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pulmonary bullous

Joseph Em van Agteren, Kristin V Carson, Leong Ung Tiong, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) performed to treat patients with severe diffuse emphysema was reintroduced in the nineties. Lung volume reduction surgery aims to resect damaged emphysematous lung tissue, thereby increasing elastic properties of the lung. This treatment is hypothesised to improve long-term daily functioning and quality of life, although it may be costly and may be associated with risks of morbidity and mortality. Ten years have passed since the last version of this review was prepared, prompting us to perform an update...
October 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Marta Wieczorek, Annette Czernik
Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is a fatal autoimmune blistering disease associated with an underlying malignancy. It is a newly recognized blistering disease, which was first recognized in 1990 by Dr Anhalt who described an atypical pemphigus with associated neoplasia. In 2001, Nguyen proposed the term paraneoplastic autoimmune multiorgan syndrome because of the recognition that the condition affects multiple organ systems. PNP presents most frequently between 45 and 70 years old, but it also occurs in children and adolescents...
2016: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Yunhee Im, Saad Farooqi, Adan Mora
Giant bullae often mimic pneumothorax on radiographic appearance. We present the case of a 55-year-old man admitted to a referring hospital with dyspnea, cough, and increasing sputum production; he refused thoracotomy for tension pneumothorax and presented to our hospital for a second opinion. A computed tomography (CT) scan at our hospital revealed a giant bulla, which was managed conservatively as an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thoracic surgery was consulted but advised against bullectomy...
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
O V Voskresensky, A M Gasanov, E A Tarabrin
AIM: to improve treatment of patients with spontaneous pneumothorax who had not postoperative pulmonary impermeability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 87 patients with spontaneous pneumothorax underwent videothoracoscopy (VTS), lung resection supplemented by pleurodesis (parietal pleurectomy or pleural abrasion). Absence of pulmonary impermeability was observed in 5 (5.7%) patients. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Re-operation was performed in 2 patients (Vanderschuren 2 and 3) namely re-thoracoscopy and thoracotomy with additional ligation of air origins...
2016: Khirurgiia
S Birch, D Casamian-Sorrosal, S Fonfara, G Chanoit, C Warren-Smith
This case report describes a combination of congenital cardiopulmonary abnormalities found in a 1-year-old Labrador Retriever. To the authors' knowledge this combination of cardiopulmonary abnormalities has not been previously reported in veterinary medicine. Unilateral absence of the right pulmonary artery associated with unilateral right-sided aortopulmonary collaterals was observed. These aortopulmonary collaterals preserved the blood supply to the right lung lobes but led to left ventricular volume overload...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Sameh G Aziz, Brijesh B Patel, Susanti R Ie, Edmundo R Rubio
Since the development of portable ultrasonography equipment, this technology has provided clinicians the ability to evaluate a variety of lung pathology at the bedside, but we are still learning how to accurately interpret the acquired images. Adequate interpretation and recognition of certain signs is crucial to diagnosing pathological processes. In addition, such signs must be adequately correlated with the patient's medical condition. For instance, the "lung point sign" has been traditionally considered to be pathognomonic for the presence of a pneumothorax, yet such finding may be present in patients with bullous lung disease without a pneumothorax...
September 2016: Ultrasound Quarterly
Bo Laksáfoss Holbek, Henrik Jessen Hansen, Henrik Kehlet, René Horsleben Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Chest drains are used routinely after wedge resection by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), although this practice is based largely on tradition rather than evidence. Chest drains may furthermore cause pain, infections, and prolonged length of stay. The aim of this prospective observational study was to assess the feasibility of avoiding chest drains following VATS wedge resection for pulmonary nodules. METHODS: Between 1 February and 25 August 2015 166 consecutive patients planned for VATS wedge resection of pulmonary nodules were screened for inclusion using the following criteria: Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) ≥60 % of expected, FEV1/forced vital capacity ≥70 %, tumour diameter ≤2 cm, distance from tumour to visceral pleura ≤3 cm, ≤2 separate wedges, no air leak on an intraoperative air leakage test and absence of severe adhesions, bullous/emphysematous disease, pleural effusion and coagulopathy...
