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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453778/-i-m-happy-to-own-my-implicit-biases-public-encounters-with-the-implicit-association-test
#1
Jeffery Yen, Kevin Durrheim, Romin W Tafarodi
The implicit association test (IAT) and concept of implicit bias have significantly influenced the scientific, institutional, and public discourse on racial prejudice. In spite of this, there has been little investigation of how ordinary people make sense of the IAT and the bias it claims to measure. This article examines the public understanding of this research through a discourse analysis of reactions to the IAT and implicit bias in the news media. It demonstrates the ways in which readers interpreted, related to, and negotiated the claims of IAT science in relation to socially shared and historically embedded concerns and identities...
February 16, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453748/social-distance-in-lithuanian-psychology-and-social-work-students-and-professionals
#2
Aiste Pranckeviciene, Kristina Zardeckaite-Matulaitiene, Rasa Marksaityte, Aukse Endriulaitiene, Douglas R Tillman, David D Hof
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aimed to compare desire for social distance from people with mental illness in the disciplines of social work and psychology, and among students and professionals having different professional experience. METHODS: 948 respondents (715 students and 233 professionals) from Lithuanian educational and mental health-care institutions participated in an anonymous survey. Social distance was measured using Lithuanian Social Distance Scale which was created for this study...
February 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453507/interprofessional-education-opportunities-and-challenges-for-psychology
#3
Wendy Ward, Alexandra Zagoloff, Cortney Rieck, William Robiner
This manuscript is an outgrowth of an invited panel presentation at the national Association for Psychologists in Academic Health Centers Conference in 2017 on Interprofessional Education (IPE). IPE is a structured and transformative educational strategy designed to provide active learning experiences where trainees from diverse healthcare professions gain shared content knowledge plus collaboration skills as they learn about, from, and with each other. Collaboration skills include understanding professional role distinctions and overlap, effective team-based communication, shared values/ethics and respect for each other's expertise, and teamwork dynamics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451924/late-effects-awareness-website-for-pediatric-survivors-of-acute-lymphocytic-leukemia
#4
Hillary Klonoff-Cohen, Ana Navarro, Elizabeth A Klonoff
OBJECTIVES: Every day 43 children are newly diagnosed with cancer. Fortunately, almost 90% of these childhood cancer patients will survive. However, 60-90% of these survivors will experience late effects, health problems that occur months or years after treatment has ended. Late effects could occur as a result of the disease, its treatment, and patient-related factors. The two main objectives of this research are to: 1) Examine the existence of all web-based resources for childhood cancer survivors with acute lymphocytic leukemia which focus on medical and psychological aspects of late effects, and 2) Create an innovative website specifically designed to fill this void...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450797/cultural-considerations-for-psychologists-in-primary-care
#5
Adeya Richmond, Jessica Jackson
Many health concerns in the United States (e.g., diabetes) are routinely managed in primary care settings. Regardless of the medical condition, patients' health is directly influenced by factors such as healthcare providers and cultural background. Training related to how behaviors influence health, coupled with training on how cultural diversity intersects with mental health, allows psychologists to have the relevant expertise to assist in the development of primary care behavioral health interventions. However, many psychologists in primary care struggle with how to integrate a culture-centered paradigm into their roles as behavioral health providers...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450795/ethics-and-confidentiality-for-psychologists-in-academic-health-centers
#6
Kathleen Ashton, Amy Sullivan
Psychologists in academic health centers (AHC) face important ethical issues including confidentiality when working with a multidisciplinary team, sharing of information through the electronic health record, obtaining informed consent in a fast-paced healthcare environment, cultural competency in the medical setting, and issues related to supervision and training. The goal of this paper is to describe ethical issues for psychologists in AHCs in the context of case examples, and to consider ethical decision-making tools to enhance clinical care...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450793/the-quality-of-response-time-data-inference-a-blinded-collaborative-assessment-of-the-validity-of-cognitive-models
#7
Gilles Dutilh, Jeffrey Annis, Scott D Brown, Peter Cassey, Nathan J Evans, Raoul P P P Grasman, Guy E Hawkins, Andrew Heathcote, William R Holmes, Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Colin N Kupitz, Fábio P Leite, Veronika Lerche, Yi-Shin Lin, Gordon D Logan, Thomas J Palmeri, Jeffrey J Starns, Jennifer S Trueblood, Leendert van Maanen, Don van Ravenzwaaij, Joachim Vandekerckhove, Ingmar Visser, Andreas Voss, Corey N White, Thomas V Wiecki, Jörg Rieskamp, Chris Donkin
Most data analyses rely on models. To complement statistical models, psychologists have developed cognitive models, which translate observed variables into psychologically interesting constructs. Response time models, in particular, assume that response time and accuracy are the observed expression of latent variables including 1) ease of processing, 2) response caution, 3) response bias, and 4) non-decision time. Inferences about these psychological factors hinge upon the validity of the models' parameters...
