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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631682/-the-combined-treatment-of-dysphonia-in-the-subjects-engaged-in-the-voice-and-speech-professions
#1
Yu E Stepanova, T V Gotovyakhina, A A Korneenkov, E E Koren'
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of homeovox for the combined treatment of small vocal cord nodules and acute laryngitis in the professional voice users. A total of 40 subjects presenting with dysphonia were examined after they were divided into two study groups and two groups of comparison depending on the nosological form of the pathological condition. The subjects comprising the study groups were given traditional therapy in the combination with the intake of homeovox whereas the patients included in the two groups of comparison received the traditional treatment alone...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614457/immediate-effects-of-tongue-trills-associated-with-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens
#2
Eliana Maria Gradim Fabron, Andressa Schweitzer Petrini, Vanessa de Moraes Cardoso, João Carlos Torgal Batista, Suely Mayumi Motonaga, Viviane Cristina de Castro Marino
Purpose: To investigate vocal quality variability after applying tongue trills associated with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on the larynx of women with normal laryngeal function. Additionally, to verify the effect of this technique over time on voice quality. Methods: Participants were 40 women (average 23.4 years) without vocal complaints. The procedure involved tongue trills with or without TENS for 3 minutes, rest and repeating the technique for another 2 minutes...
June 8, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607898/a-study-of-clinicopathological-profile-of-patients-of-hoarseness-of-voice-presenting-to-tertiary-care-hospital
#3
Smita Soni, Sanchay Chouksey
Hoarseness is subjective term used to describe abnormal voice quality which may occur due to many causes because it is just a symptom. Proper knowledge and clinicopathological profile is important to treat the underlying pathology. This prospective study was carried out in 100 patients presented in Department of ENT, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal from April 2013 to September 2014 with complaint of hoarseness of voice for more than 15 days. Objective of this study is to study incidence, duration and sex predilection for hoarseness of voice...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607897/a-comparative-study-of-pharyngeal-repair-in-two-layers-versus-three-layers-following-total-laryngectomy-in-carcinoma-of-larynx
#4
Asok K Saha, Saikat Samaddar, Avijit Choudhury, Abir Chaudhury, Nirmalya Roy
Larynx is the second most common site for cancer in the upper aerodigestive tract. One of the dreaded complications following total laryngectomy has been pharyngo cutaneous fistula (PCF). PCF merits special attention due to its significant negative impact on the recovery process. Total laryngectomy profoundly alters speech. Effective voice restoration is essential for the rehabilitation of these patients. Inadequate consensus exists as to the best technique of pharyngeal repair to decrease incidence of PCF and ensure good quality voice following total laryngectomy...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605818/-phonomicrosurgery-a-retrospective-analysis-of-400-cases
#5
Rudolf Reiter, Thomas Hoffmann
Introduction Voice disorders caused by pseudotumors of the vocal folds or paralysis of the vocal folds with incomplete glottis closure frequently require phonomicrosurgery. These interventions were analyzed with regard to quality of voice after surgery and safety of the intervention. Methods Retrospective analysis of 400 consecutive phonomicrosurgery interventions. The following parameters were collected: distribution of pathologies of the vocal folds, rating of the voice quality by both the surgeon (RBH-system) and patient and videolaryngstroboscopy six weeks after the intervention compared to the state prior to surgery, complications and results of histological examination...
June 12, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583268/voice-disorders-in-residual-paracoccidioidomycosis-in-upper-airways-and-digestive-tract
#6
Ananda Dutra da Costa, Amanda Pereira Vargas, Marcia Mendonça Lucena, Ana Cristina Nunes Ruas, Fernanda da Silva Santos Braga, Mateus Pereira Bom-Braga, Frederico Pereira Bom-Braga, Antonio Carlos Francesconi do Valle, Ricardo Pereira Igreja, Cláudia Maria Valete-Rosalino
BACKGROUND: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis of acute and chronic evolution, caused by species belonging to the genus Paracoccidioides. It is considered the most prevalent systemic endemic mycosis in Latin America, with cases in the tropical and subtropical regions. Residual PCM refers to the fibrotic scar sequelae resulting from the disease treatment which, when associated with collagen accumulation, leads to functional and anatomic alterations in the organs. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the vocal function of patients with residual PCM in upper airways and digestive tract...
June 2, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555273/effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-on-vocal-folds-adduction
#7
Sadegh Seifpanahi, Farzad Izadi, Ali-Ashraf Jamshidi, Nasrin Shirmohammadi
According to most previous studies, inducing movements in internal laryngeal muscles by transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) was impossible. However, the movements have been reported after using needle electrodes inserted into the internal superior laryngeal nerve (ISLN). Herein, we aimed to apply an innovative TES protocol to cause movements in vocal folds. A short duration and high frequency electrical current was applied by two surface electrodes just above the entrance of ISLN to larynx. The subjects were 32 normal participants (mean age = 23...
