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Progressive non-fluent aphasia

Claire M O'Connor, Lindy Clemson, Emma Flanagan, Cassandra Kaizik, Henry Brodaty, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, Eneida Mioshi
BACKGROUND: The contribution of behavioural changes to functional decline is yet to be explored in primary progressive aphasia (PPA). OBJECTIVES: (1) investigate functional changes in two PPA variants [semantic (svPPA) and non-fluent (nfvPPA)], at baseline and after 12 months; (2) investigate baseline differences in behavioural changes between groups, and (3) explore predictors of functional decline after a 12-month period. METHODS: A longitudinal study involving 29 people with PPA (18 svPPA; 11 nfvPPA) seen annually in Sydney/Australia was conducted...
September 30, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Chiara Cerami, Alessandra Dodich, Lucia Greco, Sandro Iannaccone, Giuseppe Magnani, Alessandra Marcone, Elisabetta Pelagallo, Roberto Santangelo, Stefano F Cappa, Daniela Perani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a clinical syndrome due to different neurodegenerative conditions in which an accurate early diagnosis needs to be supported by a reliable diagnostic tool at the individual level. In this study, we investigated in PPA the FDG-PET brain metabolic patterns at the single-subject level, in order to assess the case-to-case variability and its relationship with clinical-neuropsychological findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 55 patients (i...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Eloi Magnin, Jean-François Démonet, David Wallon, Julien Dumurgier, Anne-Cécile Troussière, Alain Jager, Emmanuelle Duron, Audrey Gabelle, Vincent de la Sayette, Lisette Volpe-Gillot, Gregory Tio, Sarah Evain, Claire Boutoleau-Bretonnière, Adeline Enderle, François Mouton-Liger, Philippe Robert, Didier Hannequin, Florence Pasquier, Jacques Hugon, Claire Paquet
BACKGROUND: Few demographical data about primary progressive aphasia (PPA) are available, and most knowledge regarding PPA is based on tertiary centers' results. OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to describe demographical characteristics of the PPA population in a large sample of PPA patients from the network of French Alzheimer plan memory centers (Sample 1), and to describe the stratification of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers in two different samples of PPA patients (Samples 2 and 3)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Sara M G Cioffi, Daniela Galimberti, Federica Barocco, Marco Spallazzi, Chiara Fenoglio, Maria Serpente, Marina Arcaro, Simona Gardini, Elio Scarpini, Paolo Caffarra
Mutations in progranulin gene (GRN) are a common cause of autosomal dominant frontotemporal lobar degeneration syndromes and are associated with a wide phenotypic heterogeneity. The majority of genetic defects in GRN consists of loss-of-function mutations, causing haploinsufficiency, and is associated with extremely low plasma progranulin levels. Herein, we describe a patient who developed language dysfunctions and memory disturbances at 63 years of age. Considering the early onset and the positive family history (sister aged 50 with non-fluent/agrammatic variant of primary progressive aphasia, father with behavioral disturbances in his sixties), a genetic analysis was carried out, showing the presence of a novel mutation [g...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
D Li, L N Zhao, H M Jin, M Zhang, D M Guo, Y Y Yu, L Y Wu, Y Tang, F Y Li, A H Zhou, Y Han, J P Jia
OBJECTIVE: To decipher the cognitive and linguistic feature of logopenic variant primary progressive aphasia (lv-PPA) and nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia (nfv-PPA) and to explore the extent to which cognitive and language impairment contribute to the dysfunction of activity of daily living(ADL). METHODS: Seven lv-PPA and five nfv-PPA were enrolled in memory clinic of Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2015 to January 2016 accordig to the international consensus criteria for PPA and its three subtypes...
August 2, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Felix Gervits, Sharon Ash, H Branch Coslett, Katya Rascovsky, Murray Grossman, Roy Hamilton
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by gradual deterioration of language function. We investigated whether two weeks of daily transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) treatment would improve language abilities in six people with a non-fluent form of PPA. tDCS was applied in an unblinded trial at an intensity of 1.5mA for 20min/day over 10days. At the time of stimulation, patients were engaged in narrating one of several children's wordless picture stories. A battery of neuropsychological assessments was administered four times: at baseline, immediately following the 2-week stimulation period, and then 6-weeks and 12-weeks following the end of stimulation...
