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Systematic review in urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815048/society-for-immunotherapy-of-cancer-consensus-statement-on-immunotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-bladder-carcinoma
#1
Ashish M Kamat, Joaquim Bellmunt, Matthew D Galsky, Badrinath R Konety, Donald L Lamm, David Langham, Cheryl T Lee, Matthew I Milowsky, Michael A O'Donnell, Peter H O'Donnell, Daniel P Petrylak, Padmanee Sharma, Eila C Skinner, Guru Sonpavde, John A Taylor, Prasanth Abraham, Jonathan E Rosenberg
The standard of care for most patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is immunotherapy with intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), which activates the immune system to recognize and destroy malignant cells and has demonstrated durable clinical benefit. Urologic best-practice guidelines and consensus reports have been developed and strengthened based on data on the timing, dose, and duration of therapy from randomized clinical trials, as well as by critical evaluation of criteria for progression...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807024/society-for-immunotherapy-of-cancer-consensus-statement-on-immunotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-bladder-carcinoma
#2
Ashish M Kamat, Joaquim Bellmunt, Matthew D Galsky, Badrinath R Konety, Donald L Lamm, David Langham, Cheryl T Lee, Matthew I Milowsky, Michael A O'Donnell, Peter H O'Donnell, Daniel P Petrylak, Padmanee Sharma, Eila C Skinner, Guru Sonpavde, John A Taylor, Prasanth Abraham, Jonathan E Rosenberg
The standard of care for most patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is immunotherapy with intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), which activates the immune system to recognize and destroy malignant cells and has demonstrated durable clinical benefit. Urologic best-practice guidelines and consensus reports have been developed and strengthened based on data on the timing, dose, and duration of therapy from randomized clinical trials, as well as by critical evaluation of criteria for progression...
August 15, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803033/the-risk-of-tumour-recurrence-in-patients-undergoing-renal-transplantation-for-end-stage-renal-disease-after-previous-treatment-for-a-urological-cancer-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Romain Boissier, Vital Hevia, Harman Max Bruins, Klemens Budde, Arnaldo Figueiredo, Enrique Lledó-García, Jonathon Olsburgh, Heinz Regele, Claire Fraser Taylor, Rhana Hassan Zakri, Cathy Yuhong Yuan, Alberto Breda
CONTEXT: Renal transplantation is the gold standard renal replacement therapy in end-stage renal disease owing to its superior survival and quality of life compared with dialysis. When the potential recipient has a history of cancer, the waiting period before radiotherapy is usually based on the Cincinnati Registry. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all available evidence on the risk of cancer recurrence in end-stage renal disease patients with a history of urological cancer...
August 9, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795911/the-development-of-eras-across-surgical-specialties
#4
James C Senturk, Gentian Kristo, Jason Gold, Ronald Bleday, Edward Whang
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) principles have gained traction in variety of surgical disciplines. The promise of a reduced length of stay without compromising patient safety or increasing readmission rates has produced a body of literature examining the implementation of ERAS in the care of general, thoracic, urologic, and gynecologic surgery patients. METHODS: We performed a review of the literature pertaining to studies of ERAS implementation across colorectal surgery, general surgery, thoracic surgery, urology, and gynecology...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792081/heterogeneity-in-reporting-on-urinary-outcome-and-cure-after-surgical-interventions-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-adult-neuro-urological-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Sarah H M Reuvers, Jan Groen, Jeroen R Scheepe, Lisette A 't Hoen, David Castro-Diaz, Bárbara Padilla-Fernández, Giulio Del Popolo, Stefania Musco, Jürgen Pannek, Thomas M Kessler, Marc P Schneider, Gilles Karsenty, Veronique Phé, Rizwan Hamid, Hazel Ecclestone, Bertil F M Blok
AIMS: To describe all outcome parameters and definitions of cure used to report on outcome of surgical interventions for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in neuro-urological (NU) patients. METHODS: This systematic review was performed and reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. The study protocol was registered and published (CRD42016033303; http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO). Medline, Embase, Cochrane controlled trials databases, and clinicaltrial...
August 9, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754533/benefits-and-harms-of-treatment-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-by-the-european-association-of-urology-urological-infection-guidelines-panel
#6
Bela Köves, Tommaso Cai, Rajan Veeratterapillay, Robert Pickard, Thomas Seisen, Thomas B Lam, Cathy Yuhong Yuan, Franck Bruyere, Florian Wagenlehner, Riccardo Bartoletti, Suzanne E Geerlings, Adrian Pilatz, Benjamin Pradere, Fabian Hofmann, Gernot Bonkat, Björn Wullt
People with asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) are often unnecessarily treated with antibiotics risking adverse effects and antimicrobial resistance. We performed a systematic review to determine any benefits and harms of treating ABU in particular patient groups. Relevant databases were searched and eligible trials were assessed for risk-of-bias and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Education quality. Where possible, a meta-analysis of extracted data was performed or a narrative synthesis of the evidence was presented...
