keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vr

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729214/milk-fat-globule-membrane-supplementation-with-voluntary-running-exercise-attenuates-age-related-motor-dysfunction-by-suppressing-neuromuscular-junction-abnormalities-in-mice
#1
Michiko Yano, Yoshihiko Minegishi, Satoshi Sugita, Noriyasu Ota
Age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function attenuates physical performance, and maintaining fine muscle innervation is known to play an important role in its prevention. We had previously shown that consumption of milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) with habitual exercise improves the muscle mass and motor function in humans and mice. Improvement of neuromuscular junction (NMJ) was suggested as one of the mechanisms underlying these effects. In this study, we evaluated the effect of MFGM intake combined with voluntary running (MFGM-VR) on morphological changes of NMJ and motor function in aging mice...
July 17, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727780/comparative-analysis-of-signature-genes-in-prrsv-infected-porcine-monocyte-derived-cells-to-different-stimuli
#2
Laura C Miller, Damarius S Fleming, Xiangdong Li, Darrell O Bayles, Frank Blecha, Yongming Sang
Monocyte-derived DCs (mDCs) are major target cells in porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) pathogenesis; however, the plasticity of mDCs in response to activation stimuli and PRRSV infection remains unstudied. In this study, we polarized mDCs, and applied genome-wide transcriptomic analysis and predicted protein-protein interaction networks to compare signature genes involved in mDCs activation and response to PRRSV infection. Porcine mDCs were polarized with mediators for 30 hours, then mock-infected, infected with PRRSV strain VR2332, or a highly pathogenic PRRSV strain (rJXwn06), for 5 h...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724866/effect-of-reduced-tube-voltage-on-diagnostic-accuracy-of-ct-colonography
#3
Yoshihiro Futamata, Tomoaki Koide, Riku Ihara
The normal tube voltage in computed tomography colonography (CTC) is 120 kV. Some reports indicate that the use of a low tube voltage (lower than 120 kV) technique plays a significant role in reduction of radiation dose. However, to determine whether a lower tube voltage can reduce radiation dose without compromising diagnostic accuracy, an evaluation of images that are obtained while maintaining the volume CT dose index (CTDIvol) is required. This study investigated the effect of reduced tube voltage in CTC, without modifying radiation dose (i...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723780/the-relationship-between-itpa-rs1127354-polymorphisms-and-efficacy-of-antiviral-treatment-in-northeast-chinese-chc-patients
#4
Zhenhua Liu, Song Wang, Wenqian Qi, Xu Wang, Derong Sun, Hongguang Wang, Yonggui Zhang, Zhongxie Li, Liying Zhu, Ping Zhao, Honghua Guo, Changyu Zhou, Jiangbin Wang
This prospective study investigated the relationship between 2 inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) polymorphisms (rs7270101 and rs1127354) and the efficacy of ribavirin-based antiviral therapy in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected Chinese patients.A total of 906 patients diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C receiving pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin combination therapy between January 2011 and January 2014 from 5 hepatitis centers in Northeast China were enrolled. The patients were divided into genotype 1 and non-genotype 1 groups according to the genotype of infected HCV...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719500/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-fully-liquid-dtap-ipv-hb-prp-t-hexavalent-vaccine-for-primary-and-booster-vaccinations-of-healthy-infants-and-toddlers-in-latin-america
#5
Pío López, Adriano Arguedas Mohs, Arturo Abdelnour Vásquez, Maria Consuelo-Miranda, Emmanuel Feroldi, Fernando Noriega, Emilia Jordanov, Siham B'Chir, Betzana Zambrano
BACKGROUND: Hexavalent diphtheria (D)-tetanus (T)-acellular pertussis (aP)-inactivated poliovirus (IPV)-hepatitis B (HB)-Haemophilus influenzae type b (PRP-T)-containing vaccines are increasingly the standard of care. This study evaluated the primary series (NCT01177722) and booster (NCT01444781) of a fully liquid DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T vaccine in Latin America. METHODS: Infants (N=1375) received HB vaccine at birth and were randomized to one of three batches of the investigational DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T or licensed control vaccine (DTaP-HB-IPV//PRP-T) at 2-4-6 months of age, co-administered with 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) (2-4-6 months) and rotavirus vaccine (2-4 months)...
July 14, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719062/immersive-virtual-reality-as-a-teaching-tool-for-neuroanatomy
#6
Katelyn Stepan, Joshua Zeiger, Stephanie Hanchuk, Anthony Del Signore, Raj Shrivastava, Satish Govindaraj, Alfred Iloreta
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) computer modeling and interactive virtual reality (VR) simulation are validated teaching techniques used throughout medical disciplines. Little objective data exists supporting its use in teaching clinical anatomy. Learner motivation is thought to limit the rate of utilization of such novel technologies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness, satisfaction, and motivation associated with immersive VR simulation in teaching medical students neuroanatomy...
