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Xiaopeng Tang, Bo Liu, Xiangrong Wang, Qifang Yu, Rejun Fang
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been widely used for protection of stress-induced intestinal mucosa dysfunction. However, whether EGF would alleviate oxidative injury and reduce apoptosis in porcine intestine is not yet known. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of EGF on lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced induction of oxidative stress and ensuing apoptosis in the porcine intestinal epithelial cell line, IPEC-J2. The present study showed that EGF significantly increased cell viability and decreased the LPS-induced induction of apoptosis, dehydrogenase (LDH) release and malonaldehyde (MDA) production...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Lisha Zhao, Xufeng Tao, Yan Qi, Lina Xu, Lianhong Yin, Jinyong Peng
Clinical application of doxorubicin (DOX) is limited because of its cardiotoxicity. Thus, exploration of effective lead compounds against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity is necessary. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of dioscin against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. The in vitro model of DOX- treated H9C2 cells and the in vivo models of DOX-treated rats and mice were used in this study. The results showed that discoin markedly increased H9C2 cell viability, decreased the levels of CK, LDH, and improved histopathological and electrocardio- gram changes in rats and mice to protect DOX-induced cardiotoxicity...
March 6, 2018: Redox Biology
Ali C M Johnson, Richard A Zager
Background: P21, a cyclin kinase inhibitor, is upregulated by renal 'ischemic preconditioning' (IPC), and induces a 'cytoresistant' state. However, P21-induced cell cycle inhibition can also contribute to cellular senescence, a potential adverse renal event. Hence, this study assessed whether: (i) IPC-induced P21 upregulation is associated with subsequent renal senescence; and (ii) preconditioning can be established 'independent' of P21 induction and avoid a post-ischemic senescent state? Methods: CD-1 mice were subjected to either IPC (5-15 min) or to a recently proposed 'oxidant-induced preconditioning' (OIP) strategy (tin protoporphyrin-induced heme oxygenase inhibition +/- parental iron administration)...
March 7, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Ravikanth Velagapudi, Abdelmeneim El-Bakoush, Olumayokun A Olajide
Hyperactivated microglia plays a key role in regulating neuroinflammatory responses which cause damage to neurons. In recent years, substantial attention has been paid in identifying new strategies to abrogate neuroinflammation. Tiliroside, a natural dietary glycosidic flavonoid, is known to inhibit neuroinflammation. This study was aimed at investigating the molecular mechanisms involved in the inhibition of neuroinflammation and neurotoxicity by tiliroside. The effects of tiliroside on Nrf2 and SIRT1 activities in BV2 microglia and HT22 hippocampal neurons were investigated using immunoblotting and DNA binding assays...
March 5, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Ajeet Kumar Verma, Arti Yadav, Sarvendra Vikram Singh, Pratibha Mishra, Srikanta Kumar Rath
AIMS: Long-term treatment of Isoniazid (INH) in tuberculosis (TB) patients can lead to anti-tuberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity. To understand the mechanism of hepatotoxicity, an attempt has been made to elucidate the role of Nrf2, a transcription factor induced by oxidative stress, in INH induced apoptosis liver cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay. Apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was performed by flow cytometry...
February 27, 2018: Life Sciences
Mandy M Liu, Kevin M Huang, Li Qian, Payal Chatterjee, Suhui Zhang, Rui Li, Su Zhou, Zhijun Wang, Yun Luo, Ying Huang
BACKGROUND: The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a potential molecular target for cancer chemoprevention. Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), a popular traditional Chinese medicine for women's health, was reported with a novel activity of cancer prevention. PURPOSE: The present study was aimed to identify the bioactive constituents in SWT responsible for the Nrf2 activating and cancer preventive activity and explore the pharmacological mechanisms. METHODS: Nine compounds detectable from various batches of SWT were ranked using in silico molecular docking based on their ability to interfere the forming of Nrf2-Keap1 complex...
