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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932721/can-you-reduce-the-dose-of-meloxicam-in-dogs-with-osteoarthritis
#1
Hannah Doit, Kathryn Wareham
BestBETs for Vets are generated by the Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine at the University of Nottingham to help answer specific questions and assist in clinical decision making. Although evidence is often limited, they aim to find, present and draw conclusions from the best available evidence, using a standardised framework. A more detailed description of how BestBETs for Vets are produced was published in a previous issue of Veterinary Record (VR, April 4, 2015, pp 354-356).
December 10, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925649/the-predictive-value-of-ultrasound-learning-curves-across-simulated-and-clinical-settings
#2
Mette E Madsen, Lone N Nørgaard, Ann Tabor, Lars Konge, Charlotte Ringsted, Martin G Tolsgaard
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore whether learning curves on a virtual-reality (VR) sonographic simulator can be used to predict subsequent learning curves on a physical mannequin and learning curves during clinical training. METHODS: Twenty midwives completed a simulation-based training program in transvaginal sonography. The training was conducted on a VR simulator as well as on a physical mannequin. A subgroup of 6 participants underwent subsequent clinical training...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922659/eye-movement-analysis-and-cognitive-assessment-the-use-of-comparative-visual-search-tasks-in-a-non-immersive-vr-application
#3
Pedro J Rosa, Pedro Gamito, Jorge Oliveira, Diogo Morais, Matthew Pavlovic, Olivia Smyth, Inês Maia, Tiago Gomes
BACKGROUND: An adequate behavioral response depends on attentional and mnesic processes. When these basic cognitive functions are impaired, the use of non-immersive Virtual Reality Applications (VRAs) can be a reliable technique for assessing the level of impairment. However, most non-immersive VRAs use indirect measures to make inferences about visual attention and mnesic processes (e.g., time to task completion, error rate). OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the eye movement analysis through eye tracking (ET) can be a reliable method to probe more effectively where and how attention is deployed and how it is linked with visual working memory during comparative visual search tasks (CVSTs) in non-immersive VRAs...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915363/outcomes-following-a-vestibular-rehabilitation-and-aerobic-training-program-to-address-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms
#4
Brian M Moore, Joseph T Adams, Edward Barakatt
PURPOSE: To describe changes in adults with persistent symptoms and disability following a concussion after completing a supervised home exercise vestibular rehabilitation (VR) program combined with aerobic training. METHOD: Participants included 14 consecutive individuals referred for VR within the context of a comprehensive concussion center. Outcome measures were administered at initial evaluation, 3 mos, and 6 mos. Outcome measures included: Rivermead Post-Concussion Questionnaire symptom (RPQ-3) and function (RPQ-13) subcategories, Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), functional gait assessment (FGA), return to work/study (RTW), and return to activity (RTA)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915225/development-of-a-novel-virtual-reality-gait-intervention
#5
Anna E Boone, Matthew H Foreman, Jack R Engsberg
INTRODUCTION: Improving gait speed and kinematics can be a time consuming and tiresome process. We hypothesize that incorporating virtual reality videogame play into variable improvement goals will improve levels of enjoyment and motivation and lead to improved gait performance. PURPOSE: To develop a feasible, engaging, VR gait intervention for improving gait variables. METHODS: Completing this investigation involved four steps: 1) identify gait variables that could be manipulated to improve gait speed and kinematics using the Microsoft Kinect and free software, 2) identify free internet videogames that could successfully manipulate the chosen gait variables, 3) experimentally evaluate the ability of the videogames and software to manipulate the gait variables, and 4) evaluate the enjoyment and motivation from a small sample of persons without disability...
November 14, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912243/vomeronasal-receptors-in-vertebrates-and-the-evolution-of-pheromone-detection
#6
Liliana Silva, Agostinho Antunes
Pheromones were identified as chemical signals used for intraspecific communication in insects (e.g., sexual attraction) in the 1950s. However, only almost 40 years later the vomeronasal receptors type-1 (V1R) and type-2 (V2R) were identified, usually associated with the presence of a vomeronasal organ (VNO). VRs are widespread in amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, but birds lost the VNO. Similarly, fishes lack VRs and a VNO but can still detect pheromones, instead using the olfactory receptors related to class A and class C G protein-coupled receptors...
November 28, 2016: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910085/sprint-fidelis-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-lead-patient-management-and-survival-single-center-study
#7
Marcin Grabowski, Jakub Kosma Rokicki, Sylwia Gajda, Łukasz Januszkiewicz, Andrzej Cacko, Przemysław Stolarz, Grzegorz Opolski
BACKGROUND: Over the last several years significant rises in the use of implanted cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) have also resulted in a number of associated complications. This number includes lead failure. Sprint Fidelis ICD lead (SF) is regarded as a lead with elevated failure risk. Every center acting in accordance with the guidelines should observe patients more thoroughly especially with recalled leads and run a registry of their follow-up. The aim of the present research was to observe patients with SF leads (types 6948, 6949) from a single implantation center...
