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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098048/folate-and-vitamin-b12-concentrations-are-associated-with-plasma-dha-and-epa-fatty-acids-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#1
I Iglesia, I Huybrechts, M González-Gross, T Mouratidou, J Santabárbara, V Chajès, E M González-Gil, J Y Park, S Bel-Serrat, M Cuenca-García, M Castillo, M Kersting, K Widhalm, S De Henauw, M Sjöström, F Gottrand, D Molnár, Y Manios, A Kafatos, M Ferrari, P Stehle, A Marcos, F J Sánchez-Muniz, L A Moreno
This study aimed to examine the association between vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12 biomarkers and plasma fatty acids in European adolescents. A subsample from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study with valid data on B-vitamins and fatty acid blood parameters, and all the other covariates used in the analyses such as BMI, Diet Quality Index, education of the mother and physical activity assessed by a questionnaire, was selected resulting in 674 cases (43 % males). B-vitamin biomarkers were measured by chromatography and immunoassay and fatty acids by enzymatic analyses...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096009/perceptions-of-dying-well-and-distressing-death-by-acute-care-nurses
#2
Christine A Becker, Greg Wright, Kristen Schmit
AIM: This study aims to identify perceptions of nurses practicing in four adult inpatient units regarding their actions to provide quality end of life care for dying patients, their definitions of dying well, and their symptoms of distress and actions they took for relief. BACKGROUND: Nurses caring for patients who are dying want them to have the best death possible; however, many nurses are not prepared for every death which may occur. METHODS: Qualitative questionnaire data were collected from 49 nurses on four adult inpatient nursing units to analyze nurse perceptions of distressing death and dying well...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095135/respirator-use-among-us-farm-operators-with-asthma-results-from-the-2011-farm-and-ranch-safety-survey
#3
Megan L Casey, Jacek M Mazurek
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the national prevalence of respirator use among farm operators with farm work-related asthma and factors associated with respirator use. METHODS: The authors examined the 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey, a national survey collected from 11,210 actively farming farm operators in the United States. Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPORs) of respirator use were calculated by demographic characteristics, farm characteristics, asthma characteristics and selected exposures and hazards...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092717/the-culture-war-modern-economics-and-environmental-education-in-the-united-states
#4
Eugene C Hargrove
Teaching ethics in public schools in the United States has been made almost impossible because of the Culture War and Modern Economics. When Catholics began to migrate to the United States in the early nineteenth century, they found that Protestant religion and ethics were taught in public schools and they created their own parochial schools. This controversy has continued for two hundred years. To encourage the Catholics to send their children to the public schools, by 1860 religion and ethics had been removed from the public schools...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088739/the-effects-of-rurality-on-substance-use-disorder-diagnosis-a-multiple-groups-latent-class-analysis
#5
Billy Brooks, Matthew McBee, Robert Pack, Arsham Alamian
BACKGROUND: Rates of accidental overdose mortality from substance use disorder (SUD) have risen dramatically in the United States since 1990. Between 1999 and 2004 alone rates increased 62% nationwide, with rural overdose mortality increasing at a rate 3 times that seen in urban populations. Cultural differences between rural and urban populations (e.g., educational attainment, unemployment rates, social characteristics, etc.) affect the nature of SUD, leading to disparate risk of overdose across these communities...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070314/calories-and-sugars-in-boba-milk-tea-implications-for-obesity-risk-in-asian-pacific-islanders
#6
Jae Eun Min, David B Green, Loan Kim
In the last several decades, obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, and increases the risk for a host of comorbidities, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain kinds of cancers. Boba milk tea, first became popular in the 1990s throughout Asia, and has gained more popularity in the United States and in Europe since 2000. Currently, available nutrition data from online sites suggest this beverage contains high amounts of sugar and fat. One published nutrition study suggests that boba tea drinks are part of the larger group of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) because these beverages are usually sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065677/multistrategic-approach-to-improve-quality-of-care-of-people-with-diabetes-at-the-primary-care-level-study-design-and-baseline-data
#7
Mariana Prestes, María Angelica Gayarre, Jorge Federico Elgart, Lorena Gonzalez, Enzo Rucci, Juan José Gagliardino
AIM: To test the one year-post effect of an integrated diabetes care program that includes system changes, education, registry (clinical, metabolic and therapeutic indicators) and disease management (DIAPREM), implemented at primary care level, on care outcomes and costs. METHODS: We randomly selected 15 physicians and 15 nurses from primary care units of La Matanza County to be trained (Intervention-IG) and another 15 physicians/nurses to use as controls (Control-CG)...