October 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Mary P Martinasek, Jamie B McGrogan, Alisha Maysonet
This systematic review focuses on respiratory effects of inhalational marijuana. The systematic review of the literature was conducted using a comparative method between 2 researchers. Abstracts were reviewed for inclusion of respiratory effects related to inhalational marijuana. Relevant abstracts were collected, and full text articles were retrieved for review. Articles were removed if they did not contain burning marijuana; were animal studies; or were editorials, systematic reviews, commentaries, non-English language, or non-respiratory-related articles...
August 9, 2016: Respiratory Care
Joanne M Jenkins, Rizwan Q Attia, Anna Green, Paul Cane, John Pilling
Pulmonary placental transmogrification is a rare lung lesion that microscopically resembles placenta with cystic spaces filled with papillary structures. Considered a histological variant of bullous emphysema, only 30 reported cases have been published in the world's literature. We report a rare case of pulmonary placental transmogrification in a 72-year-old man, in whom the clinical presentation of the disease mimicked lung carcinoma. Histopathology of the surgically resected segment showed a complex bulla with squamous metaplasia and placental transmogrification...
July 28, 2016: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Marko Topalovic, Tuur Helsen, Thierry Troosters, Wim Janssens
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is usually characterized by a progressive decline of lung function. We reported the 10 years follow-up of an elderly man, a heavy smoker with severe COPD and apical bullous emphysema. During 6 months pulmonary rehabilitation program the patient's clinical state improved significantly and it associated with a steep increase in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). This case report elaborates on the unexpected gain of FEV1 in the follow-up of a COPD patient...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Zeynep Kubilay, A Joseph Layon, Herman Baer, Lennox K Archibald
Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) represents a major diagnostic challenge because of the relatively low sensitivity and specificity of clinical criteria, radiological findings, and microbiologic culture results. It is often difficult to distinguish between pneumonia, underlying pulmonary disease, or conditions with pulmonary complications; this is compounded by the often-subjective clinical diagnosis of pneumonia. We conducted this study to determine the utility of post-mortem lung biopsies for diagnosing pneumonia in tissue donors diagnosed with pneumonia prior to death...
June 2016: Cell and Tissue Banking
Shota Nakamura, Koji Kawaguchi, Takayuki Fukui, Koichi Fukumoto, Toshiki Okasaka, Kohei Yokoi
There were a few reports of patients with lung cancer developing at the wall of giant bullae complicated with hemorrhage. A 40-year-old male with complaints of hemoptysis was referred to our hospital, and a solitary pulmonary mass was pointed out on his chest roentgenogram. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a well-circumscribed solid mass measuring 7.0 × 6.5 × 6.0 cm in the right upper lobe of the lung. At the chest CT 1 year before, only a giant bulla without mass was found. From the interval change of CT findings with his clinical course, the mass was suspected as acute hemorrhage in the giant bulla...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Maciej Gnass, Artur Szlubowski, Tomasz Gil, Piotr Kocoń, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Magdalena Twardowska, Jarosław Kużdżał
This article presents a case report of a patient suffering from bullous emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who was diagnosed with tension pneumothorax after undergoing endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). Tension pneumothorax is a severe but rare complication of EBUS-TBNA. It can result from lung injury caused by the biopsy needle or, in patients suffering from bullous emphysema, from spontaneous rupture of an emphysematous bulla resulting from increased pressure in the chest cavity during cough caused by bronchofiberoscope insertion...
