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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441651/invasive-pneumococcal-infections-in-pediatric-liver-small-bowel-pancreas-transplant-recipients
#1
Hanh D Vo, Diana F Florescu, Cindy R Brown, Heather E Chambers, David F Mercer, Luciano M Vargas, Wendy J Grant, Alan N Langnas, Ruben E Quiros-Tejeira
Children undergoing LSBPTx are at increased risk of IPI due to splenectomy. We aimed to describe the clinical features and outcomes of IPI in pediatric LSBPTx recipients. Between 2008 and 2016, 122 LSBPTx children at our center were retrospectively reviewed. Nine patients had 12 episodes of IPI; the median age at first infection was 3.5 years (range: 1.5-7.1 years). The median time from transplant to first infection was 3 years (range: 0.8-5.8 years). Clinical presentation included as follows: pneumonia (n = 1), bacteremia/sepsis (n = 7), pneumonia with sepsis (n = 1), meningitis with sepsis (n = 2), pneumonia and meningitis with sepsis (n = 1)...
February 13, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437956/spatial-patterns-of-tree-yield-explained-by-endogenous-forces-through-a-correspondence-between-the-ising-model-and-ecology
#2
Andrew E Noble, Todd S Rosenstock, Patrick H Brown, Jonathan Machta, Alan Hastings
Spatial patterning of periodic dynamics is a dramatic and ubiquitous ecological phenomenon arising in systems ranging from diseases to plants to mammals. The degree to which spatial correlations in cyclic dynamics are the result of endogenous factors related to local dynamics vs. exogenous forcing has been one of the central questions in ecology for nearly a century. With the goal of obtaining a robust explanation for correlations over space and time in dynamics that would apply to many systems, we base our analysis on the Ising model of statistical physics, which provides a fundamental mechanism of spatial patterning...
February 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437911/developing-a-core-outcome-set-for-fistulising-perianal-crohn-s-disease
#3
Kapil Sahnan, Phil J Tozer, Samuel O Adegbola, Matthew J Lee, Nick Heywood, Angus G K McNair, Daniel Hind, Nuha Yassin, Alan J Lobo, Steven R Brown, Shaji Sebastian, Robin K S Phillips, Phillip F C Lung, Omar D Faiz, Kay Crook, Sue Blackwell, Azmina Verjee, Ailsa L Hart, Nicola S Fearnhead
OBJECTIVE: Lack of standardised outcomes hampers effective analysis and comparison of data when comparing treatments in fistulising perianal Crohn's disease (pCD). Development of a standardised set of outcomes would resolve these issues. This study provides the definitive core outcome set (COS) for fistulising pCD. DESIGN: Candidate outcomes were generated through a systematic review and patient interviews. Consensus was established via a three-round Delphi process using a 9-point Likert scale based on how important they felt it was in determining treatment success culminating in a final consensus meeting...
February 3, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404417/air-dried-brown-seaweed-ascophyllum-nodosum-alters-the-rumen-microbiome-in-a-manner-that-changes-rumen-fermentation-profiles-and-lowers-the-prevalence-of-foodborne-pathogens
#4
Mi Zhou, Martin Hünerberg, Yanhong Chen, Tim Reuter, Tim A McAllister, Franklin Evans, Alan T Critchley, Le Luo Guan
The use of Tasco (air-dried Ascophyllum nodosum) as a feed supplement for ruminants has been reported to affect rumen fermentation and reduce Escherichia coli O157:H7 shedding in feces, but the mode of action behind this phenomenon is unclear. In this study, the effects of four Tasco levels (0, 1, 3, and 5%) on rumen microbiota and rumen/fecal E. coli O serogroups in rams were investigated. Rumen total bacteria and archaea were linearly reduced (P < 0.001) and protozoa were linearly increased (P < 0...
