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Nrf2 AND NQO1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628905/a-ros-mediated-mitochondrial-pathway-and-nrf2-pathway-activation-are-involved-in-bde-47-induced-apoptosis-in-neuro-2a-cells
#1
Hongmei Chen, Xuexi Tang, Bin Zhou, Zhongyuan Zhou, Ningning Xu, You Wang
Our previous study showed that 2,2'-,4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) is cytotoxic and induces apoptosis in Neuro-2a cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2), an antioxidant transcriptional regulator of oxidative stress and apoptosis, is involved in this process. The results of toxicological experiments showed that BDE-47 decreased the cellular mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and increased cytochrome c release to the cytoplasm, followed by an increase in intracellular caspase-9 and caspase-3 activity, suggesting that a mitochondrial pathway was involved in the apoptotic process...
June 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626497/hepatoprotective-effect-of-polyphenol-enriched-fraction-from-folium-microcos-on-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-acetaminophen-induced-liver-injury-in-mice
#2
Hongtan Wu, Gang Zhang, Lisen Huang, Haiyue Pang, Na Zhang, Yupei Chen, Gueyhorng Wang
Folium Microcos (FM), the leaves of Microcos paniculata L., shows various biological functions including antioxidant activity and α-glucosidase inhibitory effect. However, its therapeutic potential in acute liver injury is still unknown. This study investigated the hepatoprotective effect and underlying mechanisms of the polyphenol-enriched fraction (FMF) from Folium Microcos. FMF exhibited strong free radical scavenging activities and prevented HepG2/Hepa1-6 cells from hydrogen peroxide- (H2O2-) induced ROS production and apoptosis in vitro...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622086/naringenin-ameliorates-behavioral-dysfunction-and-neurological-deficits-in-a-d-galactose-induced-aging-mouse-model-through-activation-of-pi3k-akt-nrf2-pathway
#3
Yan Zhang, Bin Liu, Xi Chen, Ning Zhang, Guang Li, Li-Hong Li-Hong Zhang, Li-Yan Li-Yan Tan
In this study, we evaluated the protective effects of naringenin on aging mice induced by D-gal. Open field test and Morris water maze test were performed to evaluate the effect of naringenin on behavioral dysfunction. HE staining, TUNEL staining and Nissl staining were used to estimate the effect of naringenin on neurological deficits. Furthermore, naringenin markedly activated PI3K/Akt signaling, eventually promoted the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and induced the expressions of HO-1and NQO1. SOD, CAT and TBARS assays were conducted to evaluate oxidative stress in D-gal-induced aging mice...
June 16, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620296/testosterone-propionate-exacerbates-the-deficits-of-nigrostriatal-dopaminergic-system-and-downregulates-nrf2-expression-in-reserpine-treated-aged-male-rats
#4
Rui Cui, Yunxiao Kang, Li Wang, Shuangcheng Li, Xiaoming Ji, Wensheng Yan, Guoliang Zhang, Huixian Cui, Geming Shi
There is a controversy over the effects of testosterone supplements on dopaminergic function. Both neuroprotective and toxic effects of testosterone supplements are reported. The status of oxidative stress seems to explain the neuroprotective or toxic properties of testosterone. To determine the efficacy of testosterone supplements in different status of oxidative stress, the present studies analyzed the dopamine (DA)-related behaviors and neurochemical indices, as well as markers of nigrostriatal dopaminergic (NSDA) system in reserpine-treated aged male rats followed by testosterone propionate (TP) supplements...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604588/docosahexaenoic-acid-induces-expression-of-heme-oxygenase-1-and-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-through-activation-of-nrf2-in-human-mammary-epithelial-cells
#5
Hye-Yoon Bang, Sin-Aye Park, Soma Saeidi, Hye-Kyung Na, Young-Joon Surh
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an ω-3 fatty acid abundant in fish oils, has diverse health beneficial effects, such as anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and chemopreventive activities. In this study, we found that DHA induced expression of two representative antioxidant/cytoprotective enzymes, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1), in human mammary epithealial (MCF-10A) cells. DHA-induced upregulation of these enzymes was accompanied by enhanced translocation of the redox-sensitive transcription factor Nrf2 into the nucleus and its binding to antioxidant response element...
