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Community based participatory research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343021/application-of-mixed-methods-design-in-community-engaged-research-lessons-learned-from-an-evidence-based-intervention-for-latinos-with-chronic-illness-and-minor-depression
#1
Claudia X Aguado Loi, Moya L Alfonso, Isabella Chan, Kelsey Anderson, Dinorah Dina Martinez Tyson, Junius Gonzales, Jaime Corvin
The purpose of this paper is to share lessons learned from a collaborative, community-informed mixed-methods approach to adapting an evidence-based intervention to meet the needs of Latinos with chronic disease and minor depression and their family members. Mixed-methods informed by community-based participatory research (CBPR) were employed to triangulate multiple stakeholders' perceptions of facilitators and barriers of implementing the adapted intervention in community settings. Community partners provided an insider perspective to overcome methodological challenges...
December 24, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337924/making-sense-of-the-public-stigma-of-suicide
#2
Patrick W Corrigan, Lindsay Sheehan, Maya A Al-Khouja
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that stigma is a barrier to care for individuals who have attempted suicide. While extensive work has examined the stigma of mental illness, less research has focused on the public stigma of suicide. Existing measures of suicide stigma have lacked a conceptual foundation or have failed to include the perspectives of suicide stakeholders. AIMS: This research draws on previous qualitative research with suicide stakeholders to create a measure of public suicide stigma...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334802/engagement-strategies-that-foster-community-self-determination-in-participatory-research-insider-ownership-through-outsider-championship
#3
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background.: In order to maximize the benefits of community-based participatory research, effective ownership over the research process must be at least equally in the hands of the community. A previous social network analysis documented that the participatory research process shifted ownership from academic to community partners, but did not show what actions and strategies fostered this shift. Objectives.: This study follows the trajectory of a community-academic partnership and asks, from the perspective of the project stakeholders, which actions and strategies over the lifespan of the research led to the observed shift in ownership and decision-making from the original external academics to the community stakeholders? Methods...
February 18, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334786/lessons-learned-from-community-based-participatory-research-establishing-a-partnership-to-support-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-ageing-in-place
#4
Leslie A Wright, Diane K King, Jessica H Retrum, Kenneth Helander, Shari Wilkins, Jennifer M Boggs, Jennifer Dickman Portz, Kathryn Nearing, Wendolyn S Gozansky
Background.: Due to a history of oppression and lack of culturally competent services, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) seniors experience barriers to accessing social services. Tailoring an evidence-based ageing in place intervention to address the unique needs of LGBT seniors may decrease the isolation often faced by this population. Objective.: To describe practices used in the formation of a community-based participatory research (CBPR), partnership involving social workers, health services providers, researchers and community members who engaged to establish a LGBT ageing in place model called Seniors Using Supports To Age In Neighborhoods (SUSTAIN)...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334748/the-shifting-dynamics-of-social-roles-and-project-ownership-over-the-lifecycle-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-project
#5
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background: . Community based participatory research (CBPR) is often initiated by academic researchers, yet relies on meaningful community engagement and ownership to have lasting impact. Little is understood about how ownership shifts from academic to community partners. Objectives: . We examined a CBPR project over its life course and asked: what does the evolution of ownership look like from project initiation by an academic (non-community) champion (T1); to maturation-when the intervention is ready to be deployed (T2); to independence-the time when the original champion steps aside (T3); and finally, to its maintenance-when the community has had an opportunity to function independently of the original academic champion (T4)? Methods: ...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332066/cultural-variables-underlying-obesity-in-latino-men-design-rationale-and-participant-characteristics-from-the-latino-men-s-health-initiative
#6
Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen, Meredith Craven, Magdalena Nava, Angelica Alonso, Amanda Dykema-Engblade, Alfred Rademaker, Hui Xie
