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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914722/poor-expectations-of-knee-replacement-benefit-are-associated-with-modifiable-psychological-factors-and-influence-the-decision-to-have-surgery-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study-of-a-community-based-sample
#1
Daniel L Riddle, Gregory J Golladay, Amanda Hayes, Hassan M K Ghomrawi
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a highly effective surgery, but is underutilized by some patient groups. This study determined factors associated with a person's expectations with respect to pain and walking function following a TKA procedure, should they elect to undergo a TKA. METHODS: A total of 3542 people were studied with or at risk of knee osteoarthritis and enrolled in the community-based Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). Multivariable logistic regression analyses identified demographic, socioeconomic, osteoarthritis-related, joint replacement awareness, and psychological correlates as poor outcome expectations...
November 30, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913760/neighborhood-physical-disorder-and-psychological-distress-does-the-risk-increase-with-age
#2
Manacy Pai, Joongbaeck Kim
Although research documents a link between neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, we know little about the extent to which this association varies by age. Utilizing the person-environment fit model and drawing on data from the fourth wave of the Americans' Changing Lives Survey, we examine the extent to which age influences the association between perceptions of neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, as measured by depressive symptoms. We employ both continuous and categorical measures of age to test for a potential moderating effect...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889444/the-effectiveness-of-emotional-freedom-techniques-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Brenda Sebastian, Jerrod Nelms
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, growing numbers of clinicians have been utilizing emotional freedom techniques (EFT) in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown encouraging outcomes for all three conditions. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of EFT in treating PTSD by conducting a meta-analysis of existing RCTs. METHODS: A systematic review of databases was undertaken to identify RCTs investigating EFT in the treatment of PTSD...
October 24, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#4
Laura Polloni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Emilia Ferruzza, Roberta Bonaguro, Francesca Lazzarotto, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Antonella Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological wellbeing. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared to healthy peers, and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884689/demographic-predictors-of-pain-sensitivity-results-from-the-oppera-study
#5
Cara Ostrom, Eric Bair, William Maixner, Ronald Dubner, Roger B Fillingim, Richard Ohrbach, Gary D Slade, Joel D Greenspan
: The demographic factors of sex, age, and race/ethnicity are well recognized as relevant to pain sensitivity and clinical pain expression.Of these, sex differences have been the most frequently studied, and most of the literature describes greater pain sensitivity for women.The other two factors have been less frequently evaluated, and current literature is not definitive.Taking advantage of the large OPPERA study cohort, we evaluated the association of sex, age, and self-reported race with 34 measures of pressure, mechanical, and thermal pain sensitivity encompassing both threshold and suprathreshold perception...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883197/cultivating-community-psychology-for-future-generations-symbiosis-synergy-and-separation
#6
Bret Kloos
As we near the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of a community psychology division of the American Psychological Association, there are reasons to be concerned about the sustainability of the field. This commentary proposes a need for deliberate, systematic efforts to cultivate settings that can sustain the field. A framework for outreach to build symbiotic relationships and synergistic collaborations with persons who do not identify as community psychologists is proposed. Simultaneously, a strategy of separation from other disciplines may be needed in some circumstances to conserve settings that sustain the field...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867258/principle-of-care-and-giving-to-help-people-in-need
#7
René Bekkers, Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm
Theories of moral development posit that an internalized moral value that one should help those in need-the principle of care-evokes helping behaviour in situations where empathic concern does not. Examples of such situations are helping behaviours that involve cognitive deliberation and planning, that benefit others who are known only in the abstract, and who are out-group members. Charitable giving to help people in need is an important helping behaviour that has these characteristics. Therefore we hypothesized that the principle of care would be positively associated with charitable giving to help people in need, and that the principle of care would mediate the empathic concern-giving relationship...
