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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650247/burden-of-alcohol-abuse-or-dependence-among-long-term-opioid-users-with-chronic-noncancer-pain
#1
Pamela B Landsman-Blumberg, Nathaniel Katz, Kavita Gajria, Anna D Coutinho, Paul P Yeung, Richard White
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse disorders among chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) patients add to the clinical challenges and economic burden of caring for such patients. Despite potential risks, some CNCP patients with a history of alcohol abuse or dependence (AAD) and pain that is refractory to nonopioid treatment options may still need opioids for pain management. However, there is a lack of data on adverse outcomes in long-term opioid users with CNCP and a history of substance abuse or AAD disorders...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647680/a-retrospective-review-of-unintentional-opioid-overdose-risk-and-mitigating-factors-among-acutely-injured-trauma-patients
#2
Jannette Baird, Mark Faul, Traci C Green, Jonathan Howland, Charles A Adams, Ann George, Michael J Mello
BACKGROUND: Opioid medication to treat acutely injured patients is usual care in trauma settings. A higher prevalence of alcohol and other substance misuse in this population compared to the general population increases the vulnerability of such patients to both misuse of their prescribed opioids, and also unintentional opioid overdose. The primary purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of substance use and unintentional opioid overdose risk among acutely injured trauma patients, and to examine the frequency and predictors of high opioid dose at discharge...
June 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646524/risk-factors-for-severe-respiratory-depression-from-prescription-opioid-overdose
#3
Lindsay M Fox, Robert S Hoffman, David Vlahov, Alex F Manini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prescription opioid overdose is a leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality in the US. We aimed to identify characteristics associated with clinical severity in emergency department patients with prescription opioid overdose. DESIGN: This was a secondary data analysis of adult prescription opioid overdoses from a large prospective cohort of acute overdoses. We examined elements of a typical emergency department evaluation using a multivariable model to determine which characteristics were associated with clinical severity, specifically severe respiratory depression (SRD)...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644747/pain-management-and-prescription-opioid-related-harms-exploring-the-state-of-the-evidence-proceedings-of-a-workshop-in-brief
#4
Arthur G Lipman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640946/physicians-non-uniform-approach-to-prescribing-drugs-to-older-patients-a-qualitative-study
#5
Line Due Christensen, Janne Petersen, Ove Andersen, Susanne Kaae
Multi-morbidity and polypharmacy are common in older patients and increase their susceptibility to adverse drug events and hospitalizations. Rational drug prescription is critical, however, little is known about physicians' perspectives on how to prescribe drugs for older patients. The aim of this study was to explore physicians' approach to prescribe drugs to older patients, including identifying the drugs that physicians perceive to be risk drugs for older patients and comparing them with established lists of potentially inappropriate medications...
June 22, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639031/opioid-use-among-female-breast-cancer-patients-using-different-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-regimens
#6
Xi Tan, Tareq Fabian Camacho, Virginia T LeBaron, Leslie J Blackhall, Rajesh Balkrishnan
PURPOSE: To explore differences in opioid use across different adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) regimens, factors associated with opioid use, and the impact of opioid use on overall survival in female breast cancer patients treated with AET. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 2006-2012 SEER-Medicare datasets, following patients for at least two years from the index date, defined as the first date they filled an AET prescription. The study included adult women with incident, primary, hormone-receptor-positive, stage I-III breast cancer...
June 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636707/incidence-and-predictors-of-opioid-prescription-at-discharge-after-traumatic-injury
#7
Muhammad Ali Chaudhary, Andrew J Schoenfeld, Alyssa F Harlow, Anju Ranjit, Rebecca Scully, Ritam Chowdhury, Meesha Sharma, Stephanie Nitzschke, Tracey Koehlmoos, Adil H Haider
Importance: In the current health care environment with increased scrutiny and growing concern regarding opioid use and abuse, there has been a push toward greater regulation over prescriptions of opioids. Trauma patients represent a population that may be affected by this regulation, as the incidence of pain at hospital discharge is greater than 95%, and opioids are considered the first line of treatment for pain management. However, the use of opioid prescriptions in trauma patients at hospital discharge has not been explored...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635354/the-effects-of-food-on-opioid-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-and-pharmacological-parameters-a-systematic-review
#8
Robert B Raffa, Robert Colucci, Joseph V Pergolizzi
Opioids remain the standard of care for treating moderate to severe pain resulting from surgery or injury in cases of acute pain, and are recommended for patients who have not responded to nonopioid analgesics. Effective management of pain has an impact on clinical course and often depends on achieving an acceptable balance between opioid efficacy, safety, and tolerability. Common opioid-related adverse events such as nausea and vomiting are associated with an overall lower achievement of effective pain management and patient satisfaction...
