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natural killer cell myeloma

Susan J Lee, Ivan Borrello
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic cancer derived from malignant plasma cells within the bone marrow. Unlike most solid tumors, which originate from epithelial cells, the myeloma tumor is a plasma cell derived from the lymphoid cell lineage originating from a post-germinal B-cell. As such, the MM plasma cell represents an integral component of the immune system in terms of both antibody production and antigen presentation, albeit not efficiently. This fundamental difference has significant implications when one considers the implications of immunotherapy...
2016: Cancer Treatment and Research
Hermann Einsele, Martin Schreder
Elotuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting the extracellular domain of signaling lymphocytic activation molecule F7 (SLAMF7) highly expressed in multiple myeloma cells. Upon binding to myeloma cells, elotuzumab exerts its cytotoxic effects through antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, the antibody-induced selective lysis of tumor cells by activated natural killer (NK) cells. Furthermore, elotuzumab has been shown to directly induce NK-cell activation by binding to SLAMF7 expressed on NK cells and to indirectly modulate T-cell function by promoting the secretion of cytokines from NK cells...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
Kristina Berg Lorvik, Clara Hammarstrom, Marte Fauskanger, Ole Audun Werner Haabeth, Michael Zangani, Guttorm Haraldsen, Bjarne Bogen, Alexandre Corthay
Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) trials to date have focused on transfer of autologous tumor-specific cytotoxic CD8+ T cells, however, the potential of CD4+ T helper (Th) cells for ACT is gaining interest. While encouraging results have been reported with interferon-γ (IFNγ)-producing Th1 cells, tumor-specific Th2 cells have been largely neglected for ACT due to their reported tumor-promoting properties. In this study, we tested the efficacy of idiotype-specific Th2 cells for the treatment of mice with Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class II-negative myeloma...
September 12, 2016: Cancer Research
Nina Worel, Gerhard Fritsch, Hermine Agis, Alexandra Böhm, Georg Engelich, Gerda C Leitner, Klaus Geissler, Karoline Gleixner, Peter Kalhs, Veronika Buxhofer-Ausch, Felix Keil, Gerhard Kopetzky, Viktor Mayr, Werner Rabitsch, Regina Reisner, Konrad Rosskopf, Reinhard Ruckser, Claudia Zoghlami, Niklas Zojer, Hildegard T Greinix
Plerixafor in combination with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is approved for autologous stem cell mobilization in poor mobilizing patients with multiple myeloma or malignant lymphoma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of plerixafor in an immediate rescue approach, administrated subsequently to G-CSF alone or chemotherapy and G-CSF in patients at risk for mobilization failure. Eighty-five patients mobilized with G-CSF alone or chemotherapy were included. Primary endpoint was the efficacy of the immediate rescue approach of plerixafor to achieve ≥2...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
Mary Poupot, Cédric-Olivier Turrin, Anne-Marie Caminade, Jean-Jacques Fournié, Michel Attal, Rémy Poupot, Séverine Fruchon
Human natural killer (NK) cells play a key role in anti-cancer and anti-viral immunity, but their selective amplification in vitro is extremely tedious to achieve and remains one of the most challenging problems to solve for efficient NK cell-based immuno-therapeutic treatments against malignant diseases. Here we report that, when added to ex vivo culture of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy volunteers or from cancer patients with multiple myeloma, poly (phosphorhydrazone) dendrimers capped with amino-bis(methylene phosphonate) end groups enable the efficient proliferation of NK cells with anti-cancer cytotoxicity in vivo...
August 3, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Mili Arora, Sonia Gowda, Joseph Tuscano
Lenalidomide, an immunomodulatory drug that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma, 5q- myelodysplasia and mantle-cell lymphoma (MCL), has encouraging efficacy in other B-cell malignancies. Its unique mechanism of action is in part due to altering the tumor microenvironment and potentiating the activity of T and natural-killer (NK) cells. Impressive clinical activity and excellent tolerability allows broad applicability. Lenalidomide has been used in a wide range of B-cell malignancies for years, but in 2013, the FDA marked its approval as a single agent only in relapsed/refractory mantle-cell lymphoma...
August 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
Hila Magen, Eli Muchtar
Elotuzumab is a monoclonal antibody directed against the SLAMF7 receptor, expressed on normal and malignant plasma cells with a lower expression on other lymphoid cells such as natural killer (NK) cells. Elotuzumab has no significant antimyeloma activity when given as a single agent to patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). However, when combined with other antimyeloma agents, it results in improved response and outcome. Owing to the results from the landmark ELOQUENT-2 phase III clinical trial, which compared lenalidomide and dexamethasone with or without elotuzumab in patients with RRMM, elotuzumab in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone was approved by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in November 2015 for multiple myeloma (MM) patients who received one to three prior lines of therapy...