July 18, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716503/effectiveness-of-otolith-repositioning-maneuvers-and-vestibular-rehabilitation-exercises-in-elderly-people-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-systematic-review
#7
Karyna Figueiredo Ribeiro, Bruna S Oliveira, Raysa V Freitas, Lidiane M Ferreira, Nandini Deshpande, Ricardo O Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is highly prevalent in elderly people. This condition is related to vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, poor balance, gait disturbance, and an increase in risk of falls, leading to postural changes and quality of life decreasing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes obtained by clinical trials on the effectiveness of Otolith Repositioning Maneuver (ORM) and Vestibular Rehabilitation (VR) exercises in the treatment of BPPV in elderly...
June 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715263/acute-effect-of-virtual-reality-exercise-bike-games-on-college-students-physiological-and-psychological-outcomes
#8
Nan Zeng, Zachary Pope, Zan Gao
Commercially available virtual reality (VR) exercise systems are extensively used in many health domains among clinical populations. However, evidence regarding the efficacy of this technology on healthy adults' health-related outcomes is unknown. This pilot study compared physiological and psychological responses following exercise on a VR-based exercise bike (VirZoom) and traditional stationary exercise bike. Twelve healthy college students (9 females; Mage = 25.01, SD = ± 4.74; MBMI = 22.84, SD = ± 3...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713323/model-of-illusions-and-virtual-reality
#9
REVIEW
Mar Gonzalez-Franco, Jaron Lanier
In Virtual Reality (VR) it is possible to induce illusions in which users report and behave as if they have entered into altered situations and identities. The effect can be robust enough for participants to respond "realistically," meaning behaviors are altered as if subjects had been exposed to the scenarios in reality. The circumstances in which such VR illusions take place were first introduced in the 80's. Since then, rigorous empirical evidence has explored a wide set of illusory experiences in VR. Here, we compile this research and propose a neuroscientific model explaining the underlying perceptual and cognitive mechanisms that enable illusions in VR...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709960/eating-behavior-style-predicts-craving-and-anxiety-experienced-in-food-related-virtual-environments-by-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#10
Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Antonios Dakanalis, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Isabel Sánchez, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado
Eating behavior style (emotional, restrictive, or external) has been proposed as an explanation for the differences in response to food-related cues between people who overeat and those who do not, and has been also considered a target for the treatment of eating disorders (EDs) characterized by lack of control over eating and weight-related (overweight/obesity) conditions. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating behavior style and psychophysiological responses (self-reported food craving and anxiety) to food-related virtual reality (VR) environments in outpatients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) and to compare them with healthy participants...
July 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709772/physical-health-promotion-in-patients-with-functional-psychoses-receiving-community-psychiatric-services-results-of-the-physico-dsm-vr-study
#11
Elena Bonfioli, Maria Angela Mazzi, Loretta Berti, Lorenzo Burti
OBJECTIVES: Psychotic patients have poorer health behaviours, including poor diets and sedentary lifestyles increasing their risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia, and tend to have a shorter life expectancy as compared to nonpsychiatric populations. Lifestyle intervention programmes that target modifiable risk factors in such patients have produced uneven results. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a package of health promotion strategies to improve diet and physical exercise in psychotic patients...
July 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708562/non-model-based-control-of-a-wheeled-vehicle-pulling-two-trailers-to-provide-early-powered-mobility-and-driving-experiences
#12
David A Sanders Td Vr
Non-model-based control of a wheeled vehicle pulling two trailers is presented. It is a fun train for disabled children consisting of a locomotive and two carriages. The fun train has afforded opportunities for both disabled and able bodied young people to share an activity and has provided early driving experiences for disabled children; it has introduced them to assistive and powered mobility. The train is a nonlinear system and subject to nonholonomic kinematic constraints so that position and state depend on the path taken to get there...
July 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701967/a-novel-integrating-virtual-reality-approach-for-the-assessment-of-the-attachment-behavioral-system
#13
Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Gabriella Pravettoni, Dolores Lucia Sutil Martín, Elena Parra, Mariano A Raya
Virtual reality (VR) technology represents a novel and powerful tool for behavioral research in psychological assessment. VR provides simulated experiences able to create the sensation of undergoing real situations. Users become active participants in the virtual environment seeing, hearing, feeling, and actuating as if they were in the real world. Currently, the most psychological VR applications concern the treatment of various mental disorders but not the assessment, that it is mainly based on paper and pencil tests...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701101/validation-of-an-immersive-virtual-reality-system-for-training-near-and-far-space-neglect-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-pilot-study
#14
Kazuhiro Yasuda, Daisuke Muroi, Masahiro Ohira, Hiroyasu Iwata
BACKGROUND: Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is defined as impaired ability to attend and see on one side, and when present, it interferes seriously with daily life. These symptoms can exist for near and far spaces combined or independently, and it is important to provide effective intervention for near and far space neglect. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to propose an immersive virtual reality (VR) rehabilitation program using a head-mounted display that is able to train both near and far space neglect, and to validate the immediate effect of the VR program in both near and far space neglect...
