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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719140/do-english-mental-health-services-know-whether-they-followed-n-i-c-e-guidelines-with-patients-who-killed-themselves
#1
Jim Geekie, John Read, Julia Renton, Christopher Harrop
Freedom of Information Act requests sent to 51 NHS mental health providers in England showed an average of 20.5 suicides per organization. Only one provider, however, could report how many people that had killed themselves had been offered N.I.C.E. recommended psychological therapy. Information that might prevent suicides is being ignored. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Mental health services need, urgently, to develop data systems that can inform clinical team leaders about gaps in their services to suicidal people in their care Clinical psychologists have a particular responsibility to pressure managers to effectively monitor the provision of evidence-based treatments to suicidal people Trusts and commissioners must be aware of, and rectify, any failings of their services in relation to the prevention of suicide...
July 18, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714730/replicability-and-other-features-of-a-high-quality-science-toward-a-balanced-and-empirical-approach
#2
Eli J Finkel, Paul W Eastwick, Harry T Reis
Finkel, Eastwick, and Reis (2015; FER2015) argued that psychological science is better served by responding to apprehensions about replicability rates with contextualized solutions than with one-size-fits-all solutions. Here, we extend FER2015's analysis to suggest that much of the discussion of best research practices since 2011 has focused on a single feature of high-quality science-replicability-with insufficient sensitivity to the implications of recommended practices for other features, like discovery, internal validity, external validity, construct validity, consequentiality, and cumulativeness...
August 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714705/professional-psychology-in-germany-national-socialism-and-the-second-world-war
#3
Wolfgang Schönpflug
Hundreds of positions for psychologists were established after the National Socialists seized power in 1933. It has accordingly been asserted that professional psychology in Germany experienced significant growth during the National Socialist period. An analysis of archival materials and of a recent collection of biographies indicates otherwise, however. German psychology, in fact, declined because of systematic persecution and a surge of emigration, a deficit that subsequent cohorts were barely able to make up until 1945...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714704/planes-of-phenomenological-experience-the-psychology-of-deafness-as-an-early-example-of-american-gestalt-psychology-1928-1940
#4
Marion A Schmidt
When, in 1928, the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts, opened a psychological research division, it was nothing unusual in a time fascinated with the sciences of education. Yet with its longstanding ties to Northampton's Smith College, the school was able to secure the collaboration of eminent Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, who, in turn, engaged 2 more German-speaking emigrants, Margarete Eberhardt and social psychologist Fritz Heider, and Heider's American wife Grace Moore Heider. This collaboration has seen little attention from historians, who have treated Koffka's and Heider's time in Northampton as a transitory phase...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711110/psychometric-properties-of-the-french-adaptation-of-the-basic-documentation-for-psycho-oncology-po-bado-a-distress-screening-tool
#5
Nena Stadelmaier, Kamel Gana, Yaël Saada, Odile Duguey-Cachey, Bruno Quintard
We translated and adapted the French version of the Basic Documentation for Psycho-Oncology (Po-Bado standard version) and we report its psychometric properties. The Po-Bado is a 12-item documentation instrument that measures psychosocial burden in cancer patients (all types and stages). The intensity of a patient's psychological suffering is evaluated by a health care professional (e.g., doctor, psychologist, nurse) in a semiguided interview. Overall, 252 cancer patients (Mage = 57 years, SD = 12.8 years) participated, completing the Po-Bado during a supportive care consultation following initial diagnosis...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708247/adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-require-specific-support-from-healthcare-professionals
#6
Ida Lindblad, Ann-Charlotte Engström, Charlotte Nylander, Elisabeth Fernell
AIM: Managing type 1 diabetes mellitus requires efficient cognitive and executive skills and adolescents who have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may face specific challenges. This study explored young people's experiences of diabetes treatment and care. METHOD: In a population-based study, comprising 175 patients aged 5-16 years with type 1 diabetes mellitus in two Swedish counties, we found that eight also met criteria for ADHD. Six of these, aged 14...
July 14, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705582/polymorphisms-in-sex-steroid-receptors-from-gene-sequence-to-behavior
#7
REVIEW
Donna L Maney
Sex steroid receptors have received much interest as potential mediators of human behaviors and mental disorders. Candidate gene association studies have identified about 50 genetic variants of androgen and estrogen receptors that correlate with human behavioral phenotypes. Because most of these polymorphisms lie outside coding regions, discerning their effect on receptor function is not straightforward. Thus, although discoveries of associations improve our ability to predict risk, they have not greatly advanced our understanding of underlying mechanisms...
