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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629290/functional-foods-how-functional-are-they-a-case-report-of-supplement-induced-psychosis
#1
Priyanka Yadav, Kyle Stigall, Hannah E Johnson, Abner O Rayapati, Nitin Chopra
There is rising evidence of patients' use of alternative and complementary medicine. The percentage of the U.S. population who used at least one dietary supplement increased from 42% in 1988-1994 to 53% in 2003-2006. We present a case of an Asian female in her 40s, with no previous psychiatric illness, who presented to the emergency room following a brief psychotic episode, during which she self-amputated the tips of her fingers, after using multivitamins and herbal supplements including ginseng, gui yuan rou (Chinese herb), astaxanthin, goji (Chinese fruit), selenium, saw palmetto, grape seed extract, citrus bioflavanoid, lutein (zeaxantin), resvexatrol, sun chlorella, spirulina powder, phytoceramides, phytoestrogen, glucosatrin, bromelain plus, and American bee pollen...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628870/affective-disorders-and-completed-suicide-by-self-poisoning-trend-of-using-antidepressants-as-a-method-of-self-poisoning
#2
Sanna Löfman, Helinä Hakko, Arja Mainio, Pirkko Riipinen
The aim of this research was to study the role and trend of antidepressant use as a method of suicide in completed self-poisoning suicides in patients with affective disorders during a 23-year follow up period. The data consisted of 483 completed self-poisoning suicides from 1988 to 2011 in the province of Oulu in Northern Finland (286 men and 197 women). Of the self-poisoning victims, 26.9% (n=130) had hospital-treated unipolar depression and 3.1% (n=15) hospital-treated bipolar disorder. Further, 53.8% (n=70) of those with unipolar depression and 53...
May 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625626/lung-cancer-incidence-trends-in-california-by-race-ethnicity-histology-sex-and-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-an-analysis-spanning-28-years
#3
Manali I Patel, Meg McKinley, Iona Cheng, Robert Haile, Heather Wakelee, Scarlett Lin Gomez
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer incidence trends by histology, sex, race/ethnicity, and neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) have not been previously reported. We conducted a population-based study of lung cancer incidence over three peri-censal periods: 1988-1992, 1998-2002, and 2008-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We abstracted lung cancer cases from the California Cancer Registry and used US Census and American Community Survey data to develop multidimensional nSES indices for each census period...
June 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622590/can-evolutionary-theory-explain-the-slow-development-of-knowledge-about-the-level-of-safety-built-into-roads
#4
Rune Elvik
In several papers, Hauer (1988, 1989, 2000a, 2000b, 2016) has argued that the level of safety built into roads is unpremeditated, i.e. not the result of decisions based on knowledge of the safety impacts of design standards. Hauer has pointed out that the development of knowledge about the level of safety built into roads has been slow and remains incomplete even today. Based on these observations, this paper asks whether evolutionary theory can contribute to explaining the slow development of knowledge. A key proposition of evolutionary theory is that knowledge is discovered through a process of learning-by-doing; it is not necessarily produced intentionally by means of research or development...
June 13, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621180/interview-with-derek-connolly
#5
Derek Leslie Connolly
Dr Derek Connolly speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Derek Leslie Connolly is a Consultant Interventional Cardiologist at Birmingham City Hospital (UK). He qualified from the University of Edinburgh (UK) summa cum laude in Pharmacology in 1985 and in Medicine in 1988 where he was the Brunton Medalist. As a Carnegie scholar at the University of California San Diego (CA, USA) he saw the early promise of angioplasty and changed his career plan from cardiac surgery to coronary intervention...
June 16, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618843/risk-of-cardiac-death-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states-a-seer-database-analysis
#6
Omar Abdel-Rahman
 Background: Population-based data on the risk of cardiac death among cancer survivors are needed. This scenario was evaluated in cancer survivors (>5 years) registered within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: The SEER database was queried using SEER*Stat to determine the frequency of cardiac death compared to other causes of death; and to determine heart disease-specific and cancer-specific survival rates in survivors of each of the 10 most common cancers in men and women in the SEER database...
June 21, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618728/epidemiology-of-under-five-mortality-in-%C3%A4-stanbul-changes-from-1988-to-2011
#7
Aysun Fahriye Buzcu, Aylin Yetim Şahin, Esra Karapinar, Özge Erol, Emine Gülbin Gökçay
BACKGROUND/AIM: Understanding the causes of under-five deaths is key to realizing sustainable developmental goals. The aim of this descriptive study was to investigate the causes of under-five mortality in İstanbul during 2011 and compare the findings to those of 1988 and 2000. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All burial records of İstanbul were evaluated, and cemetery records of 1494 children, who died at under five years of age and were buried in İstanbul Metropolitan Municipality Cemeteries between 1 January and 31 December 2011, were analyzed...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615522/colorectal-adenoma-recurrence-rates-among-post-polypectomy-patients-in-the-placebo-controlled-groups-of-randomized-clinical-trials-a-meta-analysis
#8
Xin Shi, Zhiping Yang, Qiong Wu, Daiming Fan
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the benefit of therapy to prevent the post-polypectomy recurrence of colorectal adenoma is limited. Endoscopic recurrence is the main outcome according to an evaluation of trials involving recurrence prevention. AIM: To estimate the recurrence rates of post-polypectomy colorectal adenoma in placebo-controlled arms of randomized clinical trials and to identify the prognostic factors influencing these rates. METHODS: We combined data from all randomized controlled trials evaluating therapies for colorectal adenoma using placebo from 1988 to 2016...
