keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1988

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932901/estimating-vo2max-in-children-aged-5-6%C3%A2-years-through-the-preschool-adapted-20-m-shuttle-run-test-prefit
#1
Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Borja Martinez-Tellez, Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Jonatan R Ruiz, Luc Léger, Francisco B Ortega
PURPOSE: (1) To examine the comparability, i.e., discriminatory power, in a preschooler test (PREFIT 20-m shuttle-run test) and the 20mSRT-Original in 5-6-year-olds; (2) to provide an equation to estimate VO2max from the 20mSRT-PREFIT. METHODS: 138 participants aged 5-6 years performed the 20mSRT-PREFIT and the 20mSRT-Original in a counterbalanced order. Total test duration, completed stages, maximum speed and maximum heart rate were registered. RESULTS: Participants finished stages from 2-10 in the 20mSRT-PREFIT, whereas stages 1-5 were completed in the 20mSRT-Original and a null was registered, showing the original version a lower discriminatory power...
September 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931017/trends-in-medication-use-by-body-mass-index-and-age-between-1988-and-2012-in-the-united-states
#2
Arshdeep K Randhawa, Jash S Parikh, Jennifer L Kuk
OBJECTIVE: Whether the increase in prescription medication use over time differs by age and obesity status is unclear. METHOD: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1988 and 2012 was analyzed (n = 57,543). FINDINGS: Increased medication use over time was seen in older individuals of all body mass index (BMI) classes, with the most prominent increase in those with obesity (p<0.001). For example, older men (≥65y) with obesity took 3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929930/child-mortality-and-poverty-in-three-world-regions-the-west-asia-and-sub-saharan-africa-1988-2010-evidence-of-relative-intra-regional-neglect
#3
Colin Pritchard, Steven Keen
AIMS: Poverty kills children. This study assesses the relationship between poverty and child mortality rates (CMRs) in 71 societies from three world regions to determine whether some countries, relative to their region, neglect their children. METHODS: Spearman rank order correlations were calculated to determine any association between the CMR and poverty data, including income inequality and gross national income. A current CMR one standard deviation (SD) above or below the regional average and a percentage change between 1988 and 2010 were used as the measures to assess the progress of nations...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928072/orbitofrontal-epilepsy-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#4
Imane Samah Chibane, Olivier Boucher, François Dubeau, Thi Phuoc Yen Tran, Ismail Mohamed, Richard McLachlan, R Mark Sadler, Richard Desbiens, Lionel Carmant, Dang Khoa Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Orbitofrontal epilepsy (OFE) is less known and is poorly characterized in comparison with temporal lobe epilepsy, partly because it is rare and possibly because it is unrecognized and therefore underestimated. OBJECTIVE: This paper aimed to better characterize seizure semiology, presurgical findings, and surgical outcomes in patients with OFE. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all confidently established OFE cases from six Canadian epilepsy monitoring units between 1988 and 2014, and in the literature between 1972 and 2017...
September 16, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927871/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-argentina-in-the-last-25-years-systematic-review-of-population-observational-studies
#5
A Diaz, W Espeche, C March, R Flores, R Parodi, M A Genesio, R Sabio, S Poppe
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Metabolic syndrome (MS) comprises a set of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Argentina has numerous epidemiological studies on MS, however, there has been no systematic analysis of the prevalence of MS in our population. To estimate the prevalence of MS in the Argentine Republic, a systematic review of observational studies published during the period 1988-2014 was carried out. SEARCH STRATEGY: A bibliographic search was conducted in the MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature) databases on studies conducted in Argentina between January 1989 and December 2014...
September 16, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926080/polio-n%C3%A3-rmar-sig-utrotning
#6
Erling Norrby, Ingrid Uhnoo, Mia Brytting, Katherina Zakikhany, Tiia Lepp, Patrick Olin
Polio close to eradication The WHO Global Polio Eradication Initiative has been highly successful. With a dramatic decrease in polio since it started in 1988, the number of globally reported cases reached a record low of 37 in 2016. This article describes the WHO Endgame Strategic Plan including milestones that have been reached and challenges that have to be overcome in order to reach the goal of polio eradication by 2020. Efforts to strengthen immunizations systems and to detect and interrupt polio virus transmission focus on the three remaining endemic countries, namely Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria...