January 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389750/18f-florbetapir-positron-emission-tomography-determined-cerebral-%C3%AE-amyloid-deposition-and-neurocognitive-performance-after-cardiac-surgery
#5
Rebecca Y Klinger, Olga G James, Salvador Borges-Neto, Tiffany Bisanar, Yi-Ju Li, Wenjing Qi, Miles Berger, Niccolò Terrando, Mark F Newman, P Murali Doraiswamy, Joseph P Mathew, Michael W Weiner, Paul Aisen, Michael Weiner, Paul Aisen, Ronald Petersen, Clifford R Jack, William Jagust, John Q Trojanowki, Arthur W Toga, Laurel Beckett, Robert C Green, Andrew J Saykin, John Morris, Leslie M Shaw, Zaven Khachaturian, Greg Sorensen, Maria Carrillo, Lew Kuller, Marc Raichle, Steven Paul, Peter Davies, Howard Fillit, Franz Hefti, David Holtzman, M Marcel Mesulam, William Potter, Peter Snyder, Adam Schwartz, Robert C Green, Tom Montine, Ronald Petersen, Paul Aisen, Ronald G Thomas, Michael Donohue, Sarah Walter, Devon Gessert, Tamie Sather, Gus Jiminez, Archana B Balasubramanian, Jennifer Mason, Iris Sim, Laurel Beckett, Danielle Harvey, Michael Donohue, Clifford R Jack, Matthew Bernstein, Nick Fox, Paul Thompson, Norbert Schuff, Charles DeCArli, Bret Borowski, Jeff Gunter, Matt Senjem, Prashanthi Vemuri, David Jones, Kejal Kantarci, Chad Ward, William Jagust, Robert A Koeppe, Norm Foster, Eric M Reiman, Kewei Chen, Chet Mathis, Susan Landau, John C Morris, Louis Nigel J Cairns, Erin Franklin, Lisa Taylor-Reinwald, Leslie M Shaw, John Q Trojanowki, Virginia Lee, Magdalena Korecka, Michal Figurski, Arthur W Toga, Karen Crawford, Scott Neu, Andrew J Saykin, Tatiana M Foroud, Steven Potkin, Li Shen, Kelley Faber, Sungeun Kim, Kwangsik Nho, Michael W Weiner, Lean Thal, Zaven Khachaturian, Leon Thal, Neil Buckholtz, Michael W Weiner, Peter J Snyder, William Potter, Steven Paul, Marilyn Albert, Richard Frank, Zaven Khachaturian, John Hsiao, Jeffrey Kaye, Joseph Quinn, Lisa Silbert, Betty Lind, Raina Carter, Sara Dolen, Lon S Schneider, Sonia Pawluczyk, Mauricio Becerra, Liberty Teodoro, Bryan M Spann, James Brewer, Helen Vanderswag, Adam Fleisher, Judith L Heidebrink, Joanne L Lord, Ronald Petersen, Sara S Mason, Colleen S Albers, David Knopman, Kris Johnson, Rachelle S Doody, Javier Villanueva-Meyer, Valory Pavlik, Victoria Shibley, Munir Chowdhury, Susan Rountree, Mimi Dang, Yaakov Stern, Lawrence S Honig, Karen L Bell, Beau Ances, John C Morris, Maria Carroll, Mary L Creech, Erin Franklin, Mark A Mintun, Stacy Schneider, Angela Oliver, Daniel Marson, David Geldmacher, Marissa Natelson Love, Randall Griffith, David Clark, John Brockington, Erik Roberson, Hillel Grossman, Effie Mitsis, Raj C Shah, Leyla deToledo-Morrell, Ranjan Duara, Maria T Greig-Custo, Warren Barker, Marilyn Albert, Chiadi Onyike, Daniel D'Agostino, Stephanie Kielb, Martin Sadowski, Mohammed O Sheikh, Anaztasia Ulysse, Mrunalini Gaikwad, Jeffrey R Petrella, Terence Z Wong, Edward Coleman, Steven E Arnold, Jason H Karlawish, David A Wolk, Christopher M Clark, Charles D Smith, Greg Jicha, Peter Hardy, Partha