December 2, 2016: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906757/effect-of-an-immersive-preoperative-virtual-reality-experience-on-patient-reported-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Kimon Bekelis, Daniel Calnan, Nathan Simmons, Todd A MacKenzie, George Kakoulides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of exposure to a virtual reality (VR) environment preoperatively on patient-reported outcomes for surgical operations. BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of well-developed quality improvement initiatives targeting patient satisfaction. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial of patients undergoing cranial and spinal operations in a tertiary referral center. Patients underwent a 1:1 randomization to an immersive preoperative VR experience or standard preoperative experience stratified on type of operation...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904638/virtual-reality-and-anxiety-in-primiparous-women-during-episiotomy-repair
#9
Nahid Jahani Shourab, Samira Ebrahimzadeh Zagami, Nahid Golmakhani, Seyed Reza Mazlom, Ali Nahvi, Ferial Pabarja, Mahdi Talebi, Sohaiela Mohamadi Rizi
BACKGROUND: In recent studies, using virtual reality (VR) has been proposed as a nonpharmacological method for anxiety reduction, but until this time, its effects have not been assessed on anxiety during episiotomy repair. This study aimed to determine the effect of audiovisual distraction (VR) on anxiety in primiparous women during episiotomy repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted on 30 primigravida from May to July 2012 in the maternity unit of the Omolbanin Hospital, Mashhad city, Iran...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895857/frequency-of-vana-vanb-and-vanh-variants-amongst-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-isolated-from-patients-in-central-region-of-iran
#10
Jaafar Rezvani, Reza Nasr, Fatemeh T Shamsabadi, Mohammad Reza Akbari Eidgahi
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the VRE frequency and the rate of each gene in isolated enterococci from patients with intestinal infection in the central region of Iran. BACKGROUND: Enterococci infections are a public health growing concern due to the glycopeptide antibiotics resistance especially vancomycin. Genes, vanA, B, and H contribute to the influence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted from January to July 2014 in Shahrood university hospital...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885695/vaccination-mitigates-the-impact-of-prrsv-infection-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-ceftiofur-crystalline-free-acid-in-pigs
#11
J W Sparks, L A Karriker, D N Day, L W Wulf, J Zhang, M L Stock, J L Bates, R Gehring, J F Coetzee
The pharmacokinetics of intramuscularly administered ceftiofur crystalline-free acid (CCFA) were determined in pigs that were clinically healthy (n = 8), vaccinated with a Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome modified live virus (PRRS MLV) (n = 10), challenged with wild-type porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSv) VR-2385 (n = 10), or vaccinated with PRRS MLV and later challenged with wild-type PRRSv VR-2385 (n = 10). Animals were given a single dose of CCFA intramuscularly at 5 mg/kg body weight...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884573/analysing-how-negative-emotions-emerge-and-are-addressed-in-veterinary-consultations-using-the-verona-coding-definitions-of-emotional-sequences-vr-codes
#12
Malou Vijfhuizen, Harold Bok, Susan M Matthew, Lidia Del Piccolo, Michelle McArthur
OBJECTIVE: To explore the applicability, need for modifications and reliability of the VR-CoDES in a veterinary setting while also gaining a deeper understanding of clients' expressions of negative emotion and how they are addressed by veterinarians. METHODS: The Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences for client cues and concerns (VR-CoDES-CC) and health provider responses (VR-CoDES-P) were used to analyse 20 audiotaped veterinary consultations. Inter-rater reliability was established...
November 3, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881970/the-potential-of-virtual-reality-for-the-investigation-of-awe
#13
Alice Chirico, David B Yaden, Giuseppe Riva, Andrea Gaggioli
The emotion of awe is characterized by the perception of vastness and a need for accommodation, which can include a positive and/or negative valence. While a number of studies have successfully manipulated this emotion, the issue of how to elicit particularly intense awe experiences in laboratory settings remains. We suggest that virtual reality (VR) is a particularly effective mood induction tool for eliciting awe. VR provides three key assets for improving awe. First, VR provides users with immersive and ecological yet controlled environments that can elicit a sense of "presence," the subjective experience of "being there" in a simulated reality...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876265/a-prospective-randomized-comparison-of-two-distinct-allogenic-tissue-constructs-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#14
Michael B Rose, Christopher Domes, Mehwish Farooqi, Dennis C Crawford
BACKGROUND: Conduct a prospective randomized study to compare clinical outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using quadrupled hamstring tendon (HT) allograft or doubled tibialis anterior (TA) allograft. Limited level 1 data exist comparing outcomes of different soft tissue allograft constructs for ACL reconstruction. We hypothesized no difference would exist in the patient reported outcomes (PRO), arthrometric testing, or rate of re-rupture between the two constructs...