September 19, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924495/adaptations-to-different-habitats-in-sexual-and-asexual-populations-of-parasitoid-wasps-a-meta-analysis
#7
Isabelle Amat, Jacques J M van Alphen, Alex Kacelnik, Emmanuel Desouhant, Carlos Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Coexistence of sexual and asexual populations remains a key question in evolutionary ecology. We address the question how an asexual and a sexual form of the parasitoid Venturia canescens can coexist in southern Europe. We test the hypothesis that both forms are adapted to different habitats within their area of distribution. Sexuals inhabit natural environments that are highly unpredictable, and where density of wasps and their hosts is low and patchily distributed. Asexuals instead are common in anthropic environments (e...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923644/combination-of-echinocandins-and-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-for-the-treatment-of-pneumocystis-jiroveci-pneumonia-after-heart-transplantation
#8
Y-M Lu, Y-T Lee, H-C Chang, H-S Yang, C-Y Chang, C-M Huang, J Wei
BACKGROUND: The echinocandins have shown anti-Pneumocystis jiroveci activity in nonhuman animal models; however, the corresponding human clinical experience has been rarely reported. We report a clinical picture of P jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) and determine the effects of concomitant therapy with echinocandins and trimethoprim (TMP)-sulfamethoxazole (SMZ). METHODS: We investigated a retrospective case series of heart transplantation (HT) recipients with PJP from July 1988 to December 2015...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923551/cardiac-melanoma-retrospective-review-of-a-rare-disease-at-the-mayo-clinic-1988-2015
#9
Chung Sang Tse, Nicholas Tan, Dame Idossa, Roger Click
BACKGROUND: Melanoma metastasizing to the heart (cardiac melanoma) is a rare entity that has been described only in autopsy studies or isolated pre-mortem case reports. We aim to better characterize cardiac melanoma, and describe its presenting features, imaging findings, and disease course with a case series collected over nearly 30years. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients diagnosed with cardiac melanoma at the Mayo Clinic from 1988 to 2015...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922798/picturing-race-in-the-british-national-health-service-1948-1988
#10
Roberta Bivins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919836/increase-in-density-of-genetically-diverse-invasive-asian-shore-crab-hemigrapsus-sanguineus-populations-in-the-gulf-of-maine
#11
Joshua P Lord, Larissa M Williams
Hemigrapsus sanguineus, the Asian shore crab, has rapidly replaced Carcinus maenas, the green crab, as the most abundant crab on rocky shores in the northwest Atlantic since its introduction to the United States (USA) in 1988. The northern edge of this progressing invasion is the Gulf of Maine, where Asian shore crabs are only abundant in the south. We compared H. sanguineus population densities to those from published 2005 surveys and quantified genetic variation using the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene...
April 2017: Biological Invasions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919778/improvement-of-survival-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-over-time
#12
Wenjie Xia, Xinnian Yu, Qixing Mao, Wenying Xia, Anpeng Wang, Gaochao Dong, Bing Chen, Weidong Ma, Lin Xu, Feng Jiang
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the main histological subtype of lung cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer death. It is unclear whether the improved survival seen at high-volume centers applies to the general population and, more importantly, whether the improvement in lung cancer survival was just a consequence of improved screening work. Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry was used to identify 405,580 patients with NSCLC diagnosed from 1988 to 2008. The patients were divided into four groups according to the year of diagnosis...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915460/persistent-and-widespread-long-term-phosphorus-declines-in-boreal-lakes-in-sweden
#13
Brian J Huser, Martyn N Futter, Rong Wang, Jens Fölster
We present an analysis of long-term (1988-2103; 26years) total phosphorus (TP) concentration trends in 81 Swedish boreal lakes subject to minimal anthropogenic disturbance. Near universal increases in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations and a widespread but hitherto unexplained decline in TP were observed. Over 50% of the lakes (n=42) had significant declining TP trends over the past quarter century (Sen's slope=2.5%y(-1)). These declines were linked to catchment processes related to changes in climate, recovery from acidification, and catchment soil properties, but were unrelated to trends in P deposition...