August 11, 2016: Brain and Language
Maria Luisa Mandelli, Eduard Vilaplana, Jesse A Brown, H Isabel Hubbard, Richard J Binney, Suneth Attygalle, Miguel A Santos-Santos, Zachary A Miller, Mikhail Pakvasa, Maya L Henry, Howard J Rosen, Roland G Henry, Gil D Rabinovici, Bruce L Miller, William W Seeley, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini
Neurodegeneration has been hypothesized to follow predetermined large-scale networks through the trans-synaptic spread of toxic proteins from a syndrome-specific epicentre. To date, no longitudinal neuroimaging study has tested this hypothesis in vivo in frontotemporal dementia spectrum disorders. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that longitudinal progression of atrophy in non-fluent/agrammatic variant primary progressive aphasia spreads over time from a syndrome-specific epicentre to additional regions, based on their connectivity to the epicentre in healthy control subjects...
August 6, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Jennifer M Harris, Matthew Jones, Claire Gall, Anna M T Richardson, David Neary, Daniel du Plessis, Piyali Pal, David M A Mann, Julie S Snowden, Jennifer C Thompson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the co-occurrence of language and behavioural impairment in patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) spectrum pathology. METHODS: Eighty-one dementia patients with pathological confirmation of FTLD were identified. Anonymized clinical records from patients' first assessment were rated for language and behavioural features from frontotemporal dementia consensus criteria, primary progressive aphasia (PPA) criteria and 1998 FTLD criteria...
May 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
Jennifer Cupit, Naida L Graham, Carol Leonard, David Tang-Wai, Sandra E Black, Elizabeth Rochon
Using an anagram task, we investigated longitudinal syntactic production by individuals with semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA) and non-fluent variant PPA (nfvPPA), compared to controls. The accuracy of the production of active and passive, and reversible and non-reversible sentences, as well as of wh- questions was compared across the three groups. Results showed a different pattern of syntactic impairment across the two patient groups. The nfvPPA group showed difficulty with wh- questions at Time 1 and impairment with the passive structure approximately one year later, at Time 2...
July 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychology
Patrick Oeckl, Petra Steinacker, Emily Feneberg, Markus Otto
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a spectrum of rare neurodegenerative diseases with overlapping symptoms and neuropathology. It includes the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), the semantic and non-fluent variant of primary progressive aphasia (svPPA and nfvPPA), FTD with motor neuron disease (FTD-MND), progressive supranuclear palsy, and corticobasal syndrome. The diagnosis of the FTLD spectrum of diseases is based on clinical symptoms which hampers the differentiation of the diseases among each other and with other disorders that show a similar clinical appearance resulting in a high rate of misdiagnoses...
August 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Manon Grube, Rose Bruffaerts, Jolien Schaeverbeke, Veerle Neyens, An-Sofie De Weer, Alexandra Seghers, Bruno Bergmans, Eva Dries, Timothy D Griffiths, Rik Vandenberghe
The extent to which non-linguistic auditory processing deficits may contribute to the phenomenology of primary progressive aphasia is not established. Using non-linguistic stimuli devoid of meaning we assessed three key domains of auditory processing (pitch, timing and timbre) in a consecutive series of 18 patients with primary progressive aphasia (eight with semantic variant, six with non-fluent/agrammatic variant, and four with logopenic variant), as well as 28 age-matched healthy controls. We further examined whether performance on the psychoacoustic tasks in the three domains related to the patients' speech and language and neuropsychological profile...
June 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Mika Otsuki
This article provides an overview of the historical entity hitherto, the pivotal clinical symptoms of FTLD (frontotemporal lobar degeneration), and an introduction for the revised criteria for bvFTD (behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia): FTDC (International Behavioral Variant FTD Criteria Consortium) presented by Rascovsky et al(2011), and the classification criteria for PPA(primary progressive aphasia) heralded by Gorno-Tempini et al (2011). According to the former criteria, bvFTD can be diagnosed by the clinical symptoms as having possible bvFTD or probable bvFTD, and the pathological findings could lead definite bvFTD...
March 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Shuling Liu, Yi Jin, Zhihong Shi, Ya Ruth Huo, Yalin Guan, Mengyuan Liu, Shuai Liu, Yong Ji
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Caregivers of individuals with neurodegenerative diseases, including frontotemporal dementia (FTD), Lewy body dementia (DLB), and Alzheimer's disease (AD), experience high levels of psychological and physical stress, likely due to behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). This study is the first to simultaneously evaluate the effects of BPSD on caregiver burden in these three types of dementia. METHOD: A total of 214 dementia patients, including probable FTD (n = 82), DLB (n = 22), and AD (n = 110), as well as their primary caregivers, were assessed using psychological inventories and cognitive evaluation...