Sinha, Elizabeth Oates, Gary Conrad, Oscar L Lopez, MaryAnn Oakley, Donna M Simpson, Anton P Porsteinsson, Bonnie S Goldstein, Kim Martin, Kelly M Makino, M Saleem Ismail, Connie Brand, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Kyle Womack, Dana Mathews, Mary Quiceno, Allan I Levey, James J Lah, Janet S Cellar, Jeffrey M Burns, Russell H Swerdlow, William M Brooks, Liana Apostolova, Kathleen Tingus, Ellen Woo, Daniel H S Silverman, Po H Lu, George Bartzokis, Neill R Graff-Radford, Francine Parfitt, Kim Poki-Walker, Martin R Farlow, Ann Marie Hake, Brandy R Matthews, Jared R Brosch, Scott Herring, Christopher H van Dyck, Richard E Carson, Martha G MacAvoy, Pradeep Varma, Howard Chertkow, Howard Bergman, Chris Hosein, Sandra Black, Bojana Stefanovic, Curtis Caldwell, Ging-Yuek, Robin Hsiung, Benita Mudge, Vesna Sossi, Howard Feldman, Michele Assaly, Elizabeth Finger, Stephen Pasternack, Irina Rachisky, Dick Trost, Andrew Kertesz, Charles Bernick, Donna Munic, Marek-Marsel Mesulam, Emily Rogalski, Kristine Lipowski, Sandra Weintraub, Borna Bonakdarpour, Diana Kerwin, Chuang-Kuo Wu, Nancy Johnson, Carl Sadowsky, Teresa Villena, Raymond Scott Turner, Kathleen Johnson, Brigid Reynolds, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Gad Marshall, Jerome Yesavage, Joy L Taylor, Barton Lane, Allyson Rosen, Jared Tinklenberg, Marwan N Sabbagh, Christine M Belden, Sandra A Jacobson, Sherye A Sirrel, Neil Kowall, Ronald Killiany, Andrew E Budson, Alexander Norbash, Patricia Lynn Johnson, Thomas O Obisesan, Saba Wolday, Joanne Allard, Alan Lerner, Paula Ogrocki, Curtis Tatsuoka, Parianne Fatica, Evan Fletcher, Pauline Maillard, John Olichney, Charles DeCarli, Owen Carmichael, Smita Kittur, Michael Borrie, T-Y Lee, Dr Rob Bartha, Sterling Johnson, Sanjay Asthana, Cynthia M Carlsson, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Pierre Tariot, Anna Burke, Ann Marie Milliken, Nadira Trncic, Adam Fleisher, Stephanie Reeder, Vernice Bates, Horacio Capote, Michelle Rainka, Douglas W Scharre, Maria Kataki, Brendan Kelley, Earl A Zimmerman, Dzintra Celmins, Alice D Brown, Godfrey D Pearlson, Karen Blank, Karen Anderson, Laura A Flashman, Marc Seltzer, Mary L Hynes, Robert B Santulli, Kaycee M Sink, Leslie Gordineer, Jeff D Williamson, Pradeep Garg, Franklin Watkins, Brian R Ott, Geoffrey Tremont, Lori A Daiello, Stephen Salloway, Paul Malloy, Stephen Correia, Howard J Rosen, Bruce L Miller, David Perry, Jacobo Mintzer, Kenneth Spicer, David Bachman, Elizabeth Finger, Stephen Pasternak, Irina Rachinsky, John Rogers, Andrew Kertesz, Dick Drost, Nunzio Pomara, Raymundo Hernando, Antero Sarrael, Susan K Schultz, Karen Ekstam Smith, Hristina Koleva, Ki Won Nam, Hyungsub Shim, Norman Relkin, Gloria Chiang, Michael Lin, Lisa Ravdin, Amanda Smith, Balebail Ashok Raj, Kristin Fargher, Michael W Weiner, Paul Aisen, Michael Weiner, Paul Aisen, Ronald Petersen, Robert C Green, Danielle Harvey, Clifford R Jack, William Jagust, John C Morris, Andrew J Saykin, Leslie M Shaw, Arthur W