January 5, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059568/21st-century-parent-child-sex-communication-in-the-united-states-a-process-review
#8
Dalmacio Flores, Julie Barroso
Parent-child sex communication results in the transmission of family expectations, societal values, and role modeling of sexual health risk-reduction strategies. Parent-child sex communication's potential to curb negative sexual health outcomes has sustained a multidisciplinary effort to better understand the process and its impact on the development of healthy sexual attitudes and behaviors among adolescents. This review advances what is known about the process of sex communication in the United States by reviewing studies published from 2003 to 2015...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056138/economic-impact-of-hearing-loss-and-reduction-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-the-united-states
#9
Richard L Neitzel, Tracy K Swinburn, Monica S Hammer, Daniel Eisenberg
Purpose: Hearing loss (HL) is pervasive and debilitating, and noise-induced HL is preventable by reducing environmental noise. Lack of economic analyses of HL impacts means that prevention and treatment remain a low priority for public health and environmental investment. Method: This article estimates the costs of HL on productivity by building on established estimates for HL prevalence and wage and employment differentials between those with and without HL. Results: We estimate that HL affects more than 13% of the working population...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039957/social-responsibility-and-the-state-s-duty-to-provide-healthcare-an-islamic-ethico-legal-perspective
#10
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 30, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033488/medical-student-perspectives-of-active-learning-a-focus-group-study
#11
Anne Walling, Kathryn Istas, Giulia A Bonaminio, Anthony M Paolo, Joseph D Fontes, Nancy Davis, Benito A Berardo
: Phenomenon: Medical student perspectives were sought about active learning, including concerns, challenges, perceived advantages and disadvantages, and appropriate role in the educational process. APPROACH: Focus groups were conducted with students from all years and campuses of a large U.S. state medical school. FINDINGS: Students had considerable experience with active learning prior to medical school and conveyed accurate understanding of the concept and its major strategies...
December 29, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032385/multisource-feedback-to-graduate-nurses-a-multi-method-study
#12
Samantha McPhee, Nicole M Phillips, Cherene Ockerby, Alison M Hutchinson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1) to explore graduate nurses' perceptions of the influence of multisource feedback on their performance and 2) to explore perceptions of Clinical Nurse Educators involved in providing feedback regarding feasibility and benefit of the approach. BACKGROUND: Graduate Registered Nurses are expected to provide high quality care for patients in demanding and unpredictable clinical environments. Receiving feedback is essential to their development...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030423/unique-educational-opportunities-for-pcps-and-specialists-arising-from-electronic-consultation-services
#13
Erin J Keely, Douglas Archibald, Delphine S Tuot, Heather Lochnan, Clare Liddy
Health care reform should be driven by the goals of better patient experience, improved population health, lower per capita costs, and improved provider satisfaction. Electronic consultation (eConsult) services have been adopted by several jurisdictions in the United States, Canada, and Europe to improve access to specialists by primary care providers (PCPs) and are being heralded as a key component for delivery of coordinated care. The primary intent of an eConsult service is to provide PCPs with efficient, timely, direct access to specialist expertise to help guide the management of their patients, reduce the need for unnecessary face-to-face specialty consultations, and improve the quality of the initial face-to-face consultation when needed, through the preconsultative communication...
