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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776622/sleep-deficiency-among-native-hawaiian-pacific-islander-black-and-white-americans-and-the-association-with-cardiometabolic-diseases-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey-data
#1
Ellyn E Matthews, Chenghui Li, Christopher R Long, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse, Bradley C Martin, Pearl Anna McElfish
PURPOSE: Examine sleep deficiency, factors, and associations with cardiometabolic diseases in United States Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders (NHPI), Blacks, and Whites. DESIGN: Data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey and NHPI National Health Interview Survey household interviews of adults were analyzed. PARTICIPANTS: Of 31,724 participants, 7% were NHPI, 14% were Black, and 79% were White. METHODS: Habitual sleep duration and quality, sociodemographic/economic covariates, health behaviors, psychological distress, and chronic diseases were self-reported...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#2
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768072/an-integrated-developmental-four-year-medical-school-curriculum-in-palliative-care-a-longitudinal-content-evaluation-based-on-national-competency-standards
#3
Erin M Denney-Koelsch, Robert Horowitz, Timothy Quill, Constance D Baldwin
BACKGROUND: While palliative care (PC) competencies for medical school graduates have been defined, the lack of established curriculum models and assessment tools hampers curricular evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To describe the scope and content of the University of Rochester's longitudinal, integrated four-year PC curriculum after 17 years of implementation, review student evaluative responses, and compare the curriculum to national competency standards. DESIGN AND SETTING: Combining and reorganizing a published PC curriculum assessment tool and a list of medical school PC competencies, we created a novel nine-topic framework to assess the content coverage of our curriculum...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767771/do-sleep-and-psychological-distress-mediate-the-association-between-neighborhood-factors-and-pain
#4
Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Tamara Dubowitz, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Daniel Buysse, Lauren Hale, Matthew Buman, Wendy Troxel
Objective: Pain affects millions of American adults. However, individuals from socioeconomically disadvantaged groups experience higher rates of pain, and individuals from racial/ethnic minorities report greater pain severity and pain-related disability. Some studies find an association between neighborhood socioeconomic status and pain. The present study aimed to further understand the association between neighborhood disadvantage and pain, including the role of objective (e.g., crime rates) and subjective neighborhood characteristics (e...
May 14, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763847/race-ethnicity-psychological-resilience-and-social-support-among-oef-oif-combat-veterans
#5
Matthew S Herbert, Desmond W Leung, James O E Pittman, Elizabeth Floto, Niloofar Afari
This study examined the relationship between race/ethnicity and psychological resilience, and the moderating role of social support in this relationship among non-Hispanic White (n = 605), Hispanic (n = 107), African American (n = 141), and Asian American (n = 97) Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) combat veterans. Veterans were primarily male (88%) with a mean age of 31.4 years (SD = 8.35). An analysis of covariance showed that Asian American veterans reported significantly lower psychological resilience than non-Hispanic White veterans...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757686/predictors-of-unemployment-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#6
Li Wang, Brian Y Hong, Sean A Kennedy, Yaping Chang, Chris J Hong, Samantha Craigie, Henry Y Kwon, Beatriz Romerosa, Rachel J Couban, Susan Reid, James S Khan, Michael McGillion, Victoria Blinder, Jason W Busse
Purpose Breast cancer surgery is associated with unemployment. Identifying high-risk patients could help inform strategies to promote return to work. We systematically reviewed observational studies to explore factors associated with unemployment after breast cancer surgery. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to identify studies that explored risk factors for unemployment after breast cancer surgery. When possible, we pooled estimates of association for all independent variables reported by more than one study...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756060/factors-associated-with-acute-and-chronic-pain-after-inguinal-herniorraphy
#7
Elif Erdogan, Ecder Ozenc
Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between types of anaesthesia, patients' demographic variables, preoperative emotional states and the prevalence of postoperative pain. Method: In this randomized prospective study, postoperative pain was assessed in 100 patients, who were ASA (American Society of Anaesthesiologist) I-II and between 18-65 years old, undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy with either general or spinal anaesthesia. In addition, postoperative pain compared with patients' demographic properties and psychological conditions in each group was also considered...