July 25, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753874/systematic-review-of-the-volume-outcome-relationship-for-radical-prostatectomy-a-2017-update
#7
REVIEW
Jeffrey J Leow, Eugene K Leong, Emily C Serrell, Steven L Chang, Russell L Gruen, Keng Siang Png, Lisa T Beaule, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Mani M Menon, Jesse D Sammon
CONTEXT: Radical prostatectomy (RP) is one of the most complex urological procedures performed. Higher surgical volume has been found previously to be associated with better patient outcomes and reduced costs to the health care system. This has resulted in some regionalization of care toward high-volume facilities and providers; however, the preponderance of RPs is still performed at low-volume institutions. OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated systematic review of the association of hospital and surgeon volume on patient and system outcomes after RP, including robot-assisted RP...
April 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753805/the-urinary-tract-microbiome-in-health-and-disease
#8
REVIEW
Isabel M Aragón, Bernardo Herrera-Imbroda, María I Queipo-Ortuño, Elisabeth Castillo, Julia Sequeira-García Del Moral, Jaime Gómez-Millán, Gozde Yucel, María F Lara
CONTEXT: The urinary tract, previously considered a sterile body niche, has emerged as the host of an array of bacteria in healthy individuals, revolutionizing the urology research field. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on microbiome implications in the urinary tract and the usefulness of probiotics/prebiotics and diet as treatment for urologic disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed and Medline from inception until July 2016...
November 14, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753804/variability-in-outcomes-for-patients-with-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer-gleason-score-7-international-society-of-urological-pathology-gleason-group-2-3-and-implications-for-risk-stratification-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Christopher J Kane, Scott E Eggener, Alan W Shindel, Gerald L Andriole
CONTEXT: Optimal management for patients with intermediate-risk (IR) prostate cancer (PCa) remains controversial. Clinical metrics provide guidance on appropriate management options. OBJECTIVE: To report estimates for clinically relevant outcomes in men with IR PCa based on clinical and pathological features. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed and programs from key 2015 uro-oncology congresses were searched using the terms "intermediate", "Gleason 3 + 4", "Gleason 4 + 3", "active surveillance", "treatment", "adverse pathology", AND "prostate cancer...
March 11, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720391/recommendations-for-the-management-of-rare-kidney-cancers
#10
REVIEW
Rachel H Giles, Toni K Choueiri, Daniel Y Heng, Laurence Albiges, James J Hsieh, W Marston Linehan, Sumanta Pal, Deborah Maskens, Bill Paseman, Eric Jonasch, Gabriel Malouf, Ana M Molina, Lisa Pickering, Brian Shuch, Sandy Srinivas, Ramaprasad Srinivasan, Nizar M Tannir, Axel Bex
CONTEXT: The European Association of Urology Renal Cell Carcinoma Guideline Panel recently conducted a systematic review of treatment options for patients with advanced non-clear-cell renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), which showed a substantial lack of evidence for management recommendations. OBJECTIVE: To improve the outcomes of patients with rare kidney cancers (RKCs), we performed a subsequent unstructured review to determine current treatment strategies and druggable pathways, involving key stakeholders with a global perspective to generate recommendations...
July 15, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720354/training-modalities-in-robot-assisted-urologic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Catherine Elizabeth Lovegrove, Oussama Elhage, M Shamim Khan, Giacomo Novara, Alex Mottrie, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
CONTEXT: Novel surgical techniques demand that surgical training adapts to the need for technical and nontechnical skills. OBJECTIVE: To identify training methods available for robot-assisted surgical (RAS) training in urology, evaluate their effectiveness in terms of validation, educational impact, acceptability, and cost effectiveness, and assess their effect on learning curves (LCs). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines searched Ovid Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702868/safety-and-tolerability-of-the-ketogenic-diet-used-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-childhood-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-of-published-prospective-studies
#12
REVIEW
Qian-Yun Cai, Zhong-Jie Zhou, Rong Luo, Jing Gan, Shi-Ping Li, De-Zhi Mu, Chao-Min Wan
BACKGROUND: To review the available evidence from prospective studies on the safety and tolerability of the ketogenic diet (KD) for the treatment of refractory childhood epilepsy. METHODS: A comprehensive bibliographic search was performed with the aim of retrieving prospective studies that monitored adverse effects (AEs) in children after receiving the classic or medium-chain triglyceride KD therapy for refractory epilepsy. RESULTS: A total of 45 studies were retrieved, including 7 randomized controlled trials...