Toga, John Q Trojanowki, Thomas Neylan, Jordan Grafman, Jordan Grafman, Robert C Green, Tom Montine, Michael Weiner, Ronald Petersen, Paul Aisen, Ronald G Thomas, Michael Donohue, Devon Gessert, Tamie Sather, Melissa Davis, Rosemary Morrison, Gus Jiminez, Thomas Neylan, Jacqueline Hayes, Shannon Finely, Danielle Harvey, Michael Donohue, Clifford R Jack, Matthew Bernstein, Bret Borowski, Jeff Gunter, Matt Senjem, Kejal Kantarci, Chad Ward, William Jagust, Robert A Koeppe, Norm Foster, Eric M Reiman, Kewei Chen, Susan Landau, John C Morris, Nigel J Cairns, Erin Householder, Leslie M Shaw, John Q Trojanowki, Virginia Lee, Magdalena Korecka, Michal Figurski, Arthur W Toga, Karen Crawford, Scott Neu, Andrew J Saykin, Tatiana M Foroud, Steven Potkin, Li Shen, Kelley Faber, Sungeun Kim, Kwangsik Nho, Michael W Weiner, Karl Friedl, Lon S Schneider, Sonia Pawluczyk, Mauricio Becerra, James Brewer, Helen Vanderswag, Yaakov Stern, Lawrence S Honig, Karen L Bell, Debra Fleischman, Konstantinos Arfanakis, Raj C Shah, Ranjan Duara, Daniel Varon, Maria T Greig, Jeffrey R Petrella, Anton P Porsteinsson, Bonnie Goldstein, Kimberly S Martin, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Jacobo Mintzer, Dino Massoglia, Olga Brawman-Mintzer, Carl Sadowsky, Walter Martinez, Teresa Villena, William Jagust, Susan Landau, Howard Rosen, David Perry, Raymond Scott Turner, Kelly Behan, Brigid Reynolds, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Gad Marshall, Marwan N Sabbagh, Sandra A Jacobson, Sherye A Sirrel, Thomas O Obisesan, Saba Wolday, Joanne Allard, Sterling C Johnson, J Jay Fruehling, Sandra Harding, Elaine R Peskind, Eric C Petrie, Gail Li, Jerome A Yesavage, Joy L Taylor, Ansgar J Furst, Steven Chao, Norman Relkin, Gloria Chiang, Lisa Ravdin, James A Blumenthal, Jorn A Karhausen, Miklos D Kertai, Mihai V Podgoreanu, Mark Stafford-Smith, Madhav Swaminathan, David S Warner, Bonita L Funk, Narai Balajonda, Rachele Brassard, Mary Cooter, Yanne Toulgoat-Dubois, Peter Waweru, Michael A Babyak, James A Blumenthal, Jeffrey N Browndyke, Kathleen A Welsh-Bohmer, Michael H Sketch, Ellen R Bennett, Carmelo Graffagnino, Daniel T Laskowitz, Warren J Strittmatter, Kevin Collins, Greg Smigla, Ian Shearer, Thomas A D'Amico, Mani A Daneshmand, R Jeffrey G Gaca, Donald D Glower, Jack Haney, R David Harpole, Mathew G Hartwig, G Chad Hughes, Jacob A Klapper, Shu S Lin, Andrew J Lodge, Carmelo A Milano, Ryan P Plichta, Jacob N Schroeder, Peter K Smith, Betty C Tong
BACKGROUND: Amyloid deposition is a potential contributor to postoperative cognitive dysfunction. The authors hypothesized that 6-week global cortical amyloid burden, determined by F-florbetapir positron emission tomography, would be greater in those patients manifesting cognitive dysfunction at 6 weeks postoperatively. METHODS: Amyloid deposition was evaluated in cardiac surgical patients at 6 weeks (n = 40) and 1 yr (n = 12); neurocognitive function was assessed at baseline (n = 40), 6 weeks (n = 37), 1 yr (n = 13), and 3 yr (n = 9)...