May 29, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533075/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-and-laryngeal-manual-therapy-lmt-immediate-effects-in-women-with-dysphonia
#8
Mariana de Cásisa Macedo Conde, Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, José Eduardo Vendramini, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: This study aimed to verify the immediate effect of low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and laryngeal manual therapy (LMT) in musculoskeletal pain, voice quality, and self-reported signs in women with dysphonia. METHOD: Thirty women with behavioral dysphonia were randomly divided into the TENS group and the LMT group. All participants fulfilled the pain survey and had their voices recorded to posterior perceptual and acoustic analysis before and after intervention...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527540/whispering-by-individuals-using-tracheoesophageal-speech
#9
Jeff Searl
OBJECTIVES: This study compared whispering attempts by adults using tracheoesophageal (TE) speech with those by adults with a larynx. Comparisons were based on listener judgments, visual-perceptual assessment of spectrograms, and measures of the acoustic signal. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Seventeen TE and 10 laryngeal speakers produced sentences in a whisper and in their spoken voice. Listeners judged sentences as whispered or spoken...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463895/first-complex-allotransplantation-of-neck-organs-larynx-trachea-pharynx-esophagus-thyroid-parathyroid-glands-and-anterior-cervical-wall-a-case-report
#10
Maciej Grajek, Adam Maciejewski, Sebastian Giebel, Łukasz Krakowczyk, Rafał Ulczok, Cezary Szymczyk, Janusz Wierzgon, Ryszard Szumniak, Miroslaw Dobrut, Krzysztof Oleś, Piotr Drozdowski, Dominik Walczak, Sylwia Szpak-Ulczok, Stanislaw Poltorak
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the possibility of performing a complex vascular allotransplant of all neck organs including skin. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: There are 2 previous attempts described in the literature, none of them being that complex. The first one is nonfunctional due to chronic rejection, the second one is viable yet considerably limited in complexity (no parathyroids, no skin). METHODS: The allotransplantation was performed simultaneously on 2 adjacent operating rooms, using microsurgical techniques...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427542/recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-state-of-the-art-review
#11
REVIEW
Helena Ribeiro Fortes, Felipe Mussi von Ranke, Dante Luiz Escuissato, Cesar Augusto Araujo Neto, Gláucia Zanetti, Bruno Hochhegger, Carolina Althoff Souza, Edson Marchiori
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a benign disease of the upper aero-digestive tract caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which affects children and young adults. The aim of this review is to describe the main etiological, epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and treatment aspects of RRP. Most infections in children occur at birth, during passage through the birth canals of contaminated mothers. In adults, HPV is transmitted sexually. Papillomas usually appear as exophytic nodules, primarily in the larynx, but occasionally involving the nasopharynx, tracheobronchial tree, and pulmonary parenchyma...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421833/a-multidimensional-study-of-vocal-function-following-radiation-therapy-for-laryngeal-cancers
#12
Vrushali Angadi, Emily Dressler, Joseph Stemple
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy (XRT) has proven to be an effective curative modality in the treatment of laryngeal cancers. However, XRT also has deleterious effects on vocal function. AIM: To demonstrate the multidimensional nature of deficits in vocal function as a result of radiation therapy for laryngeal cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODOLOGY: Vocal function parameters were chosen from the 5 domains of voice assessment to complete a multidimensional assessment battery...
