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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922249/severe-hyperphosphatemia-after-oral-laxative-administration-in-a-7-year-old-patient
#1
Çağlar Ödek, Tanıl Kendirli, Ayhan Yaman, Eda Didem Kurt-Şükür, Onur Telli, Berk Burgu, Z Birsin Özçakar
Sodium phosphate based laxatives are commonly used for constipation and pre-procedural bowel cleansing. Phosphate intoxication related with these preparations is well recognized. Herein, we present a case of severe hyperphosphatemia and seizure in a 7-year-old male patient after administration of an oral sodium phosphate based laxative. At the time of admission, serum phosphorus level was 25.6 mg/dl. Aggressive fluid therapy was started. Although serum phosphorus level decreased to 20.9 mg/dl eight hours after admission, hemodialysis was performed because of the preexisting renal disease and declined glomerular filtration rate...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921123/local-control-and-intermediate-term-cosmetic-outcome-following-imrt-for-nasal-tumors-an-update
#3
Yuki Mukai, Stefan Janssen, Christoph Glanzmann, David Holzmann, Gabriela Studer
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate local control and intermediate-term cosmetic outcome in patients with cancer of the nose treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS: From June 2008 to September 2015, 36 consecutive patients presenting with nasal cavity, ala of the nose, or nasal vestibule tumors were treated at the Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zurich either postoperatively (n = 14; 3/14 with nasal ablation) or with definitive IMRT (n = 22)...
December 5, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920496/fabrication-of-anti-vitiligo-ointment-containing-psoralea-corylifolia-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-characterization
#4
Irshad Hussain, Nisar Hussain, Abdul Manan, Abdur Rashid, Barkat Khan, Sattar Bakhsh
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a repugnant and odious dermatological malady of the time. It has an detrimental impact on the pigmentation of the human skin as a result of the destruction of cutaneous melanocytes. It affects 1%-2% of the population worldwide. Different therapeutic regimens have been deployed to treat vitiligo, but none of them could stand alone to be stated as a perfect cure. Recently, a change has been observed through novel experimental-designed optimization leading to the development of an anti-vitiligo ointment containing Psoralea corylifolia (PC) seed powder...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919835/bariatric-surgery-is-associated-with-less-progression-of-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Yong Joon Kim, Byoung Hyuck Kim, Bo Mi Choi, Hae Jung Sun, Sung Jin Lee, Kyung Seek Choi
BACKGROUND: The impact of bariatric surgery on diabetic retinopathy (DR) remains underexplored, and conflicting results have been reported. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the impact of bariatric surgery on DR. SETTING: A systematic review and meta-analysis. University Hospital, Korea. METHODS: A comprehensive database search was performed across PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library from inception to August 2016...
October 5, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916252/knowledge-of-managing-avulsed-tooth-among-general-dental-practitioners-in-malaysia
#6
Dalia Abdullah, Suet Yeo Soo, Shalini Kanagasingam
BACKGROUND: Dental and maxillofacial injuries are one of the areas of concern highlighted in the Malaysian National Oral Health Plan 2011-2020. General dental practitioners (GDPs) have the responsibility of diagnosing and assessing dental trauma and determining the prognosis and outcomes of trauma along with its management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge base and preferred methods of general dental practitioners regarding the management of avulsed tooth. METHODS: A random convenient sampling methodology was employed for sample selection...
