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surgery laparoscopi and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900463/a-model-for-lymphocyte-activation-in-open-versus-laparoscopic-surgery-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocols
#1
Ana Belén Martínez, J Longás, J M Ramírez
PURPOSE: Given the high mortality and morbidity associated with colon cancer worldwide and the advantages inherent to the use of the laparoscopy technique with respect to open surgery in oncological colorectal surgery, a study was designed to observe and compare the lymphocyte activation model between open surgery (OS) and laparoscopic surgery (LS) for this type of patient as part of an ERAS protocol. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with 38 patients who underwent surgery due to colorectal disease and were included in an ERAS protocol...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895814/robotic-rectal-surgery-state-of-the-art
#2
REVIEW
Fabio Staderini, Caterina Foppa, Alessio Minuzzo, Benedetta Badii, Etleva Qirici, Giacomo Trallori, Beatrice Mallardi, Gabriele Lami, Giuseppe Macrì, Andrea Bonanomi, Siro Bagnoli, Giuliano Perigli, Fabio Cianchi
Laparoscopic rectal surgery has demonstrated its superiority over the open approach, however it still has some technical limitations that lead to the development of robotic platforms. Nevertheless the literature on this topic is rapidly expanding there is still no consensus about benefits of robotic rectal cancer surgery over the laparoscopic one. For this reason a review of all the literature examining robotic surgery for rectal cancer was performed. Two reviewers independently conducted a search of electronic databases (PubMed and EMBASE) using the key words "rectum", "rectal", "cancer", "laparoscopy", "robot"...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882405/outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-pathologic-t4-colon-cancers-compared-to-those-of-open-surgery
#3
Jeonghyun Kang, Seung Hyuk Baik, Kang Young Lee, Seung-Kook Sohn
INTRODUCTION: Despite the oncologic safety of laparoscopic surgery in colon cancer management, laparoscopy is not regarded as a standard treatment for T4 colon cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term and long-term oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic surgery in patients with locally advanced colon cancer. MATERIAL AND METHOD: From March 2003 to June 2013, a total of 109 consecutive patients with proven pathologic T4 colon cancer were enrolled...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869493/laparoscopy-assisted-gastrectomy-in-the-elderly-experience-from-a-uk-centre
#4
A Tandon, I Rajendran, M Aziz, R Kolamunnage-Dona, Q M Nunes, M Shrotri
BACKGROUND Gastric cancer has a high incidence in the elderly in the UK, with a significant number of patients aged 75 years or more. While surgery forms the mainstay of treatment, evidence pertaining to the management of gastric cancer in the Western population in this age group is scarce. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted total and distal gastrectomies at our centre from 2005 to 2015. Patients aged 70 years or above were included in the elderly group. RESULTS A total of 60 patients underwent laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy over a 10-year period, with a predominance of male patients...
November 21, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867855/laparoscopic-approach-for-gonadectomy-in-pediatric-patients-with-intersex-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Andres Calvo, Maria Escolino, Alessandro Settimi, Agnese Roberti, Maria Grazia Caprio, Ciro Esposito
The birth of a child with a disorder of sex development (DSD) prompts a long-term management strategy that involves a myriad of professionals working with the family. There has been progress in diagnosis, surgical techniques and in understanding psychosocial issues related to this condition. However, since these kinds of disorders are rare and have many anatomical variations, individual care is necessary, especially regarding surgical management. Gonadectomy is indicated in a number of intersex disorders with a Y chromosome to reduce the associated risk of cancer...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867048/feasibiility-and-learning-curve-of-robotic-laparo-endoscopic-single-site-surgery-in-gynecology
#6
Alexandre Buckley de Meritens, Julia Kim, Helen Dinkelspiel, Eloise Chapman-Davis, Thomas Caputo, Kevin Holcomb
Single-site laparoscopy has proven to be a desirable option for patients undergoing gynecologic surgery with some studies indicating improved cosmesis and less perioperative pain compared to standard approaches. This study describes the safety and feasibility of a novel robotic laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery (R-LESS) platform as it is incorporated into a surgeon's practice with extensive multiport robotic surgical experience but limited laparo-endoscopic single-site experience. We reviewed 83 women undergoing R-LESS by a single surgeon from September 2013 through August 2015...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858518/three-united-laparoscopic-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-gastric-cardia-cancer-a-comparative-study-with-laparotomy-and-laparoscopy-assisted-surgery
#7
Zhanxue Zhang, Shuyuan Sun, Jinchun Qi, Shaofan Qiu, Haijun Wang, Lina Ru, Lin Lin, Zhong Li, Zongmao Zhao
BACKGROUND & AIM: Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. We have invented a novel hand-assist device that allows the placement of surgical instruments and the maneuvering of the surgeon's hand, and we have established a new hand-assisted laparoscopic technique called Three United Laparoscopic Surgery (TULS) for laparoscopic dissection of advanced gastric cancer. The present study aimed at exploring the usefulness of TULS in the treatment of advanced gastric cardia cancer...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846182/a-comparison-of-open-laparoscopic-and-robotic-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-right-sided-colon-cancer
#8
Jeonghyun Kang, Yoon Ah Park, Seung Hyuk Baik, Seung-Kook Sohn, Kang Young Lee
INTRODUCTION: Multidimensional comparison between open, laparoscopy, and robotic surgery in the management of right-sided colon cancer are lacking. The aim of this study was to compare the early perioperative results and oncologic outcomes among the 3 different methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 2007 and 2011, a total of 96 patients who underwent right hemicolectomy in a single institution were classified into the open surgery (OS; n=33), the laparoscopy surgery (LS; n=43), and the robot surgery (RS; n=20) groups...
