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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691215/perceived-drivers-and-barriers-to-the-adoption-of-emental-health-by-psychologists-the-construction-of-the-levels-of-adoption-of-emental-health-model
#1
Milou A Feijt, Yvonne Aw de Kort, Inge Mb Bongers, Wijnand A IJsselsteijn
BACKGROUND: The internet offers major opportunities in supporting mental health care, and a variety of technology-mediated mental and behavioral health services have been developed. Yet, despite growing evidence for the effectiveness of these services, their acceptance and use in clinical practice remains low. So far, the current literature still lacks a structured insight into the experienced drivers and barriers to the adoption of electronic mental health (eMental health) from the perspective of clinical psychologists...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689319/experiences-of-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-while-using-alcohol-and-recreational-drugs-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-ipa-of-semi-structured-interviews
#2
Adam Pastor, Casey L O'Brien, Jessie Teng, Jennifer Conn, Margaret Loh, Lisa Collins, Richard MacIsaac, Yvonne Bonomo
AIMS: Alcohol and recreational drug use is common in young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and may account for increased morbidity and mortality. This study explores the motivations and experiences unique to this population while using alcohol and recreational drugs. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews focusing on substance use were performed with 16 young adults aged 18-35 with T1DM who drink alcohol (at least 50 grams, 5 Australian standard drinks, in a single session) and/or used recreational drugs...
April 21, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688643/-fmr1-premutation-carriers-are-they-really-asymptomatic
#3
REVIEW
Shai Elizur, Michal Berkenstadt, Liat Ries-Levavi, Noah Gruber, Orit Pinhas-Hamiel, Sharon Hassin-Baer, Annick Raas-Rothschild, Hila Raanani, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe, Raoul Orvieto, Yoram Cohen, Lidia Gabis
Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), the most common form of inherited mental retardation, is caused by a trinucleotide repeat expansion (CGG) in the 5'-untranslated region of the Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 (FMR1) gene located at Xq27.3. Patients with fragile X -related mental retardation, carry the full mutation CGG-repeat expansions (>200 CGG repeats), which are generally accompanied by hypermethylation of the promoter region, with the consequent transcriptional silencing of the FMR1 gene and absence of the encoded FMR1 protein (FMRP)...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686938/adapting-and-implementing-a-school-based-resilience-building-curriculum-among-low-income-racial-and-ethnic-minority-students
#4
Roya Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Lauren Marlotte, Ediza Garcia, Hilary Aralis, Patricia Lester, Pia Escudero, Sheryl Kataoka
Although youth are at risk for exposure to adversity and trauma, many youth, especially ethnic and racial minorities, do not have access to mental health care. Resilience-building curriculums can teach important internal resilience skills and provide support to students who may not receive prevention or treatment services. We adapted a resilience curriculum initially used for military-connected youth facing adversities related to parental wartime deployments, to meet the needs of low-income, predominantly racial and ethnic minority students in a large urban school district...
September 2017: Contemporary School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686632/parenting-stress-and-resilience-in-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-in-southeast-asia-a-systematic-review
#5
Kartini Ilias, Kim Cornish, Auretta S Kummar, Miriam Sang-Ah Park, Karen J Golden
Background: This paper aimed to review the literature on the factors associated with parenting stress and resilience among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the South East Asia (SEA) region. Methods: An extensive search of articles in multiple online databases (PsycNET, ProQuest, PudMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) resulted in 28 papers that met the inclusion criteria (i.e., conducted in the SEA region, specific to ASD only, published in a peer-reviewed journal, full text in English)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684230/effective-palliative-care-what-is-involved
#6
REVIEW
Mehak Swami, Amy Allen Case
It is important for oncologists who provide comprehensive cancer care to be familiar with the principles of primary palliative care and interdisciplinary team-based approaches to palliative care. Palliative care is a medical subspecialty that provides specialized care to individuals with serious illnesses, with a primary focus on providing symptom relief, pain management, and relief from psychosocial distress, regardless of diagnosis or prognosis. Ideally, palliative care is provided by a team of physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists, and chaplains...