August 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
Martin Felices, Jeffrey S Miller
Findings within the current issue indicate that treatment with IPH2101 when used as monotherapy in smoldering multiple myeloma, meant to enhance natural killer cell function through inhibitory KIR blockade, results in a surprising reduction of NK cell function mediated through monocyte trogocytosis. The significance of these findings is discussed.
July 18, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Chidimma A Nwangwu, Hans Weiher, Ingo G H Schmidt-Wolf
Multiple myeloma, which is a monoclonal plasma cell malignancy, still remains incurable despite recent progress in our understanding of this disorder. Adoptive immunotherapy of multiple myeloma using cytokine-induced killer cells is yielding promising results in clinical trials; however, some myeloma cells still evade immune surveillance by various unknown molecular mechanisms. This study aims at increasing the efficacy of cytokine-induced killer cells in targeting this tumor, using selective small-molecule inhibitors which increase and stabilize surface expression of the natural killer group 2, member D ligand, major histocompatibility complex class I polypeptide-related sequence A (MICA) on myeloma cells...
July 19, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Yucai Wang, Larysa Sanchez, David S Siegel, Michael L Wang
Elotuzumab is one of the first two monoclonal antibodies that gained FDA approval for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). It targets SLAMF7, which is highly expressed in normal plasma and MM cells as well as natural killer (NK) cells. Elotuzumab demonstrated significant anti-myeloma activity in preclinical studies, and its mechanisms of action include mediating antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, enhancing cytotoxicity of NK cells, and inhibiting MM cell interaction with bone marrow stromal cells...
2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Deborah Frenkel, Fengqiu Zhang, Patrick Guirnalda, Carole Haynes, Viki Bockstal, Magdalena Radwanska, Stefan Magez, Samuel J Black
After infection with T. brucei AnTat 1.1, C57BL/6 mice lost splenic B2 B cells and lymphoid follicles, developed poor parasite-specific antibody responses, lost weight, became anemic and died with fulminating parasitemia within 35 days. In contrast, infected C57BL/6 mice lacking the cytotoxic granule pore-forming protein perforin (Prf1-/-) retained splenic B2 B cells and lymphoid follicles, developed high-titer antibody responses against many trypanosome polypeptides, rapidly suppressed parasitemia and did not develop anemia or lose weight for at least 60 days...
July 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Yanan Guo, Xiaoli Feng, Yang Jiang, Xiaoyun Shi, Xiangling Xing, Xiaoli Liu, Nailin Li, Bengt Fadeel, Chengyun Zheng
Aiming for an adoptive natural killer (NK) cell therapy, we have developed a novel protocol to expand NK cells from peripheral blood. With this protocol using anti-human CD16 antibody and interleukin (IL)-2, NK (CD3-CD56+) cells could be expanded about 4000-fold with over 70% purity during a 21-day culture. The expanded NK (exNK) cells were shown to be highly cytotoxic to multiple myeloma (MM) cells (RPMI8226) at low NK-target cell ratios. Furthermore, NK cells expanded in the presence of a blocking antibody (exNK+PD1-blockage) against programmed cell death protein-1 (PD1), a key counteracting molecule for NK and T cell activity, demonstrated more potent cytolytic activity against the RPMI8226 than the exNK cells without PD1 blocking...
June 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Sung-Eun Lee, Ji-Young Lim, Da-Bin Ryu, Tae Woo Kim, Jae-Ho Yoon, Byung-Sik Cho, Ki-Seong Eom, Yoo-Jin Kim, Hee-Je Kim, Seok Lee, Seok-Goo Cho, Dong-Wook Kim, Jong-Wook Lee, Woo-Sung Min, Myungshin Kim, Chang-Ki Min
Although the antimyeloma effect of lenalidomide is associated with activation of the immune system, the exact in vivo immunomodulatory mechanisms of lenalidomide combined with low-dose dexamethasone (Len-dex) in refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma (RRMM) patients remain unclear. In this study, we analyzed the association between immune cell populations and clinical outcomes in patients receiving Len-dex for the treatment of RRMM. Peripheral blood samples from 90 RRMM patients were taken on day 1 of cycles 1 (baseline), 2, 3, and 4 of Len-dex therapy...
August 2016: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
María V Martínez-Sánchez, Adela Periago, Isabel Legaz, Lourdes Gimeno, Anna Mrowiec, Natividad R Montes-Barqueros, José A Campillo, José M Bolarin, María V Bernardo, María R López-Álvarez, Consuelo González, María C García-Garay, Manuel Muro, Valentin Cabañas-Perianes, Jose L Fuster, Ana M García-Alonso, José M Moraleda, María R Álvarez-Lopez, Alfredo Minguela
Missing self recognition makes cancer sensitive to natural killer cell (NKc) reactivity. However, this model disregards the NKc licensing effect, which highly increases NKc reactivity through interactions of inhibitory killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (iKIR) with their cognate HLA-I ligands. The influence of iKIR/HLA-ligand (HLA-C1/C2) licensing interactions on the susceptibility to and progression of plasma cell (PC) dyscrasias was evaluated in 164 Caucasian patients and 286 controls. Compared to controls, myeloma accumulates KIR2DL1(-)L2(+)L3(-) genotypes (2...
