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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098054/long-term-esophageal-motility-changes-after-thyroidectomy-associations-with-aerodigestive-disorders
#1
G Scerrino, A Inviati, S Di Giovanni, N C Paladino, S Di Giovanni, N C Paladino, V Di Paola, C Raspanti, G I Melfa, F Cupido, S Mazzola, C Porrello, S Bonventre, G Gullotta
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing thyroidectomy often complain aerodigestive disorders. In a previous study we showed the associations between voice impairment and proximal acid reflux, swallowing impairment and Upper Esophageal Sphyncter (UES) incoordination and the decrease in UES pressure in thirty-six patients observed before and soon afterwards uncomplicated thyroidectomy. This study investigated the state of post-thyroidectomy esophageal motility changes and its associations with these disorders after 18-24 months...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004504/association-between-24-hour-combined-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-ph-monitoring-and-symptoms-or-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#2
S I Kim, O E Kwon, S Y Na, Y C Lee, J M Park, Y G Eun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the parameters of 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII)-pH monitoring and the symptoms or quality of life (QoL) in laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) patients. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study without controls. SETTING: University teaching hospital. METHODS: Forty-five LPR patients were selected from subjects who underwent 24-hour MII-pH monitoring and were diagnosed with LPR from September 2014 to May 2015...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995544/transoral-robotic-resection-of-a-combined-laryngocele
#3
T J Gal, Brian Hixon, Paul Zhang
This case report describes the use of trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS) for the excision of a combined laryngocele. Mixed or combined laryngoceles extend from the supraglottic larynx through the thyrohyoid membrane into the neck. Surgical excision for these benign lesions often requires combined external (transcervical) and internal (transoral endoscopic) approaches which carry significant morbidity. We present the case of a 37-year-old male who was diagnosed with a large laryngopyocele and was subsequently managed with a transoral excision using the da Vinci Si surgical robot system...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993501/are-instructions-to-manipulate-specific-parameters-of-laryngeal-function-associated-with-auditory-perceptual-ratings-of-voice-quality-in-nondisordered-speakers
#4
Catherine J Madill, Christine Sheard, Robert Heard
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This preliminary study investigated whether auditory-perceptual judgments of voice quality by experienced speech language pathologists were associated with instructions given to speakers to manipulate specific laryngeal postures. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, within-subject design. METHODS: Nine speakers were instructed and trained to manipulate three vocal parameters implicated in functional voice disorders-false vocal fold constriction, vocal fold mass, and larynx height-while reading a standard passage...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989394/combined-functional-voice-therapy-in-singers-with-muscle-tension-dysphonia-in-singing
#5
Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Maria Sobol, Ewa Kazanecka, Anna Rzepakowska, Kazimierz Niemczyk
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate vocal tract function and the voice quality in singers with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) after undergoing combined functional voice therapy of the singing voice. DESIGN: This is a prospective, randomized study. METHODS: Forty singers (29 females and 11 males, mean age: 24.6 ± 8.8 years) with MTD were enrolled in the study. The study group consisted of 20 singers who underwent combined functional voice therapy (10-15 individual sessions, 30-40 minutes each)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988198/primary-total-laryngectomy-and-pharyngolaryngectomy-in-t4-pharyngolaryngeal-cancers-oncologic-and-functional-results-and-prognostic-factors
#6
M Roux, O Dassonville, M Ettaiche, E Chamorey, G Poissonnet, A Bozec
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess oncologic and functional outcome in primary total laryngectomy or pharyngolaryngectomy (TL/TL/TPL) for laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer with extra-laryngeal extension (T4) and to determine the predictive factors of these results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the computerized medical records of all patients undergoing primary TL/TPL for T4 larynx or hypopharynx squamous cell carcinoma between 2000 and 2014 at our institution...
