keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chicken litter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574552/production-systems-of-japanese-quail-coturnix-coturnix-japonica-in-the-urban-communities-of-southwestern-nigeria
#1
Jelili Olaide Saka, Ajoke Oyegbami, Isaiah Annayochukwu Okere, Adeboye Joseph Omole, James Oyegoke Fayenuwo
The study was conducted to examine the management practices and constraints associated with quail production in southwestern Nigeria. Data were collected through a survey of 113 quail bird farmers selected by multi-stage sampling technique from three states of southwestern Nigeria. Data were analyzed mainly by descriptive statistics with values compared across states using relevant statistics at certain instances. The results show that quail farming is a relatively new enterprise with farmers' average year of experience estimated as 4...
March 24, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528454/consumers-acceptability-of-indigenous-cockerel
#2
Kingsley K Duah, Edward K Essuman, Osca S Olympio, Worlah Akwetey, Vida Gyimah, Jeremiah O Yeboah
Commercial poultry production, although fairly well developed, continues to develop rapidly in Africa and other areas of the world. The local chickens, which may perhaps be harnessed and exploited for poverty alleviation, form part of the many local assets of underprivileged people living in the rural areas. In view of this, the study aims to investigate consumer acceptability of indigenous chicken meats using survey and sensory evaluation. The survey is comprised mainly of interviewing market women and supplying birds to them for sale in order to find answers to questions related to marketability or otherwise of the naked-neck, frizzled naked-neck, and normal-feathered cockerels...
March 8, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514265/effects-of-stocking-density-and-string-provision-on-welfare-related-measures-in-commercial-broiler-chickens-in-windowed-houses
#3
C L Bailie, C Ijichi, N E O'Connell
Lower stocking densities (SD) are sometimes used in windowed houses for broilers as part of systems designed to produce high-welfare products. However, there is little scientific information on the effects of SD on welfare-related measures in broilers in windowed houses, and on whether these effects are influenced by environmental enrichment. Commercial windowed broiler chicken houses were assigned to 4 target SD (30, 32, 34, and 36 kg/m2) and 2 levels of access to string [+S (one piece per 1,000 birds/house), -S] in a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement...
March 5, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503637/host-and-environmental-factors-affecting-the-intestinal-microbiota-in-chickens
#4
REVIEW
Jannigje G Kers, Francisca C Velkers, Egil A J Fischer, Gerben D A Hermes, J A Stegeman, Hauke Smidt
The initial development of intestinal microbiota in poultry plays an important role in production performance, overall health and resistance against microbial infections. Multiplexed sequencing of 16S ribosomal RNA gene amplicons is often used in studies, such as feed intervention or antimicrobial drug trials, to determine corresponding effects on the composition of intestinal microbiota. However, considerable variation of intestinal microbiota composition has been observed both within and across studies. Such variation may in part be attributed to technical factors, such as sampling procedures, sample storage, DNA extraction, the choice of PCR primers and corresponding region to be sequenced, and the sequencing platforms used...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493264/salmonella-enterica-subsp-salamae-serovar-sofia-a-prevalent-serovar-in-australian-broiler-chickens-is-also-capable-of-transient-colonization-in-layers
#5
Caitlin Cooper, Sean C Moore, Robert J Moore, P Scott Chandry, Narelle Fegan
1.Salmonella enterica subsp. salamae serovar sofia (S. sofia) is a prevalent strain of Salmonella in Australian broilers and has been isolated from broiler chickens, litter, dust, as well as pre- and post-processing carcasses, and retail chicken portions but has never been reported in commercial Australian layers or eggs. 2.To investigate whether a S. sofia isolate from a broiler could colonize layers, one-month old Hyline brown layers were orally inoculated with S. sofia and colonisation was monitored for two to four weeks...
March 1, 2018: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477827/transfer-of-arsenic-from-poultry-feed-to-poultry-litter-a-mass-balance-study
#6
Sanjay K Gupta, X Chris Le, Gary Kachanosky, Martin J Zuidhof, Tariq Siddique
Roxarsone (rox), an arsenic (As) containing organic compound, is a common feed additive used in poultry production. To determine if As present in rox is excreted into the poultry litter without any retention in chicken meat for safe human consumption, the transference of As from the feed to poultry excreta was assessed using two commercial chicken strains fed with and without dietary rox. The results revealed that both the strains had similar behaviour in growth (chicken weight; 2.17-2.25kg), feed consumption (282-300kgpen-1 initially containing 102 chicken) and poultry litter production (73-81kgpen-1 ) during the growth phase of 35days...