July 10, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704442/health-professionals-perspective-on-the-promotion-of-e-mental-health-apps-in-the-context-of-maternal-depression
#8
Michaela Sprenger, Tobias Mettler, Jorge Osma
OBJECTIVE: Our study focuses on exploring (1) the intention of health professionals to use and recommend e-mental health applications, (2) how this intention of health professionals might be influenced, (3) which group of health professionals might be most accessible to promote e-mental health applications for maternal depression, and (4) for which tasks they rate them to be most useful. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on a questionnaire informed by the theory of planned behavior, we collected 131 responses of U...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704267/effect-of-a-brief-motivational-intervention-in-reducing-alcohol-consumption-in-the-emergency-department-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Cristina Diaz Gomez, Marcus Ngantcha, Nathalie Le Garjean, Nadine Brouard, Muriel Lasbleiz, Mathieu Perennes, François J Kerdiles, Caroline Le Lan, Romain Moirand, Abdelouahab Bellou
BACKGROUND: Introduction to alcohol consumption early in life increases the risk of alcohol dependency and hence motivational interventions are needed in young patients visiting the emergency department (ED). AIM: This study aims to investigate the efficacy of a brief motivational intervention in reducing alcohol consumption among young ED patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a blind randomized controlled trial with follow-up at 3 months...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701902/empathy-related-responding-in-chinese-toddlers-factorial-structure-and-cognitive-contributors
#10
Heqing Huang, Yanjie Su, Jian Jin
The critical role of the second year of life in the development of empathy is well accepted by psychologists. However, the developmental trends of the different components of empathy and the potential factors underlying these components during this critical period remain unclear. Eighty-four Chinese toddlers in the second year of life participated in the present study. Empathy-related responses were observed during three simulated procedures performed by each child's primary caregiver, the experimenter and a baby doll...
May 2017: Infant and Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699818/implementing-brief-dynamic-interpersonal-therapy-dit-in-a-va-medical-center
#11
Cory K Chen, Christine P Ingenito, Michelle M Kehn, Nicole Nehrig, Karen S Abraham
BACKGROUND: Given increasing mental health needs in the VA, identifying strategies to deliver new services is critical. AIMS: This paper describes the process of navigating provider, patient and systems barriers of an initiative to increase choice, access and quality of psychotherapy at the VA by incorporating an evidence-based short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy. METHODS: Brief Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT) was selected as a viable model for implementation...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695458/perceptions-of-success-in-bariatric-surgery-a-nationwide-survey-among-medical-professionals
#12
Shiri Sherf-Dagan, Lihi Schechter, Rita Lapidus, Nasser Sakran, David Goitein, Asnat Raziel
INTRODUCTION: Various definitions for bariatric surgery (BS) success exist, with weight loss and comorbidity resolution outcomes being the most prominent. The study's aim was to compare how various healthcare professionals perceive success in BS. METHODS: A 29-item, 10-point Likert scale online survey was distributed via email to Israeli healthcare professionals involved in the different BS aspects using common national professional organizations. These included bariatric surgeons, dietitians, social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, primary care physicians, gastroenterologists, and nurses...
July 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694675/changes-in-psychosocial-well-being-after-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Renee J Hill, Lindsey C McKernan, Li Wang, Rogelio A Coronado
Objectives: The primary purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program, facilitated by non-psychologist clinicians, for improving psychosocial well-being. A secondary purpose of the current study was to explore the role of self-compassion as a potential underlying factor for improvements in emotional distress. Application of these findings to a physical therapy setting is provided. Methods: One hundred and thirty participants with a variety of medical complaints completed an eight-week MBSR program at Vanderbilt University's Osher Center for Integrative Medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691375/gender-differences-in-preferences-for-psychological-treatment-coping-strategies-and-triggers-to-help-seeking
#14
Louise Liddon, Roger Kingerlee, John A Barry
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence that men and women deal with stress in different ways; for example, a meta-analysis found that women prefer to focus on emotions as a coping strategy more than men do. However, sex differences in preferences for therapy is a subject little explored. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey. METHOD: Participants (115 men and 232 women) were recruited via relevant websites and social media. The survey described therapies and asked participants how much they liked each...