April 2018: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747138/depressive-symptoms-and-psychological-distress-among-rural-african-americans-the-role-of-material-hardship-and-self-rated-health
#8
Addie Weaver, Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters, Joseph A Himle
BACKGROUND: Despite experiencing conditions associated with higher risk for depression and psychological distress, the mental health of rural African Americans remains understudied. This brief report examines the association between sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, and material hardship, and depressive symptoms and psychological distress among rural African Americans. METHOD: Data are from the rural African American subsample (N = 250) of the National Survey of American Life (NSAL; 2001-2003)...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736239/clinical-and-psychological-features-of-children-and-adolescents-diagnosed-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-pediatric-tertiary-care-eating-disorder-program-a-descriptive-study
#9
Megan Cooney, Melissa Lieberman, Tim Guimond, Debra K Katzman
Background: Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating disorder first described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) [American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 2013]. Patients with ARFID do not fear gaining weight or have body image distortions. ARFID involves a persistent disturbance in feeding and eating that results in an inability to meet nutritional and/or energy needs with one of the following: weight loss or failure to achieve appropriate weight gain, nutritional deficiency, dependence on enteral feeding or nutritional supplements and significant interference with psychosocial functioning...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735350/loneliness-in-middle-age-and-biomarkers-of-systemic-inflammation-findings-from-midlife-in-the-united-states
#10
Paula V Nersesian, Hae-Ra Han, Gayane Yenokyan, Roger S Blumenthal, Marie T Nolan, Melissa D Hladek, Sarah L Szanton
OBJECTIVE: Middle-aged adults who are lonely have an elevated likelihood of death. Systemic inflammation may contribute to these increased odds. Using population-level data, this study tested if systemic inflammation is associated with loneliness in a broad age range of middle-aged adults in the United States. METHODS: This study used data from the Midlife in the US (MIDUS) survey Biomarker Project, which collected data on psychological, social, and physiological measures from a sample of middle-aged adults...
April 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732554/understanding-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adult-women-with-metastatic-cancer-who-have-dependent-children
#11
Eliza M Park, Allison M Deal, Justin M Yopp, Teresa Edwards, Samuel J Resnick, Mi-Kyung Song, Zev M Nakamura, Donald L Rosenstein
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a leading cause of death among women of parenting age in the United States. Women living with advanced or incurable cancer who have dependent children experience high rates of depression and anxiety as well as unique parenting challenges. To the authors' knowledge, few studies to date have examined the parenting factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women with advanced cancer. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional, Web-based survey of the psychosocial concerns of 224 women with a tumor-node-metastasis staging system of the AJCC stage IV solid tumor malignancy who had at least 1 child aged <18 years...
May 6, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706421/factors-associated-with-uninvestigated-dyspepsia-in-students-at-4-latin-american-schools-of-medicine-a-multicenter-study
#12
L Talledo-Ulfe, O D Buitrago, Y Filorio, F Casanova, L Campos, F Cortés, C R Mejia
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Dyspepsia is a multifactorial disease that can involve alcohol, tobacco, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, as well as lifestyle, diet, socioeconomic elements, or psychologic factors. The aim of the present article was to establish the frequency of uninvestigated dyspepsia and determine its associated factors in students at 4 Latin American schools of medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, analytic study was conducted, in which a survey made up of closed-ended questions was applied at just one point in time...
April 26, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704968/body-image-acceptance-and-action-questionnaire-5-an-abbreviation-using-genetic-algorithms
#13
Geetanjali Basarkod, Baljinder Sahdra, Joseph Ciarrochi
Body image concerns are typically linked with negative outcomes such as disordered eating and diminished well-being, but some people can exhibit psychological flexibility and remain committed to their valued goals despite being dissatisfied about their bodies. Such flexibility is most frequently measured by the Body Image-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (BI-AAQ). This study used a recently validated, fully automated method based on genetic algorithms (GAs) on data from an American community sample (N1 =538, 71...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698556/more-frequent-use-of-health-care-services-among-distressed-compared-with-nondistressed-survivors-of-lymphoma-and-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-results-from-the-population-based-profiles-registry
#14
Lindy P J Arts, Simone Oerlemans, Lidwine Tick, Ad Koster, Henk T J Roerdink, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
BACKGROUND: Follow-up care for a growing population of survivors of lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) together with the adverse effects these survivors may experience as a result of their cancer and treatment have led to more pressure being placed on health care services. The objectives of the current study were to: 1) compare the use of medical care services by survivors with that of a normative population; 2) evaluate the use of medical and psychosocial care services among distressed and nondistressed survivors; and 3) identify associated sociodemographic and clinical factors...
