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Systematic review in urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450733/miniaturised-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-versus-flexible-ureteropyeloscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-profile
#1
REVIEW
N F Davis, M R Quinlan, C Poyet, N Lawrentschuk, D M Bolton, D Webb, G S Jack
PURPOSE: This study aims to comparatively evaluate clinical outcomes of mini-PCNL and FURS for treating urinary tract calculi in a single session. METHODS: A systematic search using electronic databases was performed for studies comparing mini-PCNL and FURS for the treatment of urinary tract calculi. The primary outcome measurements were stone-free rates (SFRs) and complication rates for both techniques. Secondary outcome measurements were to compare patient demographics, operative duration, and inpatient stay...
February 16, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449032/re-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-eswt-in-urology-a-systematic-review-of-outcome-in-peyronie-s-disease-erectile-dysfunction-and-chronic-pelvic-pain
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442540/management-of-immune-related-adverse-events-in-patients-treated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-therapy-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline
#3
Julie R Brahmer, Christina Lacchetti, Bryan J Schneider, Michael B Atkins, Kelly J Brassil, Jeffrey M Caterino, Ian Chau, Marc S Ernstoff, Jennifer M Gardner, Pamela Ginex, Sigrun Hallmeyer, Jennifer Holter Chakrabarty, Natasha B Leighl, Jennifer S Mammen, David F McDermott, Aung Naing, Loretta J Nastoupil, Tanyanika Phillips, Laura D Porter, Igor Puzanov, Cristina A Reichner, Bianca D Santomasso, Carole Seigel, Alexander Spira, Maria E Suarez-Almazor, Yinghong Wang, Jeffrey S Weber, Jedd D Wolchok, John A Thompson
Purpose To increase awareness, outline strategies, and offer guidance on the recommended management of immune-related adverse events in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICPi) therapy. Methods A multidisciplinary, multi-organizational panel of experts in medical oncology, dermatology, gastroenterology, rheumatology, pulmonology, endocrinology, urology, neurology, hematology, emergency medicine, nursing, trialist, and advocacy was convened to develop the clinical practice guideline. Guideline development involved a systematic review of the literature and an informal consensus process...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416825/prognosis-of-men-with-penile-metastasis-and-malignant-priapism-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Andrea Cocci, Oliver W Hakenberg, Tommaso Cai, Gabriella Nesi, Lorenzo Livi, Beatrice Detti, Andrea Minervini, Girolamo Morelli, Marco Carini, Sergio Serni, Mauro Gacci
Metastases to the penis are rare, but can have severe consequences. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature in order to gain more information on the presentation and prognosis of this metastatic disease. We reviewed the literature relating to all case reports, series and reviews about penile metastasis, from 2003 to 2013, through a Medline search. We identified 63 articles and 69 patients. Metastases were located on the root (38.8%), the shaft (38.8%) or the glans (22.2%) of the penis...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408568/role-of-mri-targeted-biopsy-in-detection-of-prostate-cancer-harbouring-adverse-pathological-features-of-intraductal-carcinoma-and-invasive-cribriform-carcinoma
#5
Susan Prendeville, Mark Gertner, Manjula Maganti, Melania Pintilie, Nathan Perlis, Ants Toi, Andrew J Evans, Antonio Finelli, Theodorus H van der Kwast, Sangeet Ghai
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare biopsy detection of intraductal (IDC) and cribriform (CR) pattern invasive prostate carcinoma (PCa) in mpMRI positive and negative regions of the prostate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospectively maintained single institution database was queried to identify patients who underwent mpMRI/US fusion targeted biopsy (MRI-TBx) and concurrent systematic sextant biopsy of MRI negative regions (SMN-Bx) between January 2013 and May 2016...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398458/the-potential-role-of-micrornas-as-biomarkers-in-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Francesco Greco, Antonino Inferrera, Roberto La Rocca, Michele Navarra, Marco Casciaro, Gaetano Grosso, Sebastiano Gangemi, Vincenzo Ficarra, Vincenzo Mirone
CONTEXT: Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common urologic diseases. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms involving the stromal and epithelial components of the prostate that lead to BPH remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To review and evaluate the evidence implicating microRNAs (miRNAs) in the pathogenesis of BPH. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic search of the PubMed and Embase databases was performed using the terms "benign prostate hypertrophy and miRNA" or ("benign prostate hypertrophy and microRNAs" or "miRNA" or "miR") on July 31, 2017...
