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Educational Value Unit

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619411/where-we-fall-down-tensions-in-teaching-social-medicine-and-global-health
#1
Amy Finnegan, Michelle Morse, Marisa Nadas, Michael Westerhaus
BACKGROUND: As global health interest has risen, so too has the relevance of education on the social determinants of health and health equity. Social medicine offers a particularly salient framework for educating on the social determinants of health, health disparities, and health equity. SocMed and EqualHealth, 2 unique but related organizations, offer annual global health courses in Uganda, Haiti, and the United States, which train students to understand and respond to the social determinants of health through praxis, self-reflection and self-awareness, and building collaborative partnerships across difference...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619092/prevalence-and-patterns-of-use-of-mantra-mindfulness-and-spiritual-meditation-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#2
Adam Burke, Chun Nok Lam, Barbara Stussman, Hui Yang
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing body of scientific literature exploring the nature of meditation there is limited information on the characteristics of individuals who use it. This is particularly true of comparative studies examining prevalence and predictors of use of various forms of meditation. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (n = 34,525). Three popular forms of meditation were compared-mantra, mindfulness, and spiritual-to determine lifetime and 12-month use related to key sociodemographic, health behavior, health status, and healthcare access variables...
June 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597704/foundation-year-one-training-in-neurosurgery-achieving-competency-a-5-year-review
#3
Shyam Pujara, Sandeep Solanki
INTRODUCTION: F1 doctors are a rare breed in Neurosurgery, featuring in only 4 out of 40 UK centres. It is widely perceived that Neurosurgery would only provide a highly specialised experience for F1s, limiting the opportunity to achieve the core practical and clinical competencies as highlighted by the United Kingdom Foundation Programme (UKFPO). Additionally, Health Education England have increased the number of community placements such as General Practice and Psychiatry further limiting F1 placements offered in specialities like Neurosurgery...
June 9, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597480/public-understanding-of-ebola-risks-mastering-an-unfamiliar-threat
#4
Baruch Fischhoff, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Dana Rose Garfin, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
Ebola was the most widely followed news story in the United States in October 2014. Here, we ask what members of the U.S. public learned about the disease, given the often chaotic media environment. Early in 2015, we surveyed a representative sample of 3,447 U.S. residents about their Ebola-related beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Where possible, we elicited judgments in terms sufficiently precise to allow comparing them to scientific estimates (e.g., the death toll to date and the probability of dying once ill)...
June 8, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591461/changes-in-families-caregiving-experiences-through-involvement-as-participants-then-facilitators-in-a-family-peer-education-program-for-mental-disorders-in-japan
#5
Masako Kageyama, Keiko Yokoyama, Yukako Nakamura, Sayaka Kobayashi
A family peer-education program for mental disorders was developed in Japan, similar to existing programs in the United States and Hong Kong. Families that serve as facilitators in such programs may enhance their caregiving processes and, thereby, their well-being. This study's aim was to describe how families' caregiving experiences change, beginning with the onset of a family member's mental illness, through their involvement in a family group or peer-education program as participants then facilitators. Thus, this study was conducted in a family peer-education program for mental disorders in Japan...
June 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586430/national-study-of-excellence-and-innovation-in-physical-therapist-education-part-1-design-method-and-results
#6
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Elizabeth Mostrom, Laurita M Hack, Janet Gwyer
Background.: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching commissioned the Preparation for the Professions Program, a qualitative study of professional education in 5 professions: medicine, nursing, law, engineering and clergy. These studies identified curricular structures, instructional practices, assessment approaches and environmental characteristics that support the preparation of professionals and led to educational reforms. The physical therapy profession has not had any in-depth, national investigation of physical therapist education since the Catherine Worthingham studies conducted more than 50 years ago...