February 15, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449760/pediatric-psychologists-career-satisfaction-2015-society-of-pediatric-psychology-workforce-survey-results
#8
Marisa E Hilliard, Cheryl Brosig, Andre A A Williams, Jessica Valenzuela, Astrida Kaugars, Paul M Robins, Peggy Christidis, Karen E Stamm, Tim Wysocki
Little is known about the career satisfaction of pediatric psychologists, who specialize in psychological research, teaching, and clinical service in the context of pediatric healthcare. As part of the larger Society of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey and in collaboration with the American Psychological Association Center for Workforce Studies, this study aimed to: (1) describe the career domains which pediatric psychologists perceive to be important and their satisfaction in each domain, and (2) compare satisfaction of pediatric psychologists across work settings, number of positions, appointment duration, professional roles, career stage, academic rank, and gender...
December 2017: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447625/predicting-help-seeking-behavior-the-impact-of-knowing-someone-close-who-has-sought-help
#9
David J Disabato, Jerome L Short, Diane M Lameira, Karen D Bagley, Stephanie J Wong
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to replicate and extend research on social facilitators of college student's help seeking for psychological problems. PARTICIPANTS: We collected data on 420 ethnically diverse college students at a large public university (September 2008 - May 2010). METHODS: Students completed a cross-sectional online survey. RESULTS: We found that students who were aware of close others' (e.g., family, friends) help seeking were two times more likely to have sought formal (e...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447588/psychotherapy-termination-practices-with-older-adults-impact-of-patient-and-therapist-characteristics
#10
Daniel J Sullivan, Patricia Zeff, Richard A Zweig
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to survey clinicians' opinions regarding psychotherapy practices in mutual termination with a specified population (depressed older adult outpatients) and to examine the patient and therapist characteristics that may influence such practices. METHODS: We surveyed psychologists' (N = 96) psychotherapy termination practices, using a hypothetical depressed older adult as a referent, to assess consensus on the appropriateness of various guidelines to termination and to examine whether these differ as a function of patient and therapist characteristics...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446512/nursing-staff-led-behavioural-group-intervention-in-psychiatric-in-patient-care-patient-and-staff-experiences
#11
Johanna Salberg, Fredrik Folke, Lisa Ekselius, Caisa Öster
A promising intervention in mental health in-patient care is behavioural activation (BA). Interventions based on BA can be used by mental health nurses and other staff members. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' and staff members' experiences of a nursing staff-led behavioural group intervention in mental health in-patient care. The intervention was implemented at three adult acute general mental health in-patient wards in a public hospital setting in Sweden. A self-administrated questionnaire, completed by 84 patients and 34 nurses and nurse assistants, was administered, and nonparametric data analysed using descriptive statistics...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444479/prevalence-and-correlates-of-burnout-in-health-professionals-in-ecuador
#12
Marina R Ramírez, Patricia Otero, Vanessa Blanco, Mercy P Ontaneda, Olga Díaz, Fernando L Vázquez
BACKGROUND: Although burnout is a widespread phenomenon among healthcare professionals, there are no studies about its prevalence in Ecuador. This study assesses the prevalence of burnout syndrome among Ecuadorian healthcare professionals and examine the relationship with their personal and organizational characteristics. METHODS: A total of 2404 healthcare professionals (average age 40.0years; 68.4% women) from the capitals of all 24 provinces in Ecuador participated in this study...