February 22, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462494/why-did-severe-feather-pecking-and-cannibalism-outbreaks-occur-an-unintended-case-study-while-investigating-the-effects-of-forage-and-stress-on-pullets-during-rearing
#7
G M Cronin, R L Hopcroft, P J Groves, E J S Hall, D N Phalen, P H Hemsworth
This 2 × 2 factorial experiment aimed to investigate the effects of stimulating foraging behavior from wk 6 and imposed stress at wk 16 on the development of severe feather pecking (SFP) in chickens reared for free-range egg production. Non-beak-trimmed ISA Brown chicks were purchased at one day old and floor-reared on wood shavings. From wk 6, straw was provided daily in dispensers (Forage vs. No forage) to stimulate foraging. At wk 15, there were 16 pens of 50 pullets. "Stressors" were applied to half the pens in wk 16 via combined transport, relocation, and mixing (TRM) of pullets, simulating activities around transfer from the rearing to egg-laying farm (TRM vs...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462463/typlex%C3%A2-chelate-a-novel-feed-additive-inhibits-campylobacter-jejuni-biofilm-formation-and-cecal-colonization-in-broiler-chickens
#8
F Khattak, V Paschalis, M Green, J G M Houdijk, P Soultanas, J Mahdavi
Reducing Campylobacter spp. carriage in poultry is challenging, but essential to control this major cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Although much is known about the mechanisms and route of Campylobacter spp. colonization in poultry, the literature is scarce on antibiotic-free solutions to combat Campylobacter spp. colonization in poultry. In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to investigate the role of TYPLEX® Chelate (ferric tyrosine), a novel feed additive, in inhibiting Campylobacter jejuni (C...
February 15, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462420/evaluation-of-a-coccidia-vaccine-using-spray-and-gel-applications
#9
Grace A Albanese, Laura R Tensa, Emily J Aston, Deborah A Hilt, Brian J Jordan
Coccidiosis is an economically significant disease of poultry caused by species of Eimeria, a parasitic protozoan. Disease can result in poor feed conversion, reduced weight gain, and can lead to the development of necrotic enteritis. For prevention of coccidiosis, poultry are commonly vaccinated with a live, sporulated oocysts mass applied with a vaccination cabinet in the hatchery. Traditionally, coccidia vaccines have been applied by coarse spray in a water based diluent, however, new technology using gel diluents has entered the US market...
February 15, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437227/molecular-analysis-biochemical-characterization-antimicrobial-activity-and-immunological-analysis-of-proteus-mirabilis-isolated-from-broilers
#10
Hung-Yueh Yeh, John E Line, Arthur Hinton
Proteus mirabilis, a Gram-negative bacterium, is ubiquitous in the environment and is considered as the normal microflora in the human gastrointestinal tract. However, this bacterium is an opportunistic pathogen in humans, often causing urinary tract infections. Moreover, Proteus has been frequently isolated from food animals, including poultry. Whether this bacterium contributes to the foodborne illness in humans is unclear. In this report, P. mirabilis isolates recovered from broilers during housing in the units were characterized, their antimicrobial activity was assayed, and broiler immune response to the soluble proteins was determined...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083877/stimulation-of-phytoplankton-production-by-anthropogenic-dissolved-organic-nitrogen-in-a-coastal-plain-estuary
#11
Alexandria G Hounshell, Benjamin L Peierls, Christopher L Osburn, Hans W Paerl
There is increased focus on nitrogen (N)-containing dissolved organic matter (DOM) as a nutrient source supporting eutrophication in N-sensitive estuarine ecosystems. This is particularly relevant in watersheds undergoing urban and agricultural development, leading to increased dissolved organic N (DON) loading. To understand how this shift in N-loading influences estuarine phytoplankton production, nutrient addition bioassays were conducted in the N-limited Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina from 2014 to 2015...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024064/physiological-and-health-related-response-of-broiler-chickens-fed-diets-containing-raw-full-fat-soya-bean-meal-supplemented-with-microbial-protease
#12
M M Erdaw, R A Perez-Maldonado, P A Iji
A 2 × 3 factorial study (protease: 0 or 1,5000 PROT/kg and raw full-fat soya bean meal [RSBM] replacing the commercial SBM at 0, 45 and 75 g/kg of diet) was conducted to examine the performance of broilers. Phytase (2000 FYT/kg) was uniformly added to each diet, each also replicated six times, with eight birds per replicate. Birds were raised in climate-controlled rooms using sawdust as the bedding material and offered starter, grower and finisher diets. Feed intake (FI) and body weight gain (BWG) were reduced (p < ...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938791/effects-of-a-high-dose-of-microbial-phytase-and-myo-inositol-supplementation-on-growth-performance-tibia-mineralization-nutrient-digestibility-litter-moisture-content-and-foot-problems-in-broiler-chickens-fed-phosphorus-deficient-diets
#13
D Farhadi, A Karimi, Gh Sadeghi, J Rostamzadeh, M R Bedford
A total of 660 one-day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly distributed into eleven dietary treatments. Treatments included a maize-soybean meal-based diet with recommended calcium (Ca) and non-phytate phosphorus (nPP) (positive control; PC), an nPP-deficient diet (negative control; NC), NC diets supplemented with different levels of phytase (0, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000, 4,000, 5,000, and 6,000 FTU/kg), a NC diet plus 0.15% myo-inositol, and a NC diet with reduced Ca level (Ca to nPP ratio same as PC)...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910723/sorption-desorption-equilibrium-and-diffusion-of-tetracycline-in-poultry-litter-and-municipal-biosolids-soil-amendments
#14
E D'Angelo
Tetracycline (TET) is commonly used to treat bacterial diseases in humans and chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus), is largely excreted, and is found at elevated concentrations in treated sewage sludge (biosolids) and poultry litter (excrement plus bedding materials). Routine application of these nutrient-and carbon-enriched materials to soils improves fertility and other characteristics, but the presence of antibiotics (and other pharmaceuticals) in amendments raises questions about potential adverse effects on biota and development of antibiotic resistance in the environment...
