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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432938/the-role-of-distress-intolerance-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-problematic-alcohol-use-among-latin-american-msm
#1
Katie Wang, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Katie B Biello, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Joshua G Rosenberger, David S Novak, Matthew J Mimiaga
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and its well-documented association with substance use in adulthood, little research has examined the psychological mechanisms underlying this association. The current study utilized a large, multinational sample of MSM in Latin America to examine the role of distress intolerance (i.e., decreased capacity to withstand negative psychological states) in the relationship between childhood sexual abuse history and problematic alcohol use...
April 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431192/a-personal-connection-promoting-positive-attitudes-towards-teaching-and-learning
#2
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Students' attitudes towards teaching and learning must be addressed with the same seriousness and effort as we address content. Establishing a personal connection and addressing our students' basic psychological needs will produce positive attitudes towards teaching and learning and develop life-long learners. It will also promote constructive student-teacher relationships that have a profound influence on our students' approach towards school. To begin this process, consider the major tenets of the Self-Determination Theory...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414591/violence-victimization-social-support-and-papanicolaou-smear-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#3
Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Justin E Heinze, Ian Lang, Ritesh Mistry, Anne Buu, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are among those at greatest risk for experiencing violence victimization. Notably, the mortality rate of cervical cancer for African American women is also twice that of white women. To date, we know of no literature using longitudinal data to examine how violence victimization relates to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results or cervical cancer in this population. Our study examines how violence victimization during adolescence (age 15 to 18) influences psychological distress, perceived social support, heavy substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors during emerging adulthood (age 20 to 23), and subsequent Pap smear outcomes during young adulthood (age 29 to 32)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405962/discrimination-fully-mediates-the-effects-of-incarceration-history-on-depressive-symptoms-and-psychological-distress-among-african-american-men
#4
Shervin Assari, Reuben Jonathan Miller, Robert Joseph Taylor, Dawne Mouzon, Verna Keith, Linda M Chatters
AIM: Using a nationally representative sample of African American men, this study investigated the associations between lifetime history of incarceration, discrimination, and mental health (e.g., depressive symptoms and psychological distress). We hypothesized that discrimination would fully mediate the association between incarceration history and mental health outcomes among African American men. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, our analysis included 1271 African American men who participated in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL), 2001-2003...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394210/validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-internet-gaming-disorder-20-test
#5
Nazir S Hawi, Maya Samaha
In recent years, researchers have been trying to shed light on gaming addiction and its association with different psychiatric disorders and psychological determinants. The latest edition version of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) included in its Section 3 Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as a condition for further empirical study and proposed nine criteria for the diagnosis of IGD. The 20-item Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD-20) Test was developed as a valid and reliable tool to assess gaming addiction based on the nine criteria set by the DSM-5...
April 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394163/longitudinal-profiles-of-eudaimonic-well-being-in-asian-american-adolescents
#6
Lisa Kiang, Edward Ip
OBJECTIVE: The current study explores whether a well-known model (i.e., Ryff's, 1989, conceptualization of psychological functioning) can be used to examine patterns of eudaimonic well-being among Asian Americans, who are rarely the focus of systematic investigations in positive psychology. METHOD: Hidden Markov modeling, a form of latent transition analysis, was used to analyze longitudinal data from adolescents (N = 180; 49% female; 75% U.S.-born). RESULTS: After establishing measurement validity, analyses revealed 4 profiles of well-being: Flourishing (consistently high on all well-being dimensions), Functioning (consistently moderate), Hindered (consistently low), and Self-Driven Success (high on most dimensions, but moderate levels of positive relationships)...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388337/associations-among-psychologically-controlling-parenting-autonomy-relatedness-and-problem-behaviors-during-emerging-adulthood
#7
Francesca Liga, Sonia Ingoglia, Cristiano Inguglia, Alida Lo Coco, Maria Grazia Lo Cricchio, Pasquale Musso, Charissa Cheah, Laura Rose, Mindy R Gutow