June 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392085/voice-handicap-index-and-interpretation-of-the-cutoff-points-using-receiver-operating-characteristic-curve-as-screening-for-young-adult-female-smokers
#13
Dionysios Tafiadis, Evangelia I Kosma, Spyridon K Chronopoulos, Aggelos Papadopoulos, Konstantinos Drosos, Vassiliki Siafaka, Eugenia I Toki, Nausica Ziavra
The relationship between smoking and alterations of the vocal tract and larynx is well known. This pathology leads to the degradation of voice performance in daily living. Multiple assessment methods of vocal tract and larynx have been developed, and in recent years they were enriched with self-reported questionnaires such as Voice Handicap Index (VHI). This study determined the cutoff points of VHI's total score and its three domains for young female smokers in Greece. These estimated cutoff points could be used by voice specialists as an indicator for further clinical evaluation (foreseeing a potential risk of developing a vocal symptom because of smoking habits)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390806/the-vagal-nerve-stimulation-outcome-and-laryngeal-effect-otolaryngologists-roles-and-perspective
#14
Ahmad I Al Omari, Firas Q Alzoubi, Mohammad M Alsalem, Samah K Aburahma, Diala T Mardini, Paul F Castellanos
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurologic disorders. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), first investigated in 1938 and subsequently studied as a potential therapy for epilepsy. The FDA approved the use of VNS in 1997 as an adjunctive non-pharmacologic symptomatic treatment option for refractory epilepsy for adults and adolescents over 12years. VNS can cause laryngeal and voice side effects that can be managed by otolaryngologists safely and effectively. OBJECTIVES: This study is to review the outcomes of vagal nerve stimulator (VNS) implantation in terms of the surgical procedures, complications, seizure frequency, and the clinical effect on larynx and vocal folds motion...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376853/a-large-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-larynx-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Andrew Arndt, Rachelle LeBlanc, Peter Spafford
BACKGROUND: Giant cell tumors (GCTs) are typically found in the metaphyseal-epiphyseal area of long bones but can also occur in the head and neck region. GCT of the larynx is a rare entity with only 42 reported cases in the international literature. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge this is the largest laryngeal GCT reported in the literature to date. GCT of the larynx can present with dysphonia, dyspnea, and/or dysphagia and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a neck mass...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367361/transoral-laser-microsurgery-in-early-glottic-lesions
#16
REVIEW
E V Sjögren
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To give an overview of the evolvement of transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) in the treatment of early glottic carcinoma and highlight the contribution of recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: The indications and limits of TLM have been well specified. Effects on swallowing have been well documented. Introduction of narrow-band imaging (NBI) and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance has been shown of additional value for outcome. The first reports on transoral robotic surgery show that it may be of added value in the future...
2017: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345678/laryngeal-manual-therapy-palpatory-evaluation-scale-a-preliminary-study-to-examine-its-usefulness-in-diagnosis-of-occupational-dysphonia
#17
Ewelina Woźnicka, Ewa Niebudek-Bogusz, Joanna Morawska, Justyna Wiktorowicz, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study has been to assess the larynx and soft tissue around the vocal tract in a group of people with healthy voice, and in a group of patients with occupational dysphonia using the new laryngeal manual therapy palpatory evaluation scale (LMTPE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The examinations were performed in a study (dysphonic) group of professional voice users who had developed voice disorders (N = 51) and in the control group of normophonic subjects (N = 50)...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333906/-phonosurgery-treatment-options-in-male-to-female-and-female-to-male-transsexuals
#18
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Greta Berger, Vitaly Gryniewicz, Eugeniusz Tarasów
The voice is an important part of human identity. The voice is susceptible to impact of hormons mainly sexual hormons. The larynx is one of secondary sex characacteristics. Disorders of voice pose serious obstacle to full social integration in male to female and female to male transsexuals. The causes of transsexuality are still a matter of considerable debate. Now it is considered that, big nucleus suprachiasmaticus in the hypothalamus may be a cause of transsexuality. The aim of phonosurgery in transsexual patients is to gain acceptable voice by the patients...
March 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320626/relationship-between-laryngeal-electromyography-and-video-laryngostroboscopy-in-vocal-fold-paralysis
#19
Joel A Maamary, Ian Cole, Paul Darveniza, Cecilia Pemberton, Helen Mary Brake, Stephen Tisch
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to better define the relationship of laryngeal electromyography and video laryngostroboscopy in the diagnosis of vocal fold paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective diagnostic cohort study with cross-sectional data analysis METHODS: Data were obtained from 57 patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis who attended a large tertiary voice referral center. Electromyographic findings were classified according to recurrent laryngeal nerve, superior laryngeal nerve, and high vagal/combined lesions...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301066/effect-of-daily-fraction-size-on-laryngoesophageal-dysfunction-after-chemoradiation-for-squamous-cell-carcinomas-of-the-larynx-and-hypopharynx
#20
Allen M Chen, Sophia Hsu, Jessica Meshman, Robert Chin, Philip Beron, Elliot Abemayor, Maie St John
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of fraction size on laryngoesophageal dysfunction among patients treated by chemoradiotherapy for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer. METHODS: Forty patients underwent chemoradiotherapy for stage III/IV squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx and hypopharynx. Median radiation dose was 70 Gy (range, 69.3-70.4 Gy) with daily fractionation ranging from 2 Gy to 2.2 Gy. RESULTS: When comparing 2 Gy versus >2 Gy daily fractionation, there was no difference in 2-year overall survival (71% vs 72%; p = ...
March 16, 2017: Head & Neck
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