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Pediatric anesthesia case report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624838/dental-management-of-pediatric-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-a-scoping-review
#1
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619306/management-of-viral-oral-ulcers-in-children-using-chinese-herbal-medicine-a-report-of-two-cases
#2
Yi-Chiao Lee, Ting-Hao Wang, Shih-Yu Chen, Hsiang-Ling Lin, Ming-Yen Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Viral oral ulcers are common presentations in pediatric clinics. Although self-limiting, painful ulcerative lesions and inflamed mucosa can decrease oral intake and lead to dehydration. Despite the widespread use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for pediatric upper respiratory disease in Taiwan, there is little evidence for its effectiveness as an antipyretic or in aiding ulcer healing for children with viral oral ulcers. We report two cases of children who presented with viral oral ulcers to illustrate the potential efficacy of CHM treatment in recovery from herpangina (HA) and herpetic gingivostomatitis (HGS)...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612677/an-unusual-complication-with-the-administration-of-a-volatile-anesthetic-agent-for-status-asthmaticus-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Brittany Shutes, W Joshua Frazier, Joseph D Tobias
In severe cases of status asthmaticus, when conventional therapies fail, volatile anesthetic agents remain a therapeutic option. When delivered outside of the operating room setting, specialized delivery techniques are needed to ensure the safe and effective use of volatile anesthetic agents. We present a 16-year-old adolescent with status asthmaticus who required the therapeutic administration of the volatile anesthetic agent, sevoflurane, in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Although initially effective in reducing bronchospasm, progressive hypercarbia developed due to defective functioning of the carbon dioxide absorber of the anesthesia machine...
July 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597354/pharmacologic-considerations-for-pediatric-sedation-and-anesthesia-outside-the-operating-room-a-review-for-anesthesia-and-non-anesthesia-providers
#4
REVIEW
Narjeet Khurmi, Perene Patel, Molly Kraus, Terrence Trentman
Understanding the pharmacologic options for pediatric sedation outside the operating room will allow practitioners to formulate an ideal anesthetic plan, allaying anxiety and achieving optimal immobilization while ensuring rapid and efficient recovery. The authors identified relevant medical literature by searching PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases for English language publications covering a period from 1984 to 2017. Search terms included pediatric anesthesia, pediatric sedation, non-operating room sedation, sedation safety, and pharmacology...
June 8, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538406/dexmedetomidine-based-intravenous-anesthesia-of-a-pediatric-patient-with-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-g6pd-deficiency-a-case-report
#5
Nanae Takahashi, Takashi Ogawa, Zen'ichiro Wajima, Akibumi Omi
RATIONALE: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common human enzyme defect, resulting in deficits in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate production, an important intracellular antioxidant enzyme. G6PD-deficient subjects present with a susceptibility of erythrocytes to oxidative stress and hemolysis, and should avoid drugs or stressors that have oxidative actions. Dexmedetomidine is an anesthetic agent with antioxidant actions. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: A 5-year-old boy with G6PD deficiency...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525510/zika-virus-obstetric-and-pediatric-anesthesia-considerations
#6
Jacqueline L Tutiven, Benjamin T Pruden, James S Banks, Mario Stevenson, David J Birnbach
As of November 2016, the Florida Department of Health (FDH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have confirmed more than 4000 travel-related Zika virus (ZIKV) infections in the United States with >700 of those in Florida. There have been 139 cases of locally acquired infection, all occurring in Miami, Florida. Within the US territories (eg, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands), >30,000 cases of ZIKV infection have been reported. The projected number of individuals at risk for ZIKV infection in the Caribbean and Latin America approximates 5 million...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504341/breathing-circuit-compliance-and-accuracy-of-displayed-tidal-volume-during-pressure-controlled-ventilation-of-infants-a-quality-improvement-project
#7
Todd A Glenski, Carrie Diehl, Rachel G Clopton, Robert H Friesen
INTRODUCTION: Anesthesia machines have evolved to deliver desired tidal volumes more accurately by measuring breathing circuit compliance during a preuse self-test and then incorporating the compliance value when calculating expired tidal volume. The initial compliance value is utilized in tidal volume calculation regardless of whether the actual compliance of the breathing circuit changes during a case, as happens when corrugated circuit tubing is manually expanded after the preuse self-test but before patient use...