February 1, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374498/transfers-from-intensive-care-unit-to-hospital-ward-a-multicentre-textual-analysis-of-physician-progress-notes
#6
Kyla N Brown, Jeanna Parsons Leigh, Hasham Kamran, Sean M Bagshaw, Rob A Fowler, Peter M Dodek, Alexis F Turgeon, Alan J Forster, Francois Lamontagne, Andrea Soo, Henry T Stelfox
BACKGROUND: Little is known about documentation during transitions of patient care between clinical specialties. Therefore, we examined the focus, structure and purpose of physician progress notes for patients transferred from the intensive care unit (ICU) to hospital ward to identify opportunities to improve communication breaks. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in ten Canadian hospitals. We analyzed physician progress notes for consenting adult patients transferred from a medical-surgical ICU to hospital ward...
January 28, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370584/the-size-morphology-site-and-access-score-predicts-critical-outcomes-of-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-in-the-colon
#7
Mayenaaz Sidhu, David J Tate, Lobke Desomer, Gregor Brown, Luke F Hourigan, Eric Y T Lee, Alan Moss, Spiro Raftopoulos, Rajvinder Singh, Stephen J Williams, Simon Zanati, Nicholas Burgess, Michael J Bourke
BACKGROUND:  The SMSA (size, morphology, site, access) polyp scoring system is a method of stratifying the difficulty of polypectomy through assessment of four domains. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of SMSA to predict critical outcomes of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). METHODS:  We retrospectively applied SMSA to a prospectively collected multicenter database of large colonic laterally spreading lesions (LSLs) ≥ 20 mm referred for EMR...
January 25, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367427/high-baseline-levels-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor-1-are-associated-with-progression-of-kidney-disease-in-indigenous-australians-with-diabetes-the-egfr-follow-up-study
#8
Elizabeth L M Barr, Federica Barzi, Jaquelyne T Hughes, George Jerums, Wendy E Hoy, Kerin O'Dea, Graham Jones, Paul D Lawton, Alex D H Brown, Mark Thomas, Elif I Ekinci, Ashim Sinha, Alan Cass, Richard J MacIsaac, Louise J Maple-Brown
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (sTNFR1) levels and kidney disease progression in Indigenous Australians at high risk of kidney disease. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This longitudinal observational study examined participants aged ≥18 years recruited from >20 sites across diabetes and/or kidney function strata. Baseline measures included sTNFR1, serum creatinine, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (uACR), HbA1c, C-reactive protein (CRP), waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, and medical history...
January 24, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366878/trajectories-of-egfr-decline-over-a-four-year-period-in-an-indigenous-australian-population-at-high-risk-of-ckd-the-egfr-follow-up-study
#9
Federica Barzi, Graham R D Jones, Jaquelyne T Hughes, Paul D Lawton, Wendy Hoy, Kerin O'Dea, George Jerums, Richard J MacIsaac, Alan Cass, Louise J Maple-Brown
Being able to estimate kidney decline accurately is particularly important in Indigenous Australians, a population at increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease and end stage kidney disease. The aim of this analysis was to explore the trend of decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) over a four year period using multiple local creatinine measures, compared with estimates derived using centrally-measured enzymatic creatinine and with estimates derived using only two local measures. METHOD: The eGFR study comprised a cohort of over 600 Aboriginal Australian participants recruited from over twenty sites in urban, regional and remote Australia across five strata of health, diabetes and kidney function...
