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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748887/nondiabetic-renal-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Ikram Mami, Amel Harzallah, Hayet Kaaroud, Raja Aoudia, Fethi Ben Hamida, Rim Goucha, Taieb Ben Abdallah
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The diagnosis of DN is mostly clinical. Kidney biopsy is indicated only if nondiabetic renal disease (NDRD) is suspected. This study is aimed to assess the prevalence of NDRD and to determine predictor and prognostic factors of DN, NDRD. It was a retrospective analytic study including T2DM patients in whom renal biopsies were performed at our department from 1988 to 2014. Seventy-five patients were included. Mean age was 52...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748860/current-nondopaminergic-therapeutic-options-for-motor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#2
REVIEW
Juan-Juan Du, Sheng-Di Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize recent studies on nondopaminergic options for the treatment of motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). DATA SOURCES: Papers in English published in PubMed, Cochrane, and Ovid Nursing databases between January 1988 and November 2016 were searched using the following keywords: PD, nondopaminergic therapy, adenosine, glutamatergic, adrenergic, serotoninergic, histaminic, and iron chelator. We also reviewed the ongoing clinical trials in the website of clinicaltrials...
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747840/an-evaluation-of-stillbirths-in-%C3%A4-stanbul-by-examining-death-certificates
#3
Aylin Yetim, Fahriye Aysun Buzcu, Esra Devecioğlu, Gülbin Gökçay, Zeynep İnce
AIM: Despite the fact that the frequency of stillbirth is estimated to be about the same as that of early neonatal deaths, stillbirth records and statistics are not kept on a regular basis worldwide and their causes cannot be determined. The aim of our study was to examine the causes and characteristics of stillbirths in Istanbul. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All death certificates of 2011 archived in 8 District Cemetery Directorships, which manage 322 cemeteries within the boundaries of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, were examined...
June 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747744/predicting-trend-of-early-childhood-caries-in-mainland-china-a-combined-meta-analytic-and-mathematical-modelling-approach-based-on-epidemiological-surveys
#4
Xiaonan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Yonghong Zhang, Zhaoying Liao, Jinlin Song
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic disease in young children. A reliable predictive model for ECC prevalence is needed in China as a decision supportive tool for planning health resources. In this study, we first established the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model and grey predictive model (GM) based on the estimated national prevalence of ECC with meta-analysis from the published articles. The pooled data from 1988 to 2010 were used to establish the model, while the data from 2011 to 2013 were used to validate the models...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743834/mid-arm-muscle-circumference-as-a-substantial-factor-against-mortality-among-people-with-elevated-gamma-gaps
#5
Yuan-Ping Chao, Yi-Fen Lai, Tung-Wei Kao, Tao-Chun Peng, Yuan-Yung Lin, Mu-Tsun Shih, Wei-Liang Chen, Li-Wei Wu
Gamma gap is the difference in total serum proteins and albumin and an elevated gamma gap is related to infections, malignancy, and rheumatic diseases. An elevated gamma gap is also associated with higher mortality due to the correlation with inflammatory status. The study aimed to utilize mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) to assist in predicting all-cause mortality, cancer mortality, and cardiovascular mortality in people with elevated gamma gaps. Data were obtained from the third U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994), which contained 14,011 adults aged 20 to 90 years during up to 14...
July 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741794/ecological-segregation-moderates-a-climactic-conclusion-to-trout-hybridization
#6
Michael K Young, Daniel J Isaak, Kevin S McKelvey, Taylor M Wilcox, Matthew R Campbell, Matthew P Corsi, Dona L Horan, Michael K Schwartz
Invasive hybridization, in which an introduced species may introgressively hybridize with a native taxon and threaten its persistence, is prominently featured in the conservation literature. One of the most frequently cited examples of this phenomenon involves interactions between native westslope cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi and introduced rainbow trout O. mykiss in a portion of the U.S. Northern Rocky Mountains (Allendorf & Leary, 1988). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
July 25, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741616/rural-and-urban-residence-during-early-life-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-population-based-inception-and-birth-cohort-study
#7
Eric I Benchimol, Gilaad G Kaplan, Anthony R Otley, Geoffrey C Nguyen, Fox E Underwood, Astrid Guttmann, Jennifer L Jones, Beth K Potter, Christina A Catley, Zoann J Nugent, Yunsong Cui, Divine Tanyingoh, Nassim Mojaverian, Alain Bitton, Matthew W Carroll, Jennifer deBruyn, Trevor J B Dummer, Wael El-Matary, Anne M Griffiths, Kevan Jacobson, M Ellen Kuenzig, Desmond Leddin, Lisa M Lix, David R Mack, Sanjay K Murthy, Juan Nicolás Peña Sánchez, Harminder Singh, Laura E Targownik, Maria Vutcovici, Charles N Bernstein
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and rural/urban household at the time of diagnosis, or within the first 5 years (y) of life. METHODS: Population-based cohorts of residents of four Canadian provinces were created using health administrative data. Rural/urban status was derived from postal codes based on population density and distance to metropolitan areas. Validated algorithms identified all incident IBD cases from administrative data (Alberta: 1999-2008, Manitoba and Ontario: 1999-2010, and Nova Scotia: 2000-2008)...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736233/continued-increase-in-melanoma-incidence-across-all-socioeconomic-status-groups-in-california-1998-2012
#8
Christina A Clarke, Meg McKinley, Susan Hurley, Robert W Haile, Sally L Glaser, Theresa H M Keegan, Susan M Swetter