June 21, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635179/changing-trends-in-opioid-use-among-u-s-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#9
Jeffrey R Curtis, Fenglong Xie, Christian Smith, Kenneth G Saag, Lang Chen, Timothy Beukelman, Melissa Mannion, Huifeng Yun, Stefan Kertesz
Introduction Opioid prescribing recently has come under intense scrutiny. However, longitudinal patterns of opioid prescription receipt in a population-based cohort of patients who have chronic pain, such as those with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), have not been well characterized. Methods We identified a cohort of RA patients based on 2006-2014 Medicare data and evaluated longitudinal time trends in regular opioid use (>=3 filled prescriptions in each 12 month interval). A separate analysis in 2014 assessed rheumatologist-specific variability in regular opioid prescription for RA patients...
June 21, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633638/evaluating-the-impact-of-prescription-drug-monitoring-program-implementation-a-scoping-review
#10
Erin P Finley, Ashley Garcia, Kristen Rosen, Don McGeary, Mary Jo Pugh, Jennifer Sharpe Potter
BACKGROUND: Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) have been implemented in 49 out of 50 states in an effort to reduce opioid-related misuse, abuse, and mortality, yet the literature evaluating the impact of PDMP implementation remains limited. We conducted a scoping review to: (1) describe available evidence regarding impact of PDMPs in the U.S.; and (2) propose a conceptual model to inform future PDMP implementation and evaluation efforts. METHODS: Scoping systematic review following Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) methodology...
June 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632485/will-strict-limits-on-opioid-prescription-duration-prevent-addiction-advocating-for-evidence-based-policymaking
#11
Mallika L Mundkur, Adam J Gordon, Stefan G Kertesz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631577/the-impact-of-opioid-medications-on-subsequent-fractures-in-discharged-emergency-department-patients-with-peripheral-vertigo
#12
Keerat Grewal, Peter C Austin, Moira K Kapral, Hong Lu, Clare L Atzema
BACKGROUND: Vertigo is common in the emergency department (ED). Most aetiologies are peripheral and do not require hospitalization, but many patients still fear falling. Some patients may be taking opioid analgesic medications (for other reasons); the risk of falls leading to fractures among patients with vertigo could be potentiated by the simultaneous use of opioids. OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk of fractures in discharged ED patients with peripheral vertigo who were being prescribed opioids during the same time period...
June 20, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631227/frequent-occurrence-of-pain-and-prescription-opioid-use-for-treatment-of-pain-among-women-with-and-at-risk-for-hiv-infection
#13
Anjali Sharma, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Jennie C I Tsao, Christopher Cox, Deborah R Gustafson, Kathleen Weber, Ruth M Greenblatt, Bradley E Aouizerat, Michael W Plankey
Pain is frequent and underreported among HIV+ women. We determined occurrence and severity of pain, and types of pain treatments used among HIV+ and HIV- women. Cross-sectional analyses of pain as measured by the Brief Pain Inventory Short Form, and related pain therapies nested in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Multiple variable linear regression models examined differences by HIV status in pain severity and pain interference in general activity, mood, ability to walk, work, relationships with others, sleep, and enjoyment of life...
June 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626504/comparing-healthcare-utilization-and-costs-among-medicaid-insured-patients-with-chronic-noncancer-pain-with-and-without-opioid-induced-constipation-a-retrospective-analysis
#14
Tope Olufade, Amanda M Kong, Nicole Princic, Paul Juneau, Rucha Kulkarni, Kui Zhang, Catherine Datto
BACKGROUND: Constipation is a common adverse effect of opioid use and has been associated with increased healthcare utilization and costs among patients receiving opioids for pain management. OBJECTIVE: To compare the healthcare utilization and costs of Medicaid patients with chronic noncancer pain with and without constipation who were receiving opioids. METHODS: This retrospective, claims-based study was conducted using data from the Truven Health MarketScan Medicaid Multi-State database...
