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Systematic review in urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662543/optical-improvements-in-the-diagnosis-of-bladder-cancer-implications-for-clinical-practice
#1
REVIEW
Tina Schubert, Steffen Rausch, Omar Fahmy, Georgios Gakis, Arnulf Stenzl
Background: For over 100 years white-light cystoscopy has remained the gold-standard technique for the detection of bladder cancer (BCa). Some limitations in the detection of flat lesions (CIS), the differentiation between inflammation and malignancy, the inaccurate determination of the tumor margin status as well as the tumor depth, have led to a variety of technological improvements. The aim of this review is to evaluate the impact of these improvements in the diagnosis of BCa and their effectiveness in clinical practice...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662542/meta-analysis-of-studies-comparing-oncologic-outcomes-of-radical-prostatectomy-and-brachytherapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#2
Gabriele Cozzi, Gennaro Musi, Roberto Bianchi, Danilo Bottero, Antonio Brescia, Antonio Cioffi, Giovanni Cordima, Maurizio Delor, Ettore Di Trapani, Matteo Ferro, Deliu Victor Matei, Andrea Russo, Francesco Alessandro Mistretta, Ottavio De Cobelli
Background: The aim of this study was to compare oncologic outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP) with brachytherapy (BT). Methods: A literature review was conducted according to the 'Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses' (PRISMA) statement. We included studies reporting comparative oncologic outcomes of RP versus BT for localized prostate cancer (PCa). From each comparative study, we extracted the study design, the number and features of the included patients, and the oncologic outcomes expressed as all-cause mortality (ACM), PCa-specific mortality (PCSM) or, when the former were unavailable, as biochemical recurrence (BCR)...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661588/impact-of-metabolic-diseases-drugs-and-dietary-factors-on-prostate-cancer-risk-recurrence-and-survival-a-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-section-of-oncological-urology
#3
REVIEW
Riccardo Campi, Sabine D Brookman-May, Jose Daniel Subiela Henríquez, Bülent Akdoğan, Maurizio Brausi, Tobias Klatte, Johan F Langenhuijsen, Estefania Linares-Espinos, Martin Marszalek, Morgan Roupret, Christian G Stief, Alessandro Volpe, Andrea Minervini, Oscar Rodriguez-Faba
CONTEXT: To date, established risk factors for prostate cancer (PCa) are limited to age, race, family history, and certain genetic polymorphisms. Despite great research efforts, available evidence on potentially modifiable risk factors is conflicting. Moreover, most studies on PCa risk factors did not consider the impact of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing on PCa diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To provide a detailed overview of the latest evidence on the role of metabolic diseases, drugs, and dietary factors for risk of PCa incidence, recurrence, and survival in men exposed to PSA testing...
April 13, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653162/inconsistency-in-the-definition-of-urinary-tract-infection-after-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-a-systematic-review
#4
Andrew W Stamm, Sarah A Adelstein, Andrew Chen, Alvaro Lucioni, Kathleen C Kobashi, Una J Lee
PURPOSE: In order to more accurately examine the rate of urinary tract infection following onabotulinumtoxinA injection of the bladder, we systematically reviewed the literature for definitions of urinary tract infection utilized in series that reported on onabotulinumtoxinA injections and assessed them for consistency with guideline statements defining urinary tract infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed via query using MEDLINE and EMBASE...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649079/in-search-of-mobile-applications-for-urogynecology-providers
#5
Shannon L Wallace, Shailja Mehta, Sara Farag, Robert S Kelley, Katherine T Chen
INTRODUCTION: Thousands of medical applications (apps) are available for mobile devices. Finding accurate, health care provider-centered apps may be time consuming and frustrating for urogynecologists. The objective of this study was to identify and evaluate urogynecology (urogyn) apps using a modified APPLICATIONS scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urogyn apps were identified from the Apple iTunes and Google Play Stores using the following 10 MeSH terms: urogynecology, incontinence, prolapse, urinary tract infection, pelvic surgery, fecal incontinence, defecation disorder, voiding disorder, urethral diverticulum, and fistula...
April 11, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642316/re-medical-treatment-of-nocturia-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-guidelines-panel-for-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626570/-what-is-the-role-of-alpha-blockers-for-medical-expulsive-therapy-results-from-a-meta-analysis-of-60-randomised-trials-and-over-9500-patients
#7
REVIEW
Omar M Aboumarzouk, Patrick Jones, Tarik Amer, Dimitris Kotsiris, Esteban Emiliani, Bhaskar Somani, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Thomas Tailly, Gohkan Atis, Francesco Greco, Stephan Hruby, Mario Alvarez, Khalid Al-Rumaihi, Ahmed Shamsuddin, Abdulla Al-Ansari, Ahmed Shokeir
Use of α-blockers for medical expulsive therapy (MET) has been the subject of huge debate in Urology. Moreover, there have been a number of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with differing results. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs investigating the efficacy α-blockers for MET. This review confirms there is a role for α-blockers in medical expulsive therapy for ureteric stones specifically in stones >5mm and distal ureteric stones, which is associated with improved stone expulsion...