February 16, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Kalyani Kansal, Manisha Mareddy, Kelly L Sloane, Alexa A Minc, Peter V Rabins, John B McGready, Chiadi U Onyike
BACKGROUND: Survival in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is not well understood. We conducted a mixed effects meta-analysis of survival in FTD to examine phenotype differences and contributory factors. METHODS: The PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Cochrane databases were searched for studies describing survival or natural history of behavioral variant FTD (bvFTD), progressive non-fluent aphasia (PNFA), semantic dementia (SD), FTD with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FTD-ALS), progressive supranuclear palsy and corticobasal degeneration...
2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Maria Luisa Mandelli, Paolo Vitali, Miguel Santos, Maya Henry, Kelly Gola, Lynne Rosenberg, Nina Dronkers, Bruce Miller, William W Seeley, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini
The non-fluent/agrammatic variant of primary progressive aphasia (nfvPPA) and the behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) are focal neurodegenerative disorders belonging to the FTD-spectrum clinical syndromes. NfvPPA is characterized by effortful speech and/or agrammatism and left frontal atrophy, while bvFTD is characterized by social-emotional dysfunction often accompanied by right-lateralized frontal damage. Despite their contrasting clinical presentations, both disorders show prominent left anterior insula atrophy...
January 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Phillip D Fletcher, Laura E Downey, Hannah L Golden, Camilla N Clark, Catherine F Slattery, Ross W Paterson, Jonathan D Rohrer, Jonathan M Schott, Martin N Rossor, Jason D Warren
Symptoms suggesting altered processing of pain and temperature have been described in dementia diseases and may contribute importantly to clinical phenotypes, particularly in the frontotemporal lobar degeneration spectrum, but the basis for these symptoms has not been characterized in detail. Here we analysed pain and temperature symptoms using a semi-structured caregiver questionnaire recording altered behavioural responsiveness to pain or temperature for a cohort of patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (n = 58, 25 female, aged 52-84 years, representing the major clinical syndromes and representative pathogenic mutations in the C9orf72 and MAPT genes) and a comparison cohort of patients with amnestic Alzheimer's disease (n = 20, eight female, aged 53-74 years)...
November 2015: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Chris Code, Jeremy J Tree, Peter Mariën
Investigations of neurodegenerative disorders may reveal functional relationships in the cognitive system. C.S. was a 63-year-old right-handed man with post-mortem confirmed Pick's disease with a range of progressive impairments including non-fluent aphasia, speech, limb, oculomotor, and buccofacial apraxia, but mostly intact intelligence, perception, orientation, memory, semantics, and phonology. During progression, agrammatism in writing with impairments in syntactic comprehension emerged in parallel with an unusual graphomotor deficit in drawing and writing, with an increasing deterioration of graphic short-term memory...
September 12, 2015: Journal of Neuropsychology
M Stamelou, J Diehl-Schmid, A Hapfelmeier, D Kontaxopoulou, L Stefanis, W H Oertel, K P Bhatia, S G Papageorgiou, G U Höglinger
BACKGROUND: The frontal assessment battery (FAB) has been suggested as a useful tool in the differential diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy with parkinsonism (MSA-P). However, the utility of the FAB in the differential diagnosis of PSP from frontotemporal dementia (FTD) phenotypes is still under research. METHODS: We performed the FAB, in a multi-centre cohort of 70 PSP, 103 FTD (N = 84 behavioral variant FTD, N = 10 semantic dementia, N = 9 progressive non-fluent aphasia), 26 PD and 11 MSA-P patients, diagnosed according to established criteria...
October 2015: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Gail A Robinson, Donna Spooner, William J Harrison
Frontal dynamic aphasia is characterised by a profound reduction in spontaneous speech despite well-preserved naming, repetition and comprehension. Since Luria (1966, 1970) designated this term, two main forms of dynamic aphasia have been identified: one, a language-specific selection deficit at the level of word/sentence generation, associated with left inferior frontal lesions; and two, a domain-general impairment in generating multiple responses or connected speech, associated with more extensive bilateral frontal and/or frontostriatal damage...
October 2015: Neuropsychologia
Emilia J Sitek, Anna Barczak, Klaudia Kluj-Kozłowska, Marcin Kozłowski, Maria Barcikowska, Jarosław Sławek
Current classification of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) encompasses three variants: non-fluent (nfvPPA), semantic (svPPA) and logopenic (lvPPA). Previously lvPPA was regarded as aphasic form of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, not all patients with lvPPA phenotype present with AD pathology. Despite abundant literature on differentiation of lvPPA from svPPA and nfvPPA, studies comparing lvPPA with AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are scarce. This study aimed at analyzing written descriptive output in lvPPA, AD and MCI...
2015: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
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