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Aquatic physical therapy

Elisabetta Catalani, Francesca Proietti Serafini, Silvia Zecchini, Simona Picchietti, Anna Maria Fausto, Enrico Marcantoni, Federico Buonanno, Claudio Ortenzi, Cristiana Perrotta, Davide Cervia
Several modern drugs, including those for cancer therapy, have been isolated from natural sources, are based on natural products and its derivatives, or mime natural products. Some of them are in clinical use, others in clinical trials. The success of natural products in drug discovery is related to their biochemical characteristics and to the technologic methods used to study their feature. Natural compounds may acts as chemo-preventive agents and as factors that increase therapeutic efficacy of existing drugs, thus overcoming cancer cell drug resistance that is the main factor determining the failure in conventional chemotherapy...
September 17, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Heidi Kempert, Ethan Benore, Rachel Heines
OBJECTIVE: To discuss whether patient reported measures would be clinically sensitive and useful for identifying functional change within an intensive chronic pain program setting. Children and adolescents' perception of their abilities is a natural target of rehabilitation therapies. Perceived functioning is often impaired when experiencing chronic pain and is a meaningful goal of rehabilitation therapy. This study examines two patient reported measures administered as part of physical therapy for chronic pain...
September 14, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Laura G Covill, Cynthia Utley, Cheryl Hochstein
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Older adults with balance deficits often fear falling and limit their mobility. Poor balance is multifactorial, influenced by medication interactions, musculoskeletal and sensory system changes, and poor neuromuscular response to changes in body positions. Aquatic physical therapy (APT) is an intervention used to improve balance and decrease falls. Ai Chi is a water-based exercise program. It incorporates slow movements of progressive difficulty utilizing the upper and lower extremities and trunk coordinated with deep breathing...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Luiz Paulo Milares, Lívia Assis, Amanda Siqueira, Vitoria Claudino, Heloisa Domingos, Thais Almeida, Carla Tim, Ana Claudia Renno
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an aquatic exercise program and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) (associated or not) on degenerative modifications and inflammatory mediators on the articular cartilage using an experimental model of knee OA. METHOD: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: knee OA - without treatment (OA); OA plus exercise program group (OAE); OA plus LLLT (OAL); OA plus exercise program associated with LLLT (OAEL)...
September 2016: Connective Tissue Research
Steven Wheeler, Amanda Acord-Vira, Diana Davis
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness of interventions to improve occupational performance for people with psychosocial, behavioral, or emotional impairments after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched. Of the 1,512 articles initially identified, 35 met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Six types of interventions were identified: (1) education, (2) peer mentoring, (3) goal-directed therapy, (4) physical activity, (5) skills training, and (6) cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
May 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Craig P Hensley, Douglas R Dirschl
Isolated cuneiform fractures are rare and are often missed on plain radiographs, leading to delayed diagnosis and delayed return to sport. The authors of this study present a 32-year-old male ice hockey player who sustained trauma to his dorsal midfoot from a slap shot. Radiographs were negative for fracture. After inability to wean out of the controlled ankle movement boot, magnetic resonance imaging was ordered, demonstrating a middle cuneiform fracture. The patient was seen in physical therapy, where aquatic therapy, strength training, and cardiovascular conditioning were progressed...
July 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Gisele da Silveira Sarmento, Andréa Sanchez Navarro Pegoraro, Renata Cereda Cordeiro
OBJECTIVE: To review scientific literature pertaining to aquatic physical therapy in the elderly and institutionalized population. METHODS: A qualitative systematic review of electronic databases MEDLINE and LILACS, with the topic index terms: "hydrotherapy," "homes for the aged or residential facilities," and "aged. In light of the lack of studies carried out on the institutionalized population, we opted for reviewing literature on the effectiveness of this modality of physical therapy treatment on the non-institutionalized elderly population in order to produce knowledge that can be critically analyzed according to its potential applicability for the institutionalized population...
