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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534247/associations-between-parenting-factors-motivation-and-physical-activity-in-overweight-african-american-adolescents
#1
Lauren E Huffman, Dawn K Wilson, M Lee Van Horn, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: Positive parenting practices and environmental supports have been linked to physical activity (PA) levels in youth, yet factors associated with positive parenting styles have been understudied in African American adolescents. PURPOSE: This study expands on previous literature by examining associations between motivation, parenting factors associated with Self-Determination Theory's psychological needs (competence, autonomy, and relatedness) including authoritative parenting, autonomy support and emotional and tangible support, and adolescent moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and light PA (LPA)...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499564/socio-demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-korean-americans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-life-experiences
#2
Gyeong-Suk Jeon, So-Young Park, Kunsook S Bernstein
This study examined socio-demographic and psychological correlates of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Korean Americans (KAs) with traumatic life experiences. A total of 286 KAs were included. Being a woman or having a lower annual household income had positive associations with PTG, while having no religion had a negative association with it. In addition, praying and visiting a mental health professional for coping with stress or for psychological problems was positively associated with PTG. Higher resilience scores increased PTG, while depressive symptoms decreased it...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499328/negative-psychological-consequences-of-breast-cancer-among-recently-diagnosed-ethnically-diverse-women
#3
Silvia Tejeda, Melinda R Stolley, Ganga Vijayasiri, Richard T Campbell, Carol Estwing Ferrans, Richard B Warnecke, Garth H Rauscher
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer has psychological consequences that impact quality of life (QOL). We examined factors associated with negative psychological consequences of a breast cancer diagnosis, in a diverse sample of 910 recently diagnosed patients (378 African-American, 372 White, and 160 Latina). METHODS: Patients completed an in-person interview as part of the Breast Cancer Care in Chicago study within an average of four months from diagnosis. The Cockburn negative psychological consequences of breast cancer screening scale was revised to focus on a breast cancer diagnosis...
May 12, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498023/physical-and-or-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-psychological-and-emotional-distress-among-transgender-women
#4
Alexandra L Kussin-Shoptaw, Jesse B Fletcher, Cathy J Reback
PURPOSE: Transgender women have consistently reported elevated rates of lifetime physical and sexual abuse. This study examined the associations between reported physical and/or sexual abuse and symptoms of psychological and emotional distress among a sample of urban, high-risk transgender women. METHODS: From June 2005 through July 2012, 99 transgender women enrolled in a Comprehensive Risk Counseling and Services program in Hollywood, CA. Seemingly unrelated regression equations (SURE) were used to simultaneously regress psychiatric symptom reports on participant sociodemographic characteristics and self-reported history of physical/sexual abuse...
May 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491483/twelve-weeks-of-dance-exergaming-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescent-girls-transfer-effects-on-physical-activity-screen-time-and-self-efficacy
#5
Amanda E Staiano, Robbie A Beyl, Daniel S Hsia, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Robert L Newton
BACKGROUND: Given the low levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescent girls in the US, there is a need to identify tools to motivate increased PA. Although there is limited evidence that adolescents transfer PA from one context to another context, exergames (i.e., video games that require gross motor activity) may act as a gateway to promote overall PA outside of game play. The purpose of this study was to examine potential transfer effects (i.e., influences on external behaviors and psychological constructs) of a 12-week exergaming intervention on adolescent girls' PA, screen-time, and self-efficacy towards PA, as well as the intrinsic motivation of exergaming...
March 2017: Journal of Sport and Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489656/consequences-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-professional-american-football-players-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Bodil C Vos, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Judith K Sluiter
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for the consequences Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has on cognitive, psychological, physical, and sports-related functioning in professional American Football players. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic search in 2 databases, PubMed and SPORTDiscus, to obtain literature from January 1990 to January 2015. To be eligible for inclusion, a study had to examine the relationship between TBI and the consequences for several aspects of functioning in professional American football players older than 18 years...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483503/gaps-in-knowledge-among-physicians-regarding-diagnostic-criteria-and-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
Anuja Dokras, Shailly Saini, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Jay Schulkin, Laura Cooney, Helena Teede
OBJECTIVE: To identify gaps in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) knowledge and practice patterns among physicians in North America in response to significant dissatisfaction identified among women with PCOS regarding their diagnosis and treatment experience. DESIGN: Online survey conducted via American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology of gynecologists (ObGyn) and American Society of Reproductive Medicine of reproductive endocrinologists (REI-ObGyn) in 2015-16...