December 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876202/an-interferon-inducing-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-vaccine-candidate-elicits-protection-against-challenge-with-the-heterologous-virulent-type-2-strain-vr-2385-in-pigs
#15
Eve Fontanella, Zexu Ma, Yanjin Zhang, Alessandra M M G de Castro, Huigang Shen, Patrick G Halbur, Tanja Opriessnig
Achieving consistent protection by vaccinating pigs against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) remains difficult. Recently, an interferon-inducing PRRSV vaccine candidate strain A2MC2 was demonstrated to be attenuated and induced neutralizing antibodies. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of passage 90 of A2MC2 (A2P90) to protect pigs against challenge with moderately virulent PRRSV strain VR-2385 (92.3% nucleic acid identity with A2MC2) and highly virulent atypical PRRSV MN184 (84...
November 18, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867313/tool-specific-performance-of-vibration-reducing-gloves-for-attenuating-fingers-transmitted-vibration
#16
Daniel E Welcome, Ren G Dong, Xueyan S Xu, Christopher Warren, Thomas W McDowell
BACKGROUND: Fingers-transmitted vibration can cause vibration-induced white finger. The effectiveness of vibration-reducing (VR) gloves for reducing hand transmitted vibration to the fingers has not been sufficiently examined. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine tool-specific performance of VR gloves for reducing finger-transmitted vibrations in three orthogonal directions (3D) from powered hand tools. METHODS: A transfer function method was used to estimate the tool-specific effectiveness of four typical VR gloves...
2016: Occupational Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867214/immersive-virtual-reality-in-computational-chemistry-applications-to-the-analysis-of-qm-and-mm-data
#17
Andrea Salvadori, Gianluca Del Frate, Marco Pagliai, Giordano Mancini, Vincenzo Barone
The role of Virtual Reality (VR) tools in molecular sciences is analyzed in this contribution through the presentation of the Caffeine software to the quantum chemistry community. Caffeine, developed at Scuola Normale Superiore, is specifically tailored for molecular representation and data visualization with VR systems, such as VR theaters and helmets. Usefulness and advantages that can be gained by exploiting VR are here reported, considering few examples specifically selected to illustrate different level of theory and molecular representation...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Quantum Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862825/competency-based-training-in-robotic-surgery-benchmark-scores-for-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation
#18
N Raison, K Ahmed, N Fossati, N Buffi, A Mottrie, P Dasgupta, H van der Poel
OBJECTIVES: To develop benchmark scores of competency for use within a competency-based virtual reality (VR) robotic training curriculum. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal, observational study analysed results from 9 EAU hands-on-training courses in VR simulation. 223 participants ranging from novice to expert robotic surgeons completed 1565 exercises. Competency was set at 75% of the mean expert score. Benchmark scores for all general performances metrics generated by the simulator were calculated...
November 10, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858587/the-feasibility-study-of-extradural-nerve-anastomosis-technique-for-canine-bladder-reinnervation-after-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Jian Tang, Jun Ma, Lei Yang, Xinpeng Huang, Yingbin Ge, Tao Sui, Zhongqing Wei, Xiaojian Cao
OBJECTIVE: Intradural nerve anastomosis for bladder innervation has been demonstrated to be useful. However, its clinical application remains limited because of the complex surgery, its complications and extensive bony destruction. The purpose of the current study was to demonstrate the feasibility of extradural spinal root anastomosis for bladder innervation in canines. METHODS: Ten beagle dogs were used. The length of the extradural segment of the nerve root, upper nerve root outlet (the point at which it emerges from the spinal dura mater) to S2 (dS2), the S3 (dS3) nerve root outlet distance, and the diameters of the extradural spinal roots were measured...
November 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858288/complete-genomic-characterization-of-two-european-genotype-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-isolates-in-fujian-province-of-china
#20
Jian-Kui Liu, Chun-Hua Wei, Ai-Ling Dai, Ke-Wei Fan, Bing-Hui Yang, Chun-Fang Huang, Xiao-Hua Li, Xiao-Yan Yang, Man-Lin Luo
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is considered one of the most devastating swine diseases worldwide, resulting in immense economic losses. PRRS virus (PRRSV) is divided into two major genotypes, European (type 1) and the North American (type 2). Type 1 PRRSV have recently emerged in Fujian province (South China), and this might have a significant impact on the Chinese pig industry. From 2013 to 2014, two type 1 PRRSV strains, named FJEU13 and FJQEU14, were isolated from piglets and sows with respiratory problems and reproductive disorders in Fujian province...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Virology
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