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Jing Wang, Meizhu Zheng, Lina Chen, Zhiqiang Liu, Yuchi Zhang, Chun-Ming Liu, Shu Liu
Hydroxyl radicals are the most reactive free radical of human body, a strong contributor to tissue damage. In this study, liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry was applied to screen and identify hydroxyl radical scavengers from the total flavonoids of Ginkgo biloba leaves, and high-performance counter current chromatography was used to separate and isolate the active compounds. Furthermore, molecular devices was used to determine hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of the obtained hydroxyl radical scavengers and other flavonoids from Ginkgo biloba leaves...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Minghui Chen, Xueshi Wang, Daolong Zha, Fangfang Cai, Wenjing Zhang, Yan He, Qilai Huang, Hongqin Zhuang, Zi-Chun Hua
Apigenin (APG) is an edible plant-derived flavonoid that shows modest antitumor activities in vitro and in vivo. APG treatment results in cell growth arrest and apoptosis in various types of tumors by modulating several signaling pathways. In the present study, we evaluated interactions between APG and TRAIL in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. We observed a synergistic effect between APG and TRAIL on apoptosis of NSCLC cells. A549 cells and H1299 cells were resistant to TRAIL treatment alone. The presence of APG sensitized NSCLC cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by upregulating the levels of death receptor 4 (DR4) and death receptor 5 (DR5) in a p53-dependent manner...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Muhammad Nasimullah Qureshi, Guenther Stecher, Guenther Karl Bonn
Flavonoids have been of considerable importance and interest because of their medicinal activity. Responding to their numerous health benefits, a comparative study on the quantitative determination of total polyphenolic compounds and flavonoids was carried out in Achillea millefolium and Equisetum arvense. Total polyphenolic compounds were quantified by Folin-Ciocalteau method using different solvents in order to prove their extraction efficiency. Focus within total polyphenolic quantification study was placed on the traditional reflux and solvents used were: water, 100% acetone, 100% ethanol, 80% ethanol, 50% methanol and 70% methanol...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Yan-Zhen Zheng, Yu Zhou, Qin Liang, Da-Fu Chen, Rui Guo, Rong-Cai Lai
In this work, hydrogen-bonding interactions between apigenin and water/ethanol were investigated from a theoretical perspective using quantum chemical calculations. Two conformations of apigenin molecule were considered in this work. The following results were found. (1) For apigenin monomer, the molecular structure is non-planar, and all of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms can be hydrogen-bonding sites. (2) Eight and seven optimized geometries are obtained for apigenin (I)-H2O/CH3CH2OH and apigenin (II)-H2O/CH3CH2OH complexes, respectively...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
Etil Guzelmeric, Petar Ristivojević, Irena Vovk, Dušanka Milojković-Opsenica, Erdem Yesilada
Chamomile tea composed of dried flower heads of Matricaria recutita L. (Asteraceae) is one of the most popular single ingredient herbal teas. Tea industries, spice shops or public bazaars are mostly supplied chamomile as a raw material via cultivation or through nature-picking. However, one of the drawbacks of nature-picking is adulteration. This could be either due to false authentication of the plant materials by ingenuous pickers or intentional/unintentional substitution with other flowers resembling to chamomile in appearance during harvesting...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Samah M El Sohafy, Aly M Metwally, Abdalla A Omar, Masouda E Amer, Mohamed M Radwan, Maged S Abdel-Kader, Sayed A El Toumy, Mahmoud A ElSohly
The ethanol extract of Cynara cornigera L. was fractionated and the fractions were subjected to hepatoprotective assays using Wistar albino rats at a dose of 500 and 250mg/kg. The liver injury was induced in rats using carbon tetrachloride. Biochemical parameters such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total bilirubin were estimated as reflections of the liver condition, with silymarin as a positive control. Phytochemical investigation and chromatographic separation of the hepatoprotective fractions led to the isolation of a new sesqui-lignan namely cornigerin (1), along with eight known compounds: apigenin (2), luteolin (3), β-sitosterol glycoside (4), apigenin 7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (5), luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (6), apigenin-7-O-rutinoside (7), cynarin 1,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (8), and apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide (9)...
September 28, 2016: Fitoterapia
Meng Song, Li Li, Meng Li, Yonghong Cha, Xuming Deng, Jianfeng Wang
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important human pathogenic bacterium that can cause various life-threatening infections. Pneumolysin (PLY), the pore-forming toxin that forms large pores in the cell membrane, is a key virulence factor secreted by S. pneumoniae that penetrates the physical defenses of the host and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of pneumococcal diseases, such as pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia and otitis media. This study showed that apigenin, one of the bioflavonoids widely found in herbs, inhibits PLY-induced hemolysis by inhibiting the oligomerization of PLY and has no anti-S...