The present study aimed to investigate the relations among perceived parental psychological control (PPC), autonomy and relatedness, and negative outcomes during emerging adulthood in two cultural contexts: Italy and the USA. More specifically, we explored the mechanisms through which dependency-oriented PPC (DPPC) and achievement-oriented PPC (APPC) are associated with both internalizing and externalizing difficulties, focusing on the mediating role of autonomy and relatedness. Participants were 418 European-American and 359 Italian college students...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384513/psychological-treatments-for-mental-disorders-in-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-of-leading-international-organizations
#8
REVIEW
Juan Antonio Moriana, Mario Gálvez-Lara, Jorge Corpas
Most mental health services throughout the world currently regard evidence-based psychological treatments as best practice for the treatment of mental disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze evidence-based treatments drawn from RCTs, reviews, meta-analyses, guides, and lists provided by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), Division 12 (Clinical Psychology) of the American Psychological Association (APA), Cochrane and the Australian Psychological Society (APS) in relation to mental disorders in adults...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383973/psychology-of-terrorism-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#9
John G Horgan
Despite the extraordinary social and political consequences often associated with terrorist violence, as well as our responses to it, psychological research on terrorist behavior is conspicuously underdeveloped. This special issue of American Psychologist presents a series of articles that showcase new conceptual, theoretical, and empirical advances in our understanding of terrorism. In doing so, it seeks to not merely summarize recent accomplishments, but to highlight the immense value of explicitly psychological research on these issues, far more of which is called for to realize the potential for informing solutions...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377196/emotion-socialization-as-a-predictor-of-physiological-and-psychological-responses-to-stress
#10
Jinhong Guo, Sylvie Mrug, David C Knight
Reactivity patterns to acute stress are important indicators of physical and mental health. However, the relationships between emotion socialization and stress responses are not well understood. This study aimed to examine whether parental responses to negative emotions predicted physiological and psychological responses to acute stress in late adolescence and emerging adulthood, and whether these relationships varied by gender and ethnicity. Participants were 973 individuals (mean age=19.20years; 50% male; 63% African American, 34% European American) who reported on parental emotion socialization...
April 3, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366601/identifying-barriers-to-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-after-completion-of-an-accredited-education-program
#11
Chris M Gildea, Wendy M Lantaff, Nicole L Olenik
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify patient-perceived barriers to achieving A1C targets after receiving instruction in an accredited diabetes education program. DESIGN: Qualitative research using semistructured interviews and thematic analyses. SETTING: One pharmacist-run diabetes center located within an independent community pharmacy in a suburban region of southern Indiana. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 17 participants between the ages of 41-78 were interviewed in March and April 2016...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341949/complications-and-outcomes-after-gynecomastia-surgery-analysis-of-204-pediatric-and-1583-adult-cases-from-a-national-multi-center-database
#12
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jeffrey D Friedman, Anthony Echo
BACKGROUND: Gynecomastia is a common disease that is prevalent across all age groups of boys and men. Although benign in nature, it can lead to psychological and social distress, prompting affected patients to seek medical attention. Management strategies include observation and drug therapy, yet surgical procedures remain the hallmark of treatment. The goal of this study was to analyze patient demographics, outcomes, and complication rates of gynecomastia surgery in a large multi-institutional cohort...
March 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326052/self-consistency-in-bicultural-persons-dialectical-self-beliefs-mediate-the-relation-between-identity-integration-and-self-consistency
#13
Rui Zhang, Kimberly A Noels, Richard N Lalonde, S J Salas
Prior research differentiates dialectical (e.g., East Asian) from non-dialectical cultures (e.g., North American and Latino) and attributes cultural differences in self-concept consistency to naïve dialecticism. In this research, we explored the effects of managing two cultural identities on consistency within the bicultural self-concept via the role of dialectical beliefs. Because the challenge of integrating more than one culture within the self is common to biculturals of various heritage backgrounds, the effects of bicultural identity integration should not depend on whether the heritage culture is dialectical or not...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324699/low-vigorous-physical-activity-is-associated-with-increased-adrenocortical-reactivity-to-psychosocial-stress-in-students-with-high-stress-perceptions
#14
Markus Gerber, Sebastian Ludyga, Manuel Mücke, Flora Colledge, Serge Brand, Uwe Pühse
OBJECTIVES: The pathways by which physical activity impacts on participants' health are still not fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond existing research by combining methods from survey-based and experimental stress research, and by examining whether the potential of vigorous physical activity (VPA) to attenuate physiological and psychological stress responses is moderated by participants' subjective stress perception. METHODS: The sample consisted of 42 undergraduate students (M=21...
