Read by QxMD icon Read


Wei Di, Xiaolei Shi, Hua Lv, Jun Liu, Hong Zhang, Zhiwei Li, Yannan Fang
BACKGROUND: Antioxidants have been proven to weaken hyperalgesia in neuropathic pain. Endogenous antioxidant defense system may have a role in the prevention of hyperalgesia in migraine. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the role of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2/antioxidant response element (Nrf2/ARE) pathway in regulating the activation of the trigeminovascular system (TGVS) and hypersensitivity in nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced hyperalgesia rats. METHODS: The expression levels of Nrf2, HO, HO1, and NQO1 in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) were detected by western blot...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Lenka Roubalová, David Biedermann, Barbora Papoušková, Jan Vacek, Marek Kuzma, Vladimír Křen, Jitka Ulrichová, Albena T Dinkova-Kostova, Jiří Vrba
The natural flavonoid quercetin is known to activate the transcription factor Nrf2, which regulates the expression of cytoprotective enzymes such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). In this study, a novel semisynthetic flavonoid 7-O-galloylquercetin (or quercetin-7-gallate, 3) was prepared by direct galloylation of quercetin, and its effect on the Nrf2 pathway was examined. A luciferase reporter assay showed that 7-O-galloylquercetin, like quercetin, significantly activated transcription via the antioxidant response element in a stably transfected human AREc32 reporter cell line...
October 21, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Nadja Förster, Inga Mewis, Hansruedi Glatt, Michael Haack, Regina Brigelius-Flohé, Monika Schreiner, Christian Ulrichs
Leaves of Moringa oleifera are used by tribes as biological cancer medicine. Scientific investigations with M. oleifera conducted so far have almost exclusively used total plant extracts. Studies on the activity of single compounds are missing. Therefore, the biological effects of the two main aromatic multi-glycosylated glucosinolates of M. oleifera were investigated in the present study. The cytotoxic effects of M. oleifera glucosinolates were identified for HepG2 cells (NRU assay), for V79-MZ cells (HPRT assay, SCE assay), and for two Salmonella typhimurium strains (Ames test)...
October 24, 2016: Food & Function
Rashi Arora, Sharad Sawney, Vikas Saini, Chris Steffi, Manisha Tiwari, Daman Saluja
BACKGROUND: A handful of studies have exploited antitumor potential of esculetin, a dihydroxy coumarine derivative; the targets to which it binds and the possible downstream mechanism for its cytotoxicity in cancer cells remain to be elucidated. Using pancreatic cancer cell lines as a model system, herein the study was initiated to check the efficacy of esculetin in inhibiting growth of these cancer cells, to decipher mechanism of its action and to predict its direct binding target protein...
October 18, 2016: Molecular Cancer
Daniel Hanna, Ariane Emami Riedmaier, Kim S Sugamori, Denis M Grant
The incidence of liver cancer is higher in men than in women. This sex difference is also observed in murine tumor induction models that result in the appearance of liver tumors in adult mice following their exposure on postnatal days 8 and/or 15 to carcinogens such as 4-aminobiphenyl (ABP) or diethylnitrosamine (DEN). Previous studies performed in adult mice showed that acute hepatotoxic and inflammatory responses to high-dose DEN exposure were greater in males than in females, leading to the suggestion that these responses could account for the sex difference in tumor development...
October 13, 2016: Toxicology
Chang-Bum Ahn, Jae-Young Je, Young-Sang Kim, Sun-Joo Park, Boo Il Kim
Chemical modification of chitosan is a promising method for the improvement of biological activity. In this study, chitosan-caffeic acid (CCA) was prepared and its in vitro hepatoprotective ability against hydrogen peroxide-induced hepatic damage in liver cells was evaluated. Treatment with CCA (50-400 µg/mL) did not show cytotoxicity and also significantly (p < 0.05) recovered cell viability against 650 µM hydrogen peroxide-induced hepatotoxicity. CCA treatment attenuated reactive oxygen species generation and lipid peroxidation in addition to increasing cellular glutathione level in cultured hepatocytes...
October 15, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Yeon-Hui Jeong, Jin-Sun Park, Dong-Hyun Kim, Hee-Sun Kim
Lonchocarpine is a phenylpropanoid compound isolated from Abrus precatorius that has anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antiepileptic activities. In the present study, we investigated the antioxidant effects of lonchocarpine in brain glial cells and analyzed its molecular mechanisms. We found that lonchocarpine suppressed reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cell death in hydrogen peroxide-treated primary astrocytes. In addition, lonchocarpine increased the expression of antioxidant enzymes, such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), which are all under the control of Nrf2/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling...