December 14, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988066/laryngeal-mucosal-reaction-during-bronchial-histamine-challenge-test-visualized-by-videolaryngostroboscopy
#7
Maaria Ansaranta, Ahmed Geneid, Paula Kauppi, Leo Pekka Malmberg, Erkki Vilkman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To examine the changes in the larynx, as well as self-reported voice and throat symptoms, among patients undergoing a histamine challenge test. Thus, to understand the possible clinical effects of histamine on the larynx. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, open prospective study. METHODS: Thirty adult patients with prolonged cough and suspicion of bronchial asthma underwent a histamine challenge test. Videolaryngostroboscopy was performed immediately before and after the challenge...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943448/one-second-mri-of-a-three-dimensional-vocal-tract-to-measure-dynamic-articulator-modifications
#8
Michael Burdumy, Louisa Traser, Fabian Burk, Bernhard Richter, Matthias Echternach, Jan G Korvink, Jürgen Hennig, Maxim Zaitsev
PURPOSE: To enable three-dimensional (3D) vocal tract imaging of dynamic singing or speech tasks at voxel sizes of 1.6 × 1.6 × 1.3 mm(3) at 1.3 s per image. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Stack-of-Stars method was implemented and enhanced to allow for fast and efficient k-space sampling of the box-shaped vocal tract using a 3 Tesla MRI system. Images were reconstructed using an off-line image reconstruction using compressed sensing theory, leading to the abovementioned spatial and temporal resolutions...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931522/effectiveness-of-fibrin-coating-in-the-management-of-web-formation-after-laryngomicrosurgery
#9
REVIEW
K Adachi, T Umezaki
PURPOSE: To explore the effectiveness of fibrin coating in reducing web formation after endoscopic management of the anterior commissure of the larynx. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a spray device that is generally used for laparoscopic operations, we covered the wound with fibrin glue (Bolheal®) to avoid web formation. This technique was employed in cases wherein the anterior commissure was mainly managed by laser operation; the glue was sprayed after vaporization...
January 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898173/an-update-on-larynx-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Conor E Steuer, Mark El-Deiry, Jason R Parks, Kristin A Higgins, Nabil F Saba
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Laryngeal cancer remains one of the most common tumors of the respiratory tract. Fortunately, significant advancements have been made over the past decade in the treatment of laryngeal cancer. Although surgery has been the historical mainstay for localized disease and still is an integral part of treatment, nonsurgical options like radiation and systemic therapy have emerged as viable options. In addition, in the metastatic setting, novel agents are showing promise for this patient population...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876742/-on-the-problem-of-voice-rehabilitation-in-the-case-of-unilateral-vocal-fold-paresis
#11
V V Shilenkova
BACKGROUND: Unilateral vocal fold paresis (UVFP) significantly deteriorates the patient's quality of life. The leading role in the rehabilitation of the patients presenting with UVFP belongs to stimulation therapy which consists in the activation of muscle re-innervation of the larynx and the compensatory mechanisms allowing to achieve the most complete closure of the vocal folds during phonation. AIM: The objective of the present study was the optimization of the conservative treatment of patients with UVFP...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876268/vocal-changes-accompanying-the-descent-of-the-larynx-during-ontogeny-from-neonates-to-adults-in-male-and-female-goitred-gazelles-gazella-subgutturosa
#12
Ilya A Volodin, Kseniya O Efremova, Roland Frey, Natalia V Soldatova, Elena V Volodina
The pronouncedly enlarged and descended larynx in male goitred gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa), Mongolian gazelles (Procapra gutturosa) and fallow deer (Dama dama) represents an interesting parallel to the 'Adam's apple' of human males. Goitred gazelles, as humans, are not born with a descended larynx. Therefore the sexual dimorphism of larynx size and position develops during ontogeny. In this study, the vocal ontogeny of male and female goitred gazelles was investigated across five age classes from neonates to adults...
September 12, 2016: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808413/a-new-solution-for-neonatal-bilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-endoscopic-arytenoid-abduction-lateropexy
#13
Shahram Madani, Ádám Bach, Vera Matievics, Eszter Erdélyi, Balázs Sztanó, Ilona Szegesdi, Paul F Castellanos, László Rovó
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Bilateral vocal cord paralysis in early childhood is a life-threatening condition, which often requires immediate intervention. One of the treatment options is a quick, reversible simple suture vocal cord lateralizing technique, whereby the arytenoid cartilage is directly lateralized to the normal abducted position. Considering pediatric laryngeal anatomy, a small endolaryngeal thread guide instrument was designed for precise suture insertion. STUDY DESIGN: New instrument validation...