March 2011: Einstein
Mosharafeh Chaleshgar Kordasiabi, Maassoumeh Akhlaghi, Mohammad Hossein Baghianimoghadam, Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Mohsen Askarishahi, Behnaz Enjezab, Zeinab Pajouhi
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a systemic, autoimmune and inflammatory disease with an unknown etiology that is associated with progressive joint degeneration, limitation of physical activity and disability. The aim of the study was to evaluate self-management behaviors and their associated factors in RA patients. MATERIAL & METHOD: This cross-sectional study was performed in 2013 on185 patients in Iran. Data were selected through convenient sampling...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Chris Burmaster, Brian J Eckenrode, Matthew Stiebel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Both traditional and progressive rotator cuff repair rehabilitation protocols often delay active motion of the shoulder for 6 weeks or more. The early inclusion of a comprehensive aquatic-assisted exercise program presents a unique approach to postoperative management. The purpose of this case study is to describe a comprehensive evidence-based, aquatic-assisted rehabilitation program following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 73-year-old woman with a nonretracted, medium-size, full-thickness tear (2...
January 2016: Physical Therapy
Frank Noack, Bernd Schmidt, Mroawan Amoury, Dietrich Stoevesandt, Stephan Gielen, Birgit Pflaumbaum, Christiane Girschick, Heinz Völler, Axel Schlitt
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism is a life-threatening disease. In survivors, different degrees of functional complaints need to be restored or prevented (eg, post-thrombotic syndrome, pulmonary hypertension). Therefore, rehabilitation after venous thromboembolism is recommended in Germany. However, a structured rehabilitation program has not been defined for this indication. Here, we present the experience of a single rehabilitation center. METHODS: Data from consecutive pulmonary embolism (PE) patients who were referred for a 3-week inpatient rehabilitation program from 2006 to 2014 were retrospectively evaluated...
2015: Vascular Health and Risk Management
Wioletta Dziubek, Katarzyna Bulińska, Łukasz Rogowski, Tomasz Gołębiowski, Mariusz Kusztal, Monika Grochola, Dominika Markowska, Agnieszka Zembroń-Łacny, Wacław Weyde, Marian Klinger, Marek Woźniewski
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a 3-month physical training program, conducted in an aquatic environment with end-stage renal disease patients (ESRD), on the physical fitness and functional parameters of the knee joint muscles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 20 ESDR patients with mean age 64.2 ± 13.1 y. treated with hemodialysis in Dialysis Center of the University Hospital in Wroclaw. Before and 3 months after the physical training in water, a test was performed to evaluate the physical fitness of each patient; additionally, a measurement was taken of force-velocity parameters...
2015: BioMed Research International
Alon Kalron, Dalia Nitzani, David Magalashvili, Mark Dolev, Shay Menascu, Yael Stern, Uri Rosenblum, Diana Pasitselsky, Lior Frid, Gabi Zeilig, Caroline Barmatz, Uri Givon, Anat Achiron
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) endure walking limitations. To address this restriction, various physical rehabilitation programs have been implemented with no consensus regarding their efficacy. Our objective was to report on the efficacy of an integrated tailored physical rehabilitation program on walking in people with multiple sclerosis categorized according to their level of neurological disability. METHODS: Retrospective data were examined and analyzed...
2015: BMC Neurology
Camila Tatiana Zanoni, Fábio Galvão, Alberto Cliquet Junior, Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of aquatic and land-based physiotherapy in reducing musculoskeletal hip and lower back pain and increasing overall physical capabilities of sickle cell disease patients. METHODS: Informed written consent was obtained from all volunteers who were submitted to evaluations using different functional scales: Lequesne's Algofunctional Questionnaire and Oswestry Disability Index, trunk and hip range of motion, goniometry, trunk and hip muscle strength assessment using load cell, and surface electromyography of the iliocostalis, long dorsal (longissimus), gluteus maximus, gluteus medius and tensor fasciae latae muscles...