June 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598487/apigenin-exhibits-protective-effects-in-a-mouse-model-of-d-galactose-induced-aging-via-activating-the-nrf2-pathway
#6
Ying Sang, Fan Zhang, Heng Wang, Jianqiao Yao, Ruichuan Chen, Zhengdao Zhou, Kun Yang, Yan Xie, Tianfeng Wan, Hong Ding
The aim of the present research was to study the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of apigenin on d-galactose-induced aging mice. Firstly, apigenin exhibited a potent antioxidant activity in vitro. Secondly, d-galactose was administered by subcutaneous injection once daily for 8 weeks to establish an aging mouse model to investigate the protective effect of apigenin. We found that apigenin supplementation significantly ameliorated aging-related changes such as behavioral impairment, decreased organic index, histopathological injury, increased senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SAβ-gal) activity and advanced glycation end product (AGE) level...
June 9, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595780/the-beneficial-effects-of-zinc-on-diabetes-induced-kidney-damage-in-murine-rodent-model-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Fan Yang, Bing Li, Xiaoming Dong, Wenpeng Cui, Ping Luo
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic multi-factorial metabolic disorder resulting from impaired glucose homeostasis. Zinc is a key co-factor for the correct functioning of anti-oxidant enzymes. Zinc deficiency therefore, impairs their synthesis, leading to increased oxidative stress within cells. Zinc deficiency occurs commonly in diabetic patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of varying concentrations of zinc on diabetic nephropathy (DN) and the underlying mechanisms involved. FVB male mice aged 8 weeks were injected intraperitoneally with multiple low-dose streptozotocin at a concentration of 50mg/kg body weight daily for 5 days...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587784/gender-specific-expression-of-atp-binding-cassette-abc-transporters-and-cytoprotective-genes-in-mouse-choroid-plexus
#8
Katiria Flores, José E Manautou, J Larry Renfro
The choroid plexus (CP) and blood-brain barrier (BBB) control the movement of several drugs and endogenous compounds between the brain and systemic circulation. The multidrug resistance associated protein (Mrp) efflux transporters form part of these barriers. Several Mrp transporters are positively regulated by the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor (Nrf2) in liver. The Mrps, Nrf2 and Nrf2-dependent genes are cytoprotective and our aim was to examine basal gender differences in expression of Mrp transporters, Nrf2 and Nrf2-dependent genes (Nqo1 and Ho-1) in the brain-barriers...
June 3, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587109/identification-of-non-electrophilic-nrf2-activators-from-approved-drugs
#9
Qing-Ye Zhang, Xin-Yi Chu, Ling-Han Jiang, Meng-Yuan Liu, Zhi-Ling Mei, Hong-Yu Zhang
Oxidative damage can lead to a wide range of diseases. Nrf2 is an important transcription factor that regulates many of the cytoprotective enzymes involved in the oxidative stress response. Therefore, targeting the regulation of Nrf2 activation is one logical and effective strategy to prevent or lower the risk of oxidative stress-related diseases. Until now, most research has focused on electrophilic indirect Nrf2 activators, but the risk of 'off-target' effects may be associated with these activators. To find novel small non-electrophilic modulators of Nrf2, we started from chemical agents derived from a connectivity map (cMap) and identified 22 non-electrophilic potential Nrf2-activating drugs through a drug repositioning tactic...