May 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615016/ex-vivo-susceptibility-and-genotyping-of-plasmodium-falciparum-isolates-from-pikine-senegal
#9
Aminata Mbaye, Amy Gaye, Baba Dieye, Yaye D Ndiaye, Amy K Bei, Muna Affara, Awa B Deme, Mamadou S Yade, Khadim Diongue, Ibrahima M Ndiaye, Tolla Ndiaye, Mouhamed Sy, Ngayo Sy, Ousmane Koita, Donald J Krogstad, Sarah Volkman, Davis Nwakanma, Daouda Ndiaye
BACKGROUND: The monitoring of Plasmodium falciparum sensitivity to anti-malarial drugs is a necessity for effective case management of malaria. This species is characterized by a strong resistance to anti-malarial drugs. In Senegal, the first cases of chloroquine resistance were reported in the Dakar region in 1988 with nearly 7% population prevalence, reaching 47% by 1990. It is in this context that sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine temporarily replaced chloroquine as first line treatment in 2003, pending the introduction of artemisinin-based combination therapy in 2006...
June 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614579/an-instrumental-variable-analysis-comparing-medicare-expenditures-for-laparoscopic-vs-open-colectomy
#10
Kyle H Sheetz, Edward C Norton, Scott E Regenbogen, Justin B Dimick
Importance: Numerous study findings suggest that the use of laparoscopy is associated with lower health care costs for many operations, including colectomy. The extent to which these differences are due to the laparoscopic approach itself or selection bias from healthier patients undergoing the less invasive procedure is unclear. Objective: To evaluate the differences in Medicare expenditures for laparoscopic and open colectomy. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based study was conducted of Medicare beneficiaries undergoing laparoscopic or open colectomy between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2012...
June 14, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611982/enucleation-versus-anatomic-resection-for-giant-hepatic-hemangioma-a-meta-analysis
#11
Yuhui Liu, Xuyong Wei, Kun Wang, Qiaonan Shan, Haojiang Dai, Haiyang Xie, Lin Zhou, Xiao Xu, Shusen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Hepatic hemangiomas are the most common benign liver tumors, and the management of giant hepatic hemangioma (GHH) is still in controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the postoperative outcomes of enucleation versus anatomic resection for GHH. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched from January 1988 to December 2015 to identify studies comparing the outcomes of enucleation versus anatomic resection for GHH...
March 2017: Gastrointestinal Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610264/contribution-to-the-knowledge-of-the-neotropical-species-of-i-smeryngolaphria-i-hermann-1912-diptera-asilidae-laphriinae
#12
Alexssandro Camargo, Rodrigo Vieira, Sheila Lima, Cínthia Chagas
The male of Smeryngolaphria gurupi Artigas, Papavero & Pimentel, 1988 and the female of Smeryngolaphria taperignae Artigas, Papavero & Pimentel, 1988 are described for the first time. The habitus, thorax, abdomen, male and female terminalia with external and internal structures are illustrated and described. The external and internal structures of the male and female of Smeryngolaphria gorayebi Artigas, Papavero & Pimentel, 1988, Smeryngolaphria maculipennis (Macquart, 1846) and Smeryngolaphria numitor (Osten Sacken, 1887) are described and illustrated, Smeryngolaphria numitor for the first time...
June 1, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610240/four-new-species-of-terrestrial-breeding-frogs-of-the-genus-i-phrynopus%C3%A2-i-anura-terrarana-craugastoridae-from-r%C3%A3-o-abiseo-national-park-peru
#13
Lily O Rodriguez, Alessandro Catenazzi
We describe four new species of terrestrial-breeding frogs belonging to the genus Phrynopus from specimens collected on the eastern slopes of the Cordillera Oriental (2800-3850 m) near and within Río Abiseo National Park, Provincia Mariscal Cáceres, Departments of San Martín and La Libertad, northeastern Peru. All four species lack a visible tympanum and inhabit the upper ridges and slopes within or adjacent to the Park. Phrynopus anancites sp. nov. and P. capitalis sp. nov. inhabit the wet montane grasslands on the upper ridges and valleys from 3600 to 3850 m...
June 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610215/three-new-species-of-squat-lobsters-of-the-genus-i-fennerogalathea-i-baba-%C3%A2-1988-decapoda-galatheidae-from-the-pacific-ocean
#14
Paula C Rodriguez-Flores, Annie Machordom, Enrique Macpherson
The genus Fennerogalathea Baba, 1988 was known to contain two species: F. chacei Baba, 1988, the type species, from the Philippines, Taiwan and Indonesia and F. chirostyloides Tirmizi & Javed, 1993 from the Bay of Bengal. In the present study, three new species of the genus are described and illustrated: F. chani n. sp. from Papua New Guinea, F. cultrata n. sp. from New Caledonia and Vanuatu and F. ensifera n. sp. from Fiji. The new species are morphologically distinguishable on the basis of the shape and spination of the rostrum and the presence/absence of a small spine on the frontal margin of the carapace...
