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Community based participatory research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351650/are-evidence-based-community-engaged-energy-balance-interventions-enough-for-extremely-vulnerable-populations
#1
Nancy E Schoenberg, Yelena N Tarasenko, Claire Snell-Rood
Well-documented associations between lifestyle behaviors and disease outcomes necessitate evidence-based health promotion interventions. To enhance potential efficacy and effectiveness, interventionists increasingly respond to community priorities, employ comprehensive theoretical frameworks, invest heavily to ensure cultural fit, implement evidence-based programming, and deploy research gold standards. We describe a project that followed all of these recommended strategies, but did not achieve desired outcomes...
January 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344773/beyond-content-cultural-perspectives-on-using-the-internet-to-deliver-a-sexual-health-intervention-to-american-indian-youth
#2
Kirsten J Black, Bradley Morse, Nicole Tuitt, CeCe Big Crow, Carly Shangreau, Carol E Kaufman
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) youth are characterized by high rates of pregnancy and risky sexual behavior. Reaching these youth with culturally appropriate interventions is difficult due to geographic dispersion and cultural isolation. Online interventions can provide opportunities for reaching and engaging AIAN youth. However, electronic interventions are also impersonal and this can be culturally incongruous for AIANs and other populations for whom traditional ceremonies, practices and patterns of interpersonal communication are central...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342985/community-based-health-and-exposure-study-around-urban-oil-developments-in-south-los-angeles
#3
Bhavna Shamasunder, Ashley Collier-Oxandale, Jessica Blickley, James Sadd, Marissa Chan, Sandy Navarro, Michael Hannigan, Nicole J Wong
Oilfield-adjacent communities often report symptoms such as headaches and/or asthma. Yet, little data exists on health experiences and exposures in urban environments with oil and gas development. In partnership with Promotoras de Salud (community health workers), we gathered household surveys nearby two oil production sites in Los Angeles. We tested the capacity of low-cost sensors for localized exposure estimates. Bilingual surveys of 205 randomly sampled residences were collected within two 1500 ft. buffer areas (West Adams and University Park) surrounding oil development sites...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332505/building-a-novel-health-curriculum-for-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence-residing-at-a-transitional-housing-program
#4
Maya Ragavan, Janine Bruce, Megan Bair-Merritt, Sarah Lucha, Jacqueline Maya-Silva, Emily Stebbins, Lisa Chamberlain
We used a community-based participatory research approach to develop, implement, and evaluate one of the first health curricula for female intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors residing at a transitional housing program. The curriculum comprised 12 workshops that were developed based on the survivors' experiences, needs, and interests. Evaluation participants included 20 of the 37 women who attended at least one workshop, 12 workshop facilitators, and two housing center staff. Participants found the curriculum to be engaging, interactive, and helpful in building a supportive community...
April 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324941/adolescent-health-promotion-based-on-community-centered-arts-education
#5
Anny Giselly Milhome da Costa Farre, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Maria Dalva Dos Santos Alves, Estela Maria Leite Meirelles Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of arts education to health promotion of adolescents in situations of urban social vulnerability. METHOD: Participatory evaluative research, with a qualitative approach, using as a reference the theoretical constructs of Paulo Freire's Conscientization and the Empowerment Evaluation as a method of collecting with adolescents and teachers of an arts education program in the field of the Family Health Strategy. RESULTS: Participants constructed a collective mission that represented the concept of adolescent health promotion...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323422/community-interest-and-feasibility-of-using-a-novel-smartphone-based-formaldehyde-exposure-detection-technology
#6
Jessica Castner, Gretchen E Gehrke, Nicholas Shapiro, Karen C Dannemiller
OBJECTIVE: This study is the first community engagement phase of a project to develop a residential formaldehyde detection system. The objectives were to conduct a feasibility assessment for device use, and identify factors associated with concerns about environmental exposure and community interest in this device. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional, internet-based survey employing community-based participatory research principles was utilized. 147 individuals participated from a focused Waycross, Georgia (58...