May 5, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482690/clinical-psychology-training-accreditation-and-beyond
#8
Robert W Levenson
Beginning with efforts in the late 1940s to ensure that clinical psychologists were adequately trained to meet the mental health needs of the veterans of World War II, the accreditation of clinical psychologists has largely been the province of the Commission on Accreditation of the American Psychological Association. However, in 2008 the Psychological Clinical Science Accreditation System began accrediting doctoral programs that adhere to the clinical science training model. This review discusses the goals of accreditation and the history of the accreditation of graduate programs in clinical psychology, and provides an overview of the evaluation procedures used by these two systems...
May 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482274/native-immigrant-occupational-segregation-and-worker-health-in-the-united-states-2004-2014
#9
Wen Fan, Yue Qian
Immigrant workers are a growing share of the U.S. labor force and are overrepresented in certain occupations. This much is well documented, yet few studies have examined the consequences of this division of labor between foreign-born and native-born workers. This research focuses on one of the consequences of occupational segregation-worker health. We merge data from the 2004-2014 National Health Interview Surveys with occupational-level data from the Occupational Information Network 20.1 database and the American Community Surveys to examine the relationship between occupational segregation and health...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481591/carl-n-zimet-1925-2015
#10
Josette G Harris, Steven A Rosenberg
This article memorializes Carl N. Zimet (1925-2015). In 1963, Zimet was recruited to the University of Colorado School of Medicine as chief of the Division of Psychology. Throughout his career, he was engaged in the practice of psychotherapy. He served on numerous boards and committees of the American Psychological Association (APA), including APA's Board of Directors. Zimet was a founder of the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology and was its first president, a position he held for 11 years...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479412/perceived-family-functioning-predicts-baseline-psychosocial-characteristics-in-u-s-participants-of-a-family-focused-grief-therapy-trial
#11
Tammy A Schuler, Talia I Zaider, Yuelin Li, Melissa Masterson, Glynnis A McDonnell, Shira Hichenberg, Rebecca Loeb, David W Kissane
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: Screening and baseline data on 170 American families (620 individuals), selected by screening from a palliative care population for inclusion in a RCT of Family Focused Grief Therapy (FFGT), were examined to determine whether family dysfunction conferred higher levels of psychosocial morbidity. We hypothesized that greater family dysfunction would indeed be associated with poorer psychosocial outcomes among palliative care patients and their family members. METHODS: Screened families were classified according to their functioning on the Family Relationships Index (FRI) and consented families completed baseline assessments...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472548/the-association-of-demoralization-with-mental-disorders-and-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-with-cancer
#12
Sigrun Vehling, David W Kissane, Christopher Lo, Heide Glaesmer, Tim J Hartung, Gary Rodin, Anja Mehnert
BACKGROUND: Demoralization refers to a state in which there is a perceived inability to cope, that is associated with a sense of disheartenment and a loss of hope and meaning. This study investigated the co-occurrence versus independence of demoralization with mental disorders and suicidal ideation to evaluate its features as a concept of distress in the context of severe illness. METHODS: In a cross-sectional sample of 430 mixed cancer patients, we assessed demoralization with the Demoralization Scale (DS); the 4-week prevalence of mood, anxiety, and adjustment disorders and suicidal ideation with the standardized Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Oncology (CIDI-O); and depressive symptoms with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)...
May 4, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472529/linking-mastery-across-the-life-course-to-mobility-device-use-in-later-life
#13
Kenzie Latham-Mintus, Philippa J Clarke
Objectives: Mastery in older ages is shaped by earlier-life experiences. Prior research has demonstrated that mastery is associated with health-promoting behaviors; however, little research has examined whether mastery histories influence health behaviors such as mobility device use in later life. Method: Using 25 years of data from the Americans' Changing Lives Survey (N = 1,427), this research explores whether different trajectories of life course mastery influence the odds that an older adult will use a mobility device when experiencing functional impairment...
