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Urinary incontinence diagnostic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763276/outcome-of-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-and-laparoscopic-assisted-ovariohysterectomy-in-dogs-278-cases-2003-2013
#1
Kayla M Corriveau, Michelle A Giuffrida, Philipp D Mayhew, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE To compare outcomes for laparoscopic ovariectomy (LapOVE) and laparoscopic-assisted ovariohysterectomy (LapOVH) in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 278 female dogs. PROCEDURES Medical records of female dogs that underwent laparoscopic sterilization between 2003 and 2013 were reviewed. History, signalment, results of physical examination, results of preoperative diagnostic testing, details of the surgical procedure, durations of anesthesia and surgery, intraoperative and immediate postoperative (ie, during hospitalization) complications, and short- (≤ 14 days after surgery) and long-term (> 14 days after surgery) outcomes were recorded...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753805/the-urinary-tract-microbiome-in-health-and-disease
#2
REVIEW
Isabel M Aragón, Bernardo Herrera-Imbroda, María I Queipo-Ortuño, Elisabeth Castillo, Julia Sequeira-García Del Moral, Jaime Gómez-Millán, Gozde Yucel, María F Lara
CONTEXT: The urinary tract, previously considered a sterile body niche, has emerged as the host of an array of bacteria in healthy individuals, revolutionizing the urology research field. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on microbiome implications in the urinary tract and the usefulness of probiotics/prebiotics and diet as treatment for urologic disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed and Medline from inception until July 2016...
November 14, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742722/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-functional-defecation-disorders-in-children
#3
Sophie Kuizenga-Wessel, Ilan J N Koppen, Mana H Vriesman, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marieke van Dijk, Maureen L R Beelen, Michael Groeneweg, Reino J Stoffelsen, Marc A Benninga
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children presenting with functional defecation disorders (FDDs) and to assess the prevalence of FDDs in children with ADHD. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study was carried out between September 2014 and May 2016. Group 1: Parents of children with FDDs according to the Rome III criteria completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the VvGK (Dutch questionnaire based on the American Disruptive Behavior Disorder rating scale)...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728207/-female-urethral-diverticulum-with-calculus-formation-imitating-stress-incontinence
#4
Leonidas Karapanos, Daniel Porres, David Pfister, Ilgar Akbarov, Axel Heidenreich, Vahudin Zugor
A female urethral diverticulum (UD) is a rare condition with a prevalence of 0.6 - 4.7 %. Possible aetiologies include chronic infection of the periurethral glands, childbirth trauma, and iatrogenic lesions after urethral manipulation. The main symptoms are recurrent urinary tract infections, post-void dribbling and leakage of urine or purulent discharge by movement, which is caused by the emptying of the diverticular lumen (paradoxical incontinence). As this may imitate stress urinary incontinence, the final diagnosis is a challenge for urologists...
July 20, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724392/a-prospective-study-assessing-agreement-and-reliability-of-a-geriatric-evaluation
#5
Isabella Locatelli, Stéfanie Monod, Jacques Cornuz, Christophe J Büla, Nicolas Senn
BACKGROUND: The present study takes place within a geriatric program, aiming at improving the diagnosis and management of geriatric syndromes in primary care. Within this program it was of prime importance to be able to rely on a robust and reproducible geriatric consultation to use as a gold standard for evaluating a primary care brief assessment tool. The specific objective of the present study was thus assessing the agreement and reliability of a comprehensive geriatric consultation...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723385/grey-zone-urinary-incontinence
#6
Andrea Tubaro, Arjun K Nambiar
Providing high-quality evidence in the field of urinary incontinence is difficult because the value of diagnostic tests must be evaluated through the filter of treatment outcome, and surgical treatments include an unavoidable amount of intrinsic variability. The scientific community should be commended for the gigantic effort made over the years to provide evidence upon which proper patient management can be based.