December 2016: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915317/initiating-retinopathy-of-prematurity-screening-before-discharge-from-the-neonatal-care-unit-effect-on-enrolment-in-rural-india
#7
Anand Vinekar, Chaitra Jayadev, Shwetha Mangalesh, Mathew Kurian, Mangat Dogra, Noel Bauer, Bhujang Shetty
OBJECTIVE: To compare the benefits of initiating Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) screening at first contact with the admitted infant prior to hospital discharge ('early screening') with screening performed between 21 and 28 days after birth ('conventional screening') in rural India. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Two Level II neonatal intensive care units (NICU), from two district headquarters in Karnataka state. PARTICIPANTS: Participants: 329 infants admitted in the two NICUs...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912946/addressing-holistic-healthcare-needs-of-oncology-patients-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-course-within-an-elective-module-designed-for-healthcare-professionals
#8
Nadja Klafke, Angelika Homberg, Katharina Glassen, Cornelia Mahler
BACKGROUND: Patients, and especially oncology patients, increasingly demand information and application of complementary therapies to supplement their conventional medical treatment and follow-up care. Due to the widespread interest in holistic treatment opportunities in oncology populations, healthcare professionals need to be prepared in differentiating evidence-based methods of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) spectrum and how to consult with patients about it. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on the implementation and evaluation of a newly designed module "Complementary and Alternative Medicine in oncological healthcare" in the bachelor degree program Interprofessional Health Care (B...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909889/long-term-results-of-a-modified-expansion-sphincter-pharyngoplasty-for-sleep-disordered-breathing
#9
Anne-Sophie Despeghel, Lisabeth Mus, Catherine Dick, Stephan Vlaminck, Rudolf Kuhweide, Bob Lerut, Kato Speleman, Anne-Sophie Vinck, Tom Vauterin
Our aim was to evaluate the long-term objective and subjective results of a modified expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty (ESP) technique in patients with sleep-disordered breathing. Single center prospective study of 35 patients underwent an ESP as a primary surgical treatment between June 2012 and September 2015 at the hospital AZ Sint-Jan Bruges-Ostend. Patients were divided into non-OSAS and OSAS (AHI >5). Primary outcome parameters were the Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS, reduction and score less then 10) and the Visual Analogue Score of snoring (VAS, assessed by partner) evaluated at 3 months and 1 year...
December 1, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909037/safety-and-efficacy-of-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-combined-with-s-1-simultaneously-followed-by-sequential-s-1-as-an-initial-treatment-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-silapanc-trial-study-design-and-rationale-of-a-phase-ii-clinical-trial
#10
Xiaofei Zhu, Xiaoping Ju, Fei Cao, Fang Fang, Shuiwang Qing, Yuxin Shen, Zhen Jia, Yangsen Cao, Huojun Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Upfront surgeries are not beneficial to most patients with pancreatic cancer. Therefore, more emphasis has been placed chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced pancreatic cancer recently. Gemcitabine-based regimens or FOLFIRINOX (a chemotherapy regimen including leucovorin, 5-FU, irinotecan, oxaliplatin) has been proven as a standard chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer. However, severe toxicities may prevent the completion of chemotherapy. S-1 has showed better objective response rates, similar overall survival rates and progression-free survival rates compared with gemcitabine, revealing that S-1 may be a potential candidate in treating pancreatic cancer, especially for patients refractory to gemcitabine...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908492/fragility-fractures-of-the-ankle-in-the-elderly-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-versus-tibio-talo-calcaneal-nailing-short-term-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#11
D Georgiannos, V Lampridis, I Bisbinas
INTRODUCTION: The management of ankle fractures in the elderly remains unpredictable, secondary to their various co-morbidities. Although tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) nailing has been an effective option for ankle arthrodesis due to ankle arthritis or Charcot arthropathy there are few reports regarding the use of TTC nail for the treatment of ankle fractures. PURPOSE: Aim of this study was to compare the results of ORIF versus TTC nailing for the treatment of unstable ankle fractures in the elderly...
November 17, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907128/fasa-registry-on-acute-myocardial-infarction-farmi-feasibility-study-and-pilot-phase-results
#12
Ehsan Bahramali, Alireza Askari, Habib Zakeri, Mojtaba Farjam, Azizallah Dehghan, Kazem Zendehdel
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of death in Iran. Every attempt to improve treatment patterns and patient outcomes needs a surveillance system to both consider the efficacy and safety measures. Fasa Registry on Myocardial Infarction (FaRMI) is the first population-based registry for acute MI in Iran targeted to provide meticulous description of patients' characteristics, to explore the management patterns of these patients, to discover the degree of adherence to the practice guidelines, and to investigate the determinants of poor in-hospital and later outcomes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906008/sero-prevalence-of-hbv-and-associated-risk-factors-among-hiv-positive-individuals-attending-art-clinic-at-mekelle-hospital-tigray-northern-ethiopia
#13
Letebrhan Weldemhret, Tsehaye Asmelash, Rashmi Belodu, Dawit Gebreegziabiher
BACKGROUND: Because of the shared mean of transmission, hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of an important cause of co-morbidity and mortality in peoples living with HIV/AIDS. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the sero-prevalence of HBV infection and associated risk factors in HIV/AIDS positive individuals attending ART clinic at Mekelle hospital, Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from August to October 2014 in HIV/AIDS positive adult individuals...