April 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625446/a-novel-treatment-for-chronic-opioid-use-after-surgery
#15
Paul F White, Ofelia Loani Elvir-Lazo, Hector Hernandez
In a recent article from the Center for Disease Control, the authors addressed the current opioid epidemic in America and emphasized the importance of utilizing non-opioid analgesic alternatives to opioid medication for treating chronic pain. In cases where non-opioid analgesic drugs alone have failed to produce adequate pain relief, these authors suggested that non-pharmacologic therapies should also be considered. This Case Series describes a pilot study designed to evaluate a novel non-pharmacologic approach to treating long-standing (>1year) opioid dependency...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623381/-the-use-of-prescription-drugs-with-dependence-potential-in-germany-a-prospective-analysis-of-prescriptions-in-the-public-healthcare-system-between-2006-and-2010
#16
Sven Buth, Rüdiger Holzbach, Moritz Rosenkranz, Uwe Verthein
BACKGROUND: In Germany, about 1.4 to 2.6 million people are dependent on prescription drugs, mainly benzodiazepine derivatives and opioid analgesics. Despite this large number of affected people, studies on prescription behaviour and drug intake are scarce. There are particularly few empirical findings available with regard to elderly people age 65 and over who are disproportionally affected by prescription drug abuse. METHODS: The North German Pharmacy Computing Centre (Norddeutsches Apothekenrechenzentrum, NARZ) collects the prescription data of about 11 million citizens and covers over 80% of drug pharmacies in North Germany...
June 16, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622626/age-related-patterns-in-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-and-disorder-in-the-us-population-at-ages-12-34-from-2002-to-2014
#17
Mei-Chen Hu, Pamela Griesler, Melanie Wall, Denise B Kandel
OBJECTIVES: To estimate age-related patterns in nonmedical prescription opioid (NMPO) use in the US population and disorder among past-year users at ages 12-34 between 2002 and 2014, controlling for period and birth-cohort effects. METHODS: Data are from 13 consecutive cross-sectional National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (N=542,556). Synthetic longitudinal cohorts spanning ages 12-34 were created and an age-period-cohort analysis was implemented based on the Intrinsic Estimator algorithm...
May 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622079/use-of-an-automated-mobile-phone-messaging-robot-in-postoperative-patient-monitoring
#18
Chris A Anthony, Ericka A Lawler, Christina M Ward, Ines C Lin, Apurva S Shah
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone messaging software robots allow clinicians and healthcare systems to communicate with patients without the need for human intervention. The purpose of this study was to (1) describe a method for communicating with patients postoperatively outside of the traditional healthcare setting by utilizing an automated software and mobile phone messaging platform and to (2) evaluate the first week of postoperative pain and opioid use after common ambulatory hand surgery procedures...
June 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619266/patterns-of-use-and-factors-associated-with-early-discontinuation-of-opioids-following-major-trauma
#19
Muhammad Ali Chaudhary, Rebecca Scully, Wei Jiang, Ritam Chowdhury, Cheryl K Zogg, Meesha Sharma, Anju Ranjit, Tracey Koehlmoos, Adil H Haider, Andrew J Schoenfeld
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate use of prescription opioids is a growing public-health issue. We sought to estimate the proportion of traumatic injury patients using legal prescription opioids up to 1-year after hospitalization. METHODS: We used 2006-2014 claims data from TRICARE insurance to identify adults hospitalized secondary to trauma between 2007 and 2013. Prescription opioid use was evaluated for one-year post-discharge. Risk-adjusted Cox Proportional-hazards models were used to evaluate predictors of opioid discontinuation...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617176/university-student-perceptions-about-the-motives-for-and-consequences-of-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-nmupd
#20
Kathleen A Parks, Kristine Levonyan-Radloff, Sarahmona M Przybyla, Sherri Darrow, Mark Muraven, Amy Hequembourg
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to increase qualitative understanding of student motives for and consequences associated with nonmedical use of prescription drugs. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-one students participated in eight focus groups between April and November 2013. METHODS: Students described prescription drugs commonly used for nonmedical reasons, as well as the motives for and consequences associated with their use. Data were analyzed using thematic content analysis...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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