May 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586911/serpina3k-ameliorates-the-corneal-oxidative-injury-induced-by-4-hydroxynonenal
#10
Xiling Zheng, Huixia Cui, Yuanyuan Yin, Yajing Zhang, Rongrong Zong, Xiaorui Bao, Jian-Xing Ma, Zuguo Liu, Yueping Zhou
Purpose: We previously demonstrated that SERPINA3K has anti-inflammatory, antiangiogenic, and antioxidant effects in corneas. Here we further investigated the effects of SERPINA3K on the corneal oxidant injury setting recently developed and induced by 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Methods: We applied the 4-HNE-induced corneal oxidant stress in cultured human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells in vitro and to the cornea of rats in vivo. The following experiments were conducted: cell counting kit 8 assay to detect cell viability; quantitative real-time PCR assay; Western blotting and immunofluorescent staining to measure gene expressions or protein levels of key reactive oxygen species (ROS)-associated factors (3-nitrotyrosine [3-NT]; nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate [NADPH]-oxidase 4 [NOX4]; superoxide dismutase [SOD]); catalase and nuclear factor [erythroid-derived 2]-like 2 [NRF2]); as well as main factors of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway (p-LRP6, β-catenin and transcription factor 4 [TCF4]); histologic staining; and TUNEL staining to examine sections of rat corneas...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584577/antioxidant-mechanism-of-black-garlic-extract-involving-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-like-factor-2-pathway
#11
Ae Wha Ha, Woo Kyoung Kim
BACKGROUN/OBJECTIVES: Although studies have revealed that black garlic is a potent antioxidant, its antioxidant mechanism remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine black garlic's antioxidant activities and possible antioxidant mechanisms related to nuclear factor erythroid 2-like factor 2 (Nrf2)-Keap1 complex. METHODS/MATERIALS: After four weeks of feeding rats with a normal fat diet (NF), a high-fat diet (HF), a high-fat diet with 0.5% black garlic extract (HF+BGE 0...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583816/tert-butylhydroquinone-protects-pc12%C3%A2-cells-against-ferrous-sulfate-induced-oxidative-and-inflammatory-injury-via-the-nrf2-are-pathway
#12
Wenzhe Xu, Feng Li, Zhenkuan Xu, Bin Sun, Jingwei Cao, Yuguang Liu
Increasing evidence had proved the critical role of iron in the pathogenesis of numerous neurodegenerative diseases because of its capacity to promote the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) was a metabolite of butylated hydroxyanisole, a widely used food antioxidant. This study was aimed to investigate the protective effects of tBHQ on a cellular model of neurodegenerative disease, which was established in PC12 cells by exposure to ferrous sulfate (FS), and elucidate the potential protective mechanisms...
June 2, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569786/brg1-mediated-nrf2-ho-1-pathway-activation-alleviates-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#13
Mian Ge, Weifeng Yao, Dongdong Yuan, Shaoli Zhou, Xi Chen, Yihan Zhang, Haobo Li, Zhengyuan Xia, Ziqing Hei
Cytoprotective gene heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) could be induced by nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) nuclear translocation. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1), a catalytic subunit of SWI2/SNF2-like chromatin remodeling complexes, in Nrf2/HO-1 pathway activation during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (HIR). Our results showed that hepatic Brg1 was inhibited during early HIR while Brg1 overexpression reduced oxidative injury in CMV-Brg1 mice subjected to HIR...
June 1, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559202/inhibitory-effects-of-rosmarinic-acid-on-pterygium-epithelial-cells-through-redox-imbalance-and-induction-of-extrinsic-and-intrinsic-apoptosis
#14
Ya-Yu Chen, Chia-Fang Tsai, Ming-Chu Tsai, Yu-Wen Hsu, Fung-Jou Lu
Pterygium is a common tumor-like ocular disease, which may be related to exposure to chronic ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Although the standard treatment for pterygium is surgical intervention, the recurrence rate of pterygium is high when no effective inhibitory drug is used after surgery. Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a polyphenol antioxidant with many biological activities, including anti-UV and anti-tumor properties. This study aimed to examine the inhibitory effects of RA on pterygium epithelial cells (PECs)...
May 27, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558932/bama-miniature-pigs-liver-possess-great-heat-tolerance-through-upregulation-of-nrf2-mediated-antioxidative-enzymes
#15
Jiaqin Chen, Fei Wang, Xin Zhou, Yun Cao, Yansen Li, Chunmei Li
The liver is one of the most crucial organs affected by high ambient temperature. Bama miniature pig show a heat tolerance in hot summer months. However, the physiological condition of liver under high ambient temperature has not been well elucidated in Bama miniature pig. Here we performed an experiment to investigate the effects of high ambient temperature on liver function, redox status and Nrf2 antioxidant pathway in Bama miniature pigs. Twelve pigs were randomly divided into two groups and separately exposed to the neutral temperature (NT, 25°C) and high temperature (HT, 40°C) for 8 days...