Overweight and obesity are associated with significant health problems and rates of obesity are high among Latino men. This paper describes the design, rationale and participant characteristics of the key demographic variables assessed in an NIH-funded study (R21-CA143636) addressing culture and several obesity-related variables (diet, physical activity, and body image) among Mexican and Puerto Rican men using a community-based participatory research framework. Participants completed objective measures (height, weight, body fat, hip, waist), a health and culture interview, a diet questionnaire, and used an accelerometer to measure their level of physical activity...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320374/using-a-multimethod-approach-to-develop-implementation-strategies-for-a-cervical-self-sampling-program-in-kenya
#7
Irene Podolak, Caroline Kisia, Gloria Omosa-Manyonyi, Jarold Cosby
BACKGROUND: Numerous health policy makers/researchers are concerned about the limitations of research being applied to support informed decision/policy making and the implementation of practical solutions. The aim of the Chaguo Letu project (which means our choice in Swahili) was to determine how local decision makers could apply a multimethod approach to make strategic decisions to effectively implement a Cervical Self-Sampling Program in Kenya. METHODS: A multimethod approach, involving participatory action research, scenario based planning, and phenomenology, was applied in conjunction with two tools to identify relevant factors (negative or positive) that could impact Cervical Self-Sampling Program implementation...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316908/exploring-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-diverse-ethnic-groups-in-schools-and-places-of-worship-recruitment-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-data-collection-and-intervention-components
#8
Maria Maynard, Graham Baker, Seeromanie Harding
Small-scale, detailed exploration of the recruitment, assessment, and evaluation processes of obesity intervention among minority ethnic children. The study took place in schools and places of worship during 2008-2010 in London, UK. Measures included 3-day food diaries, 24 h dietary recalls, the Youth Physical Activity Questionnaire, accelerometry, and diet and physical activity self-efficacy questionnaires. Potential intervention components were evaluated via observation, questionnaires, and focus group discussions...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285333/south-asian-health-from-research-to-practice-and-policy-an-overview
#9
Francesca Gany, Latha Palaniappan, Lakshmi Prasad, Sudha Acharya, Jennifer Leng
The US South Asian population has grown tremendously, and is now over 2.5 million. South Asians often face tremendous cultural, socioeconomic, linguistic and structural obstacles to good health, and face staggering cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer risk. Coupled with this is a paucity of detailed data on the population's unique CVD and cancer risk profiles, etiologic mechanisms, and effective interventions to address South Asian health disparities. This data gap compelled an initiative to develop more targeted research and evidence-based practice and policy approaches...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283380/developing-evidence-for-football-soccer-reminiscence-interventions-within-long-term-care-a-co-operative-approach-applied-in-scotland-and-spain
#10
Laura Coll-Planas, Karen Watchman, Sara Doménech, David McGillivray, Hugh O'Donnell, Debbie Tolson
Loneliness is a common experience within long-term care and, to promote well-being and quality of life among people with dementia, it is important to draw upon a repertoire of strategies that provide social stimulation, companionship, and enjoyment. This paper describes and reflects on a program of co-operative social participatory research that sought to introduce football-focused (ie, soccer-based) reminiscence based in 4 community settings within Spain and Scotland. Findings are reported and inform an original conceptual model that supports the introduction of sustainable approaches to the development of football-focused reminiscence with and for people with dementia...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283032/sustainability-via-active-garden-education-sage-results-from-two-feasibility-pilot-studies
#11
Rebecca E Lee, Nathan H Parker, Erica G Soltero, Tracey A Ledoux, Scherezade K Mama, Lorna McNeill
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in early childhood are continued public health challenges. This manuscript describes outcomes from two pilot studies for Sustainability via Active Garden Education (SAGE), a program designed to increase PA and F&V consumption among 3 to 5 year old children. METHODS: SAGE was developed using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and delivered to children (N = 89) in early care and education centers (ECEC, N = 6) in two US cities...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277014/-you-are-labelled-by-your-children-s-disability-a-community-based-participatory-study-of-stigma-among-somali-parents-of-children-with-autism-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#12
Lucy Ellen Selman, Fiona Fox, Nura Aabe, Katrina Turner, Dheeraj Rai, Sabi Redwood
OBJECTIVES: Social stigma is commonly experienced by parents of children with autism. Our aim was to understand the nature of stigma experienced by Somali parents of children with autism in the United Kingdom (UK), and to consider how they coped with or resisted such stigma. DESIGN: We used a community-based participatory research approach, collaborating with a community organisation of Somali parents. In-depth interviews with simultaneous translation were conducted with 15 Somali parents of children with autism living in Bristol, UK, in 2015...
