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Community based participatory research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810418/preventing-cardiovascular-disease-participant-perspectives-of-the-faith-program
#1
LaPrincess C Brewer, Eleshia J Morrison, Joyce E Balls-Berry, Patrick Dean, Kandace Lackore, Sarah Jenkins, Consuelo Cohen, Jacqueline Johnson, Frances Ellis, D C Mangum, Sharonne N Hayes, Christi Patten
Striking cardiovascular health disparities exist among African-Americans in Minnesota compared to Whites; however, community-based interventions to address cardiovascular disease risk are lacking. This study explored participant perceptions of a culturally tailored, cardiovascular disease prevention program developed using a community-based participatory research process. Research participation perceptions, program benefits, and program satisfaction/acceptability were analyzed using a mixed-methods approach...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809187/ict-design-for-collaborative-and-community-driven-disaster-management
#2
Craig E Kuziemsky
Information and communication technologies (ICT) have the potential to greatly enhance our ability to develop community reliance and sustainability to support disaster management. However, developing community resilience requires the sharing of numerous resources and the development of collaborative capacity, both of which make ICT design a challenge. This paper presents a framework that integrates community based participatory research (CBPR) and participatory design (PD). We discuss how the framework provides bounding to support community driven ICT design and evaluation...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807739/community-based-participatory-research-to-design-a-faith-enhanced-diabetes-prevention-program-the-better-me-within-randomized-trial
#3
Heather Kitzman, Leilani Dodgen, Abdullah Mamun, J Lee Slater, George King, Donna Slater, Alene King, Surendra Mandapati, Mark DeHaven
Reducing obesity positively impacts diabetes and cardiovascular risk; however, evidence-based lifestyle programs, such as the diabetes prevention program (DPP), show reduced effectiveness in African American (AA) women. In addition to an attenuated response to lifestyle programs, AA women also demonstrate high rates of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. To address these disparities, enhancements to evidence-based lifestyle programs for AA women need to be developed and evaluated with culturally relevant and rigorous study designs...
August 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803597/somali-latino-and-hmong-parents-perceptions-and-approaches-about-raising-healthy-weight-children-a-community-based-participatory-research-study
#4
Chrisa Arcan, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Maira Rosas-Lee, Mai Bao Xiong
OBJECTIVE: Immigrants in the USA are confronted with health disparities, including childhood obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. We aimed to identify perceptions of childhood body weight, approaches to raising healthy children and desires for supportive programmes of Somali, Latino and Hmong (SLM) parents in the Twin Cities, Minnesota, USA. DESIGN: Using community-based participatory research, ten focus groups (FG) were conducted with sixty-seven parents (n 28 Somali, three FG; n 19 Latino, four FG; n 20 Hmong, three FG) of 3-12-year-old children in their native language...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799688/developing-a-program-for-enhancing-youth-hiv-treatment-adherence-and-risk-reduction
#5
Warunee Fongkaew, Warawan Udomkhamsuk, Nongkran Viseskul, Marisa Guptaruk
Youth living with HIV face difficult and challenging situations that decrease their adherence to antiretroviral medications. In this study, we developed a pilot program to enhance HIV treatment adherence and risk reduction among youth living with HIV based on collaboration with a community hospital involving a multi-disciplinary healthcare team. Participants were 25 youth living with HIV/AIDS, 18 caregivers, and 12 healthcare providers. The action research process comprised a preliminary stage and four phases of assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation...
August 11, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774559/implementation-of-hpv-vaccination-guidelines-in-a-diverse-population-in-los-angeles-results-from-an-environmental-scan-of-local-hpv-resources-and-needs
#6
Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Brianna A Lienemann, Marisela Robles, Ethel Johnson, Kathleen Sanchez, Rita Singhal, Jane Steinberg, Jenny M Jaque, Mary Ann Pentz, Stephen Gruber
Research shows that vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is one of the most effective methods for reducing risk for cervical cancer; it also protects against other HPV-related cancers. Controversies exist regarding HPV vaccination in several communities; which may in part explain why although rates of HPV vaccination are increasing nationwide, Los Angeles County (LAC) data show that many adolescents are still not vaccinated. These adolescents remain at high-risk for infection. Using community-based participatory principles, we conducted an environmental scan that included a literature review, the development of a community advisory board, community feedback from HPV community meetings, and interviews with stakeholders to understand attitudes toward HPV vaccination and their impact in follow through with HPV vaccines...