April 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683555/clinical-obesity-services-in-public-hospitals-in-australia-a-position-statement-based-on-expert-consensus
#7
E Atlantis, N Kormas, K Samaras, P Fahey, P Sumithran, S Glastras, G Wittert, K Fusco, R Bishay, T Markovic, L Ding, K Williams, I Caterson, V Chikani, P Dugdale, J Dixon
We aimed to describe the current state of specialist obesity services for adults with clinically severe obesity in public hospitals in Australia, and to analyse the gap in resources based on expert consensus. We conducted two surveys to collect information about current and required specialist obesity services and resources using open-ended questionnaires. Organizational level data were sought from clinician expert representatives of specialist obesity services across Australia in 2017. Fifteen of 16 representatives of current services in New South Wales (n = 8), Queensland (n = 1), Victoria (n = 2), South Australia (n = 3), and the Australian Capital Territory (n = 1) provided data...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681013/the-effects-of-an-educational-program-for-non-physician-health-care-providers-regarding-fertility-preservation
#8
Emi Takeuchi, Masashi Kato, Kayoko Miyata, Nao Suzuki, Chikako Shimizu, Hiroshi Okada, Naoko Matsunaga, Mariko Shimizu, Natsuko Moroi, Daisuke Fujisawa, Masaru Mimura, Yoko Miyoshi
PURPOSE: The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Clinical Practice guidelines recommend that physicians, nurses, social workers, and other health care providers should be prepared to discuss the risk of infertility with patients. We conducted an educational program for non-physician health care providers regarding fertility preservation and evaluated the effects of the educational program. METHODS: The 4-h educational program consisted of lectures about infertility as a potential risk of cancer treatment, fertility preservation, and psychosocial support...
April 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679128/-activities-without-patient-contact-estimate-of-time-costs-based-on-telephone-interviews-in-eight-psychiatric-hospitals
#9
A Blume, P Brückner-Bozetti, T Steinert
The aim of this pilot study was to estimate the share of working time that staff in psychiatric hospitals theoretically spend on obligatory activities, such as training and further education, organizational and documentation tasks as well as statutory lecturing duties without patient contact. A total of 47 physicians, 39 nurses, 34 psychologists and 35 social workers from eight psychiatric hospitals were interviewed. The results reveal that the theoretically remaining time for direct patient contact is low...
April 20, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677412/gunderkids-design-of-a-clinical-care-management-program-for-parents-with-substance-abuse-and-their-newborn-children-with-a-focus-on-preventing-child-abuse
#10
Ann E Budzak-Garza, Allison L Allmon Dixson, Renee A Holzer, Kaitlin E Lillard-Pierce, Carolynn J Devine
BACKGROUND: In response to an increased need to care for babies born to mothers with substance abuse issues, we developed GunderKids, a care management program that provides integrated medical care beyond standard-of-care, well-child appointments for these socially complex families. METHODS: The program incorporates frequent visits to the pediatrician and the care team, which includes pediatric nurses, a pediatric social worker, and a child psychologist. Enrollment is voluntary...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676601/poor-cognitive-inhibition-predicts-rumination-about-insomnia-in-a-clinical-sample
#11
Andrea Ballesio, Cristina Ottaviani, Caterina Lombardo
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: According to the Cognitive Model of Insomnia disorder, rumination about lack of sleep and its diurnal consequences plays a crucial role in maintaining insomnia. Consolidated evidence shows that rumination is related to poor executive functions, which are cognitive control processes impacted by insomnia. Despite this evidence, no studies so far investigated the relationship between executive functions and rumination in individuals with insomnia. The aim of this pilot study was to cover this gap by investigating whether poor executive functions are associated with rumination in a sample of individuals with a diagnosis of insomnia disorder...
