keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

prescription corticosteroids

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145237/the-impact-of-the-government-health-funding-on-prescribing-behaviors-in-community-health-institutions-in-china
#1
Gang Sun, Zuxun Lu, Yong Gan, Xiaoxin Dong, Yongbin Li, Yunxia Wang, Liqing Li
Government health funding (GHF) is a cosmopolitan problem. It is especially conspicuous in China, where drug sales become a main source of medical institutions' incomes due to limited GHF. This is well known as China's "drug maintain medical institutions (DMMIs)" system which results directly in very high use of antibiotics, injections, and corticosteroids. However, few statistical data existed in China on the association between the GHF and the prevalence of inappropriate drug prescribing, despite widespread acknowledgment of its existence...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131874/association-between-inhaled-corticosteroid-use-and-bone-fracture-in-children-with-asthma
#2
Natasha Gray, Andrew Howard, Jingqin Zhu, Laura Y Feldman, Teresa To
Importance: Daily use of inhaled corticosteroids is a widely recommended treatment for mild persistent asthma in children. There is concern that, similar to systemic corticosteroids, inhaled corticosteroids may have adverse effects on bone health. Objective: To determine whether there is an increased risk of bone fracture associated with inhaled corticosteroid use in children with asthma. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this population-based nested case-control study, we used health administrative databases to identify a cohort of children aged 2 to 18 years with a physician diagnosis of asthma between April 1, 2003, and March 31, 2014, who were eligible for public drug coverage through the Ontario Drug Benefit Program (Ontario, Canada)...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116901/use-of-ics-in-copd-from-blockbuster-medicine-to-precision-medicine
#3
Marco Contoli, Angelo G Corsico, Pierachille Santus, Fabiano Di Marco, Fulvio Braido, Paola Rogliani, Luigi Calzetta, Nicola Scichilone
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of mortality worldwide, whose burden is expected to increase in the next decades, because of numerous risk factors, including the aging of the population. COPD is both preventable and treatable by an effective management including risk factor reduction, prevention, assessment, and treatment of acute exacerbations and co-morbidities. The available agents approved for COPD treatment are long-acting or ultra-long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) and long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) bronchodilators, as well as inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in combination with LABAs...
November 8, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105270/inappropriate-inhaled-corticosteroid-prescribing-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#4
Amelia Harrison, Brigitte Borg, Bruce Thompson, Mark Hew, Eli Dabscheck
The Australian National Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) guidelines recommend that inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) be reserved for patients with a post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ) less than 50% predicted and those who experience ≥2 exacerbations in 12 months. In total, 707 COPD patients were identified from the lung function test database at our tertiary hospital; 52.4% of patients with a post-bronchodilator FEV1 ≥50% were prescribed an ICS. Significant discordance exists between guideline recommendations and inhaler prescription...
November 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081653/drug-utilization-and-therapy-provision-patterns-by-prescriber-types-among-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-korea
#5
Sooyoung Shin
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) poses a growing challenge for healthcare systems, affecting an increasing number of people in Korea. This study aimed to investigate the prescribing patterns of SLE therapies and to compare common drug regimens prescribed by provider types. METHODS: Sampled national health insurance claims data in 2015 were used to select eligible SLE patients. Frequency analyses were carried out regarding patient characteristics related to relevant SLE prescriptions...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067959/corticosteroid-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-detection-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-earlier-stages
#6
REVIEW
Li-Hua Liu, Qing-Yu Zhang, Wei Sun, Zi-Rong Li, Fu-Qiang Gao
OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to provide a current recommendation to multidisciplinary physicians for early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) based on a comprehensive analysis of the clinical literature. DATA SOURCES: For the purpose of collecting potentially eligible articles, we searched for articles in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and CNKI databases up to February 2017, using the following key words: "corticosteroid", "osteonecrosis of the femoral head", "risk factors", "diagnosis", "prognosis", and "treatment"...