January 11, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323410/housing-first-and-photovoice-transforming-lives-communities-and-systems
#7
Anna S Pruitt, John P Barile, Terry Yasuko Ogawa, Nelson Peralta, Reumell Bugg, John Lau, Thomas Lamberton, Corazon Hall, Victor Mori
This article presents findings from a community-based participatory evaluation of a Housing First program on the Island of O'ahu. In this study, clients in a Housing First program used Photovoice to evaluate the program and to advocate for progressive housing policies. Written together by members of the Housing First Photovoice group, this collaborative article describes the outcomes from both the Housing First program and the Photovoice project and demonstrates the ways in which participatory program evaluations can interact with client-driven programs like Housing First to produce a cumulative, transformative impact...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304877/what-is-required-for-community-based-participatory-research-to-be-effective-studying-asylum-seekers-access-to-healthcare
#8
Ifat Vainer, Tamy Shohat
This commentary on the paper by Gottlieb et al. [IJPHR November 2017] expands the discussion of the community-based participatory research approach, which is based on equal partnership between researchers and community members. We emphasize the essential principles that were originally introduced in order for this approach to be effective.
January 5, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304250/how-people-centred-health-systems-can-reach-the-grassroots-experiences-implementing-community-level-quality-improvement-in-rural-tanzania-and-uganda
#9
Tara Tancred, Rogers Mandu, Claudia Hanson, Monica Okuga, Fatuma Manzi, Stefan Peterson, Joanna Schellenberg, Peter Waiswa, Tanya Marchant
Background: Quality improvement (QI) methods engage stakeholders in identifying problems, creating strategies called change ideas to address those problems, testing those change ideas and scaling them up where successful. These methods have rarely been used at the community level in low-income country settings. Here we share experiences from rural Tanzania and Uganda, where QI was applied as part of the Expanded Quality Management Using Information Power (EQUIP) intervention with the aim of improving maternal and newborn health...
January 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298494/development-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-screening-tool-for-underserved-older-adults-with-chronic-illnesses
#10
Angela Ghesquiere, Daniel S Gardner, Caitlin McAfee, Cara Kenien, Elizabeth Capezuti, Elissa Kozlov, Jo Anne Sirey, M Carrington Reid
Although they experience high rates of chronic illness, low-income minority communities have traditionally underutilized palliative care services compared to whites and those with higher incomes. One reason for this trend is lack of screening by community providers. We utilized a community-based participatory research approach to develop and implement an innovative multidomain palliative care screening tool in aging service agencies. Participants were aging service providers and clients in the East and Central Harlem neighborhoods of New York City, which are characterized by high poverty, largely African American and Latino populations, disproportionally high rates of chronic conditions, and limited health-care access...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297336/engaging-stakeholders-lessons-from-the-use-of-participatory-tools-for-improving-maternal-and-child-care-health-services
#11
Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Upasona Ghosh, Rittika Brahmachari, Ligia Paina
BACKGROUND: Effective stakeholder engagement in research and implementation is important for improving the development and implementation of policies and programmes. A varied number of tools have been employed for stakeholder engagement. In this paper, we discuss two participatory methods for engaging with stakeholders - participatory social network analysis (PSNA) and participatory impact pathways analysis (PIPA). Based on our experience, we derive lessons about when and how to apply these tools...
December 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288405/reducing-the-risk-of-postpartum-depression-in-a-low-income-community-through-a-community-health-worker-intervention
#12
Christopher Mundorf, Arti Shankar, Tracy Moran, Sherry Heller, Anna Hassan, Emily Harville, Maureen Lichtveld
Objectives To clarify the effectiveness of perinatal social support interventions in reducing postpartum depression among minority, low-income women. Methods The Transdisciplinary Research Consortium for Gulf Resilience on Women's Health supported a community-based participatory research project to improve perinatal health among low-income, first-time pregnant women living in a vulnerable Gulf Coast region. Community health workers (CHWs) were partnered with recruited women, and used a mix of mobile technology and home visits to develop a supportive relationship during the perinatal period...
December 29, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284432/mujeres-fuertes-y-corazones-saludables-adaptation-of-the-strongwomen-healthy-hearts-program-for-rural-latinas-using-an-intervention-mapping-approach
#13
Cynthia K Perry, Jean C McCalmont, Judy P Ward, Hannah-Dulya K Menelas, Christie Jackson, Jazmyne R De Witz, Emma Solanki, Rebecca A Seguin
OBJECTIVE: To describe our use of intervention mapping as a systematic method to adapt an evidence-based physical activity and nutrition program to reflect the needs of rural Latinas. METHODS: An intervention mapping process involving six steps guided the adaptation of an evidence based physical activity and nutrition program, using a community-based participatory research approach. We partnered with a community advisory board of rural Latinas throughout the adaptation process...