February 4, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903348/-clinical-observations-of-medial-compartment-knee-osteoarthritis-by-proximal-fibular-osteotomy-with-arthroscopy
#14
G Tong, Q Xie
Objective: To explore the clinical short-term result of proximal fibular osteotomy with arthroscopy in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Methods: From August 2015 to March 2016 thirty six patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis were treated by proximal fibular osteotomy with arthroscopy in Department of Orthopaedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University.The preoperative and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) and the hospital for special surgery (HSS) knee score were compared in follow-up...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903295/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-among-pre-conception-chinese-women
#15
Hong Jiang, Yi Su, Xu Xiong, Emily Harville, Hongqiao Wu, Zhijun Jiang, Xu Qian
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is one of the most common chronic infectious diseases. It has been reported that periodontal disease is associated with various adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth, low birth weight, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Given the fact that the treatment for periodontal disease during pregnancy was ineffective in improving pregnancy outcomes by most of studies, the pre-conception period has been put forward as a more optimal time. However, very few studies have reported the prevalence of periodontal disease among pre-conception women...
December 1, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902601/time-course-of-graves-orbitopathy-after-total-thyroidectomy-and-radioiodine-therapy-for-thyroid-cancer
#16
Camille Louvet, Annamaria De Bellis, Bruno Pereira, Claire Bournaud, Antony Kelly, Salwan Maqdasy, Beatrice Roche, Francoise Desbiez, Francoise Borson-Chazot, Igor Tauveron, Marie Batisse-Lignier
The risk of cancer is relatively higher in Graves' patients presenting simultaneously with thyroid nodules. Radioiodine (RAI) therapy recommended in high-risk differentiated thyroid carcinoma may be associated with worsening of a pre-existing Graves' orbitopathy (GO) or developing a new onset. The impact of RAI therapy in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer on the course of a pre-exisiting GO has not been specifically investigated.The aim of this study is to assess the influence of RAI treatment administered for differentiated thyroid cancer on the course of a pre-existing GO...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902591/a-novel-indication-for-a-method-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-tuberculosis-through-minimally-invasive-extreme-lateral-interbody-fusion-xlif-in-combination-with-percutaneous-pedicle-screws-fixation-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#17
Qiyou Wang, Yichun Xu, Ruiqiang Chen, Jianwen Dong, Bin Liu, Limin Rong
RATIONALE: To describe a novel indication for a method through minimally invasive extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) in combination with percutaneous pedicle screwsfixation in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis (TB) in an elderly patient, and its clinical efficacy and feasibility. Lumbar TB is a destructive form of TB. Antituberculous treatment should be started as early as possible. In some circumstances, however, surgical debridement with or without stabilization of the spine appears to be beneficial and may be recommended...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900589/intrinsic-her2-v777l-mutation-mediates-resistance-to-trastuzumab-in-a-breast-cancer-patient
#18
Yosuke Hirotsu, Hiroshi Nakagomi, Kenji Amemiya, Toshio Oyama, Masayuki Inoue, Hitoshi Mochizuki, Masao Omata
HER2 (ERBB2) is an oncogene and 20% of breast cancers display HER2 amplification. The HER2 monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab, is used to treat breast cancers that display HER2 amplification, with good responses in 80-90% of cases; however, 10% of tumours develop resistance to trastuzumab. In this study, we collected data of primary breast cancer patients who treated at hospital during 2004-2014. In our cohort, 205 of 1497 primary breast cancer patients showed HER2-amplification, and 20 experienced recurrence after trastuzumab therapy...
January 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895678/prostate-brachytherapy-in-ghana-our-initial-experience
#19
James Edward Mensah, Joel Yarney, Verna Vanderpuye, Evans Akpakli, Samuel Tagoe, Evans Sasu
PURPOSE: This study presents the experience of a brachytherapy team in Ghana with a focus on technology transfer and outcome. The team was initially proctored by experienced physicians from Europe and South Africa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 consecutive patients underwent either brachytherapy alone or brachytherapy in combination with external beam radiotherapy for prostate carcinoma between July 2008 and February 2014 at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana...
October 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895366/intra-operative-implantation-errors-during-austin-moore-hemiarthroplasty
#20
Zohaib Gulzar Naqvi, Javed Ali Markhand, Syed Kamran Ahmed, Amin Chinoy, Mansoor Ali Khan
Austin Moore hemiarthroplasty is an established treatment in elderly patients with neck of femur fractures. Being commonly performed, it is also associated with several technical errors of implantation which results in complications and failure requiring revision surgery. This retrospective pre- and post-operative radiographic study to determine the frequency of technical errors was conducted at the Indus Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of 50 patients who underwent Austin Moore hemiarthroplasty between January and November 2016...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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