April 2016: Oncoimmunology
Jennifer Postelnek, Robert J Neely, Michael D Robbins, Carol R Gleason, Jon E Peterson, Steven P Piccoli
Elotuzumab is a first in class humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). Elotuzumab targets the glycoprotein signaling lymphocyte activation molecule family 7 (SLAMF7, also described as CS1 or CRACC) which is expressed on the surface of myeloma cells and a subset of immune cells, including natural killer cells. A soluble version of SLAMF7 (sSLAMF7) has also been reported in MM patients but has not been evaluated as a potential biomarker following therapeutic intervention...
July 2016: AAPS Journal
Gordana Konjević, Ana Vuletić, Katarina Mirjačić Martinović, Nataša Colović, Milica Čolović, Vladimir Jurišić
AIM: As innate immune cells natural killer (NK), NK-like T and CTLγδ are important in antitumour response in multiple myeloma (MM), the aim of this study was to investigate some functional and phenotypical characteristics of these cells in MM. METHODS: 29 patients with MM prior to therapy, in clinical stage I-III and 15 healthy controls (HCs) were investigated. Percent of immune cells in peripheral blood, NK cell activity, expression of activating (CD161) and inhibitory (CD158a, CD158b) NK cell receptors on CD3(-)CD16(+) NK cells were evaluated using 51-chromium-release assay and by flow cytometry...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Michitoshi Hashiguchi, Takashi Okamura, Kei Nomura, Takayuki Nakamura, Kuniki Kawaguchi, Satoko Koteda, Satoshi Morishige, Eijirou Oku, Yuka Takata, Ritsuko Seki, Fumihiko Mouri, Koichi Osaki, Kohji Yoshimoto, Yutaka Imamura, Koji Nagafuji
A 72-year-old Japanese male was diagnosed as having monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and was followed up without therapy. Three years later, the patient progressed to symptomatic multiple myeloma. Melphalan + prednisolone was administered as first-line chemotherapy for ~6 years. Since the patient was judged to exhibit refractory multiple myeloma, he subsequently received radiation therapy on the lumbar spine. The patient was enrolled in a clinical trial and received lenalidomide + lowdose dexamethasone (Rd) therapy...
April 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jaakko Valtola, Raija Silvennoinen, Antti Ropponen, Timo Siitonen, Marjaana Säily, Marja Sankelo, Venla Terävä, Mervi Putkonen, Taru Kuittinen, Jukka Pelkonen, Pentti Mäntymaa, Kari Remes, Ville Varmavuo, Esa Jantunen
BACKGROUND: Autologous stem cell transplantation is a standard treatment in multiple myeloma (MM). Blood grafts are usually collected after mobilization with granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) alone or in a combination with cyclophosphamide (CY). There is limited knowledge of the possible effects of different mobilization regimens on blood graft characteristics and posttransplant outcomes. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with MM were included in this study...
April 4, 2016: Transfusion
Peter S Kim, Anna R Kwilas, Wenxin Xu, Sarah Alter, Emily K Jeng, Hing C Wong, Jeffrey Schlom, James W Hodge
Interleukin (IL)-15-N72D superagonist-complexed with IL-15RαSushi-Fc fusion protein (IL-15SA/IL-15RαSu-Fc; ALT-803) has been reported to exhibit significant anti-tumor activity in murine myeloma, rat bladder cancer, and murine glioblastoma models. In this study, we examined the immunomodulatory and anti-tumor effects of IL-15SA/IL-15RαSu-Fc in tumor-free and highly metastatic tumor-bearing mice. Here, IL-15SA/IL-15RαSu-Fc significantly expanded natural killer (NK) and CD8+ T cells. In examining NK cell subsets, the greatest significant increase was in highly cytotoxic and migrating (CD11b+, CD27hi; high effector) NK cells, leading to enhanced function on a per-cell basis...
March 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Mérédis Favreau, Karin Vanderkerken, Dirk Elewaut, Koen Venken, Eline Menu
Natural killer T (NKT) cells constitute a unique subset of innate-like T lymphocytes which differ from conventional T cells by recognizing lipid antigens presented by the non-polymorphic major histocompatibility complex (MHC) I-like molecule CD1d. Despite being a relatively infrequent population of lymphocytes, NKT cells can respond rapidly upon activation with glycosphingolipids by production of cytokines which aim to polarize different axes of the immune system. Due to their dual effector capacities, NKT cells can play a vital role in cancer immunity, infection, inflammation and autoimmune diseases...
April 26, 2016: Oncotarget
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