April 4, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613909/new-alpha-blockers-to-treat-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#8
Eu Chang Hwang, Shreyas Gandhi, Jae H Jung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To date it is unclear whether the selectivity of new alpha-blockers to alpha-adrenergic receptor subtypes translates into more clinical benefits and less adverse effects in clinical practice. We performed a systematic review of the two new Abs silodosin and naftopidil. With the availability of numerous alpha-blockers to treat lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia, the findings of this review will be highly relevant to the field of urology...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603869/implementing-assessments-of-robotic-assisted-technical-skill-in-urologic-education-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-the-validity-evidence
#9
Mitchell G Goldenberg, Jason Y Lee, Jethro Cc Kwong, Teodor P Grantcharov, Anthony Costello
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and synthesize the validity evidence supporting intraoperative and simulation-based assessments of technical skill in urologic robotic-assisted surgery (RAS), and make evidence-based recommendations for the implementation of these assessments in urologic training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search of the MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Embase databases was performed. Articles using technical skill and simulation-based assessments in RAS were abstracted...
March 31, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576530/latest-evidence-on-the-impact-of-smoking-sports-and-sexual-activity-as-modifiable-lifestyle-risk-factors-for-prostate-cancer-incidence-recurrence-and-progression-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-by-the-european-association-of-urology-section-of-oncological
#10
REVIEW
Sabine D Brookman-May, Riccardo Campi, Jose D S Henríquez, Tobias Klatte, Johan F Langenhuijsen, Maurizio Brausi, Estefania Linares-Espinós, Alessandro Volpe, Martin Marszalek, Bulent Akdogan, Christina Roll, Christian G Stief, Oscar Rodriguez-Faba, Andrea Minervini
CONTEXT: Smoking, sexual activity, and physical activity (PA) are discussed as modifiable lifestyle factors associated with prostate cancer (PCa) development and progression. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the available evidence concerning the association of smoking, sexual activity, and sports and exercise on PCa risk, treatment outcome, progression, and cancer-specific mortality. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of studies published between 2007 and 2017 using MEDLINE (via PubMed), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science databases according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement criteria was conducted...
March 22, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564692/a-systematic-review-of-pfe-pre-prostatectomy
#11
REVIEW
S S Goonewardene, D Gillatt, R Persad
Male Stress Urinary Incontinence is a complication post robotic radical prostatectomy. This is a major problem that needs to be solved, since it has great impact on quality of life affecting the patient's physical activity and social well-being. A systematic review relating to literature on impact of preoperative PFE on continence outcomes for patients undergoing prostatectomy was conducted. The search strategy aimed to identify all references related to pelvic floor exercises and post-prostatectomy. Search terms used were as follows: (Pelvic floor exercises) AND (incontinence) AND (prostatectomy)...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562364/testosterone-therapy-in-men-with-hypogonadism-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
Shalender Bhasin, Juan P Brito, Glenn R Cunningham, Frances J Hayes, Howard N Hodis, Alvin M Matsumoto, Peter J Snyder, Ronald S Swerdloff, Frederick C Wu, Maria A Yialamas
Objective: To update the "Testosterone Therapy in Men With Androgen Deficiency Syndromes" guideline published in 2010. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of 10 medical content experts and a clinical practice guideline methodologist. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544735/the-impact-of-implementation-of-the-european-association-of-urology-guidelines-panel-recommendations-on-reporting-and-grading-complications-on-perioperative-outcomes-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#13
Giorgio Gandaglia, Carlo Andrea Bravi, Paolo Dell'Oglio, Elio Mazzone, Nicola Fossati, Simone Scuderi, Daniele Robesti, Francesco Barletta, Luca Grillo, Steven Maclennan, James N'Dow, Francesco Montorsi, Alberto Briganti
The rate of postoperative complications might vary according to the method used to collect perioperative data. We aimed at assessing the impact of the prospective implementation of the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on reporting and grading of complications in prostate cancer patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). From September 2016, an integrated method for reporting surgical morbidity based on the EAU guidelines was implemented at a single, tertiary center. Perioperative data were prospectively and systematically collected during a patient interview at 30 d after surgery as recommended by the EAU Guidelines Panel Recommendations on Reporting and Grading Complications...
