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fallopian tube

Betül Emine Derinkuyu, Mohammad Reza Affrancheh, Didem Sönmez, Meltem Bingöl Koloğlu, Suat Fitoz
BACKGROUND: The canal of Nuck is a fold of peritoneum that invaginates into the inguinal canal and closes at or just before birth. If the canal of Nuck remains open in female infants, herniation of the uterus, adnexa and/or bowel loops may arise through the inguinal canal into the labia majora. CASE REPORT: The present case is a 12-week-old female infant with complaints of left groin swelling and discomfort. Ultrasonographic examination revealed a left inguinal hernia containing both adnexa (ovaries and fallopian tubes), uterus and small bowel loops with fluid...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Saynur Yilmaz, Funda Akpinar, Berna Dilbaz, Runa Ozelci, Sadiman Kiykac Altinbas, Leyla Mollamahmutoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Joo Hyun Park, SiHyun Cho, Young Sik Choi, Seok Kyo Seo, Byung Seok Lee
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether robotic tubal reanastomosis after segmental resection of tubal pregnancy is a feasible means of preserving tubal integrity and natural fertility in those with compromised contralateral tubal condition.The study was performed at a university medical center in a retrospective manner where da Vinci robotic system-guided segmental resection of tubal ectopic mass followed by reanastomosis was performed to salvage tubal patency and fertility in those with a single viable fallopian tube...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hao Chen, Robert Klein, Stacy Arnold, Setsuko Chambers, Wenxin Zheng
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence suggests the fallopian tube as the origin for ovarian high grade serous carcinoma (HGSC). We attempted to identify the tubal cytological features that allow us to distinguish malignant from benign conditions. METHODS: Tubal specimens (n = 56) were collected from patients who underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) due to various clinical indications. A standard procedure to collect fallopian tube brushings from freshly received surgical specimens was developed...
2016: Cancer Cell International
Fu Mei, Xu Kehui, Xu Wenming
Dicer, an RNAse III endonuclease, is critical for the biogenesis of small noncoding RNAs (microRNAs), including the biogenesis of microRNAs and small interfering RNAs, which transcriptionally and post-transcription ally regulate mRNA expression through binding to target mRNA and leading to subsequent mRNA degradation. Recent studies show that Dicer plays important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. It has been attracted more and more attention in the reproductive field. In the male reproduction field, mouse model shows that Dicer is critical for the development of spermatogenic cell, sperm maturation, sperm motility and morphology...
July 20, 2016: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
Daniela Luvero, Francesco Plotti, Stella Capriglione, Andrea Miranda, Salvatore Lopez, Giuseppe Scaletta, Arianna Dell'anna, Roberto Angioli
OBJECTIVE: It's reported two cases with evidence of unilateral adnexal absence and ectopic ovarian hypoplasia with fallopian tube absence. A review of literature and discussion about the causes of these malformations is presented. STUDY DESIGN: We searched in English language medical reports published between 1973 and 2014 on MEDLINE. We used key words including ovarian agenesis, ovarian hypoplasia, undescended ovary and fallopian tube abnormalities. RESULTS: 5 studies were included on unilateral maldescent ovary without uterine anomalies and 23 reports of unilateral absence of one ovary with or without the absence of the fallopian tube...