April 26, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691763/are-two-spaces-better-than-one-the-effect-of-spacing-following-periods-and-commas-during-reading
#15
Rebecca L Johnson, Becky Bui, Lindsay L Schmitt
The most recent edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) Manual states that two spaces should follow the punctuation at the end of a sentence. This is in contrast to the one-space requirement from previous editions. However, to date, there has been no empirical support for either convention. In the current study, participants performed (1) a typing task to assess spacing usage and (2) an eye-tracking experiment to assess the effect that punctuation spacing has on reading performance. Although comprehension was not affected by punctuation spacing, the eye movement record suggested that initial processing of the text was facilitated when periods were followed by two spaces, supporting the change made to the APA Manual...
April 24, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681975/mind-body-therapies-for-african-american-women-at-risk-for-cardiometabolic-disease-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Candace C Johnson, Karen M Sheffield, Roy E Brown
Background: A major determinant in cardiometabolic health is metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of symptoms that portend the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). As mind-body therapies are thought to help in lowering physiological and environmental CVD risk factors including blood pressure and psychological stress, they may also be beneficial for the primary prevention of CVD. Objectives: To synthesize and summarize existing knowledge on the effectiveness of mind-body therapies on MetS outcomes in African-American (AA) women, a US subpopulation at high risk for CVD...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672106/mmpi-2-rf-characteristics-of-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-military-sexual-trauma
#17
Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Military sexual trauma (MST) is defined as experiences of sexual assault or repeated, threatening, harassment during military service. MST events may not qualify within posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Criterion A, making symptoms associated with MST unique from trauma-related disorders. Little research has been done to understand those presenting for MST treatment. Thus, this article provides Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores of 33 U.S. veterans who experienced MST in an effort to better understand psychological and personality characteristics of this important and unique group of veterans...
April 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671796/does-discrimination-explain-high-risk-of-depression-among-high-income-african-american-men
#18
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
Background: Higher socioeconomic status is known to decrease the risk for poor mental health overall. However, African American males of higher socioeconomic status (SES) are at an increased risk for having a major depressive episode (MDE). It is not known whether perceived discrimination (PD) explains this risk. The current study used nationally representative data to explore the role of PD in explaining the association between high-SES and having MDE among African American men. Methods: The National Survey of American Life (NSAL), 2003, included 4461 American adults including 1271 African American men...
April 19, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660813/impact-of-psychiatric-illness-on-decreased-survival-in-elderly-patients-with-bladder-cancer-in-the-united-states
#19
Usama Jazzar, Shan Yong, Zachary Klaassen, Jinhai Huo, Byron D Hughes, Edgar Esparza, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Simon P Kim, Douglas S Tyler, Stephen J Freedland, Ashish M Kamat, Dwight V Wolf, Stephen B Williams
BACKGROUND: Treatments for muscle-invasive bladder cancer are multimodal, complex, and often carry significant risks of physical and psychological morbidity. The objectives of this study were to define the incidence and types of psychiatric illnesses diagnosed after treatment and to determine their impact on survival outcomes. METHODS: In total, 3709 patients who were diagnosed with clinical stage T2 through T4a bladder cancer from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2011, from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare were analyzed...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657583/-i-m-black-and-i-m-proud-a-majority-ecological-context-protects-affective-aspects-of-black-identity-under-stereotype-threat
#20
Andre' Oliver, Ghilamichael Andemeskel, Carlise R King, Lyndsey Wallace, Serie McDougal, Kenneth P Monteiro, Avi Ben-Zeev
We provide evidence that stereotype threat, a phenomenon that causes stigmatized individuals to experience group-based evaluative concerns (Steele in Am Psychol 52:613-629, 1997; Whistling Vivaldi and other clues to how stereotypes affect us, W.W. Norton, New York, 2010), impacts affective aspects of Black identity as a function of majority versus minority ecological contexts. Black/African-American students, enrolled in either Africana Studies (Black ecological majority) or Psychology (Black ecological minority), completed private and public regard subscales from the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (Sellers et al...
December 2017: Race and Social Problems
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