September 28, 2016: Fitoterapia
Miao He, Jia-Wei Min, Wei-Lin Kong, Xiao-Hua He, Jun-Xu Li, Bi-Wen Peng
Vitexin and isovitexin are active components of many traditional Chinese medicines, and were found in various medicinal plants. Vitexin (apigenin-8-C-glucoside) has recently received increased attention due to its wide range of pharmacological effects, including but not limited to anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperalgesic, and neuroprotective effects. Isovitexin (apigenin-6-C-glucoside), an isomer of vitexin, generally purified together with vitexin, also exhibits diverse biological activities...
September 28, 2016: Fitoterapia
Chang-Syun Yang, Hui-Chi Huang, Sheng-Yang Wang, Ping-Jyun Sung, Guan-Jhong Huang, Jih-Jung Chen, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo
Lawsonia inermis Linn (Lythraceae), also known as henna, is a small shrub or tree distributed throughout Taiwan's Lanyu Island, in North Africa, and in Australia. Its leaves are used as a folk medicine for the treatment of external hemorrhage and fingernail abscesses. Investigation of the ethyl acetate (EtOAc)-soluble fractions from methanol extract of the aerial part of Lawsonia inermis has led to the isolation of a new diphenol, (Z)-4,4'-(prop-1-ene-1,3-diyl)diphenol (1), two new isocoumarin carbonates, inermiscarbonates A (2) and B (3), and six known compounds, 4'-hydroxyflavanone (4), apigenine (5), kampferol (6), luteolin (7), quercetin (8), and (-)-catechin (9)...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jin Dai, Peter G Van Wie, Leonard Yenwong Fai, Donghern Kim, Lei Wang, Pratheeshkumar Poyil, Jia Luo, Zhuo Zhang
Apigenin is a natural flavonoid which possesses multiple anti-cancer properties such as anti-proliferation, anti-inflammation, and anti-metastasis in many types of cancers including colorectal cancer. Neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 9 (NEDD9) is a multi-domain scaffolding protein of the Cas family which has been shown to correlate with cancer metastasis and progression. The present study investigates the role of NEDD9 in apigenin-inhibited cell migration, invasion, and metastasis of colorectal adenocarcinoma DLD1 and SW480 cells...
September 20, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Hajer Ben Saad, Manel Gargouri, Fatma Kallel, Rim Chaabene, Tahia Boudawara, Kamel Jamoussi, Christian Magné, Khaled Mounir Zeghal, Ahmed Hakim, Ibtissem Ben Amara
Potassium bromate (KBrO3 ), an environmental pollutant, is a well-known human carcinogen and a potent nephrotoxic agent. Currently, natural products have built a well-recognized role in the management of many diseases induced by pollutants. As potent natural sources of bioactive compounds, marine algae have been demonstrated to be rich in novel secondary metabolites with a broad range of biological functions. In this study, adults male mice were orally treated for 15 days with KBrO3 (0.5 g/L) associated or not with extract of Alsidium corallinum, a red Mediterranean alga...
September 23, 2016: Environmental Toxicology
Sangkyu Park, Min Ji Choi, Jong Yeol Lee, Jae Kwang Kim, Sun-Hwa Ha, Sun-Hyung Lim
Anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins, the major flavonoids in black and red rice grains, respectively, are mainly derived from 3',4'-dihydroxylated leucocyanidin. 3'-Hydroxylation of flavonoids in rice is catalyzed by flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase (F3'H: EC We isolated cDNA clones of the two rice F3'H genes (CYP75B3 and CYP75B4) from Korean varieties of white, black, and red rice. Sequence analysis revealed allelic variants of each gene containing one or two amino acid substitutions. Heterologous expression in yeast demonstrated that CYP75B3 preferred kaempferol to other substrates, and had a low preference for dihydrokaempferol...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yiguang Wang, Jianxin Fu, Chao Zhang, Hongbo Zhao
Osmanthus fragrans Lour. has traditionally been a popular ornamental plant in China. In this study, ethanol extracts of the leaves of four cultivar groups of O. fragrans were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and high-performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization and mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS). The results suggest that variation in flavonoids among O. fragrans cultivars is quantitative, rather than qualitative. Fifteen components were detected and separated, among which, the structures of 11 flavonoids and two coumarins were identified or tentatively identified...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Guoyu Ding, Baiqing Li, Yanqi Han, Aina Liu, Jingru Zhang, Jiamin Peng, Min Jiang, Yuanyuan Hou, Gang Bai
For quality control of herbal medicines or functional foods, integral activity evaluation has become more popular in recent studies. The majority of researchers focus on the relationship between chromatography/mass spectroscopy and bioactivity, but the connection with spectrum-activity is easily ignored. In this paper, the near infrared reflection spectra (NIRS) of Flos Chrysanthemi samples were collected as a representative spectrum technology, and corresponding anti-inflammation activities were utilized to illustrate the spectrum-activity study...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Astghik Hakobyan, Erik Arabyan, Aida Avetisyan, Liana Abroyan, Lina Hakobyan, Hovakim Zakaryan
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is one of the most devastating diseases of domestic pigs for which no effective vaccines are available. Flavonoids, natural products isolated from plants, have been reported to have significant in vitro and in vivo antiviral activity against different viruses. Here, we tested the antiviral effect of five flavonoids on the replication of ASFV in Vero cells. Our results showed a potent, dose-dependent anti-ASFV effect of apigenin in vitro. Time-of-addition experiments revealed that apigenin was highly effective at the early stages of infection...
