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kangaroo mother care physiological benefits

Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A Buil, I Carchon, G Apter, F X Laborne, M Granier, E Devouche
OBJECTIVE: Skin-to-skin contact shows benefits in the relationship developed between a mother and her premature infant. In the skin-to-skin session, face-to-face exchanges are impossible in vertical infant positioning. We therefore undertook an observational, prospective, single-center study using kangaroo "supported diagonal flexion" (SDF) positioning. The first aim was to evaluate the safety of kangaroo SDF positioning compared to the usual vertical positioning. The second aim was to evaluate SDF positioning on early communication between the mother and her infant and to improve their well-being...
September 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
(no author information available yet)
The evidence base is supportive of early skin to skin contact (SSC) for optimal newborn-physiological adaptation, bonding and breastfeeding, and national guidelines encourage SSC as soon as possible, regardless of mode of birth. With an ever-rising caesarean (CS) rate, implementing SSC in theatre stands to benefit an increasing number of mothers and babies. While it may be best practice, in reality there is a lot of variation from trust to trust, and many hospitals do not facilitate it, citing numerous reasons as to why it is not possible...
June 2015: Practising Midwife
Archana Nimbalkar, Dipen Patel, Ankur Sethi, Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Physiological benefits of skin to skin care (STS) to newborns are known but there is scarcity of data on changes in physiological parameters like pulse rate, respiratory rate, SPO2 and blood pressure in mothers during STS. We hypothesize that STS is beneficial to mothers with respect to these parameters. Objective of this study was to assess the changes of these parameters in mothers while providing STS for one hour. STS was provided by 52 mothers for a total of 127 times and parameters were recorded at starting of STS, at 15 min, at 30 min, at 60 min of STS and at 5 min rest after stopping STS...
April 2014: Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Shmuel Arnon, Chagit Diamant, Sofia Bauer, Rivka Regev, Gisela Sirota, Ita Litmanovitz
AIM: Kangaroo care (KC) and maternal singing benefit preterm infants, and we investigated whether combining these benefitted infants and mothers. METHODS: A prospective randomised, within-subject, crossover, repeated-measures study design was used, with participants acting as their own controls. We evaluated the heart rate variability (HRV) of stable preterm infants receiving KC, with and without maternal singing. This included low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF) and the LF/HF ratio during baseline (10 min), singing or quiet phases (20 min) and recovery (10 min)...
October 2014: Acta Paediatrica
Dawn Haxton, Jennifer Doering, Linda Gingras, Lucy Kelly
Prolonged skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between mothers and newborns in the hour after birth is associated with physiologic and psychological benefits for both mothers and infants, yet this is not a standard practice at all birthing facilities. The purpose of the project described in this article was to implement SSC immediately aft er birth for healthy term newborns as a routine, evidence-based practice in a labor and delivery unit at a Midwestern U.S. academic medical center. When incorporated into routine newborn care, SSC promotes key maternal-infant health outcomes of importance to quality nursing care...
June 2012: Nursing for Women's Health
Elizabeth R Moore, Gene C Anderson, Nils Bergman, Therese Dowswell
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation postbirth is common in Western culture. Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and involves placing the naked baby, head covered with a dry cap and a warm blanket across the back, prone on the mother's bare chest. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neurobehaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs. This time may represent a psychophysiologically 'sensitive period' for programming future physiology and behavior...
May 16, 2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sangeetha Lakshmi Boju, Muddu Gopi Krishna, Rajani Uppala, Praneeta Chodavarapu, Ravikumar Chodavarapu
In routine practice, 4-6 h of kangaroo mother care (KMC) is adopted. Many mothers feel the duration impracticable. In 86 preterm babies, pre and post 1 h KMC changes in heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), axillary temperature and SpO(2) are measured, in each baby. Postnatal age at the time of the study is 7.7 ± 5.2 days. Significant changes observed are decrease in mean HR by 3 bpm, RR by 3 min(-1) and increase in mean axillary temperature by 0.4 F and SpO(2) by 1.1%. In SGA babies, post KMC decrease in mean HR by 5 bpm, increase in mean axillary temperature by 0...
June 2012: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
D Hall, G Kirsten
Kangaroo Mother Care is a simple and beneficial intervention for the care of low birth weight infants. Although initially conceived for use in developing countries with limited resources, its use has expanded worldwide as clinicians, administrators and parents become familiar with the psychological, physiological, clinical and cost benefits associated with the practice. A recently documented benefit has specific relevance to blood transfusion medicine.
April 2008: Transfusion Medicine
Virginia L Dodd
OBJECTIVE: To review research on kangaroo care with implications for growth and development in preterm infants. DATA SOURCES: Nursing, medical, and child development research literature was searched through PubMed through 2003 using the search terms kangaroo Care, skin-to-skin, growth/development, and premature infants. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials, pretest-posttest designs, and other comparative studies of kangaroo care were reviewed...
March 2005: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
J G Ruiz, N Charpak, Z Figuero
UNLABELLED: It has been estimated that 95% of low-birthweight infants are born in developing countries. Nevertheless, most of the globally available resources are invested in developed countries, both for sophisticated, expensive technological care and for research focused on solving problems in scenarios in which access to expensive resources is available. Very little research on scientifically sound, economically accessible interventions reaches internationally recognized scientific journals...
2002: Acta Paediatrica
G F Kirsten, N J Bergman, F M Hann
Kangaroo mother care is becoming an integral part of the care of low birth weight infants worldwide. It provides economic savings to families and health care facilities and many physiologic and psychobehavioral benefits to mothers and infants, the most important of which is the promotion of successful breastfeeding. The benefits of breastfeeding, of human milk over formula, and of feeding from the breast per se, are beyond dispute, and so KMC should be actively promoted. The full impact of KMC on breastfeeding low birth weight infants is yet to be realized...
April 2001: Pediatric Clinics of North America
S M Ludington-Hoe, G C Anderson, S Simpson, A Hollingsead, L A Argote, H Rey
OBJECTIVE: To test preterm neonates' physiologic and behavioral responses when placed skin-to-skin on their mother's chests, called kangaroo care (KC), for the first 6 hours after birth, instead of having the neonates go to an intensive care unit. DESIGN: Convenience sampling was used in this descriptive study to enroll neonates who were given continuous KC beginning soon after birth in the delivery room and continuing for 6 hours. Heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, abdominal temperature, and behavioral state were recorded each minute...
January 1999: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
G Gale, K A VandenBerg
This method of holding infants has rapidly evolved as a practice in intensive care nurseries to support parenting. Research documenting its physiologic and developmental benefits is increasing. More research is needed to demonstrate the effectiveness of this procedure as a component of developmental care in nurseries.
August 1998: Neonatal Network: NN
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