June 6, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581305/the-roles-of-family-culture-and-social-cognitive-variables-in-the-career-interests-and-goals-of-asian-american-college-students
#7
Kayi Hui, Robert W Lent
Although family and cultural factors have been assumed to play important roles in the career development of Asian Americans, theory-driven research on this topic remains limited. We examined culturally relevant factors that may contribute to Asian Americans' consideration of fields in which they are overrepresented (e.g., science, technology, engineering) and underrepresented (e.g., education, social science). Drawing from social cognitive career theory, a culture-specific, social cognitive model of career interests and choice was tested in Holland's (1997) Investigative (I) and Social (S) themes...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576953/the-medication-optimization-value-proposition-aligning-teams-and-education-to-improve-care
#8
Jon C Easter, Darren A DeWalt
United States health care lags behind other countries in quality and cost. The present health care system is unsustainable, and there is now a quick movement toward value-based care. This article lays out essential care delivery elements, and makes the case for medication optimization to enable new value-based models. Success factors include enhancing team-based care and interdisciplinary education to achieve patient-centered care.
May 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557236/using-action-research-to-develop-midwives-skills-to-support-women-with-perinatal-mental-health-needs
#9
Vivienne Brady, Deirdre Madden, Ann Marie Sliney, Aoife O'Friel, Barbara McMackin, Bernie O'Callaghan, Kate Casey, Lisa Courtney, Valerie Fleming
The aim of the research was to identify and develop midwives' skills to support women with mental health needs during pregnancy, using an action research approach. BACKGROUND: A review of perinatal mental health services in a large [insert here] maternity unit revealed a high number of referred women who 'did not attend' the perinatal mental health service with few guidelines in place to support midwives in identifying and referring women for specialist help. DESIGN: Action research using cooperative inquiry involved a mental health nurse specialist and a team of midwives, who were drawn to each other in mutual concern about an area of practice...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545474/a-retrospective-study-to-assess-the-evaluation-of-living-related-kidney-donors-and-their-outcomes-following-nephrectomy-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#10
A Muturi, V Kotecha, S Kanyi
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation is the renal replacement therapy of choice for end stage renal disease. To ensure safety regular audit of the donation process is necessary. The aim of this study was to assess the evaluation of potential living related kidney donors and document their outcomes following nephrectomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive study involving all living related kidney donors seen at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) renal unit from 2010 to 2014...
May 25, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541137/clinical-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Anders L Carlson, Deborah M Mullen, Richard M Bergenstal
Hemoglobin A1c is an excellent population health measure for the risk of vascular complications in diabetes, while continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is a tool to help personalize a diabetes treatment plan. The value of CGM in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been well demonstrated when compared with utilizing self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) to guide treatment decisions. CGM is a tool for patients and clinicians to visualize the important role that diet, exercise, stress management, and the appropriate selection of diabetes medications can have in managing type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
May 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538939/quality-of-life-and-associated-characteristics-application-of-whoqol-bref-in-the-context-of-primary-health-care
#12
Celline Cardoso Almeida-Brasil, Micheline Rosa Silveira, Kátia Rodrigues Silva, Marina Guimarães Lima, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria, Claudia Lins Cardoso, Hans-Joachim Karl Menzel, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato
This study aimed to identify the characteristics associated to quality of life (QOL) in users of four Basic Health Units (Unidades Básicas de Saúde, UBS) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 930 adult users enrolled in the selected UBS, using a questionnaire containing the WHOQOL-bref instrument and questions about sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle and health conditions. Following descriptive analysis, we performed simple and multiple linear regression to evaluate the association between the exposure variables and the QOL domains...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538445/a-national-survey-on-the-use-of-immersive-simulation-for-interprofessional-education-in-physical-therapist-education-programs
#13
Brad Stockert, Patricia J Ohtake
INTRODUCTION: There is growing recognition that collaborative practice among healthcare professionals is associated with improved patient outcomes and enhanced team functioning, but development of collaborative practitioners requires interprofessional education (IPE). Immersive simulation, a clinically relevant experience that deeply engages the learner in realistic clinical environments, is used increasingly for IPE. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of immersive simulation as a strategy for IPE in physical therapist (PT) education programs...
