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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702966/possible-role-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-diseases-of-dermatological-interest
#1
C Guarneri, J Lotti, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, T Lotti, F Guarneri
Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative, flagellate, microaerophilic bacterium identified for the first time about 30 years ago, as a pathogenic factor of gastritis and peptic ulcer. Soon after, it was linked to several gastrointestinal and extra-gastrointestinal diseases (hematological, cardiovascular, neurological, pulmonary and ocular diseases, obesity, diabetes mellitus, growth retardation and extragastric MALT lymphoma). Association and possible cause-effect correlation with H. pylori infection were suggested in diseases of dermatological interest such as chronic urticaria, rosacea, Henoch-Schoenleins purpura, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, cutaneous and oral lichen planus, atopic dermatitis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, systemic sclerosis, psoriasis, Sjögrens syndrome, Behçet's disease, pruritus, alopecia areata, primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphomas, vitiligo, chronic prurigo, multiformis, prurigo nodularis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, prurigo pigmentosa, eczema nummulare, primary cutaneous MALT-type lymphoma, sublamina densa-type linear IgA bullous dermatosis, Sweet's syndrome, cutaneous T-cell pseudolymphoma and pemphigus vulgaris...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668260/-amyopathic-dermatomyositis-dm-with-anti-mda5-antibodies-associated-with-bullous-pemphigoid-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-and-gastric-malt-lymphoma
#2
B Garcia, F Dabouz, L Pascal, M Gillard, P Modiano
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory myopathies are a heterogeneous group of muscle diseases and comprise polymyositis, dermatomyositis (DM), myopathies associated with cancers, necrotising myositis and inclusion body myositis. DM occasionally exhibits few or no muscular signs: i.e. hypomyopathic/amyopathic DM. Anti-MDA5 dermatomyositis (DM) is a rare form of dermatomyositis that is frequently amyopathic; the prognosis is linked mainly to pulmonary involvement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 69-year-old woman treated for mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) gastric lymphoma was referred for a bullous eruption...
June 28, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633553/giant-bullous-emphysema-with-placental-transmogrification-a-case-report-of-a-14-year-old-with-right-middle-and-lower-lobe-involvement
#3
Brett M Lowenthal, Nicholas C Saenz, Grace Y Lin, Robert O Newbury
Giant bullous emphysema with placental transmogrification is an extremely rare entity, with 30 previously reported cases. Of these reported cases, it is typically identified with varied clinical and radiological impressions, presents in young adulthood to elderly, is always unilateral, and usually involves just one lobe. Despite the unknown pathogenesis, this diagnosis carries an excellent prognosis and is curative with complete resection. The pulmonary placental transmogrification is histologically indistinguishable from placental origin...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626542/invasive-aspergillosis-with-disseminated-skin-involvement-in-a-patient-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-rare-case
#4
Duygu Mert, Gülşen Iskender, Fazilet Duygu, Alparslan Merdin, Sinan Dal Mehmet, Mehmet Dogan, Emre Tekgündüz, Mustafa Ertek, Fevzi Altuntaş
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is most commonly seen in immunocompromised patients. Besides, skin lesions may also develop due to invasive aspergillosis in those patients. A 49-year-old male patient was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia. The patient developed bullous and zosteriform lesions on the skin after the 21st day of hospitalization. The skin biopsy showed hyphae. Disseminated skin aspergillosis was diagnosed to the patient. Voricanazole treatment was initiated. The patient was discharged once the lesions started to disappear...
June 1, 2017: Hematology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574231/a-new-diagnosis-of-williams-beuren-syndrome-in-a-49-year-old-man-with-severe-bullous-emphysema
#5
Monica H Wojcik, Nikkola Carmichael, Frederick R Bieber, Daniel C Wiener, Rachna Madan, Barbara R Pober, Benjamin A Raby
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a chromosomal microdeletion syndrome typically presenting with intellectual disability, a unique personality, a characteristic facial appearance, and cardiovascular disease. Several clinical features of WBS are thought to be due to haploinsufficiency of elastin (ELN), as the ELN locus is included within the WBS critical region at 7q11.23. Emphysema, a disease attributed to destruction of pulmonary elastic fibers, has been reported in patients without WBS who have pathogenic variants in ELN but only once (in one patient) in WBS...
August 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558711/sarcoidosis-as-a-rare-cause-for-symmetrical-giant-bullous-disease
#6
Wolfgang Jungraithmayr, Elisa Leggeri, Walter Weder, Bart Vrugt
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis presents with typical clinic-radiological findings and shows histologically non-caseating granulomas. Pulmonary manifestations of sarcoidosis can be diverse, involving the intrathoracic lymph nodes and pulmonary parenchyma. CASE PRESENTATION: We here describe a case of a 35-year-old patient who presented with a history of exertion dyspnoea and coughing for the past 20 years. At the age of 15, she was exposed to smoke emanating from a fire...