December 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442218/revisiting-the-depleted-self
#13
Reggie Abraham
This article revisits Donald Capps's book The Depleted Self (The depleted self: sin in a narcissistic age. Fortress Press, Minneapolis, 1993), which grew out of his 1990 Schaff Lectures at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. In these lectures Capps proposed that the theology of guilt had dominated much of post-Reformation discourse. But with the growing prevalence of the narcissistic personality in the late twentieth century, the theology of guilt no longer adequately expressed humanity's sense of "wrongness" before God...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437270/clinicians-attitudes-and-approaches-to-evaluating-the-potential-living-kidney-donor-recipient-relationship-an-interview-study
#14
Angelique F Ralph, Phyllis Butow, Jonathan C Craig, Jeremy R Chapman, John S Gill, John Kanellis, Allison Tong
AIM: Careful assessment of the potential donor-recipient relationship is recommended by guidelines to prevent undue coercion, and ensure realistic expectations and genuine motivations. However, relationships are complex, nuanced and value-laden, and can be challenging to evaluate in living kidney donation. We aimed to describe the attitudes and approaches of transplant clinicians towards assessing the relationship between potential living kidney donors and their recipients. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 54 transplant clinicians (nephrologists, surgeons, coordinators, social workers, psychiatrists and psychologists) from 32 transplant centres across nine countries including Australia, United States, Canada and New Zealand...
February 13, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433613/joining-psychiatric-care-and-faith-healing-in-a-prayer-camp-in-ghana-randomised-trial
#15
A Ofori-Atta, J Attafuah, H Jack, F Baning, R Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Care of people with serious mental illness in prayer camps in low-income countries generates human rights concerns and ethical challenges for outcome researchers. Aims To ethically evaluate joining traditional faith healing with psychiatric care including medications (Clinical trials.gov identifier NCT02593734). METHOD: Residents of a Ghana prayer camp were randomly assigned to receive either indicated medication for schizophrenia or mood disorders along with usual prayer camp activities (prayers, chain restraints and fasting) (n = 71); or the prayer camp activities alone (n = 68)...
January 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433479/tinnitus-services-in-the-united-kingdom-a-survey-of-patient-experiences
#16
Don McFerran, Derek J Hoare, Simon Carr, Jaydip Ray, David Stockdale
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus service provision in the United Kingdom has been investigated from the healthcare provider's perspective demonstrating considerable regional variation particularly regarding availability of psychological treatments. An audiological-based tinnitus service, however, was reportedly available for all tinnitus patients in the UK. The aim of the current study was to define and evaluate nationwide tinnitus healthcare services from the patients' viewpoint. METHODS: Secondary analyses were performed on data from a 33-item questionnaire provided by the British Tinnitus Association...
February 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432397/attitudes-knowledge-and-behaviors-related-to-evidence-based-practice-in-health-professionals-involved-in-pain-management
#17
Vanitha Arumugam, Joy C MacDermid, Dave Walton, Ruby Grewal
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals involved in pain management come from different disciplines, which may have different perspectives and training about evidence-based practice (EBP). A common concern for health professionals is pain management. Understanding how different professions involved in pain management view EBP forms the ideal context to study professional differences in EPP, and how this might influence pain management. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare different professions with respect to knowledge, attitudes and self-reported behavior toward EBP...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431456/forensic-psychology-and-correctional-psychology-distinct-but-related-subfields-of-psychological-science-and-practice
#18
Tess M S Neal
This article delineates 2 separate but related subfields of psychological science and practice applicable across all major areas of the field (e.g., clinical, counseling, developmental, social, cognitive, community). Forensic and correctional psychology are related by their historical roots, involvement in the justice system, and the shared population of people they study and serve. The practical and ethical contexts of these subfields is distinct from other areas of psychology-and from one another-with important implications for ecologically valid research and ethically sound practice...
February 12, 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431185/how-high-schools-become-empowering-communities-a-mixed-method-explanatory-inquiry-into-youth-adult-partnership-and-school-engagement
#19
Shepherd Zeldin, Josset Sky Gauley, Alexandra Barringer, Brie Chapa
Educational reform efforts emphasize empowerment and engagement, but these concepts are rarely translated into policy or classroom practice. This inquiry explores how schools can become places where students take ownership over their own learning. Phase 1 of this inquiry, a survey of students from diverse high schools, examines pathways to school engagement. Results indicated that youth voice in decision-making, particularly when the experience is situated within supportive adult relationships and a sense of safety, significantly predicts emotional and cognitive engagement...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430574/how-the-personalities-of-medical-students-at-the-national-university-of-singapore-differ-from-the-local-non-medical-undergraduate-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Lyn Li Lean, Ryan Yee Shiun Hong, Lian Kah Ti
INTRODUCTION: Integrity and willingness to contribute to society are desired traits of medical students beyond academic excellence. We investigated the personality traits of medical students at the National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore, as they were about to become doctors. Personality traits were compared with a peer population of local university students. METHODS: This study was conducted between October 2013 and December 2014. Year 4 medical students were administered the Revised NEO (Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness) Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R), a 240-item Likert scale personality test...
February 12, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
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