in terms of symptom severity and quality of life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Medical databases (Embase, Medline, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central) were searched with no date restriction. Comparative studies were included which studied adult men with nocturia as the primary presentation and lower urinary tract symptoms including nocturia or nocturnal polyuria...
June 27, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655526/agreement-between-electronic-medical-records-and-self-reported-urologic-domains-in-the-national-spina-bifida-patient-registry-nsbpr-implications-for-future-research
#6
Christopher G Halline, Theresa Meyer, Ilina Rosoklija, Elizabeth B Yerkes
BACKGROUND: Self-report (SR) is an efficient data collection method. However, SR data have been shown to be discrepant with medical record (MR) documentation, which raises questions about using SR to supplement retrospective chart review in research. In this study, pediatric spina bifida (SB) patients who completed SR interviews about continence status and personal bladder/bowel management were identified. We examined agreement between SR data and Urology provider notes in MRs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) identify demographic, medical, or methodological factors that might contribute to SR/MR disagreement; (2) postulate how these findings might be significant clinically; and (3) recommend improvements to SR data collection and MR documentation...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645619/supporting-and-caring-for-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-in-the-urology-practice
#7
REVIEW
L E Conard
INTRODUCTION: Gender identity is a person's internal sense of gender, which may be different than the sex they were assigned at birth. Pediatric urologists are starting to see more transgender and gender non-conforming (TGN) youth and need to be able to provide culturally competent and appropriate care for these patients and their caregivers. This review will discuss common transgender terminology, specific health concerns and treatment options. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic literature review was performed on Medline(®), PubMed(®), and Google Scholar™ for key words transgender, gender dysphoria and gender identity disorder...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645491/systematic-review-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-in-urological-cancers
#8
REVIEW
Maud Rijnders, Ronald de Wit, Joost L Boormans, Martijn P J Lolkema, Astrid A M van der Veldt
CONTEXT: In patients with advanced and metastatic urological cancers, clinical outcome may be improved by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). OBJECTIVE: To systematically review relevant literature on efficacy and safety of ICIs in patients with advanced and metastatic urothelial cell cancer (UCC), renal cell cancer (RCC), and prostate cancer. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant databases, including Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, were searched up to March 16, 2017...
June 20, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618110/intravesical-vanilloids-for-treating-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-a-report-from-the-neuro-urology-promotion-committee-of-the-international-continence-society-ics
#9
REVIEW
Véronique Phé, Marc P Schneider, Benoit Peyronnet, Nadim Abo Youssef, Livio Mordasini, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler, Lucas M Bachmann, Thomas M Kessler
AIMS: To systematically assess all available evidence on efficacy and safety of vanilloids for treating neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Studies were identified by electronic search of Cochrane register, Embase, Medline, Scopus, (last search January 8, 2016)...
June 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616110/pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-primer-for-urologists
#10
REVIEW
Michel Bureau, Kevin V Carlson
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) results from weakness or injury of the pelvic floor supports with resulting descent of one or more vaginal compartments (anterior, apical and/or posterior). Women typically become symptomatic from the bulging vaginal wall or related organ dysfunction once this descent reaches the introitus. POP is a common condition, affecting more than half of adult women. Many women presenting to an urologist for stress urinary incontinence or overactive bladder will have associated POP; therefore, it is important for urologists who treat these conditions to be familiar with its diagnosis and management...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559773/neuroendocrine-testicular-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Mseddi M Amine, Bouzguenda Mohamed, Hadjslimane Mourad, Hamza Majed, Charfi Slim, Bouassida Mehdi, Mnif Hela, Rebai Nouri, Kallel Rim, Boudaouara Tahya, Mhiri M Nabil
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to study the main epidemiological, clinical, para clinical, pathological, therapeutic, and evolutionary features of patients with testicular neuroendocrine tumors (TNET). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine case series and sixteen case reports were identified by searching PubMed database and qualified for inclusion in this study. We added the data of one case treated in the department of urology in Habib Bourguiba Hospital in Sfax, to the published cases...
April 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548282/estimating-the-effect-of-immortal-time-bias-in-urologic-research-a-case-example-of-testosterone-replacement-therapy
#12
Christopher J D Wallis, Refik Saskin, Steven A Narod, Calvin Law, Girish S Kulkarni, Arun Seth, Robert K Nam
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of immortal-time bias in an observational study examining the effect of cumulative testosterone exposure on mortality. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We used a population-based matched cohort study of men aged 66 and older newly treated with testosterone replacement therapy and matched-controls from 2007-2012 in Ontario, Canada to quantify the effects of immortal-time bias. We used generalized estimating equations to determine the association between cumulative testosterone replacement therapy exposure and mortality...
May 26, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544294/factors-affecting-the-timeliness-and-adequacy-of-haematuria-assessment-in-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Brian Ngo, Marlon Perera, Nathan Papa, Damien Bolton, Shomik Sengupta
OBJECTIVES: To review the literature to identify factors affecting haematuria assessment in bladder cancer. METHODS: We performed a systematic review in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Publications indexed in EMBASE and Medline (PubMed) in March 2016 were searched, using the keywords 'hematuria', 'urinary bladder neoplasm(s)' and 'bladder tumor'. Studies evaluating the timeliness and adequacy of haematuria assessment in the context of bladder cancer were included...
