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pediatric ophtalmology

Ellen Nordal, Veronika Rypdal, Terje Christoffersen, Kristiina Aalto, Lillemor Berntson, Anders Fasth, Troels Herlin, Susan Nielsen, Suvi Peltoniemi, Bjørn Straume, Marek Zak, Marite Rygg
BACKGROUND: The incidence of uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) varies around the world. Our aim was to investigate the incidence and predictors of uveitis in a Nordic population-based cohort. METHODS: Consecutive JIA cases from defined geographical areas in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway with disease onset between January 1997 to June 2000 were followed for median 98 months in this prospective longitudinal cohort study. Potential clinical and immunological predictors of uveitis were identified with logistic regression analysis...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Charlotte Cuerq, Lioara Restier, Jocelyne Drai, Emilie Blond, Adeline Roux, Sybil Charriere, Marie-Caroline Michalski, Mathilde Di Filippo, Emile Levy, Alain Lachaux, Noël Peretti
BACKGROUND: Chylomicron retention disease (CMRD), a rare genetic hypocholesterolemia, results in neuro-ophtalmologic damages, which can be prevented by high doses of vitamin E during infancy. In these patients, plasma vitamin E concentration is significantly reduced due to defects of chylomicron secretion. Vitamin E in adipose tissue (AT) and red blood cells (RBC) have been proposed as potential relevant biomarkers of vitamin E status but no reference values in children are available...
August 12, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
R Cohen, I Hau, F Madhi
ENT and dental surgical procedures are the most common causes of surgery in children: the majority of them (adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, trans-tympanic tubes, etc.) does not warrant antibiotic prophylaxis (ABP). When ABP is justified, it follows the general rules of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis: a molecule spectrum including the main bacterial targets (and possibly not used in curative treatment), short-term administration, a single injection 30 to 60 minutes before surgical incision. For cataracts, prophylaxis by intracameral cefuroxime must supplant the antibiotic therapy...
November 2013: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Dobrila Veljković, Milos Kuzmanović, Dragan Mićić, Olivera Šerbić-Nonković
Complications caused by elevated white blood cell count in pediatric patients with CML could be a presenting feature of the disease. Here, we present two adolescents, aged 16 and 17years, who were admitted for investigation of extremely elevated leukocytes and complications of leucostasis. Initial manifestations were priapism and blurred vision, respectively. Diagnosis of chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia is established, and conventional measures for leucoreduction began. However, since there were no improvements, a leukapheresis procedure was initiated...
June 2012: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Bogusława Zelwiańska, Grazyna Gucwa-Piotrowska, Anna Lis-Hille, Stawomir Kroczka
INTRODUCTION: In recent years significant increase of children reffered to neurological consultations has been observed. Also structure of diagnosis has changed fundamentally. AIM: The aim of the study was to reveal differentiated structure of diagnosis in children reffered to neurology outpatient clinics during 2 years of their work. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis included medical documentation of 18127 children aged 1-18 years, patients of Neurology Outpatient Clinic, Headache Outpatient Clinic and Neuromuscular Diseases Outpatient Clinic...
2008: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Anna Niwald, Beata Orawiec, Mirosława Grałek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to present the clinical and histopathological characteristics of choristoma tumors of the eye in children and to estimate the surgical treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 23 children with choristoma of visual organ including 10 girls (43.5%) and 13 boys (56.5%) in age between 2 months and 16 years, hospitalized in Department of Pediatrics Ophthalmology between 1999 and 2005. Complete ophtalmological examination and ultrasonography of eyeballs and orbital cavity was performed...
2007: Klinika Oczna
Juan P Torres T, J Pablo López G
Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is a serious condition that can impair vision. It mostly occurs in adult patients, especially those severely immunocompromised, in association with a reactivation of a herpes virus infection. Clinical and ophtalmological features of ARN and recommended diagnostic and management strategies are reviewed.
August 2007: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
N Matoussi, S Ben Slima, Z Fitouri, S Marrakchi, S Ben Becher
UNLABELLED: Childhood uveitis is a rare but serious disease that may causes visual loss. Causes are various and an underlying disease is not always found. PURPOSE: To analyse clinical features and prognosis of uveitis in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive study of cases observed in a general pediatric unit over a period of 15 years (1990-2005) at Tunis. RESULTS: We gathered 18 cases of uveitis (girls 55...
July 2007: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Marek Kaciński, Jacek Składzień, Ewa Wesołowska, Alicja Kubik
BACKGROUND: Paranasal sinus involvement in the developmental age can be clinically uncharacteristic, and therefore it is commonly diagnosed accidentally with other diseases. Not all cases of such sinusitis need otolaryngologic treatment. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Was to assess the real prevalence of sinus involvement imaging in head MR scans diagnosed in children with neurological diseases and to describe the need of laryngological therapy in these cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the period of 16 months (01...
2006: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Alessandra Sansonetti, Jacques Périsset, Michaël Reinhardt et al.
Twenty pediatricians conducted a study for the detection of ophtalmological defects in children aged 36 to 54 months using a protocol designed by the Groupe Romand d'Etudes en Pédiatrie Ambulatoire (GREPA) and by an ophthalmologist. After a pilot test run for correcting the protocol and the testing procedure, visual acuity was assessed using the Scholatest, stereoscopy using the Lang test and ocular deviation using the Hirschberg test. A total number of 1243 children were examined, some of which needed to be tested twice...
August 2004: Revue Médicale de la Suisse Romande
G Zarbock, S Matthes-Martin, F J Schulte
At the departments of neurosurgery and pediatrics of the University Hospital of Hamburg 21 patients after neurosurgery and radiation of cerebellar tumors have been examined as to neuropsychological, neurological and ophtalmological disabilities. A standardized questionairy for the parents concerning different aspects of their children's quality of life (physical, mental, social health and functional limitations) was performed. 16 children showed minor neurological signs with no or mild disability, in 5 children severe disability was found...
July 1989: Klinische Pädiatrie
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