March 2015: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Meili Lu, Youxin Su, Yingjie Zhang, Ziyi Zhang, Wenting Wang, Zhen He, Feiwen Liu, Yanan Li, Changyan Liu, Yiru Wang, Lu Sheng, Zhengxuan Zhan, Xu Wang, Naixi Zheng
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of aquatic exercise for treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, CAMbase, and the Web of Science were screened through to June 2014. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing aquatic exercise with control conditions were included. Two authors independently selected trials for inclusion, assessed the included trials, and extracted data...
August 2015: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Rubén Fernández García, Laura de Carmen Sánchez Sánchez, María Del Mar López Rodríguez, Gema Sánchez Granados
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Spondyloarthritis is a general term referring to a group of chronic rheumatic illnesses that share clinical, genetic, radiological and epidemiological features. The clinical presentation of spondyloarthritis is characterized by the compromise of both the axial and peripheral articular skeleton. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an aquatic exercise plus relaxation program in patients with spondyloarthritis. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This was a randomized single blind study including 30 patients with spondylitis who were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group...
November 6, 2015: Medicina Clínica
Sagrario Perez-De la Cruz, Johan Lambeck
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia is rheumathological disease a combination of physical, psychological and social limitations. The aim of the present study is to determinate the benefits of Ai Chi program on quality of life, depression and pain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An experimental study was performed with 20 fibromyalgia patients two different cities. Outcome measures were functional capacity (Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire), pain (Visual Analogue Scale) and quality of life (Short Form-36)...
January 16, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
Renae J McNamara, Zoe J McKeough, David K McKenzie, Jennifer A Alison
OBJECTIVES: Water-based exercise training is a relatively new concept in the management of people with COPD. This study aimed to examine the acceptability of the aquatic environment as a medium for exercise training in people with COPD with physical comorbidities. DESIGN: Following a supervised eight week, three times a week, water-based exercise training programme conducted in a hospital hydrotherapy pool as part of a randomised controlled trial, participants completed a questionnaire about their experience with exercise training in the pool including adverse events, barriers and factors enabling exercise programme completion, satisfaction with the aquatic environment and their preference for an exercise training environment...
June 2015: Physiotherapy
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Sandra C Webber, Candice L Schachter, Adrienne Danyliw, Tom J Overend, Rachel S Richards, Tamara Rader
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review examined the effects of supervised group aquatic training programs (led by an instructor). We defined aquatic training as exercising in a pool while standing at waist, chest, or shoulder depth. This review is part of the update of the 'Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome' review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2007. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the benefits and harms of aquatic exercise training in adults with fibromyalgia...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Marcio R de Oliveira, Rubens A da Silva, Juliana B Dascal, Denilson C Teixeira
Different types of exercise are indicated for the elderly to prevent functional capacity limitations due to aging and reduce the risk of falls. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different exercises (mini-trampoline, MT; aquatic gymnastics, AG and general floor gymnastics, GG) on postural balance in elderly women. Seventy-four physically independent elderly women, mean age 69±4 years, were randomly assigned to three intervention groups: (1) MT (n=23), (2) AG (n=28), and (3) GG (n=23). Each group performed physical training, including cardiorespiratory, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility and sensory-motor exercises for 12 weeks...
November 2014: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Lucia Cugusi, Christian Cadeddu, Silvio Nocco, Fabio Orrù, Stefano Bandino, Martino Deidda, Alessandra Caria, Pier Paolo Bassareo, Alessandra Piras, Sergio Cabras, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: The role of structured exercise in improving cardiometabolic profile and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (2DM) has been widely demonstrated. Little is known about the effects of an aquatic-based exercise program in patients with 2DM. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a supervised aquatic-based exercise program on cardiometabolic profile, quality of life, and physical activity levels in patients with 2DM. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study, community pre-post aquatic-based exercise program, primary care intervention...
February 2015: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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