July 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553227/srt1720-alleviates-anit-induced-cholestasis-in-a-mouse-model
#16
Linxi Yu, Xiaoxin Liu, Zihang Yuan, Xiaojiaoyang Li, Hang Yang, Ziqiao Yuan, Lixin Sun, Luyong Zhang, Zhengzhou Jiang
Intrahepatic cholestasis is a kind of clinical syndrome along with hepatotoxicity which caused by intrahepatic and systemic accumulations of bile acid. There are several crucial generating factors of the pathogenesis of cholestasis, such as inflammation, dysregulation of bile acid transporters and oxidative stress. SIRT1 is regarded as a class III histone deacetylase (HDAC). According to a set of researches, SIRT1 is one of the most important factors which can regulate the hepatic bile acid metabolism. SRT1720 is a kind of activator of SIRT1 which is 1000 times more potent than resveratrol, and this paper is aimed to study its protective influence on hepatotoxicity and cholestasis induced by alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) in mice...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552673/neuroprotective-effects-of-sulfiredoxin-1-during-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-oxidative-stress-injury-in-rats
#17
Jingxian Wu, Yanlin Chen, Shanshan Yu, Lingyu Li, Xiujuan Zhao, Qiong Li, Jing Zhao, Yong Zhao
As an endogenous antioxidant protein, Sulfiredoxin1 (Srxn1) can prevent cell oxidative stress damage. However, its role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and the underlying signaling mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we explored effects of Srxn1 knockdown on oxidative stress using in vitro and in vivo I/R models and investigated related neuroprotective mechanisms. For in vitro studies, primary cortical neuronal cultures were transfected with an interfering lentivirus targeting Srxn1. Oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) was conducted after Srxn1 knockdown...
May 24, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550120/hiv-1-decreases-nrf2-are-activity-and-phagocytic-function-in-alveolar-macrophages
#18
Bashar S Staitieh, Lingmei Ding, Wendy A Neveu, Paul Spearman, David M Guidot, Xian Fan
Respiratory complications occur frequently in individuals living with human immunodeficiency-1 virus (HIV) infection, and there is evidence that HIV-related oxidative stress impairs alveolar macrophage immune function. We hypothesized that nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2), a master transcription factor that activates the antioxidant response element (ARE) and regulates antioxidant defenses, has an important role in alveolar macrophage (AMs) immune dysfunction in individuals with HIV infections...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542559/fluvastatin-inhibits-age-induced-cell-proliferation-and-migration-via-an-erk5-dependent-nrf2-pathway-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#19
Ae-Rang Hwang, Jung-Hwa Han, Jae Hyang Lim, Young Jin Kang, Chang-Hoon Woo
Advanced glycation endproduct (AGE)-induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production are emerging as important mechanisms of diabetic vasculopathy, but little is known about the molecular mechanism responsible for the antioxidative effects of statins on AGEs. It has been reported that statins exert pleiotropic effects on the cardiovascular system due to decreases in AGE-induced cell proliferation, migration, and vascular inflammation. Thus, in the present study, the authors investigated the molecular mechanism by which statins decrease AGE-induced cell proliferation and VSMC migration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539530/active-form-of-vitamin-d-ameliorates-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-by-alleviating-oxidative-stress-in-a-high-fat-diet-rat-model
#20
Chong-Gui Zhu, Ya-Xin Liu, Hao Wang, Bao-Ping Wang, Hui-Qi Qu, Bao-Li Wang, Mei Zhu
The purpose of this study was to determine whether treatment using the active form of vitamin D (1,25(OH)2D3) could protect against high-fat diet (HFD)-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in rats and ameliorate oxidative stress. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups and treated with standard chow, HFD, or HFD plus intraperitoneal injection of 1,25(OH)2D3 (5 μg/kg body weight, twice per week), respectively, for 16 weeks. Serum lipid profiles, hepatic function, intrahepatic lipid, and calcium levels were determined...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Journal
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