January 20, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364902/marine-biodiversity-at-the-end-of-the-world-cape-horn-and-diego-ram%C3%A3-rez-islands
#10
Alan M Friedlander, Enric Ballesteros, Tom W Bell, Jonatha Giddens, Brad Henning, Mathias Hüne, Alex Muñoz, Pelayo Salinas-de-León, Enric Sala
The vast and complex coast of the Magellan Region of extreme southern Chile possesses a diversity of habitats including fjords, deep channels, and extensive kelp forests, with a unique mix of temperate and sub-Antarctic species. The Cape Horn and Diego Ramírez archipelagos are the most southerly locations in the Americas, with the southernmost kelp forests, and some of the least explored places on earth. The giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera plays a key role in structuring the ecological communities of the entire region, with the large brown seaweed Lessonia spp...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358271/catalogue-of-inherited-disorders-found-among-the-irish-traveller-population
#11
Sally Ann Lynch, Ellen Crushell, Deborah M Lambert, Niall Byrne, Kathleen Gorman, Mary D King, Andrew Green, Siobhan O'Sullivan, Fiona Browne, Joanne Hughes, Ina Knerr, Ahmad A Monavari, Melanie Cotter, Vivienne P M McConnell, Bronwyn Kerr, Simon A Jones, Catriona Keenan, Nuala Murphy, Declan Cody, Sean Ennis, Jackie Turner, Alan D Irvine, Jillian Casey
Background Irish Travellers are an endogamous, nomadic, ethnic minority population mostly resident on the island of Ireland with smaller populations in Europe and the USA. High levels of consanguinity result in many rare autosomal recessive disorders. Due to founder effects and endogamy, most recessive disorders are caused by specific homozygous mutations unique to this population. Key clinicians and scientists with experience in managing rare disorders seen in this population have developed a de facto advisory service on differential diagnoses to consider when faced with specific clinical scenarios...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348731/problems-with-precaution-the-transfusion-medicine-experience
#12
Kumanan Wilson, Katherine M Atkinson, Dean A Fergusson, Adalsteinn Brown, Alan Forster, Malia S Q Murphy, Alan T Tinmouth, Jennifer Keelan
The precautionary principle is a dominant paradigm governing risk-based decision-making. Today, there are increasing pressures to re-examine aggressive precautionary approaches, and to assess how the principle should be applied in the modern system. In this paper, we examined three key applications of precautionary approaches in the field of transfusion medicine to provide insight into the risks and benefits of these approaches. The three case studies examined were the donor deferral policies to safeguard against transfusion transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease, and, lastly, xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus...
2018: Journal of Risk Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331034/effects-of-in-situ-selenium-exposure-and-maternal-transfer-on-survival-and-deformities-of-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-fry
#13
Sean M Covington, Rami B Naddy, Alan L Prouty, Steven A Werner, Mark Dunn Lewis
Offspring of wild adult brown trout exposed to a range of selenium (Se) concentrations were reared in a laboratory setting to primarily assess effects on survival and deformities. Maternal whole body Se concentrations ranged from 4.7 to 22.6 mg/kg dry weight (dw) for wild fish. Corresponding Se concentrations in embryos ranged from 6.2 to 40.3 mg/kg dw. Significant relationships were found between embryo and whole-body tissue concentrations. Increasing egg Se concentrations were correlated with decreasing survival; however, hatch success was not significantly correlated with increasing embryo Se...
January 13, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306872/patterns-and-predictors-of-skin-score-change-in-early-diffuse-systemic-sclerosis-from-the-european-scleroderma-observational-study
#14
Ariane L Herrick, Sebastien Peytrignet, Mark Lunt, Xiaoyan Pan, Roger Hesselstrand, Luc Mouthon, Alan J Silman, Graham Dinsdale, Edith Brown, László Czirják, Jörg H W Distler, Oliver Distler, Kim Fligelstone, William J Gregory, Rachel Ochiel, Madelon C Vonk, Codrina Ancuţa, Voon H Ong, Dominique Farge, Marie Hudson, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Alexandra Balbir-Gurman, Øyvind Midtvedt, Paresh Jobanputra, Alison C Jordan, Wendy Stevens, Pia Moinzadeh, Frances C Hall, Christian Agard, Marina E Anderson, Elisabeth Diot, Rajan Madhok, Mohammed Akil, Maya H Buch, Lorinda Chung, Nemanja S Damjanov, Harsha Gunawardena, Peter Lanyon, Yasmeen Ahmad, Kuntal Chakravarty, Søren Jacobsen, Alexander J MacGregor, Neil McHugh, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Gabriela Riemekasten, Michael Becker, Janet Roddy, Patricia E Carreira, Anne Laure Fauchais, Eric Hachulla, Jennifer Hamilton, Murat İnanç, John S McLaren, Jacob M van Laar, Sanjay Pathare, Susanna M Proudman, Anna Rudin, Joanne Sahhar, Brigitte Coppere, Christine Serratrice, Tom Sheeran, Douglas J Veale, Claire Grange, Georges-Selim Trad, Christopher P Denton
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to use the opportunity provided by the European Scleroderma Observational Study to (1) identify and describe those patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) with progressive skin thickness, and (2) derive prediction models for progression over 12 months, to inform future randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) was recorded every 3 months in 326 patients. 'Progressors' were defined as those experiencing a 5-unit and 25% increase in mRSS score over 12 months (±3 months)...