May 20, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538427/return-on-investment-of-advanced-practice-medical-degrees-nps-vs-pas
#14
Christopher K Craig, James H Holmes, Jeffery E Carter
As the United States faces a predicted physician shortage over the next 2 decades, physician assistants (PAs) and NPs are expected to fill the void. At the same time, because education is expensive, student loan and tuition increases have many potential applicants assessing differences in reimbursement and wondering about their return on investment (ROI). An analysis compared PA and NP salaries by incorporating national salary data, federal income tax, and student loans for a comparative analysis of each career pathway...
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528623/organizational-perspectives-of-nurse-executives-in-15-hospitals-on-the-impact-and-effectiveness-of-rapid-response-teams
#15
Patricia L Smith, Jean McSweeney
BACKGROUND: Many hospitals use rapid response teams (RRTs) to respond to deteriorating patients, but it remains unclear what organizations actually monitor. Understanding what organizations value in an RRT may help clarify measurement choices. Interviews were conducted to determine how organizational leaders perceived and evaluated their hospitals' RRTs. METHODS: The study used a descriptive, qualitative design. Participants were nurse executives and key informants in 300- to 500-bed hospitals in the south-central United States and were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
June 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522640/results-of-the-2015-national-certified-pharmacy-technician-workforce-survey
#16
Shane P Desselle, Erin R Holmes
PURPOSE: The results of the 2015 National Certified Pharmacy Technician Workforce Survey are described. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to a randomized sample of 5,000 certified pharmacy technicians (CPhTs) throughout the United States, with response reminders employed. Survey items eliciting demographic and work characteristics and work life attitudes were generated from the literature and qualitative interviews. This study aimed to describe job satisfaction, sources of stress, profession and employer commitment, education and training, and reasons for entry into the profession among CPhTs and determine relationships between those variables and CPhTs' level of involvement in various work activities, with particular attention paid to differences in practice setting...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514529/the-effect-of-repeated-freeze-thaw-cycles-on-human-muscle-tissue-visualized-by-post-mortem-computed-tomography-pmct
#17
Anthony C Klop, Marloes E M Vester, Kerri L Colman, Jan M Ruijter, Rick R van Rijn, Roelof-Jan Oostra
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine whether effects of repetitive freeze-thaw cycles, with various thawing temperatures, on human muscle tissue can be quantified using post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) technology. An additional objective was to determine the preferred thawing temperature for muscle tissue in this study. MATERIALS & METHODS: Human cadaver upper extremities were divided into two different thawing temperature groups and underwent a series of four freeze-thaw cycles in total...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507847/plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-in-global-health-let-s-reconstruct-global-surgery
#18
Karen Y Chung
Since the inception of the Lancet Commission in 2013 and consequent prioritization of Global Surgery at the World Health Assembly, international surgical outreach efforts have increased and become more synergistic. Plastic surgeons have been involved in international outreach for decades, and there is now a demand to collaborate and address local need in an innovative way. The aim of this article was to summarize new developments in plastic and reconstructive surgery in global health, to unify our approach to international outreach...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501761/improving-the-quality-of-the-intensive-care-follow-up-of-ventilated-patients-during-a-national-registration-program
#19
P Reper, D Dicker, P Damas, L Huyghens, M Haelterman
OBJECTIVES: The Belgian Public Health Organization is concerned with rates of hospital-acquired infections like ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Implementing best practice guidelines for these nosocomial infections has variable success in the literature. This retrospective study was undertaken to see whether implementation of the evidence-based practices as a bundle was feasible, would influence compliance, and could reduce the rates of VAP. STUDY DESIGN: We utilized easily collectable data about regular care to rapidly assess whether interventions already in place were effectively successfully applied...
July 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497873/an-online-education-approach-to-population-health-in-a-global-society
#20
Queen Utley-Smith
BACKGROUND: Health professions education content must keep pace with the ever-evolving and changing health care system. Population-based health care is advocated as a way to improve health outcomes, particularly in a technologically advanced health system like the United States. At the same time, global health knowledge is increasingly valued in health professions education, including nursing. AIMS: This article describes the design and implementation of an online population health course with a global viewpoint intended to accommodate the need for improved knowledge and skill application for graduate nurses...
May 12, 2017: Public Health Nursing
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