May 2016: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862906/characterization-of-pain-disability-and-psychological-burden-in-marfan-syndrome
#8
Traci J Speed, Vani A Mathur, Matthew Hand, Bryt Christensen, Paul D Sponseller, Kayode A Williams, Claudia M Campbell
The clinical manifestations of Marfan syndrome frequently cause pain. This study aimed to characterize pain in a cohort of adults with Marfan syndrome and investigate demographic, physical, and psychological factors associated with pain and pain-related disability. Two hundred and forty-five participants (73% female, 89% non-Hispanic white, 90% North American) completed an online questionnaire assessing clinical features of Marfan syndrome, pain severity, pain-related disability, physical and mental health, depressive symptoms, pain catastrophizing, and insomnia...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859009/mental-distress-and-health-care-use-among-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey
#9
Sapna Kaul, Jaqueline C Avila, Miriam Mutambudzi, Heidi Russell, Anne C Kirchhoff, Cindy L Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to examine the prevalence and correlates of mental distress among survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer and a comparison group. METHODS: A total of 875 AYA cancer survivors who were diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 39 years and who were at least 5 years from their initial diagnosis were identified from the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Surveys. A comparison group was created. The Kessler nonspecific mental/psychological distress scale was used to examine none/low, moderate, and severe distress...
November 17, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852947/psychological-distress-and-associated-factors-among-mexican-american-adolescent-females
#10
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
INTRODUCTION: Mental health literacy is a critical component of adolescent health enabling recognition, management, and prevention of psychological distress. Adolescents engaging in risk behaviors and experiencing interpersonal violence, substance use, and pregnancy are at high risk for psychological distress. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data collected via a control randomized trial among Mexican American females (aged 14-18 years; N = 461) experiencing high-risk sexual behavior, interpersonal violence, and sexually transmitted infection was conducted with comparisons of psychological distress by pregnancy status...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849405/psychiatric-symptoms-parental-attachment-and-reasons-for-use-as-correlates-of-heavy-substance-use-among-treatment-seeking-hispanic-adolescents
#11
Karina A Gattamorta, Alberto Varela, Brian E McCabe, Maite P Mena, Daniel A Santisteban
: In early adolescence, Hispanics self-report higher drug use rates compared to White and African American peers. Among adolescent users, heavy users have more negative behavioral and health consequences. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine whether psychiatric symptoms, parental attachment, and reasons for use predict heavy alcohol and illicit drug use (more than 10 times in the past three months) among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: This study examines baseline data from a study evaluating a family based substance abuse treatment program for Hispanic adolescents...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835720/a-novel-therapy-for-chronic-sleep-onset-insomnia-a-retrospective-nonrandomized-controlled-study-of-auto-adjusting-dual-level-positive-airway-pressure-technology
#12
Barry Krakow, Victor A Ulibarri, Natalia D McIver, Michael R Nadorff
Objective: Evidence indicates that behavioral or drug therapy may not target underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms for chronic insomnia, possibly due to previously unrecognized high rates (30%-90%) of sleep apnea in chronic insomnia patients. Although treatment studies with positive airway pressure (PAP) demonstrate decreased severity of chronic sleep maintenance insomnia in patients with co-occurring sleep apnea, sleep-onset insomnia has not shown similar results. We hypothesized advanced PAP technology would be associated with decreased sleep-onset insomnia severity in a sample of predominantly psychiatric patients with comorbid sleep apnea...
September 29, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825793/adherence-to-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-is-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Laura J Lutz, Erin Gaffney-Stomberg, Kelly W Williams, Susan M McGraw, Philip J Niro, J Philip Karl, Sonya J Cable, Thomas L Cropper, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010), a measure of diet quality, is used to quantify adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Better HEI scores have been associated with positive health outcomes; however, the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, a mental health attribute for coping with adversity, has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, and the relationship between resilience and demographics, anthropometrics, socioeconomic status, and health behavior...
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823553/neuro-psychological-pattern-in-patients-suffering-from-primitive-dilated-cardiomyopathy-with-impairment-in-executive-function
#14
Rosa Carbonara, Francesco Giardinelli, Annapaola Zito, Enrico Piccinelli, Pietro Scicchitano, Ilaria Dentamaro, Francesca Cortese, Agnese Armenise, Fabio Manca, Maria Fara De Caro, Pietro Nazzaro, Francesco Federico, Andrea Igoren Guaricci, Francesca Laudadio, Massimo Iacoviello, Marco Matteo Ciccone
According to the American Heart Association (AHA) , primitive dilated cardiomyopathy (PDCM) is a "progressive dilation of the left or both ventricles and a depressed contractility in absence of abnormal load conditions ". It evolves in progressive heart-failure. The term "cardiogenic dementia" expresses the intimate connection between heart diseases and cognitive functions. The association between PDCM and the neuropsychological functions is unclear: the main pathophysiological hypotheses are cerebral hypoperfusion and cardiogenic emboli...
