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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326052/self-consistency-in-bicultural-persons-dialectical-self-beliefs-mediate-the-relation-between-identity-integration-and-self-consistency
#1
Rui Zhang, Kimberly A Noels, Richard N Lalonde, S J Salas
Prior research differentiates dialectical (e.g., East Asian) from non-dialectical cultures (e.g., North American and Latino) and attributes cultural differences in self-concept consistency to naïve dialecticism. In this research, we explored the effects of managing two cultural identities on consistency within the bicultural self-concept via the role of dialectical beliefs. Because the challenge of integrating more than one culture within the self is common to biculturals of various heritage backgrounds, the effects of bicultural identity integration should not depend on whether the heritage culture is dialectical or not...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324699/low-vigorous-physical-activity-is-associated-with-increased-adrenocortical-reactivity-to-psychosocial-stress-in-students-with-high-stress-perceptions
#2
Markus Gerber, Sebastian Ludyga, Manuel Mücke, Flora Colledge, Serge Brand, Uwe Pühse
OBJECTIVES: The pathways by which physical activity impacts on participants' health are still not fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond existing research by combining methods from survey-based and experimental stress research, and by examining whether the potential of vigorous physical activity (VPA) to attenuate physiological and psychological stress responses is moderated by participants' subjective stress perception. METHODS: The sample consisted of 42 undergraduate students (M=21...
March 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320870/clinical-considerations-related-to-the-behavioral-manifestations-of-child-maltreatment
#3
Robert D Sege, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Children who have suffered early abuse or neglect may later present with significant health and behavior problems that may persist long after the abusive or neglectful environment has been remediated. Neurobiological research suggests that early maltreatment may result in an altered psychological and physiologic response to stressful stimuli, a response that deleteriously affects the child's subsequent development. Pediatricians can assist caregivers by helping them recognize the abused or neglected child's emotional and behavioral responses associated with child maltreatment and guide them in the use of positive parenting strategies, referring the children and families to evidence-based therapeutic treatment and mobilizing available community resources...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315608/brief-report-neighborhood-disadvantage-and-hair-cortisol-among-older-urban-african-americans
#4
Samuele Zilioli, Richard B Slatcher, Heather Fritz, Jason C Booza, Malcolm P Cutchin
Previous studies have shown that living in poor neighborhoods is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, researchers are now investigating the biological pathways responsible for the deleterious effects of neighborhood disadvantage on health. This study investigated whether neighborhood disadvantage (i.e., a measure of relative neighborhood quality derived by combining social and built environmental conditions) was associated with hair cortisol-a retrospective indicator of long-term hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis activation-and whether this link would be mediated by self-reported neighborhood satisfaction...
March 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301183/the-role-of-age-in-understanding-the-psychological-effects-of-racism-for-african-americans
#5
Tawanda M Greer, Abby Spalding
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to test age as a moderator of the effects of types of racism on psychological symptoms for a sample of 184 African American women. METHOD: We hypothesized that increased age would be associated with greater severity in psychological symptoms in relation to exposure to types of racism. Moderated hierarchical regression analyses were performed to test our hypothesis. RESULTS: Findings revealed significant interactions between institutional racism and age in predicting anxiety...
March 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291263/circumcision-does-not-alter-long-term-glucocorticoids-accumulation-or-psychological-effects-associated-with-trauma-and-stressor-related-disorders
#6
E Ullmann, J Licinio, A Barthel, K Petrowski, B Oratovski, T Stalder, C Kirschbaum, S R Bornstein
Male infants and boys through early adolescence can undergo circumcision either for the sake of upholding religious traditions or for medical reasons. According to both, Jewish as well as Islamic tenets, circumcision is a religious rite symbolizing the bond with God. The World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Council (UNC) as well as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) strongly recommend circumcision to promote hygiene and prevent disease...
March 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277038/has-growth-mixture-modeling-improved-our-understanding-of-how-early-change-predicts-psychotherapy-outcome
#7
Andrew Koffmann
OBJECTIVE: Early change in psychotherapy predicts outcome. Seven studies have used growth mixture modeling [GMM; Muthén, B. (2001). Second-generation structural equation modeling with a combination of categorical and continuous latent variables: New opportunities for latent class-latent growth modeling. In L. M. Collins & A. G. Sawyers (Eds.), New methods for the analysis of change (pp. 291-322). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association] to identify patient classes based on early change but have yielded conflicting results...