November 3, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743845/hierarchical-classification-and-system-combination-for-automatically-identifying-physiological-and-neuromuscular-laryngeal-pathologies
#14
Hugo Cordeiro, José Fonseca, Isabel Guimarães, Carlos Meneses
OBJECTIVES: Speech signal processing techniques have provided several contributions to pathologic voice identification, in which healthy and unhealthy voice samples are evaluated. A less common approach is to identify laryngeal pathologies, for which the use of a noninvasive method for pathologic voice identification is an important step forward for preliminary diagnosis. In this study, a hierarchical classifier and a combination of systems are used to improve the accuracy of a three-class identification system (healthy, physiological larynx pathologies, and neuromuscular larynx pathologies)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742492/accuracy-of-acoustic-analysis-measurements-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-different-laryngeal-diagnoses
#15
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Layssa Batista Simões, Jocélio Delfino da Silva, Deyverson da Silva Evangelista, Ana Celiane da Nóbrega E Ugulino, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Vinícius Jefferson Dias Vieira
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the accuracy of acoustic measures in discriminating between patients with different laryngeal diagnoses. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is descriptive, cross-sectional, and retrospective. METHODS: A total of 279 female patients participated in the research. Acoustic measures of the mean and standard deviation (SD) values of the fundamental frequency (F0), jitter, shimmer, and glottal to noise excitation (GNE) were extracted from the emission of the vowel /ε/...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734817/-high-speed-digital-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-voice-pathologies
#16
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Diana Moskal, Dawid Falkowski, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Anna Kraszewska, Małgorzata Skorupa, Jacek Kita, Anna Kuryliszyn-Moskal
: Technique of high-speed digital imaging (HSDI) is unique technique, allowing for assessment of real vocal fold vibrations. AIM: The aim of the study is to present the usefulness of HSDI in the diagnosis of clinical type of dysphonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group was diagnosed at the Department of Clinical Phonoaudiology and Logopedics at the Medical University of Białystok and treated at the Phoniatric Clinic in years 2012-2015...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730065/voice-and-endocrinology
#17
REVIEW
K V S Hari Kumar, Anurag Garg, N S Ajai Chandra, S P Singh, Rakesh Datta
Voice is one of the advanced features of natural evolution that differentiates human beings from other primates. The human voice is capable of conveying the thoughts into spoken words along with a subtle emotion to the tone. This extraordinary character of the voice in expressing multiple emotions is the gift of God to the human beings and helps in effective interpersonal communication. Voice generation involves close interaction between cerebral signals and the peripheral apparatus consisting of the larynx, vocal cords, and trachea...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701887/a-typical-but-seldom-recognized-foreign-body-in-the-esophagus-of-a-laryngectomized-patient
#18
Jaime P Rodrigues, Rolando Pinho, Joao Carvalho
A 57-year-old man with a past medical history of total laryngectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx was admitted to our institution 5 months after the procedure, for surgical resection of a local recurrence of the tumor. In the postoperative period, endoscopically guided placement of a nasogastric tube was scheduled, after previous failed attempts. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an anastomotic dehiscence, 13 cm distal to the incisors, and a foreign body penetrating through the esophageal wall, 20cm distal to the incisors...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671751/an-excised-canine-model-of-anterior-glottic-web-and-its-acoustic-aerodynamic-and-high-speed-measurements
#19
Chao Xue, Allyson Pulvermacher, William Calawerts, Erin Devine, Jack Jiang
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to build an excised anterior glottic web (AGW) model and study the basic voice-related mechanisms of the AGW through investigating the acoustic, aerodynamic, and vibratory properties. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Overall, four conditions were tested for each of the eight canine larynges used. At baseline, 10%, 20%, and 33% occlusion (as determined by the placement of the suture), acoustic, aerodynamic, and high-speed video data were collected while each larynx was phonated in a soundproof booth...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658336/a-review-of-singing-voice-subsystem-interactions-toward-an-extended-physiological-model-of-support
#20
Christian T Herbst
During phonation, the respiratory, the phonatory, and the resonatory parts of the voice organ can interact, where physiological action in one subsystem elicits a direct effect in another. Here, three major subsystems of these synergies are reviewed, creating a model of voice subsystem interactions: (1) Vocal tract adjustments can influence the behavior of the voice source via nonlinear source-tract interactions; (2) The type and degree of vocal fold adduction controls the expiratory airflow rate; and (3) The tracheal pull caused by the respiratory system affects the vertical larynx position and thus the vocal tract resonances...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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