February 2, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398262/eau-guidelines-on-assessment-and-nonsurgical-management-of-urinary-incontinence
#7
Arjun K Nambiar, Ruud Bosch, Francisco Cruz, Gary E Lemack, Nikesh Thiruchelvam, Andrea Tubaro, Dina A Bedretdinova, David Ambühl, Fawzy Farag, Riccardo Lombardo, Marc P Schneider, Fiona C Burkhard
CONTEXT: The European Association of Urology guidelines on urinary incontinence (UI) have been updated in cyclical fashion with successive major chapters being revised each year. The sections on assessment, diagnosis, and nonsurgical treatment have been updated as of mid-2016. OBJECTIVE: We present a condensed version of the full guideline on assessment and nonsurgical management of UI, with the aim of improving accessibility and increasing their dissemination. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Our literature search was updated from the previous cut-off of July 2010 up to April 2016...
February 2, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395726/renal-scintigraphy-for-post-transplant-monitoring-after-kidney-transplantation
#8
REVIEW
S Benjamens, S P Berger, A W J M Glaudemans, J S F Sanders, R A Pol, R H J A Slart
BACKGROUND: Clinicians use several diagnostic modalities to recognize post-transplant complications, such as acute tubular necrosis, acute rejection, urologic and vascular complications. Currently, there is no consensus about the best procedural approach to evaluate post-transplant renal dysfunction. Renal needle-biopsy is often required, however, this is invasive and may lead to sample errors and complications, and most clinicians prefer using one of the noninvasive diagnostic modalities...
December 29, 2017: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392753/value-of-urodynamic-findings-in-predicting-upper-urinary-tract-damage-in-neuro-urological-patients-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Stefania Musco, Barbara Padilla-Fernández, Giulio Del Popolo, Matteo Bonifazi, Bertil F M Blok, Jan Groen, Lisette 't Hoen, Jürgen Pannek, Jerome Bonzon, Thomas M Kessler, Marc P Schneider, Tobias Gross, Gilles Karsenty, Véronique Phé, Rizwan Hamid, Hazel Ecclestone, David Castro-Diaz
AIM: The main goals of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) management are preventing upper urinary tract damage (UUTD), improving continence, and quality of life. Here, we aimed to systematically assess all available evidence on urodynamics predicting UUTD in patients with NLUTD. METHODS: A systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement was performed in March 2017. Only neuro-urological patients assessed by urodynamics were included...
February 2, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362897/early-double-j-stent-removal-in-renal-transplant-patients-to-prevent-urinary-tract-infection-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Dafna Yahav, Hefziba Green, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Eytan Mor, Shahid Husain
Ureteral stents are routinely used in renal transplant and are associated with reduced urological complications but increased urinary tract infections (UTIs). There is no agreement on the preferred time to removal of stents after transplantation. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing stent duration of <14 days vs > =14 days. Electronic databases were searched to identify RCTs that compared early vs late stent removal. Primary outcome was urinary tract infections...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359531/the-challenge-with-systematic-reviews-of-non-randomised-studies-in-urology
#11
EDITORIAL
Philipp Dahm, Jae Hung Jung, Rebecca L Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334506/targeted-biopsy-benefits-and-limitations
#12
Stephanie D Purnell, Jonathan B Bloom, Vladimir Valera, Bradford J Wood, Baris Turkbey, Peter A Pinto
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the current literature regarding the role of multiparametric MRI and fusion-guided biopsies in urologic practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Fusion biopsies consistently show an increase in the detection of clinically significant cancers and decrease in low-risk disease that may be more suitable for active surveillance. Although, when to incorporate multiparametric MRI into workup is not clearly agreed upon, studies have shown a clear benefit in both biopsy naïve and those with prior negative biopsies in determining the appropriate treatment strategy...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331546/clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-aua-astro-suo-guideline-part-ii-recommended-approaches-and-details-of-specific-care-options
#13
Martin G Sanda, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Erin Kirkby, Ronald C Chen, Tony Crispino, Joann Fontanarosa, Stephen J Freedland, Kirsten Greene, Laurence H Klotz, Danil V Makarov, Joel B Nelson, George Rodrigues, Howard M Sandler, Mary Ellen Taplin, Jonathan R Treadwell
PURPOSE: This guideline is structured to provide a clinical framework stratified by cancer severity to facilitate care decisions and guide the specifics of implementing the selected management options. The summary presented herein represents Part II of the two-part series dedicated to Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer: AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline discussing risk stratification and care options by cancer severity. Please refer to Part I for discussion of specific care options and outcome expectations and management...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322234/-efficacy-of-a-ketogenic-diet-in-urological-cancers-patients-a-systematic-review
#14
P Maisch, J E Gschwend, M Retz
BACKGROUND: Beside the classical anticancer treatment tumor patients try to find proactive alternative therapies to fight their disease. Lifestyle changes such as introducing a ketogenic diet is one of the most popular among them. The German Association of Urological Oncology (AUO, Arbeitsgemeinschaft Urologische Onkologie) presents a systematic review investigating the evidence of ketogenic diet in cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature research was conducted in the databases Medline, Livivo, and the Cochrane Library...