October 11, 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
Neha Mittal, Radhika Srinivasan, Nalini Gupta, Arvind Rajwanshi, Raje Nijhawan, Upasana Gautam, Swati Sood, Lakhbir Dhaliwal
CONTEXT: High-grade serous carcinomas of ovarian, tubal, and peritoneal origin are together referred as pelvic serous carcinoma. The fallopian tubes, ovarian surface epithelium, and the tuboperitoneal junctional epithelium are all implicated in pelvic serous carcinogenesis. AIMS: The aim of this study is to identify putative precursor lesions of serous carcinoma including secretory cell outgrowths (SCOUTs), serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC), and p53 signatures and assign its probable site of origin...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Shinji Yamamoto, Maria Nelander
INTRODUCTION: We present a case report of ectopic pregnancy (EP) after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SKPTx). PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 33-year-old female status post SKPTx suddenly got abdominal pain in the lower level. She had high human chorionic Gonadotropin test. Ultrasonography revealed that there was no fetus in the uterus but a dilated right fallopian tube, which strongly suggested ectopic pregnancy. An emergency operation was performed and a dilated right side uterine tube was found with adhesions to her transplant...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Junko Nio-Kobayashi, Hazirah B Z Abidin, Jeremy K Brown, Toshihiko Iwanaga, Andrew W Horne, W Colin Duncan
Sialylation creates a negative charge on the cell surface that can interfere with blastocyst implantation. For example, α2,6-sialylation on terminal galactose, catalyzed by the sialyltransferase ST6GAL1, inhibits the binding of galectin-1, a β-galactoside-binding lectin. We recently reported the potential involvement of galectin-1 and -3 in the pathogenesis of tubal ectopic pregnancy; however, the precise role of galectins and their ligand glycoconjugates remain unclear. Here, we investigated the expression of the genes encoding α2,3- and α2,6-galactoside sialyltransferases (ST3GAL1 - 6 and ST6GAL1 - 2) and the localization of sialic acids in the Fallopian tube of women with or without ectopic implantation...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Raghu S Ramareddy, Anand Alladi
AIM: To report a series of scrotal abscess, a rare problem, their etiology, and management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of children who presented with scrotal abscess between January 2010 and March 2015, analyzed with respect to clinical features, pathophysiology of spread and management. RESULTS: Eight infants and a 3-year-old phenotypically male child presented with scrotal abscess as a result of abdominal pathologies which included mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) [1]; three anorectal malformations with ectopic ureter [1], urethral stricture [1], and neurogenic bladder [1]; meconium peritonitis with meconium periorchitis [2], ileal atresia [1], and intra-abdominal abscess [1]; posturethroplasty for Y urethral duplication with metal stenosis [1] and idiopathic pyocele [1]...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Miroslav Sekulic, Simona Pichler Sekulic, Saeid Movahedi-Lankarani
Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm is a neoplasm typically of appendiceal origin, which is characterized by diffuse peritoneal involvement by pools of mucin with mucinous epithelium lacking high-grade cytologic atypia, and clinically presents as suspected peritoneal carcinomatosis. A similar clinical presentation can sometimes be seen with disseminated low-grade serous carcinomas of the peritoneum, fallopian tubes, or ovaries; however, this neoplasm is histologically characterized by tubal-type epithelium and invasive or confluent growth...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Andrea Flesken-Nikitin, Blaine A Harlan, Alexander Yu Nikitin
Orthotopic transplantation assays in mice are invaluable for studies of cell regeneration and neoplastic transformation. Common approaches for orthotopic transplantation of ovarian surface and tubal epithelia include intraperitoneal and intrabursal administration of cells. The respective limitations of these methods include poorly defined location of injected cells and limited space volume. Furthermore, they are poorly suited for long-term structural preservation of transplanted organs. To address these challenges, we have developed an alternative approach, which is based on the introduction of cells and tissue fragments into the mouse fat pad...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
E B Simioni, F D Diniz, G F Cintra, C E Andrade, R D Reis, M A Vieira, M V Gurgel, A T Tsunoda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Jennifer Ottino, Robert Ricca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Surgeon
José Morales-Roselló, Loida Pamplona-Bueno, Beatriz Montero-Balaguer, Domingo Desantes-Real, Alfredo Perales-Marín
Cystic endosalpingiosis refers to the existence of heterotopic cystic müllerian tissue resembling structures of the fallopian tubes. We report a case of florid cystic endosalpingiosis discovered in a pregnant woman during a scheduled cesarean section and review the current knowledge of this disease. A 30-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy attended the hospital day unit at term. The first twin was in a breech presentation and a cesarean section was scheduled. During the procedure the uterine fundus and part of the body were seen completely seeded with multitude of cyst-like structures resembling hydatids of Morgagni...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
George Au-Yeung, Franziska Lang, Walid J Azar, Chris Mitchell, Kate E Jarman, Kurt Lackovic, Diar Aziz, Carleen Cullinane, Richard B Pearson, Linda Mileshkin, Danny Rischin, Alison M Karst, Ronny Drapkin, Dariush Etemadmoghadam, David D L Bowtell
PURPOSE: Cyclin E1 (CCNE1) amplification is associated with primary treatment resistance and poor outcome in high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC). Here, we explore approaches to target CCNE1 amplified cancers and potential strategies to overcome resistance to targeted agents. EXPERIMENT DESIGN: To examine dependency on CDK2 in CCNE1 amplified HGSC, we utilised siRNA and conditional shRNA gene suppression, and chemical inhibition using dinaciclib, a small molecule CDK2 inhibitor...