July 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687554/innovative-models-for-providing-clinical-pharmacy-services-to-remote-locations-using-clinical-video-telehealth
#15
Cassie Perdew, Katie Erickson, Jessica Litke
PURPOSE: The use of videoconferencing and other telehealth technologies to expand access to clinical pharmacy services at multiple Veterans Affairs (VA) clinics in rural areas of Alaska and the northwestern United States is described. SUMMARY: Beginning in 2014, clinical pharmacy specialists at a regional VA Telehealth Hub based at Boise VA Medical Center in Idaho have provided telehealth services for 16 clinics. In one telehealth model, a pharmacist and other remotely located primary care team members (a medical provider, a medical support assistant, a social worker, and a psychologist) conduct telehealth visits with veterans located at VA clinics, with support provided by clinic-based nursing staff; this model has been used to improve medication management services for veterans in sparsely populated areas...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686561/-the-concept-of-temperament-and-its-contribution-to-the-understanding-of-the-bipolar-spectrum
#16
I Koufaki, V Polizoidou, K N Fountoulakis
The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,since its foundation by Polybos (4th century B.C.) and the school of Cos, its predominant role in theshaping of the anthropological and humanitarian sciences, until the modern theoretical formulations,such as those proposed by Robert Cloninger and Hagop Akiskal. Secondly, recent literature ispresented, which suggests a strong link of different temperament structures to mental health andpsychopathology...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685272/bayesian-inference-for-psychology-part-ii-example-applications-with-jasp
#17
Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Jonathon Love, Maarten Marsman, Tahira Jamil, Alexander Ly, Josine Verhagen, Ravi Selker, Quentin F Gronau, Damian Dropmann, Bruno Boutin, Frans Meerhoff, Patrick Knight, Akash Raj, Erik-Jan van Kesteren, Johnny van Doorn, Martin Šmíra, Sacha Epskamp, Alexander Etz, Dora Matzke, Tim de Jong, Don van den Bergh, Alexandra Sarafoglou, Helen Steingroever, Koen Derks, Jeffrey N Rouder, Richard D Morey
Bayesian hypothesis testing presents an attractive alternative to p value hypothesis testing. Part I of this series outlined several advantages of Bayesian hypothesis testing, including the ability to quantify evidence and the ability to monitor and update this evidence as data come in, without the need to know the intention with which the data were collected. Despite these and other practical advantages, Bayesian hypothesis tests are still reported relatively rarely. An important impediment to the widespread adoption of Bayesian tests is arguably the lack of user-friendly software for the run-of-the-mill statistical problems that confront psychologists for the analysis of almost every experiment: the t-test, ANOVA, correlation, regression, and contingency tables...
July 6, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684014/the-evolution-of-empathy-research-models-muddles-and-mechanisms
#18
Richard M Frankel
The word empathy enters the English language in 1909, translated incompletely from German by a British-born psychologist interested in introspection. In the ensuing 100+ years, the term has been defined in a range of different ways by researchers and scholars. The biopsychosocial framework developed by George Engel comes closest to capturing empathy as a biological, psychological and social phenomenon. In this paper, I explore the psychological and social/communicative dimensions of empathy. Psychologists ask the question, How does the capacity for empathy vary across individuals? By contrast, interaction scholars ask, How is empathy communicated from one person (a healthcare provider) to another (a sufferer)? A communication focus involves the accuracy and impact of empathic communication as evidenced in a sufferer's response...
May 5, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682712/-this-is-how-we-work-here-informal-logic-and-social-order-in-primary-health-care-services-in-mexico-city
#19
Nayelhi Itandehui Saavedra, Shoshana Berenzon, Jorge Galván
People who work in health care facilities participate in a shared set of tacit agreements, attitudes, habits, and behaviors that contribute to the functioning of those institutions, but that can also cause conflict. This phenomenon has been addressed tangentially in the study of bureaucratic practices in governmental agencies, but it has not been carefully explored in the specific context of public health care centers. To this end, we analyzed a series of encounters among staff and patients, as well as the situations surrounding the services offered, in public primary care health centers in Mexico City, based on Erving Goffman's concepts of social order, encounter, and situation, and on the concepts of formal and informal logic...
July 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682095/the-role-of-the-psychologist-with-disorders-of-consciousness-in-inpatient-pediatric-neurorehabilitation-a-case-series
#20
Sarah Lahey, Cynthia Beaulieu, Karen Sandbach, Angela Colaiezzi, Staci Balkan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The psychologist in an inpatient pediatric neurorehabilitation setting provides a vital role in the assessment, treatment, and management of pediatric patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC). Competencies are drawn from several specialty areas of professional psychology, including rehabilitation psychology, pediatric neuropsychology, and pediatric psychology. This specialized knowledge forms the basis for tailoring assessment and treatment plans specific to the individual brain injury profile, with the goals of enhancing diagnosis, prognosis, and care transition decision...
July 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
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