December 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283040/-just-say-it-like-it-is-use-of-a-community-based-participatory-approach-to-develop-a-technology-driven-food-literacy-program-for-adolescents
#14
Catherine A Wickham, Elena T Carbone
FuelUp&Go! is a technology-driven food literacy program consisting of six in-person skill building sessions as well as fitness trackers, text messages, and a companion website. A community-based participatory research approach was used with adolescents who were recruited to participate in a Kid Council. Qualitative data were collected about the use of surveys, program activities, recipes, technology and text messages, and music and incentives. Changes suggested by Kid Councilmembers informed the design and development of a pilot program...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273995/applied-mycology-can-contribute-to-sustainable-rural-livelihoods-building-upon-china-s-matsutake-management-initiatives
#15
Madeline Brown, Timothy McLellan, Huili Li, Samantha C Karunarathna
Matsutake mushrooms are an important part of rural livelihoods and forest ecosystems across large parts of China, as well as elsewhere in East Asia, Northern Europe and North America. Mushroom harvesters have developed sophisticated understandings of matsutake ecology and production, and are applying this knowledge in various innovative management strategies. At the same time, Chinese government agencies and scientists are promoting matsutake-based livelihoods to support development and conservation goals. We collaborated with matsutake harvesters in one Yunnan community to carry out a systematic experiment on a popular shiro-level management technique: covering matsutake shiros with either plastic or leaf litter...
December 22, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258551/community-based-participatory-research-and-integrated-knowledge-translation-advancing-the-co-creation-of-knowledge
#16
Janet Jull, Audrey Giles, Ian D Graham
BACKGROUND: Better use of research evidence (one form of "knowledge") in health systems requires partnerships between researchers and those who contend with the real-world needs and constraints of health systems. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) and integrated knowledge translation (IKT) are research approaches that emphasize the importance of creating partnerships between researchers and the people for whom the research is ultimately meant to be of use ("knowledge users")...
December 19, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243548/readability-of-human-subjects-training-materials-for-research
#17
Kristie B Hadden, Latrina Prince, Laura James, Jennifer Holland, Christopher R Trudeau
Institutions are required to ensure that persons involved in human subjects research receive appropriate human subjects protections training and education. Several organizations use the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) program to fulfill training requirements. Most researchers find the CITI program too complex for community members who collaborate with researchers. This study aimed to determine the readability of CITI modules most frequently used in community-based participatory research (CBPR)...
February 2018: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240536/dementia-awareness-campaign-in-the-latino-community-a-novel-community-engagement-pilot-training-program-with-promotoras
#18
Nusha Askari, Ann Choryan Bilbrey, Iliana Garcia Ruiz, Marika Blair Humber, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To create a curriculum about Alzheimer's disease and dementia, and to train Promotoras affiliated with a local community education and health advocacy organization, in order to raise awareness and knowledge of what dementia is, and how it can be recognized, in persons of Hispanic/Latino descent. METHODS: Community based participatory research (CPBR) model was used to create materials, implement training, and engage/empower Promotoras to educate the local community...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237440/experiences-of-community-members-and-researchers-on-community-engagement-in-an-ecohealth-project-in-south-africa-and-zimbabwe
#19
Rosemary Musesengwa, Moses J Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Community engagement (CE) models have provided much needed guidance for researchers to conceptualise and design engagement strategies for research projects. Most of the published strategies, however, still show very limited contribution of the community to the engagement process. One way of achieving this is to document experiences of community members in the CE processes during project implementation. The aim of our study was to explore the experiences of two research naïve communities, regarding a CE strategy collaboratively developed by researchers and study communities in a multicountry study...
December 13, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235941/ethical-challenges-in-community-based-participatory-research-a-scoping-review
#20
Elena Wilson, Amanda Kenny, Virginia Dickson-Swift
Ethical challenges in community-based participatory research (CBPR) are of increasing interest to researchers; however, it is not known how widespread these challenges are or how extensively the topic has been explored. Using Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review method, studies on ethical challenges in CBPR were mapped. Findings indicate that researchers continue to raise questions about ethics associated with CBPR. Our purpose in this article is to present a thematic summary of international ethical challenges as a guide for researchers interested in community participatory approaches and to better prepare them for qualitative health research with communities...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
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