February 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Subhadip Hajra, Arup Ranjan Patra, Abhishek Basu, Sudin Bhattacharya
Doxorubicin (DOX) is an anthracycline group of antibiotic available for the treatment of broad spectrum of human cancers. However, patient receiving DOX-therapy, myelosuppression and genotoxicity which may lead to secondary malignancy and dose dependent cardiotoxicity is an imperative adverse effect. Mechanisms behind the DOX-induced toxicities are increased level of oxidative damage, inflammation and apoptosis. Therefore, in search of a potential chemoprotectant, naturally occurring glucosinolate breakdown product Indole-3-Carbinol (I3C) was evaluated against DOX-induced toxicities in Swiss albino mice...
February 26, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Gang Wang, Ying Liu, Xue-Feng Hou, Zhong-Cheng Ke, Liang Feng, Xiao-Bin Jia
Ligusticum chuanxiong is one of the common traditional Chinese medicinal herbs for treating various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and a number of previous studies have demonstrated that the extract of L. chuanxiong has strong antioxidative activity. This paper was mainly aimed to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of L. chuanxiong extraction on oxidative stress induced by myocardial ischemia injury in rats. The rats were subcutaneously injected with isoprenaline hydrochloride to induce myocardial ischemia injury and treated for 2 weeks...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Juan Tang, Xiuying Jia, Nana Gao, Yingzhu Wu, Zhengquan Liu, Xiangjun Lu, Qiongxia Du, Jianbo He, Ning Li, Bin Chen, Jinxiao Jiang, Wenli Liu, Ying Ding, Weiqin Zhu, Hangjun Zhang
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is widely distributed in various environmental media and is toxic to organisms. This study demonstrated that PFOA induces hepatotoxicity in the frog and evaluated the role of CYP3A and the Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway in regulating responses to PFOA-induced hepatotoxicity. Rana nigromaculata were exposed to 0, 0.01, 0.1, 0.5, or 1 mg/L PFOA solutions in a static-renewal system for 14 days. Liver tissue samples were collected 24 h after the last treatment. Hepatic histology was observed by HE staining and transmission electron microscopy...
February 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Xiaoqi Jing, Jiaqi Zhang, Zhenlin Huang, Yuchen Sheng, Lili Ji
Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is a rare and life-threatening liver disease. (+)-catechin is a natural dietary flavonol with high antioxidant capacity. This study aims to investigate the involvement of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant signaling pathway in the protection of (+)-catechin hydrate (CAT) against monocrotaline (MCT)-induced HSOS. Results of serum alanine/aspartate aminotransferases (ALT/AST) activities, total bilirubin (TBil) and bile acids (TBA) amounts, liver histological observation, scanning electron microscope evaluation and hepatic metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression all demonstrated the protection of CAT against MCT-induced HSOS in rats...
February 20, 2018: Free Radical Research
Ting Long, Yuan Yang, Ling Peng, Zuoxiao Li
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic auto-inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) and hard to heal. This study aimed to investigate the effect of melatonin on mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a widely used MS model, and its potential mechanism underlying the action of MT on anti-oxidative stress. Female C57BL/6 mice were injected with MOG35-55 peptide to set up the EAE model, and for detection of the effect of melatonin (10 mg/kg i.p.) on the development and progression of EAE...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Jinzi Wu, Zhen Jin, Xiaorong Yang, Liang-Jun Yan
We previously reported that 5-methoxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (MICA) could induce preconditioning effect in the ischemic brain of rat. In the present study, we addressed the question of whether MICA could also trigger a postconditioning effect in ischemic stroke. To this end, MICA (100mgkg body weight) was injected intraperitoneally at the onset of 24 h reperfusion following 1 h ischemia in rat brain. Results indicate that stroked animals treated with MICA showed less brain infarction volume than that of vehicle-treated animals...
February 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Nobuyuki Arakawa, Ayaka Okubo, Shinji Yasuhira, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Hiroo Amano, Toshihide Akasaka, Tomoyuki Masuda, Masahiko Shibazaki, Chihaya Maesawa
NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1)-dependent antitumor drugs such as β-lapachone (β-lap) are attractive candidates for cancer chemotherapy because several tumors exhibit higher expression of NQO1 than adjacent tissues. Although the association between NQO1 and β-lap has been elucidated, the effects of a NQO1-inducer and β-lap used in combination remain to be clarified. It has previously been reported that melanoma cell lines have detectable levels of NQO1 expression and are sensitive to NQO1-dependent drugs such as 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Sun Young Park, Min Hyun Choi, Mei Li, Ke Li, Geuntae Park, Young-Whan Choi
OBJECTIVES: Abnormal microglia secrete neuroinflammatory factors that play a pivotal role in neurodegenerative-disorder development. Thus, regulating abnormal microglia-activation could be a promising therapeutic strategy. The purposes of this study included investigating the effect of Petatewalide B on lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) stimulated microglia and exploring the role of the AMPK/Nrf2- (adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2) signaling pathway in the anti-neuroinflammatory function of Petatewalide B...