May 15, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457477/parental-perceptions-and-acceptance-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-staining
#8
Yasmi O Crystal, Malvin N Janal, Dylan S Hamilton, Richard Niederman
BACKGROUND: The caries arrest that can be achieved by using silver diamine fluoride (SDF) offers a minimally invasive and inexpensive alternative to traditional restorative caries treatment. The authors evaluated how the dentinal staining that is associated with SDF influences the acceptance of this treatment among parents of young children in the New York City metropolitan area. METHODS: The authors invited the parents of children who had experienced dental caries and who had appointments at the New York University Pediatric Dentistry Clinic and at several private clinics in New Jersey to participate in a Web-based survey designed to assess parents' demographics, perceptions of photographs of SDF-treated carious teeth, and acceptability of treatment in different behavior management scenarios...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448325/combined-spinal-epidural-anesthesia-with-dexmedetomidine-based-sedation-for-multiple-corrective-osteotomies-in-a-child-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-type-iii-a-case-report
#9
Anju Gupta, Geeta Kamal, Nishkarsh Gupta, Anil Aggarwal
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare disabling genetic connective tissue disorder. General anesthesia in these patients is associated with increased risks. Regional anesthesia is favored wherever feasible, but there are limited reports of use of a sole regional technique in OI in pediatric patients. Moreover, combined spinal-epidural anesthesia has never been described previously. We are reporting the use of combined spinal-epidural anesthesia for a prolonged surgery (multiple osteotomies) of lower limbs in a 10-year-old wheelchair-bound child with OI type III...
April 26, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422590/localized-juvenile-spongiotic-gingival-hyperplasia-report-of-two-cases
#10
Eleni-Marina Kalogirou, Konstantina Chatzidimitriou, Konstantinos I Tosios, Evangelia P Piperi, Alexandra Sklavounou
OBJECTIVE: Localized juvenile spongiotic gingival hyperplasia (LJSGH) is a painless gingival swelling that histologically exhibits hyperplasia of the non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium, intercellular edema and spongiosis of the spinus layer, and exocytosis of inflammatory cells. LJSGH pathogenesis remains to be elucidated, while a possible origin from the gingival sulcus epithelium is nowadays proposed. STUDY DESIGN: We report two cases of LJSGH with immunohistochemical evaluation of cytokeratins (CKs) 18 and 19...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419616/the-provision-of-pediatric-cardiac-anesthesia-services-in-germany-current-status-of-structural-and-personnel-organization
#11
Torsten Baehner, Oliver Dewald, Ingo Heinze, Matthias Mueller, Ehrenfried Schindler, Uwe Schirmer, Georg Baumgarten, Andreas Hoeft, Richard K Ellerkmann
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia for pediatric cardiac surgery requires a high level of expert knowledge. There are currently no recommendations and standards for anesthetic management for congenital cardiac surgery in Germany. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the current status of structural and personnel anesthetic standards at pediatric cardiac surgery centers in Germany. METHOD: All cardiac surgical centers in Germany were reviewed for an active program for congenital heart surgery...
April 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387991/endoscopic-chemocauterization-for-pyriform-sinus-fistulas-in-children
#12
Satohiko Yanagisawa, Takehito Oshio, Mototoshi Kato, Motohiro Kano, Yuki Tsuji, Yasuhide Morikawa
PURPOSE: Although complete excision is the standard treatment for pyriform sinus fistula (PSF), it has recently been suggested that chemocauterization via the internal orifice of the fistula could be an effective non-invasive treatment for the condition. The present report describes the details of our experience and the efficacy of endoscopic chemocauterization for pediatric PSF. METHOD: Between January 2010 and June 2015, 4 patients were diagnosed with PSF and scheduled to undergo endoscopic chemocauterization...