January 10, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289535/female-sexual-function-following-surgical-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Maria Cláudia Bicudo-Fürst, Pedro Henrique Borba Leite, Felipe Placco Araújo Glina, Willy Baccaglini, Rafael Vilhena de Carvalho Fürst, Carlos Alberto Bezerra, Sidney Glina
INTRODUCTION: The impact of surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on female sexual function has received attention in the medical literature, but not in a structured manner. AIM: To assess the most recent evidence on the impact of surgical management for female SUI on female sexual function. METHODS: The review and meta-analysis of available articles published in Medline, Cochrane, LILACS, SCOPUS, Web of Science, CINHAL, and EMBASE included prospective randomized and non-randomized studies that assessed patients who underwent surgical treatment for UI through 2 validated questionnaires: the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
December 27, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241310/indocyanine-green-fluorescence-guided-sentinel-lymph-node-identification-in-urologic-cancers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Fouad Aoun, Simone Albisinni, Marc Zanaty, Toufic Hassan, Gunter Janetschek, Roland van Velthoven
INTRODUCTION: To date, bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) represents the most accurate and reliable staging procedure for the detection of lymph node invasion in prostate cancer and bladder cancer. However, the procedure is not devoid of complications. In this field, Indocyanine green fluorescence-guided sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification is an emerging and promising technique, as accurate staging of urologic cancer could be enhanced by a thorough evaluation of the sentinel lymph nodes...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241263/systematic-review-of-oral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-symptoms-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-the-brazilian-guidelines
#17
Thaís Guimarães Dos Santos, Isabela Albuquerque Severo de Miranda, Christiana Campani Nygaard, Lucas Schreiner, Rodrigo de Aquino Castro, Jorge Milhen Haddad
Interstitial cystitis (IC), including bladder pain syndrome (BPS), is a chronic and debilitating disease that mainly affects women. It is characterized by pelvic pain associated with urinary urgency, frequency, nocturia and negative urine culture, with normal cytology. In 2009, the Society for Urodynamics and Female Urology (SUFU) defined the term IC/BPS as "an unpleasant sensation (pain, pressure, and discomfort) perceived to be related to the urinary bladder, associated with lower urinary tract symptoms for more than 6 weeks duration, in the absence of infection or other identifiable causes...
December 14, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236344/association-between-urologic-malignancies-and-end-stage-renal-disease-a-meta-analysis
#18
Panagiotis Kompotiatis, Charat Thongprayoon, Sandhya Manohar, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Maria L Gonzalez Suarez, Iasmina M Craici, Michael A Mao, Sandra M Herrmann
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested a higher incidence of urologic malignancies in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. However, incidence trends of urologic malignancies in ESRD patients remain unclear. The study's aims were 1) to investigate the pooled incidence/incidence trends and 2) to assess the risk of urologic malignancies in ESRD patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Database from inception through April 2017...
December 13, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234529/the-effectiveness-of-ureteric-metal-stents-in-malignant-ureteric-obstructions-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Panagiotis Kallidonis, Dimitrios Kotsiris, Francesco Sanguedolce, Panteleimon Ntasiotis, Evangelos Liatsikos, Athanasios Papatsoris
Objective: To review the literature on the effectiveness, safety and long-term patency of ureteric metal mesh stents (MSs), as a variety of MSs have been used for managing malignant ureteric obstruction over the last three decades. Materials and methods: A systematic review using the search string; Ureter∗ AND (stent OR endoprosthesis) AND metal∗ was conducted on PubMed, Scopus, Web of science and Cochrane Library online databases in May 2016. Prospective, retrospective, and comparative studies including MSs were included...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225059/effect-of-music-on-outpatient-urological-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-from-european-section-of-uro-technology-esut
#20
Rena Kyriakides, Patrick Jones, Robert Geraghty, Andreas Skolarikos, Evangellos Liatsikos, Olivier Traxer, Amelia Pietropaolo, Bhaskar K Somani
PURPOSE: Music is a practical, cheap and harmless analgesic and anxiolytic. An increasing number of original studies have been performed investigating its potential application in urology. Our aim was to identify the effect of music on outpatient based urological procedures. METHOD: A systematic review was performed on the effect of using music during all reported outpatient urology procedures including transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy (TRUS), shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL), urodynamic studies (UDS), percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) tube placement and cystoscopy...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Urology
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