November 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063436/non-prescription-treatment-options
#7
Sandy François, Kayla Felix, Leah Cardwell, Taylor Edwards, Zakiya Rice
The pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD) is complex and multifactorial. However, recent advancements in the genetics and pathophysiology of AD suggest that epidermal barrier dysfunction is paramount in the development and progression of the condition (Boguniewicz and Leung, Immunol Rev 242(1):233-246, 2011). In addition to standard therapy for AD, there are a plethora of non-prescription treatment modalities which may be employed. Over-the-counter treatments for atopic dermatitis can come in the form of topical corticosteroids, moisturizers/emollients, and oral anti-histamines...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063435/prescription-treatment-options
#8
Brad Ackerson, Ryan Thorpe, Matilda W Nicholas
Atopic dermatitis frequently requires the use of over-the-counter and prescription medications for effective management. Emollients and topical corticosteroids are effective for most patients and are the most commonly utilized agents by experienced dermatologists. Antihistamines, antibiotics, and calcineurin inhibitors may also prove helpful in the correct clinical scenarios. Severe atopic dermatitis, however, can be difficult to manage and not infrequently require substantial immunomodulatory medications. Targeted molecular therapies, such as dupilumab, are promising, emerging atopic dermatitis therapies...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061489/corticosteroid-therapy-exacerbates-the-reduction-of-melatonin-in-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Shima Dokoohaki, Majid Ghareghani, Amir Ghanbari, Naser Farhadi, Kazem Zibara, Heibatollah Sadeghi
OBJECTIVES: Corticosteroid therapy is employed in multiple sclerosis (MS), a neurological abnormality characterized by an inflammatory process. Melatonin, a potent sleep-promoting and circadian phase regulatory hormone, is produced mainly in the pineal gland whose inhibition leads to sleep disturbances. METHODS: In this study, methylprednisolone (MP) corticosteroid treatment was used in an acute experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) rat model (intraperitoneal, 30 mg/kg) and in MS patients (intravenous, 1000 mg/day), followed by assessing melatonin serum levels...
October 20, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044016/drug-induced-hypothyroidism
#10
Leonardo F L Rizzo, Daniela L Mana, Héctor A Serra
The thyroid axis is particularly prone to interactions with a wide variety of drugs, whose list increases year by year. Hypothyroidism is the most frequent consequence of drug-induced thyroid dysfunction. The main mechanisms involved in the development of primary hypothyroidism are: inhibition of the synthesis and/or release of thyroid hormones, immune mechanisms related to the use of interferon and other cytokines, and the induction of thyroiditis associated with the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors and drugs blocking the receptors for vascular endothelial growth factor...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992313/secular-trends-in-the-incidence-of-end-stage-renal-disease-and-its-risk-factors-in-japanese-patients-with-immunoglobulin-a-nephropathy
#11
Shigeru Tanaka, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Ritsuko Katafuchi, Kosuke Masutani, Akihiro Tsuchimoto, Masanori Tokumoto, Hideki Hirakata, Hiroaki Ooboshi, Takanari Kitazono, Kazuhiko Tsuruya
Background: There are limited data on secular trends in the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and frequencies of its risk factors or treatment modalities in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). Methods: This study divided 1255 patients with IgAN into three groups according to the timing of renal biopsy: 1979-89 ( n  = 232), 1990-99 ( n  = 574) and 2000-10 ( n  = 449). The age-adjusted incidence rates, incidence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for ESRD were calculated by the person-year method and compared using Poisson regression analysis...
July 19, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981633/impact-of-an-integrated-model-of-care-on-outcomes-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#12
Juan Nicolás Peña-Sánchez, Lisa M Lix, Gary F Teare, Wenbin Li, Sharyle A Fowler, Jennifer L Jones
Background and Aims: Studies evaluating the impact of integrated models of care [IMC] for inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] on disease-related outcomes are needed. We compared the risk of IBD-related outcomes and prescription medication claims between patients exposed and non-exposed to an IMC. Methods: A retrospective population-based matched cohort study was conducted between 2009 and 2015, using administrative health data of Saskatchewan, Canada. Patients aged 18+ years with a diagnosis of IBD were identified with a validated administrative definition...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970463/prevalence-of-self-medication-among-students-of-pharmacy-and-medicine-colleges-of-a-public-sector-university-in-dammam-city-saudi-arabia
#13
Fatimah Ali Albusalih, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Pharmacy and medical students are expected to be more knowledgeable regarding rational use of medications as compared to the general public. A cross-sectional study was conducted among students of pharmacy and medicine colleges of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University in Dammam, Saudi Arabia using a survey questionnaire. The duration of the study was six months. The aim was to report self-medication prevalence of prescription and non-prescription drugs among pharmacy and medical students. The prevalence of self-medication in the pharmacy college was reported at 19...