January 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025929/hemophilia-management-via-data-collection-and-reporting-initial-findings-from-the-comprehensive-care-sustainability-collaborative
#14
Michael D Tarantino, Vanita K Pindolia
BACKGROUND: Despite being a rare disorder, hemophilia represents a significant driver of health care resource utilization and requires expert hematologic and multidisciplinary services to achieve optimal outcomes. Since their inception nearly 40 years ago, hemophilia treatment centers (HTCs) have served as centers of excellence in providing the intensive care and ancillary services necessary for this unique patient base; however, the full capabilities of these centers may be underused in the current framework of managed care, largely because of a lack of communication and information shared between payers and HTC stakeholders...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008285/development-and-validation-of-evaluation-tools-of-nursing-students-clinical-pharmacology-unit
#15
Nasrin Navabi, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Abbas Shamsalinia, Safieh Faghani
INTRODUCTION: The need for valid, reliable, and objective tools has always been emphasized in studies related to the clinical assessment of nursing students. The aims of this study were to develop and assess the validity and reliability of the tools used to evaluate the clinical pharmacology unit. METHODS: This study was a methodological one, conducted in 2016. An item pool was developed based on the literature review and personal interviews with faculty members...
2016: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002215/orthopaedic-surgery-residency-perspectives-of-applicants-and-program-directors-on-medical-student-away-rotations
#16
Seth W O'Donnell, Brian C Drolet, Jonathan P Brower, Dawn LaPorte, Craig P Eberson
INTRODUCTION: Senior medical students frequently rotate at orthopaedic residency programs away from their home medical schools. However, to our knowledge, the perspective of program directors (PDs) and applicants on the value, objectives, and costs of these rotations has not been studied. METHODS: Surveys evaluating the frequency, costs, benefits, and objectives of away rotations were distributed to all orthopaedic residency PDs in the United States and applicants in the 2014-2015 Match cycle...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986913/the-prevalence-of-exposure-to-workplace-secondhand-smoke-in-the-united-states-2010-to-2015
#17
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in exposure to workplace secondhand smoke (SHS) by industry of employment and occupation from 2010 to 2015. METHODS: Data were collected from 2010 and 2015 National Health Interview Survey. Weighted estimates of the prevalence of exposure to workplace SHS among currently working nonsmokers in 2010 (n = 12 627) and 2015 (n = 16 399) were compared. RESULTS: The prevalence of exposure to workplace SHS among currently working nonsmokers was 10...
November 14, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979477/maximizing-efficiency-on-trauma-surgeon-rounds
#18
Aliaksandr Ramaniuk, Barbara J Dickson, Sean Mahoney, Michael S O'Mara
BACKGROUND: Rounding by trauma surgeons is a complex multidisciplinary team-based process in the inpatient setting. Implementation of lean methodology aims to increase understanding of the value stream and eliminate nonvalue-added (NVA) components. We hypothesized that analysis of trauma rounds with education and intervention would improve surgeon efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Level 1 trauma center with 4300 admissions per year. Average non-intensive care unit census was 55...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968835/psychological-wellbeing-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-oldest-old-in-china-a-longitudinal-survey-based-study
#19
Enying Gong, Yechu Hua, Lijing L Yan
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between psychological wellbeing and physical health has been the subject of many studies among middle-aged and older adults, little is known about whether psychological wellbeing is associated with mortality among the fastest growing population segment-the oldest old (aged ≥80 years). METHODS: This study included 18 676 adults aged 80-122 years from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, conducted in 22 of 31 provinces in China in 1998 and followed up in 2000, 2002, 2005, 2008-2009, 2011-12, and 2014...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960119/revealing-student-nurses-perceptions-of-human-dignity-through-curriculum-co-design
#20
Sarah-Anne Munoz, Leah Macaden, Richard Kyle, Elaine Webster
Dignity is a slippery concept to define - yet it has been at the heart of media and policy debates around the provision of health and social care in recent years; particularly in the United Kingdom following the Mid-Staffordshire scandal and subsequent Francis Inquiry. This paper considers the concept of dignity in care from the perspective of student nurses. Thus, it allows us to discuss how professional nurses-to-be conceptualise dignity and also how they consider it should/could be taught at undergraduate and postgraduate levels of training, and as part of their Continuing Professional Development...
December 8, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
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