March 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320870/clinical-considerations-related-to-the-behavioral-manifestations-of-child-maltreatment
#15
Robert D Sege, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Children who have suffered early abuse or neglect may later present with significant health and behavior problems that may persist long after the abusive or neglectful environment has been remediated. Neurobiological research suggests that early maltreatment may result in an altered psychological and physiologic response to stressful stimuli, a response that deleteriously affects the child's subsequent development. Pediatricians can assist caregivers by helping them recognize the abused or neglected child's emotional and behavioral responses associated with child maltreatment and guide them in the use of positive parenting strategies, referring the children and families to evidence-based therapeutic treatment and mobilizing available community resources...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315608/brief-report-neighborhood-disadvantage-and-hair-cortisol-among-older-urban-african-americans
#16
Samuele Zilioli, Richard B Slatcher, Heather Fritz, Jason C Booza, Malcolm P Cutchin
Previous studies have shown that living in poor neighborhoods is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, researchers are now investigating the biological pathways responsible for the deleterious effects of neighborhood disadvantage on health. This study investigated whether neighborhood disadvantage (i.e., a measure of relative neighborhood quality derived by combining social and built environmental conditions) was associated with hair cortisol-a retrospective indicator of long-term hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis activation-and whether this link would be mediated by self-reported neighborhood satisfaction...
March 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301183/the-role-of-age-in-understanding-the-psychological-effects-of-racism-for-african-americans
#17
Tawanda M Greer, Abby Spalding
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to test age as a moderator of the effects of types of racism on psychological symptoms for a sample of 184 African American women. METHOD: We hypothesized that increased age would be associated with greater severity in psychological symptoms in relation to exposure to types of racism. Moderated hierarchical regression analyses were performed to test our hypothesis. RESULTS: Findings revealed significant interactions between institutional racism and age in predicting anxiety...
March 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291263/circumcision-does-not-alter-long-term-glucocorticoids-accumulation-or-psychological-effects-associated-with-trauma-and-stressor-related-disorders
#18
E Ullmann, J Licinio, A Barthel, K Petrowski, B Oratovski, T Stalder, C Kirschbaum, S R Bornstein
Male infants and boys through early adolescence can undergo circumcision either for the sake of upholding religious traditions or for medical reasons. According to both, Jewish as well as Islamic tenets, circumcision is a religious rite symbolizing the bond with God. The World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Council (UNC) as well as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) strongly recommend circumcision to promote hygiene and prevent disease...
March 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277038/has-growth-mixture-modeling-improved-our-understanding-of-how-early-change-predicts-psychotherapy-outcome
#19
Andrew Koffmann
OBJECTIVE: Early change in psychotherapy predicts outcome. Seven studies have used growth mixture modeling [GMM; Muthén, B. (2001). Second-generation structural equation modeling with a combination of categorical and continuous latent variables: New opportunities for latent class-latent growth modeling. In L. M. Collins & A. G. Sawyers (Eds.), New methods for the analysis of change (pp. 291-322). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association] to identify patient classes based on early change but have yielded conflicting results...
March 2, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271380/the-flip-side-of-niftp-an-increase-in-rates-of-unfavorable-histologic-parameters-in-the-remainder-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinomas
#20
Kristine S Wong, Kyle C Strickland, Trevor E Angell, Matthew A Nehs, Erik K Alexander, Edmund S Cibas, Jeffrey F Krane, Brooke E Howitt, Justine A Barletta
The term noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) was recently proposed to replace noninvasive follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) both to promote more conservative management of these tumors and spare patients the psychological burden of a cancer diagnosis. This reclassification will lower the incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In addition, it could result in an increase in the rates of unfavorable histologic prognosticators for PTC overall because NIFTPs had previously accounted for many of the PTCs without these features...
March 7, 2017: Endocrine Pathology
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