November 14, 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834031/surgeon-s-experience-overrides-the-effect-of-hospital-volume-for-postoperative-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-gastric-cancer-multi-institutional-study
#9
Han Hong Lee, Sang-Yong Son, Ju Hee Lee, Min Gyu Kim, Hoon Hur, Do Joong Park
BACKGROUND: Hospital volume is known to be a crucial factor in reducing postoperative morbidity and mortality in laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer. However, it is unclear whether surgeon's individual experience can overcome the effect of hospital volume. METHODS: Clinicopathologic data of initial 50 laparoscopic gastrectomy cases were collected from six gastric cancer surgeons. Half of the six surgeons worked in high-volume centers, and the other half worked in low-volume hospitals...
November 10, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826780/multicentre-propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-for-t4-rectal-cancer
#10
Nicola de'Angelis, Filippo Landi, Giulio Cesare Vitali, Riccardo Memeo, Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Alejandro Solis, Michela Assalino, Francesc Vallribera, Henry Alexis Mercoli, Jacques Marescaux, Didier Mutter, Frédéric Ris, Eloy Espin, Francesco Brunetti
BACKGROUND: The use of laparoscopy for advanced-stage rectal cancer remains controversial. This study aimed to compare the operative and oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic (LAR) versus open anterior rectal resection (OAR) for patients with pT4 rectal cancer. METHODS: This is a multicenter propensity score matching (PSM) study of patients undergoing elective curative-intent LAR or OAR for pT4 rectal cancer (TNM stage II/III/IV) between 2005 and 2015. RESULTS: In total, 137 patients were included in the analysis...
November 8, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825032/current-concepts-and-practical-techniques-of-nerve-sparing-laparoscopic-radical-hysterectomy
#11
REVIEW
Satoru Kyo, Tomoyasu Kato, Kentaro Nakayama
Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy has been widely performed for patients with early-stage cervical cancer. The operative techniques for nerve-sparing to avoid bladder dysfunction have been established during the past three decades in abdominal radical hysterectomy, but how these techniques can be applied to laparoscopic surgery has not been fully discussed. Prolonged operation time or decreased radicality due to less accessibility via a limited number of trocars may be a disadvantage of the laparoscopic approach, but the magnified visual field in laparoscopy may enable fine manipulation, especially for preserving autonomic nerve tracts...
October 28, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822348/implementation-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-endometrial-cancer-work-in-progress
#12
Aas Van den Bosch, Hjmm Mertens
AIM OF THE STUDY: Even in oncology, minimal invasive surgery is introduced. We describe the introduction of this new surgical technique in a teaching hospital. The objective was to compare factors that have influenced the choice between laparoscopic versus open surgery in patients with endometrial cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed all patients with endometrial cancer between 2010 and 2014. The different factors we compared were age, weight, histopathology, uterine size, serum CA-125 level and FIGO stage...
March 28, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810978/impact-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-on-hospital-costs-for-colon-cancer-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Mauro Laudicella, Brendan Walsh, Aruna Munasinghe, Omar Faiz
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopy is increasingly being used as an alternative to open surgery in the treatment of patients with colon cancer. The study objective is to estimate the difference in hospital costs between laparoscopic and open colon cancer surgery. DESIGN: Population-based retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: All acute hospitals of the National Health System in England. POPULATION: A total of 55 358 patients aged 30 and over with a primary diagnosis of colon cancer admitted for planned (elective) open or laparoscopic major resection between April 2006 and March 2013...