April 20, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674363/study-protocol-on-criterion-validation-of-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-9-and-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-ces-d-screening-tools-among-rural-postnatal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
James January, Moses John Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Screening women for postnatal depression (PND) provides an opportunity to reach undetected cases and enhance pregnancy outcomes. In Zimbabwe, no validation of depression screening tools has been done on postnatal women in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine criterion validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria as the reference standard...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674310/the-interactive-child-distress-screener-development-and-preliminary-feasibility-testing
#13
Sonja March, Jamin Day, Kirsty Zieschank, Michael Ireland
BACKGROUND: Early identification of child emotional and behavioral concerns is essential for the prevention of mental health problems; however, few suitable child-reported screening measures are available. Digital tools offer an exciting opportunity for obtaining clinical information from the child's perspective. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the initial development and pilot testing of the Interactive Child Distress Screener (ICDS). The ICDS is a Web-based screening instrument for the early identification of emotional and behavioral problems in children aged between 5 and 12 years...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672863/feminist-organizing-in-rural-nicaragua-assessing-a-psychosocial-process-to-promote-empowered-solidarity
#14
Anjali Dutt
This study examines a psychosocial process linking women's involvement in a grassroots women's organization with skills and experiences to promote empowered solidarity. Empowered solidarity is described as a process of increasing the sense of connection and capacity to create social transformation among a group of people united by interest in addressing a social issue. Data collected and analyzed for this research were 298 quantitative surveys conducted with two groups of women living in rural Nicaragua. One group of women were members of a grassroots feminist organization, and the other group lived in nearby communities where the organization did not offer programs...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672441/six-month-follow-up-of-the-injured-trauma-survivor-screen-itss-clinical-implications-and-future-directions
#15
Joshua C Hunt, Samantha A Chesney, Karen Brasel, Terri A deRoon-Cassini
BACKGROUND: The Injured Trauma Survivor Screen (ITSS) has been shown to predict PTSD and depression risk at one-month after traumatic injury. This study explored the ability of the ITSS to predict chronic distress after injury, as well as the impact of combining the ITSS with an additional screening measure. METHOD: Patients were enrolled following admission to a Level 1 trauma center. Baseline measurements were collected during initial hospitalization, and follow-up measures were collected an average of 6...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672217/to-boldly-go-where-no-relationship-has-gone-before-commentary-on-interpersonal-relationships-in-the-digital-age
#16
Bradley M Okdie, David R Ewoldsen
Individuals have a need to maintain positive social interactions and with the advent of new media technologies, there are a myriad ways individuals can satisfy this need by engaging socially in mediated (non-face-to-face) communication, hence the need for a special issue on Relationships in the Digital Age. The articles in this special issue reflect the need to answer theoretical questions brought forth by the increased tendency for individuals to create and maintain interpersonal relationships through mediated forms of communication...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672080/testing-the-predictions-of-the-existential-constructivist-theory-of-suicide-in-a-college-student-sample
#17
Jennifer D Lockman, Heather L Servaty-Seib
There is a lack of empirically supported theories explaining suicidal ideation and few theories describe how suicidal ideation can be prevented in the context of normative human development. Rogers (2001) proposed an existential constructivist theory of suicide (ECTS) wherein existential distress and the inability to reconstruct meaning from adverse life events contribute to suicidal ideation. The ECTS includes a distinct focus on meaning reconstruction from adverse life events, which is congruent with existing research on college students and developmental frameworks used by counseling psychologists...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670565/the-efficacy-of-psychological-interventions-for-managing-fatigue-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Aung Zaw Zaw Phyo, Thibaut Demaneuf, Alysha M De Livera, George A Jelinek, Chelsea R Brown, Claudia H Marck, Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, Taylor Mills, Emily O'Kearney, Amalia Karahalios, Tracey J Weiland
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Fatigue is commonly reported by people with MS (PwMS). MS-related fatigue severely affects daily activities, employment, socioeconomic status, and quality of life. Objective: We conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether psychological interventions are effective in managing fatigue in PwMS. Data sources: We performed systematic searches of Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL to identify relevant articles published from database inception to April 5, 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669710/development-of-an-internet-administered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-program-engage-for-parents-of-children-previously-treated-for-cancer-participatory-action-research-approach
#19
Anna Wikman, Laura Kukkola, Helene Börjesson, Martin Cernvall, Joanne Woodford, Helena Grönqvist, Louise von Essen
BACKGROUND: Parenting a child through cancer is a distressing experience, and a subgroup of parents report negative long-term psychological consequences years after treatment completion. However, there is a lack of evidence-based psychological interventions for parents who experience distress in relation to a child's cancer disease after end of treatment. OBJECTIVE: One aim of this study was to develop an internet-administered, cognitive behavior therapy-based, psychological, guided, self-help intervention (ENGAGE) for parents of children previously treated for cancer...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668870/influence-of-social-support-among-employees-on-mental-health-and-work-ability-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-2013-15
#20
Elke Peters, Katja Spanier, Friedrich Michael Radoschewski, Matthias Bethge
Background: The study examined the association of social support with mental health, subjective work ability and psychological consultation. Methods: The cohort study included 1886 German employees (40-54 years) with sickness absence exceeding six weeks in 2012. Postal surveys were carried out in 2013 and 2015. Results: After adjustment for socio-demographic data, work-related characteristics and personality factors, persons with low social support compared to high social support had poorer mental health (b=-4...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
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