March 2, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271380/the-flip-side-of-niftp-an-increase-in-rates-of-unfavorable-histologic-parameters-in-the-remainder-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinomas
#8
Kristine S Wong, Kyle C Strickland, Trevor E Angell, Matthew A Nehs, Erik K Alexander, Edmund S Cibas, Jeffrey F Krane, Brooke E Howitt, Justine A Barletta
The term noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) was recently proposed to replace noninvasive follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) both to promote more conservative management of these tumors and spare patients the psychological burden of a cancer diagnosis. This reclassification will lower the incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In addition, it could result in an increase in the rates of unfavorable histologic prognosticators for PTC overall because NIFTPs had previously accounted for many of the PTCs without these features...
March 7, 2017: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265246/discrimination-and-psychological-distress-gender-differences-among-arab-americans
#9
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Despite the existing knowledge on the association between discrimination and poor mental health, very few studies have explored gender differences in this association in Arab Americans. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate whether gender moderates the association between the experience of discrimination and psychological distress in a representative sample of Arab Americans in Michigan. METHODS: Using data from the Detroit Arab American Study (DAAS), 2003, this study recruited Arab Americans (337 males, 385 females) living in Michigan, United States...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263654/the-termination-phase-therapists-perspective-on-the-therapeutic-relationship-and-outcome
#10
Avantika Bhatia, Charles J Gelso
The termination phase of treatment is recognized as a significant aspect of the therapy process and yet remains vastly understudied in psychotherapy literature. In the present study, therapists' perspectives were used to examine how 3 elements of the therapy relationship (working alliance, real relationship, and transference) during the termination phase relate to perceived client sensitivity to loss, termination phase evaluation, and overall treatment outcome. Self-report data were gathered from 233 therapists, recruited from 2 Divisions of the American Psychological Association...
March 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252569/comt-val158met-polymorphism-and-symptom-improvement-following-a-cognitively-focused-intervention-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#11
Claire J Han, Ruth Kohen, Sangeun Jun, Monica E Jarrett, Kevin C Cain, Robert Burr, Margaret M Heitkemper
BACKGROUND: Our nurse-delivered comprehensive self-management (CSM) program, a cognitive behavioral therapy intervention, is effective in reducing gastrointestinal and psychological distress symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Findings from non-IBS studies indicate that the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism may moderate the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy. It is unknown whether this COMT polymorphism is associated with symptom improvements in patients with IBS...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249865/stress-and-coping-of-critical-care-nurses-after-unsuccessful-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#12
Dawn E McMeekin, Ronald L Hickman, Sara L Douglas, Carol G Kelley
BACKGROUND: Participation by a critical care nurse in an unsuccessful resuscitation can create a unique heightened level of psychological stress referred to as postcode stress, activation of coping behaviors, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationships among postcode stress, coping behaviors, and PTSD symptom severity in critical care nurses after experiencing unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitations and to see whether institutional support attenuates these repeated psychological traumas...
March 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242512/evaluation-of-a-cross-cultural-training-program-for-pakistani-educators-lessons-learned-and-implications-for-program-planning
#13
Rebecca Mazur, Rebecca H Woodland
In this paper, we share the results of a summative evaluation of PEILI, a US-based adult professional development/training program for secondary school Pakistani teachers. The evaluation was guided by the theories of cultural competence (American Psychological Association, 2003; Bamberger, 1999; Wadsworth, 2001) and established frameworks for the evaluation of professional development/training and instructional design (Bennett, 1975; Guskey, 2002; King, 2014; Kirkpatrick, 1967). The explicit and implicit stakeholder assumptions about the connections between program resources, activities, outputs, and outcomes are described...
February 20, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241490/neighborhood-safety-and-major-depressive-disorder-in-a-national-sample-of-black-youth-gender-by-ethnic-differences
#14
Shervin Assari, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
Adolescence is a developmental period marked by increased stress, especially among Black youth. In addition to stress related to their developmental transition, social factors such as a perceived unsafe neighborhood impose additional risks. We examined gender and ethnic differences in the association between perceived neighborhood safety and major depressive disorder (MDD) among a national sample of Black youth. We used data from the National Survey of American Life - Adolescents (NSAL-A), 2003-2004. In total, 1170 Black adolescents entered the study...