February 12, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Sun Young Park, Young-Whan Choi, Geuntae Park
OBJECTIVES: Our study verified the neuroprotective properties of emodin against oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) and demonstrated its mechanism. METHODS: Human neuronal SH-SY5Y cells were investigated by analysing cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase levels, expression of molecules related to apoptotic cell death, and using biochemical techniques, flow cytometry and Western blot assays. KEY FINDINGS: Emodin reduced OGD/R-lead to neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Ya-Nan Jia, Hai-Peng Lu, Ya-Lin Peng, Bao-Shun Zhang, Xiao-Bao Gong, Jun Su, You Zhou, Min-Hui Pan, Li Xu
Oxyresveratrol (Oxy) is a natural polyhydroxystilbene abundant in mulberry that has anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant activities. We evaluated the protective effect of Oxy in the context of the lipopolysaccharide and d-galactosamine (LPS/d-GalN) induced acute liver injury. Oxy restricted the development of histopathological changes, markedly reduced the activity of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST), which are indicators of impaired liver function. Oxy significantly regulated the contents of oxidative stress related enzymes and products, and inhibited expressions of inflammatory mediators and cytokines...
January 23, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Chin-Shiu Huang, Haw-Wen Chen, Tzu-Yu Lin, Ai-Hsuan Lin, Chong-Kuei Lii
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shikonin, a naphthoquinone pigment abundant in the root of the Chinese herb Lithospermum erythrorhizon, has been widely used to treat inflammatory diseases for thousands of years. Whether shikonin changes drug metabolism remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated whether shikonin modulates the expression of hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters as well as the possible mechanisms of this action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary hepatocytes isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with 0-2 μM shikonin and the protein and mRNA levels of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters as well as the activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) were determined...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Verena Coleman, Piangkwan Sa-Nguanmoo, Jeannette Koenig, Tim J Schulz, Tilman Grune, Susanne Klaus, Anna P Kipp, Mario Ost
Mitochondrial dysfunction is usually associated with various metabolic disorders and ageing. However, salutary effects in response to mild mitochondrial perturbations have been reported in multiple organisms, whereas molecular regulators of cell-autonomous stress responses remain elusive. We addressed this question by asking whether the nuclear factor erythroid-derived-like 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor and master regulator of cellular redox status is involved in adaptive physiological responses including muscle mitohormesis...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiaoxue Zhang, Renpeng Ji, Huijun Sun, Jinyong Peng, Xiaodong Ma, ChangYuan Wang, Yufeng Fu, Liuchi Bao, Yue Jin
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterised by excessive accumulation of hepatic lipids and oxidative injury of hepatocytes. Scutellarin is a flavonoid glycoside having antioxidative stress activity. Our current study aims to investigate the molecular mechanism of scutellarin ameliorating NAFLD. Scutellarin treatment was applied to male C57BL/6 mice maintained on a high-fat diet (HFD) and HepG2 cells challenged with oleic acid. The antioxidation biochemical indicators and lipid levels in the liver and cells were detected by kits...
February 5, 2018: Free Radical Research
Chao Wang, Limin Shu, Chengyue Zhang, Wenji Li, Renyi Wu, Yue Guo, Yuqing Yang, Ah-Ng Kong
SCOPE: This study aimed to investigate the role of the epigenetic regulator SET domain-containing lysine methyltransferase 7 (Setd7) in regulating the antioxidant Nrf2 pathway in prostate cancer (PCa) cells and examined the effects of two phytochemicals, phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) and ursolic acid (UA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Lentivirus-mediated shRNA knockdown of Setd7 in LNCaP and PC-3 cells decreased the expression of downstream Nrf2 targets, such as NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (Nqo1) and glutathione S-transferase theta 2 (Gstt2)...
January 30, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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