December 2015: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Antonio Mazzella, Alessandro Izzo, Dario Amore, Francesco Saverio Cerqua, Fabio Perrotta
UNLABELLED: We report a case of 31 years-old female suffering from complicated giant bulla in the right upper pulmonary lobe. The patient was admitted to our hospital with a radiologic diagnosis of hydro - pneumothorax treated by chest tube in a first time, and later, for prolonged air leaks, by uniportal VATS with a single 4-cm skin incision. We have observed a giant ruptured bulla in right upper lobe, so we have performed bullectomy and mechanical pleurodesis. This case, in our knowledge, represents the first giant bulla resection performed by uniportal VATS...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Saumen Nandi, Avradip Santra, Loknath Ghoshal, Soumya Kundu
Aspergilloma or mycetoma is a saprophytic fungal infection that colonizes pre-existing excavated lung lesion. However, its association with systemic sclerosis related interstitial lung disease is unusual and scarcely found in literature. We report a middle aged female with long standing systemic sclerosis, who was on immunosuppressive therapy for many years, presented with repeated haemoptysis. Although provisionally pulmonary tuberculosis was suspected, imaging investigations showed presence of bilateral masses inside bullous air spaces along with air-crescent sign suggestive of fungal ball...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Do Youn Kim, Seok Jeong Lee, Yon Ju Ryu, Jin Hwa Lee, Jung Hyun Chang, Yookyung Kim
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory multisystem disease that primarily affects the axial joints. Pleuropulmonary involvement is an uncommon extra-articular manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis. There is a wide spectrum of pulmonary parenchymal changes in ankylosing spondylitis, beginning in the early stages of the disease and increasing over time. The lesions are usually asymptomatic, and not visible on chest radiographs in early stages. We reported a case of advanced ankylosing spondylitis in a 56-year-old man with progressive pulmonary bullous fibrocystic changes on both upper lobes that were misdiagnosed as tuberculosis in the early stages of the disease...
October 2015: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Renata Rocha de Almeida, Gláucia Zanetti, Arthur Soares Souza, Luciana Soares de Souza, Jorge Luiz Pereira E Silva, Dante Luiz Escuissato, Klaus Loureiro Irion, Alexandre Dias Mançano, Luiz Felipe Nobre, Bruno Hochhegger, Edson Marchiori
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate HRCT scans of the chest in 22 patients with cocaine-induced pulmonary disease. METHODS: We included patients between 19 and 52 years of age. The HRCT scans were evaluated by two radiologists independently, discordant results being resolved by consensus. The inclusion criterion was an HRCT scan showing abnormalities that were temporally related to cocaine use, with no other apparent causal factors. RESULTS: In 8 patients (36...
July 2015: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Haibo Liu, Fang Liu, Min Zhang, Wenliang Yan, Hong Sang
Methotrexate has been widely used for many years in the treatment of a variety of diseases. Acute pneumonitis and bone marrow suppression are very serious side effects in methotrexate treatment. A 48-year-old man with end-stage renal disease undergoing chronic hemodialysis developed combined acute pneumonitis and pancytopenia after a cumulative dose of 20 mg methotrexate for bullous pemphigoid. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) can efficiently decrease serum methotrexate concentration. A rapid improvement of clinical symptoms and resolution of pulmonary opacification were found after CRRT...
May 2015: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Kenji Yorita, Takanori Ayabe, Eiichi Chosa, Noriko Uchino, Yasuhiro Nagatomo, Tetsuro Yamaguchi, Yukio Nakatani, Hiroaki Kataoka
Pulmonary hamartoma is a common benign lung disorder, and most cases show solid nodules. Here, we documented the clinicopathological features of a growing, bulla-like, multilocular hamartomatous lung lesion in a woman of reproductive age. To the best of our knowledge, this disorder has not been reported in the literature to date. An asymptomatic 29-year-old Japanese woman with no significant past medical history was referred to our institution for surgical treatment of a bullous lesion in the right upper lobe because the pulmonary lesion had enlarged to multilocular cysts, including a giant bulla, within 1 year, leading to compression of the right lung...
October 2015: Pathology International
Amarjit Singh Vij, Robert James, Akashdeep Singh, Amrinder Singh Dhaliwal, Ajay Chhabra, Kamaljeet Kaur Vij
Vanishing lung syndrome (VLS) is a rare radiological syndrome in which the lungs appear to be disappearing on X-ray. It is a chronic, progressive condition usually affecting young male smokers and is characterised by giant emphysematous bullae, which commonly develop in the upper lobes. We describe here a rare case of 60-year-old male patient who had a history of chronic smoking for 30 years. He had been admitted in the hospital multiple times due to spontaneous pneumothorax, type 2 respiratory failure and infective exacerbations...
December 2014: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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