Melanoma incidence has been increasing in light-skinned populations worldwide, but the reasons for the increase have been controversial. Our prior assessment in California non-Hispanic whites showed substantial increases in invasive melanoma incidence for tumors of all thicknesses in all neighborhoods categorized by socioeconomic status (SES) between 1988-1992 and 1998-2002. To understand whether these trends continued, we updated our assessment to include the diagnosis period 2008-2012 and more accurate pathologic stage at diagnosis...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735168/impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-depression-in-early-adulthood-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-478-141-individuals-in-sweden
#9
Emma Björkenstam, Bo Vinnerljung, Anders Hjern
OBJECTIVE: Although the relationship between childhood adversity (CA) and depression is widely accepted, there is little information on what proportion of depression is attributable to CA. METHOD: We used a Swedish cohort of 478,141 individuals born in 1984-1988 in Sweden. Register-based CA indicators included parental death, parental substance abuse and psychiatric morbidity, parental criminality, parental separation, public assistance recipiency, child welfare intervention, and residential instability...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731391/malpractice-litigation-following-spine-surgery
#10
Alan H Daniels, Roy Ruttiman, Adam E M Eltorai, J Mason DePasse, Bielinsky A Brea, Mark A Palumbo
OBJECTIVE Adverse events related to spine surgery sometimes lead to litigation. Few studies have evaluated the association between spine surgical complications and medical malpractice proceedings, outcomes, and awards. The aim of this study was to identify the most frequent causes of alleged malpractice in spine surgery and to gain insight into patient demographic and clinical characteristics associated with medical negligence litigation. METHODS A search for "spine surgery" spanning February 1988 to May 2015 was conducted utilizing the medicolegal research service VerdictSearch (ALM Media Properties, LLC)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730615/vulvar-cancer-in-high-income-countries-increasing-burden-of-disease
#11
Yoon-Jung Kang, Megan Smith, Ellen Barlow, Kate Coffey, Neville Hacker, Karen Canfell
The aim of this study was to assess trends in the age-specific incidence of vulvar cancer in 13 high-income countries satisfying a priori conditions regarding the availability of cancer registry data over a 20 year period; these were Canada, USA, 9 European countries, Australia and Japan. Five-yearly incidence and population at risk were obtained from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents for the years 1988-1992 (Volume 7) to 2003-2007 (Volume 10). The 5-yearly average percent change (AvPC) over the 20-year period and standardised rate ratios (SRRs) for 2003-2007 vs...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728307/changes-in-reference-evapotranspiration-and-its-driving-factors-in-the-middle-reaches-of-yellow-river-basin-china
#12
Dunxian She, Jun Xia, Yongyong Zhang
Reference evapotranspiration (ET0) is important for agricultural, environmental and other studies, and understanding the attribution of its change is helpful to provide information for irrigation scheduling and water resources management. The present study investigates the attribution of the change of ET0 at 49 meteorological stations in the middle reaches of Yellow River basin (MRYRB) of China from 1960 to 2012. Results show that annual ET0 increases from the northwest to the southeast of MRYRB in space. We find that annual ET0 clearly presents a zigzag change pattern rather than a monotonically change during the whole period...
July 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727655/preterm-infants-with-biliary-atresia-a-nationwide-cohort-analysis-from-the-netherlands
#13
Daan B E van Wessel, Thomas Boere, Christian V Hulzebos, Ruben H J de Kleine, Henkjan J Verkade, Jan B F Hulscher
OBJECTIVES: atresia (BA) occurs in 0.54/10.000 of overall live births in The Netherlands. BA has an unfavorable prognosis: less than 40% of patients are cleared of jaundice after Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE), 4-year transplant-free survival rate is 46% and the 4-year survival rate is ∼75%. Little is known on difficulties in diagnosis and the outcome of BA in preterm infants. We aimed to analyze the incidence and outcome of BA in preterm infants in The Netherlands. METHODS: Retrospective study including Dutch preterm infants treated for BA...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725873/genetic-characterization-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-1-transmission-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#14
Malik Sallam, Gülşen Özkaya Şahin, Mikael Ingman, Anders Widell, Joakim Esbjörnsson, Patrik Medstrand
BACKGROUND: The HIV-1 spread in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has not been previously characterised using the phylogenetic approach. The aim of the current study was to investigate the genetic diversity and domestic transmission of HIV-1 in the MENA. METHODS: A total of 2036 HIV-1 sequences available in Genbank and collected in the MENA during 1988-2016 were used together with 715 HIV-1 reference sequences that were retrieved from Genbank based on genetic similarity with the MENA sequences...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724420/legal-access-to-medications-a-threat-to-brazil-s-public-health-system
#15
Ana Luiza Chieffi, Rita De Cassia Barata Barradas, Moisés Golbaum
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, health is fundamental human right guaranteed by the Constitution of 1988, which created the Brazilian Universal Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS). The SUS provides medications for outpatient care via policy of pharmaceutical assistance (PA) programmes. Despite the advances in PA policies which include the improvement in access to medications, there has been a significant increase in lawsuits related to health products and services. This study aimed to characterize the medication processes filed between 2010 and 2014 against the Secretary of State for Health of São Paulo (State Health Department of São Paulo - SES/SP), in Brazil, following PA policies...