January 6, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288071/design-and-synthesis-of-a-potent-highly-selective-orally-bioavailable-retinoic-acid-receptor-alpha-agonist
#15
Earl Clarke, Christopher I Jarvis, Maria B Goncalves, S Barret Kalindjian, David R Adams, Jane T Brown, Jason J Shiers, David M A Taddei, Elodie Ravier, Stephanie Barlow, Iain Miller, Vanessa Smith, Alan D Borthwick, Jonathan P T Corcoran
A ligand-based virtual screening exercise examining likely bioactive conformations of AM 580 (2) and AGN 193836 (3) was used to identify the novel, less lipophilic RARα agonist 4-(3,5-dichloro-4-ethoxybenzamido)benzoic acid 5, which has good selectivity over the RARβ, and RARγ receptors. Analysis of the medicinal chemistry parameters of the 3,5-substituents of derivatives of template 5 enabled us to design a class of drug-like molecules with lower intrinsic clearance and higher oral bioavailability which led to the novel RARα agonist 4-(3-chloro-4-ethoxy-5-isopropoxybenzamido)-2-methylbenzoic acid 56 that has high RARα potency and excellent selectivity versus RARβ (2 orders of magnitude) and RARγ (4 orders of magnitude) at both the human and mouse RAR receptors with improved drug-like properties...
December 9, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278809/replication-and-extension-of-long-term-implicit-memory-perceptual-priming-but-conceptual-cessation
#16
David B Mitchell, Corwin L Kelly, Alan S Brown
We endeavored to replicate Mitchell's (2006) finding of 17-year implicit memory priming. Subjects saw word and picture stimuli in 1999-2000 (M age = 18.9) and were retested after 11-14 years (M = 13.2; M age = 32.1). Via the internet, they completed four implicit memory tasks: picture fragment identification, word fragment completion, word stem completion, and category exemplar generation. Relative to control subjects (matched on stimuli, age, and education), longitudinal subjects revealed priming on picture and word fragment identification (perceptual tasks), but no priming on word stem completion or category exemplar generation (conceptual tasks)...
December 23, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248746/research-priorities-for-the-discovery-of-a-cure-for-chronic-hepatitis-b-report-of-a-workshop
#17
REVIEW
Timothy M Block, Harvey Alter, Nathaniel Brown, Alan Brownstein, Carol Brosgart, Kyong-Mi Chang, Pei-Jer Chen, Chari Cohen, Hashem El-Serag, Jordan Feld, Robert Gish, Jeffrey Glenn, Tim F Greten, Juo-Tao Guo, Yujin Hoshida, Kris V Kowdley, Wenhui Li, Anna S Lok, Brian McMahon, Anand Mehta, Robert Perrillo, Charles M Rice, JoAnn Rinaudo, Raymond F Schinazi, Kirti Shetty
In early 2017, the Hepatitis B Foundation invited 30 experts in the fields of hepatitis B and liver cancer research to identify projects they deemed important to the goal of finding a cure for chronic hepatitis B and D and the diseases with which these viral infections are associated. They were also asked to identify general categories of research and to prioritize sub-project topics within those areas. The experts generally agreed on broadly defined areas of research, but there was usually little difference between the highest and lowest scoring projects; for the most part, all programs described in this document were considered valuable and necessary...