November 6, 2016: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819464/toward-validation-of-a-structural-approach-to-conceptualizing-psychopathology-a-special-section-of-the-journal-of-abnormal-psychology
#15
Robert F Krueger, Jennifer L Tackett, Angus MacDonald
Traditionally, psychopathology has been conceptualized in terms of polythetic categories derived from committee deliberations and enshrined in authoritative psychiatric nosologies-most notably the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). As the limitations of this form of classification have become evident, empirical data have been increasingly relied upon to investigate the structure of psychopathology. These efforts have borne fruit in terms of an increasingly consistent set of psychopathological constructs closely connected with similar personality constructs...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819435/far-from-fairness-prejudice-skin-color-and-psychological-functioning-in-asian-americans
#16
Alisia G T T Tran, Hsiu-Lan Cheng, Jason D Netland, Elisa R Miyake
Objectives: We explored the moderating role of observed skin color in the association between prejudice and concurrent and lagged psychological functioning (i.e., depression, ingroup/outgroup psychological connectedness). We further aimed to understand gender differences in these processes. Method: Data from 821 Asian American undergraduate students (57.5% female and 42.5% male) were drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshman. Cross-sectional and longitudinal regression-based moderation models were conducted with PROCESS 2...
November 7, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816699/the-associations-between-body-dissatisfaction-body-figure-self-esteem-and-depressed-mood-in-adolescents-in-the-united-states-and-korea-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#17
Eunsoo Choi, Injae Choi
The perception of one's body image becomes particularly important in adolescence. Body dissatisfaction has been associated with negative psychological functioning, such as self-esteem and depression. Previous findings showed that the decreased self-esteem due to body dissatisfaction explained the association between negative attitude toward body and psychological well-being in different cultural contexts. The present study examined adolescents from the US (N = 1002) and Korea (N = 3993) and replicated and extended the previous findings regarding body dissatisfaction and associated psychological outcomes...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808560/evidence-based-psychological-assessment
#18
Robert F Bornstein
In recent years there has been increasing emphasis on evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP), and as is true in most health care professions, the primary focus of EBPP has been on treatment. Comparatively little attention has been devoted to applying the principles of EBPP to psychological assessment, despite the fact that assessment plays a central role in myriad domains of empirical and applied psychology (e.g., research, forensics, behavioral health, risk management, diagnosis and classification in mental health settings, documentation of neuropsychological impairment and recovery, personnel selection and placement in organizational contexts)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807210/the-social-and-individual-characteristics-of-women-associated-with-engagement-with-multiple-intimate-violent-partners
#19
Sara F Stein, Andrew A Grogan-Kaylor, Maria M Galano, Hannah M Clark, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem with known negative physical and mental health outcomes for women exposed. Studies have shown that with increased violence exposure, there are increased risks of negative outcomes for women. Likewise, chronicity of IPV across multiple partners is linked to more profound psychological suffering than acute exposure. However, little is known about the social- and individual-level characteristics of women that are correlated with engagement with multiple abusive partners...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803264/cross-border-ties-as-sources-of-risk-and-resilience-do-cross-border-ties-moderate-the-relationship-between-migration-related-stress-and-psychological-distress-for-latino-migrants-in-the-united-states
#20
Jacqueline M Torres, Carmela Alcántara, Kara E Rudolph, Edna A Viruell-Fuentes
Few studies have examined the associations between health and the cross-border ties that migrants maintain with their family members in communities of origin. We draw on theory related to social ties, ethnic identity, and mental health to examine cross-border ties as potential moderators of the association between migration-related stress and psychological distress among Latino migrants. Using data from the National Latino and Asian American Survey, we find that remittance sending is associated with significantly lower levels of psychological distress for Cuban migrants, and difficulty visiting home is associated with significantly greater psychological distress for Puerto Rican migrants...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
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