April 7, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384676/microscope-integrated-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-the-operating-room-in-young-children-with-retinal-vascular-disease
#13
Xi Chen, Christian Viehland, Oscar M Carrasco-Zevallos, Brenton Keller, Lejla Vajzovic, Joseph A Izatt, Cynthia A Toth
Importance: Intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) has gained traction as an important adjunct for clinical decision making during vitreoretinal surgery, and OCT angiography (OCTA) has provided novel insights in clinical evaluation of retinal diseases. To date, these two technologies have not been applied in combination to evaluate retinal vascular disease in the operating suite. Objective: To conduct microscope-integrated, swept-source OCTA (MIOCTA) in children with retinal vascular disease...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353578/rocuronium-induced-neuromuscular-block-and-sugammadex-in-pediatric-patient-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-case-report
#14
Ji Eun Kim, Hea Rim Chun
INTRODUCTION: Anesthetic management of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is complicated because these patients are more sensitive to nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) and are vulnerable to postoperative complications, such as postoperative residual curarization and respiratory failure. Sugammadex is a new reversal agent for aminosteroidal NMBAs, but its safety in children is controversial. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 11-year-old boy with DMD underwent general anesthesia for a percutaneous nephrolithotomy...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341606/safety-and-efficacy-of-sequential-intracorneal-ring-segment-implantation-and-crosslinking-in-pediatric-keratoconus
#15
Youssef Abdelmassih, Sylvain El-Khoury, Ali Dirani, Rafic Antonios, Ali Fadlallah, Carole G Cherfan, Elias Chelala, Elias F Jarade
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and visual outcome of intracorneal ring segment (ICRS) implantation followed by crosslinking in pediatric keratoconus patients. DESIGN: Retrospective interventional case series METHODS: This retrospective study included pediatric patients (≤14 years) with keratoconus and poor corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) that underwent ICRS implantation and crosslinking (CXL). ICRS were inserted under topical anesthesia after creating a corneal tunnel with an Intralase femtosecond laser...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323671/codeine-and-opioid-metabolism-implications-and-alternatives-for-pediatric-pain-management
#16
Vidya Chidambaran, Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, Mohamed Mahmoud
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Use of perioperative opioids for surgical pain management of children presents clinical challenges because of concerns of serious adverse effects including life-threatening respiratory depression. This is especially true for children with history of obstructive sleep apnea. This review will explore current knowledge of clinically relevant factors and genetic polymorphisms that affect opioid metabolism and postoperative outcomes in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Within the past several years, an increasing number of case reports have illustrated clinically important respiratory depression, anoxic brain injuries and even death among children receiving appropriate weight-based dosages of codeine and other opioids for analgesia at home setting particularly following tonsillectomy...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290956/multidisciplinary-in-situ-simulation-based-training-as-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-quality-improvement-project
#17
Monica A Lutgendorf, Carmen Spalding, Elizabeth Drake, Dennis Spence, Jason O Heaton, Kristina V Morocco
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common obstetric emergency affecting 3 to 5% of deliveries, with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Effective management of postpartum hemorrhage requires strong teamwork and collaboration. We completed a multidisciplinary in situ postpartum hemorrhage simulation training exercise with structured team debriefing to evaluate hospital protocols, team performance, operational readiness, and real-time identification of system improvements...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213945/optimization-of-initial-propofol-bolus-dose-for-eeg-narcotrend-index-guided-transition-from-sevoflurane-induction-to-intravenous-anesthesia-in-children
#18
Nils Dennhardt, Dietmar Boethig, Christiane Beck, Sebastian Heiderich, Martin Boehne, Andreas Leffler, Barbara Schultz, Robert Sümpelmann
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane induction followed by intravenous anesthesia is a widely used technique to combine the benefits of an easier and less traumatic venipuncture after sevoflurane inhalation with a recovery with less agitation, nausea, and vomiting after total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). Combination of two different anesthetics may lead to unwanted burst suppression in the electroencephalogram (EEG) during the transition phase. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective clinical observational study was to identify the optimal initial propofol bolus dose for a smooth transition from sevoflurane induction to TIVA using the EEG Narcotrend Index (NI)...
April 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211198/safety-of-antifibrinolytics-in-cranial-vault-reconstructive-surgery-a-report-from-the-pediatric-craniofacial-collaborative-group
#19
Susan M Goobie, Franklyn P Cladis, Chris D Glover, Henry Huang, Srijaya K Reddy, Allison M Fernandez, David Zurakowski, Paul A Stricker, Heike Gries
BACKGROUND: Antifibrinolytic therapy significantly decreases blood loss and transfusion in pediatric cranial vault reconstructive surgery; however, concern regarding the side effects profile limits clinical use. AIMS: The aim was to utilize the Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery Perioperative Registry database to identify the safety profile of antifibrinolytic therapy for cranial vault reconstructive surgery by reporting the incidence of adverse events as they relate to exposure to tranexamic acid and aminocaproic acid compared to no exposure to antifibrinolytics...
March 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181946/case-report-of-midazolam-withdrawal-induced-catatonia-in-a-9-year-old-patient
#20
Cassandra R Duncan-Azadi, Peter N Johnson, Andrew Gormley
Benzodiazepine withdrawal-induced catatonia is a rare phenomenon in the adult population and has never been reported in a pediatric patient. We present a 9-year-old boy who exhibited catatonia symptoms following discontinuation of a midazolam infusion in the pediatric intensive care unit. The pediatric anesthesia acute pain team was consulted. When the patient's altered mental status could not otherwise be explained, benzodiazepine withdrawal-induced catatonia was considered. A dose of 2 mg intravenous lorazepam was given and the patient's symptoms dramatically improved within 5 minutes of administration...
February 8, 2017: A & A Case Reports
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