September 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905431/including-health-promotion-and-illness-prevention-in-medical-education-a-progress-report
#14
Richard Hays
CONTEXT: In 1988, the World Federation of Medical Education called for reform in medical education, publishing 12 recommendations. The sixth recommendation of this Edinburgh Declaration was to 'complement instruction about the management of patients with increased emphasis on promotion of health and prevention of disease'. Thirty years on, this paper reports an exploration of what has changed since then. METHODS: Several search strategies were used, including websites of medical standards organisations, and formal searches of PubMed and Google Scholar using key words such as 'medical education standards', 'health promotion', 'illness prevention', 'effectiveness' and 'assessment'...
September 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905041/presepsin-scd14-st-could-it-be-a-novel-marker-for-the-diagnosis-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#15
Fatma Nihan Turhan Caglar, Nilgun Isiksacan, Ismail Biyik, Selcuk Opan, Hulya Cebe, Ibrahim Faruk Akturk
INTRODUCTION: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) could be considered to be a state of inflammation. Many inflammatory markers have been evaluated in the AMI setting so far. Presepsin (PSP) is a novel biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of systemic inflammation that has not been studied in the AMI setting to date. In this study, we aimed to examine serum PSP levels in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients with STEMI and fifty healthy controls without coronary artery disease, verified by coronary angiography, were included in the study...
2017: Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898332/-prediction-of-hospital-mortality-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-using-timi-score
#16
Héctor Ugalde, María Cecilia Yubini, Sebastián Rozas, María Ignacia Sanhueza, Hernán Jara
BACKGROUND: Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction risk score (TIMI-RS) was designed to predict early mortality in patients with a ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEAMI). AIM: To evaluate the predictive capacity for hospital mortality of TIMI-RS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with ≤ 12-hour evolution STEAMI were selected from a prospective registry of all patients hospitalized in our coronary unity within January 1988 and December 2005...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895229/crisis-and-change-the-making-of-a-french-fda
#17
Constance A Nathanson, Henri Bergeron
Policy Points: Introducing a recent special issue of The Lancet on the health system in France, Horton and Ceschia observe that "the dominance of English as the language of science and, increasingly, global health too often closes the door on the history and experiences of others."(1) In that spirit, this manuscript presents a detailed case study of public health policy transformation in France in the early 1990s. It casts light on processes of policy change in a political and cultural environment very different from that of the United States, showing how the public health policy process is shaped by multiple contingencies of history, ideology, and politics...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890689/integration-between-glycolysis-and-glutamate-glutamine-cycle-flux-may-explain-preferential-glycolytic-increase-during-brain-activation-requiring-glutamate
#18
REVIEW
Leif Hertz, Ye Chen
The 1988 observation by Fox et al. (1988) that brief intense brain activation increases glycolysis (pyruvate formation from glucose) much more than oxidative metabolism has been abundantly confirmed. Specifically glycolytic increase was unexpected because the amount of ATP it generates is much smaller than that formed by subsequent oxidative metabolism of pyruvate. The present article shows that preferential glycolysis can be explained by metabolic processes associated with activation of the glutamate-glutamine cycle...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890424/revaluating-the-survival-effects-of-international-federation-of-gynecology-and-obstetrics-1988-stage-iiia-criteria-for-endometrial-cancer
#19
Osman Türkmen, Alper Karalok, Derman Başaran, Günsu Kimyon, Gizem Kul, Gökhan Tulunay, Işın Üreyen, Taner Turan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to define factors that affected survival in the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 1988 stage IIIA endometrial cancer (EC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included patients with EC who underwent surgery between 1992 and 2013. Patients with adnexal metastases, uterine serosal involvement or positive peritoneal cytology (stage IIIA disease according to the former 1988 FIGO staging system) were selected for further analysis...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889760/an-analysis-of-clinical-characteristics-and-patient-outcomes-in-primary-mediastinal-sarcomas
#20
Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Published data concerning primary mediastinal sarcomas are limited to small-sized retrospective series.  This study reviewed the clinical outcomes of these cases from the SEER (surveillance, epidemiology and end results) database. METHODS: Primary mediastinal sarcomas (1988 - 2013) were assembled from the SEER database. The incidence and 10-year cancer-specific survival rates were compared to other primary mediastinal malignancies (thymic carcinoma, germ cell tumors, neurogenic tumors, Hodgkin / non Hodgkin lymphomas) as well as to non mediastinal sarcomas...
September 14, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
keyword
keyword
95629
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"