March 12, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519236/progressive-bladder-remodeling-due-to-bladder-outlet-obstruction-a-systematic-review-of-morphological-and-molecular-evidences-in-humans
#14
Ferdinando Fusco, Massimiliano Creta, Cosimo De Nunzio, Valerio Iacovelli, Francesco Mangiapia, Vincenzo Li Marzi, Enrico Finazzi Agrò
BACKGROUND: Bladder outlet obstruction is a common urological condition. We aimed to summarize available evidences about bladder outlet obstruction-induced molecular and morphological alterations occurring in human bladder. METHODS: We performed a literature search up to December 2017 including clinical and preclinical basic research studies on humans. The following search terms were combined: angiogenesis, apoptosis, bladder outlet obstruction, collagen, electron microscopy, extracellular matrix, fibrosis, hypoxia, histology, inflammation, innervation, ischemia, pressure, proliferation, remodeling, suburothelium, smooth muscle cells, stretch, urothelium...
March 9, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504984/are-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitors-associated-with-increased-risk-of-melanoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Shijian Feng, Liang Zhou, Qinyu Liu, Qing He, Banghua Liao, Xin Wei, Hong Li, Kunjie Wang, Yuchun Zhu
Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors are recommended for patients with erectile dysfunction by American Urological Association and European Association Urology guidelines. However, recent researches have shown that PDE5 inhibitors may lead to increased melanoma risk. Thus, we aimed to explore whether PDE5 inhibitors are associated with increased melanoma risk based on published literatures.We conducted a systematic online search on PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Chinese Biochemical Literature, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Chinese Science and Technology Periodical databases to identify the related studies...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500137/haematuria-in-sport-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Richard Deji Akiboye, Davendra M Sharma
CONTEXT: Haematuria is a common urological presentation associated with patient anxiety and clinically relevant underlying pathology. However, the prevalence and pathophysiology of haematuria following sporting exercise is less well documented. OBJECTIVES: This review paper seeks to clarify the prevalence of microscopic and macroscopic haematuria in association with sporting exercise reported in the literature, and the pathophysiology behind it. We review the relation of haematuria to injury to the urinary tract in sport, as well as the incidence of underlying disease, urological and incidental, following investigation for exercise-induced haematuria...
February 27, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482486/endovascular-management-of-ureteroarterial-fistula-single-institution-experience-and-systematic-literature-review
#17
José D Subiela, Andrea Balla, Jesús Bollo, Jaume F Dilme, Begoña Soto Carricas, Eduard M Targarona, Oscar Rodriguez-Faba, Alberto Breda, Juan Palou
BACKGROUND: Ureteroarterial fistula (UAF) represents an uncommon complication after urological surgery; however, this is a well-documented condition in patients with predisposing risk factors. The aim of the present study is to report and analyze the endovascular management of a series of patients with UAF, treated in authors' hospital, and to report and analyze the same data concerning patients retrieved from a systematic literature review. METHODS: Authors conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data and a systematic literature review...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482379/natural-history-of-conservatively-managed-ureteric-stones-from-a-cumulative-analysis-of-6600-patients
#18
Sachin Yallappa, Tarik Amer, Patrick Jones, Francesco Greco, Thomas Tailly, Bhaskar Somani, Nkem Umez Eronini, Omar M Aboumarzouk
Introduction Ureteric colic has a lifetime prevalence of 10% to 15% and is one of the most common emergency urological presentations. Current EAU recommends conservative management for 'small' (<6mm) ureteral stones if active removal is not indicated. It is important to understand the natural history of ureteric stone disease to help counsel patients with regards to their likelihood of stone passage and anticipated time frame with which they could be safely observed. We aimed to conduct a systematic review to better establish the natural history of stone expulsion...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471308/reporting-guidelines-for-oncology-research-helping-to-maximise-the-impact-of-your-research
#19
REVIEW
Angela MacCarthy, Shona Kirtley, Jennifer A de Beyer, Douglas G Altman, Iveta Simera
Many reports of health research omit important information needed to assess their methodological robustness and clinical relevance. Without clear and complete reporting, it is not possible to identify flaws or biases, reproduce successful interventions, or use the findings in systematic reviews or meta-analyses. The EQUATOR Network (http://www.equator-network.org/) promotes responsible reporting and the use of reporting guidelines to improve the accuracy, completeness, and transparency of health research. EQUATOR supports researchers by providing online resources and training...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450733/miniaturised-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-versus-flexible-ureteropyeloscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-profile
#20
REVIEW
N F Davis, M R Quinlan, C Poyet, N Lawrentschuk, D M Bolton, D Webb, G S Jack
PURPOSE: This study aims to comparatively evaluate clinical outcomes of mini-PCNL and FURS for treating urinary tract calculi in a single session. METHODS: A systematic search using electronic databases was performed for studies comparing mini-PCNL and FURS for the treatment of urinary tract calculi. The primary outcome measurements were stone-free rates (SFRs) and complication rates for both techniques. Secondary outcome measurements were to compare patient demographics, operative duration, and inpatient stay...
February 16, 2018: World Journal of Urology
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