June 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610128/review-of-i-pennella-i-oken-1816-copepoda-pennellidae-with-a-description-of-i-pennella-i-i-benzi-i-sp-nov-a-parasite-of-escolar-i-lepidocybium-i-i-flavobrunneum-i-pisces-in-the-northwest-atlantic-ocean
#15
W E Hogans
The genus Pennella Oken, 1816, mesoparasitic copepods from marine fish and mammals, is reviewed with the objective of determining the validity of members of the genus. Details of the external morphological structures of the adult female are presented. Pennella species are differentiated based on a combination of characters: the type of host parasitized, overall length of the parasite, shape, size and configuration of cephalothoracic papillae, segmentation of the first and second antenna, holdfast horn number, shape and configuration, and structure of the abdominal plumes...
March 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610094/two-new-species-of-orb-weaving-spiders-of-the-genus-i-larinia-i-araneae-araneidae-in-meridional-brazil
#16
Ricardo Ott, Everton Nei Lopes Rodrigues
The araneid genus Larinia Simon currently includes 56 species, eleven of them with New World distribution (World Spider Catalog, 2016). North American species of the genus were revised first time by Levi (1975) and South American species by Harrod et al. (1991). According to these authors there are four species known from subtropical South America (Larinia bivittata Keyserling 1885; L. montecarlo (Levi, 1988); L. t-notata (Tullgren, 1905); L. tucuman Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991) and also four species known from tropical South America (L...
March 23, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609971/what-is-i-pseudopotamilla-i-i-reniformis-i-sabellidae-comparisons-of-populations-from-britain-iceland-and-canada-with-comments-on-i-eudistylia-i-and-i-schizobranchia-i
#17
Phyllis Knight-Jones, Teresa Darbyshire, Mary E Petersen, María Ana Tovar-Hernández
A neotype of Amphitrite Müller (1771) is established and re-described, using material collected in 2001 from near the type locality on the southwest coast of Iceland. We examined material from Iceland, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, identified as Pseudopotamilla reniformis, showing scissiparity and commonly found in aggregations within kelp holdfasts or amongst encrusting fauna. By contrast, scissiparity has not been seen in a population recorded as P. reniformis from Wales (broadcast spawning is presumed, Chughtai & Knight-Jones 1988), which bores into limestone and that the present analysis shows to belong to a different species from P...
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609940/synonymy-of-i-reikosiella-i-yoshimoto-under-i-merostenus-i-walker%C3%A2-hymenoptera-chalcidoidea-eupelmidae-with-a-checklist-of-world-species-and-a-revision-of-those-species-with-brachypterous-females
#18
Gary A P Gibson
Reikosiella Yoshimoto, 1969 is synonymized under Merostenus Walker, 1837 n. syn. and treated as M. (Reikosiella), one of four subgenera recognized in the genus. Hirticauda Bouček, 1988, previously treated as a subgenus of Reikosiella, is synonymized under M. (Merostenus) n. syn., and two subgenera established in Reikosiella by Gibson (1995) are synonymized under Merostenus and treated as the subgenera M. (Capreocauda) and M. (Incohata) n. syns. The new generic synonymy is proposed after morphological comparison of females and males of Merostenus and Reikosiella sensu Gibson (1995), including reanalysis of features possessed by a basal group of genera of Eupelminae whose females share two hypothesized symplesiomorphies-a medially divided mesotrochantinal plate and lack of a mesotibial apical groove...
April 21, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608390/novel-nomogram-combining-depth-of-invasion-and-size-can-accurately-predict-the-risk-for-regional-nodal-metastases-for-appendiceal-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-net
#19
Catalina Mosquera, Timothy L Fitzgerald, Haily Vora, Marysia Grzybowski
INTRODUCTION: The need for regional lymphadenectomy for treating appendiceal neuroendocrine tumors (A-NET) is determined by the risk of nodal metastasis. Current guidelines for A-NET are solely based on tumor size. Methods Patients with A-NET from 1988 to 2012 were identified from the SEER registry. The depth of invasion was defined as limited to the lamina propria (LP), invading the muscularis propria (MP), and through the serosa (TS). RESULTS: A total of 418 patients were included; the majority were female, white, and node-negative...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604449/cervical-adenocarcinoma-has-a-poorer-prognosis-and-a-higher-propensity-for-distant-recurrence-than-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Eun Jung Jung, Jung Mi Byun, Young Nam Kim, Kyung Bok Lee, Moon Su Sung, Ki Tae Kim, Dae Hoon Jeong
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the differences in prognosis and the pattern of recurrence between squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (ADC) in patients with cervical cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 969 patients with SCC and 144 patients with ADC who underwent radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection at the Busan Paik Hospital between January 1988 and December 2010. RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma was associated with poorer disease-free survival (P = 0...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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