July 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771402/improving-culturally-appropriate-care-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-evaluation-of-a-multicomponent-cultural-competency-training-program-arkansas-2015-2016
#7
Pearl Anna McElfish, Christopher R Long, Brett Rowland, Sarah Moore, Ralph Wilmoth, Britni Ayers
INTRODUCTION: The United States continues to become more racially and ethnically diverse, and racial/ethnic minority communities encounter sociocultural barriers to quality health care, including implicit racial/ethnic bias among health care providers. In response, health care organizations are developing and implementing cultural competency curricula. Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, we developed and evaluated a cultural competency training program to improve the delivery of culturally appropriate care in Marshallese and Hispanic communities...
August 3, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759329/health-literacy-and-informed-consent-materials-designed-for-documentation-not-comprehension-of-health-research
#8
Vanessa Watts Simonds, Eva Marie Garroutte, Dedra Buchwald
Minority populations with health disparities are underrepresented in research designed to address those disparities. One way to improve minority representation is to use community-based participatory methods to overcome barriers to research participation, beginning with the informed consent process. Relevant barriers to participation include lack of individual or community awareness or acceptance of research processes and purposes. These barriers are associated with limited health literacy. To inform recommendations for an improved consent process, we examined 97 consent documents and 10 associated Institutional Review Board websites to determine their health literacy demands and degree of adherence to principles of community-based research...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750615/implications-of-male-circumcision-for-women-in-papua-new-guinea-a-transformational-grounded-theory-study
#9
Michelle Redman-MacLaren, Jane Mills, Rachael Tommbe, David MacLaren, Rick Speare, William J H McBride
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision reduces the risk of female-to-male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is being explored for HIV prevention in Papua New Guinea (PNG). PNG has a concentrated HIV epidemic which is largely heterosexually transmitted. There are a diverse range of male circumcision and penile modification practices across PNG. Exploring the implications of male circumcision for women in PNG is important to inform evidence-based health policy that will result in positive, intended consequences...
July 27, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750178/modifying-an-evidence-based-lifestyle-programme-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Simon Driver, Megan Reynolds, Kaye Kramer
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at a risk of obesity-related chronic diseases; yet, no evidence-based strategies exist to support weight management in this population. The purpose of this study was to use participatory action research to modify the Diabetes Prevention Program Group Lifestyle Balance (DPP-GLB) programme for overweight/obese people with TBI. The DPP-GLB programme provides education and self-management skills for individuals to reach their lifestyle goals through healthy eating and physical activity...
July 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745013/moving-alcohol-prevention-research-forward-part-ii-new-directions-grounded-in-community-based-system-dynamics-modeling
#11
Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael K Lemke, Adam E Barry, Kristen Hassmiller Lich
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Given the complexity of factors contributing to alcohol misuse, appropriate epistemologies and methodologies are needed to understand and intervene meaningfully. We aimed to (1) provide an overview of computational modeling methodologies, with an emphasis on system dynamics modeling; (2) explain how community-based system dynamics modeling can forge new directions in alcohol prevention research; and (3) present a primer on how to build alcohol misuse simulation models using system dynamics modeling, with an emphasis on stakeholder involvement, data sources, and model validation...
July 25, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740845/perspectives-on-a-us-mexico-border-community-s-diabetes-and-health-care-access-mobilization-efforts-and-comparative-analysis-of-community-health-needs-over-12%C3%A2-years
#12
Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales, Jill Eileen Guernsey de Zapien, Jean Chang, Maia Ingram, Maria L Fernandez, Scott C Carvajal, Lisa K Staten
This paper describes a community coalition-university partnership to address health needs in an underserved US-Mexico border, community. For approximately 15 years, this coalition engaged in community-based participatory research with community organizations, state/local health departments, and the state's only accredited college of public health. Notable efforts include the systematic collection of health-relevant data 12 years apart and data that spawned numerous health promotion activities. The latter includes specific evidence-based chronic disease-preventive interventions, including one that is now disseminated and replicated in Latino communities in the US and Mexico, and policy-level changes...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736414/community-interactive-research-workshop-series-community-members-engaged-as-team-teachers-to-conduct-research
#13
Connie Kim Nguyen-Truong, Joannie Tang, Chiao-Yun Hsiao
BACKGROUND: Vietnamese women are diagnosed with cervical cancer at twice the rate of non-Hispanic White women and the highest compared to Chinese, Filipino, Korean, and Japanese women. ἀ e Vietnamese Women's Health Project, a community-based participatory research partnership, was developed to address this concern. In earlier studies, community members received research training. OBJECTIVES: To describe how we developed an innovative curricular research training framework...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736409/putting-the-community-back-into-community-health-needs-assessments-maximizing-partnerships-via-community-based-participatory-research