September 4, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955230/use-of-oral-corticosteroids-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-the-elderly-in-a-case-control-study
#14
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
Aim: Little is known regarding the relationship between use of oral corticosteroids and hip fracture in the elderly in Taiwan. The aim of the study was to examine this issue. Methods: A retrospective population-based case-control study using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program (2000-2013) was conducted. We identified 4538 individuals aged ≥ 65 years with newly diagnosed hip fracture as the cases. We randomly selected 4538 individuals without hip fracture as the control subjects. The cases and the control subjects were matched with sex, age, comorbidities, and the year of index date...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953630/orofacial-granulomatosis-a-case-report-of-three-cases-may-be-caused-by-apical-periodontitis
#15
Wenyi Zhang, Jia Wang, Xixi Yu, Wanchun Wang
RATIONALE: Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a rare disease characterized by noncaseating granulomatous inflammation. The most common clinical presentation is persistent swelling of the soft tissues in the oral and maxillofacial regions. The precise cause of OFG is unknown. Corticosteroids are the first-line and best treatment, but there is lack of uniform treatment prescription and standard. It is important to identify the pathogen in order to improve treatment specificity. PATIENT CONCERNS: Three patients presented with recurring lip swelling and cobblestone formation on buccal mucosa, complained of toothache or dental caries for many years...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949018/a-multi-centre-audit-of-excess-steroid-use-in-1176-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
C P Selinger, G C Parkes, A Bassi, E Fogden, B Hayee, J K Limdi, H Ludlow, S McLaughlin, P Patel, M Smith, T Raine
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids are central to inducing remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) but are ineffective maintenance agents. AIM: To benchmark steroid usage in British outpatients and assess factors associated with excess exposure. METHODS: We recorded steroid use in unselected IBD outpatients. Cases meeting criteria for steroid dependency or excess were blind peer reviewed to determine whether steroid prescriptions were avoidable...
September 26, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929816/which-inhaled-corticosteroid-and-long-acting-%C3%AE-agonist-combination-is-better-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-asthma-a-dry-powder-inhaler-or-a-pressurized-metered-dose-inhaler
#17
Masato Muraki, Kyuya Gose, Soichiro Hanada, Hirochiyo Sawaguchi, Yuji Tohda
Two main types of devices are used to facilitate the administration of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and long-acting β-agonist (LABA) in combination, dry powder inhalers (DPIs) and pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs). There are few reports comparing the effects of the two devices, and it is unknown which should be recommended for asthma patients with given sets of characteristics. In the current study, the beneficial effects and side effects associated with DPIs and pMDIs were compared, and the question of which device should be recommended for asthma patients was investigated...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919832/seasonal-patterns-of-oral-antihistamine-and-intranasal-corticosteroid-purchases-from-australian-community-pharmacies-a-retrospective-observational-study
#18
A Simon Carney, David B Price, Pete K Smith, Richard Harvey, Vicky Kritikos, Sinthia Z Bosnic-Anticevich, Louise Christian, Derek A Skinner, Victoria Carter, Alice Ms Durieux
PURPOSE: To explore patterns in the purchase of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) oral antihistamines (OAHs) and intranasal corticosteroids (INCSs) by patients, from pharmacies in different geographical regions of Australia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study using a database containing anonymous pharmacy transaction data from 20.0% of the pharmacies in Australia that link doctor prescriptions and OTC information. Pharmacy purchases of at least one prescription or OTC rhinitis treatment during 2013 and 2014 were assessed...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918400/healthcare-resource-use-and-costs-of-severe-uncontrolled-eosinophilic-asthma-in-the-uk-general-population
#19
Marjan Kerkhof, Trung N Tran, Joan B Soriano, Sarowar Golam, Danny Gibson, Elizabeth V Hillyer, David B Price
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of severe, uncontrolled eosinophilic asthma (SUEA) and associated costs. AIMS: We sought to determine the prevalence of SUEA and compare asthma-related healthcare resource use (HCRU) and associated costs with overall means for a general asthma population. METHODS: This cohort study evaluated anonymised medical record data (December 1989 through June 2015) from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink and the Optimum Patient Care Research Database to study UK patients with active asthma (diagnostic code and one or more drug prescriptions in the baseline year), aged 5 years and older, without concomitant COPD, and with recorded eosinophil count...
September 16, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904977/misuse-of-topical-corticosteroids-for-cosmetic-purpose-in-antananarivo-madagascar
#20
F A Sendrasoa, I M Ranaivo, M Andrianarison, O Raharolahy, N H Razanakoto, L S Ramarozatovo, F Rapelanoro Rabenja
This cross-sectional study was conducted in Antananarivo, Madagascar, from June to September 2012. We aim to evaluate the misuse of TC on the face for cosmetic purpose and the adverse effects due to its application. A questionnaire-based analysis was done among females who use topical corticosteroids on the face for cosmetic purpose. Of the 770 women questioned, 384 (49,8%) used topical corticosteroids for cosmetic purpose whose mean age was 38 years (range 16-73 years). Two hundred and sixty-one females (68%) used TC combined with handcrafted cosmetics, and 123 (32%) used TC alone...
2017: BioMed Research International
keyword
keyword
95578
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"