October 17, 2016: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Hui Ding, Handong Wang, Lin Zhu, Wuting Wei
Previous studies have indicated oxidative stress and inflammatory injury as significant contributors to the secondary damage associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Ursolic acid (UA) has been demonstrated to exert anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects on cerebral ischemia by activating the nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway. However, the effects of UA on TBI remain unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential roles of UA in the activation of the Nrf2 pathway using an experimental TBI model and the underlying mechanism...
October 12, 2016: Neurochemical Research
Winifred Broekman, Helene Roelofs, Maria C Zarcone, Christian Taube, Jan Stolk, Pieter S Hiemstra
Autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) are evaluated for clinical use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, but it is unclear whether COPD affects BM-MSCs. To investigate this, BM-MSCs from nine COPD patients and nine non-COPD age-matched controls were compared with regard to immunophenotype, growth and differentiation potential, and migration capacity. Other functional assays included the response to pro-inflammatory stimuli and inducers of the nuclear factor (erythroid derived 2)-like 2 antioxidant response element (Nrf2-ARE) pathway, and effects on NCI-H292 airway epithelial cells...
April 2016: ERJ Open Research
Shu-Hua Yang, Miao Long, Li-Hui Yu, Lin Li, Peng Li, Yi Zhang, Yang Guo, Feng Gao, Ming-Da Liu, Jian-Bin He
Sulforaphane (SFN) is a natural and highly effective antioxidant. Studies suggest that SFN protects cells and tissues against cadmium (Cd) toxicity. This study investigated the protective effect of SFN against oxidative damage in the testes of Kunming mice exposed to cadmium, and explored the possible molecular mechanisms involved. Cadmium greatly reduced the serum testosterone levels in mice, reduced sperm motility, total sperm count, and increased the sperm deformity rate. Cadmium also reduces superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and glutathione (GSH) levels and increases malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ananddeep Patel, Shaojie Zhang, Amrit Kumar Shrestha, Paramahamsa Maturu, Bhagavatula Moorthy, Binoy Shivanna
Omeprazole (OM) is an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist and a proton pump inhibitor that is used to treat humans with gastric acid related disorders. Recently, we showed that OM induces NAD (P) H quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) via nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-dependent mechanism. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is another cytoprotective and antioxidant enzyme that is regulated by Nrf2. Whether OM induces HO-1 in fetal human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMEC) is unknown. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that OM will induce HO-1 expression via Nrf2 in HPMEC...
October 8, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Qianying Zhang, Zhike Li, Shuangchan Wu, Xiaofei Li, Ying Sang, Jian Li, Yunhui Niu, Hong Ding
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease occurring in the central nervous system. In the present study, we evaluated the function of myricetin on the alleviation of behavioral dysfunction and myelin protection in the cuprizone-induced demyelination model. Mice were daily fed with fodder including 0.2% cuprizone and were administrated myricetin (100 mg kg(-1)) by gavage administration for 5 weeks. The treatment of myricetin ameliorated hyper-locomotion and behavior impairment induced by cuprizone toxicity...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
I S Haslam, L Jadkauskaite, Imre Lőrinc Szabó, S Staege, J Hesebeck-Brinckmann, G Jenkins, R Bhogal, F L Lim, N Farjo, B Farjo, T Bíró, M Schäfer, R Paus
The in situ control of redox insult in human organs is of major clinical relevance, yet remains incompletely understood. Activation of Nrf2, the "master regulator" of genes controlling cellular redox homeostasis, is advocated as a therapeutic strategy for diseases with severely impaired redox balance. It remains to be shown whether this strategy is effective in human organs, rather than isolated human cell types. We have therefore explored the role of Nrf2 in a uniquely accessible human (mini-) organ, human scalp hair follicles (HFs)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Nicholas O Thomas, Kate P Shay, Amanda R Kelley, Judy A Butler, Tory M Hagen
Isolated hepatocytes from young (4-6mo) and old (24-26mo) F344 rats were exposed to increasing concentrations of menadione, a vitamin K derivative and redox cycling agent, to determine whether the age-related decline in Nrf2-mediated detoxification defenses resulted in heightened susceptibility to xenobiotic insult. An LC50 for each age group was established, which showed that aging resulted in a nearly 2-fold increase in susceptibility to menadione (LC50 for young: 405μM; LC50 for old: 275μM). Examination of the known Nrf2-regulated pathways associated with menadione detoxification revealed, surprisingly, that NAD(P)H: quinone oxido-reductase 1 (NQO1) protein levels and activity were induced 9-fold and 4-fold with age, respectively (p=0...