February 23, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241025/economic-evaluation-of-a-guided-and-unguided-internet-based-cbt-intervention-for-major-depression-results-from-a-multi-center-three-armed-randomized-controlled-trial-conducted-in-primary-care
#15
Pablo Romero-Sanchiz, Raquel Nogueira-Arjona, Antonio García-Ruiz, Juan V Luciano, Javier García Campayo, Margalida Gili, Cristina Botella, Rosa Baños, Adoración Castro, Yolanda López-Del-Hoyo, Mª Ángeles Pérez Ara, Marta Modrego-Alarcón, Fermín Mayoral Cleríes
Depression is one of the most common mental disorders and will become one of the leading causes of disability in the world. Internet-based CBT programs for depression have been classified as "well established" following the American Psychological Association criteria for empirically supported treatments. The aim of this study is to analyze the cost effectiveness at 12-month follow-up of the Internet-based CBT program "Smiling is fun" with (LITG) and without psychotherapist support (TSG) compared to usual care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240918/distress-disclosure-and-psychological-functioning-among-taiwanese-nationals-and-european-americans-the-moderating-roles-of-mindfulness-and-nationality
#16
Jeffrey H Kahn, Meifen Wei, Jenny C Su, Suejung Han, Agnes Strojewska
Research using Western samples shows that talking about unpleasant emotions-distress disclosure-is associated with fewer psychological symptoms and higher well-being. These benefits of distress disclosure may or may not be observed in East Asia where emotional control is valued. Instead, mindfulness may be more relevant to emotion regulation in East Asia (e.g., Taiwan). In the present study, cultural context (Taiwanese nationals vs. European Americans) and mindfulness were examined as moderators of the relation between distress disclosure and both depression symptoms and life satisfaction...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221077/stanley-stan-kuczaj-ii-1950-2016
#17
Jennifer Vonk
Presents an obituary for Stanley (Stan) Kuczaj II who passed away suddenly on April 14, 2016 at the age of 65 in his home in Hattiesburg Mississippi. The field of comparative cognition and animal behavior lost a leader, a friend, and a mentor that day. At the time of his passing, Stan was a fellow and the president of the Society for Comparative Psychology and Behavioral Neuroscience, Division 6, of the American Psychological Association (APA). He was also a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, APA's Divisions 3 and 7, and the Psychonomic Society...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221076/lorraine-williams-greene-1950-2016
#18
Guy Seymour, Adrienne Bradford
Presents an obituary for Lorraine Williams Greene who died on February 25, 2016. Lorraine started her professional career as a school psychologist for the Atlanta Public Schools. For the rest of her life, she was involved in her community through her church, her sorority, the Coalition of One Hundred Black Women, and other national and local service organizations. Within the American Psychological Association (APA), Lorraine was active in Division 18, Psychologists in Public Service, first as Chair of the Police and Public Safety Section, then as the division's representative to APA Council, and, in 2016, as President-elect of the Division...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221075/william-r-shadish-1949-2016
#19
Thomas Cook, Kenneth Lichstein
Presents an obituary for William R. Shadish who passed away on March 27, 2016, after a long, arduous battle with prostate cancer. Shadish was a distinguished professor for the University of California, Merced. He was elected president of three organizations: American Evaluation Association (1996), Society for Research Synthesis Methodology (2013), and Society for Multivariate Experimental Psychology (2014), and received numerous national awards. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221072/reflections-on-quagmires-for-clinicians-and-coaches-comment-on-gebhardt-2016
#20
Anthony M Grant
Professional coaching can be considered an example of a postprofessional discipline-a discipline that transcends the traditional boundaries between professional clinical psychology and business consulting and coaching. Not surprisingly, a number of potential quagmires in relation to ethical, educational, and credentialing issues have arisen. However, such tensions present an opportunity to build more solid foundations for the delivery of professional coaching services. A way forward is to more broadly engage with university-level theoretically grounded, coaching-specific educational programs...
February 2017: American Psychologist
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