July 12, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673794/giggle-incontinence-evolution-of-concept-and-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Bridget Linehan Logan, Samantha Blais
BACKGROUND: Giggle incontinence is a sudden and involuntary episode of urinary incontinence that is provoked by an episode of laughter. Decades of case studies and small research studies have formed the basis of what is known about giggle incontinence; however, much remains unknown about this type of incontinence, leaving the recommendations for clinical management somewhat unguided. METHODS: A systematic review of 22 articles on the topic of "giggle incontinence" and related terms was conducted, including all published articles and commentaries since the term was first seen in print in 1959...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666669/medical-treatment-of-nocturia-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-guidelines-panel-for-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#14
REVIEW
Vasileios I Sakalis, Markos Karavitakis, Dina Bedretdinova, Thorsten Bach, J L H Ruud Bosch, Mauro Gacci, Christian Gratzke, Thomas R Herrmann, Stephan Madersbacher, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Kari A O Tikkinen, Stavros Gravas, Marcus J Drake
CONTEXT: The treatment of nocturia is a key challenge due to the multi-factorial pathophysiology of the symptom and the disparate outcome measures used in research. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare available therapy options for nocturia, in terms of symptom severity and quality of life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Medical databases (Embase, Medline, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central) were searched with no date restriction. Comparative studies were included which studied adult men with nocturia as the primary presentation and lower urinary tract symptoms including nocturia or nocturnal polyuria...
June 27, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655526/agreement-between-electronic-medical-records-and-self-reported-urologic-domains-in-the-national-spina-bifida-patient-registry-nsbpr-implications-for-future-research
#15
Christopher G Halline, Theresa Meyer, Ilina Rosoklija, Elizabeth B Yerkes
BACKGROUND: Self-report (SR) is an efficient data collection method. However, SR data have been shown to be discrepant with medical record (MR) documentation, which raises questions about using SR to supplement retrospective chart review in research. In this study, pediatric spina bifida (SB) patients who completed SR interviews about continence status and personal bladder/bowel management were identified. We examined agreement between SR data and Urology provider notes in MRs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) identify demographic, medical, or methodological factors that might contribute to SR/MR disagreement; (2) postulate how these findings might be significant clinically; and (3) recommend improvements to SR data collection and MR documentation...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645619/supporting-and-caring-for-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-in-the-urology-practice
#16
REVIEW
L E Conard
INTRODUCTION: Gender identity is a person's internal sense of gender, which may be different than the sex they were assigned at birth. Pediatric urologists are starting to see more transgender and gender non-conforming (TGN) youth and need to be able to provide culturally competent and appropriate care for these patients and their caregivers. This review will discuss common transgender terminology, specific health concerns and treatment options. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic literature review was performed on Medline(®), PubMed(®), and Google Scholar™ for key words transgender, gender dysphoria and gender identity disorder...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645491/systematic-review-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-in-urological-cancers
#17
REVIEW
Maud Rijnders, Ronald de Wit, Joost L Boormans, Martijn P J Lolkema, Astrid A M van der Veldt
CONTEXT: In patients with advanced and metastatic urological cancers, clinical outcome may be improved by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). OBJECTIVE: To systematically review relevant literature on efficacy and safety of ICIs in patients with advanced and metastatic urothelial cell cancer (UCC), renal cell cancer (RCC), and prostate cancer. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant databases, including Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, were searched up to March 16, 2017...
June 20, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618110/intravesical-vanilloids-for-treating-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-a-report-from-the-neuro-urology-promotion-committee-of-the-international-continence-society-ics
#18
REVIEW
Véronique Phé, Marc P Schneider, Benoit Peyronnet, Nadim Abo Youssef, Livio Mordasini, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler, Lucas M Bachmann, Thomas M Kessler
AIMS: To systematically assess all available evidence on efficacy and safety of vanilloids for treating neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Studies were identified by electronic search of Cochrane register, Embase, Medline, Scopus, (last search January 8, 2016)...
June 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616110/pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-primer-for-urologists
#19
REVIEW
Michel Bureau, Kevin V Carlson
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) results from weakness or injury of the pelvic floor supports with resulting descent of one or more vaginal compartments (anterior, apical and/or posterior). Women typically become symptomatic from the bulging vaginal wall or related organ dysfunction once this descent reaches the introitus. POP is a common condition, affecting more than half of adult women. Many women presenting to an urologist for stress urinary incontinence or overactive bladder will have associated POP; therefore, it is important for urologists who treat these conditions to be familiar with its diagnosis and management...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559773/neuroendocrine-testicular-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Mseddi M Amine, Bouzguenda Mohamed, Hadjslimane Mourad, Hamza Majed, Charfi Slim, Bouassida Mehdi, Mnif Hela, Rebai Nouri, Kallel Rim, Boudaouara Tahya, Mhiri M Nabil
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to study the main epidemiological, clinical, para clinical, pathological, therapeutic, and evolutionary features of patients with testicular neuroendocrine tumors (TNET). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine case series and sixteen case reports were identified by searching PubMed database and qualified for inclusion in this study. We added the data of one case treated in the department of urology in Habib Bourguiba Hospital in Sfax, to the published cases...
April 2017: Current Urology
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