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Educational Value Unit

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156548/patient-provider-communication-and-counseling-about-gestational-weight-gain-and-physical-activity-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-latinas-pregnant-with-their-first-child
#1
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Marcia M Tavares Machado, Gabriela P De Andrade
Latina women in the United States (U.S.) are disproportionately affected by obesity and are more likely to begin pregnancy overweight and gain excessive weight during pregnancy. The prenatal care period represents a window of opportunity for women to access the healthcare system and receive preventive services, education, nutritional support, and other social services to improve pregnancy outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) has numerous negative short- and long-term consequences for both the mother and newborn...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145835/global-health-education-in-united-states-anesthesiology-residency-programs-a-survey-of-resident-opportunities-and-program-director-attitudes
#2
Gunisha Kaur, Sheida Tabaie, Jasmit Brar, Virginia Tangel, Kane O Pryor
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health during postgraduate residency training is increasing across medical specialties, and multiple disciplines have categorized global health training opportunities in their arena. No such cataloging exists for anesthesiology residency programs. The aim of this study was to assess and characterize global health opportunities and the attitudes of program directors (PDs) in U.S. anesthesiology residency programs towards this training. METHODS: A cross-sectional 20-question survey on global health opportunities was distributed to 128 ACGME accredited anesthesiology residency program directors via email between October 2015 and January 2016...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132909/a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-pharmacy-perspectives-on-interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-practice
#3
REVIEW
Alla El-Awaisi, Sundari Joseph, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Lesley Diack
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists are key professionals in the collaborative working process and are integral members of the healthcare team. However, there is paucity of information regarding their perspectives towards interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice. AIMS: The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize, summarise and evaluate the quality of the quantitative and qualitative literature related to the perspectives of pharmacy students, pharmacy faculty and practising pharmacists toward IPE and collaborative practice...
November 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121287/analgesia-nociception-index-for-the-assessment-of-pain-in-critically-ill-patients-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#4
G Chanques, T Tarri, A Ride, A Prades, A De Jong, J Carr, N Molinari, S Jaber
Background: Behavioural pain tools are used in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients unable to self-report their pain-intensity but need sustained efforts to educate and train the ICU team because of the subjective nature of these clinical tools. This study measured the validity and performance of an electrophysiological monitoring tool based on the spectral analysis of heart rate variability, the Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) which varies from 0 (minimal parasympathetic tone, maximal stress-response and pain) to 100 (maximal parasympathetic tone, minimal stress-response and pain)...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118059/diabetes-care-disparities-in-long-standing-type-1-diabetes-in-canada-and-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-comparison
#5
Alanna Weisman, Leif E Lovblom, Hillary A Keenan, Liane J Tinsley, Stephanie D'Eon, Genevieve Boulet, Mohammed A Farooqi, Julie A Lovshin, Andrej Orszag, Yuliya Lytvyn, Michael H Brent, Narinder Paul, Vera Bril, David Z Cherney, Bruce A Perkins
OBJECTIVE: To assess national differences in diabetes care and quality of life (QOL) between individuals with long-standing type 1 diabetes (≥50 years) in Canada and the U.S. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional data from identical surveys administered in the Canadian Study of Longevity in Diabetes and the Joslin Medalist Study, collected in 2013-2016 and 2005-2011, respectively, were compared. Laboratory values and ophthalmic examination were completed by clinical care physicians for Canadians and the Joslin Clinic for Americans...
November 8, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105813/how-can-systems-engineering-inform-the-methods-of-programme-evaluation-in-health-professions-education
#6
David Rojas, Lawrence Grierson, Maria Mylopoulos, Patricia Trbovich, Darius Bagli, Ryan Brydges
CONTEXT: We evaluate programmes in health professions education (HPE) to determine their effectiveness and value. Programme evaluation has evolved from use of reductionist frameworks to those addressing the complex interactions between programme factors. Researchers in HPE have recently suggested a 'holistic programme evaluation' aiming to better describe and understand the implications of 'emergent processes and outcomes'. FRAMEWORK: We propose a programme evaluation framework informed by principles and tools from systems engineering...