February 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230475/improving-decisions-about-transport-to-the-emergency-department-for-assisted-living-residents-who-fall
#18
Jefferson G Williams, Michael W Bachman, Michael D Lyons, Benjamin B Currie, Lawrence H Brown, A Wooten Jones, Jose G Cabanas, Alan K Kronhaus, J Brent Myers
Background: Residents of assisted living facilities who fall may not be seriously ill or injured, but policies often require immediate transport to an emergency department regardless of the patient's condition. Objective: To determine whether unnecessary transport can be avoided. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: One large county with a single system of emergency medical services. Participants: Convenience sample of residents in 22 assisted living facilities served by 1 group of primary care physicians...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207002/disability-fatigue-pain-and-their-associates-in-early-diffuse-cutaneous-systemic-sclerosis-the-european-scleroderma-observational-study
#19
Sébastien Peytrignet, Christopher P Denton, Mark Lunt, Roger Hesselstrand, Luc Mouthon, Alan Silman, Xiaoyan Pan, Edith Brown, László Czirják, Jörg H W Distler, Oliver Distler, Kim Fligelstone, William J Gregory, Rachel Ochiel, Madelon Vonk, Codrina Ancuta, Voon H Ong, Dominique Farge, Marie Hudson, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Alexandra Balbir-Gurman, Øyvind Midtvedt, Alison C Jordan, Wendy Stevens, Pia Moinzadeh, Frances C Hall, Christian Agard, Marina E Anderson, Elisabeth Diot, Rajan Madhok, Mohammed Akil, Maya H Buch, Lorinda Chung, Nemanja Damjanov, Harsha Gunawardena, Peter Lanyon, Yasmeen Ahmad, Kuntal Chakravarty, Søren Jacobsen, Alexander J MacGregor, Neil McHugh, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Gabriela Riemekasten, Michael Becker, Janet Roddy, Patricia E Carreira, Anne Laure Fauchais, Eric Hachulla, Jennifer Hamilton, Murat Inanç, John S McLaren, Jacob M van Laar, Sanjay Pathare, Susanna Proudman, Anna Rudin, Joanne Sahhar, Brigitte Coppere, Christine Serratrice, Tom Sheeran, Douglas J Veale, Claire Grange, Georges-Selim Trad, Ariane L Herrick
Objectives: Our aim was to describe the burden of early dcSSc in terms of disability, fatigue and pain in the European Scleroderma Observational Study cohort, and to explore associated clinical features. Methods: Patients completed questionnaires at study entry, 12 and 24 months, including the HAQ disability index (HAQ-DI), the Cochin Hand Function Scale (CHFS), the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-fatigue and the Short Form 36 (SF36). Associates examined included the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), current digital ulcers and internal organ involvement...
November 30, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183960/radium-223-safety-efficacy-and-concurrent-use-with-abiraterone-or-enzalutamide-first-u-s-experience-from-an-expanded-access-program
#20
Oliver Sartor, Nicholas J Vogelzang, Christopher Sweeney, Daniel C Fernandez, Fabio Almeida, Andrei Iagaru, Alan Brown, Matthew R Smith, Manish Agrawal, Adam P Dicker, Jorge A Garcia, Jose Lutzky, Yu-Ning Wong, Oana Petrenciuc, Jeremy Gratt, Neal D Shore, Michael J Morris
BACKGROUND: In the phase III ALSYMPCA trial, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients had few prior life-prolonging therapies. Following ALSYMPCA, which demonstrated radium-223 survival benefit, and before radium-223 U.S. commercial availability, an expanded access program (EAP) providing early-access radium-223 allowed life-prolonging therapies in current use. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: This phase II, open-label, single-arm, multicenter U...
November 28, 2017: Oncologist
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