May 30, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534318/association-between-inflammatory-skin-disease-and-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-co-morbidities-in-us-adults-analysis-of-nationwide-inpatient-sample-data
#7
Michael C Kwa, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis, atopic dermatitis or eczema (AD-E), pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid (BP), and hidradenitis are chronic inflammatory skin disorders associated with systemic immune activation, considerable symptom burden, stigma, functional disturbances, and mental health symptoms. All of these might increase cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether these inflammatory skin diseases are associated with increased cardiovascular/cerebrovascular risk and/or disease...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530051/-bullous-pemphigoid-resistant-to-corticosteroids
#8
Mohammad Sah, Dganit Rozenman, Eran Cohen, Michael Ziv
Bullous pemphigoid is the most common autoimmune bullous disease, treated with low dosage local or systemic corticosteroids. This is a case report of a 65 years-old female patient with a month long history of a bullous disease before admission to the dermatology department with a generalized bullous rash. Clinical examination and histopathology revealed bullous pemphigoid. She was treated according to the established protocol with systemic corticosteroids. The amount of prednisone was raised to 100mg per day for 8 weeks without any noticeable improvement, instead there was a worsening of her symptoms...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303283/-bullous-sweet-s-syndrome-with-pulmonary-involvement
#9
A Sesti, K Rappersberger, C Posch
Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome) is a rare dermatosis characterized by painful papules and plaques accompanied by cutaneous infiltration with neutrophilic granulocytes. Bullous changes are observed in some cases. We report about a patient with osteomyelofibrosis who developed fever accompanied by painful plaques and confluent papules on both arms and thighs. The course of the disease was complicated by blistering and pulmonary infiltrates. After the diagnosis of bullous Sweet's syndrome was established, systemic therapy with glucocorticoids was successful in treating skin lesions and dyspnea...
March 16, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995774/occult-primary-pulmonary-synovial-sarcoma-presenting-as-recurrent-spontaneous-pneumothorax-and-explosive-progression
#10
Chenglin Guo, Chengwu Liu, Qiang Pu, Feng Lin, Lunxu Liu
Primary pulmonary synovial sarcoma (PPSS) is a relatively rare neoplasm with highly progressive potential. We present an extremely rare case of PPSS presenting as recurrent pneumothorax with bullous lesions. Bullectomy was performed at the local hospital. Unfortunately, the patient was initially misdiagnosed as atypical carcinoid. Although a negative resection margin was obtained during the first surgery and a remedial operation and chemotherapy followed, the patient developed severe disease progression and died soon after...
March 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739074/lung-volume-reduction-surgery-for-diffuse-emphysema
#11
REVIEW
Joseph Em van Agteren, Kristin V Carson, Leong Ung Tiong, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) performed to treat patients with severe diffuse emphysema was reintroduced in the nineties. Lung volume reduction surgery aims to resect damaged emphysematous lung tissue, thereby increasing elastic properties of the lung. This treatment is hypothesised to improve long-term daily functioning and quality of life, although it may be costly and may be associated with risks of morbidity and mortality. Ten years have passed since the last version of this review was prepared, prompting us to perform an update...
October 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729809/paraneoplastic-pemphigus-a-short-review
#12
Marta Wieczorek, Annette Czernik
Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is a fatal autoimmune blistering disease associated with an underlying malignancy. It is a newly recognized blistering disease, which was first recognized in 1990 by Dr Anhalt who described an atypical pemphigus with associated neoplasia. In 2001, Nguyen proposed the term paraneoplastic autoimmune multiorgan syndrome because of the recognition that the condition affects multiple organ systems. PNP presents most frequently between 45 and 70 years old, but it also occurs in children and adolescents...
2016: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695175/vanishing-lung-syndrome
#13
Yunhee Im, Saad Farooqi, Adan Mora
Giant bullae often mimic pneumothorax on radiographic appearance. We present the case of a 55-year-old man admitted to a referring hospital with dyspnea, cough, and increasing sputum production; he refused thoracotomy for tension pneumothorax and presented to our hospital for a second opinion. A computed tomography (CT) scan at our hospital revealed a giant bulla, which was managed conservatively as an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thoracic surgery was consulted but advised against bullectomy...