November 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095705/transitioning-to-a-high-value-health-care-model-academic-accountability
#7
Pamela T Johnson, Matthew D Alvin, Roy C Ziegelstein
Health care spending in the United States has increased to unprecedented levels, and these costs have broken medical providers' promise to do no harm. Medical debt is the leading contributor to U.S. personal bankruptcy, more than 50% of household foreclosures are secondary to medical debt and illness, and patients are choosing to avoid necessary care because of its cost. Evidence that the health care delivery model is contributing to patient hardship is a call for action to the profession to transition to a high value model, one that delivers the highest health care quality and safety at the lowest personal and financial cost to patients...
November 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091124/an-educational-intervention-impact-on-the-quality-of-nursing-records
#8
Graciele Fernanda da Costa Linch, Ana Amélia Antunes Lima, Emiliane Nogueira de Souza, Tais Maria Nauderer, Adriana Aparecida Paz, Cíntia da Costa
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on the quality of nursing records. METHOD: quasi-experimental study with before-and-after design conducted in a hospital. All the nurses in the cardiac intensive care unit of the hospital received the intervention, which consisted of weekly meetings during five months. To collect data, the instrument Quality of Diagnoses, Interventions and Outcomes was applied to the patients' charts in two moments: baseline and after intervention...
October 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090624/erratum
#9
(no author information available yet)
Beck J, Greenwood DA, Blanton L, et al. 2017. National standards for diabetes self-management education and support. Diabetes Educ. 2017;43(5):449-464. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0145721717722968) In the October 2017 issue of The Diabetes Educator, the 2 opening paragraphs of the article contained errors. In addition, for author Ardis A. Reed, MPH, RD, LD, CDE, the correct affiliation should be listed as TMF Health Quality Institute, Austin, Texas. The corrected 2 opening paragraphs are as follows: By the most recent estimates, 30...
December 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090028/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-statins-on-post-surgical-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#10
Abkhiz Saeed, Valizade Hasanloei Mohammad Amin, Mahoori Alireza, Hooshiar Hadi, Alizadeh Osalou Rahimeh
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury is the sudden and almost complete loss of renal function with reduced glomerular filtration rate, and it occurs whenever the kidneys are unable to excrete metabolic waste products. METHOD: This randomized double-blinded clinical trial was performed in an intensive care unit (ICU) of a university educational hospital. After randomization with a random assigning table of numbers, patients were divided into two groups: an intervention group and a control group...
June 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081263/revisiting-the-merits-of-a-mandatory-large-group-classroom-learning-format-an-md-mba-perspective
#11
Shawn X Li, Roshini Pinto-Powell
The role of classroom learning in medical education is rapidly changing. To promote active learning and reduce student stress, medical schools have adopted policies such as pass/fail curriculums and recorded lectures. These policies along with the rising importance of the USMLE (United States Medical Licensing Examination) exams have made asynchronous learning popular to the detriment of classroom learning. In contrast to this model, modern day business schools employ mandatory large group classes with assigned seating and cold-calling...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080473/service-user-engagement-in-healthcare-education-as-a-mechanism-for-value-based-recruitment-an-evaluation-study
#12
Vanessa Heaslip, Janet Scammell, Anne Mills, Ashley Spriggs, Andrea Addis, Mandy Bond, Carolyn Latchford, Angela Warren, Juliet Borwell, Stephen Tee
AIM: Within the United Kingdom (UK) there is an increasing focus on Values Based Recruitment (VBR) of staff working in the National Health Service (NHS) in response to public inquiries criticising the lack of person-centred care. All NHS employees are recruited on the basis of a prescribed set of values. This is extended to the recruitment of student healthcare professionals, yet there is little research of how to implement this. Involving Service Users in healthcare educational practice is gaining momentum internationally, yet involvement of service users in VBR of 'would be' healthcare professionals remains at an embryonic phase...