July 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722761/a-meta-ethnographic-synthesis-of-midwives-and-nurses-experiences-of-adverse-labour-and-birth-events
#16
REVIEW
Rakime Elmir, Jackie Pangas, Hannah Dahlen, Virginia Schmied
INTRODUCTION: Health professionals are frequently exposed to traumatic events due to the nature of their work. While traumatic and adverse labour and birth events experienced by women are well researched, less attention has been given to midwives' and nurses' experiences of these events and the impact it has on their lives. AIM: To undertake a meta-ethnographic study of midwives' and nurses' experiences of adverse labour and birth events. METHODS: Scopus, CINHAL PLUS, MEDLINE and PUBMED databases were searched using subject headings and keywords...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722157/matching-the-production-of-doctors-with-national-needs
#17
Des Gorman
CONTEXT: Matching the supply of health workers to need is necessary if a health system is to be sustainable, affordable and fit for purpose. On the 30th anniversary of the 1988 Edinburgh Declaration of the World Federation for Medical Education, levels of compliance with the 10th recommendation, 'Ensure admission policies that match the numbers of students trained with national needs for doctors', warrant review. There are two domains to such a review, concerning, respectively, how well these health needs are known, and whether workforce supply is well matched...
July 19, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720343/exposure-to-ambient-dichloromethane-in-pregnancy-and-infancy-from-industrial-sources-and-childhood-cancers-in-california
#18
Andrew S Park, Beate Ritz, Chenxiao Ling, Myles Cockburn, Julia E Heck
BACKGROUND: The incidence of childhood cancers has been increasing and environmental exposure to air toxics has been suggested as a possible risk factor. This study aims to explore ambient exposure to dichloromethane (methylene chloride). METHODS: We frequency matched by birth year approximately 20 cancer-free controls identified from birth records to all childhood cancers ages 0-5 in the California Cancer Registry diagnosed from 1988 to 2012; i.e. 13,636 cases and a total of 270,673 controls...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719894/karyotype-evolution-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-cricetulus-sokolovi-orlov-et-malygin-1988-cricetidae-rodentia-inferred-from-chromosomal-painting-and-molecular-data
#19
Natalia S Poplavskaya, Svetlana A Romanenko, Natalia A Serdyukova, Vladimir A Trifonov, Fengtang Yang, Wenhui Nie, Jinghuan Wang, Anna A Bannikova, Alexey V Surov, Vladimir S Lebedev
Sokolov's dwarf hamster (Cricetulus sokolovi) is the least studied representative of the striped hamsters (Cricetulus barabensis species group), the taxonomy of which remains controversial. The species was described based on chromosome morphology, but neither the details of the karyotype nor the phylogenetic relationships with other Cricetulus are known. In the present study, the karyotype of C. sokolovi was examined using cross-species chromosome painting. Molecular and cytogenetic data were employed to determine the phylogenetic position of Sokolov's hamster and to analyze the potential pathways of chromosome evolution in Cricetulus...
July 19, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719727/the-ability-of-a-single-bmd-and-fracture-history-assessment-to-predict-fracture-over-25-years-in-postmenopausal-women-the-study-of-osteoporotic-fractures
#20
Dennis M Black, Jane A Cauley, Rachel Wagman, Kristine Ensrud, Howard A Fink, Teresa A Hillier, Li-Yung Lui, Steven R Cummings, John T Schousboe, Nicola Napoli
The ability of bone mineral density (BMD) and other risk factors to predict fracture risk is well-established for as long as 5 to 10 years. However, their value to predict risk over a longer term has not been directly studied. We investigated whether a single assessment of femoral neck BMD and fracture history can predict fracture risk over 20 to 25 years. We used data from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF) that assessed BMD and risk factors in 7959 women age ≥67 (mean = 73.4) in 1988-1990. Follow-up for fractures continued for 25 years for hip fracture, and for 20 years for any nonvertebral fracture...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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