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723370/evaluation-and-management-of-postprostatectomy-incontinence-a-systematic-review-of-current-literature
#7
REVIEW
Alexander Kretschmer, Wilhelm Hübner, Jaspreet S Sandhu, Ricarda M Bauer
CONTEXT: Radical prostatectomy is the most common reason for male stress urinary incontinence. There is still uncertainty about its diagnostic and therapeutic management. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current evidence regarding the diagnosis and therapy of postprostatectomy incontinence (PPI). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of the literature was performed in October 2015 using the Medline database. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Diagnosis and conservative treatment of PPI are currently mostly based on expert opinions...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723230/retrograde-endourological-management-of-upper-urinary-tract-abnormalities-in-patients-with-ileal-conduit-urinary-diversion-a-dual-center-experience
#8
Louise Olson, Hywel Satherley, Paul Cleaveland, Bachar Zelhof, Max Mokete, Donald Neilson, Shalom Srirangam
INTRODUCTION: Patients with ileal conduit urinary diversions are at an increased risk of long-term upper urinary tract (UUT) complications, including anastomotic strictures, infections, and urolithiasis. The reconstructed urinary system poses challenges for endoscopic manipulation. We present and describe our dual-center experience in performing retrograde ureteroscopy to treat or diagnose UUT abnormalities in patients with ileal conduit incontinent diversion. PATIENT AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records for all patients with previous urinary diversion who underwent retrograde ureteroscopic procedures via the ileal loop in our institutions over a 9 year period (between June 2007 and August 2016)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721482/the-impact-of-urodynamics-on-treatment-and-outcomes-in-women-with-an-overactive-bladder-a-longitudinal-prospective-follow-up-study
#9
Tina Sara Verghese, Lee J Middleton, Jane P Daniels, Jonathan J Deeks, Pallavi Manish Latthe
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to establish if the management of women with overactive bladder (OAB) and patient-reported outcomes differed based on the findings of urodynamics (UDS). METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study conducted in urogynaecology clinics in 22 UK hospitals participating in the Diagnostic Accuracy of Bladder Ultrasound Study (BUS). A total of 687 women with OAB symptoms or urgency-predominant mixed urinary incontinence were recruited into a diagnostic study that used UDS as the reference standard...
July 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714010/ptprq-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#10
Yuki Nagata, Masahiko Bundo, Saiko Sugiura, Masahiro Kamita, Masaya Ono, Kotaro Hattori, Sumiko Yoshida, Yu-Ichi Goto, Katsuya Urakami, Shumpei Niida
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is caused by the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and is characterized by gait disturbance, urinary incontinence, and dementia. iNPH dementia is treatable by shunt operation; however, since the cognitive symptoms of iNPH are often similar to those of other dementias, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), accurate diagnosis of iNPH is difficult. To overcome this problem, the identification of novel diagnostic markers to distinguish iNPH and AD is warranted...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705574/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injuries
#11
REVIEW
Sandro Silva Gaspar, Natália Duarte Ferreira, Tiago Oliveira, Pedro Oliveira, José Santos Dias, Tome Matos Lopes
Pelvic fracture urethral injuries (PFUI) are devastating lesions leading to fibrosis and urethral disruption resulting in recurrent strictures, urinary incontinence, fistulae and even erectile dysfunction, representing a management problem for the urologist. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be a valuable tool in establishing or confirming the diagnosis by providing detailed anatomy and estimating disease extent. We present a comprehensive review of the current literature on the role of MRI on diagnostic evaluation and surgical management of these patients...
July 10, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681849/urinary-incontinence-in-women
#12
REVIEW
Yoshitaka Aoki, Heidi W Brown, Linda Brubaker, Jean Nicolas Cornu, J Oliver Daly, Rufus Cartwright
Urinary incontinence symptoms are highly prevalent among women, have a substantial effect on health-related quality of life and are associated with considerable personal and societal expenditure. Two main types are described: stress urinary incontinence, in which urine leaks in association with physical exertion, and urgency urinary incontinence, in which urine leaks in association with a sudden compelling desire to void. Women who experience both symptoms are considered as having mixed urinary incontinence...
July 6, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679177/cryotherapy-for-low-risk-prostate-cancer-oncological-and-functional-medium-term-outcomes-a-three-center-prospective-study
#13
Valerian Ciprian Lucan, Franco Lugnani, Salvatore Butticè, Emre Sener, Christopher Netsch, Michele Talso, Francesco Cantiello, Rosa Pappalardo, Carlo Magno
OBJECTIVES: Analyze the oncologic and functional outcomes in patients affected by low risk prostate cancer underwent prostate cryotherapy. Materiasl and methods: It's a prospective tricentric study of 434 patients treated with prostate cryoablation for low risk prostate cancer. By low risk we refer to the D'Amico's risk classification. Two cycles of freezing/thawing are run for each patient following the technique described by Onik. RESULTS: For the 434 patients, the median age was 66 years with a standard deviation of ± 6...