#14
Chris Michael Kirk, Sharon Johnson-Hakim, Ashley Anglin, Catherine Connelly
THE PROBLEM: The community health needs assessment (CHNA) mandate of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) has the potential to make significant and sustainable change in the health of communities. However, to date many hospital-led assessments have used traditional, top-down data collection approaches that overemphasize individualized community member deficits and underutilize collaboration across sectors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to present the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR) as a framework for conducting CHNAs in a way that mitigates the potential for harm, waste, and misrepresentation of community assets and needs that characterizes many existing CHNA processes, illustrating the power of applying CBPR partnerships to this process...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736406/using-policy-briefs-to-present-scientific-results-of-cbpr-farmworkers-in-north-carolina
#15
Thomas A Arcury, Melinda F Wiggins, Carol Brooke, Anna Jensen, Phillip Summers, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: Using scientific results to inform policy that improves health and well-being of vulnerable community members is essential to community-based participatory research (CBPR). OBJECTIVES: We describe "policy briefs," a mechanism developed to apply the results of CBPR projects with migrant and seasonal farmworkers to policy changes. LESSONS LEARNED: Policy briefs are two-page summaries of published research that address a single policy issue using language and graphics to make the science accessible to diverse audiences...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736405/the-development-of-culturally-appropriate-tobacco-prevention-videos-targeted-toward-somali-youth
#16
Erika A Pinsker, Kathleen T Call, Akiko Tanaka, Abdillahi A Kahin, Sarah I Dar, Abdillahi Ganey, Diana K DuBois, Kolawole S Okuyemi
BACKGROUND: Approximately 18% of Somali youth in Minnesota intend to use tobacco in the next year and youth perceive that 64% of their peers smoke. High perceived prevalence increases tobacco use intentions and initiation, indicating that Somali youth-targeted tobacco prevention efforts are needed. OBJECTIVES: To develop a Somali youth-targeted tobacco prevention intervention using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted to inform the development of a tobacco prevention intervention...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736404/factors-that-facilitate-addressing-social-determinants-of-health-throughout-community-based-participatory-research-processes
#17
Rebecca Paradiso de Sayu, Shannon M Sparks
BACKGROUND: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is one approach to addressing health disparities. Considering social conditions that foster disparate health outcomes is a strength of CBPR studies that move beyond a more narrow focus on modifying individual health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This article examines factors that facilitate addressing the social determinants of health (SDH) throughout a CBPR process. METHODS: Conducting an extensive literature review of relevant key terms and, subsequently, using purposeful snowball sampling, we identified ten CBPR partnerships that addressed SDH and conducted semistructured interviews followed by qualitative content analysis...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736403/combating-health-disparities-in-cambodian-american-communities-a-cbpr-approach-to-building-community-capacity
#18
S Megan Berthold, Sengly Kong, Theanvy Kuoch, Elizabeth A Schilling, Rasy An, Mary Blatz, Rorng Sorn, Sivheng Ung, Yorn Yan, Mary Scully, Seiya Fukuda, Lorin Mordecai
BACKGROUND: Cambodian Americans have higher rates of health problems compared with the general U.S. POPULATION: A relatively modest community capacity for collecting data contributes to these disparities. OBJECTIVES: To (1) further develop the Cambodian American community's capacity to design and conduct health research meaningful to their community via a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, (2) train and deploy bilingual community health workers (CHWs) to gather health-related data from their communities using mobile technology, and (3) measure the feasibility and effectiveness of our efforts...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733128/dance-for-health-an-intergenerational-program-to-increase-access-to-physical-activity
#19
Krista Schroeder, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Adriana Perez, David Earley, Cory Bowman, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Dance for Health, an intergenerational program to increase access to physical activity in an underserved, high risk urban community. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dance for Health was developed using community-based participatory research methods and evaluated using an observational study design. The program entailed two hour line dancing sessions delivered by trained dance instructors in the neighborhood recreation center...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724669/seeds-of-hope-incorporating-community-based-strategies-to-implement-a-weight-loss-and-empowerment-intervention-in-eastern-north-carolina
#20
Lorenzo N Hopper, Kate F Blackman, Rachel A Page, Katie Barnes, Ziya Gizlice, A Imani Rivera, Lori Carter-Edwards
Seeds of HOPE (Health, Opportunities, Partnerships, and Empowerment) was a community-based participatory research project designed to implement an evidence-based weight loss and empowerment intervention aimed at increasing self-efficacy through peer support. HOPE Works, its model, has yielded significant weight loss and increases in participants' ability to set and achieve goals, including in consumption of fruits and vegetables and in physical activity.METHODS The Seeds of HOPE project was implemented through 3 peer leader recruitment approaches using Circle Leaders...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
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