September 22, 2016: Redox Biology
Xiaohui Su, Qingchun Huang, Jianyu Chen, Maojie Wang, Hudan Pan, Rui Wang, Hua Zhou, Zhanqing Zhou, Juan Liu, Fen Yang, Ting Li, Liang Liu
The activation of synovial fibroblasts (SFs) and the subsequent production and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines play a crucial role in the pathogenesis and progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the current study, rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) isolated from the joint of the patients were used to evaluate the suppressive effects of calycosin (CAL), a compound derived from the Chinese medicinal herb Radix Astragali, on the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in RASFs. The results demonstrated that increased mRNA expression levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-25 (IL-25), interleukin-33(IL-33) were significantly inhibited by CAL...
September 24, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Marie-Luise Kruse, Martin Friedrich, Alexander Arlt, Christoph Röcken, Jan-Hendrik Egberts, Susanne Sebens, Heiner Schäfer
BACKGROUND: The antioxidant transcription factor Nrf2 confers broad cytoprotection and has a dual role in tumorigenesis. Enhancing proteasome activity is one mechanism by which Nrf2 can promote cancer development, e.g., colorectal cancer. This study investigated whether this potential oncogenic effect of Nrf2 emerges already from the epithelial adaptation to persistent oxidative stress during inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-producing inflammatory myeloid cells (IMCs) from colon tissue of patients with IBD were cocultured with human NCM460 colonocytes...
September 21, 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Katarzyna Lubelska, Katarzyna Wiktorska, Lidia Mielczarek, Małgorzata Milczarek, Ilona Zbroińska-Bregisz, Zdzisław Chilmonczyk
Sulforaphane (SFN), a naturally occurring chemopreventive and anticancer agent, is a nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 (NFE2L2/Nrf2) inducer. Nrf2 plays a critical role in coordinating the cell defense system by initiating the transcription of cytoprotective genes, including detoxification enzymes such as NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1) and transport proteins such as ATP-binding cassette, subfamily C (CFTR/MRP). Recently, the essential role of Nrf2 in tumor development and progression and in the development of multidrug resistance in cancer cells has been highlighted...
September 16, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Yuan Xiao-Ying, Pang Xiao-Wen, Zhang Guo-Qiang, Guo Jian-You
BACKGROUND: Salidroside is the major active component of Rhodiola rosea, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine used for protection against ultraviolet (UV) radiation. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether salidroside can protect skin from ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced oxidative damage in human immortalized HaCaT keratinocytes and the skin of guinea pigs. METHODS: Using HaCaT cell models, the effects of salidroside on oxidative damage and possible regulatory factors [including NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1), and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1)] were examined...
September 14, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Sun Young Park, Mei Ling Jin, Ziyu Wang, Geuntae Park, Young-Whan Choi
2,3,4',5-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside (THSG) affects neuroinflammation-related neurodegenerative diseases and inhibits neuroinflammatory mediators. However, the detailed impacts and underlying mechanisms of THSG on neuroinflammatory responses are still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-neuroinflammatory mechanism of THSG via AMPK/Nrf2 signaling pathways. This study showed that THSG attenuated LPS-induced iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-6 activation in microglia. Furthermore, it was observed that activation of IκBα and NF-κB was significantly increased upon LPS stimulation, and suppressed by THSG treatment in a dose-dependent manner...
September 13, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Dimitra Zagoura, David Canovas-Jorda, Francesca Pistollato, Susanne Bremer-Hoffmann, Anna Bal-Price
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are considered as a powerful tool for drug and chemical screening and development of new in vitro testing strategies in the field of toxicology, including neurotoxicity evaluation. These cells are able to expand and efficiently differentiate into different types of neuronal and glial cells as well as peripheral neurons. These human cells-based neuronal models serve as test systems for mechanistic studies on different pathways involved in neurotoxicity. One of the well-known mechanisms that are activated by chemically-induced oxidative stress is the Nrf2 signalling pathway...
September 8, 2016: Neurochemistry International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"