December 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903878/thermal-inactivation-of-avian-influenza-virus-in-poultry-litter-as-a-method-to-decontaminate-poultry-houses
#15
Christopher B Stephens, Erica Spackman
Removal of contaminated material from a poultry house during recovery from an avian influenza virus (AIV) outbreak is costly and labor intensive. Because AIV is not environmentally stable, heating poultry houses may provide an alternative disinfection method. The objective was to determine the time necessary to inactivate AIV in poultry litter at temperatures achievable in a poultry house. Low pathogenic (LP) AIV inactivation was evaluated between 10.0°-48.9°C, at ∼5.5°C intervals and highly pathogenic (HP) AIV inactivation was evaluated between 10...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892840/cadmium-solubility-and-bioavailability-in-soils-amended-with-acidic-and-neutral-biochar
#16
Fangjie Qi, Dane Lamb, Ravi Naidu, Nanthi S Bolan, Yubo Yan, Yong Sik Ok, Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, Girish Choppala
This study was designed to investigate the effects of acidic and neutral biochars on solubility and bioavailability of cadmium (Cd) in soils with contrasting properties. Four Cd contaminated (50mg/kg) soils (EN: Entisol, AL: Andisol, VE: Vertisol, IN: Inceptisol) were amended with 5% acidic wood shaving biochar (WS, pH=3.25) and neutral chicken litter biochar (CL, pH=7.00). Following a 140-day incubation, the solubility and bioavailability/bioaccessibility of cadmium (Cd) were assessed. Results showed that both biochars had no effect on reducing soluble (pore water) and bioavailable (CaCl2 extractable) Cd for higher sorption capacity soils (AL, IN) while CL biochar reduced those in lower sorption capacity soils (EN, VE) by around 50%...
January 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884072/ochroconis-gallopava-bronchitis-mimicking-haemoptysis-in-a-patient-with-bronchiectasis
#17
M Bernasconi, C Voinea, P M Hauser, L P Nicod, R Lazor
Ochroconis gallopava is an anamorphic mould characterized by slow growth rate and production of a maroon pigment, which has been isolated worldwide from soil, thermal springs, decaying vegetation, and chicken litter. It has been reported to cause localized, mostly pulmonary, and systemic infection in severely immunocompromised patients. We describe the case of a 76-year-old woman known for ulcerative colitis-related bronchiectasis treated with low dose oral steroids, who developed a fungal bronchitis with dark, bloody-like, sputum which was initially misinterpreted as haemoptysis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854751/poultry-rearing-on-perforated-plastic-floors-and-the-effect-on-air-quality-growth-performance-and-carcass-injuries-experiment-1-thermal-comfort
#18
Eduardo Alves de Almeida, Lilian Francisco Arantes de Souza, Aline Cristina Sant'Anna, Raphael Nogueira Bahiense, Marcos Macari, Renato Luis Furlan
The present study investigated the use of perforated plastic floors in the rearing of male and female poultry under thermal comfort conditions. The study was conducted in 2 climate chambers, in one was conventional poultry litter (wood shavings) and in the other was a perforated plastic floor. The experimental design was a completely randomized design with the factors wood shavings and plastic floor. In each chamber, the animals were divided into 16 experimental pens (8 with males and 8 with females) with a density of 12 birds/m2...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843753/anaerobic-digestion-co-digestion-kinetic-potentials-of-different-agro-industrial-wastes-a-comparative-batch-study-for-c-n-optimisation
#19
Zubayeda Zahan, Maazuza Z Othman, Tim H Muster
Anaerobic digestion (AD) of different agro-industrial wastes and their co-digestion potential has been exhaustively studied in this research. It explores variation of feedstock characteristics such as biodegradability and methane potential during AD and anaerobic co-digestion (ACoD) of chicken litter (CL) with yoghurt whey (YW), organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW), hay grass (HG) and wheat straw (WS) under mesophilic conditions. Comparative performance was made at different loading concentrations (2%, 3% and 4% VS) with 1:2g/g VS of substrate to inoculum and carrying C/N ratio...
January 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796792/divergent-selection-on-home-pen-locomotor-activity-in-a-chicken-model-selection-program-genetic-parameters-and-direct-response-on-activity-and-body-weight
#20
Joergen B Kjaer
General locomotor activity (GLA) in poultry has attracted attention, as it negatively influences production costs (energy expenditure and feed consumption) and welfare parameters (bone strength, litter quality, feather pecking and cannibalism). Laying hen lines diverging in the average level of spontaneous locomotor activity in the home pen were developed by genetic selection using the founder New Hampshire line. Activity was recorded using RFID technology at around five weeks of age during four to five days in the home pen...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
95531
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"