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628226/-absence-of-postoperative-pulmonary-impermeability-in-patients-with-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#14
O V Voskresenskiy, A M Gasanov, E A Tarabrin
AIM: to improve treatment of patients with spontaneous pneumothorax who had not postoperative pulmonary impermeability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 87 patients with spontaneous pneumothorax underwent videothoracoscopy (VTS), lung resection supplemented by pleurodesis (parietal pleurectomy or pleural abrasion). Absence of pulmonary impermeability was observed in 5 (5.7%) patients. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Re-operation was performed in 2 patients (Vanderschuren 2 and 3) namely re-thoracoscopy and thoracotomy with additional ligation of air origins...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614590/unilateral-absence-of-the-right-pulmonary-artery-with-associated-aortopulmonary-collaterals-and-bullous-lung-lesions-in-a-dog
#15
S Birch, D Casamian-Sorrosal, S Fonfara, G Chanoit, C Warren-Smith
This case report describes a combination of congenital cardiopulmonary abnormalities found in a 1-year-old Labrador Retriever. To the authors' knowledge this combination of cardiopulmonary abnormalities has not been previously reported in veterinary medicine. Unilateral absence of the right pulmonary artery associated with unilateral right-sided aortopulmonary collaterals was observed. These aortopulmonary collaterals preserved the blood supply to the right lung lobes but led to left ventricular volume overload...
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556193/the-lung-point-sign-not-pathognomonic-of-a-pneumothorax
#16
Sameh G Aziz, Brijesh B Patel, Susanti R Ie, Edmundo R Rubio
Since the development of portable ultrasonography equipment, this technology has provided clinicians the ability to evaluate a variety of lung pathology at the bedside, but we are still learning how to accurately interpret the acquired images. Adequate interpretation and recognition of certain signs is crucial to diagnosing pathological processes. In addition, such signs must be adequately correlated with the patient's medical condition. For instance, the "lung point sign" has been traditionally considered to be pathognomonic for the presence of a pneumothorax, yet such finding may be present in patients with bullous lung disease without a pneumothorax...
September 2016: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510705/thoracoscopic-pulmonary-wedge-resection-without-post-operative-chest-drain-an-observational-study
#17
Bo Laksáfoss Holbek, Henrik Jessen Hansen, Henrik Kehlet, René Horsleben Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Chest drains are used routinely after wedge resection by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), although this practice is based largely on tradition rather than evidence. Chest drains may furthermore cause pain, infections, and prolonged length of stay. The aim of this prospective observational study was to assess the feasibility of avoiding chest drains following VATS wedge resection for pulmonary nodules. METHODS: Between 1 February and 25 August 2015 166 consecutive patients planned for VATS wedge resection of pulmonary nodules were screened for inclusion using the following criteria: Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) ≥60 % of expected, FEV1/forced vital capacity ≥70 %, tumour diameter ≤2 cm, distance from tumour to visceral pleura ≤3 cm, ≤2 separate wedges, no air leak on an intraoperative air leakage test and absence of severe adhesions, bullous/emphysematous disease, pleural effusion and coagulopathy...
October 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507173/a-systematic-review-of-the-respiratory-effects-of-inhalational-marijuana
#18
REVIEW
Mary P Martinasek, Jamie B McGrogan, Alisha Maysonet
This systematic review focuses on respiratory effects of inhalational marijuana. The systematic review of the literature was conducted using a comparative method between 2 researchers. Abstracts were reviewed for inclusion of respiratory effects related to inhalational marijuana. Relevant abstracts were collected, and full text articles were retrieved for review. Articles were removed if they did not contain burning marijuana; were animal studies; or were editorials, systematic reviews, commentaries, non-English language, or non-respiratory-related articles...
November 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471313/a-case-of-pulmonary-placental-transmogrification
#19
Joanne M Jenkins, Rizwan Q Attia, Anna Green, Paul Cane, John Pilling
Pulmonary placental transmogrification is a rare lung lesion that microscopically resembles placenta with cystic spaces filled with papillary structures. Considered a histological variant of bullous emphysema, only 30 reported cases have been published in the world's literature. We report a rare case of pulmonary placental transmogrification in a 72-year-old man, in whom the clinical presentation of the disease mimicked lung carcinoma. Histopathology of the surgically resected segment showed a complex bulla with squamous metaplasia and placental transmogrification...
October 2016: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330959/unexpected-improvements-of-lung-function-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Marko Topalovic, Tuur Helsen, Thierry Troosters, Wim Janssens
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is usually characterized by a progressive decline of lung function. We reported the 10 years follow-up of an elderly man, a heavy smoker with severe COPD and apical bullous emphysema. During 6 months pulmonary rehabilitation program the patient's clinical state improved significantly and it associated with a steep increase in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). This case report elaborates on the unexpected gain of FEV1 in the follow-up of a COPD patient...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
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