July 12, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699909/comparison-of-biological-target-volume-metrics-based-on-fdg-pet-ct-and-4dct-for-primary-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Yingjie Zhang, Jianbin Li, Yili Duan, Wei Wang, Fengxiang Li, Qian Shao, Min Xu
Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) and four-dimensional CT (4DCT) are used in several methods for defining the biological target volume (BTV) in primary non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Disagreements between the assessments using these methodologies make the use of BTV for radiotherapy planning controversial. In this study, we compared existing methods with our proposed internal biological target volume (IBTV) metric, derived by combining internal target volume (ITV) and BTV metrics...
July 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699875/the-middle-half-genome-of-interferon-inducing-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-strain-a2mc2-is-essential-for-interferon-induction
#16
Zexu Ma, Ying Yu, Yueqiang Xiao, Tanja Opriessnig, Rong Wang, Liping Yang, Yuchen Nan, Siba K Samal, Patrick G Halbur, Yan-Jin Zhang
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is known to antagonize the innate immune response. An atypical PRRSV strain A2MC2 is capable of inducing synthesis of type I interferons (IFNs) in cultured cells. Here, we show that the middle half of the A2MC2 genome is needed for triggering the IFN synthesis. First, a cDNA infectious clone of this atypical strain was constructed as a DNA-launched version. Virus recovery was achieved from the infectious clone and the recovered virus, rA2MC2, was characterized...
July 13, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698483/virtual-reality-as-a-promising-strategy-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Marcele Regine de Carvalho, Thiago Rodrigues de Santana Dias, Monica Duchesne, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Jose Carlos Appolinario
Several lines of evidence suggest that Virtual Reality (VR) has a potential utility in eating disorders. The objective of this study is to review the literature on the use of VR in bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). Using PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement for reporting systematic reviews, we performed a PubMed, Web of Knowledge and SCOPUS search to identify studies employing VR in the assessment and treatment of BN and BED. The following search terms were used: "virtual reality", "eating disorders", "binge eating", and "bulimia nervosa"...
July 9, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698034/exploring-physicians-verbal-and-nonverbal-responses-to-cues-concerns-learning-from-incongruent-communication
#18
R Gorawara-Bhat, L Hafskjold, P Gulbrandsen, H Eide
OBJECTIVES: Explore physicians' verbal and nonverbal responses to cues/concerns in consultations with older-patients. METHODS: Two teams independently coded a sample of Norwegian consultations (n=24) on verbal and nonverbal dimensions of communication using VR-CoDES and NDEPT instruments. Consultations exploring older-patients' verbal emotional expressions were labeled 'Acknowledging of patients' emotional expressions', and 'Distancing from patients' emotional expressions...
June 27, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693303/a-new-recombined-prrsv-virulent-strain-in-china
#19
Jian-Guo Dong, Lin-Yang Yu, Pei-Pei Wang, Le-Yi Zhang, Yan-Ling Liu, Peng-Shuai Liang, Chang-Xu Song
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most important swine diseases worldwide. In the present study, a new virulent strain of PRRS virus(PRRSV) GDsg was isolated in Guangdong province of China, which caused high fever, high morbidity and high mortality for sow and piglets. The genome of this new strain is 15,413 nucleotides(nt) in length and comparative analysis revealed that GDsg shared 82.4% to 94% identity with type 2 PRRSV strains, but only 61.5% with type 1 PRRSV strain-Lelystad Virus, Phylogenetic analysis indicated that type 2 PRRSV isolates formed five subgenotypes (I, II, III, IV, V), which was represented by NADC30, VR-2332, GM2, CH-1a and HuN4, respectively...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687845/wayfinding-and-glaucoma-a-virtual-reality-experiment
#20
Fábio B Daga, Eduardo Macagno, Cory Stevenson, Ahmed Elhosseiny, Alberto Diniz-Filho, Erwin R Boer, Jürgen Schulze, Felipe A Medeiros
Purpose: Wayfinding, the process of determining and following a route between an origin and a destination, is an integral part of everyday tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of glaucomatous visual field loss on wayfinding behavior using an immersive virtual reality (VR) environment. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 31 glaucomatous patients and 20 healthy subjects without evidence of overall cognitive impairment. Wayfinding experiments were modeled after the Morris water maze navigation task and conducted in an immersive VR environment...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
keyword
keyword
95653
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"