September 23, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Abigail Wheal, Robert Jenkins, Yoshiki Mikami, Nagindra Das, Lynn Hirschowitz
Primary mucinous carcinoma of the fallopian tube is extremely rare. We report the detailed characterization of a mucinous carcinoma arising in the fimbrial end of the fallopian tube in a 74-yr-old woman. The patient presented with recurrent urinary tract infection and urinary tract obstruction secondary to a large right ovarian mass. She had an appendicectomy as an 11 yr old. Serum CA-125 was raised at 239 U/mL. Computed tomographic scans showed bilateral, cystic ovarian tumors but no other intra-abdominal abnormality...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Thomas Vinotha, Thomas Anitha, Sebastian Ajit, Chandy Rachel, Peedicayil Abraham
INTRODUCTION: Patients referred with inadequately staged ovarian malignancies present a clinical dilemma. We report our experience with completion surgery in ovarian cancer. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the benefits and risks of completion surgery in women with ovarian cancer who presented after having had inadequate primary surgery. METHODS: A retrospective case series of 30 women with ovarian cancer and one with fallopian tube cancer who had inadequate primary surgery underwent completion surgery at gynaecologic oncology unit in a tertiary level hospital in Tamil Nadu, India...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Alexi A Wright, Kari Bohlke, Deborah K Armstrong, Michael A Bookman, William A Cliby, Robert L Coleman, Don S Dizon, Joseph J Kash, Larissa A Meyer, Kathleen N Moore, Alexander B Olawaiye, Jessica Oldham, Ritu Salani, Dee Sparacio, William P Tew, Ignace Vergote, Mitchell I Edelson
PURPOSE: To provide guidance to clinicians regarding the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and interval cytoreduction among women with stage IIIC or IV epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: The Society of Gynecologic Oncology and the American Society of Clinical Oncology convened an Expert Panel and conducted a systematic review of the literature. RESULTS: Four phase III clinical trials form the primary evidence base for the recommendations. The published studies suggest that for selected women with stage IIIC or IV epithelial ovarian cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy and interval cytoreduction are non-inferior to primary cytoreduction and adjuvant chemotherapy with respect to overall and progression-free survival and are associated with less perioperative morbidity and mortality...
October 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Yasushi Yamada, Satoshi Ohira, Teruyuki Yamazaki, Tanri Shiozawa
Ectopic molar pregnancy is extremely rare, and preoperative diagnosis is difficult. Our literature search found only one report of molar pregnancy diagnosed preoperatively. Moreover, there is no English literature depicting magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of ectopic molar pregnancy. We report a case of ectopic molar pregnancy preoperatively diagnosed using MRI. A literature review of 31 cases of ectopic molar pregnancy demonstrated that lesions have been found in the fallopian tube (19 cases, 61%), ovary (5 cases, 16%), cornu (3 cases, 10%), peritoneum (2 cases, 6%), uterine cervix (1 case, 3%), and cesarean scar (1 case, 3%)...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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