December 2016: Archives of Virology
Paulo L C Coelho, Mona N Oliveira, Alessandra B da Silva, Bruno P S Pitanga, Victor D A Silva, Giselle P Faria, Geraldo P Sampaio, Maria de Fatima D Costa, Suzana Braga-de-Souza, Silvia L Costa
This study aimed to investigate the antitumor and immunomodulatory properties of the flavonoid apigenin (5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone), which was extracted from Croton betulaster Mull, in glioma cell culture using the high-proliferative rat C6 glioma cell line as a model. Apigenin was found to have the ability to reduce the viability and proliferation of C6 cells in a time-dependent and dose-dependent manner, with an IC50 of 22.8 µmol/l, 40 times lower than that of temozolomide (1000 µmol/l), after 72 h of apigenin treatment...
November 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
Yanxi Chang, Ping Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Jianping Chen, Wolf-Dieter Rausch, A Gula, Baoquan Bao
In the course of our search for antitumour constituents from the traditional Mongolian medicinal herb Clematis aethusifolia Turcz., 11 flavonoids were isolated for the first time from the dried aerial parts of the plant by flash C18 column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 and reversed phase preparative HPLC. The planar structures of these flavonoids were established based on 1D and 2D NMR and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Compounds 1, 2, 4 and 5 showed moderate cytotoxicity against a panel of five human solid tumour cell lines, including A-375, a human melanoma cell line; SK-OV-3, a human ovarian cancer cell line; A549, a human lung cancer cell line; HCT-15, a human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line; and SH-SY5Y, a human neuroblastoma cell line (with IC50 values of 20-70 μM)...
September 12, 2016: Natural Product Research
Mohamed A Farag, Dalia M Rasheed, Matthias Kropf, Andreas G Heiss
Trigonella foenum-graecum is a plant of considerable value for its nutritive composition as well as medicinal effects. This study aims to examine Trigonella seeds using a metabolome-based ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) in parallel to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) coupled with multivariate data analyses. The metabolomic differences of seeds derived from three Trigonella species, i.e., T. caerulea, T. corniculata, and T. foenum-graecum, were assessed. Under specified conditions, we were able to identify 93 metabolites including 5 peptides, 2 phenolic acids, 22 C/O-flavonoid conjugates, 26 saponins, and 9 fatty acids using UPLC-MS...
September 10, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Christos Kontogiorgis, Maria Ntella, Lina Mpompou, Fotini Karallaki, Papadopoulos Athanasios, Dimitra Hadjipavlou-Litina, Diamanto Lazari
From the aerial parts of Thymus sibthorpii Bentham (Lamiaceae), five flavonoids apigenin (1), 7-methoxy-apigenin (2), naringenin (3), eriodictyol (4) and eriodictyol-7-glucoside (5), have been isolated together with caffeic acid methyl ester (6), rosmarinic acid (7) and rosmarinic acid methyl ester (8). The structures of the isolated compounds were established by spectroscopic methods. The extracts and the isolated compounds were tested for their free radical scavenging activity using the following in vitro assays: (i) interaction with the free stable radical of DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl), (ii) inhibition of linoleic acid lipid peroxidation induced by the dihydrochloric acid of 2,2-azobis-2-amidinepropane (AAPH) and (iii) the scavenging activity of enzymatically produced superoxide anion...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Wasaporn Chanput, Narumol Krueyos, Pitiporn Ritthiruangdej
The complexity of in vitro anti-inflammatory assays, the cost and time consumed, and the necessary skills can be a hurdle to apply to promising compounds in a high throughput setting. In this study, several antioxidative assays i.e. DPPH, ABTS, ORAC and xanthine oxidase (XO) were used to examine the antioxidative activity of three sub groups of flavonoids: (i) flavonol: quercetin, myricetin, (ii) flavanone: eriodictyol, naringenin (iii) flavone: luteolin, apigenin. A range of flavonoid concentrations was tested for their antioxidative activities and were found to be dose-dependent...
September 3, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
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