May 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461713/the-great-recession-and-risk-for-child-abuse-and-neglect
#14
William Schneider, Jane Waldfogel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
This paper examines the association between the Great Recession and four measures of the risk for maternal child abuse and neglect: (1) maternal physical aggression; (2) maternal psychological aggression; (3) physical neglect by mothers; and (4) supervisory/exposure neglect by mothers. It draws on rich longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a longitudinal birth cohort study of families in 20 U.S. cities (N = 3,177; 50% African American, 25% Hispanic; 22% non-Hispanic white; 3% other)...
January 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461539/factors-affecting-resilience-and-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-critical-care-nurses
#15
Meredith Mealer, Jacqueline Jones, Paula Meek
BACKGROUND: Job stress and cumulative exposure to traumatic events experienced by critical care nurses can lead to psychological distress and the development of burnout syndrome and posttraumatic stress disorder. Resilience can mitigate symptoms associated with these conditions. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that affect resilience and to determine if the factors have direct or indirect effects on resilience in development of posttraumatic stress disorder. METHODS: Data from 744 respondents to a survey mailed to 3500 critical care nurses who were members of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses were analyzed...
May 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453218/mexican-american-adolescents-emotional-support-to-the-family-in-response-to-parental-stress
#16
Kim M Tsai, Nancy A Gonzales, Andrew J Fuligni
In this two-wave longitudinal, daily diary study that followed up with 421 Mexican American parent-adolescent dyads (adolescents: Mage = 15 years, 50% males) after 1 year, we investigated the contingency between parental stressors and adolescents' emotional support to family members. Adolescents provided support to their parents and other family members at similar rates, but adolescents were more likely to provide support to other family members than to their parents on days when parents experienced a family stressor...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453205/association-of-demanding-kin-relations-with-psychological-distress-and-school-achievement-among-low-income-african-american-mothers-and-adolescents-moderating-effects-of-family-routine
#17
Ronald D Taylor
Association of demanding kin relations and family routine with adolescents' psychological distress and school achievement was assessed among 200 low-income, African American mothers and adolescents. Demanding kin relations were significantly associated with adolescents' psychological distress. Family routine was significantly related to adolescents' school achievement. Demanding kin relations were negatively associated with school achievement for adolescents from families low in routine, but unrelated to achievement for adolescents in families high in routine...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432938/the-role-of-distress-intolerance-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-problematic-alcohol-use-among-latin-american-msm
#18
Katie Wang, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Katie B Biello, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Joshua G Rosenberger, David S Novak, Matthew J Mimiaga
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and its well-documented association with substance use in adulthood, little research has examined the psychological mechanisms underlying this association. The current study utilized a large, multinational sample of MSM in Latin America to examine the role of distress intolerance (i.e., decreased capacity to withstand negative psychological states) in the relationship between childhood sexual abuse history and problematic alcohol use...
April 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431192/a-personal-connection-promoting-positive-attitudes-towards-teaching-and-learning
#19
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Students' attitudes towards teaching and learning must be addressed with the same seriousness and effort as we address content. Establishing a personal connection and addressing our students' basic psychological needs will produce positive attitudes towards teaching and learning and develop life-long learners. It will also promote constructive student-teacher relationships that have a profound influence on our students' approach towards school. To begin this process, consider the major tenets of the Self-Determination Theory...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414591/violence-victimization-social-support-and-papanicolaou-smear-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#20
Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Justin E Heinze, Ian Lang, Ritesh Mistry, Anne Buu, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are among those at greatest risk for experiencing violence victimization. Notably, the mortality rate of cervical cancer for African American women is also twice that of white women. To date, we know of no literature using longitudinal data to examine how violence victimization relates to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results or cervical cancer in this population. Our study examines how violence victimization during adolescence (age 15 to 18) influences psychological distress, perceived social support, heavy substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors during emerging adulthood (age 20 to 23), and subsequent Pap smear outcomes during young adulthood (age 29 to 32)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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