March 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272994/using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-implement-a-health-fair-for-children
#13
Kara C Hamilton, Randi J Henderson Mitchell, Rasheda Workman, Erika A Peoples, John C Higginbotham
When devising strategies to combat obesity, strategies focusing on children should be utilized since health-related behaviors track into adulthood. One strategy that begins to address, and brings awareness to, the rising obesity rates and other health disparities in adults is the utilization of community health fairs. Previous literature has described how to conduct an adult health fair using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, but no study has shown how to conduct a health fair for children...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270780/addressing-the-math-practice-gap-in-elementary-school-are-tablets-a-feasible-tool-for-informal-math-practice
#14
Sara T Stacy, Macey Cartwright, Zjanya Arwood, James P Canfield, Heidi Kloos
Students rarely practice math outside of school requirements, which we refer to as the "math-practice gap". This gap might be the reason why students struggle with math, making it urgent to develop means by which to address it. In the current paper, we propose that math apps offer a viable solution to the math-practice gap: Online apps can provide access to a large number of problems, tied to immediate feedback, and delivered in an engaging way. To substantiate this conversation, we looked at whether tablets are sufficiently engaging to motivate children's informal math practice...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264704/initiating-community-engagement-in-an-ecohealth-research-project-in-southern-africa
#15
Rosemary Musesengwa, Moses J Chimbari, Samson Mukaratirwa
BACKGROUND: Community Engagement (CE) in health research ensures that research is consistent with the socio-cultural, political and economic contexts where the research is conducted. The greatest challenges for researchers are the practical aspects of CE in multicentre health research. This study describes the CE in an ecohealth community-based research project focusing on two vulnerable and research naive rural communities. METHODS: A qualitative, longitudinal multiple case study approach was used...
March 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253872/midwestern-latino-caregivers-knowledge-attitudes-and-sense-making-of-the-oral-health-etiology-prevention-and-barriers-that-inhibit-their-children-s-oral-health-a-cbpr-approach
#16
Kimberly K Walker, E Angeles Martínez-Mier, Armando E Soto-Rojas, Richard D Jackson, Sarah M Stelzner, Lorena C Galvez, Gabriela J Smith, Miriam Acevedo, Laura Dandelet, Dulce Vega
BACKGROUND: Using community-based participatory research, the Health Protection Model was used to understand the cultural experiences, attitudes, knowledge and behaviors surrounding caries etiology, its prevention and barriers to accessing oral health care for children of Latino parents residing in Central Indiana. METHODS: A community reference group (CBPR) was established and bi-lingual community research associates were used to conduct focus groups comprised of Latino caregivers...
March 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245361/community-action-research-experience-care-training-family-physicians-in-community-based-participatory-research
#17
Nora Gimpel, Patti Pagels, Tiffany Kindratt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231285/the-mother-s-autonomy-in-decision-making-madm-scale-patient-led-development-and-psychometric-testing-of-a-new-instrument-to-evaluate-experience-of-maternity-care
#18
Saraswathi Vedam, Kathrin Stoll, Kelsey Martin, Nicholas Rubashkin, Sarah Partridge, Dana Thordarson, Ganga Jolicoeur
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a new instrument that assesses women's autonomy and role in decision making during maternity care. DESIGN: Through a community-based participatory research process, service users designed, content validated, and administered a cross-sectional quantitative survey, including 31 items on the experience of decision-making. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pregnancy experiences (n = 2514) were reported by 1672 women who saw a single type of primary maternity care provider in British Columbia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226393/supporting-self-management-by-community-matrons-through-a-group-intervention-an-action-research-study
#19
Abigail M Barkham, Steven J Ersser
The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and impact of a group intervention by Community Matrons to support those living with multiple long-terms conditions. Little evidence exists as to how the role of the Community Matron (CM) should be delivered to effectively enhance disease self-management and levels of self-efficacy for the service users. This qualitative participatory action research study explored the use of group work as a method of intervention by CMs. A purposive sample of 29 participants was recruited...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224221/-reaching-elderly-migrants-where-they-live-experiences-from-the-swiss-vicino-project
#20
S Johner-Kobi, M Gehrig
BACKGROUND: Community involvement through formal and informal networks is an important resource of support for elderly people with or without a migrant background, particularly as they get older. In the research and development project "Vicino - reaching elderly migrants where they live" the factors for success and failure in the cooperation between public institutions (organizations which do not focus on a specific group of migrants but are accessible for everybody) and migrant organizations were identified by means of three participatory interventions...
February 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
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