November 3, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809567/adoption-of-technology-and-its-impact-on-nephrectomy-outcomes-a-u-s-population-based-analysis-2008-2012
#14
David M Golombos, Bilal Chughtai, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Jialin Mao, Alexis Te, Padraic O'Malley, Douglas S Scherr, Joseph Del Pizzo, Jim C Hu, Art Sedrakyan
PURPOSE: Robot-assisted surgery has been touted as offering superior outcomes in various oncologic surgeries. We sought to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of robotic radical nephrectomy (RRN) compared with laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) in regard to hospital charges, complications, and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program-Medicare linked database, we identified patients over the age of 65 who underwent radical nephrectomy (RN) for nonmetastatic renal-cell carcinoma from 2008 to 2012...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785627/comparison-of-short-term-and-oncologic-outcomes-of-robotic-and-laparoscopic-resection-for-mid-and-distal-rectal-cancer
#15
Wai Lun Law, Dominic C C Foo
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic rectal resection with total mesorectal excision is a technically challenging procedure, and there are limitations in conventional laparoscopy. A surgical robotic system may help to overcome some of the limitations. This study aimed to compare the short-term operative as well as oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic and robotic rectal resection. METHODS: This study was based on a prospectively collected database of patients with mid- to distal rectal cancer (up to 12 cm from the anal verge) undergoing either laparoscopic or robotic low anterior resection from January 2008 to June 2015...
October 26, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778492/laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-for-multiple-four-tumors
#16
Lessandro Curcio, Bruno Salama, Daniel Luis Pinto, Antonio Claudio Ahouagi
BACKGROUND: Nephron sparing surgery (NSS) is well established as the standard of care for most surgical small renal tumors when technically feasible. While the majority of sporadic renal tumors are solitary, multifocal tumors have been reported in 5.4% to 25% of patients with tumors smaller than 5cm. We present a video where we approach, through laparoscopy, four tumors on the same kidney. CASE STUDY: Male, 58y, went through a routine abdominal ultrasound which showed a 5cm left kidney nodule...
October 20, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775302/-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pediatric-oncology-tertiary-center-experience
#17
J Gómez-Chacón Villalba, L Rodríguez Caraballo, A Marco Macián, V Segarra Llido, J J Vila Carbó
AIMS: To describe our experience using Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) techniques in tertiary center with specific oncological pediatric surgery unit. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients undergoing MIS techniques in pediatric oncology surgery unit between January 2011 and December 2014. MIS procedures were considered made by both techniques such as laparoscopy and thoracoscopy with both diagnostic and therapeutic intent. RESULTS: 4 procedures were diagnostic and the rest were therapeutic: During the study, 56 procedures were performed by MIS...
July 20, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770247/urogenital-function-in-robotic-vs-laparoscopic-rectal-cancer-surgery-a-comparative-study
#18
Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Jamil Ahmed, Meghana Ramachandra, Muhammad Farooq, Mick Harper, Amjad Parvaiz
PURPOSE: Urological and sexual dysfunction are recognised risks of rectal cancer surgery; however, there is limited evidence regarding urogenital function comparing robotic to laparoscopic techniques. The aim of this study was to assess the urogenital functional outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic and robotic rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Urological and sexual functions were assessed using gender-specific validated standardised questionnaires. Questionnaires were sent a minimum of 6 months after surgery, and patients were asked to report their urogenital function pre- and post-operatively, allowing changes in urogenital function to be identified...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766413/conversions-in-laparoscopic-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#19
Martijn H G M van der Pas, Charlotte L Deijen, Gabor S A Abis, Elly S M de Lange-de Klerk, Eva Haglind, Alois Fürst, Antonio M Lacy, Miguel A Cuesta, Hendrik J Bonjer
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery offers patients with rectal cancer short-term benefits and similar survival rates as open surgery. However, selecting patients who are suitable candidates for laparoscopic surgery is essential to prevent intra-operative conversion from laparoscopic to open surgery. Clinical and pathological variables were studied among patients who had converted laparoscopic surgeries within the COLOR II trial to improve patient selection for laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery...
October 20, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760960/-analysis-of-short-term-outcomes-after-laparoscopy-assisted-pylorus-preserving-gastrectomy
#20
Junji Kawada, Masaya Nishino, Yohei Hosoda, Hiromitsu Hoshino, Miho Okano, Kenichi Nagai, Masaki Okuyama, Yongkook Kim, Toshimasa Tsujinaka
BACKGROUND: Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy(PPG)has long been used for the treatment of early gastric cancer, and its survival benefits, postoperative symptoms, and functional outcomes have already been reported in several studies. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term outcomes after LAPPG in our hospital. METHODS: Ten patients with early gastric cancer underwent LAPPG from 2013 to 2015 in our hospital. Their short-term outcomes after LAPPG were retrospectively analyzed...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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