May 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522928/systematic-review-of-open-versus-laparoscopic-versus-robot-assisted-nephroureterectomy
#14
Emma Mullen, Kamran Ahmed, Ben Challacombe
Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is a relatively uncommon malignancy. The gold standard treatment for this type of neoplasm is an open radical nephroureterectomy with excision of the bladder cuff. This systematic review compares the perioperative and oncologic outcomes for the open surgical method with the alternative surgical management options of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and robot-assisted nephroureterectomy (RANU). MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases were searched using a sensitive search strategy...
2017: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515817/systematic-review-of-the-potential-role-of-cannabinoids-as-antiproliferative-agents-for-urological-cancers
#15
REVIEW
Shreyas Gandhi, Gaurav Vasisth, Anil Kapoor
INTRODUCTION: The palliative effects of cannabis sativa (marijuana), which include appetite stimulation, attenuation of nausea and emesis, and pain relief, are well known. The active components of cannabis sativa (cannabinoids) and their derivatives have received growing interest due to their diverse pharmacological activities, such as cell growth inhibition and tumour regression. The aim of this review is to look at the current evidence on the antiproliferative effects of cannabinoids in urological malignancies, including renal, prostate, bladder, and testicular cancers...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505037/getting-ready-for-the-first-robotic-prostatectomy-from-basics-to-real-practice
#16
Christian Wagner, Victor Srougi, Rafael Sanchez-Salas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has been embraced by urologists and has become a treatment standard in many countries already. Learning how to perform a RARP is challenging and has not yet been standardized. The current review summarizes the latest concepts regarding the most effective way of training for RARP. RECENT FINDINGS: The strategy to learn RARP should comprise didactic activities, skills lab training, participating in surgeries and mentorship...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497404/sexual-dysfunction-following-rectal-cancer-surgery
#17
REVIEW
V Celentano, R Cohen, J Warusavitarne, O Faiz, M Chand
INTRODUCTION: Sexual and urological problems after surgery for rectal cancer are common, multifactorial, inadequately discussed, and untreated. The urogenital function is dependent on dual autonomic sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation, and four key danger zones exist that are at risk for nerve damage during colorectal surgery: one of these sites is in the abdomen and three are in the pelvis. The aim of this study is to systematically review the epidemiology of sexual dysfunction following rectal cancer surgery, to describe the anatomical basis of autonomic nerve-preserving techniques, and to explore the scientific evidence available to support the laparoscopic or robotic approach over open surgery...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479236/evidence-for-the-impact-of-diet-fluid-intake-caffeine-alcohol-and-tobacco-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Catherine S Bradley, Bradley A Erickson, Emily E Messersmith, Anne P Cameron, H Henry Lai, Karl J Kreder, Claire C Yang, Robert M Merion, Tamara G Bavendam, Ziya Kirkali
PURPOSE: Foods, fluid intake, caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco may influence lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Changes in these potentially modifiable non-urologic factors (NUF) are often suggested to improve LUTS. To better understand the relationship of NUFs with LUTS, we performed a systematic literature review to examine, grade, and summarize reported associations between LUTS and diet, fluid intake, caffeine, tobacco and alcohol use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed PubMed searches for eligible articles providing evidence on associations between one or more NUF and LUTS...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462806/role-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-antenatal-hydronephrosis-a-systematic-review-from-the-european-association-of-urology-european-society-for-paediatric-urology-guidelines-panel
#19
REVIEW
Mesrur Selcuk Silay, Shabnam Undre, Arjun K Nambiar, Hasan Serkan Dogan, Radim Kocvara, Rien J M Nijman, Raimund Stein, Serdar Tekgul, Christian Radmayr
BACKGROUND: The benefits and harms of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) versus observation in patients with antenatal hydronephrosis (ANH) are controversial. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the effectiveness of CAP for ANH, and if beneficial to determine the best type and regimen of antibiotic and the most harmful to provide guidance for clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in databases including Medline, Embase, and Cochrane in June 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457661/prognostic-performance-and-reproducibility-of-the-1973-and-2004-2016-world-health-organization-grading-classification-systems-in-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-european-association-of-urology-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-guidelines-panel-systematic
#20
Viktor Soukup, Otakar Čapoun, Daniel Cohen, Virginia Hernández, Marek Babjuk, Max Burger, Eva Compérat, Paolo Gontero, Thomas Lam, Steven MacLennan, A Hugh Mostafid, Joan Palou, Bas W G van Rhijn, Morgan Rouprêt, Shahrokh F Shariat, Richard Sylvester, Yuhong Yuan, Richard Zigeuner
CONTEXT: Tumour grade is an important prognostic indicator in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Histopathological classifications are limited by interobserver variability (reproducibility), which may have prognostic implications. European Association of Urology NMIBC guidelines suggest concurrent use of both 1973 and 2004/2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classifications. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prognostic performance and reproducibility of the 1973 and 2004/2016 WHO grading systems for NMIBC...
April 27, 2017: European Urology
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