June 30, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623142/complication-of-newborn-circumcision-meatal-stenosis-or-meatal-web
#14
Mehmet Ali Özen, Gökhan Gündoğdu, Mehmet Taşdemir, Egemen Eroğlu
INTRODUCTION: Meatal stenosis (MS) is a known complication of newborn circumcision. Symptoms are usually masked in young kids with a diaper. Deflation of urinary stream, dysuria, urinary frequency, and incontinence are the most common reported symptoms. Diagnosis of MS is still controversial. A narrow pinpoint urethral meatus is the current accepted diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE: In our practice, we observed that our cases do not overlap to the classic definition and presentation of MS...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604456/urinary-polyamines-as-biomarkers-for-ovarian-cancer
#15
Riikka Johanna Niemi, Antti N Roine, Merja R Häkkinen, Pekka S Kumpulainen, Tuomo A Keinänen, Jouko J Vepsäläinen, Terho Lehtimäki, Niku K Oksala, Johanna U Mäenpää
OBJECTIVES: Elevated concentrations of polyamines have been found in urine of patients with malignant tumors, including ovarian cancer. Previous research has suffered from poorly standardized detection methods. Our liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method is capable of simultaneous standardized analysis of most known polyamines. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry has not previously been used in the differential diagnostics of ovarian tumors in postmenopausal women...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578116/the-timed-up-and-go-test-as-a-diagnostic-criterion-in-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#16
Gabriel André Silva Mendes, Matheus Fernandes de Oliveira, Fernando Campos Gomes Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) is a disease characterized by gait disturbance, urinary incontinence and dementia. Our objectives were to define an average value of the test for the population, check the specificity and test sensitivity as evaluation criteria and diagnostic testing and correlate with other already used more frequently. METHODS: A study conducted at the Neurosurgery Division of the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo in which a group of 30 patients with PNH was submitted to the Mini Mental State Test Examination, Time Up and Go (TUG) and Japanese scale for NPH, prior to the Tap Test 3 hours and 72 hours after the Tap Test...
May 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547273/case-distribution-and-complications-of-mid-urethral-sling-surgery-in-a-canadian-city-before-and-after-the-health-canada-advisory-on-pelvic-floor-mesh
#17
Kevin Carlson, Richard Baverstock, Andrea Civitarese, R Trafford Crump
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Increased incidences of complications related to the use of mid-urethral slings (MUS) for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence resulted in both the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Health Canada issuing advisories in 2008 and 2010 respectively. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect these advisories had on the number of surgeons performing MUS surgery and post-surgical complications in Calgary, Canada. METHODS: In this study, we conducted a retrospective analysis of administrative data between 2006 and 2011...
May 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527720/overactive-bladder-oab-a-symptom-in-search-of-a-disease-its-relationship-to-specific-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-conditions
#18
Jason P Van Batavia, Andrew J Combs, Angela M Fast, Kenneth I Glassberg
BACKGROUND: The ICCS defines OAB by the subjective symptom of urgency; detrusor overactivity (DO) is only implied. While no other symptom is required, OAB can also be associated with urinary frequency, decreased functional bladder capacity, and incontinence. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine how often these associated findings occur in OAB and what if any uroflow/EMG-defined conditions are found to be associated with it. METHODS: The charts of 548 children (231M, 318F; mean age 9...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507532/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-as-a-new-diagnostic-marker-for-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#19
Joana M Afonso, Manuel Falcão, Frank Schlichtenbrede, Fernando Falcão-Reis, Sérgio Estrela Silva, Till M Schneider
PURPOSE: Characterized by a progressive onset of gait disturbances, dementia, and urinary incontinence, idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is considered a rare, but under-diagnosed disease. Non-invasive diagnostic markers are still insufficient to enable the diagnosis of iNPH with certainty and yet early treatment with ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting can reverse symptoms and stop disease progression. Vascular circulation abnormalities in iNPH may be reflected by changes in subfoveal and peripapillary choroidal thickness (PPChT)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444713/do-we-assess-urethral-function-adequately-in-lutd-and-nlutd-ici-rs-2015
#20
REVIEW
Jerzy B Gajewski, Peter F W M Rosier, Sajjad Rahnama'i, Paul Abrams
INTRODUCTION: Urethral function, as well as anatomy, play a significant role in voiding reflex and abnormalities in one or both contribute to the pathophysiology of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction (LUTD). We have several diagnostic tools to assess the urethral function or dysfunction but the question remains, are these adequate? METHODS: This is a report of the proceedings of Think Tank P1: 'Do we assess urethral function adequately in LUTD and NLUTD?' from the annual International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society, which took place September 22-24, 2014 in Bristol, UK...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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