October 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#13
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071577/obstetric-care-quality-indicators-and-outcomes-based-on-the-degree-of-acculturation-of-immigrants-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-berlin
#14
Matthias David, Theda Borde, Silke Brenne, Babett Ramsauer, Larry Hinkson, Wolfgang Henrich, Oliver Razum, Jürgen Breckenkamp
HYPOTHESIS: Acculturation is a complex, multidimensional process involving the integration of the traditional norms, values, and lifestyles of a new cultural environment. It is, however, unclear what impact the degree of acculturation has on obstetric outcomes. METHODS: Data collection was performed in 2011 and 2012 at three obstetric tertiary centers in Berlin, Germany. Standardized interviews (20-30 min.) were performed with support of evaluated questionnaires...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068079/visually-enhanced-education-and-immunization-perceptions-in-low-income-parents
#15
Michelle M Papapchrisanthou, Deborah G Loman
OBJECTIVE: Despite immunizations being an effective health promotion intervention, about 28% of children are not up-to-date on the combined seven-vaccine series by 35 months of age in the United States. Identifying innovative techniques to increase immunization literacy is crucial to the health and well-being of children. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Based on the theory of multimedia learning, this study examined whether the use of visually enhanced education (VEE) positively impacted parental perception of immunization effectiveness, perceived knowledge of disease, comfort with immunization decision making, and satisfaction with the provider...
October 25, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059636/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-regarding-miscarriage-a-cross-sectional-study-among-flemish-midwives
#16
Marjon De Roose, Inge Tency, Dimitri Beeckman, Ann Van Hecke, Sofie Verhaeghe, Els Clays
OBJECTIVE: to examine the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of Flemish midwives regarding miscarriage. DESIGN AND SETTING: a cross-sectional KAP study was conducted in 28 hospitals in Flanders (Northern region of Belgium) from September 2015 to January 2016. PARTICIPANTS: a total of 647 out of 1200 midwives (53.9%) working on maternity, labour and gynaecological wards, maternal and neonatal (intensive) care units, antenatal consultations, and reproductive medicine were recruited...
September 22, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059069/nicu-bereavement-care-and-follow-up-support-for-families-and-staff
#17
Judy Levick, Jane Fannon, Janet Bodemann, Shari Munch
BACKGROUND: Experiencing the death of an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) affects both families and staff, creating challenges and opportunities for best practices. PURPOSE: This practice-based article describes a comprehensive approach to delivering bereavement services to NICU families, as well as education and support to NICU staff. METHODS: Bereaved NICU parent and staff survey feedback, including quotes describing individual experiences and suggestions for improved service delivery...
October 20, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053524/nursing-humanities-teaching-for-a-sense-of-salience
#18
Fidelindo Lim, Matthew John Marsaglia
Reports have indicated that nursing programs in the United States are not generally effective in teaching nursing science, natural science, the social sciences, and the humanities. The value of the lifelong study of humanities for nurses is the invitation for contemplation on the human experience so we can make informed moral, spiritual, and intellectual sense of the world. In essence, when we understand, we become more empathetic. This article adds to the call for teaching for a sense of salience in nursing through the meaningful synthesis of humanities in baccalaureate education...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045912/the-lived-experience-of-first-year-undergraduate-student-nurses-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#19
Debra J Porteous, Alison Machin
INTRODUCTION: This study gives insight into the experiences and perceptions of one group of undergraduate nursing students as they make the transition into Higher Education and the nursing profession, during the first year, of their three-year programme. Research has shown that first year undergraduate experience is complex and challenging for any student. For undergraduate nursing students, the process of achieving additional professional practice competencies required for United Kingdom nursing registration adds additional responsibility and potentially, more pressure...
October 3, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045696/group-visits-for-overdose-education-and-naloxone-distribution-in-primary-care-a-pilot-quality-improvement-initiative
#20
Juliette F Spelman, Stephanie Peglow, Amy R Schwartz, Lucille Burgo-Black, Katelyn McNamara, William C Becker
Objective: Opioid prescribing for chronic pain significantly contributes to opioid overdose deaths in the United States. Naloxone as a take-home antidote to opioid overdose is underutilized and has not been evaluated in the high-risk chronic pain population. The objective was to increase overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) to high-risk patients on long-term opioid therapy for pain by utilizing group visits in primary care. Design: Quality improvement intervention among two primary care clinics...
October 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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